Referenced in Drums Along the Mohawk probably another name for Fort Frederick on State Street hill (1676-1789?). Submitted by Cliff Lamere, Albany, NY: "I have only heard of two dates for dimantling the fort; 1784 which is before the Common Council decision to tear it down, and 1789...We know that the land on which the fort rested was deeded to St. Peter's Episcopal Church in 1790"
Fort Alden, 1778, Otsego County, Cherry Valley. Stockade existed and was destroyed in French and Indian War. Replaced Fort Campbell named for Commander of Continental troops there. Named for its first Commander Col. Ichabod Alden it was a stockade with possibly two blockhouses. Attacked 11 Nov 1778 and again April 1780 when the fort was destroyed. Site now marked by monument in Cherry Valley Cemetery.
Amboy Ferry Post
Amboy Ferry Post, 1777, Staten Island. British fortifications on southwestern shore of Staten Island and garrisoned by three companies.
Amersfort Blockhouse, 1630-1660s, Kings County Brooklyn. Dutch, Flatlands section of Brooklyn.
Amherst, Fort (1)
Fort Amherst (1): Another name incorrectly given to Fort Crown Point in recent guidebooks due to its construction by Sir Jeffrey Amherst. Never refered to as such in contemporary 18th Century military correspondence.
Amherst, Fort (2)
Fort Amherst (2): 1759, Warren County, Queensbury. (Initially called Fort Miller). On halfway brook at the halfway point between Ft Edward and Fort Wm Henry / Fort George. A fortified camp in 1757-58. A fort was constructed in 1759. Occupied by the British during the Burgoyne Campaign in 1777. Burned in 1780 in the Carleton raid. Also near this site was a stockaded enclosure known as Seven-mile post, or Halfway Brook Post, from 1755 - 1776, and a stockaded Garrison in 1758.
Amityville Nike Base
Amityville Nike Base (NY-24), 1957-74, Suffolk County, Amityville. Launcher Area for 30 Nike-Ajax Missiles, later converted to 18 Nike-Hercules Missiles, Integrated Fire Control area was Farmingdale. Inactivated 1974. Site on Farmingdale Road, now Zahn Airport, the launch area is a Reserve Center with the missile pits cemented over for a motor pool. All buildings and double fence intact. For more sites see NIKE and for more information see alpha.fdu.edu/~bender/NY24.html (Link will open new window.)
Fort Amsterdam, 1626, New York County, New York. The Dutch West India Company (1621-1791), was a trading and colonizing company chartered by the States-General of the Dutch republic in 1621 and organized in 1623. The company founded (1626) Fort Amsterdam, which grew to be called New Amsterdam (now New York City). British renamed Fort James Aug 1664 until 1687-1703 when it was renamed Fort George. Briefly reoccupied by the Dutch 1673-74 as Fort Willem Hendrick. Destroyed by Americans 1776. On the site of what is now the Old Custom House at the foot of Broadway.
Fort Anne (1), 1711, Washington County, Village of Fort Ann. On the major land route from the Hudson (Fort Edward southern terminus) to forks of Wood Creek (northern terminus) and access to Lake Champlain. Site was first occupied as a fortified camp in 1690 on the way to invade Canada in King William's War, then again in 1692 during another expedition. Queen Anne's war started in 1702 and the site was fortified as Fort Schuyler in 1709 and destroyed the same year. Rebuilt in 1711 as Queen's Fort (2) and then renamed Fort Anne. Both of these were 140 foot square palisades with interior earth fill, two large interior buildings, and 20 foot square bastion on each corner. . Restored again in 1757 and used in the French and Indian War, with the addition of stone arsenal and magazine. Mud Fort, 1769 was nearby in suburb or Needhamville. Used as a temporary Headquarters of Gen Schuyler in 1777. Located on Burgoynes route to Saratoga in 1777 and location of sawmill for Arnold's Lake Champlain Fleet. Destroyed upon withdrawal when Burgoyne reached Skenesboro. Another fort was erected after the Battle of Saratoga but was surrendered and burned in Oct 1780. A reconstruction of a blockhouse from original plans was done in 1954 as a tourist stop, and is now a bank. For more information see www.adirondack.net/TOWNS/FortAnn/ Fort Anne (2), 1703, New York City. See Fort George.
AMTB #11 Battery, 1941-1949, Miller Field, Staten Island. The Anti-Motor-Torpedo-Boat (AMTB) 90mm gun M1 on mount M3 was developed in 1941 to provide a weapon that was effective against fast torpedo boats, aircraft, and land targets. It could be controlled manually or automatically through a remote control system. A protective shield was installed around the gun and allowed crew access and gun loading through the rear. AMTB #12 Battery, 1941-1949, Swinburne Island, NY (adjacent to Hoffman Island in the Narrows). The Anti-Motor-Torpedo-Boat (AMTB) 90mm gun M1 on mount M3 was developed in 1941 to provide a weapon that was effective against fast torpedo boats, aircraft, and land targets. It could be controlled manually or automatically through a remote control system. A protective shield was installed around the gun and allowed crew access and gun loading through the rear. AMTB #19 Battery, 1941-1949, Norton Point (Western tip of Coney Island, Brooklyn). The Anti-Motor-Torpedo-Boat (AMTB) 90mm gun M1 on mount M3 was developed in 1941 to provide a weapon that was effective against fast torpedo boats, aircraft, and land targets. It could be controlled manually or automatically through a remote control system. A protective shield was installed around the gun and allowed crew access and gun loading through the rear. AMTB #21 Battery, 1941-1949, Kings Co., Fort Tilden. The Anti-Motor-Torpedo-Boat (AMTB) 90mm gun M1 on mount M3 was developed in 1941 to provide a weapon that was effective against fast torpedo boats, aircraft, and land targets. It could be controlled manually or automatically through a remote control system. A protective shield was installed around the gun and allowed crew access and gun loading through the rear. The AMTB Battery at Rockaway Point, also known as Breezy Point, was not located inside Fort Tilden, but at the tip of the Rockaway peninsula. This gun battery protected the entrance to Jamaica Bay. Battery #20, consisting of two 3-inch guns Model 1902 mounted on barbette carriages Model 1905 was also located in this vicinity.
Fort Arnold, 1778, Orange County, West Point. Construction started Feb 1778 on point opposite Constitution Island for the West anchor of the 1778 (2nd) West Point chain. Renamed Fort Clinton in 1780 after General Arnold's desertion to the British.
Arnot Barracks, 1860s, Chemung County, Elmira. Used as a Civil War POW Camp.
Camp Arthur, 1862, Staten Island. Civil War Training Camp.
Atlas Sites, 1961, a 12-missile Atlas F ICBM squadron (the 556th Strategic Missile Squadron) became operational 1 October 1961 at Plattsburgh AFB, NY,. The Atlas Fs were removed from alert on 25 June 1965. Ten of these 12 sites are in New York State, the other two in Vermont. The New York sites were at (1) Champlain, (4) Willsboro, (5) Lewis, (6) Au Sable Forks, (7) Riverview, (8) Redford, (9) Dannemora, (10) Brainardsville, (11) Ellenburg Depot, and (12) Mooers. The first Atlas F missile system was built in 1960, after a short operational period, was decommissioned in 1965. These sites were the first of the "super hardened"; missile silos, built to withstand a 200 pound per square inch blast. There is one reported in Saranac Lake area not listed in official records. General Layout: These sites consist of several general elements: Command Building: Two stories 40 feet in diameter. Access was by stairs and through two blast proof doors. Approximately 2,363 square feet of floor space not including stairway or vestibule. Due to the insulation of the earth, heating and cooling needs were minimal. Missile Silo: The missile silo was a huge structure 50 feet in diameter and approximately 185 feet deep. Access was from a 40 foot tunnel leading from the command building stairway. Missile silo had an approximate volume of 363,062 cubic feet. Land: Land typically was 19-21 acres. Originally, the inner 5 acres of these sites were surrounded by a barbed wire topped chain link fence. Status: All sites are now in private ownership, all materials were salavaged before they were sold but the structures remain intact as last reported in 1996. For more Infomation go to www.siloworld.com
Au Fer, Fort
Fort au Fer, 1775, Clinton County, Point au Fer. Located one mile South of Rouses Point on Lake Champlain. A large stone house from 1770 was fortified with cannon and intrenchments in 1775, with additional brick barracks and stockade. Occupied by Burgoyne in 1777, remained in British hands until 1796. The house burned about 1805.
Au Sable Atlas
Au Sable Forks, ATLAS F, Site #6: 1961-65, Essex County, Au Sable Forks. see ATLAS F for detailed information.
Fort Augusta, 1755, Orange County, Port Jervis vicinity. A fort from the Colonial Wars on the Delaware River.
Augustus, Fort William
Fort William Augustus, 1760, St Lawrence County, near Ogdensburg. On island in the St. Lawrence River, British. See Fort Levis.
Aurania Stockade, 1624, Rensselaer County, Rensselaer. Stockaded village of French Protestants located near later Fort Crailo.