Corydon O. Warner Collection: Set 3
Set 3: Warner Family Reunion (24 Pages)
Donated By Suzanne Warner Jackson
Transcribed By Helen Kyle
Note: The museum does not have copies of the originals.
A PDF file of this set is here.
Just [illegible] on board boat on Hudson river Monday evening Oct 21, 1861 There was 3 [illegible] of folks at the barracks to day, bidding adieu to their friends. In the afternoon it started, received our orders at State Steet and marched on board of the boat and started a little before sundown. Oct 22. Arrived in New York about 10 this morning. Departed[?] at 14th at about 1 and marched down Broadway to the park barracks and took dinner. Saw Aunt Cordelia a few minutes went on guard at 8 and staid till 8.
Wensday Oct 23
[illegible] it received our new minie rifles. At 8 PM marched down to the Jersey city ferry, crossed and took the cars and started for Philadelphia. At New Brunswick the citizens had prepared a supper for us but we were so late starting there did not get it.
Thursday, Oct 24th
we arrived in Philadelphia about 4 AM where there was a good breakfast prepared for us. We got into the cars again at 6 but did not get started till 8. We arrived in Baltimore just at dark and got started for Washington at 8 and arrived there at 12.
Friday Oct 25th.
We got into the soldiers retreat about 1 AM. and laid down and slept till morning. After dinner we formed in and marched for Kalorana[?] [illegible] and got our tents pitched about dark. Wrote part of a letter and turned in for the night.
Saturday Oct 26.
Spent all of the for-noon fixing up our tents covering the floor with small cedar twigs. In the afternoon just as we were expecting supper the order came to pack up and start for Virginia. About 8 PM we were told that raiders[?] could not be prepared in time, but that we must be prepared to start in the morning.
Sunday Oct 27.
We were informed this morning that we should not leave till Monday morning, and must be ready to strike tents at 8 AM. Attended service at 10 in the [illegible] and in the afternoon went out into the reeds[?]for a little time.
Monday Oct 28th. I was so cold this morning time I [illegible] at an early [illegible]. About 8 or 9 we took our march to [illegible] Hill where we were reviewed with 10 other regts. From there we marched through Georgetown to our encampment in Old Hireiris[?] on Halls Hill.
At the review on Captial Hill I saw General Scott, the first time I ever saw him.
Tuesday Oct. 29th
to day we have had little to do except to fix up our tents. I feel pretty sore and stiff from yesterdays march. Some say we shall leave here tomorrow but I think[?] not. Charley Fox came over to see us to say he is in the Plat N-Y-S on Monces Mill.
Nothing of interest occured to day. this afternoon went out on [illegible] drill with the other regiments.
This afternoon we were reviewed by Brigadier General Butterfield. It seems strange that we should be [illegible] fine weather as we have had since we left Albany.
Friday Nov 1st.
This morning I was detailed to go on guard. This evening it looks like rain.
Saturday Nov 2.
It commensed raining last night and rained thru all night and all to day almost without cessation. It stopped a little just at night and we need cedar boughs to cover the floor of our tent. Soldiering is not much fun[?] in such weather as this.
I relieved Sam Steele for a couple of hours on guard this morning. It cleared up last night and we had quite a pleasant day. I did not attend service to day and I do not [illegible] as there was any I did not hear any [illegible].
Monday Nov 4th.
Henry and Adelbert are both quick sick this morning. We are now clearing a piece of ground for drilling.
Tuesday Oct 5th.
We received a scolding from the General to day. He said he did not co[?] up to the snuff[?] we had received. I think it will do us good. I received 3 letters to night for which I was very glad.
Wensday Nov 6th.
This morning it was rainy but cleared up before noon. We expected a review by Gen. McClalan but for some reason he did not come. Went out on battalion drill this afternoon. This evening it is raining again.
Thursday Nov 7th.
This afternoon we were excused from drilling and had a chance to do some washing. It was quite cold to day. this evening is very pleasant. Henry is quite sick to night I am almost afraid, dangerously.
Friday Nov 8th
To day has been quite warm and pleasant. This evening is very fine and not cold. This afternoon Henry seemed a little better but does not feel as good this evening. this is a hard place to be sick in.
Saturday Nov 9th 1861
To day we were reviewed by Gen. McClellan, together with 3 other brigades on regt of cavalry and 3 companies of artillery. Soon after we got there it commenced raining and a sorry time we had of it. I hope when Gen McClellan wants to see us again he will take a pleasant day for it.
Sunday Nov 10th
to day has been very pleasant, but instead of going to church I spent most of the forenoon cleaning my gun. in the afternoon went over to the 21st regt to get some farina and arrow root for Henry.
Monday Nov 11th
Henry is a little better to day and ate some of the farina made into gruel.
Tuesday Nov 12th
To day has been warm and pleasant. We had the usual battalion drill. Henry is feeling much better and to night ate a little peice of toast.
Wensday Nov 13th
This has been pay day and we have not had to drill much. The paymaster has not got around to our company yet.
Thursday Nov 14th
We have received our pay it has been quite a warm day, but this evening it is raining. Friday Nov 15th. It has been rainy to day and we have not had to drill. Nothing of consequence has happened. I put XXX $5.00 in the mail for Aunt C to send me a paper.
Saturday Nov 16.
It cleared up last night but with a very cold wind and it has been cold all day. Tomorrow we are to be inspected by the General, and have had the afternoon to slick up, and have made more preparation against the cold by putting down boughs in our tent.
Sunday Nov 17th.
All this forenoon was spent in inspection and a cold time we had of it. The wind blew hard and cold all of the time. We have no tent for church services and it was too cold for out doors, so we had none.
Monday Nov 20th.
To day I am on guard. This is a most beautiful moonlight evening, very pleasant in camp, but I imagine I should enjoy it more at home. I put $5.00 in the mail this morning to send home.
Tuesday Nov 19th.
After guard mounting to day we went target shooting. In the afternoon the new fatigue suits were given out so that we might shine in review tomorrow.
Wensday Nov 20
To day we marched from here (Halls Hill) to the parade ground near Munsons Hill Where we were reviewed it is said there were 25000 troops there. President Lincoln was one of the reviewers.
Thursday Nov 21
This afternoon the regt went out target shooting but I was absent when they fell in so did not go.
Friday Nov 22
I am on guard again to day. Received a long letter from home.
Saturday Nov 23.
This morning was cold rainy and unpleasant to be on guard but it cleared up about 10 AM.
Sunday Nov 24
To day we have had the usual inspection. This afternoon church service. The wives of the Col and Capt Larabee came into camp this afternoon. This evening and it snows a little.
Monday Nov 25
last night was the coldest we have had, the ground was frozen quite hard this morning. One of Co Cs boys was buried this morning, there has been 7 deaths in the last week 6 here one at Washington.
Tuesday Nov 25
To day passed pretty much as usual, though this afternoon we went out target shooting. We are told to be in preparation to start at any time. To night indeed the officers seem to think we shall be called out.
Wensday Nov 27.
This morning when we were out on battalion drill the Col formed us in a hollow square, and the the adjutant read the thanksgiving proclomation, and the Col told us we should have a holiday tomorrow.
Thursday Nov 28.
To day is thanksgiving, at home and a holiday here but unfortunately I am detailed to wait on the cooks and so I have lost the season[?]. In honor of the day we bought some oysters and had an oyster dinner. I sincerely hope we may all spend the next Thanksgiving at home.
Friday Nov 29
To day has passed as usual to night it is dark and rainy.
Saturday Nov 30
I am on guard to day. this is a warm and pleasant evening. The Col excused all from drill to day and gave them permission to fix up their tents, but all of our boys are sick and so nothing is done.
Sunday Dec 1 1861
To day we had inspection before guard mounting and I did not get off till nearly noon. It does not seem much like Sunday all of the boys are chopping and digging fixing their tents.
Monday Dec 2.
Last night it froze the hardest it has since we have been here. This afternoon Dell and I went at it and split out some rails to fix our tent.
Tuesday Dec 3
This afternoon we were excused from drill at 3 oclock so that we might have a chance to rest, as it was rather expected that we might be called out. This morning 500 cavalry passed our camp. I suppose they intend to drive in the pickets.
Wensday Dec 4.
Our leisure time to day has been occupied in banking up our tent which we got set up yesterday afternoon. This afternoon we went on brigade drill. The gen kept us on double quick all of the time.
Thursday Dec 5.
This afternoon we spent out target shooting. We expected our stove which we sent for yesterday but it did not come.
Friday Dec 6.
Our stove came this morning, and we can write in comfort by it. This evening two of our boys are away on guard so we are not crowded.
Saturday Dec 7.
To day I was on guard again. This morning was foggy but this afternoon is warm and pleasant. To day the boys have holiday again. It is just my luck to get on guard such days.
Sunday Dec 8.
To day it has been very pleasant. I did not get off guard till nearly noon. Part of the afternoon spent in sleep and part in writing home.
Monday Dec 9.
This afternoon we were suddenly ordered to stack our arms, fill our canteens and put a days rations in our haversacks and come back to our area again. After we had got this done we were sent back to take them off again and we went to drilling again.
Tuesday Dec 10.
This afternoon we went out target shooting. It has been a most beautiful warm day, more like September than Dec.
Wenesday Dec 11.
This morning we did not go out to drill, but were told to be ready to march at any time. I begin to doubt there being any Rebels.
Thursday Dec 12
To day Sam and I are on guard. It is pleasant and not very cold.
Friday Dec 13.
This afternoon Sam and I were put in the guard house, because we had no written excuse from drill, but we were excused in a short time
Saturday Dec 14.
Hank Hotchkiss and Dell have gone on picket all of the rest have been doing police duty and we have been fixing up our tents.
Sunday Dec 15th.
To day Sam was detailed to go on guard but as he was not feeling well I took his place. This morning I thought it would rain before night, but it is warm and pleasant.
Monday DEc 16.
The boys came in from picket, thry brought no news of interest
Tuesday Dec 17.
This afternoonxx we went out on brigade drill. We had a sham battle, sent out skirmishers and firing with cannon and muskets.
WENSDAY DEC 18
To day I have been engaged in police duty. It has been a pleasant day but to night it is cloudy and looks like rain.s.
THURSDAY DEC 19
This forenoon I was excused from duty because I worked yesterday afternoon when the rest were excused. This evening I was told I must go on picket tomorrow.
FRIDAY DEC 20
This morning was warm enough to make me sweat some marching out here. We are very comfortably quartered in a barn. It does not seem any nearer to an enemy than when we were in camp.
SATURDAY DEC 21
To day it is rather colder, though the sun shines brightly. One would not suppose this country had been settled so long as it appears to have been, for I am sitting by three graves on the rough headstones of which are rudely carved 1778 and 1788.
SUNDAY DEC 22
We were releived from picket and started for our camp a little before noon and reached it about 2 PM. The air was chilly but it was pleasant maching. This evening it is raining.
MONDAY DEC 23
It rained all last night and to day it still continues. It is quite cold almost snowing. This afternoon or evening it has cleared up but the wind is blowing terribly.
TUESDAY DEC 24
We went out drilling this morning but had not drilled long before the Col came out and dismissed us to prepare for dress parade.
WENSDAY DEC 25
This afternoon the boys had a grand sham dress parade. They came out in all sorts of outlandish dress and arms and made fools of themselves to the infinite pleasure of the spectators[?]
THURSDAY DEC 26
To day I am on guard again. I guess they think I am good at it.
FRIDAY DEC 27
To day I received a long letter from sister Lettie and a christmas present of a pincushion.
SATURDAY XXXXXX DEC 28
to day was likeall other days in camp, nothing out drilling
To day the usual inspection. Tiresome days, sundays are here I had as soon hear a man snore as our chaplain preach. He says he will leave if we do not turn out to service better. I do not think many will care.
To day we went on brigade drill and sham battle, chasing the supposed enemy some 2 miles and then had to walk back.
TUESDAY DEC 31
The last day of 61. How many changes I have passed through. One year ago I was attending school drawing pleasure from the po poets who live 1800 years ago. Since then I have spent many happy hours on the farm and in the garden, and now a soldier far from home battling to uphold our country.
WENSDAY JAN 1, 1862
To day the first of the new year. how different from a year ago when I never should have thought of being in this place or living in such a manner. To day I such[?] guard, it has been very windy and the dust instead of snow flies terribly. This PM the boys had a burlesque dress parade for amusement.
MONDAY JAN 13
To day we are on picket at Barrets house on the Leesburg turnpike. The weather is pretty good for picketing, but it looks as we should have a storm.
TUESDAY JAN 14
last night about 11 oclock it commenced snowing and continued stormyall night and all day to day. However it does not seem so unpleasant as I expected. We went down in the woods and built some large fires and had a good time generally.
WENSDAY JAN 15
To day while coming in from picket it rained all the time at the same time freezing, making the march anything but pleasant. However after getting in changing clothes and washing up I felt better.
THURSDAY JAN 18
This morning the ground was frozen quite hard, but during the day it thawed making it very sloppy. We had dress parade at 2 oclock and then the companies began to fall in for their pay. This is a most splendid moonlight evening. I would like to take a sleigh ride in New York.
FRIDAY JAN 17
To day it is thawing again and is becoming quite muddy. This afternoon we received our pay. I received three letters to night, one from home, one from Uncle P, and one for aunt C.
SATURDAY JAN 18
To day it has been rather warm but cloudy. Henry is on guard to night. It is beginning to rain.
SUNDAY JAN 19
It rained last night nearly all the time, and this morning it still continues I am excused from guard of the spring to report again at 7 in the morning, for once I am lucky on guard.
MONDAY JAN 20
To day has been rainy and unpleasant. No drilling and no reading but novels which though interesting are useless. This evening I received a letter from my old friend Baxter Merwin.
TUESDAY JAN 21
To day has been rainy and of course no drilling.
wenesday jan 22
To day it has not rained but it has become too muddy to drill. A part of the day I was occupied in writing to Baxter.
THURSDAY JAN 23
To day we have had no drilling but this afternoon we had dress parade. This evening have been writing to Uncle P.
FRIDAY JAN 24
This forenoon we had Co drill, and this afternoon brigade drill. This afternoon I received a letter from home. they are always acceptable. To night it is raining again.
SATURDAY JAN 25
The rain last night turned into snow and sleet, but to day it is warm and thawing rapidly making it very muddy again.
SUNDAY JAN 26
To day we have had the usual inspection. A part of the day I have been occupied in writing hope. This evening we have been talking of old times. It is a most beautiful evening.
MONDAY JAN 27
To day Henry and I made a short visit on a pass to the 21st. This evening the boys raised a flagstaff and flag by the light of a bonfire of cedar boughs. It was a fine night, the flag going gracefully up by the light of the fires[?] and the band playing the Star Spangled Banner.
To day it has been rainy and unpleasant. Henry is on guard and he thinks he has a rather hard time of it but I think I have seen a worse one, for this evening it has stopped raining and I think will not rain any more.
WENSDAY JAN 29
To day I am on guard muddy rainy and unpleasant. It still grows muddier and muddier and moving about is anything but pleasant.
THURSDAY JAN 30
To day it is raining again. Dell is on guard and he will have a more unpleasant time if possible than I did yesterday.
FRIDAY JAN 31
To day it has been more pleasant. We have none of us received any letters to night and we all expected some a friday night has not passed since we have been in camp that I did not get some.
saturday FEB 1
Last night there was quite a fall of snow. To day it is warm and rainy making it making it very muddy again. To night we all got our hearts desires. Letters.
SUNDAY FEB 2
To day had the usual inspection, but no sermon did I hear though the chaplain preached his last in the sutlers[?] old tent, but there was no room for me to sit inside and I did not care to stand out side. A poor excuse is better than none.
MONDAY FEB 3
It has been snowing quite fast nearly all day, and we have got almost enough for sleighing. I have been on DETACHED DUTY that is fetching water for the cooks.
TUESDAY FEB 4
To day was warm and thawing. This evening Charley Fox is at our camp and is going to spend the night with us.
WENSDAY FEB 5
This forenoon we went out target shooting and did not get back till 2 PM. in the afternoon we had dress parade, and the orders were read that we should go on picket tomorrow.
THURSDAY FEB 6
This morning was rainy but on picket we had to go. It stopped soon after we got to headquarters, and it has not been as bad as it might be.
FRIDAY FEB 7
THIS AFTERNOON I came down to a house near headquaters to get something to eat, and here I sit by a bright fire writing. How pleasant it seems. I have eaten a supper sitting at a table and eating off of clean plates! a rarity indeed.
SATURDAY FEB 8
We had quite a pleasant time, though muddy marching into camp. Where we arrived in good time. Found there a letter from home and one from uncle P.
SUNDAY FEB 9
This morning feeling unwell. I was excused from inspection. This PM the time was occupied in writing home and to Aunt C.
This forenoon we were out target shooting and did not get back till nearly 2 oclock.
This morning we went target shooting and this PM we drilled. This evening we have glorious news from the Burnside expedition, and we most needs[?] have music from the band and speeches from the Cols all of which we got and paid for in loud hurrahs.
WENSDAY 12 To day our Co is on guard. I am orderly at the generals. It quite a pleasant day and I am having an easy time of it.
This afternoon we have been out target shooting. To night we have orders to be ready to march at 5 tomorrow morning what for I do not know.
FRIDAY FEB XX 1862
We were out in line and started before daylight. We marched out to Hunters mills, beyond Vienna, and came back to that place, where we set quite a body of troops out no Rebels. We got back to camp a little after dark. It was our first long march, and we were pretty tired.
To day I feel somewhat sore from our long march. The least Col says it was 28 miles. To day it has been snowing quite hard. To night we have more cheering news, from Tenesee. The capture of fort Donelson and 1500 prisoners. Bully for that.
Today we had inspection of guns and cartridge boxes, but not of knapsacks. It has been quite cold though the snow has been melting some. Spent most of the day in writing letters.
To day the report of the capture of Fort Donelson was confirmed and guns fired in honor of it and the whole brigade treated to whiskey. It all came out of the Government I suppose. Dell tripped ours over accidentally[?] and so we did not have any. This afternoon we got a box from home with butter fruit &c.
This afternoon we went out target shooting. There is a report that Savannah is taken. This evening I received a letter from Oscar.
To day has been rainy and unpleasant making plenty of mud again.
To day has been very pleasant, much like spring. I have been bringing water for the cooks. xxxxxxxxxxxxx Gen. McClelan was out to night and witnessed our boys perform the bayonet exercise and afterwards walked through the camp. He was loudly cheered as he went.
This forenoon we went out target shooting. We shot 400 yards. I went and stood near the target to see when the shots hit. It was fine music to hear the balls whistle, but I hardly think it would be so pleasant if the shots were aimed at me.
To day has been rainy again. Have been employed in writing and studying.
SUNDAY FEB 23 1862
To day it was so muddy we had no inspection. This afternoon it is warm and pleasanter. Our new chaplain preached to us this afternoon.
This morning was quite warm and springlike. Went out target shooting but before we were through the wind blew so hard we had to quit. the wind blew so hard as to blow down some of the tents and it continued windy till midnight.
This morning the ground was frozen hard, we had company drill in the forenoon and battalion drill in the afternoon.
To day we struck our tents and aired them. Our camp resembled a city after a fire for awhile, but after we commenced to rebuild it resumed its usual apearance in a few minutes.
Since last night we have been under marching orders and expecting every hour to move, and to night we shall sleep on our arms as we shall probably march before morning.
The night has passed and day also and we are still at our old encampment, and appear likely to be for the present. Last night was clear but cold and windy.
SATURDAY MARCH 1
To day I am on guard. This is a bright sunny day. This forenoon the wind blew out it has calm down now. This evening it is clear and pleasant.
SUNDAY MARCH 2
Our boys went on picket to day. This afternoon we have had quite afall of snow. It always storms when our regt goes on picket.
To day it is rainy and unpleasant. The 9th Mass regt passed here to day following the corpse of one of their number. Taking it to Washington I suppose to be sent home.
To day is pleasant again. The boys came in from picket about noon.
To day was cool but pleasant. Went out on Co drill.
THURSDAY MARCH 6
To day was cool though thawing. We went out on battalion drill in the forenoon.
To day has been pleasant. This forenoon we went on knapsack and brigade drill in the forenoon. No letters from home to night our usual call night.
To day has been very pleasant. This forenoon we had co drill. This afternoon Henry and I washed.
SUNDAY 9 to day has been very pleasant. I attended church this afternoon and heard the chaplain of the 83 Pa preach.
MONDAY 10 Centerville Va
Last night I little thought I should be so far from camp Butterfield. Last night I had just got to sleep when we were called out to get cartridges. We started about 1 and got to and got to Fairfax Ch about 8. Started from there at noon and reached here at 3 and found the place deserted.
FAIRFAX CH MARCH 11
This morning we spent in looking around the works at Centerville about noon we packed up and started back for this place, where we arrived about 4, and picthed our ponchos and got strat to put in them. I think we shall have a very good night of it.
To day I am on guard and expect I shall have the first experience of lying out of doors. It is quite warm and pleasant.
Last night Sam came into camp. To day we drilled some.
After we got to sleep last night Henry came into camp. He is used up to day and I think will not be able to march with us tomorrow. We are to start at 6 in the morning.
Camp near Alexandria. We got started a little after 6 tis morning. We had first rate going at first but about 10 it commenced to rain harder till we got to this camp in sight of the Potomac. And has been raining hard since. We expect to spend the night here.
It has cleared up this morning but the air is raw and cold. Wrote letter home.
MONDAY MARCH 17 1862
This afternoon "we packed up our duds and took them on our backs" all of us expecting we were going down the river, but we only had marched half a mile and bivouacked.
To day we marched about a mile and then had a brigade drill with knapsacks. We passed near the Alexandria seminary, it is a fine building and in a pleasant place.
WENSDAY 19 This afternoon we had battalion drill. To night it looks very much like rain.
Last night it rained all night. Our poncho tents are anything but water tight however we did not get very wet in ours. To day it has been hazy and rainy all day.
Last night before 12 it rained. At 1 we heard the seargeants call. They were told to get three days rations cooked and be ready to embark at 9 AM. We were ready but did not start till 1. We got on board about 3 and moved out into the riverand anchored and here we lie.
It rained again last night but this morning the sun shines bright and I think we shall have a nice day. 11 PM All of the fleet have come to and [illegible] anchored.
We started again about half past 4. It has been a very pleasant day. We arrived at Fortress Monroe about 4 PM, and for awhile expected to go ashore, but we are to stay aboard.
We landed on the wharf by the fort at 9 or 10 this morning and marhed out beyond the ruins of the little village of Hampton and bivouacked.
This morning we struck our tents and marched about 3 miles and pitched them again in the woods.
This afternoon we had a short battalion drill. We continue to have most beautiful weather.
THURSDAY MARCH 27 1862
This morning we started on the march for Big Bethel and arrived there at 12 and planted our colors on the earth works with out resistance. We drew up within half a mile of the works expecting it.
We had brigade drill to night after dress parade, but the Col was absent and it did not go off very well.
Had a battalion drill this forenoon. This afternoon it has been trying to rain and looks now as if it would make it out.
To day it has been rainy and my luck to be on guard. It seems anything but like sunday. Our camp is almost overflowed with water.
This morning I got a most welcome letter from home. We have moved out our camp across the road onto the flat which is much drier.
TUESDAY APRIL 1
Henry and Perry came into camp to day. It has been pleasant and we have seen drilling.
Pleasant weather and plenty of drilling. got a letter from Aunt C and one from Uncle Fisk.
Had a thundershower last night. To day has been very hot. Had noo drill but Co this morning, as we are to march tomorrow.
Started on the march at an early hour. Passed Big Bethel a little afternoon. Heard firing in the distance about 4 PM. came to some quite extensive earthworks of the rebels from which they had been shelled by Capt Griffin, if they had any cannon they must have been removed before.
Started from our last nights camp, about 7 this morning. We are now within 2 or 3 miles of Yorktown, and within a mile of some of the forts. Our batteries have been firing on them since 9 this morning. We have lost a few men. all is quiet this evening. Prof Lowe made a baloon ascension just after sundown.
SUNDAY APRIL 6, 1862
To day has been quite still very little firing. The balloon was up half of the forenoon making observations. received a letter from home and answered it. The day has been pleasant.
Notwithstanding we all thought the morning would commence a battle. the day has been xxxx quiet. The weather has been lowery and to night it is beginning to rain.
Last night it rained all of the time and most of to day. All has seemed quiet in the direction of Yorktown. To night it is raining.
To day has been like the past, rainy lowery and unpleasant. I have been quite sick to day, the first since I left home.
Last night it rained again, but it has cleared up now, and there is a prospect of good weather. To day our brigade moved back nearly a mile, for what purpose I do not know.
This afternoon our regt was called out in a hurry to support the pickets, which the enemy were trying to drive in. But the enemy were driven back and our boys did not march.
To day our regt is on picket. I did not go with them not being well enough. The day has been pleasant and quiet.
To day has been very pleasant. Received a welcome letter from home and one from aunt C, both of which I answered. We have now been lying before Yorktown a week and nothing has been done yet. That is no attack has been made.
To day our Co is on guard. The weather is pleasant.
This morning there was appearances of rain but it cleared up. This is a most beautiful evening. Everything continues as quiet as it did in camp at Halls Hill.
WENSDAY apRIL 16 1862
To day has been pleasant. This afternoon we had brigade drill. There has been a good deal of firing to day, and at intervels the boom of cannon rises on the still evenings air. We were called out in great haste this evening just at dark but after half an hour we were dismissed.
The weather still continues pleasant. There has not been as much firing to day as there was yesterday. There is some this evening. We have been expecting all day to go on picket tomorrow but word has just come that we are not to go.
Last night there was a great deal of heavy firing. Our regt was called out but the order was countermanded before the companies were formed. To day has been still, and this evening so far, the weather still continues pleasant.
To day I have been quite unwell. It has been looking much like rain all day, but none has fallen as yet. There has not been much firing to day. Our regt goes on picket tomorrow but I hardly think I shall be able to go.
It rained hard all last night and to day the boys have a rough time on picket.
The boys came in from picket this morning. This has been a dreary rainy day.
To day has been showery and sunshiny. Once this afternoon there was some heavy firing but it lasted only a minute or so.
To day our regt went to work on the road. This has been a pleasant day. Not much firing.
To day we have been laying out streets and pitching new tents. Our Co goes on to night.
To day has been cold and windy with some rain. It is bad enough living in these huts in pleasant weather. But in such weather it is certainly worse. We were paid off [illegible] at night.
SATURDAY APRIL 26 1862
To day has been rainy cold and unpleasant. Had enough.
To day has been cloudy but no rain. Our regt went out to night to protect a battery I suppose, but I did not feel able to be out all night and so did not go.
To day has been pleasant, nothing of interest.
Our regt is on picket to day, I did not feel well enough to go out. The rebels have fired shells all day, many falling near our pickets mortally wounding one of our Co D Gurnsey from Evans. He was liked by all.
To day has been cloudy and this afternoon some rain has fallen. Gurnsey is still alive. Our regt was mustered in for pay to day.
THURSDAY MAY 1
To day has been pleasant. Our regt goes out to support a battery. Gurnsey died at 9 PM.
To day has been pleasant nothing of interest has occurred. The rbels have fired a good many shells but without much if any effect.
To day has been very pleasant. The rebels have fired a great deal to day, our batteries have replied to them some. The balloon on the other side of the ravine went up at night and at once drew their fire. Received a letter from home with Letties likeness. Gurney was buried this morning.
To day has been full of interest. We were awakened early this morning to go to work in the trenches, but before we got there we heard that Yorktown xxxx was evacuated. Then we went back and packed our knapsacks and marched to Yorktown and went on guard and just at night 3 companies came over to Gloucester point where we now are.
To day has been rainy. We have been busy fixing up some quarters to stay in while here. There has been heavy firing up the river what it is we do not know.
TUESDAY MAY 6
To day has been pleasant. This afternoon came back to Yorktown, and had to clean up the dirty quarters of the rebels to sleep in.
WENSDAY 7 To day have been busy fixing up our quarters and looking round. Found half a barrel of flour, some beans, rice and other eatables. I think we may fat up if we stay here long enough. I go on guard this evening.
To day has been pleasant last night was more[?] but tiresome standing guard 4 hours at a time.
The weather still continues pleasant. Nearly all of the houses in town are filled with the sick and wounded.
Still pleasant. Our mail to night went on to West Point, so I missed my accustomed letter. We have pitched tents up town and tomorrow we shall have to move.
This morning at 7 we had inspection. At 11 divine service. All the rest of the day has been occupied in moving. I am on guard to night.
To day has been pleasant. The general sent some prisoners to open the magazine on the water battery but nothing wrong was found.
Still pleasant, nothing of interest.
Has been looking like rain but has only sprinkled a little. I am on guard to night.
To day has been rainy and it still continues. It is currently reported that Richmond is captured.
Spent this forenoon in rambling[?] along the fortifications, saw nothing of interest. The day has been warm and pleasant.
Today escorted some prisoners to the dock to be sent to Fortress Monrow. Am on guard to night. It is reported that we may leave here Monday to join the army.
SUNDAY 18 1862
Last night I was lucky enough to have a post from which the guard was excused, so I had to stand only 4 hours. The day has been pleasant.
To day has been spent in cooking rations and getting ready to march. To night we marched down to the boat and went on board.
We started at an early hour up the river (York) arrived at White House landing about 10 AM but did not land till 4 PM marched along the RR about 3 miles and bivouaoked.
We started at an early hour this morning and xxx marched about 6 miles and bivouacked.
Started on the march again to day and marched till we were well tired how far I do not know.
To day we have remained in the place where we encamped last night. It is a pleasant place, and a mill pond near by affords a nice place for bathing.
We remain in the same camp. The day has been rainy and unpleasant.
To day has been pleasant but cool almost cold.
This morning broke up camp and started early but went only a couple of miles and bivouacked. I am on guard to night it looks like rain.
Last night was a rainy nasty one. Our boys were called out with 60 rounds and 7 days rations. The forenoon xxxx was very bad but afternoon and evening pleasant. Heard heavy firing in direction of Richmond. It is reported to be on fire but no signs of it to be seen here this evening.
This morning some of our boys came into camp badly scared and reported the 44th all out to pecies[?] but they seem to be more scared than hurt for orders have come in to send out the kettles[?] and I shall go with them to night.
THURSDAY MAY 29 1862
Started last night to join the regt marched some 10 or 12 miles and spent the rest of the night in an old school house. Started again in the morning and came up with the regt about 10 am. Passed the battle ground and saw the graves of 20 of our regt. 6 more have died to day. We start for camp again to day.
Started from Hanover at 4 PM yesterday. got into camp at 3 this morning. This afternoon terrible thunder storm. lightning struck in camp killing quartermaster Howlett and exploding box of ammunition burning another soldier severely.
To day has been rainy and cloudy. here has been a good deal of firing near the effect do not know. Order given to night to have three days rations cooked. Battle Fair Oaks.
SUNDAY JUNE 1
We were called out last night to support some bridge builders. Remained near the river all this forenoon. Came back to camp to get our blankets and food and then back to the river again, but were sent back to camp again.
last night we were allowed to sleep in quiet to day has been still.
To day we were on picket at the tobaco house of FF Gaines near the river. There is plenty of tobaco and we have nothing to do but make cigars.
It rained all night and half this forenoon, but we were very comfortable untill we started for camp, however the rain stopped soon after we got there.
To day has been cloudy and cool. Went over to the hospital to see Willie and Perry. Signed the pay roll.
To day received our pay I sent home 20 dollars by Willie. am on guard to night.
Nothing of interest to day. Toward night had a heavy shower.
To day has been pleasant. wrote a letter hope. our chaplain is gone so we have no service.
MONDAY JUNE 9 1862
To day we are on picket. It is cool and pleasant. There has been some artillery firing by the enemy, to which our batteries responded.
It commenced raining at 3 this morning and has been a rainy day.
To day has been pleasant nothing of interest. We now have to drill one hour morning and evening.
Pleasant. Nothing occurring.
This morning we were called out in haste marched half a mile and then were sent back and ordered to be ready to march at any time.
To day has been pleasant nothing of interest has occurred.
Nothing going on. Weather still pleasant.
To day fixed up our camp, widened the company streets. A shower last night makes the air cooler.
To day is pleasant Henry and myself are on the water squad. Received the first six numbers of the continental magazine shall have some enjoyment for my leisure time.
The weather still pleasant. We are on picket. The rebels and our pickets are only 10 or 12 rods apart. The rebels fired quite a number of shells at one of our batteries.
To day there has been some artillery firing. The rebels fired one shot at the balloon which passed beyond but far under it.
There has been considerable artillery firing to day some of the rebel shells coming almost into our camp. To morrow we are to move farther back.
To day moved our camp about a mile back. This evening heard heavy firing across the river.
SUNDAY JUNE 22 1862
To day is pleasant, received a letter from home and answered it.
This afternoon had a heavy rain.
Rained last night. [illegible] day. Fair again this evening. companies called out on fatigue duty. I am on guard.
To day pleasant. Nothing of interest.
To day about 11 am we were told to be ready at a moments notice to strike tents. About 3 we struck tents and started, firing about this time being heard in the direction of Mechanicsville. after scouting around a little we started in that direction. at dark we laid down to sleep.
Started at an early hour trip moving on the backward track. After crossing a little brook our regt was formed on the Bank the 83 Pa on the right. The 16 mich. Told to hold the enemy in check at all bayards[?] About 3 Pm the enemy attacked and about 7 succeeded in forcing the brigade on the left right[?] I had the misfortune to be taken prisoner.
Richmond. Libry & Co. warehouse
Immediately after we were taken prisoners we were started for Richmond. We marched all night and did not get here till daylight this morning. Our captors The Palmetto Sharp Shooters were very kind to us. A great many more prisoners have been brought in to day.
To day is the Sabbath, our second day in prison. 250 in a room 100 x 40. We did not get our breakfast till 2 PM. By frugality saved some for supper. A great many wounded have been brought into the city.
Another day in prison. Some 100 have been taken off from this floor but we are thick enough now. All the reports that we hear are that our army is beaten but we can hardly credit it.
TUESDAY JULY 1
Last night we got no supper till 10 oclock and then only 3 small crackers. We hear nothing but happens in the defeat of our army.
WENSDAY JULY 2 1862
It commenced raining early this morning and has rained hard all day. We heard this morning that fort darling had been taken and Jackson killed and his forces surrounded and a main that Mccalls division was all out to peciss and captured and McClellan in full retreat.
What we get to eat is all we have to think of here. About noon we got two loaves of bread for 17 men, and about an hour after some meat. For supper 4 loaves of bread and a pint of beef water. 2 meals a day.
The 4th of July. Independence day. A week ago to night we were taken prisoners. Our dinner or supper, or broth, for we had only one, consisted of the usual the fourth of a loaf of bread rotten meat which the officer of the day condemned, but we got no other.
To day ends one week in prison. I do not see that it grows any more pleasant. Got our breakfast at ten this morning and our supper at 11 to night.
This is a beautiful sabbath day but there is little to remind one of it. In a city and no church bells. By this time our folks must have heard that I am amongst the missing, mourning me for dead. I hope we shall be paroled soon.
The weather to day has been very warm. We got some soup for breakfast about 2 Pm, but no bread till 5. We got our supper about 9 that is a quarter of a loaf.
To day has been very sultry. We have received our meals in good time. I feel more satisfied on that count. This morning 50 went from this room to prepare an encampment for us on Belles island.
To day all from the adjoining were removed to the island and the room filled with the wounded. Among them I saw two from our regt.
THURSDAY JULY 11 1862
[illegible sentence] , we all expected to go this afternoon but have not got off as yet. Grannis found leiut & this afternoon and has gone to take care of him.
Belle Island James River. This afternoon we left the quarters we had been occupying in the [illegible] and some building, and removed to this island. Here we have a pleasant encampment, a chance to swim in the river and plenty of fresh air, and good tents.
Last night we got half a loaf of bread and a peice of meat for a days rations. [?] of a loaf for supper to night which did not by any means satisfy me. During the day I helped carry some bread and filled myself up and brought off a loaf besides.
SUNDAY JULY 13
The third sabbath as a prisoner. This is a beautiful day, much like other sabbaths in camp. Wrote a letter some as I heard flag of truce was going out tomorrow.
MONDAY JULY 14
The weather continues very warm. quite a large number of prisoners wounded came from Savages station to day. One of them died suddenly while in apparently good health. he had been sick with the fever.
TUESDAY JULY 15
We received no rations to day except a little peice of meat about 4 [?] and 1/2 aloaf of bread this evening after dark. If it had not been for a couple of quarts of beans which we stole we would have been a hungry lot the beans with the meat made our squad a good meal.
WENSDAY JULY 16
To day all we had to eat was 1/2 aloaf and a small peice of meat. Just before night there came up a terrible storm and overflowed the bottom of our tent 5 or 6 inches. It stopped just before dark so we shall get along comfortably.
THURSDAY JULY 17
Last night we had another heavy shower but our trench proved effective. This morning we got about a quart and a half of small black beans and a pint of flour for eight men. This afternoon we got a loaf and a little beef tea. To night it is raining.
FRIDAY JULY 18 1862
To day has been cloudy and quite cool but no rain. It is reported on the island to night that the sick and wounded in the city have been paroled and that the sick and wounded on the island will be tomorrow.
SATURDAY JULY 19
To day has been quite cool, nothing of interest has occurred. Our principal topic of conversation, is when shall we be exchanged or paroled.
SUNDAY july 20
To day for a change we were fallen in and marched out of the camp for a sort of roll call, it occupied about 2 hours.
MONDAY JULY 21
To day is the anniversary of the battle of Bulls Run. The rebs have been celebrating it by getting drunk ringing bells and this evening by firing rockets and other fireworks.
TUESDAY JULY 22
To day has been pleasant nothing of interest occurring for the last two days I have been feeling unwell. This evening it is reported that we shall all be paroled before the end of the week.
WENSDAY JULY 23
This morning we were marched out onto the road leading from camp for roll call. At first we thought we were to be paroled but we were soon Ondeceived.
THURSDAY JULY 24
To day it is reported that they are taking the names of the sick to be paroled tomorrow. The prospects of paroles and exchange are the only topic of conversation.
FRIDAY JULY 25
To day has been pleasant. 600 it is said have been sent from the city And some of the sick and wounded have been sent across the island to the city to taken care of and sent off.
SATURDAY JULY 26
To day ends the 4th week of our imprisonment. Some 100 discharged from the city hospital have come to the island. This makes us sl[?][?][?] fear we shall not be paroled.
some things that I remember that happened and days[?] accended[?] one list/age on the 29 [?]21 both days we had fried liver for our dinner. John Evans, if that was his name, of the 22 Mass regt stole a liver from the cook tent and got to our tent with it. we [illegible] frying pan and some [illegible] got fried enough to eat it and had a very satisfactory meal.
Then somebody another time he asked a roll o butter from a boat that came across the river with stuff from [illegible] and hid it in his shirt. it every [illegible] this and when he got to our tent FOOS SWl od rhw butter was on his shirt and in him.
There were in our tent on the [illegible] besodes myself James Doogat of ny and John Smith of Co F and George Barnard of Co J and Evans of 22nd Mass. Barnard had a pair of shirt [illegible] such as dry goods clerk wear to carry in their vests and he [illegible].
SUNDAY JULY 27 1862
The 5th[?] sunday as a prisoner. The church bells have been ringing in Richmond making it seem much like sunday. Heard news to day which makes me think we may be paroled within a week.
MONDAY JULY 28
To day has been pleasant "They Say" says The Richmond Enquirer says "600[?] of us are to be paroled every other day, I hope it may be so. Some are confident that some of us will go tomorrow.
TUESDAY JULY 29
To day is my 21st birthday. I little thought one year ago I should be in such a place. Our folks must think of me to night. None of us have gone to day, nor do I think there is such prospect of our going.
WENSDAY JULY 30
This morning we had a shower but it has been very hot. To night it is lightening very sharp and prospects of a shower. The report to day is that all the sick will be sent away tomorrow and the rest will march.
THURSDAY JULY 31
To day it has been raining all day. They have been sending off the sick all day. Things begin to look as if we should get away from this before long.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 1
To day has been pleasant though warm. To day we were marched out of camp and kept 2 or 3 hours to be counted.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 2
To day has been pleasant. This morning we received half a loaf of bread. Thinking we should get more at night we ate it all and had no supper.
SUNDAY, AUGUST 3
This morning the sick and wounded who could walk were sent away and we could get no rations till they were gone, and having had no supper we were hungry enough at ten o clock when we got breakfast.
MONDAY, AUGUST 4
To day has been pleasant. This morning it was reported that we should leave the island tomorrow. We had hardly got to bed when we were called out to have our names taken which operation took nearly all night.
TUESDAY AUGUST 5 1862
To day about 10 oclock we began to leave the island receiving our rations as we went. Crossed the branch of the river to manchester on the south flank then crossed the main stream below the island to Richmond and took our way down the river to this landing where we arrived about 9 PM. The day has been hot and the march long.
WENSDAY AUG 6
Went on board the transports about 10 AM. Arrived off Harrisons landing about one. Went on shore about 4 PM and were directed to our regts. Found Dell there sick, and some of the other boys, the regt being across the river on picket.
THURSDAY AUGUST 7
Went over to the hospital to see Hotchkiss and Hogan and was told that they had been sent north. But one of the boys from our co has been there since and says Hogan is still there. Wrote a letter home.
FRIDAY AUGUST 8
Went over to the hospital to see Hogan and spent nearly all the day with him.
SATURDAY AUGUST 9
To day has been very hot nothing of interest occurring.
SUNDAY AUGUST 10
Went over again to see henry he has been worse again. The regt came back from picket to day. "am detailed for the ambulance corps.
MONDAY, AUGUST 11
Signed the pay roll this morning took an order over for Henry to sign but found that he last night [illegible] received our pay this evening. Received our revolvers and acoutrements for the ambulance corps. Revolver Colt. Nol. 34764
TUESDAY AUGUST 12
To day has been hot this even a storm of wind with a little rain.
WENSDAY AUGUST 13
To day has been pleasant. Our regt has been under marching orders since sunday but it looks not as if we were going to stay.
THURSDAY AUGUST 14
Went this afternoon to set some poles for hitching ambulance horses did not get back to regt till after dark, found regt under marching orders tents all struck, however we may not go till morning now.
FRIDAY AUGUST 15
We finally started and got about half a mile by daybreak, then went took a good start and marched to where the Chickahominy enters the James and there we encamped. [illegible]
SATURDAY AUGUST 16 1862
Started this morning and marhed 2 miles beyond Williamsburg and encamped.
SUNDAY AUGUST 17
Our brigade was rear guard to day. marched to and encamped on our old camp ground in front of Yorktown.
MONDAY AUGUST 18
To day marched to Hampton. It has been a hard march as a few are getting sore.
TUESDAY AUGUST 19
To day marched to Newport News. This evening the regt embarked. The ambulance corps remains here still.
Wensday August 20
To day has been spent going around the encampments at Newport News. Spending money at the sutlers &C.
THURSDAY AUGUST 21
To day has been spent pretty much as yesterday. This evening we took the ambulance down to be loaded. But as all could not be put aboard we came back to our encampment outside the fort.
FRIDAY AUGUST 22
To day we loaded our waggons on the bank. J M Hicks And were taken in tow by a steamer, passed Fortress Monroe and into the Chesapeake.
SATURDAY AUGUST 23
This afternoon anchored in the river near Acquia Creek.
SUNDAY AND MONDAY
Remained on board the sbic
TUEDAY AUGUST 26
To day we tied up to the Wharp an unloaded and went into camp about 1/2 mile from Wharf. Got a good dinner of potatoes cabbage boiled ham and coffee on a canal boat.
Wensday August 27
Went down to the wharf again to day and went in swimming and got another good dinner.
Thursday august 28
Took a walk of 3 or 4 miles into the country and got some potatoes, corn and apples.
FRIDAY AUGUST 29
To day took another walk into the country and got some cider and a good dinner with plenty of milk.
SATURDAY AUGUST 30 1862
This afternoon had orders to hitch up two horse ambulances and toward[?] night for one horse.
SUNDAY AUGUST 31
Arrived at alexandria a little after noon (by steamer) unloaded and got outside the city a little after dark. Start for Centreville at 2 tomorrow morning.
MONDAY SEPT 1
Started at two this morning, arrived at Centreville a lttle after noon. Loaded with wounded and started back. Came very near being cut off by a party of rebels, but they were repulsed ater a severe fight in which Gene Kearney and Stevens were killed.
TUESDAY SEPT 2
Stopped at Fairfax last night, came on to Alexandria this morning and left the wounded and went into camp just outside the city. We are ordered to proceed to fort Corcoran at nine this evening.
WENSDAY SEPT 3
Arrived at fort Corcoran during the night. Started again this morning the ambulance corps camping near miners hill. Porters division is encamped on the same ground they occupied last winter. But a whole brigade covers only as much ground as one regt did last winter.
THURSDAY SEPT 4
To day the rebels came out on the A and L turnpike and threw a few shells but no harm was done. The regts got call this evening first time since leaving Harrisons landing.
FRIDAY SEPT 5
To day went over to the regt and got three letters.
SATURDAY SEPT 6
This forenoon went over to the regt and got another letter from home. This evening have orders to be ready to march.
SUNDAY SEPT 7
Started at 9 last night and this morning and accomplished 3 miles. Arrived on the heights near Alexandria at 9AM. Staid there till after noon and then went up near the seminary and encamped.
MONDAY SEPT 8
Last night went out foraging and got a lot of milk and a big hen so this morning had a good breakfast. Wrote home to day.
TUESDAY SEPT 9
To day had orders to march and came back to fort Corcoran again.
Wensday Sept 10 1862
To day I went over to Washington with some of the teaps[?] [steeds] that went to be shod. Visited the patent office and the smithsonian institute. And went to the capital and navy yard but could not get in.
THURSDAY SEPT 11
To day has been pleasant nothing of interest.
FRIDAY SEPT 12
Our brigade was called out again to day another regt has been added to it. Fox informed me of the death of Mr. Lewis as he passed away.
SATURDAY SEPT 13
Went over to our camp some of the sicker left there.
SUNDAY SEPT 14
To day the church bells are ringing in the city. It is very pleasant. Fighting seems to have been going on up the river.
MONDAY SEPT 15
To day has been pleasant we still remain at our camp near Fort Corcoran. The largest part of the corps have gone to the river.
TUESDAY SEPT 16
This evening there is a report that Harpers ferry has been surrendered with 8000 men. The day has been lowery with a little rain.
WENSDAY SEPT 17
Went with thompson to Alexandria Seminary hospital to see Stevens with Sam also who lost his leg at bull run. He was a prisoner with me at Richmond. Dougal
THURSDAY SEPT 18
To day is pleasant the news from the army encouraging.
FRIDAY and SATURDAY SEPT 19 and 20
Weather fine nothing of interest.
SUNDAY SEPT 21
This is a beautiful sabbath day. The church bells are ringing reminding me of days when we attended church and sunday school..Wrote a letter home.
X MONDAY SEPT 22
Still pleasant. The rebels recrossed into Maryland.
WENSDAY SEPT 24
To day with three comrades visited the patent office and institute at Washington (Sigeurney George H and George W Arnold. This afternoon has been rainy.
THURSDAY SEPT 25 1862
Last night was quite cold, to day has been pleasant but a cold wind has blown all day. Lieut Ayers came from the division last night, he reported them on Shepherdstown ferry.
FRIDAY SEPT 26
Last night was cold again but to day has been quite warm.
SATURDAY SEPT 27
To day has been warm the roads are getting dusty. Plenty of signs of rain not all fall.
SUNDAY SEPT 28
To day has been pleasant, wrote a letter home.
X MONDAY AND TUESDAY
Nothing of interest
WENSDAY OCT 1 To
To day have been making preperations for leaving here.
THURSDAY OCT 2
Started on the march this morning. Passed through Rockville a little after noon and encamped at night about six miles beyond that place.
FRIDAY OCT 3
On the march to day passed through Hyattstown Urbana and Frederick city and encamped about 2 miles from the latter place.
SATURDAY OCT 4
To day started on the march again passed through Middletown, Boonesborough Keyesville and Shepherdstown and encamped about half a mile from the last place. Went over to the regt and got my letters.
SUNDAY OCT 5
To day has been pleasant nothing of interest occurring
MONDAY OCT 6
Went over to the regt to day and got some more letters
TUESDAY OCT 7
Today went over the battlefield of Anteitam. Saw much of interest and horror. The regt moved its encampment to day.
WENSDAY OCT 8
To day has been very windy, otherwise pleasant. Rode over to the camp ground in an ambulance had a pleasant ride. This is a beautiful moonlight evening.
FRIDAY OCT 10
To day visited the regt at its new encampment near Anteitam. this evening it is lowery and beginning to rain.
SATURDAY OCT 11 1862
Rained nearly all of last night. to day it is quite cool.
SUNDAY OCT 12
To day is cold and chilly, wrote a letter home and received one also. Am not feeling well to day.
X MONDAY OCT 13
I am quite sick to day. have eaten nothing and am sore and stiff.
TUESDAY OCT 14
Am feeling better to day have been around all day but to night have a hard headache.
WENSDAY OCT 15 Have kept to my bunk all day not able to sit up but a short time. have a good deal of fever and a terrible headache, took some pills which I hope may releive me.
THURSDAY OCT 16
To day have felt much better have been around much all day. There has been considerable firing up the river but am unacquainted with the result.
FRIDAY OCT 17
To day taken again with chills and fever and the boys thought it best for me to go to the hospital. Here I have more comfortable place, and this afternoon had a sweat so I hope the fever may soon be broken up.
SATURDAY OCT 18
To day feeling pretty well. Went up to the camp of the corps and spent part of the day there.
SUNDAY OCT 19
To day had chills and fever but wrote a letter home this PM.
MONDAY OCT 20
To day feel pretty well, visited camp again.
TUESDAY OCT 21 To day had a slight chill. Went up to camp and got supper.
WENSDAY OCT 22
Feeling pretty well to day, went up to the camp.
THURSDAY OCT 23
Went up to the camp to day feeling pretty well.
FRIDAY OCT 24
Went over to the regt to day.
SATURDAY OCT 25 To day left hospital. This evening is lowery and
SUNDAY OCT 26 1862
Rained all last night and all day to day. Received a letter from home and answered it.
MONDAY OCT 27
To day has been cold and unpleasant, but no rain.
TUESDAY OCT 28
To day has been sunshiny but a cold wind. Rays been troubled with a cold in the head.
WENSDAY OCT 29
To day has been quite comfortable. This evening we are expecting to march tomorrow.
THURSDAY OCT 30
This morning went over to the regt, came back a little after noon, found the corps preparing to march. Seargeant sent me to the regt to go with that ambulance. When I got there found it had returned to the corps, so I returned to the camp near Sharpsburg and found that the whole corps had gone. Shall spend the night here and look for the regt in the morning.
FRIDAY OCT 31
Was joined last night by one of the 17th who like myself had been left behind. Started this morning for Harpers Ferry which we reached about 2 pm a distance of 15 miles. Found that the corps had not yet arrived having taken a different road. They came along about 10 PM when I got on and rode to camp about 4 miles from the ferry.
SATURDAY NOV 1
To day we remain in our camp in the valley of Virginia where we stopped last night. The troops are being mustered for pay.
SUNDAY NOV 2
To day started on the march. The ambulance which I was with was sent to go with the 5th mass battery. Had two sick in it. Arrived at Snickers Gap after dark. Started to find the corps but gave it up and stopped and got supper.
MONDAY NOV 3
Soon after we turned in last night the wind began to blow hard and cold and continued all night. Reported again to the battery this morning but did not march. Went out this forenoon and killed a pig so we have fresh pork. Reported to the corps again to night.
TUESDAY NOV 4
Reported to the battery again to day but did not march. Went out walking and were arrested but escaped our regt being provost guard.
wensday NOV 5 1862
To day remained in camp. Went out this afternoon foraging corn. Ordered to report to the battery to night as we start early tomorrow.
THURSDAY NOV 6
Started on the march this morning. passed through Middleburg about 2 PM marched 4 miles father and encamped. This morning was cold.
FRIDAY NOV 7
To day marched about 3 miles and encamped. soon after getting into camp it commenced to rain and rained all day. Dell and St John came back to the regt to day.
SATURDAY NOV 8
To day started on the march and encamped a mile and a half from New Baltimore Towards Warrenton. Ordered to report to the corps to night.
SUNDAY NOV 9
To day marched 3 miles, within half a mile of Warrenton. Went to the regt and found a letter from Hank Hotchkiss[?] Wrote one home.
X MONDAY NOV 10
This morning the troops bid adieu to Gen McClellan who has been releived of his command.
TUESDAY NOV 11
To day remained in camp nothing of interest.
Nov 13 and 14
Remained in camp nothing of interest.
FRIDAY NOV 14
This PM went some 4 or 5 miles on horseback after hay.
Nov 15 and 16
received and wrote letter home.
MONDAY NOV 17
Was awakened at an early hour this morning and started on the march. Passed through Warrenton and by the junction did not get into camp till after dark.
TUESDAY NOV 18
This morning was awakened very early but did not get started till late. encamped in good season[?]
WENSDAY 19 1862
This morning had a good chance to sleep, had a hard ague chill. Started on the march about 9 AM, encamped about 3 PM. Found a Penna soldier lying on the ground nearly dead, had been there all last night, got him shelter and medical attendance but he died before morning. His name was Josiah Hodge Co H 142 Pa.
THURSDAY NOV 20
Last night a good deal of rain fell. This morning had another chill, still feel unwell. The weather has been rainy and unpleasant. Still in camp where we stopped last night 5 miles from Falmouth.
FRIDAY NOV 21
Still remain in camp, not much rain but unplesant.
SATURDAY NOV 22
Had orders to march at 8 this morning but it was countermanded. Hitched up again this PM but did not march.
SUNDAY NOV 23
Started on the march this morning with every prospect of getting into camp in good season but were hindered by trains. 6 oclock found us 1/4 of a mile from camp on the wrong side of a slough which took us hill 12 to cross.
MONDAY NOV 24
Remained in camp where we stopped last night.
TUESDAY NOV 25
To day the batteries removed camp about half a mile. We are now close to the RR.
WENSDAY NOV 26
To day went over to the corps and got rations and again this evening and went on guard. Received a letter from home.
THURSDAY NOV 27
In camp nothing of interest
FRIDAY NOV 28
To day hulled some corn. The RR bridge is finished and the cars passed here three times to day. The bridge has not been inspected and so no loads of consequence have been brought.
SATURDAY NOV 29
Nothing of interest. two cars passed 3 or 4 times with light loads.
SUNDAY NOV 30
This morning Arnold went to the corps and was ordered to return with the ambulance which he did.
MONDAY DEC 1 1862
To day went with the ambulance to the depot for forage. There being but little we waitid for the morning train. With two companions got on the train and rode up to Falmouth and back and then went on down to Acquia Creek where we shall stay for the morning train.
Tuesday DEC 2
Came up for the creek on the 3 oclock train, did not get forage enough but went back to the train about noon but was sent down here to load hay and have got to spend the night here.
WENSDAY DEC 3
Loaded the wagons with hay and the came back to camp[?] We were then inspected.
THURSDAY DEC 4
To day moved camp about half a mile into a pine grove to have a more comfortable place for the horses.
FRIDAY DEC 5
This morning went to work cutting logs and breaking ground to make more comfortable quarters. about noon it commenced to rain and before night turned to snow. this evening is cold and stormy.
SATURDAY DEC 6
Last night cleared up and froze very hard, an uncomfortable night we had. To day have been busyly engaged on our tent quarters, hope to get in to them tomorrow. The day has been cold.
SUNDAY DEC 7
Last night was very cold too cold to sleep well. To day got the roofs onto our cabin and got into it, although it is not finished it is more comfortable than our tent was, as we have a fire in it.
MONDAY DEC 8
To day made some improvements on our cabin and wrote a letter home.
TUESDAY DEC 9
To day made some improvements on our cabin chimeny. This afternoon we hear that we are to march day after tomorrow.
WENSDAY DEC 10
To day had inspection. have orders to march tomorrow.
THURSDAY DEC 11
This morning heavy firing was commenced as early as 5 oclock and continued till afternoon with what result we do not know. The ambulances left camp at 9 or 10 oclock but only went a couple of miles and went in to park.
FRIDAY DEC 12 1862
To day moved upon the ridge near the Rappahannock. There has been no firing of consequence. Pontoon bridges have been thrown across and it is said a large force have crossed.
SATURDAY DEC 13
To day there has been a terrible battle. It commenced early and continued till dark. To night must be spent in picking up the wounded. We crossed the river about 4 pm but could not go upon the field.
SUNDAY DEC 14
Went onto the field and was there till 4 this morning when we returned to this side. Went over again and cleared out some houses for hospital. There has not been much fighting to day though our men have remained on the field.
MONDAY DEC 15
To day brought the wounded to this side of the river and placed them in hospital tents. It is said the rebels gave us 12 hours to remove them as they should shell the town.
TUESDAY DEC 16
The whole [illegible] our army have returned to this side of the river. The bridges have been taken up and we have returned to our old quarters. All the expedition seems to have accomplished is the loss of 5 or 6 thousand men.
WENSDAY DEC 17
To day have remained in camp fixing up our old quarters. Wrote a letter home. Received one from Aunt C and answered it.
THURSDAY DEC 18
Went over to the hospital to take wounded to the depot but had nothing to do. Returned to camp again this evening.
FRIDAY DEC 19
Remained in camp to day, nothing of interest.
SUNDAY DEC 21
To day had inspection. Received a letter from home and wrote one.
MONDAY DEC 22
To day went with ambulances to assist in moving hospitals and sick.
TUESDAY DEC 23
To day did some washing. Weather continues fleasant. This evening on guard.
WENSDAY DEC 24
To day has been pleasant but to night looks like rain. Christmas eve although we have a fire place do not think Santa Claus will get down it.
X THURSDAY DEC 25, 1862
To day is Christmas, had a very good breakfast for the day.
FRIDAY DEC 26
This evening was surprised by a visit from Demetrius Smith and Arthur Clark. Smith spent the night with me. Clark staid at the regt.
SATURDAY DEC 27
To day went with Smith and Clark to the 154th regt. I returned on the cars.
SUNDAY DEC 28
To day has been very pleasant. Went over to the regt and to night Smith returned with me to spend the night.
MONDAY DEC 29
To day Smith returns home and I send this diary by him.
THURSDAY JAN 1 1863
This morning as soon as daylight started back for camp. The day has been beautiful. arrived at camp about 3 PM in good spirits but tired.
JAN 2 and 3
Nothing of interest. Weather fine.
SUNDAY JAN 4
To day a box came with all of its good things and also a letter from home.
MONDAY JAN 5
Still we remain in camp with nothing to do but take care of ourselves. Wrote a letter to day to night I am on guard. it is a beaautiful moonlight night.
TUESDAY JAN 6
This afternoon has been lowery with some indications of a storm. Received a letter[?] from aunt C and wrote to her.
WENSDAY JAN 7
last night was very cold this morning is clear again.
THURSDAY JAN 8
To day has been cold. Got up a big pile of wood. Tried our hand at making cherry pudding.
FRIDAY JAN 9
This morning it was reported the marching orders had come causing some excitement but it turned out to be a hoax been at regt[?] to day digging an oven.
Saturday jan 10
This afternoon and evening it has been raining hard and bids fair for a rainy time.
SUNDAY JAN 11 1863
Cleared off[?] and frose during the night. Had inspection this morning. Went over to the regt to see St. John.
MONDAY JAN 12
To day did my washing. Received a letter from home and answered it.
X TUESDAY JAN 13
Nothing of interest to day Wrote to uncle P
WENSDAY JAN 14
To day the regt put up a pole and boisted a flag. There has been a high wind all day. To night am on guard.
THURSDAY JAN 15
To day all of the sick were sent away from the regts. It is expected we shall move soon. There has been a high wind all day. This evening there is an appearance of rain.
FRIDAY JAN 16
Rained quite hard last night. To day our regt was presented with a beautiful flag by Gen Griffin. The flag was furnished by Mrs. Corning. It is expected we shall move tomorrow.
SATURDAY JAN 17
To day we have orders to be ready to move tomorrow. This afternoon the ambulances were inspected.
SUNDAY JAN 18
Received a letter from home and answered it. Marching is postponed 24 hours do not beleive we shall go at all.
MONDAY JAN 19
Last night was very cold freezing hard. Marching is put off till 10 AM tomorrow.
TUESDAY JAN 20
This morning directly after breakfast began to make preperations for moving. We got out in line about 9 AM but did not move on till 4 PM halted at dark 1 mile from camp. and went into park. It is commencing to rain.
WENSDAY JAN 21
Rained all last night started on the march at 8 or 9 but went only three miles and went into park about 2 PM. Rode in the ambulance and read Chatesubrisode travels. looks like having a rainy night.
THURSDAY JAN 22
To day remained where we parked yesterday. The weather still continues rainy and unpleasant. Spent a good share of daylight reading.
FRIDAY JAN 23 2863
This morning had orders to leave all grain but one feed and return to camp. I went on ahead and found the camp pillaged of every board and stool. put the canvas upon our cabin but to night shall sleep in the ambulance.
SATURDAY JAN 24
To day built up our chimeny replaced our bunks and repaired generally. The regt came in this afternoon.
SUNDAY JAN 25
To day has been pleasant, recreived a letter from home and answered it.
MONDAY JAN 26
Went to the commisarys and got some potatoes. Signed the pay roll.
TUESDAY JAN 27
To day has been rainy and unpleasant. This evening received our pay.
X WENSDAY JAN 28
Last night the rain turned to snow and it has snowed fast all day.
THURSDAY JAN 29
This morning was cold a blusterink. Full 8 inches of snow. The sun came out bright and it has been thawing. Drew up a lot of good.
FRIDAY JAN 30
To day has been pleasant but thawing making it very muddy.
X SATURDAY JAN 31
To day has been fleasant the snow is rappidly disappearing.
SUNDAY FEB 1
To day had inspection as usual. This evening there is indications of rain.
MONDAY FEB 2
To day has been very pleasant. Did my washing and received a letter from home and answered it.
TUESDAY FEB 3
To day has been clear not very cold, the wind blowing very hard.
WENSDAY FEB 4
Last night was very cold, to day pleasant but cold. To night colder still.
THURSDAY FEB 5
To day has been rainy and unpleasant, quite cold, some snow.
FRIDAY FEB 6
Pleasant nothing of interest.
SATURDAY FEB 7 1863
To day has been pleasant. To night am on guard it is cold.
SUNDAY FEB 8
Inspection as usual.
MONDAY FEB 9
Did my washing. Received a letter from home and answered it. Also a long letter from uncle J.
TUESDAY FEB 10
Nothing of interest.
WENSDAY FEB 11
To day went to the camp of the 1FF** to see an old schoolmate but the regt had gone. Went to Falmouth and the station and then back to camp, pretty well tired.
THURSDAY FEB 12
Have been reading the Pirate by Scott. Wrote a letter to Uncle J. This evening it is commencing to rain.
X FRIDAY FEB 13
Nothing of interest. Saturday. Ditto
SUNDAY FEB 15
To day has been rainy so we had no inspection. Received a letter from home.
MONDAY FEB 16
To day went to Acquia Creek. Had a pleasant time and a ride on the cars.
TUESDAY FEB 17
This morning when we got up found 2inches of snow on the ground and it has been snowing all day.
WENSDAY FEB 18
To day has been raining making it very unpleasant. However passed the time reading and playing chess.
THURSDAY FEB 19
To day the snow has been melting making it very muddy and causing springs to well up in our house.
FRIDAY FEB 20
To day the sun has been shining brightly and the wind blowing and fast drying up the mud.
SATURDAY FEB 21
To day has been pleasant. The sun is rappidly drying up.
SUNDAY FEB 22 1863
Lastnight there was a sudden change in the weather and this morning there was nearly a foot of snow and it has been snowing and sleet[?] all day. Received a letter from home with the news of the death of Deacon Reed.
MONDAY FEB 23
To day it has been sunshiny and it has thawed some but it is quite wintry. Wrote a letter home.
TUESDAY FEB 24
To day has been pleasant the sun shining brightly.
WENSDAY FEB 25
To day has been as pleasant as yesterday. Went over to the regt and found Perry sick.
THURSDAY FEB 26
To day it has been thawing and rainy most of the time. Received a letter from Dell Clapp discharged.
FRIDAY FEB 27
Have not been well. The weather is lowery.
SATURDAY FEB 28
have not been well to day but better than yesterday.
X SUNDAY MARCH 1
Received a letter from home and answered it.
MONDAY MARCH 2
To day went over to the regt to see Perry who is quite sick.
TUESDAY MARCH 3
To day went to the camp of the 154th, had a pleasant visit with Vedde an old schoolmate. Returned on the cars from Brooks Station.
WENSDAY MARCH 4
Have been at work fixing up hospital tents and grounds.
THURSDAY MARCH 5
Nothing of interest. went over to see Perry he is a little better.
SUNDAY MARCH 8
To day had inspection it has passed like most other sundays.
X MONDAY MARCH 9
Last night had a shower of rain. To day is warm and springlike. Wrote a letter home did my washing and policed camp, to night am on guard as letter from home says-the last that came out with me is discharged.
TUESDAY MARCH 10 1863
This morning opened with a flurry of snow and it has been drissling all day half snow and half rain.
WENSDAY MARCH 11
This morning was lowery but not much rain has fallen it has been a spring like day.
THURSDAY MARCH 12
Been at work all day on police duty cleaning out corral. There has been a raw cold wind blowing all day.
FRIDAY MARCH 13
To day have been on detail cutting wood for hospital. A cold wind blowing all day.
SATURDAY MARCH 14
This forenoon worked cutting brush for a fence to enclose quarters. This afternoon making fried cakes, with perfect success. Received a letter from home and answered it.
SUNDAY MARCH 15
This morning had inspection as usual. This evening a thunder storm with snow.
MONDAY MARCH 16
Have been at work shoveling manure. A cold wind blowing all day.
TUESDAY MARCH 17
To day St Patricks was celebrated at the 9th mass. Two horses were killed and two men hurt by collision.
WENSDAY MARCH 18
To day our zouave suits arrived and were given out. It has been a pleasant springlike day.
THURSDAY MARCH 19
To day has been cloudy this evening there are indications of a storm.
FRIDAY MARCH 20
This morning opened with a snow storm, some 2 inches of snow has fallen. To night I am on guard.
SATURDAY MARCH 21
It snowed again this morning but this PM it rained. Received a letter from home to night.
SUNDAY MARCH 22
To day has been warm and the snow disappeared. Inspection this morning as usual.
X MONDAY MARCH 23 2863
This forenoon did my washing and cooked half a bushel of fried cakes, had excellent success. This PM have been at work on the picket rope.
TUESDAY MARCH 24
To day has been pleasant but this evening it is raining.
WENSDAY MARCH 25
Rained quite hard last night, but to day has been warm pleasant and springlike. Received a letter from home to day posted Feb.11
TUESDAY MARCH 26
Pleasant nothing of interest.
FRIDAY MARCH 27
To day have been at work assisting to mark ambulances.
SATURDAY MARCH 28
Has rained hard all day. Received a long letter from hope this PM
SUNDAY MARCH 29
To day there has been a cold wind, had inspection. I am detailed on the picket rope. Wrote a letter home.
MONDAY MARCH 30
To day has been pleasant. Had a good game of ball.
TUESDAY MARCH 31
This morning found it snowing hard and it has snowed or rained all day but has cleared off fine this evening.
WENSDAY APRIL 1
To day have been getting up wood. There has been a cold wind blowing but otherwise pleasant. They are again giving furloughs in the regt.
THURSDAY APRIL 2
To day has been warm and pleasant got up another load of wood this morning. Received a nice large box from home. Am on guard to night.
FRIDAY APRIL 3
To day has been pleasant. Have plenty of occupation now studying geography and Lain from books received in box
SAATURDAY APRIL 4
To day the wind has blown hard all day and to night it is beginning to snow. Received a letter from home to night.
SUNDAY APRIL 5
This morning found 6 inches of snow on the ground and still snowing. it stopped before noon and began to thaw. This evening it is clear.
MONDAY APRIL 6 1863
To day has been thawing making it very muddy.
TUESDAY APRIL 7
To day the President has been reviewing the troops. Saw him quite plainly as he passed here.
Wensday april 8
This morning was detailed on police duty. This afternoon had a fine game of ball.
Thursday Apri 9
To day has been pleasant. Marked out the ground and had a game of ball. Am on guard to night.
FRIDAY APRIL 10
To day has been very pleasant. Had a fine [game] at ball..This evening came near having a row on account of the Lieut tryin to disperse a crowd.
SATURDAY APRIL 11
To day has been very pleasant. Went over to the regt to muster this evening received a letter from home.
Sunday April 12
To day has been very warm and pleasant. To night there is prospect of a shower. Wrote a letter home.
MONDAY APRIL 13
To day has been pleasant received a letter from the commisary department for returned prisoners. Went over to the regt to see about it.
TUESDAY APRIL 14
To day has been pleasant. It is said we shall march tomorrow or next day. This evening orders have come for men and ambulances to report to division hospitals at 8 AM tomorrow.
WENSDAY APRIL 15
It rained hard last night and has rained all day, the creek is very high. I think it will prevent our marching for a day or two.
THURSDAY APRIL 16
To day has been cloudy no rain has fallen. Some of our men have been down to Brandy station to put up hospitals.
FRIDAY APRIL 17, 1863
Have been at work preparing ground for hospital.
SATURDAY APRIL 18
To day our officers and the 12th had a game of matched ball. Received a letter from home.
SUNDAY APRIL 19
To day a squad of us went down to Brooks station to the hospitals. I rode lieut B's horse. rode pack in a mule wagon. The day has been pleasant.
MONDAY APRIL 20
To day has lowery, some rain falling. Am on guard to night.
TUESDAY Cleared up this PM
WENSDAY APRIL 22
This afternoon has been cloudy and this evening it is raining.
THURSDAY APRIL 23
After we had gone to bed last night received orders to be all[?] ready to march at a moments notice. It rained all night and has been raining all day. This afternoon signed the pay rool.
FRIDAY APRIL 24
Rained all this forenoon. Received 1 months pay to day.
X SATURDAY APRIL 25
To day has been pleasant. did not receive the usual letter from home.
SUNDAY APRIL 26
To day has been pleasant. Mailed letter home with 40 dollars in it. Received a letter from home this afternoon.
MONDAY APRIL 27
To day has been pleasant. Our division marched about noon. We expected to march but only moved the sick to the hospital.
TUESDAY APRIL 28
To day has been somewhat rainy. We do not march yet. In fact hardly any of the wagons have moved.
To day has been lowery to night had a slight shower. Heard firing but what it amounts to do not know. Had my likeness taken and sent it home this afternoon.
THURSDAY APRIL 30
This morning it was raining hard. all cleared up this evening. The 3 remaining batteries marched this PM. I am on guard to night. It is a beautiful evening.
FRIDAY MAY 1 1863
This morning received orders to pack up and march. Started about 10 oclock, reached US ford about 3 PM. The day has been very pleasant. There has been some firing this afternoon. Gen. Hookers quarters said to be within half a mile of Fredricksburg.
SATURDAY MAY 2
This morning a squad of us took stretchers and crossed the river. Found our men hard at work throwing up breastworks. We are at the division hospital about 1/2 mile in rear of our line. There was heavy firing about 11 P on our right. Have no blankets and will not be able to sleep much.
SUNDAY MAY 3
The rebels drove our right the 11 corps back nearly a mile, but our corps took their place. There has been hard fighting on our right all day but I think the rebels got the worst of it. I am very tired carrying the wounded but I am at the hospital and hope to get a good nights sleep. Have got the soft side of a plank for a bed and a peice of shelter tent for a blanket. And a roof of trees. So we have good quarters for a soldiers.
MONDAY MAY 4
Were awakened only once by fighting so had a good nights sleep. There has not been much fighting except skirmishing. About 1 Pm it was thought the rebs were evacuating and a force was sent through the woods to see. They drove the skirmishers through the woods to their works when they opened on us with grape and canister and our men retreated.
TUESDAY MAY 5
There has not been much fighting to day. about 1 PM a thunder storm came up I went with one of our boys who was sick to the hospital. Found the stores all packed up and the doctors preparing to cross the river. The Dr said I must go with the man to the river, found the river so high that we could not cross. later they got the pontoon bridges repaired and we got across about midnight.
WENSDAY MAY 6
Spent anything but a pleasant night. I think all were across the river by 9 oclock. I came in with the sick man from our Co get here about 4 PM. The ambulances have not yet got into camp. Our corps has been greatly injured, we none of us understand what this move XXXXX and we are anxious to know.
THURSDAY MAY 7 1863
To day was real cloudy show signs of clearing off. The ambulances went to division hospitals to day and got back to camp here this PM.
FRIDAY MAY 8
To day the ambulances went to the hospitals to haul the sick to the station.
SATURDAY MAY 9
To day ambulances were ordered to the hospitals and a detail with each. From head quarters we were sent with a guide to US ford where we took in 13 wounded rebels and have got back within 4 miles of head quarters and have stopped for the night.
Sunday may 10
Got to head quarters at 8 AM but were kept there till nearly noon before anything was done for them. They were then paroled and we took them to Falmouth station to send them to Washington. Got back to camp about 3 PM. Found a letter from home with L and E's likenesses. Wrote a letter home.
Monday MAY 11
To day has been very warm. Did my washing. This evening the teamsters were ordered to put 3 days rations in their wagons and prepare to start at daylight for the battle field of Chancellorsville for some of our wounded left there.
X TUESDAY MAY 12
To day a lot of the ambulances fit[?] started for US ford. I remain in camp to look out for our staff. It has been a very pleasant day.
WENSDAY MAY 13
To day has been very pleasant. Our men went back for more rations and they cannot get back for some time only a few being allowed to cross at a time.
THURSDAY MAY 14
To day has been pleasant. Had two thunder showers this afternoon.
FRIDAY MAY 15
To day has been pleasant and cooler than yesterday. Some of the men came in to day and think all will come back tomorrow.
SATURDAY MAY 16
All of the ambulances came in to day. Ours was the last to cross and were not all filled.
SUNDAY MAY 17
To day has no inspection. Has been pleasant. Wrote a letter home.
MONDAY MAY 18 1863
To day made application for commutation of rations while I was prisoner. Turned in part of our ambulances, keeping only two in a regt.
TUESDAY MAY 19
To day has been pleasant, nothing of interest.
WENSDAY MAY 20
To day our brigade moved their camp some two miles from their winter quarters. I suppose for sanitary reasons. Their camping ground is said to be very pleasant, but it will be a long way to go for the mail.
THURSDAY MAY 21
The weather continues pleasant, nothing going on but the daily camp routine, policing, etc.
FRIDAY MAY 22
Has been pleasant, nothing of interest.
SATURDAY MAY 23
To day a squad of us went at an early hour to division hospital and worked all day policing. it has been a very hot day.
SUNDAY MAY 24
To day has been very hot. Had the usual inspection. Received a letter from home and answered it.
MONDAY MAY 25
This morning there was a cold mist falling. it was cloudy all day but very little rain fell.
TUESDAY MAY 26
To day has been cloudy and cool but no rain.
WENSDAY MAY 27
pleasant, nothing of interest.
THURSDAY MAY 28
Went over to the regt this afternoon, soon after I got there they received orders to march. Went back to camp and found them preparing to move. We have come out to the camo of the brigade and stay here to night.
FRIDAY MAY 29
The rest of the brigade has moved to the fords of the river. The ambulances have gone out with the sick leaving a few to guard their goods. They came back this afternoon. We go again this afternoon or tomorrow.
SATURDAY MAY 30
Have taken the remainder of the sick to the regts. we are now encamped at brigade head quarters, half way between Banks & Fords.
SUNDAY MAY 31 1863
To day moved our camp to the little grass grown flat by the brook. Wrote a letter home, but as yet have not received the usual weekly letter.
MONDAY JUNE 1
To day has been pleasant. Went over to the regt this afternoon hoping to find a letter but none has come. The boys are working very hard, on picket every other day and working in the trenches.
TUESDAY JUNE 2
To day has been pleasant. It is reported that the geurillas are cutting the throats of our soldiers on the right of the division.
WENSDAY JUNE 3
To day has been pleasant. Tomorrow we are to go to the switch for some soldiers of the 20th Maine who are sick.
THURSDAY JUNE 4
Started at an early hour for the switch but we met the troops and trains of the 2nd division and before they were passed orders came to return to bridge head quarters to march and we took the sick men and turned to Warrenton. we have stopped for the night at Little E[?] Grove church.
FRIDAY JUNE 5
To day moved about 2 miles in the direction of Ellisons ford and encamped.
SATURDAY JUNE 6
To day the ambulances have gone to US ford for the remainder of the 20th Maine sick. The detail remains in our camp near Crittendens mill.
SUNDAY JUNE 7
To day has been cool and pleasant. This evening received orders to take the sick at once to division hospitals.
MONDAY JUNE 8
We got loaded about 11 last night. We travelled all night got to the hospitals about 9 AM and went to Stonemans switch. Got back here Edquarters AC about 6 PM.
TUESDAY JUNE 9
This morning Ayers must keep us here till we greased the harness before going to brigade headquarters. Found this morning that my knapsack was accidently left at the hospital yesterday.
WENSDAY JUNE 10 1863
To day has been quite warm. Went this afternoon to the old gold mine near here, it has not been worked for 10 years but most of the machinery is standing. The mine has caved in.
THURSDAY JUNE 11
Moved our camp about a quarter of a mile as the batteries were too near to be pleasant.
FRIDAY JUNE 12
Division hospital. To day myself and George Arnold came to this place with 4 sick men, we got here an hour before dark. Found my knapsack which I left here last time all right. Had a pleasant chat with Dailey.
SATURDAY JUNE 13
Started back for camp about 7 this morning got here about 2 PM. Had orders to report to regt. Took in the sick a little before dark. Are to march for Norrisville.
SUNDAY JUNE 14
Reached Norrisville at 3 this morning. We were awake and harnessed at an early hour but did not start till 9 or 10. Reached this place Catlett station about dark. At first were ordered to be ready to march in an hour but it was countermanded and we stay here to night.
MONDAY JUNE 15
Started at an early hour and arrived here, Manassas Junction a little after noon. It has been terrible hot and dusty and but very little water we have to go a mile from here to get any that is decent. A good many were sun struck.
TUESDAY JUNE 16
Have remained here all day. have taken some of the worst cases of sickness to the cars.
WENSDAY JUNE 17
Started on the march this morning. Arrived at Centreville about noon and at this place Gum Springs about 4 Pm. This forenoon was very hot, this Pm there was a breeze but still hot.
THURSDAY JUNE 18
Have remained here all day, it has been very hot but about 5 Pm it began to rain and it looks as if still more would fall to night.
FRIDAY JUNE 19 1863
This afternoon moved on about 5 miles in the direction of Aldie. Near here was the cavalry fighting which we heard night before last, near here is the grave of one that was killed.
SATURDAY JUNE 20
It rained more last night and has been lowry and rainy most of the day.
Sunday june 21
There has been firing all day in the direction of Middleburg. This afternoon some of the ambulances went out and returned with men wounded from the 16th Mich.
MONDAY JUNE 22
An order came about midnight for 16 ambulances to goto Sleeperville. Hitched up and got there a little after sunrise. The officers were engaged in paroling some of the wounded rebels. We came back a piece and took on some others and returned to camp. All of our troops returned and the rebs followed them.
TUESDAY JUNE 23
To day we sent six ambulances with the wounded of the 16 Mich to fairfax
WENSDAY JUNE 24
Those who went to Fairfax yesterday returned this morning. They report most of the army there and at Centreville.
THURSDAY JUNE 25
This afternoon a shower arose which settled into a steady rain which bids fair to continue.
FRIDAY JUNE 26
Started on the march about 2 this morning and marched till after dark. It has been lowery and rainy all day. We passed through Jonesboro and crossed the Potomac on pontoons at Edwards ferry and marched some 3 miles into Maryland. We passed the mansion of expresident Monroe and another still finer. The whole of Lees army is reported in Marylan.
X SATURDAY JUNE 27
Started this morning and marched within 2 miles of Fredricktown. It has been cloudy and a fine day for marching, though the roads are somewhat cut up by heavy trains.
SUNDAY JUNE 28 1863
To day have remained in camp at this place. It has been a pleasant day. Received a letter from home and answered it.
MONDAY JUNE 29
To day marched from last camp to 3 miles beyond Liberty. A hard days march. As we came through Frederick city the soldiers got a great deal of liquor and they lay along the streets thicker than after a battle.
TUESDAY JUNE 30
To day marched to Norristown. We went by a round about road hoping to catch some rebels who were here this morning but they left. After we got here I rode up the valley a mile and a half to see if I could find some soft bread and butter, at least found a place the soldiers had not visited and got half a loaf of bread and crock of apple butter.
WENSDAY JULY 1
Started on the march at an early hour and marched to Hanover Pa where we arrived about 3 PM, staid there till just dark and then marched 9 miles farther in the direction of Gettysburg. While at Hanover I went into the town a little. The people seemed glad to see the soldiers and gave them what they had in the way of eatables.
THURSDAY JULY 2
This morning started early and marched to within 3 miles of Gettysburg and halted. About 3 PM our division was ordered to the left, they had hardly got in position when they met the enemy, a hard battle ensued which lasted till dark. We lost a great many men.
FRIDAY JULY 3
We were up all last night hauling the wounded, and to day we removed them a mile father back. About 1 Pm the heaviest cannonade I every heard commenced. It lasted till about 3 when it slackened but still continued still later but not as heavy and farther off. It is reported that Longstreet is wounded and a prisoner. George and I went to the town to have a horse shod and shall stay till morning.
SATURDAY JULY 4 1863
I had a good nights sleep and found this morning that our ambulances had been out all night picking up the wounded some of them belonged to our corps, those that should have done it were lying still. It has been rainly nearly all the time since 10 AM there has been no fighting.
SUNDAY JULY 5
This afternoon our corps started on the march toward Emmetsburg. The rebels it is reported are marching toward the Potomac. We have encamped right in the corner of Adams county about 3 miles from Emmetsburg.
MONDAY JULY 6
This morning we started on the march but only went half a mile when we were ordered to encamp and give the road to another corps.
TUESDAY JULY 7
Started on the march to day and marched within 5[?] miles of Frederick Md. It has been somewhat showery to day.
WENSDAY JULY 8
It rained a good share of last night and this forenoon. We have marched over the mountain to Middleton. It has cleared off this afternoon and the sun is shining brightly for which we are glad enough as we are as wet as we well can be.
THURSDAY JULY 9
This morning we started and marched over the mountain in the direction of Sharpsburg. It has been a pleasant day. This evening heard cannonading over the mountain to the right of Sharpsburg.
FRIDAY JULY 10
To day we moved across Antietam creek and encamped somewhere above Sharpsburg. The rebel pickets were driven from here this morning. Have heard an occasional gun to the right during the day.
SATURDAY JULY 11
This afternoon about 4 oclock we started and moved about 2 miles up the creek and again encamped.
SUNDAY JULY 12
About noon we started forward, that is the troops did, we carrying stretchers. A few shots were fired and skirmishers but we made [illegible] attack. We had a very heavy shower this afternoon and I got as wet as could be. We have got to stay by the tracks tonight.
X MONDAY JULY 13 1863
This afternoon our brigade moved farther to the front. The Pennsylvania Reserve corps was in front of us and I made the acquaintance of Col Warner of the 10th regt found him to be a cousin of fathers.
TUESDAY JULY 14
This morning the rebs were gone. We moved out nearly to Williamsport, a few prisoners were taken.
WENSDAY JULY 15
To day we started on the march. back over the mountains we went nearly to Middleburg and encamped. It was a hard days march.
THURSDAY JULY 16
To day marching within a mile of Berlin on the Potomac.
FRIDAY JULY 17
Last night it rained hard and continued most of this forenoon. A little afternoon we packed up and crossed the river and went about 3[?] miles farther to Lovettsville and encamped.
SATURDAY JULY 18
To day we marched about 8 miles and encamped. The men are too worn out to march far at a time. I should think they might give us more time to sleep in the morning and not get us up in the night.
SUNDAY JULY 19
To day we marched for 8 miles and again stopped for the day. It has been pleasant.
MONDAY JULY 20
To day we marched about 14 miles I should think and encamped about the middle of the afternoon in a pleasant place beside a fine stream of water.
TUESDAY JULY 21
To day we have staid and rested at this place.
WENSDAY JULY 22
This forenoon we went out blackberrying got about 18 quarts. A little afternoon we were ordered to march. We went about 7 miles and encamped near Rectortown.
THURSDAY JULY 23 1863
To day marched some miles into Manassas gap, there was some firing by the corps in front of us.
FRIDAY JULY 24
To day we marched a mile or so farther but were ordered back the 3d corps having driven the rebs out of the gap. We have lain still the rest of the day.
To day we marched 20 miles I should think, and encamped near Orleans on a branch of the Rappahannock I think.
To day we marched to within 2 miles of Warrenton. It has been a very hot day. Thunderstorms keep rising on the mountain and looks as if they were coming toward us but move off up the [illegible].
To day we passed Warrenton and marched some six miles beyond it and encamped. it looks as if we might stay here some days.
X TUESDAY 28
To day wrote a letter home. We remain in the camp where we stopped yesterday.
To day had a thunder shower but it is very warm. Went berrying with good success.
To day has been very warm. nothing of interest.
Ditto Friday and Saturday
Sunday August 2
Wrote a letter home. Very warm. nothing of interest.
To day have been hard at work fixing up camp as it was expected we should stay here some time, but just at night we received orders to march.
We stopped at 2 oclock. This forenoon we moved camp a little to have water convenient. It is very warm and it is in a hot place, the woods cut off all breeze.
WENSDAY AUGUST 5
To day we moved our camp and have got into a little more comfortable place. This evening there has been thunder showers all around us but very little rain fell here.
To day have been fixing up camp a little had a hard ague chill this afternoon headache this evening.
To day have cleaned up camp nicely. Built a table, going to have things comfortable if we stay here. Heavy rain this evening.
Received orders about 12 last night to march at 8 this morning. Started about that time and marched about 4 miles, encamped near the Rappahannock and in sight of the blue ridge.
To day has been very hot. Wrote a letter home.
To day received a[?] months pay. It has been very warm.
To day sent 40 dollars home. Moved our ambulances and tents into the woods. Have a very nice camp on a dry knoll.
to day has been very warm. Signs of rain this evening.
Last night had a very heavy thunder shower. This morning Inspection. Has been cooler to day.
Friday august 14
To day has been warm again. Nothing of interest and nothing to do but policing.
To day preparing for inspection tomorrow.
To day has been very warm. Inspection this morning. Have not been feeling well. Signs of rain to night.
To day has been quite cool and comfortable. Wrote a letter home.
To day has been cool and comfortable. The usual letter from home is missing.
WENSDAY AUGUST 19 1863
Last night was cool, almost chilly this morning.
To day it is somewhat warmer.
Received a letter from home to day dated the 17th.
To day got a letter that I should have had a week ago. It had been to the 94th.
To day has been pleasant nothing of interest.
To day notice was read on dress parade that 5 from our division Would be shot on the 26th for desertion.
This afternoon has been cooler, this evening it is beginning to rain.
To day has been cool. The execution of the deserters is deferred till Saturday.
Last night was cool and to day also.
To day 5 men from the 118th Pa were executed a short distance from our camp. This evening it is reported that forts Sumter and Wagner are taken. Received a letter from home this eve.
to day have been feeling quite unwell with ague, but wrote a letter home as usual and attended inspection.
Have been feeling better this morning than last night.
TUESDAY SEPT 1
Nothing of interest for the whole week.
Received a letter from home and wrote one.
Am on guard to day. Officers had a detail fixing up their Quarters.
Warm cloudy weather. Nothing of interest.
X FRIDAY SEPT 11 1863
Received a letter from home.
To day have been policing. Our new officer finds plenty of that to do.
This evening have orders to prepare of marching. We are to start at 6 AM.
This morning were up at 2 oclock did not start till after daylight. Took the sick to Bealton. Crossed the river about noon. We were behind all trains. did not get into camp near Culpepper [illegible] till after dark.
THURDAY SEPT 17
To day came about a mile this side of culpepper and encamped. Found plenty of boards from an old camp and have got fixed up quite nicely. It is a little showery this evening.
To day has rained most of the time a hard wind blowing. this evening received a letter from home.
To day there has been a cold raw wind. Nothing of interest.
To day had inspection as usual. Wrote a letter home. It has been a cold raw day.
To day went to an old brick kiln and got a load of brick and built an oven. It is thought we shall be on the move soon. Reports of a battle in progress in Tenesee.
It is reported that the rebs have withdrawn their forces from the Basidan[?] More reports of a great battle in Tenesee.
More reports from the army on the Cumberland . Disaster is feared.
Eight days rations have been ordered for the troops and we are expecting to be called to march at any time.
This evenings reports is that Rosenerans has lost heavily in men and artillery..Received a letter from home.
To day ther has been a cold wind blowing all day. Have been polishing up for inspection.
SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 27 1863
Wrote a letter home to day. Rosenerans has lost 10,000 men and 50 peices of artillery.
FRIDAY OCTOBER 2
Has rained all day. very unpleasant
No mail has come up to day as the rain has started the bridge wrote a letter home.
Received a letter from home.
To day am on guard, also split out some stuff for a tent.
WENSDAY OCT 7
To day we got out stuff for a tent and nearly sided it up.
To day have roofed our hut and got a door hung.
To day got our hut all finished except daubing.
Last night we were routed out about 1 oclock and ordered to get ready to march. Took the sick to Bealton, then went about 3 miles to the front and then returned to our old camp.
SUNDAY 11 MONDAY 12
The forces crossed the Rappahannock and this afternoon marched some miles farther and encamped for the night.
Were ordered up at 2 this morning and again retired across the river and on to Cattlets station. It is said that the rebs are in force at XXXXX Warrenton.
Made Manassas junction about 4 pm and then went back to Cup[illegible] to support 2nd corps, then started back at 10 for Centreville.
We arrived a C at 4 this morning. Slept till 8 or other started at about 11for Fairfax where we arrived at 4PM and shall probably stay all night. Have heard cannonading in the direction of [illegible] this evening.
Last night had rain. there were two or three showers during the day. We received sudden orders to march about 8PM. We started, soon after it commenced raining and continued hard
FRIDAY OCTOBR 16 1863
for an hour or more. We marched very slow making only some 3 or 4 miles 11 oclock when we went into camp.
This morning marched within a mile of Centreville and encamped.
This morning were up early and started for Fairfax. Stopped for 2 or 3 hours in the camp of Friday. Then marched around 5 or 6 miles and encamped 1/4 mile from the camp we left in the morning.
To day marched through Centreville, crossed Bull run and encamped on the old battle field.
To day marched within a mile of New Baltimore and encamped.
To day have remained in camp.
To day moved camp about half a mile to get on drier ground.
To day have remained in camp. This PM it is lowery and some rain.
To day it has rained most of the time. Received orders about 4 pm to pack up and marched 4 or 5 miles and went into camp a little after 10
To day moved camp a few rods to be more convenient to food and water.
From Monday to Friday. Pleasant weather and nothing of interest.
Orders came at 2 oclock this morning to be ready to march at 8. We started a little later than that and got into camp near 3 mile station on the Warrenton branch road about 3 PM.
We have a nice camp here in a thick grove of oaks and hickorys, but water is not plenty nor convenient. When we got up this morning it was raining but it has cleared off this afternoon.
SUNDAY NOVEMBER 1
Received a letter from home this morning and answered it.
to day has been pleasant. Nothing of interest.
TUESDAY NOVEMBER 3 1863
To day is election at home. Shall be glad to hear that the old state is as loyal as her sisters have been.
To day has been pleasant. Nothing of interest.
To day a cold wind has been blowing.
FRIDAY NOV 6
A cold wind has been blowing all day. Received order this evening to be ready to march at 630 tomorrow morning. Received a letter from home this evening.
This morning started early in the direction of Bealton. about a mile below there formed on the left of the road and advanced toward the river. Just at dark charged on the forts and captured all of the enemy and 5 peices of cannon.
This morning marched to Kellys ford, in the afternoon crossed. Heard more firing above but we had nothing to do. Bivouacked for the night about a mile from the river. A cold wind has been blowing all day.
Have remained all day where we stopped last night. Just at night we pulled up and crossed the river. It is said we captured 1900 prisoners.
This morning went into camp near the river and about 2 miles below Rappahannock station. It is expected that we shall stay here till the road is repaired.
Our forces are at Culpepper. Have been employed to day fixing up hospital tents.
The weather is pleasant. Nothing of interest.
This evening are having a rain.
This evening are having a thunder shower.
SUNDAY NOVEMBER 18 1863
This morning have been having some more rain. Cleared off a little before noon. Received a letter from home and answered it. Heard firing apparently on the Rapidan. Marching orders have been received.
X THURSDAY 19
This morning were awakened with orders to be ready to march at 8. Got ready and started about that time. Crossed the river on the pontoons and went into camp near the rest of the corps.
To day received a[?] months pay and clothing money for the year.
Has been raining all day and this evening still continues.
To day wrote a letter home.
Have orders to be ready to march at six tomorrow morning.
This morning were up early and prepared to march. Commenced raining about daylight but we started and went about a mile when we were ordered back to camp.
Went to the regt and had some teeth filled. Am on guard to night. Orders came between 11 and 12 to be ready to march at six AM.
X THURSDAY 26
Started about 8 AM. crossed the river just before sundown. Moved through the woods some distance till we struck a plank road then marched in an easterly direction til we came to a cleared spot and encamped.
To day marched first in an easterly direction, then northwesterly along a plank road, all of the time through a wilderness. Just at night came to an openingwhere there was a house, there was a battle in front of that with the 3d div.
this morning marched by a circuton route some 3 or 4 miles, came upon a pike at Bolands tavern. Rained all the forenoon. Here we stop for the night 3 or 4 corps are in front of us.
SUNDAY NOVEMBER 29 1863
This morning started before daylight and marched some 2 miles to the front. our brigade releiving the 2nd corps pickets. The rebs have been hard at work on the hill in front of us throwing up works, their pickets firing on any one who showed themselves through the woods.
MONDAY 30 T
This morning a cannonade was opened along the whole length of our line, the rebs made no reply and in half an hour or so it ceased. In the afternoon the rebs threw a few shells but were soon silenced by our shells. There has been no picket firing.
TUESDAY DECEMBER 1
To day the heavy artillery squad[?] and teams have been sent to the rear. This evening all the teams are going back except the pickets. We go at three in the morning.
Left the front about three got to the river at daylight marched within 4 miles of Brandy station and encamped.
To day our corps marched across the rappahannock at the station. We are to guard the railroad.
To day went into a peice of woods and cleared up a place for camp but the officers have concluded to move near brigade Headquarters.
To day moved camp
To day most of the boys have been at work fixing up quarters. We drew up some stuff for it. Wrote a letter home.
To day worked hard putting up quarters.
To day have nearly finished our house and have got into it. We have made it very comfortable.
To day some of our regt had a skirmish outside the picket line with guerillas.
The body of Dr Free was brought in to day. He was murdered by guerillas. He was a fine man much thought of.
To day has been raining a little.
SUNDAY DECEMBER 13 1863
Rained hard last night. To day is warmer, Wrote a letter home.
Have been at work putting up a kitchen for our squad.
Nearly finished with our kitchen to day.
To day has been lowery and unpleasant. Received an express box from home this evening.
thursday 17 Rained all last night and most of the time to day.
Rained some last night. To day has been lowery but no rain.
Visited the regt this evening. No letter from home. Found the air very cold when I got out of the woods.
Nothing of interest to day. Wrote a letter home.
To day have been reading Capt Waryatts novel Peter Simple, it is very interesting.
To day have been policing camp It looks like a storm.
To day have been at police duty. A cold wind has been blowing. This evening is clear and very cold. Fox visited me to day.
To day have been at work getting brush for a fence. Received a letter from home. Many of the boys have commenced to keep Christmas by getting drunk.
To day has passed off pleasantly. Had oysters for dinner. There has been a good deal of drunkness.
To day has been pleasant. Received a letter from home.
commenced raining this morning and continued all day, and is still at it this evening.
X MONDAY 28 Rained all last night and has been unpleasant and rained some to day cleared off this evening.
To day has been pleasant.
WENSDAY DECEMBER 30 1863
Has been very pleasant to day. Some of our regt came down to the depot at 11 am to go home, but a train had run off the track below and at dark they had not gone.
THURSDAY DECEMBER 31, 1863
Has been raining all day and this evening is dark and unpleasant. 12 oclock. 1863 is gone the year with all its joys and sorrows, its hardships and pleasures. Many who were with us at the beginning of the year are lyeng mouldering on the battle field or maimed and suffering in hospitals. A terrible year of waris past. We have rejoiced at victories but mourned at the deaths of companions. We have been cast down by defeats but hoped for the best. may this war be ended and this year made happy by our reunions at home.
FRIDAY JANUARY 1 1864
This morning the Blue mountains were white with snow though we have none here. The day has been unpleasant but it has cleared off this evening. We have had an excellent dinner and a pleasant time.
Last night I think was the coldest I have seen in Virginia. Water in pails froze up almost solid. To day has been cold a raw wind. Received a letter from home this morning.
To day has been pleasant but cold. Hunt was over to visit us this afternoon.
To day has been snowing all day. This evening received orders to be ready to march. It is enough to make a body homesick to have to leave our quarters such a time. Still we hope it may be countermanded.
To day has been very cold for Va. We have not marched yet and I very much hope we shall not though the orders have not been countermanded.
To day has been cloudy and cold. Nothing of interest occurring. Have been reading Wilke collins No Name. It is very interesting.
This morning found 5 inches of snow on the ground.
To day received the things that we packed up a Halls hill most of the things were missing except some blankets. Received a long letter from home.
SUNDAY JANUARY 10 1864
To day has been pleasant. Wrote a letter home. This afternoon went over to the regt to see Hunt. Had a pleasant visit. Got back just at dark.
MONDAY - Nothing of interest
To day my teammates and myself went to the artists and had our pictures taken together.
To day our commander had our whole force out building a brush fence to protect the corps from the gurillas. It has been cloudy and thawing all day.
To day have put window in our house making it much pleasanter. Went over to the regt this afternoon to visit Reuben, as he is quite unwell.
To day went to Alexandria with the 83d Pa. Had some photographs taken and got a german grammer. Returned on the 7 Pa train.
SATURDAY 16 Went over to the regt this afternoon. It has been thawing all day and is getting very muddy.
Has been lowery and rainy all day.
Rained last night most of the time and to day.
Have been at work to day laying sidewalk in front of our quarters. WENT TO THE ARTISTS TO DAY.
Went to the artists to day and had another negative taken. he was not satisfied with the other.
To day has been pleasant. The sun shining brightly has thawn out the ground making it very muddy.
To day has been pleasant and sunshiny. Went over to the regt after supper to see reuben and found him much better. came back and found a letter from home.
SATURDAY JANUARY 23 1864
To day has been pleasant nothing to do have passed the time studying german and reading. This is a beautiful moonlight evening. am on guard from 11 to 1.
Our regt has received orders to go to Alexandria to do guard duty. Went over there this afternoon they had their tents struckand were loading on the cars. They go at 8 oclock.
To day has been warm and pleasant. more like May than January.
To day has been very pleasant. This evening had a seranade some very good music. Am on guard from 11 to 1.
To day has been a beautiful day. as warm and sunshiny as may. To pleasant to read or study and have nothing else to do. The pickets from our regt were releived and went to A.
Another beautiful sunshiny day. Too pleasant to read or study and too warm to play. No work to do.
Still the weather continues fine. Went down to the station and got our photographs this afternoon, and then went down again this evening to see if any of our boys were on the train but saw none.
To day has been lowery and unpleasant some. Went down to the depot at 7 and met our boys and went with them to Alexandria.
Went down to the city a little while this afternoon. Received a letter from home.
MONDAY FEBRUARY 1
Went down and around the city some to day. Got my photographs and returned on the 7 PM train to camp.
To day clouded up. Then looked like being pleasant again. This evening are having a hard thunder shower.
To day the wind has blown hard all day. It went down with the sun however and bids fair to us a cold night.
MONDAY FEBRUARY 15 1864
Has been snowing all day and quite cold. It begins to look quite wintry again.
This morning the sun came out brightly and soon cleared the snow off but the wind has been blowing hard all the evening and it is freezing very hard.
To day the wind has been blowing hard all day and this evening it is freezing hard.
X THURSDAY 18
The weather still continues cold. Wind has not blown as much as yesterday. This evening is bright clear and cold.
To day has been cold but pleasant. The boys have been skating on the Rappahannock. Am on guard to night. It is a beautiful moonlight night but cold.
Has been warmer. Rode down to the river this afternoon to have a slide on the ice but it had softened so it would not hold.
To day went down to the RR at 4 Pm and went down to Brandy with our boys. came back at 8. it has been quite warm and is getting so dry that the dust flies.
Has been pleasant most of the day but this evening looks like a storm. The paymaster is at the 83 and we expect to get our pay tomorrow.
This is a most beautiful day. Birds singing and it looks like a good sap day if only had the trees. Went down to the regt and got our pay this forenoon.
This evening rode over to division head quarters and got 4 letters for myself. Had a pleasant ride. Arnolds brother came here this afternoon.
This forenoon rode down to the 2nd brigade about 3 miles from here. It has been a pleasant day and we had a nice ride.
FRIDAY FEBRUARY 26 1864
The wind has been blowing hard and cold all day. Have been feeling lame from over exertion on the slack rope.
To day has been pleasant very little of interest. This evening orders were received for 4 ambulances to go with 4 days rations. The army seems to be going on a reconnaisance.
To day has been pleasant. Nothing heard from the front. None of the ambulances have gone away and think they will not have to.
Went down to the RR at 4 oclock. Reub came up on the train and brought me 2 letters. It is very dark this evening and beginning to rain.
TUESDAY MARCH 1
This month opens rainy and unpleasant. the rain freezing to the trees this evening. it has been snowing some.
The sun came up bright this morning and has taken all the snow off but it has been chilley.
Arnolds brother left us this morning for his home. It has been a warm and pleasant day nothing of interest going on.
X FRIDAY 4
To day has been pleasant. The Herald of yesterday gives the reason for the marching orders of Sunday. Kilpatrick is on a raid for Richmond, hope he may be successful.
Went down to the RR this afternoon and xxxx saw some of our boys. Received a letter from home.
Very pleasant to day. Spent the time writing and reading.
Went down to the RR and saw two boys from our company.
Commenced to rain this morning and has been hard at it all day. One of the boys from Co. G has been here most of the day.
To day has been lowery misty and unpleasant. Nothing of interest.
SATURDAY MARCH 12 1864
Cleared up last night and to day has been pleasant, drying up the mud somewhat.
To day has been very pleasant. Wrote a letter home.
Went down to the RR this afternoon. saw Willis Norse and got a letter from home with Nellie Norsen picture.
Had a little flurry of snow to day and cleared off with a cold raw wind.
This has been a cold raw day. This evening they are having a grand ball at division headquarters. Nearly all the ambulances are to haul the ladies from the RR.
To day has been pleasant but nothing of interest going on here though the Irish regts are having a grand times I suppose as it is St. Patricks day.
Received orders this evening to be ready to march at a moments notice. At roll call had orders to be ready to march at 2 oclock so we are packing up, but still hope not have to move.
Were called up at 3 oclock and harnessed up the teams but did not march. After daylight unharnessed again. We have got to be prepared again to night.
Last night were prepared to march but no alarm was received. A letter from home and answered it.
Have been miserable with bilious fever and sore throat.
Have had a sorer throat to day than yesterday. This evening it is snowing fast.
This morning there was nearly a foot of light now, but it has been a bright sunshiny day and to night it has shrunk to 3 or 4 inches.
Has been a bright sunshiny day. Received a letter from cousin [?] this evening. Am going to the regt tomorrow as orderley from brigade headquarters.
X FRIDAY MARCH 25 1864
Went down to the RR at 9 AM. Got to A at 2 PM. Went out to the regt. found the Reub had gone down town. Went down town and after a little came across him. This evening it is raining hard.
Went down town this morning and brought me a flute. This evening went to parkers minstrels. Did not think much of it.
Returned to Rappahannock this PM. got here at 4 P. Wrote a letter home this evening.
To day has been pleasant, nothing of interest going on.
To day has been stormy, it has been raining hard all the evening.
WENSDAY 30 Rained hard all last night and a good deal of the time to day. The river is higher than I ever saw it before.
Two of our boys came here this morning and got breakfast. they had staid at the station all night, the river was so high that the trains could not cross.
FRIDAY APRIL 1
Is raining this evening. Have been carpentering a little to day.
A violin and guitar player have been here from the 83 and we have had some music.
To day has been pleasant. Wrote a letter home this evening.
Commenced to snow this morning, then turned to rain and has been raining all day. and is it yet with no signs of stopping.
Rained all last night and is raining yet. it is dull enough.
Cleared off this forenoon and this evening it is very fleasant.
To day has been warm and pleasant, much like spring.
FRIDAY APRIL 8 1864
To day has been warm and pleasant, but it looks as if we should have rain before long.
Just as we got into bed last night 4 boys came here who had come up to attend a court martial. Sig got supper for them and we found sleeping places. Commenced to rain this morning and has been hard at it all day. It is dreary enough.
X SUNDAY 10
This morning came off warm and pleasant. The river is so high as to endanger the bridge. This afternoon it is raining again.
A bridge has been carried away beween here and Alexandria so that no train came down.
Trains came down again this evening.
To day we received our pay. Went down to the depot at 4 oclock and went to Alexandria with the boys. Got there about [?].
Had a good visit with Harrison Nichols at the Woolf street hospital. Purchased some books and returned on the evening train.
FRIDAY SATURDAY and SUNDAY
lowery rainy and unpleasant. nothing of interest.
To day has been pleasant. This afternoon the boys laid down a floor and this evening had a dance. Had 3 violins and 2 guitars for music. Did not break up till 12 oclock.
TUESDAY 19 Pleasant
[illegible] blowing. It is reported that our
This afternoon went down to the RR and Reuben Fox came back with me to supper.
X FRIDAY 22
pleasant. Nothing of interest.
Received 2 letters from home this afternoon. It has been a very pleasant spring day though the wind has been blowing hard.
SUNDAY APRIL 24 1864
To day has been pleasant. Wrote a letter home. Walked down to the RR this afternoon and got onto the cars and rode down to brandy and came back on the 7 [?] train.
rained [illegible] last night, but this morning the sun came out bright and pleasant. Had a mess of dock greens for dinner.
To day has been warm and pleasant. Read one of Coopers novels "Ways of The Hour"
To day has been very pleasant nothing of interest going on.
Went down to the RR this afternoon but there was none of our boys on the train. They have been releived and will probably be up here this week.
X FRIDAY 29
Our regt. came down here this PM at 4 oclock. Went down to the 82d Pa regt this evening and heard some good music.
To day has been pleasant. The A E passed here this forenoon. I expect we may go tomorrow.
SUNDAY MAY 1
Were up early this morning. Got our breakfast and hauled out about 7 30. We crossed the river and went into camp about 1 Pm half a mile from Brandy station.
MONDAY MAY 2
to day has been pleasant. have been lying in camp where we stopped yesterday. This afternoon had a storm of wind and dust so that we could see but a few rods. It soon began to rain and that settled it.
This morning the mountains were white with snow and the wind raw. xxxxx we broke camp and marched within amile or so of Culpepper. It is reported that we march at 12 oclock.
Broke camp at 12 last night and marched. We went by a round about way we did not get to Strausburg untill after daylight. crossed the river Rapidan about 9 oclock and then halted for refreshment. We then marched till about 2 Pm and encamped near the house in which Stonewall Jackson died.
May 20 1920 In the National Tribune of this date, in a sketch of the present senator, James W. Wadsworth Jr., it says that James S. Wadsworth, grandfather of the senator was killed May 4, 1864. I remember distinctly seeing him fall from his horse tho I was a good ways from him and did not know who it was till afterward & that I had some record of the occurence either in my letters or diary but cannot find it.
THURSDAY MAY 5 1864
This morning we were routed out at 4 oclock and we thought we were going to move on without meeting the enemy but soon found the troops were forming for battle. Our division formed on the road that runs east and west about noon. On our left the firing was kept up till dark. We have got to sleep to night without blankets.
Firing was commenced as soon as daylight and was kept up for an hour or two, then there was only a little skirmishing. About noon the rebs threw some shells that came unpleasantly near our party and one was wounded and one bruised. Just before dark the rebs made a sudden attack on our right and came near turning it. After dark the whole of our force fell back behind their breastworks.
This morning the rebs came out through the woods and our artillery opened on them and afterwards we charged on them and drove them back through the woods. There has been some skirmish firing all day. Quite a number of the 16th Mich were wounded. Just at dark we went to the hospital and loaded up all the sick and started for Chancelorville.
We arrived at Chancelorville about 3 this morning, staid there till daylight and then marched along the Fredricksburg pike to within 8 miles of that place, then we took a [illegible] road and marched in the direction of Spottsylvania 8 H [?]. We got to the lines a little after dark. Our regt and the 83 Pa had been in a hard fight this morning and lost severely. We hunted all around but could not find the regt so we laid down and went to sleep.
Found the regt this morning. They have been resting to day, there has been but little firing to day. Our regt lost severely yesterday. Cousin Willis is wounded and missing. The regt has lost 155 killed wounded and missing since we crossed the Rapidan. Our skirmish [illegible] just before dark and there was some pretty sharp firing but it has died away and I think we will have a chance to sleep to night.
TUESDAY MAY 10 1864
There has been some heavy fighting this afternoon and severe cannonading. Our brigade was ordered to the front and expected to charge but the order was countermanded. Our boys were glad enoughof it. Gen Rice was carried off the field shot through the knee.
Has not been much firing to day except artillery. This afternoon have had some rain and it looks as if might have more. It is said Gen Rice died last night.
X THURSDAY 12
There has been cannonading along the whole line to day. The 2nd corps moved to the left and drove the rebels capturing men and guns. Toward night almost the entire force moved to the left near to the spot where Hancock was successfull. It rained all this forenoon and is raining again this evening.
Rained slowly nearly all night but I slept comfortably with two others on a rubber blanket with a woollen on over us. About 4 oclock we were routed out and moved to the right and halted. In a field in the rear of our first position and got breakfast. There has been but little fighting to day some artillery firing. Our brigade threw up entrenchment on the line they took this morning. This evening a complimentory order from Gen Meade was read to the troops, stating that we had forced the enemy to retire from their entrenchments with a loss to them of 18 guns 8000 prisoners and 22 colors.
Were routed out at 11 last night and told we had to march 7 miles. It was not very dark though cloudy but the first 2 miles were the muddiest I ever had [?] to walk through. We waded through the one stream that came to the knee. After we had gone aboout 5 miles myself and 2 companions stopped at 8th [?] corps hospital where there was a large fire and dried ourselves and laid down and slept till daylight. We came up to the regt with a half hours march. There has been no fighting to day of any account. This evening one of our batteries opened on a rebel encampment and made them strike tents in a hurry.
To day has been a day of rest and refreshment. It has been pleasant but this afternoon had a short shower. Have come back to the train and are going to stay here to night. Wrote a letter home.
X MONDAY MAY 16 1864
Has been no fighting at all to day so the boys have had a good chance to rest up. Went to the train and did some washing. This afternoon most of the train went to the last hospital to get the wounded.
To day has been pleasant no fighting going on. The men have been digging trenches all over the field expectin there will be some artillery firing tomorrow. Our brigade moved farther to the front this evening after dark [?].
To day has been pleasant. Our brigade moved farther to the front last night and threw up breastworks. Two of our boys were wounded by shells. Some came into the train and are going to stay here to night. Got two letters from home to night.
This morning going down to the brigade stopped at the 8th Art and saw Dell and some others that I knew. One of the 83 Pa was wounded by a sharpshooter this afternoon. Had a light shower this afternoon. The rebs made an attack on our right and drove it back as it was held by heavy artillery. But our men rallied and drove them back, taking some prisoners.
The pickets in our front have been very friendly this evening exchanging papers, &c. It has been pleasant and dry so far. Went up to the train this afternoon. Went to the 8th for a short ime and saw Dell.
All was very quiet this forenoon but a little afternoon we began to fall back. The rebs followed up our skirmishers rappidly. We marched till we came to the RR and followed it down a ways then turned southward and marched till 9 oclock and went into camp.
To day we started about 10 our brigade in advance. there was no skirmishing. 3 of our regt were wounded by a shell. We went into camp a little before dark.
MONDAY MAY 23 1864
Started early this morning, we marched with the train. We came to the North Anna about noon. Our division crossed without difficulty, and the whole of the corps was across before 5 oclock. About 6 the first brigade was advancing when the rebs made a fierce attackbut were repulsed. our loss 100 was small but think theirs was greater as our batteries had a good chance and theirs had none.
Lay behind the breastworks which we threw up untill late in the afternoon when we moved a mile to the right and encamped. There was some heavy firing during the day aparently 8 or 10 miles down the river but all was quiet where we were.
This morning we moved a mile or two along the RR towards the junction. There has been some skirmishing along the little river in front of us. The troops have been engaged in tearing up and destroying the railroad.
Our regt was on picket last night, there were none of themhurt though there was some firing. Had a shower this morning and this forenoon and again this evening. After dark we fell back across the North Anna. I stopped at the train and we are to follow the troops as soon as they get across.
We did not get started till daylight and then we went only a mile before we stopped and got breakfast. We then started and went rappidly 6 or 8 miles when we halted again a little before noon. This afternoon we marched slower but made good progress. We did not get into camp till nearly 11 oclock though the troops were in earlier.
Started early this morning 4 of us went ahead foraging and succeeded in capturing a pig. We finally turned off to the Pamunkey along which we have been marching for two days and crossed it. Took our stretchers and went to the regts. Found the troops encamped along the top of a hill a mile from the river and throwing up breastworks, they have to stop doing it this evening and the boys think we will move in the morning.
SUNDAY MAY 29 1864
We were awakened at daylight by the bugle blowing Dan Dan Dac Butterfield Butterfield, the call of the 3d brigade. We have been marching during the day, but slowly and stopping often as the way must be felt out in front of us.
To day our division advanced about 2 miles. The Pa reserves on left were driven back and before the reserves could form the rebs were upon them and drove them back. However the 2nd 4th divisions formed along the road and threw up breastworks and sent heavy lines into the woods the rebels attacked them but were repulsed. do not know whether they regained the ground the reserves lost or not. A brigade of the 9th corps releived our 2nd brigade . our regt is on picket to night.
Our regt was releived about noon and our division moved to the left into the woods. a nice shady place. There has been heavy firing on the left and right.
WENSDAY JUNE 1
Our brigade remained in the woods where we came yesterday till a little after noon. When we advanced going around the swamp in front of us. Our regt commence throwing up breastworks. Our skirmishers were on a little rise about 30 rods in front of us. They advanced to the top of the hill but could not come over though they kept their colors flying. At dark we received reinforcements but they were so scared that they fired into our regt killing one man and wounded one other. We carried off these men only one of them from our regt. There was heavy firing on our left that continued untill after dark.
We remained in the breastworks untill 3 PM when we moved out leaving only the pickets. We had not gone more than half a mile when the pickets on the right came in saying they were driven. We went a little farther and found the 9th corps forming in line of battle at right angles to our former one. Pretty soon the rebbs attacked but were repulsed. Half and hour after they attacked again and the firing was kept up untill after dark when we had a chance to make coffee. Soon after noon we had a sharp shower and this evening it is drizzleing.
FRIDAY JUNE 3 1864
This morning the pickets were close up to us 500 yardsback of where the line was last night. Soon after daylight a line was formed in the field and advanced to the woods, the artillery throwing shells directly in front of them. Directly a rebel battery on our left opened on ours the shell bursting in front of the breastworks in which we lay and lengthways of them. One of Col [?] was killed and several others on the right of the regt. Our batteries then turned on them and after a while nearly silenced them. Then the 2nd and 3d brigades swung around into the field to straighten the line. One man in our regt was killed and 6 or 7 wounded. Just at right a man on the picket line was wounded Sig and I went out to get him but he died soon after we got him in. There was heavy firing way on the left this evening.
SATURDAY JUNE 4
This morning the rebs were gone from in front of us and our boys went into their breastworks. 36 dead horses lay about where their guns were yesterday, and large numbers of small arms. About noon we moved out of the breastworks and we thought we were going off to the left but there was some mistake and we were ordered back. it is raining some this evening.
X SUNDAY 5
To day we have lain behind the breastworks. There has been some picket firing but no wounded. At dusk there was some very heavy firing on the left and the picket firing ran along the line down to us. We expected an attack but there was none made. We shall move out before morning.
We moved to the church about 11 oclock but did not go any farther untill nearly daylight. We then went some 3 miles farther and encamped. We have had a good resting dayand have dried [?] shoes and socks. also got a mail.
This morning we were routed out as soon as daylight and 2 division of our corps started. We thought we were going on some sort ofa reconnaisance, but we were only some 3 or 4 miles and went into camp. one of the regts from each brigade going on picket on the chickahominy.
X WENSDAY 8
We are taking it very easy to day. The rebs threw a few shells.
WENSDAY JUNE 8 1864
We are taking it easy these days. The rebs threw a few shells but only made a noise and wasted their ammunition. This morning they fired at a crowd around the butchers and succeeded in scaring the butchers away, but the boys came near carrying away all of the meat before they left. 5 Pm The rebs have just thrown a shell which burst in a tent of the 5th 2 Mass battery and killed 2 and wounded 5. It came near 5 miles.
All has been quiet here to day. Our regt laid out camp and put up tents. We came back to the train half a mile from the regt and put up a tent.
This morning the 9th Mass left for the White House on their way home. It has been quiet. Some think we are to make another move to the left. It is reported that we are taking up the RR and reshipping the stores.
All has been very quiet to day. The other two divisions of our corps it is said have moved to the left on the Chickahominy.
Everything was very quiet to day. In the afternoon Gen Grant and Meade passed. Just after dark we started on the march keeping along down the river. After marching till 1 oclock we stretcher carriers have stopped to wait till morning. I suppose the troops will go on and cross the river.
After an hours walk this morning we crossed the river and came up with our division. We stopped and made coffee. Our corps moved on a mile or so farther and stopped for the day. There is a line of battle formed for the protection of the crossing of the rest of the troops. Started a little after dark and marched till 2 oclock.
Started on the march again this morning. arrived at charles city court house about 10 30 and stopped for coffee. This afternoon we marched 2 or 3 miles and ended near the river. The 2nd corp is being sent up the river as fast as possible. Went down to the river just at night and had a fine bath.
WENSDAY JUNE 15 1864
To day has been very warm. The 3rd corps trains are being shipped. There are some beautiful fields of clover oat and wheat here. the wheat is almost fit to cut but little of it will be of any use to the sowers I fear. It is said that our division is to remain here till every thing else is shipped.
X THURSDAY 16
This morning early we went down to the river. We were ferried across about 1 oclockand went up the bank a mile or two and halted till 3. When we started and marched rappidly until 11 oclock when my companion and myself fell out pretty well tired out. It is reported that the first line of works has been captured at Petersburg, and we must get up in supporting distance.
Came up with the troops about sunrise. The 2nd corps is in front of us. We have been lying all day where the division stopped last night. There has been some heavy firing on the left. There is a long line of works near us that were captured last night.
This morning our division moved to the front. We lay a little to the left of some breastworks taken last night by the 9th corps. One of our boys counted 70 dead rebels. I did not go near till a good many were buried but I saw 25 or 30. About noon we moved up farther into some breastworks. At dark we moved up close to the skirmishers and not more that 250 or 300 yards from the breastwork. and went to work throwing up works. The 1st and 2nd brigades are in front of us and expect to charge.
for some reason there was no charge made last night. As soon as it was light the rebs began popping at every head that showed it self above the breastworks. Three of our regt were instantly killed before 9 oclock. After that the boys were more careful and no more were hit. In the afternoon two morters were opened in the rear of our regt which dropped shells very nicely into the rebel works. The rebs opened on them with shell and cannister which came very near us but none of us were hit.
we have lain all day behind the works. One of our boys who was 1/2 of a mile behind the regt after [illegible] was wounded through the calf of the leg by a stray ball. That was the only one of our regt wounded to day. The 16th Mich and 83 Pa on our left had several wounded.
MONDAY JUNE 20 1864
About 11 oclock we were releived by the 3d division and went half a mile to the rear and bivouacked for the night.
This morning we moved about 2 miles to the left and went into the woods, and we thought we were going to lay off for a while but pickets were thrown out and in the evening we advanced and threw up breastworks. One of our boys was killed on picket this evening.
To day we have lain in the trenches which we threw up last night. Our regt and one or two others are in the 2nd line. It has been quite quiet during the day except a little cannonading. Until 10 PM when some sharp musketry and some shelling broke out on the left of us. It did not last 5 minutes but is reported that the rebs made the attack and captured some cannon. After a half an hour it broke out again and kept up untill dark. It seems to be an attempt to advance the pickets.
This morning and this evening there was considerable firing between the pickets during the day it was so warm the pickets seemed to prefer to lie still. This evening there was quite a rumpus kicked up but it did not amount to much.
This morning there was a heavy cannonade on the right. It appeared [?] they were shelling the city. After a little the rebs commenced to throw shells over us and kept it up quite lively for half an hour our batteries replying [?]. Only one man in our brigade was hit.
Went back to the hospital to day for some rations. It has been very hot day though there was some breeze. Dell Clapp was over to the Co this morning. There has been the usual amount of skirmish firing but few hit I think.
To day has been quiet along here. An occasionall discharge of artillery to the right of us. This evening it clouded up, there was some thunder and it looked as if we should get rain but it proved to be only wind. Wrote a letter home.
MONDAY JUNE 27 1864
To day has been hot but this evening we had a little shower. It has been pretty quiet right in our front but a little to the right the pickets keep firing. There was also some cannonading to the right. It looks very much as if we were seiging[?]
To day has been comfortably cool. It has been quiet most of the time, occasionally a cannon booms out on the right. In the afternoon the battery at the right of our regt fired a dozen shots or so at some horses in the rebel lines.
X WENSDAY 29
Last night was very cool. To day has been quiet and not very hot. One of our boys who has been down on the right says the rebel sharpshooters keep up a continual fire and also throw mortar shells into our works. Our men are mining a fort there.
To day has been hot and dusty. nothing of interest going on.
FRIDAY JULY 1
Everything goes on the same. the weather hot. our boys are digging wells.
To day went over to the 2nd corps and saw Dell. Found it very hard and dusty walking. Received a letter from home and answered it.
To day there has been the usual amount of cannonading and picket firing, but all quiet here.
To day there has been nothing very unusal except a display of flags on the enemys works and our own. Our bands are playing and the rebels crowded on their works to hear the music.
To day has been like the past nothing of interest. The regt has been laying out streets and fixing up some. Two of our stretcher carriers went back to the train so there is only two of us here now.
To day have moved our quarters to make room for the officers tents. Have good news from Shermans army this morning.
THURSDAY JULY 7 1864
This morning the rebels commenced throwing shells at a new line which we had commenced in front of our line to straighten it. About 9 oclock the men who went to the train Tuesday came back and said we must go to the train. The winds has been blowing hard and the dust flying like snow But one man was hurt in the brigade though the rebels kept up the firing all day.
To day the boys have been digging a well. Dry as the weather is they found plenty of water at 10 ft. This evening have the news that the Alabama has been sunk in an engagement with the US gunboat Kearsarge.
To day there appears to have been no firing at all at the front. The most quiet day we have had since we have been here.
To day there has been some cannonading. It clouded up and for a while it looked as if we should have rain but none came. Received a letter from home and answered it.
The dust has been flying in perfect clouds to day. This afternoon is clouded up and there was lightning and thunder but the showers all went around us. This evening it is sprinkling a little.
We had rain enough last night to lay the dust for an hour after sunrise. We were all awakened at 3 this morning the stretcher bearers ordered to the front and the teams hitched up expecting there was going to be wounded, but when we got to the front all was quiet and has been all day.
X WENSDAY 13
To day there has been a breeze blowing so it has not been so hot. The rebels have been throwing some shells but have not done much hurt. This evening our mortars have been at work, the shells lighted by the fuses make beautiful curves.
This morning as soon as daylight started to go to the train found it cool and pleasant walking and it has been cool and pleasant all day. The rebs have cut the RR between Piedmont and Washington. There is considerable excitement and a rush for papers.
FRIDAY JULY 15 1864
To day our men a little to the left of us have been throwing mortar shells quite lively into the rebel works. The rebs have thrown a few shells over us but have not done much harm. This evening it is reported the the rebel raid has reached the Potomac and that Custer has captured their train.
THURSDAY SAT 16
To day has been quiet. Our mortars on the right have been at work some. This is a beautiful moonlight evening. The 83 Pa are enjoying it, they have a violin and flute player on the breastworks and are dancing in the street.
To day has been quiet nothing of interest going on. Wrote a letter home. This evening the regts were all in arms on account of the reports of the pickets that the enemy seemed to be forming in the hollow
last night passed off quietly. To day has been very quiet though a few mortar shells were thrown not far from here. There is more or less of that going on every day a little to the right of us, but we have become so accustomed to it that we hardly notice it.
To day we have been having a fine rain, it commenced in the night and has been raining all day. To night it looks like clearing off.
To day sunshine and clouds. Went up to the big fort at the left found the 104th in it. Had a short visit with George Stryker.
This morning Smith and Jack came to the front and Sig and I went back to the train. It is more comfortable than when we were here last. the dust does not fly so.
There was some heavy firing in the 7th [?] corps this afternoon but dont know what it amounted to.
To day had inspection of the train Wrote a letter home.
To day has been cool and pleasant. Wrote a letter home. This evening it is raining.
X MONDAY 25
Last nights rain was cold. To day came off cool and pleasant. This evening ther seems to be unusual firing at the front.
TUESDAY JULY 26 1864
To day has been pleasant. This evening a part of the 2nd corps passed on the road to city point. Where they are going we cannot imagine.
It is reported that the 2nd corps captured 4 guns and 1000 prisoners at Malvern hill. this morning. It is springlike this evening and looks like rain.
This morning Sig and I came out to the front and Smith and Jack went back. found some change. There has been a deal of digging the past week.
To day 6 8 inch mortars were put in position behind our regt. This evening the 5th mass battery came up to the right of our regt. It is thought an attempt will be made to carry the rebel works tomorrow.
This morning a rebel fort in front of the 9th corps was blown up and immediately all the guns and mortars along our line opened fire. A charge was made and the rebel line carried where the fort was blown up The rebs tried to retake it but were repulsed. The firing pretty much ceased at noon. We had a good view as we were at the left of the line and not few shots came any where near us. About noon the rebs again made a charge and recaptured the fort. Since all has been quiet. Our pickets went out and were not fired on.
This morning the mortars in rear of us were removed. A flag of truce was sent out for permission to remove the wounded and bury the dead. The matter seems to be pending and nothing done yet.
MONDAY AUG 1
This morning the wounded were removed and the dead buried. I have heard a report that our loss was only 300 but think it must be greater. The paymaster is around and think we will get our pay tomorrow or next day.
This morning went out to the 104th to see George Stryker and learned he had lost a thumb by a piece of shell when on picket.
WENSDAY AUGUST 3 2864
Received 4 months pay this morning. Jack and Smith came out and we returned to the train.
THURSDAY AND FRIDAY
Thars nothing of interest.
This morning it is reported that the rebs blew up one of our forts, but it was a total failure to them as it was known to us. The boys say there was heavy firing last night but it failed to wake me.
Went over this morning to see Dell found him somewhat unwell. Received a letter from home and answered it.
X MONDAY 8
To day for the sake of a little style all of our tents must be moved into a single row and a shade built over them. However I do not suppose we were much worse for the labor.
X TUESDAY 9
This morning came out to the regt and the others went in. it has been warm nothing of interest going on. This even we are having a shower. About noon to day we heard a noise like thunder though there were no clouds in the sky. In the evening we learned that it was the explosion of a boat load of ammunition at city point.
The rebs were throwing shells over this way all night at intervals. Though none came dangerously near us their shreiking was not conducive to sleep.
We are having beautiful moonlight evenings now but small chance to enjoy them. Although not a mile from the cookade city none of us have yet visited it, and it looks as if it would be a long time yet before we shall have an opportunity. Received a letter from home this evening.
Nothing of interest going on. Sunday. Wrote a letter home.
X MONDAY 15
This morning early we were releived by the 9th corps and our corps went to the rear and bivouacked. Sig and I went to the train as our 5 days were up. We had a very hard thunder shower this PM.
TUESDAY AUGUST 16 1864
This morning was pretty cool but the sun came out warm in the afternoon. Was detailed for police duty.
Last night were awakened at 10 and told to pack up everything. Laid down after it was done and got a little nap. Were awakened at 2 and ordered to hitch up. Got breakfast as we expected to mve out at once, and then laid down and slept till daylight. are in camp yet. It is raining this evening.
We were aroused at one oclock to pack up and be ready to move. about 2 AM a heavy cannonade opened along the line. We did not start till daylight. Moved down the plank road 2 miles then marched to the right about a mile, then went in line of battle a mile when we came to the P & W RR and commened to tear it up. About 2 pm heavy musketry opened upon the RR. We were moved in line of battle in that direction but after a little moved off by the flank and went down paralell to the RR and threw up breastworks. A good deal of rain has fallen this PM.
This has been a rainy day. All was quiet untill 3 PM when heavy firing commened upon the right of the RR. The rebs appeared to be driving our men. Our brigade was moved and our regt got opposite corps headquarters when Gen Warren ordered us to go into some breastworks there. The brigade did not go much farther but returned to their old places as our men had stopped the progress of the enemy without our help.
there has been no fighting to day. We have had one hard shower. We remained by corps headquarters untill afternoon when we took our places on the left of the brigade. Received a letter from home this morning.
This morning were ordered to pack up and we thought we were going to move, but we soon found the rebs were about to attack. Which they did and were repulsed with heavy loss of killed wounded and prisoners and colors. Almost the whole corps train was sent off loaded with rebel wounded.
X MONDAY 22
To day was quite pleasant untill nearly night when we had a heavy shower for 1/4 or 1/2 of an hour. Went to the 10th NY cavalry and had a short visit with Sanders.
TUESDAY august 23 1864
To day there has been no rain and nothing of interest going on. Gen Warren rode by several times, seeing to some ditches for carrying off the standing water.
To day there has been some fighting apparently some 5 or 6 miles down the RR. 2 brigades of our corps started down but returned, so I suppose their help was not needed. Saw Walter Steele and learned that nearly all of the regt were taken prisoners Friday.
This morning our brigade stretched out and releived the 2nd which has gone on the other side of the RR and gone to building breastworks facing to the rear. I suppose it is for the purpose of shortening the line and protecting the flank in case of an attack.
All quiet nothing of interest.
Generals Meade and Grant passed along down the RR to day.
This morning had orders to pack up but did not move and about noon put up our tents again. Received a letter from home this morning and answered it.
X MONDAY 29
All day has been quiet to day nothing of interest. Quite a number of recruits came for the 2nd brigade this afternoon.
To day has been like preceding. Details are made from the brigade daily to build a large fort on the left.
To day have been counting up the time till mustering out 24 days is the latest.
THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 1
A little after noon there was some firing and it created some disturbance. Everything was ready to move at a moments notice. It is said to have been some rebel scouts xxxx raming into our pickets.
last night the cavalry and a part of the 3d division went down on the left to capture a train but returned without accomplishing it. While the 10 car lay at HdQtrs I went there and had a visit with Metcalf.
SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 3 1864
Went down to the train this forenoon. All has been quiet.
Received a letter from home this morning and answered it. attended services twice this afternoon.
This morning the papers announced the capture of Atlanta. Good news certainly. This evening it lightens in the north but too far off to hear the thunder.
Was up to the train this morning. The 16th Mich started for home this morning. The 83 go tomorrow.
X WENSDAY 7
This morning the rebs made a dash on a picket post and captured some 16 of our men. We heard the hell and the volley and expected an attack but all has been quiet.
All has been quiet to day. This evening it is beginning to rain.
Went to the 104th to day. Mr. Barber has come back..Their regt has been filled up with recruits.
To day a RR train came up here. We gave a big cheer when we heard the whistle. Failed to get the usual letter but wrote one.
X MONDAY 12
Received a letter from home this morning. Went up to the train this afternoon and returned this evening. It is a most beautiful moonlight evening just such a one as would like to be at home in.
Went down to City Point this morning to turn in some ambulances. Rode back part way on the cars and walked the rest.
To day has been quiet nothing going on.
This morning everything was roused up early prepared for fighting or moving, but all was quiet except a few shots on the picket line.
To day went to the 10 NY cavalry and had a vist with Metcalf.
SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 17 1864
Staid at the train last night and till this AM. On returning to the regt found a letter from hope. A train of cars came up this evening loaded with recruits.
Wrote a letter home. This afternon started to find the 46th NY to see Charley H. Finally went to the 8th and am going to stay to night with Dell.
Returned to camp this morning.
Went to the 46th to day and saw Charley H, and also to the 19th US colored troops and had a short visit with Stearns. This evening there is great rejoicing over a victory of Shermans.
Went down to the 10th Cav. Joe expects to start for home tomorrow.
Nothing going on. We expect to start for home Saturday morning.
This evening bid the boys at the train good bye. Start for home in the morning.
This morning wakened at 4 oclock but did not start till 7. Got to City Point at 1 PM. Embarked at 2. Ran till 8 or 9 when we stopped and cast anchor.
Started at 5 AM, got to Fortress Monroe about 10. Stopped for 2 hours and took on coal. There has been quite a stiff breeze butt not enough to cause seasickness. Entered the mouth of the Potomac a little after dark.
Arrived at Alexandria about 8 AM took on more baggage which the boys left last spring..Got to Washington a little before noon. Stopped at the soldiers rest. This PM visited the Capital and ran around the city a little.
This forenoon took another stroll through the capital. Took the cars for Baltimore a little after noon. Arrive there at 5 pmand took supper. at dark marched down to the other depot and took the cars for Philadelphia.
WENSDAY SEPTEMBER 28 1864
Arrived in Philadelphia a little after sunrise. Got breakfast at the Soldiers rest. Crossed over to Camden and took the cars for Jersey City, where we arrived at 4 PM. Took the ferry and went over to New York. Went up to the rest and took supper. Then went over to Brooklyn to aunt Cs where I stay to night.
This morning when I got to the rest found the regt gone. Took the street cars and caught them before they got to the depot. Arrived at Greenbush across the river from Albany about 3 PM. Was detailed to watch baggage. Was releived about 10 PMand came over to Albany.
Went to the arsenal this PM and turned in our arms and were told we could go where we pleased till Thursday. So Seargeant Godfrey and I took the boat for NewYork.
SATURDAY OCTOBER 1
Arrived at aunt Cein Brooklyn, about 9 this morning. In the evening Grandfather came. He lost his pocketbook in the street car in New York and I went over to the depot to try to find it but did not succeed.
Went to hear Beecher this morning and evening. Was introduced to him. liked him much..In the afternoon went to the sunday school.
Went to New York. Visited the picture galleries along Broadway. Took supper at Mr. Meekers, relatives of Godfreys. In the evening went to the Broadway theater.
X TUESDAY 4
This forenoon visited with aunt C. in afternoon went to Barnums. This evening went over to the SS rooms of Plymouth church to see how they were fixing them up.
This Pm went to Central park for awhile. Bid the folks good bye and am on the steamer St John bound for Albany.
Got into Albany early this morning and found the regt would not be mustered out untill next tuesday. Was disappointed enough. went up to the fair for a little while. Jack Thrall invited me to go out home with him and so I have. His father lives near Carslisle Schoharie co about 30 miles from Albany.
FRIDAY OCTOBER 7 1864
Last night we stopped at Central Bridge. This morning came up to Johnsfathers. This evening to his brother in law and had a very pleasant time.
THURSDAY 8 SATURDAY
To day went to Kniskrus Johns brother in law. got quite well acquainted with Nettie but all the rest of the family were gone.
To day has been unpleasant and have staid in the house most of the time. This evening the rest of the family returned.
This morning Jack and I went to Carslisle. then came back and went down to his fathers. This evening went again to Kniskerus and pared apples.
MONDAY TUESDAY 11
Returned to Albany this morning and found the regt had already been mustered out, but went to the Colonels and made it all right. Went to the theater in the evening.
Were paid off to day this evening took the cars for home.
Got to Buffalo this morning. found Mr. Balcomb there and about 10 AM myself and Reuben Fox started for home with him. Got home a little after dark and sent Will with Reuben to his home.
This morning helped milk and then went up to the village.
To day dug potatoes and did other farm work.
Went to church and sunday school.
Has been rainy and have not accomplished much.
To day had family gathering and sister Lettie was married to the husband of her choice.
This forenoon picked apples and this Pm took a load to the cider mill. Attended a political meeting in the evening.