Fort Gage, 1758, Warren County, Town of Lake George. About one mile South of Lake George Village, Fort William Henry. Reportedly fortified early in French and Indian War 1758-1759, as a supply base for Fort William Henry. Also used as Lord Howe's advance guard for Abercrombies troops in 1758. Named for Brigadier General Thomas Gage, second in command under Amherst in 1759.
General Gages' Redoubt, 1759, Essex County, Crown Point. Gage's Light Infantry Redoubt is outworks of Fort Crown Point to the South West on the lake shore. Named for General Thomas Gage of the 80th Light Armed Foot. See Fort Crown Point.
Fort Gaines, 1814, Clinton County, Plattsburgh. Added South of Fort Moreau after the Battle of Plattsburgh. Contained 4 Cannon, no buildings. Named for Major General Edmund Gaines. See Plattsburgh Battle Forts for story and map.
Ganagharaga Fort, 1756, Onondaga County, Syracuse. Located about Southwest corner of Route 173 and Route 11. Built by Sir Johnson for protection of Onondaga Indians (see Fort French).
Fort Gansevoort, 1808 or 1812, New York County, New York. Fort at the foot of Gansevoort Street (or between 12th & Gansevort) on the Hudson River, NYC. Refered to as the "White" Fort due to its whitewashing. Had 22 Cannon, demolished about 1849 or 1854.
Gardiner, 1756, Orange County, Gardinersville. Cpt. Richard Gardiner, Frontier Guard, constructed a 100 foot square palisade containing multiple dwellings.
Fort George (1) - 1714, new York County, New York. British renamed Fort Amsterdam (1626) as Fort James Aug 1664, Fort William Henry 1691, Fort Anne or Queen's Fort 1703. Briefly reoccupied by the Dutch 1673-74 as Fort Willem Hendick. Renamed Fort George in 1714. Partially destroyed by a fire in 1741. Captured by Patriots August 1775, the north side bastions and ramparts were destroyed Feb 1776. Demolished in 1790. 2) - September 1755, Oswego County, Oswego. Located in what is now Montcalm Park, Montcalm and West 6th Street. Third of three British Forts at Oswego (along with Forts Oswego and Ontario). Sometimes also called New Fort Oswego, Fort Rascal, and West Fort. Was 170 feet square with a hospital/barracks and barracks buildings. The ramparts were planned to be 20 feet thick of earth and masonry and 12 feet high. In spring 1756 it was only half completed without its cannons installed. Destroyed by Montcalm (French) in August 1756. Only Fort Ontario was rebuilt in 1759. (3) - 1755, Warren County, Village of Lake George. Located just South East of Fort William Henry on higher ground. Established after the Battle of Lake George in 1755. Improvements started in 1759 as base of General Amherst for his advance against French at Ft Ticonderoga, but only one bastion completed. (also buried remains of Ft Wm Henry destroyed 1757). Captured by Col. Romans of the Patriots in May 1775. Abandoned 1777 at Burgoyne's advance. Reoccupied after The Battle of Saratoga until surrendered again in 1780. Now ruins of only the one bastion built. See also "Bloody Pond" for related battle in 1755 and 1780. Click on the following images to enlarge them. (4) - 1777, Staten Island, St. George. British fortified encampment, little known. (5) - 1776, New York County, New York. Was originally Laurel Hill , the site today is known as Fort George Hill, east side of Broadway at 192nd and Audubon Avenue on the west bank of the Harlem River. The Patriots established two redoubts November 1776. Overrun by British Black Watch and Hessians. British expanded works in 1778 to include a blockhouse. Connected to Fort Tryon winter 1779. Named Fort Clinton for a short time, then Fort George. Site now of George Washington High School.
Fort Gibson, 1795, New York County, Ellis Island. NYS acquired Oyster Island, by then known as Ellis Island, from the City of New York in 1794 and started to fortify it in 1795. Ownership was in question and legislation was passed for acquisition by condemnation in 1807. It was then sold it to the Federal Government in 1808. Shortly thereafter the War Department established a twenty-gun battery, magazine, and barracks. Although it did not see action in 1812 it was used as a garrison and POW camp. In 1861 Fort Gibson was dismantled and a naval magazine set up in its place. Used as an ammunition supply depot in the Civil War. In 1890 it was selected for a new Immigration Station and the munitions were removed and the Immigration Station was built. Temporary Coast Guard training station established there in 1939 through 1946 in the Immigrant Building part, due to the Second World War.
Gibson's Battery, 1812-14, Erie County, Buffalo. Located a little South of Ferry Street on the high bank. Armed with three cannon. To its South was Fort Tompkins(3), and to the North was Dudley's Battery. See Buffalo Batteries for a complete listing of batteries in this area.
Glen Blockhouse, 1780s, Montgomery County, Fultonville. Erected in the Town of Glen near close of Revolutionary War. Site on NY Route 5S at Fultonville.
Fort Golgotha, 1782, Suffolk County, Huntington. British works located vicinity of Main Street and Nassau Road. COL Thompson (A Tory with a British commission) dismantled Old First Presbyterian Church and used wood to build a fort on Burying Hill. Named Fort Golgotha, the cemetery was leveled and a six foot earthwork covering two acres was built. Never attacked. The fort was torn down in 1784 and the cemetery restored. Now an archaeological site.
Gookin's Battery, 1812-14, Erie County, Buffalo. Located on high bank near southerly line of future Fort Porter. Armed with one 24 pounder. To its South was Terrace Battery south of present water works, and to the North was Old Sow. See Buffalo Batteries for a complete listing of batteries in this area.
Governor's Island, 1824-1996, Kings County, Brooklyn. First occupied by the Dutch in 1624 with Nooten Eylandt Fort, which was left in 1625 for Fort Amsterdam. During the Revolutionary war it was occupied with a Patriot battery (unnamed) in 1776, then garrisoned by the British (unnamed) 1776-1782. Fort Jay was built in 1794 (named for John Jay, Governor of NY), upgraded 1803 and renamed Fort Columbus, reverted to Fort Jay 1904. Castle William was constructed in 1811 (named for its designer Johnathan Williams, a nephew of Benjamin Franklin), and used for Confederate prisoners 1862-1870. The South Battery was built in 1812. There was an Army Arsenal on the island 1833-1920. A Blockhouse was built in 1840. Used as Headquarters of 2 Corps Department of the East, then Headquarters First US Army. Later a USCG Regional Headquarters, until closure started in 1996, future disposition uncertain.
Grand Island Nike Base
Grand Island Nike Base, (Was NF-74/75 dual site, redesignated NF-41 after conversion to Hercules): Mid 1950s-Mid 1960s, Niagara County, Grand Island. Launcher and Integrated Fire Control Area for Nike-Ajax Missiles. IFC South of White Haven Road now Town Nike Base Park and Senior Citizen Center. Launcher Stanley Road and West River Parkway used as Eco Island Ecology Reserve.
Fort Gray, 1812, Niagara County, Niagara Falls. Located on the top of the Lewiston Escarpment opposite Queenstown. Named for its builder Nicholas Gray. Located on the site of an unnamed 1751 French Blockhouse/Storehouse and an unnamed 1764 British Blockhouse/Storehouse. Attacked and destroyed December 1813.
Great Redoubt, The
The Great Redoubt, 1777, Saratoga County, Bemis Heights. Battle of Saratoga 1777. A British system of fortifications erected to guard the hospital, artillery park, supplies and a float bridge located on the river flats. After the American attacks of 7 October on the Balcarres and Breymann Redoubts, the British withdrew to these positions. On 8 October they buried General Fraser and withdrew towards Old Saratoga where they surrendered on 17 October. For more information see www.revolutionaryday.com/usroute4/saratoga/tour9.htm
Camp Greenburgh, 1777, Westchester County, Hartsdale, Ridge Road. Temporary Revolutionary War Headquarters for French Army.
Greenbush Cantonment, 1663-1690 and 1812-1831, Rensselaer County, East Greenbush. 1863- Early small stockaded fort, three miles east of Village of Greenbush, no further information on this. 1812- The US Government purchased a 400 acre post as the Headquarters of the Northern Division of the US Army in May 1812 from tenant farmers, and concluded a valid purchase in Sep 1813. The Cantonment construction started May 1812 and contained accomodations for 4000 troops and a 100 bed hospital. Facilities included Eight Barracks 252 X 22 feet two stories high, four on each side of a parade ground 1/2 mile wide. Three 90 foot long buildings, two stories for Officers, on opposite ends of the parade. Also two large Commissary buildings, arsenal, armory, guard houses, stables, farrier, magazine, laboratories, Genral and Field Grade Quarters, and hospital buldings. Declared surplus May 1819, purchased in May 1831 by McCulloch. McCulloch established his house in the Northeast Officers Quarters and all other structures were removed. That one Officer Barracks remains standing, and Red Mill School occupies the former grand parade grounds.
(1) August 1776, Kings County, Brooklyn. A star shaped fort with a well and two magazines mounting six guns, 300 yards left (north) of Fort Box. Largest in Brooklyn, it held a Regiment. Named for General Nathanael Greene. Site above Bond Street between State and Schermerhorn. One of a line of entrenchment's for the Battle of Long Island from Fort Box at marshes near Gowanus Bay to Fort Greene to Oblong Redoubt to Fort Putnam to Left Redoubt at Wallabout Bay. Each work was a complete entity surrounded with a wide ditch, sides lined with pointed stakes, and each had sally-ports. Most of the line also had abatises. After British capture may have been named Fort Sutherland November 1778, improvements made in 1782. Used again in the War of 1812 renamed Fort Masonic. (2) 1812, Kings County, Brooklyn. War of 1812 fort on site of Fort Putnam 1776. Details requested. Now Fort Greene Park.
Grenadier's Battery: April 1776, New York County, New York. A circular battery on bank of Hudson River near Washington and Harrison Streets, with a line or breastworks along the river to Hubert Street. 1780, in British hands the Battery was reconstructed into a redoubt and renamed Foundry Redoubt.
Grenadier's Redoubt: 1759 Essex County, Crown Point. Outworks to the East of Fort Crown Point on the lake shore. See Fort Crown Point.
Griffiss Air Force Base
Griffiss Air Force Base: 1941, Oneida County, Rome. The site was selected in May 1941, but construction didn't begin until August 1941. The base opened for beneficial occupancy on 2 February 1942. The 416th Wing was redesignated in June 1992 as the 416th Bomb Wing and inactivated on 30 September 1995--at the same time the base realigned. In 1995, the DOD activated the Defense Finance and Accounting Service - Rome at Griffiss. Griffiss Air Force Base: 1941, Oneida County, Rome. Construction on 2,488 acres started in May 1941. Rome Air Depot became operational August 1941. The depot changed names 13 times before it was named for Lt.Col. Townsend E. Griffiss of Buffalo, the first American to die in Europe during WW2. Redesignated Rome Air Material Area 1959, and material part phased out in 1967. HOST CMDs: Air Material Command (AMC)(later Air Force Logistical Cmd) was host command 1941-1951. Host was then Air Research and Development Command 1951-1954, and then AMC again in 1954. Headquarters Ground Electronics Engineering Installation Agency came in 1958 and became host in 1968. The 416th became host in 1970 until closure 1993. LAB: Watson Laboratories moved here 1951 and renamed Rome Air Development Center, renamed Rome Laboratory 1990. COMBAT UNITS: 1st Interceptor Group 1950-51. 4727th Air Defense Group 1957-59. 49th Fighter Squadron 1959-1987. 4039th Strategic Wing 1959, redesignated 416th Bombardment Wing 1963, redesignated 416th Wing 1991, relocated 1993. NEADS: Headquarters 24th North American Air Defense Region located here 1983. With closure the North American Air Defense Sector mission was assigned to the New York Air National Guard. CLOSURE: Identified for closure in 1993. All units relocated except NEADS and Rome Laboratory. Airfield closed 1998. Thank you to Mark Stanley, historian for the 416th Bomb Wing at Griffiss AFB from 1991-1995.
Guenther, Camp (F. L.)
Camp (F. L.) Guenther: 1901, Erie County, Buffalo. Military encampment on Pan-American Exposition Grounds.