16th Infantry Regiment

Nickname: First St. Lawrence County Regiment; First Northern New York Regiment

Mustered in: May 15, 1861
Mustered out: May 22, 1863

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

This regiment, Col. Thomas A. Davies, was accepted by the State and received its numerical designation May 9, 1861; organized at Albany and there mustered in the service of the United States for two years May 15, 1861. In May, 1863, the three years' men of the regiment were assigned to the 121st N. Y. Volunteers.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Ogdensburg; B and F at Potsdam; C and E at Plattsburg; D at Gouverneur; G at DePeyster; H at Stockholm; I at Malone, and K at West Chazy and Mooers.
The regiment left the State June 27, 1861; served at Washington, D. C., from June 29, 1861; in the 2d Brigade, 5th Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, from July, 1861; in Heintzelman's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, from August 4, 1861; in Slocum's Brigade, Franklin's Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March 13, 1862; in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May, 1862; and, commanded by Col. Joel J. Seaver, it was honorably discharged and mustered out at Albany, May 22, 1863. 
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 2 officers, 89 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 3 officers, 35 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, I officer, 83 enlisted men; total, 6 officers, 207 enlisted men; aggregate, 213; of whom 2 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.

Sixteenth Infantry.—Cols., Thomas A. Davies, Joseph Howland, Joel J. Seaver; Lieut.-Cols., Samuel Marsh, Joel J. Seaver, Frank Palmer; Majs., Buel Palmer, Joel J. Seaver, Frank Palmer, John C. Gilmore. The 16th, the 1st Northern New York regiment, was recruited mainly in St. Lawrence and Clinton counties, with one company from Franklin county. It was mustered into the service of the United States at Albany, May 15, 1861, for two years, went into camp near Bethlehem and left the state for Washington on June 26. Assigned to the 2nd brigade, 5th division, Army of Northeastern Virginia, it moved to Alexandria on July 11, from there to Manassas, where it was engaged but a very short time on the 21st and returned immediately after to Alexandria. On Sept. 15 it was ordered to Fort Lyon and attached to the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 1st corps, Army of the Potomac, which division later belonged with the same number to the 6th corps. The winter of 1861-62 was passed at Camp Franklin near Fairfax seminary, Va., where the regiment remained until April 6, when it was ordered to Catlett's station, but at once returned to camp and was then ordered to Yorktown, where it arrived on May 3. The regiment was in action at West Point, and at Gaines' mill, its loss being over 200 killed and wounded. It was present through the remainder of that week of battle, but was not closely engaged, then encamped at Harrison's landing until Aug. 16, when it returned for a brief period to Alexandria. In the battle at Cramp-ton's gap it was in advance and lost heavily in a brilliant dash; was held in reserve at Antietam; at Fredericksburg was posted on picket duty, and after the battle went into winter quarters near Falmouth. It shared the hardships and discomforts of the "Mud March" under Gen. Burnside and was active in the Chancellorsville campaign, with a loss at Salem Church of 20 killed, 87 wounded and 49 missing. A few days were next spent at Banks' ford, then a short time in the old camp at Falmouth, and on May 22, 1863, the regiment was mustered out at Albany. During its term of service its loss was 112 men killed or mortally wounded and 84 deaths from other causes. The three years men were transferred to the 121st N.Y.


16th Regiment NY Volunteer Infantry | Regimental Color | Civil War

On June 26, 1861, the 16th New York Volunteers arrived in New York City from Albany, New York. The men marched to Washington Square where, later that…

NYSMM Online Resources

Battles and Casualties from Phisterer (pdf)
Battles and Casualties from Phisterer (spreadsheet)

Muster Roll

Unit Roster

Historical Sketch

Search the Museum catalog for this unit

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Other Resources

This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

16th New York Infantry Regiment Records (1861-1863), Mss Coll. No. 133.
.5 linear feet.
Located at Saint Lawrence University.
An online finding aid is here
Resource submitted by Patrick Fultz.

Curtis, Newton Martin. From Bull run to Chancellorsville, the story of the Sixteenth New York infantry, together with personal reminiscences, by Newton Martin Curtis. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1906.
Available online at: archive.org/details/cu31924030909174 
Thank you to Mark Aubrey for pointing out the online version.

Historic Blenheim and the Civil War Interpretive Center. Identified Union soldier signatures on the Blenheim Attic and House Walls.
Names: JONES, Abram, Pvt., Co D; CONANT, Charles H., Cpl., Co. D; DOWSEY, Richard H., Pvt., Co. D; RUGAR, Jacob W., Pvt., Co. C; THAYER, Alfred, Pvt., Co. C
For more information please visit their web site.

Potsdam Public Museum. Potsdam Public Museum 16th Regiment NYV.
Thank you to Patrick Fultz for pointing out this resource.

Rose, Edwin. Papers, 1830-1862.
Description: 4 items
Abstract: Photograph of Colonel Edwin Rose; appointment as Second Lieutenant in the Regular Artillery, signed by Andrew Jackson, 1830; appointment as Colonel of the 16th Regiment, 6th Brigade, 2nd Division of the New York State Volunteers, 1861; and appointment as Colonel of the 81st Regiment, New York State Volunteers.
Located at the Bridge Hampton Historical Society. Library, Bridgehampton, NY.

Thompson, William W. Historical sketch of the Sixteenth regiment N.Y.S. volunteer infantry, April, 1861-May, 1863. First reunion, Potsdam, N. Y., August 31st and September 1st, 1866. [Albany: Brandow, Barton & co., 1886]. 
Available online at: archive.org/details/historicalsket00thom. 
Thank you to Arthur LaMarche for pointing out the online version.

"A touching tribute: Imposing tribute at funeral of Rev. F. B. Hall." The Plattsburgh Sentinel (9 October 1903).
Thank you to Mark Aubrey for pointing out this resource.


Items in the museum collection are in bold.