Ramapo Nike Base
Ramapo Nike Base (NY-99): 1956-63, Launcher Area for 30 Nike-Ajax Missiles, IFC area was Spring Valley. Inactivated 1963. Site owned by East Ramapo School District and is partially intact. See also NIKE For more information see http://alpha.fdu.edu/~bender/NY99.html (link opens new window)
Ransom Creek Nike Base
Ransom Creek (BU-09) Nike Base: Mid 1950s-Mid 1960s, Integrated Fire Control Area for Nike-Ajax Missiles, associated launcher area was Millersport. See also NIKE
Camp Rathburn: 1860s, Chemung County, Elmira. Temporary Civil War Encampment. See also Post Barracks, and Camp Robinson, looking for more information on location.
Rebel Redoubt: 1776, Bronx, American. Captured by the British who added an abatis. Abandoned Fall 1779. North of British Fort Number 8.
Red Fort: 1807-11, New York City, also known as North Battery, 200 feet into Hudson River, off Hubert Street, about pier 27 area. Constructed of red sandstone hence its name. 16 guns. Closed 1831. [Description of image] Red Fort (North Battery) 1808
Red Hook Barracks
Red Hook Barracks: 1776-82, Red Hook, Dutchess County. Five miles north of Rhinebeck on east bank of the Hudson were the American Barracks. Garrisoned to protect the river crossing and powder mill. Major rest area for units moving between New England and Mid Atlantic.
Redford ATLAS F, Site #8: 1961-65, Clinton County, Redford. See ATLAS F for detailed information.
Reid (Reed), Fort
Fort Reid(Reed): 1779, Chemung County, Elmira. Erected during Iroquois expeditions in the summer of 1779. Located at junction of Chemung (Tioga) River and Newtown Creek. Destroyed September 1779 at completion of the expedition.
Fort Rensselaer(1): Revolutionary War, also known as Fort Plain. South side of Mohawk River near village of Fort Plain. See Fort Plain. Fort Rensselaer(2): 1750, Montgomery County, Canajoharie. One and 1/2 story fortified stone house of Marte Janse Van Alstyne on present day Moyer Street. Also known as Fort Van Alystyne. Meeting place of Tryon County Committee of Safety. Fortified early in war unknown if palisaded.
Rheimensnyder's Fort: 1776, Herkimer County, Dolgeville. Blockhouse built by Henry Rheimensnyder. Area attacked April 1780. Burned down a few years after the war.
Fort Richmond (1): 1776, Staten Island, Richmondtown. British constructed 3 redoubts from July 1776 to October 1779, on the sides of a hill with a garrison in the middle. Each redoubt was about 50 feet square with ditching. Renovated in 1781, evacuated 1782. Located on grounds of La Tourette Country Club, some archeological work done. Fort Richmond (2): 1663-1776-1807-1812, Staten Island. The site was first fortified with a 1663 blockhouse and then during the Revolutionary War as the American redoubt Flagstaff Fort (1776), taken by the British it was enlarged and used to 1783. NYS Started a masonry fortification here in 1807 - 1811, (Water Battery, 1811) on East coast of Staten Island for harbor defense. Controlled by Fort Tompkins 1812. In the early 1860s on an early 1840 recomendation of the Engineering Officer at Fort Hamilton (a CPT R.E.Lee, later of the Confederate Army) it was rebuilt as a five foot thick, three-tiered battlement, with gun and rifle ports. Later called Battery Weed, in honor of Brevet BG Steven Weed killed at Gettysburg. Incorporated into Fort Wadsworth.
Fort Rickey: 1759, Oneida County. Built Jul-Dec 1759 as a post at West Canada Creek and Wood Creek junctions for 50 troops. A t-shaped fort of 80' by 30' in its main section. Basically an outpost of Fort Stanwix at the Wood Creek carry point and dam. In ruins by 1776.
Riverview ATLAS F, Site #7: 1961-65, Franklin County, Riverview. See ATLAS F for detailed information.
Robinson Barracks: 1860s, Chemung County, Elmira. Temporary Civil War Installation. See also Post Barracks, and Camp Rathburn, looking for more information on location.
Rockaway Naval Air Station (NAS)
Rockaway Naval Air Station (NAS): 1917-1930, Kings County, Rockaway Penninsula. NAS Rockaway was one of the US Navy's original Naval Air Stations. Operational from 1917 to 1930 with a maximum occupancy of 1,285. Once contained over 80 buildings on a 96 acre site. By 1930, 42 of 51 remaining structures were demolished. About 1931 started conversion to Jacob Riis Park. Completion of the park removed all traces of the air base. Starting point for first airplane to fly the Atlantic in 1919.
Rocky Point (NY-25) Nike Base
Rocky Point (NY-25) Nike Base:1957-74, Suffolk County, Brookhaven, Rocky Point. Integrated Fire Control for launchers at Brookhaven. Located between Wading River Manor Road and NY Route 46, South of NY Route 25A. Easternmost of the NY Defense Area contained multiple radar systems, ACQR, LOPAR, ABAR, HIPAR, and reserve radar integration system. Defended nuclear research at Brookhaven National Laboratories, Gruman's Calverton test facility and Suffolk County AFB. See also NIKE. For more information see alpha.fdu.edu/~bender/NY25.html Thanks to Ronald Pennisi for information on the correct closing date.
Rome Air Depot
Rome Air Depot: 1941, Oneida County, Rome. Became Griffiss AFB, see Griffiss AFB
Rome Air Development Center
Rome Air Development Center: 1951, Oneida County, Rome. Part of Griffiss AFB, see Rome Laboratory.
Rome Arsenal: 1813-1873, Oneida County, Rome. US Arsenal, magazine, workshop, and Officers' Quarters built in 1813 during the War of 1812. Layout of the arsenal shows the road to Sacketts Harbor, now West Dominick Street, dividing the Commandant's house from the barracks and arsenal. Site was three acres. Commandant's house has been restored. The balance of the site is now commercial use buildings, some may be from arsenal period. A location just west between Arsenal Street and Wood Creek was the site of 1756 Fort Newport in the French and Indian War.
Rome Laboratory: 1990, Oneida County, Rome. Part of Griffiss AFB. Get history of Laboratory on-line at www.rl.af.mil/History/rl-brief-history.html. (link opens new window)
Roosevelt Field: Hempstead Plains, Long Island. A World War I airfield, 1917. Originally Hazelhurst, renamed in 1918, in honor of Quentin Roosevelt, son of TR killed in combat. (other sources say the airfield was opened adjacent to (East of) Hazelhurst Field.) Civilian field after WWI. The fields were merged and renamed Roosevelt Field in 1929. The Eastern part closed in 1935 and the remainder in 1951. Adjacent and to the South was Mitchel Field.
Camp Rose: 1917-1919, Westchester County, Croton Reservoir. World War I encampment of New York Guard First Provisional Regiment near "Pines Bridge". Used while guarding New York City water supply
Roslyn Air Base
Roslyn Air Base The following information was provided by MgSgt Jan Klebukowski, 213th Education and Training Manager Roslyn ANG station was once a part of the 230 acre estate of Clarence Mackay. The property's first military use came during World War II, when the U.S. Government leased part of the estate as an Air Defense Post of the First Fighter Command. Later, from 1948 until 1959, the site was the home of the 26th Air Division's Air Defense Control Center - which controlled the entire Northeast. During this period it was known as the Roslyn Air Force Station. Formal title to the site changed hands in 1953, when the U.S. Government paid the sum of $250,000 for the current 50 acres. The station was owned by the USAF until the year 2000, when the land was turned over to the local community as a result of the 1995 Base Realigment and Closure commission (BRAC), and the remaining units will be relocated. Since 1959 New York State had a lease on the station for its use as a Communications and Electronics Training site for the Air National Guard. Perhaps the largest and finest non-flying station in the ANG, Roslyn had over 30 buildings, including a Vehicle Maintenance shop, AGE Shop, warehouse, and dining hall. In it's heyday, living space was maintained for as many as 80 people in private and semi-private rooms. History of Roslyn ANG Station - 1920 to Present History Roslyn ANG station was once a part of the 230 acre estate of Clarence Mackay, a millionaire contemporary of the Morgans, Vanderbilts, and Witneys. At it's peak, the estate employed 400 people and entertained such royal visitors as the Duke of Windsor (then Prince of Wales). Charles Lindburgh was also honored here upon his return from Europe in 1927. During the 1920's and 30's, the estate was the scene of many fabulous society parties and was one of the famed North Shore areas of activity. This era ended with Mr. Mackay's death in 1938 and the subsequent destruction of the main house by fire a few years later. The property's first military use came during World War II, when the U.S. Government leased part of the estate as an Air Defense Post of the First Fighter Command. Later, from 1948 until 1959, the site was the home of the 26th Air Division's Air Defense Control Center - which controlled the entire Northeast. During this period it was known as the Roslyn Air Force Station. Formal title to the site changed hands in 1953, when the U.S. Government paid the sum of $250,000 for the 50 acres we now occupy, which today has a replacement value in the millions of dollars. The station is currently owned by the USAF until the year 2000, when the land will be turned over to the local community as a result of the 1995 Base Realigment and Closure commission (BRAC), and the remaining units will move up to Stewart ANGB, Newburgh, New York. Since 1959 New York State has had a lease on the station for its present use - as a Communications and Electronics Training site for the Air National Guard. Perhaps the largest and finest non-flying station in the ANG, Roslyn has over 30 buildings, including a Vehicle Maintenance shop, AGE Shop, warehouse, and dining hall. In it's heyday, living space was maintained for as many as 80 people in private and semi-private rooms. Timeline |-------------------|-------------------|------------------------ 1940 - 1948 1948 - 1959 1959 - Present Air defense Post 26th Air Defense Div 213th EIS, 274th First Fighter Command Unit Mission 1940 - 1947 - Air Defense Post, First Fighter Command The Fighter Control Center, who was a part of the Army Signal Corps, was used to provide an integrated command and control facility dedicated solely to air defense. The first military buildings consisted of nine buildings, including enlisted and officer quarters, mess hall, recreation building, store room, transmitter building, receiver station, and radio tower, and D/F homer station. Prior to April 1944, access roads, 7 foot barbed wire perimeter fence, Fighter Control Center (currently Building 6), emergency power building, and power distribution system had been completed. At this time, the installation was called the Roslyn Filter Center under the jurisdiction of the 1st Fighter Command. The mission of the Fighter Control Center was detection, interception, identification, and if necessary, destruction of all aircraft in the greater New York Metropolitan area. The mission was centered around the Fighter Control Center, a bomb and gas proof building constructed as the air defense command and control center. Through the use of radar and ground observers, the controllers of the Fighter Control Center would identify and classify all aircraft operating in the region. Unknown aircraft would be targeted for interception, and destruction if necessary, by interceptors operating out of nearby military airfields such as Mitchel Field, or by other active defense systems, such as anti-aircraft artillery (AAA), barrage balloons, and smoke generated equipment situated around nearby defense plants and military installations. Orders to passive defensive systems such as blackouts and air raid warnings were also issued from the from the Fighter Control Center to the appropriate Civil Defense personnel. The Roslyn Filter Center operated until the end of the war and was then declared surplus to the needs of the Air Defense Command. Operating personnel were withdrawn on or about 14 Jan 46., and caretaker personnel were assigned to protect the property against pilfering and vandalism. "Caretaker" Squadrons stationed at Roslyn Station after the 1st Fighter Command was inactivated on 21 Mar 46 and disbanded on 8 Oct 48 916th Army Air Forces Base Unit Stationed: 31 Jul 47 - 30 Sep 47 - First "Caretaker" unit on base after 1st Fighter command was disbanded. Unit was based out of Ft. Slocum Mission: Maintaining and developing Roslyn Control Center. 503rd Aircraft Control and Warning Group Stationed: 30 Apr 48 - 6 Feb 52 Mission: To develop an Aircraft control and warning system to serve as a link in overall system of Air Defense Command Footnote: This unit was later absorbed into the 26th Air Division (Defense) on 6 Feb 52 along with the 645th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron. 645th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron Stationed: 30 Apr 48 - 22 Mar 49 and 8 Dec 49 - 6 Feb 52 Primary Mission: Establish a control center at Roslyn for Air Defense units in the surrounding area. Secondary Mission: Perform Housekeeping functions for the 503rd. 646th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron Stationed: 30 Apr 48 - 8 Dec 49 Footnote: This unit was manned by one officer and two airmen at the Roslyn Location 672nd Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron Stationed: 28 Mar 49 - 1 Apr 49 *Detachment 1 - 19 Apr 49 - 19 May 49 *Detachment 2 - 19 Apr 49 - 10 Jun 49 *Detachment 3 - 19 Apr 49 - 19 May 49 647th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron Stationed: 30 Apr 49 - Apr 58(?) 1948 - 1959 - 26th Air Defense Division Commanded by Brig Gen. Thayer S. Olds, the 26th Air Division was activated at Mitchel Field during the spring of 1949 for later transfer to Roslyn. It's headquarters was located at Roslyn Air Force Station, Long Island, New York, a few miles outside New York City. The mission of the 26th Air Defense Division was to defend the sector of the United States which included all of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, and parts of New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. To carry out this mission, NIKE missiles and anti-aircraft guns of the Army, radar picket ships and aircraft of the Navy, and all the tactical units of the 26th Air Division (Defense) of the Air Force were placed under the commander's operational control. The 26th Air Division Defense was transferred to Roslyn on 18 Apr 49, and moved out in February 1959. U.S. Army 1st NIKE Missile Battalion Roslyn apparently served as an early Control Center which received radar data from the Montauk Air Force Station in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Also served as Headquarters, HHB 1st Battalion 244th Anit-Aircraft Regiment, New York Army National Guard from 1959 to 1974. For more information on the NIKE programs see http://alpha.fdu.edu/~bender/nike.html and http://www.jps.net/ethelen/ 1959 - Present - 213th Engineering Installation squadron, 274th Combat Communications Squadron, 106th Civil Engineering Squadron (Deactivated - October 1995, Absorbed into the 213th EIS), 152nd Tactical Control Group (Moved to Syracuse, New York ), 552nd Air Force Band (Relocated to Stewart International Airport, Newburgh, NY-May 1986) 213th Engineering Squadron History - The 213th Engineering Installation Squadron has been at Roslyn since 1959, when it moved from a Brooklyn, NY Armory. Its mission install and maintain Radio, Central Office, and Wire communications Facilities. The 213th was federally recognized in 1948 as the 602nd Signal Construction Company, and became the 213th Communications Constructions Squadron, and a member of the Air Force Team in 1952. In January 1959 the unit was redesignated as the 213th Ground Electronics Engineering Installation Agency (GEEIA), and on 1 May 70, the 213th received its present designation as the 213th EI Squadron, a member of the Air Force Communications Service. Mission - The 213th Engineering Installation Squadron provides for the engineering, Installation, and removal, and relocation of ground communication-electronics systems, and to provide for emergency and programmed, mobile, on-site, maintenance and modification of these systems. The unit also responds to National Guard Bureau taskings. 274th Combat Communications Squadron History - The unit was federally recognized as the 102nd Communications Squadron in 1948 in White Plains, NY, redesignated as the to the 274th Communications Squadron in 1953 and in 1976 to Combat Communications Squadron in Air Force Communications service as the Gaining Command Plans for utility in a National Emergency. The 274th Combat Communications moved here in 1959. The 274th Combat Communications Squadron is part of the 253rd Mobile Communications Group which is located in Wellesley, Mass; other units of the group are located in Pennsylvania , District of Columbia, and Maine. Mission - The 274th Combat Communications Squadron will attain optimum capabilities to install, operate, and maintain mobile communications facilities in support of the 253rd Combat Communications Group and Air Force Communications Service and Tactical Air Command communications area in a national emergency. 552nd Air Force Band History - The 552nd Air Force Band was activated on August 16, 1942 at Pueblo Army Air Base, Colorado, as the 52nd Army Air Forces Band. The unit was later re-designated as the 552nd Army Air Forces Band in March 1944. A year later, the unit was transferred to an overseas assignment Casablanca, French Morocco, North Africa, assigned to the Air Transport Command. The unit remained in Africa until April 10th, 1946, when it was inactivated and it's personnel were transferred or absorbed into other units. The 552nd Army Air Forces Band was allotted to the New York State Air National Guard in May 1946 with an authorized strength of 29. In September 1947 the band was redesignated 552nd Air Force Band with an assignment station at the State Armory in White Plains, New York. The band was ordered to active duty during the Korean Conflict on March 24th 1951 and assigned to the 15th Air Force of the Strategic Air Command at March Air Force Base, California. On December 1, 1952, after 21months of active duty, the band was relieved from active military service and returned to the State of New York in an inactive status. In 1954, the band was again reformed and reassigned to Westchester County Airport as a New York Air National Guard contingent. The band operated from the State Armory in White Plains and the Dean Street Armory in Brooklyn until 1959 where it relocated to Roslyn Air National Guard Station in Roslyn, Long Island. While stationed at Roslyn Air National Guard Station, the 552nd performed such historic events such as the 1961 departure ceremonies at Hancock Field in Syracuse, New York; for the federal activation of NYANG forces being sent to Berlin, Germany; the opening ceremony of the lower level of the George Washington Bridge in August 1962; the New York State Winter Olympics at Lake Placid; and the New York City Marathon. In May 1986, the 552nd Air Force Band was relocated to Stewart International Airport, Newburgh, New York. The band was manned almost entirely with professional musicians and is considered one of the finest military marching bands in the country. It was very much in demand; performing several dozen times each year. They have played for the President of the United States, the Governor of New York, and for many other distinguished persons. Mission - The 552nd Air Force Band will support all ANG Bases located within the assigned geographical area without regard to command affiliation. They participate in, and provide music for: Military Formation and Ceremonies; provide musical support for recreation and entertainment programs at ANG installations; provide musical support for the ANG procurement programs; provide musical support for the ANG community relations programs. Additionally, they furnish support to the medical services requirements of military units when an emergency arises. 152nd Tactical Control Group History - The 152nd Tactical Control Group had originally been a Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron, but had been redesignated as the 64th Air Division, and in August 1953 changed it's designation and mission to 152nd Tactical Control Group and changed its mission to Tactical Control. - Unit moved to Roslyn in 1959. Roslyn was the Headquarters for the 152nd, whose history includes active duty during the Korean War and the 1961-62 Berlin Crisis. The 152nd commands ten Tactical Control Units based in seven states. The 152nd was federally recognized in March 1948 at White Plains, NY as the 152nd Aircraft Control and Warning Group. The unit saw its first active duty in 1951-53 installing the initial radar systems in Labrador, NewFoundland, and in Greenland. Following the northern assignment, the unit became a Tactical Control Group with a mission to control aircraft in battle missions against enemy ground and air forces. For the next few years its large organization included subordinate units in Georgia and Puerto Rico. It moved to Roslyn in 1959, and was stationed here when the next federal call up came in 1961. The unit was later relocated to Syracuse ANG Base, New York. During the height of the 1961-1962 Berlin crisis, President John F. Kennedy visited members of the 152nd Tactical Control Group at the Roslyn Air National Guard Station, New York. The 152nd deployed its 2,000 officers and airmen to West Germany for ten months of active service with US Forces there. The unit's radar and communications equipment became, for that period, a part of the NATO team. Mission - Assigned to the Tactical Air Command, the mission of the 152nd Tactical Control Group is to command, organize, equip, and administer the assigned elements of the TACS. This includes radar, Communication equipment, vehicles and support services required to provide the capability to control tactical air operations, including air defense and provide the air space management in a tactical theater of operations any place in the world. Composed of nine units in seven states, the mobile personnel and equipment units are tasked for world-wide deployment in support of joint American and/or Allied nation forces. 106th Civil Engineering - Operation Location The 106 CE-OL arrived on station in 1984. Prior to it's arrival, the 152nd Tactical Control Squadron provided the function of the host unit. The Mission of the 106CE-OL is to provide daily engineering support and host unit functions to the station. It's military mission is to provide civil engineering service and support on a world-wide basis. The 106CE-OL does not possess heavy equipment but obtains these assets as necessary, from it's parent organization, the 106th Civil Engineering Squadron, location at Westhampton Beach, New York. Due to recent manning cuts, the 106CE-OL was disbanded in October 1995, and it's personnel moved to the Westhampton location, or absorbed onto the 213th EIS. Memo for Record Roslyn ANG Station’s Community Support of the Village of East Hills and Roslyn April 1968 – The 152nd TCC made an emergency power unit available to the Village of East Hills, Long Island, NY and thereby helped avert what might otherwise have resulted in suspension of Village operations in the emergency. November 1968 – Roslyn ANG Station once again provided an emergency generator to the East Hills Village Hall and offices, which enabled them to stay in operation. In addition, the station Dining hall and other Roslyn ANG Station facilities were made available to the local residences during the evenings and arrangements were completed for the local populace to sleep in the Station recreation hall in the event of a severe cold. Mayor Fleischer wrote a letter to Col Saul expressing his deepest appreciation for the Station’s quick response. January 1974 – Roslyn ANG Station assists the Town of North Hempstead during a major power outage May 1975 – Members of Roslyn ANG Station participate in the annual Memorial Day Parade held at Roslyn March 1976 – Members of Roslyn ANG Station participated as Color Guard for the Roslyn Public School for the nation’s Bicentennial celebration. January 1978 – Roslyn ANG Station was once again opened to the local community of East Hills, NY after Mayor William Fleischer declares an emergency at 1630hrs on 15 Jan 78. The station was opened to provide local shelter for the local civilian personnel who did not have any heat or electricity due to the ice storm. The emergency ended at 1600 hrs , 18 Jan 78 Jun 1979 – Two members of Roslyn ANG Station assisted local Old Westbury Police at a serious auto accident at Glen Cove Rd and the North Service Rd of the LIE on Saturday, 23 Jun 79 at approximately 0715 hrs. February 1984 – Members of Roslyn ANG Station assisted the Roslyn Heights Elementary School, Parent-Teacher Association in erecting a self-help playground for the local children. Old tires and telephone poles donated by LILCO were used in the construction. November 1987 – Mayor Leonard Nadel of the Village of East Hills, NY wrote a letter of appreciation concerning Roslyn’s overall participation in local events and assisting the community over the years. 1991 – Unit assisted Village of East Hills to remove roadway debris after a serious storm. 1993 – Unit assisted local community of East Hills by completing a construction of a Little League baseball Field.
Royal Blockhouse: 1759, Oneida County, Town of Sylvan Beach. Wood Creek at Eastern end of Lake Oneida. Two story blockhouse with third story watch tower. Surrounded by large earthworks. Abandoned about 1764. Same as Verona Royal Blockhouse entry. [Description of image] Sketch of the blockhouse at the east of Oneida Lake.
Royal Magazin': 1719, Niagara County. Another name for Joncaire's Blockhouseor Fort Joncaire.