11th New York Infantry Regiment's Civil War Newspaper Clippings
THE FIRE REGIMENT—Colonel Ellsworth and his officers have been active in preparing this regiment for service. More work has been done in six days than seemed possible. The men have been mustered into service; the officers elected; the uniforms made, and on Sunday afternoon eleven hundred as efficient and hardy soldiers as ever handled a gun, will start for the scene of rebellion.
Col. Ellsworth arrived in this city on Thursday of last week. On Friday he called together a number of the principal men of the department. On Saturday he selected his officers. On Sunday he mustered one thousand men. On Monday he drilled them. On Tuesday inspected them. On Wednesday commenced giving them clothes. On Thursday had them in quarters, and yesterday, (Friday), he was ready in waiting for supplies. To day he will receive them, and to-morrow march through the city escorted by the whole Fire Department on board the steamer Baltic direct for the seat of war.
Who can now say that the New York firemen lack patriotism? Who can say that the desire of gain influences their motives? For years they have worked for the city, and now, when duty calls, they are found extending their benefits to the whole country. The firemen have entered into this movement, with a full understanding as to the work before them. They know the hardship they are expected to endure. They offer their lives, and look to the citizens of New York for the means to get them into active service. The trustees of the department and other firemen have formed a committee to help them. Will not the citizens join to aid this regiment to leave the city prepared for any emergency? The men want such things as under-clothing, and contributions will be gratefully acknowledged. The regiment will leave the city without their overcoats or blankets. They leave because they believe they are wanted. Were it necessary for them to go unarmed, they would go, but as the people can help them, they ask assistance.
The companies are located in the buildings in Canal street, between Broadway and Centre, and will remain there until the time of their departure. The Finance Committee, who are composed of the best men in the city, will gratefully receive and acknowledge any help.
This morning an election of Captains and Lieutenants will take place. The Captains of companies are to be as follows:
Co. A, John Coyle, of Hose 42.
Co. B, M. Murphy, of Hose 41.
Co. C, Ed. Burns, of Engine 16.
Co. D, John Downey, of Engine 34.
Co. E, John B. Leverich, of Hose 7.
Co. F, W. Burns, of Engine 6.
Co. G, M. Teagan, of Engine 13.
Co. H, W. Hackett, Engineer.
Co. I, John Wildey, of Engine 11.
Co. J, Andrew Curtill, of Engine 14.
John A. Cregier is appointed Major; Noah L. Farnham, Lieutenant Colonel. During the week many presentations have taken place. Almost every officer has been the recipient of some token from the company to which he was attached, and it must be pleasant to the men to know that their fellows who are left behind appreciate their efforts and sacrifices in behalf of the flag of their country.
There have been one thousand and one hundred men who have sworn to sustain the Regiment. Nearly all of them have been uniformed, or will be by noon to-day, and it is the hope of every fireman that each one will respond to the last call, and be prepared to leave on Sunday. The whole country are watching the Regiment of New York Firemen. They expect great things of them, and it is our ardent prayer that they will return crowned with honor. It was the intention of the Colonel to march the Regiment to Fort Hamilton, and spend a few days in instruction, but important orders from Washington demand the immediate departure of the Regiment. That all who have been selected will go we are sure, as it would be an everlasting disgrace to be left behind on such an occasion. To the members enlisted we say attend to your duties, and act like men to the citizens. Lend the aid you can in furthering the object by your contributions.
The Common Council have voted a stand of colors for the Regiment. Mr. John J. Astor has also; and this evening Company E receive a stand from the citizens of the Fifteenth Ward. The American flag will be well displayed in the ranks, and we earnestly hope that the Regiment will hang them in Firemens' Hall on their return, untarnished by any description of stain.
Line of March of the Fire Brigade.
The Regiment will form at 10 o'clock, A. M., Sunday, the 28th. After dinner, march at 1 o'clock to receive the colors from the Fire Department in front of the Regimental Armory in Canal street, near Broadway. After which march up Broadway to the Fifth avenue, to Thirty-third street, and receive the colors from Mrs. Astor, at 2 1-2 P. M. Return down Broadway to Seventh street; detour in front of the Everett House to Irving place; thence to Fifteenth street, and through to Fourth avenue, around the Washington Monument. Thence down Fourth avenue, and Bowery, and Chatham streets, to the Astor House; receive their colors, and proceed to their destination. The Fire Department to escort the regiment twenty-four front. Firemen to flank the regiment on either side by twos. No persons to march between the escort or the regiment, except the committee of the regimental fund, whose position will be at the head of the regiment.
By order of O. F. Ockershausen, Ch'n Com.
John Decker, Chief Fire Dept.
(Leader, April 27, 1861)
OFFICE CHIEF ENGINEER,
Fire Department, 21 Elizabeth street, April 26th, 1861. In accordance with a Resolution of the "Board of Engineers and Foremen," the Members of the Fire Department, will meet on Sunday, the 28th instant, at 12 o'clock, to escort the First Regiment New York Zouaves.
The Line will form in Broome street, right resting on Broadway. Officers of Company's are requested to report immediately upon their arrival to the Marshal, who will assign them their place in Line. The Exempt Firemen, Trustees, Officers and Commissioners of Fire Department, are requested to take part in the procession. By order of
JOHN DECKER, Grand Marshal.
THE FIRE ZOUAVES.
The march of Col. Ellsworth's Regiment of Zouaves through this city on Monday afternoon, was peculiarly imposing and demonstrative, even in these military times. Thoroughly equipped in light and appropriate uniform, and armed with Sharp's breech-loading rifles, the great mass of the people were eagerly desirous of witnessing their movements. The open space opposite and contiguous to their barracks in Canal street, was seized a few hours before noon, by a huge throng, who awaited their formation, but who were afterwards obliged by the police to vacate the ground, and retreat, on either side, for several hundred feet, so as to afford space enough for the regiment to form line, and make the preliminary arrangements necessary to the march. This had the effect of blockading that portion of Broadway bounding Canal street, and the streets eastward of Elm. Among the crowd were many ladies, and among the ladies many "sweethearts" of the Zouaves—the latter bringing all the varied gifts which attention might prompt, to present to the particular objects of their affection.
The relatives, males and females of several of the Zouaves were kindly permitted by the police to enter the Barracks where many affecting scenes occurred. In those quarters which were marked by all the bustle and activity, incidental to a military departure were several members of the common Council, and the following gentlemen, who compose the Committee, under whose auspices the Zouaves were organized: A. F. Ockerhausen, Geo. F. Nesbitt, James Kelly, Chief-Engineer Decker, W. H. Wickham, John R. Platt, John S. Giles, Z. Mills, A. J. Delatour, James Y. Watkins, David A. Milliken, Wm. Wright, Henry A. Burr, and O. W. Brennan. There were also precent Gen. Dix and Hon. Cassius M. Clay.
In the open place, opposite the barrack, Adam's monster Express wagon, drawn by six horses, tandem, appeared at ten o'clock, and an hour and a half later, two carriages were drawn up, containing Mrs. J. J. Astor, Jr. and her friends, the former being there, to present through Gen. Dix, two stands of colors to the regiment. Both flags were of fine silk—one being a large American banner, without any inscription, and trimmed with heavy yellow fringe, with a pair of very- heavy tassels.
The other was a large flag, lined with white silk trimmed similarly to the other, and bearing the following inscription, in raised, embroidered letters:
U. S. NATIONAL GUARDS.
First Regiment New York Zouaves.
At half past two o'clock, while the Zouaves were being formed into a hollow square opposite the barracks, Mrs. Astor and other ladies alighted from their carriages. "Hats off!" was shouted from hundreds of throats, which order was obeyed amid deafening cheers. Among the gentlemen present was General John E. Wool.
Mr. Wickham presented the Zouaves with a beautiful flag, in behalf of the Fire Department. The flag was of choice silk, trimmed with yellow fringe. In the center were the coat of arms of the Fire Department, over which, in a neat circle, were the words in raised gold letters:
"The Star-spangled Banner in triumph shall wave."
Mr. Wickham, in presenting the flag, said it gave him much pleasure to perform the duty. He esteemed it a high honor, and he felt assured that the energy which the Zouaves had displayed when members of the Fire Department would be brought by them into the service of their country. He was sure that where the bullets flew thickest and the fire was most fatal they would carry this beautiful flag with which they were honored. (Cheers.)
Col. Ellsworth replied on behalf, of the regiment. He said he could not attempt to share all the feelings of pride and satisfaction of the members of his regiment at receiving the colors, as he had been but recently associated with them. He knew in them beat brave hearts. The fame which they had as a body of firemen, would be increased, he felt assured, by their military action, in other scenes. He knew that the beautiful flag with which they were honored would be bravely defended by his Zouaves, for while one of them breathed it would be vindicated. The Regiment would come back to their city, perhaps, and when they arrived, they would carry that flag with pride which they had so nobly volunteered to defend, and it would appear unsullied, and attest their loyalty and bravery. He felt proud at having the command of such a body of men, and willingly joined his fortunes to theirs.
His acknowledgments were brief, for he was not a speech-maker, but he would return, in conclusion, his own and the Regiment's thanks for the flag committed to their charge. (Cheers.)
The Star-Spangled Banner was here played, and the air excited much enthusiasm.
Gen. Dix then presented a stand of colors to the regiment, in behalf of Mrs. Astor. In doing so, he said, he felt honored by the duty imposed on him, and read before the regiment the following letter of presentation:
Col. Ellsworth, Sir:—I have the honor to present the accompanying colors to the 1st Regiment of Zouaves. In delivering the ensign of your nation to the brave men who are now under your command, I am happy, in the confidence that I entrust it to men whose hands are nerved by a generous patriotism to defend it—whose hearts feel now more deeply than ever the honor of our country's flag, an honor held as sacred and precious as their own lives. Accustomed, as we are, to think of it in the discharge of ordinary duties with sympathy and well-founded pride, those feelings grow stronger in the solemn moment when they are going from us in a new and more perilous service. But, sir, I hope that Heaven's most gracious eye will be with you, and protect you: and believe me with much respect, Your obedient servant,
(Loud cheers followed the reading of this letter.)
Col. Ellsworth remarked he would fail if he should attempt to reply to such a patriotic letter; but he would say that the confidence reposed in him and his regiment would be amply justified. (Cheers.)
Col. Ellsworth was then introduced by Gen. Dix to the ladies present, after which the regiment gave cheers for their Colonel, Chief-Engineer Decker, Quartermaster Stetson and others.
The line was subsequently broke into columns, and in a couple of dozen platoons proceeded up Broadway to Bond street; thence to the Bowery, down Chatham street; around the Park, and down Canal street to the pier whence the Baltic started.
We cannot pick out each good-looking man in the long line of the Battalion, for there were a large number of them. The Fire Editor of THE LEADER looked about eleven feet high, and as savage as Crummels. He indulges in pride, just now, because his is the banner company! May the Southern rebels never reduce his shadow!
Another spunky-looking officer, Engineer Bill Heckett, kind of threw a terror over us. He marched on like a butcher, and is evidently determined to say to Jeff. Davis, if he sees him: "If you don't resign, and beg the pardon of the people of the United States, I'll decapitate you!"
Then there was Capt. Jack Wildey. A nice little fellow for some yellow-visaged traitor to run against! And then grandly stepped out the military secretaries, Billy Maloney and A. G. Alcock, of the Atlas. Bowing all around to the fair ladies were Captain Mick Tagan and Jack Downey, Billy Burns, and half a dozen more of the old boys. Proud as a soldier of the Legion of Honor walked the gallant Cregier, every inch a veteran.
The escort were all attired in red shirts and black pants, and firemen's hats. They were headed by Chief Engineer Decker acting as Grand Marshal, assisted by Assistant Engineers Baulch, Kingland, and Jacobs. There were delegates from every fire company in the city, each delegation being accompanied by their foreman and assistant foreman, with their silver trumpets. They also acted as an escort at the sides of the troops, forming two deep, and marching with the column. Many of the companies carried large silk American flags. North River Engine Co. No. 30 carried a banner with the following inscription:
" IF OUR COUNTRY CALLS,
THE BEST ABE READY."
A steam fire engine, stationed near by, shrieked its salute, the firemen cheered till they were hoarse, a party with a small cannon fired several discharges, the ladies all waved their handkerchiefs and small flags, the crowd on the sidewalks and in the windows on Broadway clapped their hands, and the whole demonstration was one of unparalleled enthusiasm. The flags were then escorted to the color corps, where there were already five new silk standards of various colors floating side by side.
The line of march was then resumed up Broadway and down Canal street to the Collins' pier, where the Regiment embarked on the Baltic. The scenes of enthusiasm and excitement continued the whole way. In front of the Astor House there was but one deafening roar of cheers and one prolonged shriek from the steam engine until the last of the cortege had passed. Broadway was a jam of people, who gave the Zouaves a thorough ovation.
When the head of the regiment turned from the Park up Broadway, it was greeted by a tremendous shout from the tens of thousands who had been standing for hours in hopes of seeing this grand sight. A few platoons marched up the street, and then a halt was ordered. Col. Ellsworth and his staff officers formed a semi-circle in front of the Astor House, every window of which was bright with fair faces, and whose roof was crowded with ladies waving flags.
After a short pause, Mr. Stetson came from the Astor House with a beautiful silk American flag in his hand, and a blue guide color, both the work of the ladies boarding in the hotel. In a few appropriate remarks, he presented the colors to Col. Ellsworth, who made a stirring little speech in reply. The flag was then saluted with rousing cheers—"One—two—three—four--five —six—seven—tiger—Zouave!" by the regiment.
Pleasant little scenes constantly occurred during the march between the bystanders and Zouaves. Here and there a spectator moved out his hand to shake that of a Zouave. There would be a hurried greeting, and then the friends would part. Little presents and emblems were also showered on the departing soldiers, who will long have to remember their last day in New York.
The March of the Fire Brigade.
Through the kindness of Colonel Wm. Walsh and Major John Slowey, Bearers of Dispatches to the LEADER, we are enabled to furnish our readers with a brief account from our special correspondent of the movement of the Fire Brigade.
Annapolis, Thursday, May 2, 4 P.M.
ED. Leader: I presume it is unnecessary for me to detail any of the incidents that transpired during the triumphal ovation that marked our departure from New York. The heartfelt Godspeed that was given us on every side inspired the regiment with the vigor of true patriotism, and every man, from our Colonel to a private, felt that the honor of our glorious city was in a measure entrusted to our keeping, and we were responsible that it should be kept untarnished.
The good steamer "Baltic" was in waiting to receive us on our arrival at the Canal street pier, and the regiment embarked without an accident of any kind to mar its progress. The farewell of the boys was of the most enlivening character, and as we steamed from the pier, shout after shout was given and returned with a hearty good-will. On our passage down the bay, the men were quartered throughout the ship, and a good supper of corned beef, potatoes and coffee was cheerfully relished after our long tramp throughout the city. Perfect good order and discipline was observed by the men, and Colonel Ellsworth was voted a "trump card," through an order given by him, "that no officer in command should sit down to meals without first attending to the wants of his men." At 6 1-2 P.M., guards were stationed in all parts of the ship, and the men were ordered into quarters. The hold of the "Baltic" not being sufficiently commodious to accommodate our force of nearly eleven hundred men, many were obliged to sleep on deck. The night being clear and not unpleasantly cool, the canvas bunk on deck was not considered a bad thing to do.
The after-cabin of the "Baltic" was secured for the officers of our Regiment, and the detail from other regiments on their way to Washington. The night was spent in droll scenes to evade the guard, and in humorous attempts at invasion of each other's staterooms, three men being allowed to each room, and all having different countersigns, to suit the humor of their occupants. The countersigns were in many instances suggestive of the language of the bunkroom, and might be used in the camp to immense advantage, from the almost impossibility of their translation. One grand establishment inhabited by three Arabs fresh from an up-town engine company, was christened the St. Nicholas, while adjoining, a trio of hose-cart vamps reposed in what they termed the Baltic bridal chamber.
During the night the vocal talent of the Regiment was called into requisition, and songs of every imaginable description were indulged in by the boys. At last tired out and fatigued, Nature assumed her sway, and for a brief period the ship was comparatively quiet. At six in the morning all hands were mustered on deck, where ablutions were performed; after which a breakfast of mess-beef, potatoes, bread and coffee, found us in ballast to start the day with. I need not say that no evidence of dyspepsia was visible in either the rank or file, but all hands took a hack at the provender in manly style. After breakfast was over, the guard was again stationed to keep the men in order throughout the ship.
The first drill with arms was held this morning on the quarter deck by companies—one hour being allowed each company. This exercise was continued throughout the day, the men falling into discipline and instruction with the alacrity of old veterans. About an hour before nightfall we made Fort Monroe, and anchored under its guns about seven in the evening. The steamer "Cataline" boarded us while at anchor, and conveyed the intelligence that our progress up the Chesapeake Bay would be unobstructed.
The Commander of the "Baltic" deemed it prudent, however, to wait until daylight, as there were no lights visible to point out the channel. A guard of 20 picked men from each company, amounting to 20 in all, did duty upon deck all night, to prevent any surprise.
During the night, all hands were turned out and beat to arms, in consequence of a steamer approaching, which the officers of the deck deemed of a suspicious character. Ammunition was opened and ready for distribution, and the boys were anxious to commence operations. Our alarm, however, proved groundless, the steamer being a transport ship from Annapolis carrying the stars and stripes, which was perceived by the rays of a lantern, and to which the boys paid a tribute of "nine cheers for the Red, White and Blue."
Nothing of any moment transpired during our passage up the Bay the next morning, until our arrival off Annapolis. The steamer "Kedar" lying at anchor signalled for us to lay to, and we cast anchor about six or seven miles below the city. Our Colonel, in company with the captain of the "Baltic," proceeded on board the "Kedar," and there found the Fifth Regiment of our city waiting to be disembarked. On their return, a boat's crew in command of Major Cregier proceeded to Annapolis, to communicate with General Butler, and to receive orders in relation to landing. Major Cregier reported the following morning, that the propeller "Whildon" was detailed to carry us to the City, and on the next day she would be ready to receive us. We lay at anchor all day Wednesday, and until two P.M. on Thursday. The time was mainly occupied in company drills, and "high life below stairs;" sumptuous banquets of raw-pork sandwiches being passed around at convenient intervals for digestion. On Wednesday night, the store room was broken open by one of the ship's crew, who attempted to sell stolen liquor to the men at exorbitant prices. He was speedily discovered, and placed in irons. No rations of whiskey were distributed at all during the passage. Our disembarkation on Thursday afternoon was safely accomplished, and the "Whildon" landed us in good order and condition about two P.M. at Annapolis, where the gallant Eighth Regiment, Colonel Lyons, was in waiting, and received us with many a cheer and tiger.
After landing, the regiment formed into a hollow square, and remained in that position until orders were given to proceed to Washington. We found Annapolis a perfect military camp—the Boston Light Artillery, the Massachusetts regiment and a picket-guard of the 69th Regiment being quartered there, and waiting to be relieved. Colonel John H. McCunn is in command of the latter, and is rendering efficient service in starting the rail-trains, &c., to Washington. While here, I learned that Johnny Stacom, of 60 Hose, and Jemmy Nesbit, of the 6th Ward, high privates in the 69th, were about ten miles from Annapolis, on the line of the road, doing guard duty. They are both well, and in good trim to punish a pork-steak, and wouldn't grumble at a little corned-beef and cabbage. No person is allowed to go beyond the gates of the Headquarters at the Naval School without a permit, and every one is examined. Two spies are now confined in the Guard-House, waiting trial.
I am compelled to close my hasty and imperfect letter, as the order has been given to proceed to the railroad depot, and we march in ten minutes. I can only say that every one connected with the regiment is now well, a few cases of temporary sickness occasioned by indiscretion being the only ill results thus far in our journey. Colonel Ellsworth is fast becoming a great favorite with the members of the regiment, and maintains the most perfect discipline at all times. On our arrival at Washington, I will give any personal detail and incident that may transpire. We expect to arrive there this evening.
Letters from the Fire Zouaves.
The subjoined letters from members of the Fire Brigade now in Washington, were received by us through special messenger last evening. Parties to whom they are addressed will call at THE LEADER office, 11 Frankfort street, and receive the same. There is a large mail on board the "Baltic" that will probably be received at this office during the coming week. We shall publish weekly a list of letters received by us.
Wm. McArthur, 335 Broadway.
Mr. Lynes, corner Rivington and Tompkins.
John Carpenter, Thirty-ninth street and Eleventh avenue.
Charles McManus, 227 Madison street.
James Walton, 163 West Twenty-fourth street.
Thomas Smith, 132 Mulberry street.
Miss F. Jones, 100 Centre street.
4A Mrs. Mary Swenarton, New York.
Mrs. Fanny Bouton, 40 East Twenty-eighth street.
Mrs. Sarah Knowles, 74 Eldridge street.
Mrs. S. Hoey, 154 First avenue.
Miss Elizabeth Taylor, 120 Fifth avenue.
Letters will be retained at this office one week unless called for, and will then be forwarded if the addressee is indicated.
What District is it?
As soon as the Fire Zouaves got into Washington, on Thursday night, they heard a bell ringing, when one of Company A's men asked: "What District's
that?" "The District of Columbia, Republic of New York!" answered his file closer. "It's ringing a General alarm—and here we are!" Hey—hey—hey!
From Our Own Correspondent.
WASHINGTON, May 10, 1861.
EDITOR LEADER;—My letter forwarded to you last week from Annapolis, was not as full of interest as I should have liked it to have been, but, as one in service cannot tell when duty will compel him to drop the pen and resume the sword, you must draw on the fountain of Charity to cover any omissions of fact and incident. Since our arrival we have twice changed quarters, but are yet in the Capitol building. At first we occupied the South wing, now we have moved to the Northern end where the accommodations are more ample and convenient. On the day after our arrival here, we were busily occupied in arranging quarters for the men, and during the morning a late breakfast was the consequence of our operation, leading to a general growl among the privates. I notice that the biggest grumblers are many of those fellows who will not be satisfied with anything, and expect to find soldiers grub equal to Delmonico's best bill of fare, with a bottle of Chambertin thrown in by way of a salad.
Things are working smoother with us since we have become accustomed to our position and understand the difficulties by which we are surrounded. Every one is now satisfied with the Commissary, and that is a great relief, unknown except to those who have a hundred mouths to feed, all waiting eagerly for the order to fall in for dinner. We have been better treated than any regiment that has come to this city. Our supplies are of good quality and plentifully served, and our quarters are kept in good order. Yesterday we were mustered into service by Major McDowell, an officer in the regular army, and our regiment took the oath to support the Constitution and sustain the Government during the war.
There were some complaints and objections to serving during the war, as the time of enlistment was supposed to be for only three months; yet all but a dozen responded cheerfully to the obligation. We are now soldiers of the United States army and the boys act accordingly.
You have probably heard of the alleged disgraceful conduct of a few of our members and in common with all our friends in New York have felt aggrieved. As the LEADER is read by nearly all the people of your city, let me say a word on that subject.
We left New York with over one thousand men, many of whom had never met before they were mustered into service. To have expected them to be all saints would have been too much, and we all knew that if there were any bad or vicious natures in the ranks, they would soon make themselves known through their actions. The few derelictions committed were traced to less than a dozen men, six of whom have been publicly disgraced and dismissed from the regiment. With this exception, the men are as good material and behave as orderly as the members of any company now in Washington. It is true that the novelty of a first visit to this city led many of the boys to filibuster around in search of amusement; but all the rumors and exaggerated stories put in circulation to their discredit, are solely and purely lies, manufactured out of whole cloth. They are wild and wayward, and many of their actions seem peculiar to newspaper reporters, but as the bulk of their fun consists in running rigs on each other the world should not be so censorious. All of the members of the Regiment are anxious and willing to do their duty, and discipline among volunteers is not learned in a day. The Fire Zouaves are not dandy soldiers, full of smirking politeness, but rugged and vigorous warriors, who do not deserve the severe criticism that has been showered upon them.
In relation to our destination, at this time I can say but little. Every morning fresh rumors are started in regard to marching orders, but we, who know only the order of the commanding officer, place but little reliance on such flying gossip. The programme, as I believe it will be, is as follows: a stay in Washington for ten days to complete a full change in arms and equipments, two weeks of thorough camp duty and then active service. Application has been made for 60 Sibley tents, each of which are capable of holding 20 men. When these are finished, camp duty will commence.
To show with what carelessness the regiment has been armed, I have only to state that on an examination made on last Monday evening of our weapons, we found eleven different kinds of breech loading and thirteen different sized bores among a thousand rifles. There was not a hundred of a kind in the whole lot. The weather thus far has been very disagreeable, and the men have consequently suffered much from the want of proper clothing. Our butterfly costume will answer very well for July and August, but as we have had frost nearly every morning, they are too light to be comfortable or to even afford proper protection. Men cannot stand guard duty without proper clothing, and we are wondering what has caused the delay in forwarding our overcoats from New York. Will the Committee who have charge of this matter send them along as soon as possible, as we sadly need them? Our Colonel yesterday informed us that he had been promised a complete light infantry uniform from the Government; also one thousand new rifles with the sabre bayonet. If this promise is kept, it will be of the greatest importance to us, as it will then place the regiment on an even standard with the best Government troops.
This letter will naturally appear disjointed, but as I have only a few moments at one time to devote to it, I will be pardoned for its want of specialties or detail. As I write, a new order has just been promulgated by our Colonel, that looks like business. Lieut. Colonel Farnham (Pony), who, by the way, joined us yesterday, is ready to start with a party of five officers and one hundred men (ten from each company), to lay out our camping ground. Pony has been at work all day drilling the men, and this extra work will doubtless try the mettle of the gallant little fellow. He has already made a good impression on the members of the Regiment who were personally unacquainted with him; and as a disciplinarian he will prove inestimable to us. Considering the hasty manner in which the Regiment was put into service, and the wretched clothing furnished to keep out the attack of cold weather, we have managed to move along without any serious trouble. There are but few men on the sick list, none of whom are in any danger, their attacks arising chiefly from indiscretion, and an unacquaintance with camp fare. We send home to-morrow (Thursday) several who are unfitted for active service, among whom is one of our military secretaries, who has been in the hospital since our arrival here.
I find that the boys improve wonderfully in drilling. A day's instruction does more with the Regiment than any other body of men that have come under my observation. In the manual of arms they are somewhat deficient, but their evolutions and marching is not excelled. I am overwhelmed with the labor of arranging matters so that there may be few complaints and find that duty enough without any addition in the way of correspondence. I hope to be enabled during the coming week to send you a letter full of personal incidents of fun or fight, as the case may be, and until then you must "hold your horses" in expectation.
I cannot omit mentioning that the officers in charge of the Capitol render us every assistance in their power, and I desire to add my endorsement of the personal kindness of Mr. Edward Dunn, Chief Engineer of the Capital, for many kind attentions in the shape of writing materials and a well-furnished sideboard, the latter a very desirable auxiliary to the weary soldier.
P. S.--The Regiment has taken possession of the hill overlooking the Navy Yard, and camp duty has already commenced. The boys had an opportunity to show their New York fire education at the burning of a portion of Willard's Hotel. The fire broke out about three in the morning, in a drinking saloon attached to Willard's, and was said to have been the work of an incendiary. On the alarm being given, the boys rushed to the engine houses, but finding the doors locked, burst them open, and soon had the machines at work on the fire.
Col. Ellsworth acted as Chief Engineer, supported by the Captains of the Regiment as Assistants. The Hotel was at one time in imminent danger, but after an hour's hard work the flames were subdued. A great scarcity of water was felt and the hose was cut in several places. The Columbian Engine was in charge of Companies B and C, Captains Byrnes and Murphy, and did effective service. The Washington firemen arrived after the conflagration was arrested, and their Chief demanded the trumpet from Colonel Ellsworth, who replied that he would only surrender it if the Washington Chief was able to show more men on the ground than himself.
After the fire we were entertained by a breakfast at Willard's, when a speech was delivered by Major Mansfield, during which Mr. Willard was sensibly affected. The gallant behavior of the men is the talk of the town, and has covered a multitude of sins.
In haste, H. L.
From our own Correspondent.
It will be noticed by the following letter from Mr. Leverich that the mass of our Fire Correspondence from the seat of war has failed to reach us. There is a want of regularity in the mails between this city and Washington; and the letter we publish was handed in to us through the kindly attention of Mr. Kehoe, who left camp Lincoln this morning. We hope during the coming week that all cause for grumbling at the mails will be over:
CAMP LINCOLN (Near Washington),
THURSDAY, May 17, 1861.
ED. leader: Here we are safely and comfortably quartered in our first camp. It is on a beautiful site, in the rear of the Lunatic Asylum grounds. The boys are in good health, and in excellent spirits, consequent on fresh air and good food. Some, of course, will growl, but there is no reason for it, as all are well cared for. Nearly a dozen have been condemned by the surgeons, and sent home, and early next week we shall drum out the only miscreant that has shown up thus far.
We have commenced drilling in earnest, and the progress made is very flattering. Lieut.-Col. Farnham and our new Adjutant, Losier, from the West Point Academy, have been hard at it, while Col. Ellsworth has been occupied in the War Department looking after the supplies and arms for the Regiment. Things begin to look a little like regular service. We have our guard-mounting and evening parades. We rise at five, and go to bed at nine. The boys drop into discipline easily, and their marching and alignments are equal to any regiment that I have ever seen. How it will be when we come to drill with a heavy musket or rifle, time will determine, but with a week's drill without arms they cannot be excelled. We are on an advanced post, and considerable feeling has been manifested at the delay in arming the Regiment. All are alike in this respect, and we know that everything has been done that could be, and are therefore satisfied.
Now for a little growl. When we left New York, the Committee from the Fire Department were very busy in getting us off. They promised that every thing necessary for our comfort should be on board the "Baltic;" but it seems that the moment we left the city they forgot us, and to this day we have but one butterfly suit, and the majority of the men are without a change of under-clothing. The overcoats promised us have not made their appearance, and every morning the guard are drenched with the heavy dew that falls hereaboats. Can you not hurry up the Committee, as we are really in need of these artlcles? Chief Decker came to see us on Monday, and was received by the whole Regiment. Everybody from the city is pleased with the Regiment; the reports that were made injurious to the Regiment has made firm friends of all who visit the camp, and learn the truth. Engineers Baulch and McCosker have also visited us, and left well pleased. Aldermen Brady and Henry have gone through the camp.
We sent home a member of Hose Company No. 22, from Company E, named John McCosker. Poor fellow, he was nearly gone with the consumption, and I never saw a man more distressed at leaving. He is an active member of the Department, and should be taken care of.
Engineer Decker made a speech to the boys when they were all in line. He impressed upon them the necessity of obedience and discipline, and his words had a good effect.
The authorities of Washington have under consideration the re-organization of the Fire Department. The Chief has waited upon several members of the Cabinet and tendered all the means in his power. There is no danger but that the Chief could find enough men to volunteer to keep Washington free from fires for a year. The Chief has taken great interest in the Regiment, and his visit has been of great benefit. It is astonishing to note the change in the appearance of the men; every face looks bright and healthy. The boys are darkening with the sun, and a few weeks more will bring them to the color of bronzed muskets. By the way, we have received the first instalment of our new rifles with the sabre bayonet. They are a deadly looking weapon, and in the hands of such men as compose our Regiment will do wonders in a close combat. Guard duty is something new to the boys, and although several ludicrous mistakes have been made, they have done remarkably well. One chap the other night was in great trepidation at the approach of a cow. He hailed the creature, but, as the language used was not in such terms as are generally used to such animals, no attention was paid. "If you don't halt I'll shoot you!" came to the ears of the party, immediately followed by the exclamation, "If it ain't a cow I'm blamed!" A roar from the listeners was heard that bid defiance to all order. Last night the Colonel sent a detachment to the city to pick up stragglers. It seems that about a dozen, tired of being kept in camp, crossed the river in fishing-boats, and were seen in the streets of Washington. Word was immediately sent to the camp, and probably all will be arrested before morning as deserters.
We look to the New York papers for news of the war. You know more of it than we do; so tell us, are we to have a fight or not? The boys are spoiling for it. We came for it, and it must be had in one way or another. This being kept in camp, is becoming irksome, and, notwithstanding the promises of a brush, we are getting impatient. If fight it must be, let it come at once. There are about 23,000 soldiers near the city, and some of these are not ready for active service—red tape, they tell us, is the cause, but, whatever it is, it is wrong.
How is it you do not get my letters? I wrote two last week, and see but one noticed. This, the second this week, so publish both, if you get them. Allcock, of the Atlas, fared but little better; he was also left out in the cold. HARRY LORREQUER.
A Letter from one of our Boys.
The following letter, mailed to us nearly ten days ago, only reached the LEADER office yesterday. Though it contains no news items of special moment in relation to the Fire Brigade, it will be read with interest, as a chatty screed of Life in the House of Representatives. Anything appertaining to the Brigade is looked for by thousands of our readers, and though the letter is late in its reception, it may be amusing, if not entertaining.
WASHINGTON, some time in May.
ED. LEADER:—Since I dropped the composing-stick in THE LEADER office and turned soldier, I have passed through many eventful scenes full of instructive moral. Becoming inoculated with military ardor after the manner of young Norval, I joined the celebrated Fire Regiment, and have finally landed in the city of magnificent distances, burning with the glow and enthusiasm of a patriot. The life of a soldier is not all my fancy painted it, but it has attractions, nevertheless, that cover, like Charity, a multitude of sins.
It would be simply a twice told tale to describe our journey by land and water, that has already been performed in a more graphic style than my feeble pen could ever hope to imitate. I can, however, detail, somewhat roughly, many incidents connected with our Regiment that may amuse the readers of your paper. Upon our arrival at the depot in Washington, we marched to the capitol building that had been assigned as our quarters, and during the first night of its occupancy by us the entertainment provided was not of that enticing or substantial character to give us any desire for its continuance. In fact, our treatment, owing perhaps to the disorganized state of the Commissariat, was positively shameful. I was better able to understand the cause of this neglect than many of my comrades who imagined that they had engaged in a monster target excursion to Dan Pollock's, and expected a good dinner and a general distribution of prizes. On the morning after our being quartered at the capitol, breakfast being somewhat tardy in preparing, a rush was made to the kitchen by a crowd, and because their wants were not attended to forthwith they returned and called a meeting to have an old fashioned free growl over our grievances.
After appointing a Chairman, they proceeded to business. A short-waisted little fire vamp from an up-town Engine Company took the floor and made an immense speech about not being treated right, and threatening to go home if matters were not straightened up forthwith. The little fellow wound up by moving a Committee to wait on the Colonel, and a chap who was writing a letter in the Reporters' Gallery of the House proposed that all hands act as the Committee, which was done, and the crowd started for Ellsworth. They returned in a short time, apparently satisfied, Ellsworth having put them to rest by promises that everything should be arranged in a day or two. I called the attention of Captain Jack Leverich to the dumpy rebel who was creating all the fuss, and told him to keep an eye on him, as he would be likely to gel the Regiment into trouble. During the next day, when the boys were all busy writing letters to their sweethearts and friends at home, which the Hon. Charles H. Van Wyck was kindly franking for them, this same little chap came up to Van Wyck and wanted to know where he could find Cameron, the Secretary of War. He also said that he had just received a letter from his wife, stating that she was dying and would like to see him before she paid the debt of nature. While the M. C. was explaining that it would be very difficult to obtain an interview with Cameron, and that his commanding officer would attend to the matter, one of his companions in the Regiment came up and inquired what the little chap wanted. After learning the wife story, he shouted, "Ha, Morgan, here's a big thing!" Morgan, who was enjoying forty winks in the diplomatic gallery, replied, "What do you want, Johnny?" The latter replied, "Here's Coby Geer telling a member of Congress that he has got a wife that's dying, and he wants to go home; he ain't got any wife, has he, Morgan?" "Got any wife, Johnny! Narya wife, and he's so ugly that he can't even raise a sweetheart. That rooster wants ten days in the guard house. Wouldn't he look pretty with a wife? Indeed would he. "Say, Mr. Congressman, don't you believe him; he is only stuffing you." After the maiden or wife speech of Morgan, the little duck took a very heavy back seat, and has subsided ever since.
We had plenty of fun while we were quartered in the capitol, and it was amusing to listen to the chaffing of the crowd. One fellow would yell out, "Ha, Jimmy Twigby, what a goodlooking Congressman you make; when are you going to draw your milage?" Twigby responds by stating "about the time you learn to keep step with those big feet of your'n." The seats of well known M. C.'s are occupied by rounders who never dreamed of filling them in any capacity. Prior's, the Pruseic acid Virginian's, chair is filled by a Fourth Warder named Michael Dunn, who has posted his name over that of the bowie knife secessionist. One of the favorite chorus singers at the Ivy Green Free and Easy's rises in the South Carolina Keit's place, and asks a party of five who are playing penny bluff on John Cochrane's desk, "who takes out double headers for the house." He is replied to by one of Thirty-three's boys, informing him that he is the only double-header in the place, and he can take himself out as soon as possible.
The crowd find all sorts of amusement to while away the time, and as I write, four of the members of Company A have obtained a furlough of three hours to take a carriage ride. As not one of the party has a red cent, you can imagine how much the darkey driver will receive for toting them around the city. All of the boys are in the best possible condition—fit to go through the Sons of Malta, and to enter the Vale of Mysteries. The Chief Engineer of THE LEADER, Captain Jack Leverich, is as lively as a cricket, and while I am writing to you on the desk of Boteler, of Virginia, he and Major John Cregier are holding a Council of War in one of the magnificent committee rooms. Each is lying on a superb couch of red damask, and while they are throwing up wreaths of smoke from choice Havanas, are deliberating on the result of their future movements.
I expect we will be encamped in a day or two, and if not too busy will send along a line or two to keep you apprised of camp life. J. H. C.
The Washington Boys.
We hear glowing accounts of the gallant conduct of Captain Coyle, late Foreman of 42 Hose, and now of Company A, the Fire Zouaves, in Alexandria. This Company is composed principally of the young Democracy of the Twentieth Ward, and has among its members as Lieutenant, Hughey Powers, late Foreman of Engine Company No. 25, and a host of the boys from 42 Hose and 25 Engine. The first Secession flag was taken by Billy Timms of 42 Hose, and two members of 14 Truck, whose names we regret have not been furnished us. All hail to the boys of Company A, and their gallant officers.
The lads from 16 Hose write home flattering accounts of the handsome manner in which they have been treated, and mention specially the care taken by Captain Jack Wiley of the men under his command. We will be happy at all times to notice any incident transpiring in the Regiment, if the boys will only drop us a line, or their friends in this city send us any items in letters received by them that would be interesting to the public. Send along the letters, and we will take care to give credit where credit is due.
One of the Secession dailies (we do not care to mention it farther than to say that one of its small editions has been discontinued for want of patronage) has thought to throw odium upon the Fire Zouaves now at Washington by publishing, verbatim et literatim, a letter from one of the unlettered members of that organization. As our firemen went to fight for their country's honor, and not to be sneered at by a cowardly press, it is rather contemptible in any man to cast slurs upon them because they cannot handle a pen as readily as a bayonet. The members of the Fire Zouaves may not be able to do "fine writing," or spell well, or punctuate correctly, but they can make a dash at traitors, and will one day put a period to some such wretches' lives.
Death of Col. Elsworth.
A meeting of the Fire Zouave Fund Committee was held at the Astor House, yesterday afternoon, at which appropriate resolutions were passed, expressive of sorrow at the news of the untimely death of Colonel Ellsworth, and also of their indignation at the villainous murder of one of the North's noblest and most gallant sons by a dastardly traitor. A committee was appointed to visit Washington, and take charge of the remains of the lamented dead.
A meeting of the Board of Engineers and Foremen will be held this evening at Firemen's Hall to make arrangements for the reception of the body. Chief Engineer Decker is in conference with Brigadier General Hall, the Common Council and the Union Defence Committee on the funeral obsequies.
Company A, Fire Zouaves.
This company seems to be distinguishing itself. It is reported by telegraph, that three members of the company, named Frost, Underhill and Timms, took a Secession rag from the house of a fellow living some six miles from Camp Decker. A few people gathered around them, and demanded to know by whose authority they took it down. They promptly answered "By the authority of the People of the United States!" This flag is in possession of the company. It will be sent to Chief Engineer Decker in a day or two.
A member of this same company A, named F. E. Brownell, of Engine Company 1, of Troy, had the satisfaction of putting a ball through the body of the assassinator of Col. Ellsworth. At least, so says the telegraph.
We glory in these deeds, and trust company A may keep on, and make bloody work among the rebels whenever or wherever they may meet them.
The Advance of the Federal Troops!—Attack and Possession of Alexandria!—The First Zouaves first to the Attack, Death of Col. Ellsworth.--The 12th, 69th, 5th, 8th, 28th, 71st and 7th, of New York, and the Michigan and New Jersey Regiments in Virginia.—Major-General Sandford in Command of the Troops at Arlington Heights.
The Advance has been sounded, and the Federal troops are in Virginia. While this has been consummated, our army has met with a loss in the assassination of Colonel Ellsworth of the Fire Zouaves. The troops have been under orders for an advance for the past two days, and at 10 o'clock Thursday evening the vanguard, consisting of six companies of District Volunteers, including the National Rifles and Turners, stepped from the Long Bridge upon Virginia soil. This vanguard was commanded by Inspector-General Stone, under whom Capt. Smead led the center, Adjutant Abbott the left, and Capt. Stewart, son of Sir Charles Stewart, the right wing.
Immediately afterwards the Twelfth Regiment, of New York, with the Michigan troops, crossed the Long Bridge. Soon after came two New Jersey regiments and the New York Seventh Regiment, which last arrived at 2, A. M. At about midnight the force from Georgetown advanced in the following order: the Sixty-ninth, Fifth, of New York, and Twenty-fifth, of Albany. At 6, A. M., Ellsworth's Zouaves, who had embarked in boats, from their encampments, landed at Alexandria, and took possession of the dock. The whole force was attended by two guns of Sherman's battery, and a company of United States cavalry. As the battery marched in the street, a whistle saluted them, and a train of cars steamed away, bearing as is supposed the secession force. One company of horse, numbering thirty-five men, were captured. The Zouaves immediately advanced, and took quiet possession of the city. Colonel Ellsworth proceeded to the roof of the Marshall House, and tore down the secession flag; and while coming down stairs with it, was shot in the back by a rebel named Jackson, and immediately expired. The assassin was immediately killed by private Brownel, of Company A. The body of the Colonel was immediately removed to the Navy Yard at Washington.
While this movement was in the course of execution the main body had advanced and took possession of Arlington Heights, and the road leading to Fairfax Court House, controlling the Orange and Alexandria and Manassas Gap Railroad. The Sixty-ninth Regiment moved from their encampment two hours in advance of the remainder, taking a circuitous route from the Orange and Alexander Railroad.
Upwards of ten thousand Federal have advanced in Virginia.
Arlington Heights are held by the Seventy, Sixty-ninth, Eighth, Fifth, and Twenty-eighth New York Regiments, advancing from Georgetown by the chain bridge, under the command of General McDowal, and are posted on the hills and heights overlooking Washington. At 4 o'clock, A. M., Major General Sandford and Staff left Willard's, and proceeded to Virginia to take command of the advancing forces.
It is believed that the forces at, Fortress Monroe have advanced on Norfolk, and will be joined by the present advance and others from Chambersburgh for Harper's Ferry. It is evident that the movement has commenced, and the rebels will be drove to the wall. (May 25, 1862)
Letter from the Fire Zouaves.
SHOOTER's HILL, NEAR ALEXANDRIA,)
DEAR LEADER: It is exceedingly difficult to give a connected accurate account of all the occurrences in a camp before the enemy. Excitement of all kinds is at the highest pitch, and rumors as varied as the colors of the rainbow follow each other so fast, that it would require a whole corps of scribes to record them, to say nothing of the time occupied and the trouble taken to sift the wheat from the chaff—the true from the untrue. Hereafter, it shall be our aim to overcome as far as possible the difficulties alluded to, with a view of furnishing THE LEADER with reliable accounts of the most interesting incidents of our camp life; and, at the same time, of correcting the absurd statements that appear from day to day in the New York dailies.
On Monday last, May 20, Reuben Jefferson crossed the ferry from Alexandria, and gave himself up to the Zouave sentry, stating that he was a deserter from the Mount Vernon Guard, 175th Regiment (?) Virginia Militia, and that when they were called upon to swear allegiance to the Confederate States, he and others refused to be sworn, and fearing ill treatment in consequence, he deserted for the purpose of joining the Fire Zouaves, and fighting for the Stars and Stripes. Having given satisfactory answers to all questions put to him relative to himself, and such information touching the force of the enemy as we have since found to be correct, he has been permitted the freedom of the camp, but has not as yet been enrolled in the Regiment. Amongst other things Jefferson stated that there were then in Alexandria seven military companies; three of cavalry, and four of infantry—in all but about 400 men.
On Tuesday evening, May 21, Colonel Ellsworth having received instruction that provisions were being conveyed to the Rebel camp from Marlboro, in Maryland, he determined, if possible, to intercept the convoy, and bring the plunder into camp. For this purpose 100 men, picked from all the companies, were detailed, and under the command of the Colonel in person, were marched out of camp, with knapsacks packed, and provisions for 24 hours. The preparations for this little expedition, and the anticipation of speedy action and its consequent fun, had the effect of enlivening the camp for some hours previous to the departure. The party was out all night, and only returned to camp at a late hour next day, weary and worn, with their trouble for their reward. This was a most beautiful day in camp, and all hands set to work to fix up and make things ship-shape, and by sundown almost every one had set his house in order, as far as circumstances would permit. The balance of the men who were absent on various duties from the first muster at the Capitol, were to day sworn into the service of the United States by Major McDowall. Three objected to being sworn into the service "for the war," and were returned to New York, looking very small, and doubtless feeling so, amidst the jeers of their more enthusiastic and patriotic companions.
The site of our second camping ground was not well selected, first, because a commanding point only 1000 yards distant completely overlooked us, and the presence of a deep swamp exhaling the noxious vapors of the vastly increased vegetation—caused by the action of the hot sun on the decaying matter it contained—exerted a baleful influence on the health of the men, several of whom suffered severely from the chill attendant on fever and ague of a bad type. Our friend and brave companion in arms, Lieut. Chambers, was one of the first to feel the results of exposure to these influences. The commanding point above alluded to, should have been occupied by an outpost, or two twelve pounders could easily have been placed in position there during the night time, and have peppered us with impunity for a time at least.
On Thursday night, May 23, we received orders to prepare for marching at a moment's notice. This act set the quid nuncs to work in earnest, to discover, if possible, our destination. All expected to be off at once, and it finally leaked out that we were to take Alexandria.
This caused such a commotion in our regiment as we had not seen since the commencement of our campaign. The fine Missouri rifles which had been previously distributed, were overhauled, ammunition served out, knapsacks packed, provisions stowed away, and with hope brightening each countenance and animating "each brave spirit, we awaited the order to march. At this period of our expectations a counter order was issued, to the effect that though the regiment was to remain under arms, we should not start until 2 o'clock, A. M., on the following morning. A partial dispersement took place, and little knots of men might be seen here and there, talking of our prospects in the approaching struggle—strong in their determination to do or die as became good soldiers in a just cause—several retiring to their tents to write home once more, to think of absent friends and old times, while a select few assembled in the tent of the gallant Ellsworth, who discussed the affairs of the coming day until the assembly was beaten by the drummers, and the firemen soldiers formed such a line as has seldom fallen to the lot of a commanding officer to look upon. The stern determination, the cool demeanor, and silent, willing obedience displayed on this occasion, was worthy of the oldest and most experienced veterans; and as the polished bayonets and bright barrels of the guns reflected the moon's rays along that almost perfect line, we could not help feeling that such a sight was worth half a life-time. Adding to this the sound of the orders given in a loud voice by our brave Colonel, and passed from mouth to mouth in the same tone, we believe it to have been the most impressive and beautiful scene we ever witnessed. No length of years can wipe it from our memory—it is daguerreotyped on our mind forever.
At length the eventful hour arrived, and with it the two steamboats "Mount Vernon" and "James Guy," accompanied by the launches of the sloop-of-war Pawnee—which has been at anchor off Alexandria for some time—and several lesser boats of different denominations. Of these a bridge was soon and completely formed, over which the regiment defiled in the most perfect order, from the gravelly beach below the house of Washington Young, of Geesboro, to the decks of the steamers, whose paddles revolving soon started us down the Potomac toward the long talked of Alexandria, the nearest stronghold of the rebels to our camp. The six miles between the above points were speedily passed over, and just as the rising sun cast his brightness athwart the waters we ran alongside the wharf under cover of the black-muzzled guns of the rakish, mischievous-looking Pawnee. Just as our boys were about to land in obedience to the cool order of their commander, several sentinels who had previously been observed by us, at the foot of the streets and on the piers, discharged their muskets—some in the air and some toward the steamers—and then giving leg bail they travelled at as lively a gait up the hill as if there had been a general alarm of fire, or as if the Devil himself had been after them with a particularly sharp stick. It was reported that at this time one of our men discharged his piece after the flying chivalry who had burned "Southern powder" so gallantly, injuring his posterior; but as we have learned to believe just what we see, and as we did not see this, we do not vouch for the accuracy of the report. We know it to be a fact, however, that the risibilities of our men were excited to a degree better imagined than described, as many of them exclaimed, "See how they run!" "How them fellers stick in their toe-nails!" "Don't they scratch gravel!"
But the poor scared rebel soldiers, who had taken advantage of the steamer hauling into the piers to show how fast they could run, had scarcely disappeared up the ascent, when a landing was effected in less time than it takes me to record it, by Company E, Captain Leverich, who immediately proceeded with instructions from the Colonel to secure the railroad depot, and to take up enough of the track to break up that means of communication with the f6rces supposed to be in the vicinity of the town. While this important service was being successfully performed by Company E, Colonel Ellsworth placed himself at the head of Company A, Captain Coyle, and at double quick time ascended the slightly inclined street, for the purpose of taking possession of the telegraph station—effectually to cut off all communication between the advanced guard of the rebels and the main body of their army. On arriving just opposite the Marshall House a Secession flag which had been observed from our camp through field-glasses, and which at different times twenty-five, fifty, and one hundred men had volunteered to remove, attracted the attention of our gallant Colonel, who exclaimed to the intrepid little phalanx who closely followed his footsteps, "That flag must remain there no longer." Suiting the word of command to the exclamation, Ellsworth of the Zouaves ordered the two first squads of Company A to follow him, and entering the hotel ascended to the roof. Hauling down the rebel ensign he twisted it round his arm, and passing downward through the somewhat intricate passages of an old-fashioned house—dimly lighted, withal—was met by the proprietor, James Jackson—accursed be the traitor's name henceforth forever—who, coming from a bedroom on the third story, as the courageous, though young and consequently indiscreet Colonel was descending with the Secession flag in his hands into the comparatively dark passage, leveled a double-barreled shot gun, and shot poor Ellsworth directly through the heart! Private Brownell, of Company A—to whom too much credit can scarcely be awarded—closely following on the heels of his commander, instantly shot the perjured villain through the head, the ball taking effect on the right side of the nose, and passing clear through the brain and head.
Our impetuous and brave commander was at once picked up by his immediate followers, and placed on a bed. Of course both expired within a second or two of each other; and while the body of the true and brave—recklessly brave—Colonel was treated with all the respect, and honor, and kindness, that his qualities entitled him to,—his foul murderer, the fratricide rebel and base traitor to his country and his God—the despicable assassin Jackson—lay neglected, but untouched and unmolested, where he fell, by the hand of the boy Brownell, a member of Company A, First Fire Zouaves, Captain Coyle, of No. 42 Hose, First Fire District New York Fire Department. Immediately upon the occurrence of this sad event, information was conveyed to the head of the column, two blocks below, where your correspondent was in waiting upon Lieut.-Colonel Farnham, Major J. A. Cregeir, and Dr. Gray, the Surgeon of the Regiment. The latter, with his usual promptitude, at once proceeded to the scene of the murder, closely followed by the writer, when he discovered the state of affairs above described.
Brownell's shot struck the villain on the bridge of the nose, tearing a hole clear through his brain and skull, passing through a partition into another room. The statements that Jackson was "pierced by a dozen bayonets," "pinned to the floor," &c., &c., are all untrue—the only mark on his person being the hole in his face. As may be supposed, the indignation of the men who were aware of the murder was extreme, and but that the wiser counsels and firmness of Lieut. Col. Farnham prevailed, there would not have been one stone of Alexandria left upon another at this time. As it was, Captain Coyle with his command, at once took possession of the Marshall House, setting guards at all the entrances, and making prisoners of every one in it at the time. Amongst those thus secured were several ladies and children, who were naturally very much alarmed, but the Zouaves soon succeeded in calming their fears, assuring them of protection and safety. The main body of the Regiment was then ordered up, and passed on towards the Railroad depot on the Fairfax road, most of the men being purposely kept in the dark as to the Colonel's death, for fear of exciting them to desperation. Dr. Charles Gray, Surgeon to the Regiment, made a post mortem examination of the Colonel's body, which revealed the fact that "a charge of slugs had pierced his left breast between the third and fourth ribs, entering the left auricle of the heart, and destroying the whole of the integuments with which it came in contact." The clothing of deceased was then examined by Dr. Gray, and the letters, papers, decorations, money, &c., &c., removed, catalogued, and handed over to the chaplain. The inanimate body of the young and brave Zouave, still warm, with the lips just parted, was then tenderly raised from the bed on which he lay as if asleep, and under the direction of the surgeon, placed on the blanket of Alcock of the Atlas, who sewed it up, assisted by Perrin, the hospital steward. Returning to the street we found a party of the "Pawnee's" sailors, under command of Lieutenants Lowrie and Chaplin, Midshipman Small and Engineer Champion, engaged in hoisting the Stars and Stripes on the pole outside the door. The sailors who climbed the pole and made the flag fast to the cross trees, were Peterson and Moore.
While these stirring and melancholy events were transpiring, Company E, Capt. Leverich, had made its way, according to the order of Col. Ellsworth, to the railroad depot, and were in the very act of capturing the rebel cavalry troop stationed there, when they descried a friendly field battery of artillery forming hastily in their rear. The company of Zouaves, however, coolly stood their ground, resolved on the capture of the rebels, and it was only when the commander of the battery had made the inquiry as to who the Zouaves were, ("under which king, Benzonian?") and been answered satisfactorily, that Capt. Jack and his boys were relieved from the undesirable predicament of being placed between two fires. The captain of the battery, with military right, we presume, on account of his seniority, but with little courtesy, took the sword of the captain of the cavalry, which we consider Capt. Leverich entitled to.
Meantime, the main body of the Regiment had come up, the rest of the Rebel forces had fled (the troop of cavalry, consisting of thirty-eight officers and men with their horses and equipments, remaining in our hands), possession of the Depot was taken for a camp, guards were mounted, scouts sent out, and the men commenced enjoying themselves, congratulating each other on the ease with which the capture had been effected. Co. A still remained in charge of the Colonel's body, and after an hour or two a tug-boat was procured. A few squads were detailed under command of Capt. Coyle, who escorted the body on board and to the Navy Yard, Washington, where it was taken in charge by Commandant Dahlgren, Lieut. Stryker and six privates of Company A remaining as mourners. You know the rest.
Considering all things, we have lost but very few men since we left New York. Theodore Holt, of Company G, a Brooklyn fireman, was accidentally drowned by the capsizing of a boat near the Navy Yard. His body was recovered, very much decomposed, and buried in the Cypress Cemetery. John Butterworth, of Engine 11, New York Fire Department, said by those who knew him to be a good fellow, was shot in Alexandria by a sentry, for not promptly replying to the challenge. A sad fate, but a warning to all not to trifle with a guard on duty, in war time. _____ Buckley, of whom we have no account, was shot by Lieut. Dowd, Company D, for insubordination and an attempt to strike his superior officer.
Our present location is one and a half miles southwest from Alexandria, on Shooter's Hill. Further particulars of our situation and prospects, &c., &c. will be given next week. All's well!
Statement of Mr. F. A. Brownell.
We had the pleasure of an interview at this office with Mr. F. A. Brownell, who shot the assassin Jackson, and he informs us that many of the statements in relation to the death of Colonel Ellsworth are not only exaggerated, but entirely devoid of truth. The wood-cut in one of the illustrated weeklies he especially complains of as being inaccurate in every respect, and leading to the impression that were it not for his movement in throwing up the musket of the assassin, Col. Ellsworth would not have been killed.
The idea prevalent in the community that Colonel Ellsworth was the victim of his own rashness, Mr. Brownell states is entirely erroneous. On the landing of the Regiment at Alexandria, Colonel Ellsworth detailed a special guard, including Mr. House, a reporter for The Tribune, to accompany him to destroy the telegraphic apparatus in Alexandria, thereby preventing communication to the rebels at Harper's Ferry. This duty it was absolutely necessary to perform forthwith, and Colonel Ellsworth was doubtless fully impressed with its importance by the authorities at Washington, and perhaps ordered to personally perform the seizure.
When Colonel Ellsworth gave the order for the special guard to follow him, he also directed that Company A, Captain Coyle, should overtake him as speedily as possible. While on the way to the telegraph office, the guard passed the Marshall House from which the secession flag was flying. Colonel Ellsworth was perfectly cool and self possessed, exhibiting neither haste nor rashness in his manner, but was calmly impressed with the gravity of the mission on which he was engaged. "We must take down that flag, men," was the order given by the Colonel, and the guard quietly followed him into the Marshall House. There appeared to be no one stirring inside the building except one person, who claimed to be a boarder, and the ascent to the roof of the building and the capture of the flag was silently performed.
On the descent from the roof, the assassin landlord, Jackson, was standing in the open space at the foot of the stairway, with a musket pointed at the guard as they descended the stairs. Colonel Ellsworth had thrown the flag around his body, and as Brownell saw Jackson taking aim, he ran toward him and threw up his musket with his own rifle. The assassin Jackson retreated a few steps, and leveling his musket fired, the contents lodging in the body of Colonel Ellsworth, causing almost instantaneous death. Mr. Brownell immediately returned the fire, and the assassin fell.
It is to correct the misapprehension of the circumstances of the fall of his Colonel that Mr. Brownell called upon us to assure as that there was no rash impetuosity or desire for any ostentatious display of courage on the part of Colonel Ellsworth, connected in any way with the manner of his death. No danger was apprehended in the enterprise, and if any could have been anticipated, Colonel Ellsworth was too cool and collected to have unnecessarily ventured into needless peril. Captain Coyle's company were presumed to have followed the guard, and their numbers would have been sufficient to have overawed any outbreak attempted by persons in the hotel.
The action of Colonel Ellsworth was that which would have been prompted in the mind of any officer in the service, under like circumstances, and Mr. Brownell, while regretting the loss of his commanding officer, desires that nothing—even the heroism of rash bravery—shall rest upon his memory.
As Mr. Brownell narrated to us a history of the painful death of Colonel Ellsworth, we were deeply impressed with the modest manner in which he alluded to the retributive part taken by himself in the affair. It was only upon our interrogatory that any particulars were given of his own valor, and he was only desirous to do justice to one who, in his opinion, possessed all the attributes of courage and true manhood.
Colonel Farnham of the Zouaves.
We congratulate the Fire Zouaves on the promotion of Lieut. Colonel Farnham to the command of the regiment. Pony is well qualified by military experience to take charge of the boys, and his long association with a large number of them in the ranks of the Department renders him personally popular. We have great faith in Colonel Farnham, having known him long and intimately as one deserving the confidence and esteem of his associates, and fully deserving of the position that he now occupies. Pony graduated with Mutual Hook and Ladder Company No. 1, and served with Billy Wickham, Joe Morrison, Jim Kennedy, and other good firemen, after which he joined Engine Company 42. We think Farnham joined the Department about the year 1850 or 1851, and has performed active duty since that time. While in the Board of Assistant Engineers Pony was famous for the promptness and ability displayed by him in managing the details of a fire. We know the little fellow possesses executive ability of no common order, and we prophecy for him a career as brilliant as it will be earnest in the cause of his country.
True Courage of a Zouave.
We have been shown a letter from a member of the Fire Zouaves detailing the particulars of the attack in which Seeley Cornell, of Company G, received a mortal wound, and Joseph Cushman was dangerously shot. Cornell was wounded in the breast, and died within an hour; Cushman received a bullet in the thigh, but is now out of danger. Cornell died like a brave man, and as he lay upon the ground with the life-blood gushing from his wound, he smiled at his comrades standing around him and exclaimed, "Who would not die a soldier's death!" A few moments after he turned to Cushman, who was lying near him waiting the action of the surgeon, and shaking him by the hand said, "Good bye, old comrade, it was our luck to suffer this time!" Shortly after he expired in the arms of a member of his company. With a chivalrous fear of death, the gallant members of the Fire Zouaves are foremost in the hour of danger, and when the hour of reckoning comes, a fearful retribution will be administered to those who are now in arms against the flag of our country.
A Camp Incident.
A member of Company D, Fire Zouaves, sends to us the following incident: (June 15, 1861) "Last evening (Sunday) at about 6 o'clock an order was given to 'fall in.' he men were all over the camp; some were taking tea, others had just finished their meal, many were waiting to have it cooked, while others were amusing themselves with games of leap frog, singing songs, &c. There was a general scampering to get together, and the boys were in line as soon as possible. Company D was selected by the Colonel for their promptitude in getting ready to receive orders, being nearly five minutes in advance of their comrades. We marched on special duty, on a quick step, nearly four and a half miles, to the mill on the Fairfax road, where we have been doing picket duty. We travelled the distance in the remarkably short time of twenty-eight minutes from the first order to fall in. This is acknowledged to be the quickest time on record, and is considered equal to mounted troops time. After we arrived at the mill we were halted for about twenty minutes, and then marched home again, much to our disappointment.
The cause of our alarm was in consequence of Companies F and H, in addition to a company of Michigan troops on picket duty, having a brush with the rebel pickets, whom they drove into the town of Fairfax. Our pickets captured a rebel officer who was mounted on a splendid horse, worth in New York four or five hundred dollars, and a thundering sight better looking animal than his rider.
The members of Company D are earning an enviable reputation for promptitude and subordination in the performance of their duties, and that old veteran in many a charge against a beer entrenchment, Captain Jack Downey, may be called "a pink seed with a blue ribbon."
A Stroll through the Zouave Camp.
June 5, 1861.
DEAR LEADER: Even in these uncertain times, it would do your heart good to spend at least one night in our camp. Our supper is finished, our labor for the day is ended, and in solid comfort we have settled ourselves for a quiet smoke. Night is gradually falling, and as the twilight deepens, the full round moon becomes brighter, and one by one the tent lights are glistening, until our camp resembles a grand scenic panorama. Some of the boys, weary and worn from the toils of the day, have sought their blankets, and are now dreaming of the dear ones at home; others embrace the opportunity of penning a line, and repledging their loves to the girls they left behind them, while many are discussing the chances for a fight, and speculating upon the next move to be made by order of the man we love and reverence—our own Gen. Scott.
Let us now take a stroll through the camp, and a look at the sights everywhere to be seen. A signboard arrests our attention, indicating the Hotel de Phenix of Company E, corner of Leverich avenue and Chambers street, and as they appear to be happy inside, I pay them a drop-in visit. Gus Phillips is Sergeant-at-Arms, and motions me to be quiet. Charley Stagg and Johnny Scheffmayer are in the prisoner's box on a charge of violating the rules of order which govern this happy little family, and objecting to pay the attending fine, have been placed upon their trial, before Judge Sam Hutton, whose increased proportions clearly indicate that he has never been absent from his "rations." Sam's ever smiling countenance, rosy as the rising sun, makes him acceptable to all as a just and impartial Judge. Stagg and Sheff have been ably defended by the never-yielding Ed. Donnelly, and the people have found an able advocate in the indomitable Billy Mills. As I enter, the case is closed, and the Judge is about to charge the jury, when Mills pleads for an adjournment of five minutes to request Lieut. Berry to look out for morning rations for the learned Judge and himself.
The jury retire, and return with the novel verdict that they have agreed to leave the case to the decision of the learned and venerable Judge, which decision shall be final. Both sides agree, the Judge rises, looks grave, drops his hands to his ponderous sides, and in his pleasing way decides as a just punishment that the prisoners at the bar shall each stand a portion of his guard duty—that they each immediately deliver to him both rubber and woollen blanket, for his own convenience, and that an order shall be served upon Sergeant Billy Whelan to divide their morning rations between himself and his learned friend Billy Mills. Ken Knowles objects to this decision, when he is immediately fined by the learned Judge, who also kindly informs him that his morning ration will be added to that of the prisoners at the bar, and declares the Court adjourned.
We look around, the tent is as clean and neat as a widow's cap, the rules of order are well written and posted in a conspicuous place. Sam Waterhouse is writing his weekly letter on the bottom of an iron pan, to that happy little sheet, The Brooklyn Eagle. The balance are grouped together, eagerly listening to Charley Kent, who is selecting four or five choice spirits to go with him on a private lay, and bring back from within the rebel lines a secession flag he has coveted, and therefore cannot resist the temptatation.
Filling our pipe, we bid the Phenix boys good night, and enter again into the pale moonlight, when the silvery notes of our own Dan Collins, warbling that favorite ballad, "The Dear Irish Boy," break upon the stillness of the night, and motionless we stand until the last note has died away. Presently up rushes our old friend, Johnny Maloney, and all in one breath exclaims—"Here, Dan! what do you think of that for a fire vamp like me? Can't you set it to music?" "No," replies Dan. "Then I'll add another verse, and send it to The LEADER for publication." Having received Dan's approval, away he goes, scratching up ideas for the necessary additional lines. Turning from this group, we overhear a grumbler growling about his rations. "Serves you right," says another; "you had no business to play points on the Captain. Get a pass to go for milk, and tramp two miles through the woods to get a glimpse of that pretty black-eyed girl of mine, and get back just in the nick of time to save your bacon, and answer to roll call for parade, so you got a hard biscuit for breakfast, and double-quick the balance of the day to butter it with—can't play nothing on Iney—oh, no! He can't see us"—when Al Donnels chimes in with, "Say, Cheevers, I'd like to have had a picture of Kent, Lu Weeks, you and I, when we mounted the deserter this morning on our shoulders, tied hand and foot, and marched him through the camp to the guard house—it would be quite an addition to the engine house; but the poor fellow, I can't believe he knew the penalty, and, for one, am willing to deal lightly with him for old friendship's sake."
As we leave this spot, we hear the cheerful laugh of a happy party, and decide to just drop in. It is the officer's tent of Company E, and the happy faces of the parties there assembled indicate everything but the cause of their being on Southern soil. There is the ever pleasant and gentlemanly Captain Andy Purtill; the hard-working Captain Ed. Burns; our old friend Captain Jack Downing; with Captain Coyle, who is endeavoring to arrange his revolver, Captain Billy Burns and Brother Alcock, (who, by the way, has not as yet been appointed to the position his friends believed had been secured to him, but has acted as Postmaster, Special Messenger, &c., &c. We trust his friends will now attend to his case). Captain Jack Leveridge is entertaining his friends in his own hospitable way: while Lieutenants Chambers and Berry are cracking a bottle, and spreading the crackers and cheese for their welcome guests.
May this circle never grow less, and when all the hopes and heavy toils of this most unhappy war are over, and peace and happiness reign again supreme, may this happy party again meet in the same friendship and brotherly feeling they now exhibit to each other. After pledging ourselves to the dear ones at home in a bumper that Lieut. Billy Chambers declared was well worth it, I took my leave, and as the tattoo beat, I was obliged to seek my tent, well pleased with my stroll through the camp.
Your friend, OLD STOCK.
Letter from the Fire Zouaves.
NEAR ALeXANDRIA, June 12th, 1861.
Dear Leader—It seems very strange that our dispatch for last paper, though mailed on Thursday in Washington, via Adams' Express, did not reach you until Monday morning. We cannot account for it. Our mail service, which, by the way, we completely organized ourselves, is not, now that we have been obliged to give it up, what it ought to be; consequently we shall hereafter be the bearers of our own dispatches as far as Washington, provided we can do so. This is all we can do in the matter. The greatest difficulty is experienced in receiving THE LEADERER here. Will it be believed that up to this day (Wednesday), we have seen but one copy of The LEADER of last Saturday? Can nothing be done with our friends of the Adams' Express Company to ensure the transmission of our manuscript and the return of the paper with certainty and dispatch?
With the exception of a few of the ordinary alarms, to which we are now getting accustomed, but little of note has transpired in camp since our last. On the night of the 8th, W. J. Town, not a member of the Fire Department, accidentally discharged his musket, badly shattering the middle finger of his left hand. The finger was very skillfully amputated by Doctor Gray-—a single flap from the inner side being used to cover the bone. The operation was, in all respects, secundem artem; and the wound has, we are happy to say, healed by the first intention. Town was a member of Company B, and will soon return to New York.
While enjoying a very pleasant hour's conversation with Lieut. Snyder of the Engineer corps, who is inspecting the erection of our earthworks, we noticed Capt. Jack Wilder, who was officer of the day, doing the honors to a party of ladies, whom he was escorting from point to point, explaining as they went along the nature of the defences, the enfilading fires along the faces of the "peace," and expatiating on escarps, curtains, glacis, and revetments, with an air that would have astounded the members of 11 Engine. At a later hour we noticed a small tea party in front of the Captain's tent, at which he presided, and where the delicacies of the season were distributed with a lavish hand. Capt. Jack Wilder means to prove that in court or camp he is equally at home.
On the same day we had the pleasure of making one of a little group in Dr. Gray's tent, composed of three lady friends, their two gentlemen attendants, the medico, Adjutant Loser, and the subscriber. Sherry, and the balance of a luncheon brought by the ladies themselves furnished forth an impromptu banquet, sweetened by the smiles and gay conversation of the divinities, that was quite refreshing, and a happy relief from the monotony of our daily life at present.
Drilling of companies, and occasionally battalion drills, continue almost sans intermission from daylight to dark, varied only by ball practice, which on the whole is good. The men are rapidly becoming perfect, and take more interest in their own improvement in this indispensable particular, than could possibly be expected of them, from their previous habits and occupation; and our opinion formed long since, still remains unchanged, that they will make one of the finest and most useful bodies of men in the service of the United States.
Several railroad cars and locomotives have arrived at Alexandria, and are placed on the railroad between here and the Manassas Junction, replacing those run away with by the Rebels, whose swiftness of foot saved them from our clutches, on entering Alexandria. The uses to which these cars can be put by us must be obvious to all.
A grand flag raising is just now going on here. The flag is one brought from Texas by Capt. Hartz, of the Eighth Infantry, who left all his wardrobe, so that he might stow the flag in his trunk, thereby saving it from the traitors' touch. It is quite a large one, forty by thirty feet, and is raised on a staff eighty feet high, placed on the end of the dock, just opposite the sloop-of-war "Pocahontas." We have just returned from witnessing the interesting ceremony. The direction of the simple arrangements seemed to be about equally divided between Captain Robert Tyler, Quartermaster-General of the District (late of the Third Artillery, Sherman's Battery), and Captain Jack Leverich of Company E, the color company of the Fire Zouaves, which company acted the part of guard of honor on the occasion, and attracted much attention by their neat appearance and soldierly bearing. The band was furnished by the Michigan First, and performed many beautiful pieces—"Home, sweet home," among them, besides "Hail Columbia," "The Star Spangled Banner," and "Yankee Doodle."
At a few minutes past meridian, our simple but sufficient preparations having been completed, the Starry Banner of Freedom was unfurled to the breeze; and as the light air wafted its folds over our heads, the band meanwhile discoursing eloquently—the company of Zouaves drawn up in line with arms presented—the "tars" of the "Pocahontas" manning the shrouds, in their white frocks and caps—the group of officers, including Colonel Heinzleman, Captain Fuler, Captain Dove, and Lieutenant Howison of the sloop of war, Adjutant Loser, Quartermaster Stetson, Captains Leverich and Downey, and Lieutenants Berry, Harris and Seixas "of ours,"—formed a picture which I would not have missed on any consideration. Just as the roll of bunting reached the masthead, Colonel Heinzleman, by a pull on the downhaul, broke the slight lashing that confined the flag and as it gracefully fell to the breeze, three stunning cheers and a tiger from our boys were replied to from the rigging of the "Pocahontas," while the gun from her bow port bade a sullen defiance to the traitors who would remove the ensign thus set by the hands of freemen. Long may it wave!
I was then marched off the ground, not however before they had given three cheers for Col. Heinzleman, three for Capt. Tyler—both of whom have, by their urbane manner, made many friends in our Regiment—and three for themselves, and the same for their captain. The officers present then repaired to the cupola of the Railroad Depot, where they were partakers of the hospitality of Captain Tyler in true camp fashion, and afterwards we repaired to the quarters of Capt. L, to write this hurried letter. William Harris, seaman of the "Pocahontas," prepared the flag, and Seth O. Rogers, of Company E, First Fire Zouaves, hoisted it to its place at the head of the pole. On the whole, this was one of the most instructive little episodes we have met with as yet. In haste for the mail, &c., &c.,
The Zouaves in Camp.
CAMP ELLSWORTh, June 19, 1861.
Dear LEADER:—We were much disappointed at not seeing the whole of our copy in print in last week's LEADER, as its insertion would have served to keep the continuity of our narrative of the doings of the Zouaves.
We this week send you all that we consider prudent relative to the earthwork which has been erected on the crown of the hill, a little above and in advance of the present site of our camp. Fort Ellsworth is an irregular earthwork, perfect in all its parts, now occupying the site of our last camping ground. Its position has been well chosen, and the number of 8-inch sea coast shell guns—each weighing 2 1-2 tons, and throwing a 68-pound ball—rifled cannon and fieldpieces, with which it is to be furnished, will insure its easy defence against any force the enemy can bring to attack it. The above are all the particulars relative to our fort that we desire to give at present; and these are only given with the consent of the engineer officers in charge, who, knowing our intention, have afforded us every facility for obtaining all the information we required. We are particularly indebted to the courtesies of Captain Wright, Lieut. Barragar, Lieut. Snyder, and Lieut. ——, of the Engineer Corps—all of whom are polished, educated gentlemen, and are therefore capable of estimating the difficulties a correspondent of a newspaper labors under when in pursuit of information.
Although, however, it would not comport with our views to publish such a description of Fort Ellsworth as would aid the Rebel army, we do not desire that your readers should be deceived into the idea that our defences at this place are mere "trenches," as they might be from reading some of the accounts sent to other weeklies from the camp. An earthwork and "trenches" are not by any means the same, and those who style our works "trenches," only display their entire ignorance of the subject of which they treat. An "earthwork" is a field fort built without masonry, and its strength depends first on its position, and next on the skill with which it is constructed, and the armament with which it is equipped. Trenches are also field works, but as we have said, of an entirely different character. In some cases they are used for the defence of a camp, but more generally as "approaches" for the attack of a fort. Trenches or approaches, or "parallels," are excavations three feet wide and three feet deep, the earth from which is thrown up on the outer side, affording a "breastwork" nearly six feet high, from behind which riflemen can effectively annoy an enemy. Trenches are of various kinds, from mere "rifle pits" to the elaborately constructed "parallels," required for the reduction of a fortification. In the former case they are but holes hastily dug in the ground,—the earth thrown up in front—in which from one to twenty riflemen may be ensconced, while in the latter, the breastworks are completed and strengthened by means of "gabions" and "facines"—the parapet being crowned with sandbags. Trenches are the "zig zag" approaches from parallel to parallels, in the regular siege operation of attacking a fort—the object of the zig zag form being employed is to avoid an enfilade fire from the besieged batteries.
The first parallel is generally commenced at a distance of from 600 to 1000 yards from the fort to be attacked, as the position and nature of the ground will permit, and is connected with the second by the approaches or zigzags, and parallel after parallel is cut and occupied, so connected, until the edge of the ditch is reached, and a breach effected, when the result is determined by a hand-to-hand conflict between the besieged and the besiegers. It is not our purpose in this paper to enlarge on the sciences of Fortification and Gunnery—such would not be useful to the majority of your general readers—but simply to give our friends in New York some idea of field operations. Therefore, we dismiss the subject for the present.
A few days since, we had the pleasure of an introduction to Chief Engineer Smith, of the Alexandria Fire Department. The Chief is a good Union man, and has tendered the use of every apparatus in town to our regiment, for whatever purpose they may be required.
Lieut. Yates, of Company G, has resigned and left to seek service elsewhere. His reasons for pursuing this course we are not aware of, though we regret his loss as a drill-master to the company, who were, under his instruction, becoming very expert in the bayonet exercise, as well as in the dashing Zouave drill. Captain Tagen has returned, and means to keep his company up to their work, and second to none in the regiment.
Captain Murphy of Company C, and our old friend Captain Byrnes of Company B, have also returned from leave of absence, reassuming their respective commands with a determination not to be left behind in the race for distinction. The return of Captain Byrnes was made the occasion of a grand blow-out at the tent of the non-commissioned officers of Company B. Major Cregier, Adjutant Leoser, Captains Murphy and Byrnes, and Lieutenants Stryker, Powers, Fitzgerald, &c., were present. Lager was imbibed, and a good time generally was the result,—so we have heard.
Remarks said to have emanated from Capt. Byrnes et. al. reflecting on Assistant Engineer Roe and others in New York, and published in the LEADER some weeks ago, are repudiated, and it is desirous that in future such poor jokes will be omitted. An indiscriminate throwing of stones is almost sure to hit some one hard.
Captain Purtell, who has recently returned from New York, and who was on the sick list for some days in consequence of injury to an arm, is now quite well, and at his duty again. We are under obligations to Andrew for taking letters for us to New York, and are requested to say that he will in a few days send on those two owls to his fast friend in Ann street.
Company I, Capt. John Wildey, now in their turn occupy the mill and points adjacent thereto. They will probably be relieved by Company K, Capt. Furtell, this week.
We have had several alarms lately—one last night, and one the night before—each resulting in nothing more than giving the men that most necessary habit of being ready for duty at a moment's notice.
The drilling of companies continues unabated, and the regiment has so much improved in the manual of arms, that our friends would be quite astonished could they see them. In marching, also, they might now, almost compete with the vaunted Seventh. In the firings they are also fast improving. In battalion drill they are a little behind, but with our men it is only to say and do; therefore, when they say they will, we may expect them to become perfect in this particular also.
The extraction of a serious tumor from the cheek of one of the men, was well performed by Doctor Gray yesterday. The patient was put to sleep with chloroform, and knew nothing about it until it was all over.
The sentence of the Court-Martial held since our last has been promulgated. It was that McGinness and Myers be confined for seven days on bread and water. On account of the prisoners' plea of the first offence, the sentence of the court was remitted by the Colonel.
Company E, still in Alexandria, have been drilled for the last few days, by Lieut. Coates, in the bayonet exercise and Zouave skirmishing.
Lieut. W. R. W. Chambers, although almost well when he returned here, has again been obliged to return home at the urgent request of his friends, who know that his present state of health requires him to remain at home—for a time, at least. We sincerely hope that our friend Chambers may again be able to join the boys. We know that in spirit he is with us A large number of Havelocks have been received by the regiment from different sources. Our men were much in need of them in this climate, and are very thankful to the donor. Capt. J. Wildey, Company L, has received 11 from Mrs. Judge Roosevelt for his company, for which both he and his men desire to return their best thanks.
The heavy guns now mounted on Fort Ellsworth unloaded doom the canal boats that brought them to Alexandria, by Company E, who performed all the labor connected with that operation in a remarkably short period. One of the guns, while in the slings, swung round, and caught Lieutenant Berry, who was assisting, between its muzzle and the boat's side. His side was considerably bruised, but as no bad result had followed, the boys are quite pleased, Lieutenant Berry being much of a favorite among them. The Lieutenant still, however, retains the marks, and will very naturally long recollect his narrow escape from being rolled out into a slap-jack.
Reports of all kinds reach the camp relative to the movements and force of the enemy. One of these last night, said that two South Carolina Regiments— the "chivalry"—who are also said by report to be so anxious to make the acquaintance of the Zouaves, were within five miles of the camp. The consequence was, that we were out at two o'clock, A. M., but were soon turned in again. The boys don't like these false alarms, and say, "What's the use of us fellows turning out all the time, and never getting to work? just as if we were running to fires over again ?"
The weather is hot and sultry here now, though we have rather cool and somewhat chilly mornings and nights. Those who would avoid colds, and the rheumatic pains that surely follow, should be provided with warm as well as light clothes, so as to change them with the weather. The rather jaunty and bright-looking uniforms with which we were furnished by the Department, are woefully changed since we left New York. Those who have had opportunity and inclination to wash, have theirs faded almost white; while those who are at all careless, look as though they had been cooks on board a collier for a year or more. The fact is, our men want a change of clothes more than anything else at present, and should be provided for in some way, as the same material for soldiers cannot be found every day.
How about the paper? How in the world is it, that we cannot get the LEADER package addressed to us, until the Wednesday afternoon after it is published? There must be a screw loose some where. But where? Last Saturday's paper has just now arrived. This is very inconvenient, as we are obliged to write now without knowing what we wrote last week, so if there should be any repetitions, you must blame somebody besides us for it. Why cannot our papers arrive here on Sunday, as well as the odd ones that do arrive? This is what we want to know.
If any one of your numerous readers are encumbered with more philosophical instruments than they know what to do with, we can inform him or her, where he or she can find a place for a chronometer, a barometer, a pocket compass, a pocket sun-dial with spirit level attached, and a field glass—or, in lieu of the last mentioned, an ordinary naval day and night glass, of medium size. A series of observations with these instruments would be interesting and instructive. Don't all speak at once!
The camp still continues healthy, and there are but few patients under the doctor's charge. A large number of the men were never so well in their lives, nor so capable of enduring fatigue, or privations of any kind.
June 20, 1861.—We have orders to be ready to advance at a moment's notice. H. L.
Letter from the Zouave Camp.
CAMP ELLSWORTH, ALEXANDRIA, Va.,
July 3, 1861.
Dear LEADER:—In consequence of the irregularity of the mail service, we find it impossible to keep up, as we intended a full and connected narrative of the doings in camp. Every plan has been resorted to, to secure the certain transmission of our weekly letters, without effect; we are, therefore, obliged to run the risk of repeating what we may have written before on some subjects. You must, however, for the sake of those at home, who we know are thinking of us, have a few items for the bunkers.
Since our last, an Assistant Surgeon has been appointed. Dr. Mitchell, from Massachusetts, an intelligent and fully qualified gentleman, has been added to the medical staff.
In the absence of anything more exciting, our men are turning their attention, during the few spare hours they have from drill, to various amusements, amongst which may be reckoned "a right smart chance" of base ball players and quoit pitchers. Some come out in appropriate costume, too. "Yes, indeed;" we saw Capt. Wildey yesterday under a very gay ball cap, and over an equally gay pair of ball shoes. Who' da' thunk it? Even the bold Colonel Cregier does not hesitate to pitch a quoit, and we think he knows how to do it. Of this we intend to be assured, as soon as the blacksmith sends home the quoits, as ordered. Just now, anticipation of the glorious Fourth, so near, and recollections of how many a one has been passed in the one city of the Union, occupy all our minds, and lest you may suppose that we are to have no Fourth in Virginia, we send the following as a sample of the invitations that have been issued for a banquet to be given in honor of the day so so dear to us all.
CAMP ELLSWORTH, July 3, 1861.
SIR:—You are respectfully invited to dine with the non-commissioned officers of Company H, in their tent, on the approaching Anniversary of our National Independence, at 1, P.M.
By honoring us with your company you will much oblige
Your obedient servants,
Corporal John A. Smith, Ch'man,
Corporal Jesse H. Neall, Sec'y.
Sergeants: Thomas Curtis,
David Closey, Com.
Corporal: David McMurtie.
There is no doubt but this affair will be conducted in a manner calculated to do credit to the company and the regiment; and we hope to be able to furnish particulars for your next issue. Sundry boxes were received in camp last evening, said to contain fireworks, from friends at home, and they will also add to the enjoyments of the day. But how insignificant all human contrivances and inventions are when contrasted with the works of the omnipotent Ruler of the universe. An opportunity of witnessing one of the many wonderful phenomena of the Heavens, was afforded us last night A comet or a nebulous star of vast magnitude, and apparently very near the earth, with a brilliant and immensely long tail, was to be seen extending through the sky diagonally across the "milky way," and heading from southeast to north-west. The head was very luminous, of a bright gold color, and the tail also occasionally bright—must have been about 60° in length.
Many were the opinions expressed, as you may suppose, relating to the appearance of the strange visitor, some creating not a little amusement. One individual wished to know whether comets obtained their "passes" from our new Brigadier-General Wilcox, or from General Scott. Another in our hearing stated it as his belief that comets seldom get passed, while still another, in order to display his knowledge of scientific matters, endeavored to concentrate the nebulous rays by means of a double convex lens, with a view of having a regimental smoke on the strength of it. This latter experimenter was finally persuaded to keep his burning glass for use when the sun shines. Is our strange visitor a forerunner of bloody work to be done? From whence came it? What does its appearance portend? Is it one of the signs spoken of in Revelations: "And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig-tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind;" or what? A skirmish occurred on the morning of the 29th, as you have doubtless seen by the papers, between the pickets of the Pennsylvania 4th, and a secession scouting party, in which the former had one man killed, and one seriously wounded. The secession men lost there sergeant, who was shot dead, and it is believed that another was killed and carried away, along with one or more wounded. This shooting of picket guards by scouts, is one of the most villainous practices that ever disgraced civilized warfare. War at best, is bad enough, God knows, but when men who have a knowledge of every pathway in the country, sneak around trees and fence posts, and shoot men in the back, we are satisfied that the whole civilized world will cry out with indignation at the perpetrators of such cold blooded, brutal murder—for murder it is, and nothing else. And should the assassins be caught, we sincerely hope that they will be made to ornament the nearest trees.
Cloud's Mill, of which you have heard so much, though it has become quite an institution with us as an outpost, has nothing about it that is in the least degree picturesque, or, indeed, remarkable in any way. It is a plain four-story brick building, standing a little back from the road to Fairfax, and bears the name of its owner, who resides about a quarter of a mile further on, on the same side of the road. Companies B, I, and K have alternately been stationed at the Mill, and Company A is now there. On several occasions we have visited the different companies there, and are indebted to Captains Byrnes, Wildey, Purtell, and Coyle, for hospitalities, and although we have seen some good times there, let it not be supposed, that our Mill bears the least resemblance to certain old ivy-covered structures situated on hill sides, where the busy wheel is turned on its axis by a babbling brook, whose sparkling water is dashed into shining atoms over the jagged rocks that line its steep inclining bed, and whose swift moving surface is ever and anon broken by the leaping trout. Oh! no. Cloud's Mill is not the Mill par excellence of romance—so treasured in the minds of the novel readers—but as we have said, a most ordinary common place brick building, noted for nothing but the millions of horrible flies bred in its vicinity, the scantiness of the muddy fluid that stagnates in the so-called, or rather mis-called mill stream, that winds its sluggish way through a much neglected meadow, and almost hidden beneath a wild growth of weeds and brushwood. Indeed, were it not for the recollection of the hot biscuits furnished to the Captain's table by the hands of the charming "Ida," we doubt very much that we should have soiled so much good paper by writing of Cloud's Mill at all. As a stragetic point, it amounts to nothing--commands nothing—not even respect—as an outpost, it is but an apology for a guardhouse-—and, so much for the Mill, that possesses not even a maid to attach to it a coloring of romance or sentiment.
On Tuesday last, in company with Hospital Steward Perrin, we took a long walk to the front, some three miles beyond the cavalry pickets, for the purpose of taking a look at the country round about us; but, on observing a party of eight or nine suspicious-looking characters, who seemed to be enjoying their midday lunch by the side of a road about a quarter of a mile ahead of us, and believing that "discretion is the better part of valor" on such occasions, we kept shady until the party rode off, when we leisurely returned to camp. But one of these men seemed to be in uniform, though all were armed and well mounted. Very little did they suspect who was looking at them, or how easily their number might have been lessened, had we been armed with a Sharp's rifle. As it was, certain capture would have been the result of our firing a single shot from the pop-guns of pistols which were carried by us. In the day time we do not believe the secession pickets approach any nearer to us than the distance above noted; at the same time, we are convinced that we are surrounded by traitors, who, when night comes, prowl round through the woods and by-roads, meet the enemy's scouts, give them information of the position of our sentries, and take an occasional shot at the guards themselves.
It would be a mere folly to enter into long contradictions of the false reports continually copied from Southern papers into the New York Herald, as we might have to continue them to the end of the war. Two paragraphs have recently appeared, however, which, for sheer lying, surpass anything of the kind that has come under our notice. One of these says that our men "have to be punished to compel them to go on guard;" that "nine were killed on Friday night, and every night one or more finds himself a dead man," &c., &c.; and the other, not to be outdone in barefaced falsehood, says that "upwards of fifty have already been slaughtered by the "Jackson Avengers," and that "two or three are picked off every night." Now, the simple fact is, that since we left New York we have had only one man killed and two wounded, as is said, by the fire of the rebels. And it is by no means certain that these were not shot by friends in mistake, or by themselves accidentally or through carelessness. If the "Jackson Avengers," with all the oaths they have taken, and all the lying they are capable of, cannot do more than this, it is our private opinion that when our fellows get hold of them they will speedily follow to keep company in a warm corner with the vile rebel they are named after. Holding this opinion, it will not be wondered at that we do not condescend to contradict the ridiculous report, that our men "have to be punished to compel them to go on guard." The immortal Dick Marshall still continues to thank his fast friends in New York, for the manner in which he was treated while there, although he stoutly denies the imputation on his hitherto unblemished character, that he was half seas over all the time he was in the city. We must join Dick in denouncing the authors of the libel, as we are satisfied that he was not in a state of inebriety all the time he was there.
Captain Jack Leverich is quite indignant that a charge should be made against him of purloining a badge from H. B. Venn. The Captain avers that Harry never had a badge, and that the said Harry never could be the recipient of one from a Sunday School, on account of his well known idiosyncracies.
That no one would give him one; and that if he had a badge, he never lost it. Captain Jack's opinion is that the whole affair is a canard, circulated in order to get square for the board of "that dorg," at the Racket Court some months ago. However this may be, we feel no more inclination to interfere in this scrape than we did in the other, so the two worthies mentioned must settle the matter themselves, without our aid.
July 4th, 1861.
The glorious Fourth has arrived, and all is well and quiet. Grand preparations are being made by Company H for the dinner; and as an extra strong guard is being mounted, the band of the Michigan Regiment gives us" Hail Columbia" in a style that warms every heart, and reminds us of old times at home. It has been said during the last week, that the rebels were to attack us on this day. If they should put their threats into execution, they will find the Zouaves wide awake, and ready for them.
Just as we are about sending off our letter, we find a large number of the members of Company E on the dock in front of their quarters at Alexandria, keeping 4th of July after a fashion of their own. On top of a railroad baggage car, we observe one prominent gentleman, supposed to be Judge of a Court (Supreme here, of course),private Mills —who is charging a jury just elected—not, however, without the usual number of challenges—and at his feet, on the platform of the car, is to be seen William Henry, the Captain's colored man of all work, who represents the prisoner at the bar, while he in turn is represented by another orator, who disputes the legality of the tribunal, the jurisdiction of the court, &c., &c. The prisoner, who, we find, is charged with insubordination, desertion and winning the Captain's whiskey, is, we are happy to say, likely to escape drowning, for the simple reason (as Louis Meeks says) that he was born to be hanged. It is now 12 1/2 M., 4th July, 1861, and as Capt. Tyler and a number of friends visit Capt. Jack, and as the mail leaves at 1, and as we must drink with them on the occasion, we must, for this time, conclude.
Letter from the Zouave Camp.
Dear LEADER—Since our last, the glorious Fourth has come and gone, and however much we all may have wished to have celebrated it elsewhere with our friends and relatives, we feel that the loyal firemen of the City of New York could not be better employed on that honored anniversary than in defending the Stars and Stripes of their country from the dishonor meditated by traitors. With the little means at our command in camp, in addition to the few (not) "inconsidered trifles" sent from home, we made what display we could, and endeavored, in our loyalty, to make up by the will what we lacked in the deed. The non-commissioned officers of Company H succeeded admirably in entertaining the Colonel, Lieutenant-Colonel Cregier, Major Leoser, the Medicos, Gray and Mitchell, Captains Wildey, Hackett, Downey, Tagen, several lieutenants and other attaches of the regiment. A good dinner was well discussed, speeches were made, toasts were drank, songs were sung, and fun and jollity ruled the hour, or rather hours, for the golden rays of the setting sun, as it lengthened the tapering shadows of the tall trees, gave us notice of the approach of the short twilight, ere the jovial party broke up and sought their own tents, pleased with themselves and every one else, particularly with the manner in which they had been entertained by the non-commissioned officers of Company H, to whom we beg to return our thanks for their kind invitation. Contrary to the expectations of his friends, Jeff. Davis did not dine in Alexandria on the Fourth, and the pies and cakes said to have been prepared for him and his troops by the Secession leaders of that village, must be a little mildewed by this time. In future we would respectfully recommend them to consult the Zouaves ere they make any extensive preparations for his entertainment.
Matters and things jog along quietly in camp, with the exception of sundry growls respecting the quality of the rations delivered to the men. Our men are a peculiar class, and although they are capable of and will endure all the necessary privations and hardships that any men on earth will or can, they are intelligent enough to perceive when and where a screw is loose, and will not quietly submit to be imposed upon in the most trifling degree. Hence the grumbling in regard to the provisions. They say they have done all that any other men in the Volunteer Army have done, and that, if other Regiments are supplied with fresh bread daily, they are also entitled to their "soft tack," instead of the hard, black shingles that were, on one or two occasions, served out. We confess that the sample shown us was not fit for use, and we cannot see the necessity for it, as some 400 barrels of good flour was seized at the Mills when we first took possession, that, in our opinion, being "contraband of war," should have been devoted to the use of the troops; and it is strange, to say the least, that such articles should be kept stored up for the owners, and our men asked to eat the hard rye bran bread that has recently been served out. Perhaps we may be permitted to ask whether some one does or does riot profit by this arrangement, at the expense of the teeth and health of the men? Is there a Ring here, also, and who is in it?
The delay in paying the Regiment has also been a source of very great inconvenience. Every other Regiment that we know of has been paid; and yet we are now going on three months in the service, and have received "nary red" yet. This is not on the square. Some part of the delay may be accounted for on the ground that, from want of experience in such matters, the first set of pay. rolls were returned for not being properly filled up; but there has been, besides, a great deal of delay, that certainly could and should have been avoided. We know not on whose toes we tread in making this assertion, but we think it right that the friends of the Regiment should know how we have been treated, in order that in future some means may be devised by which the men may be enabled to receive the pittance allowed to them. The want of this money is felt doubly by those who have left families at home, who, for aught they know, may be suffering, especially now that their allowances have been stopped.
It is now two weeks since the pay-rolls of this Regiment were forwarded, in charge of a duly authorized agent, to the authorities of the great State of New York, and as yet the miserable $612 per man has not, up to the present writing, been received. What is the cause? The rolls for the United States pay are now being made out, and if it takes as long a time to accomplish nothing as it has done in regard to the State pay, the war may by possibility be ended before our men receive a cent to send home to their suffering families. Let this be thought of, and acted upon.
The fireworks sent on by our friends in New York, did not, for the most part; arrive here until the 5th; the consequence was, that Capt. Jack Wildey and others had quite a good display on that evening, in lieu of having it on the great Fourth. Adams Express Company is blamed for this, how fairly we cannot say. The evening of the 5th, however, lost nothing by the non-arrival of the pin-wheels, crackers, and Roman candles; and the singing by members of Company I, in front of their captain's tent, was just as sweet, as the harmonious chords floated off into the distance in the warm summer air, as if we had had command of Edge's entire establishment.
We had an alarm on the night of the 5th, when some fifty shots were fired by the sentries. Of course, there was a regular turn-out of the men, but it was found there was no cause for the alarm:—some of the boys, as usual, trying their hands at the fire-flies that are so numerous and beautiful in this region.
There are indications of an advance movement, among which may be reckoned the arrival of a number of Regiments. The Third and Fourth Maine, the Second Scott Life Guard, the Fifth Pennsylvania, the Second Vermont, &c. The last mentioned arrived here yesterday evening, and were sent forward by rail, in the midst of a thunder-storm. How the rain poured down in torrents, as the wind-broken engine groaned its slow way along the apology for a railroad—how the Vermonters bore their wet welcome to Virginian soil—how the sick were huddled together in one close, ill-ventilated car, and the baggage and tents were exposed to the fury of the elements on open trucks—how the Major, Quartermaster Stetson, Dr. Gray and the writer, of the Zouaves, ornamented the creaking, sighing, coughing, blowing, puffing, smoking, steaming, sweating, gasping, slow coach of an engine, taking a "front seat on the charcoal-box" of the same, immediately over the cow-catcher—how the said quartette enjoyed the delights of a railroad trip at a speed of one mile in two hours, amidst the pelting of the pitiless storm—how the poor, good-looking, good-humored, take-it-easy women who accompanied the Vermonters, bore the discomforts of their slow ride—how one of them while her brethren-in-arms were ploughing their weary way through the long, dank, uncut meadow grass, to the camp-ground, laden with trunks, camp-kettles, straw-beds, tents, tent-poles, knapsacks, saddles, fire-locks, and all the paraphernalia of a regiment on the march, braved the rain, the mud, and the half mile tramp through all—how the other three remained in the car with the sick, and returned to the depot, to minister to their wants—how the Major and the Quartermaster remained at the camp of the advanced guard of the Zouaves, taking horsesback ride home in the dark and the rain—how the Doctor and your correspondent returned on the engine crab-fashion at the same lively gait at which we had gone forward—how we found ourselves on foot at the depot, a mile or more from quarters—how we fought our way through mud-holes, over rough pavements and old, neglected brick sidewalks and streets that certainly had not been attended to since Harry Arcularius was Street Commissioner—how, finally, we reached the hospitable quarters of Captain Jack Leverich, drenched with rain, covered with mud, jaded and tired, in search of a supper and bed—how the gallant Captain delighted our hopes of aliment by blessing us with a few crackers, a glass of grog, and a soft board in a dark room—how all of the above delightful reminiscences might be descanted upon—the abortion of a railroad, indicative of Virginia having been counted out of the march of improvement—the endurance of the men, displaying Northern grit and stamina—the devotion of the women, establishing, sans disputation, the truth of the line, "a ministering angel thou!"—the sublimity of the thunder, the vividness of the lightning, the howling of the tempest, showing the wonders of Him who "rides upon the storm"—may, after your readers have taken a good long breath, be imagined, but cannot be described by us in the brief space allotted to a newspaper correspondent.
It has just been told us while we write, by no less a person than Pat Dennison, the factotum of the Q. M., that the Vermonters were not allowed to enjoy their neat and hardly occupied quarters without interruption, as shortly after we left, the camp was fired upon, but fortunately without effect. We are still of the opinion that the occasional attacks upon our pickets and outposts, are by the farmers who still reside in the neighborhood. There are plenty of traitors among them, who smile in our faces, and who only wait their opportunity to pick off our sentries under cover of the night.
Company A, Captain Coyle, which has occupied Cloud's Mill for the last week, had their tents and baggage forwarded to them yesterday, and the regiment moves forward to occupy that position to-day. The tents are being struck, and all is perspiration and activity. The thunder-storm of last night has had a good effect on the weather and the roads—cooling the one, and freeing the other from dust—so that the short march will be accomplished with ease to the men. It is now fine, clear, and cool.
Since our last, Lieutenant Stryker, of Company B, Captain Ed. Byrnes, has resigned, and left for New York. His leaving the Regiment is regretted by all. He was a great favorite in his Company, and every man of them wishes him no worse fortune than a better position in some equally good Regiment. Lieutenant Stryker accompanied us when we bore the dispatch to General Scott announcing the death of Col. Ellsworth, of whom he was the bosom friend, and from our knowledge of Mr. Stryker we can safely say that he is an accomplished officer, a good soldier, and an affable and courteous gentleman, qualified for any position in a Regiment. We can only hope that he may secure such a one as his abilities entitle him to, and that we may meet again.
We have also to regret the loss of Lieutenant Fergus, of Company K, Captain Purtell. Lieutenant Fergus is a promising young officer, and his loss as a drill-master will be much felt.
Among changes likely to take place, we may mention that our friend, Dr. Gray, will probably be examined in a day or two as a candidate for the responsible position of Brigade Surgeon. We have had many opportunities of witnessing operations performed by our surgeon, and, knowing what we aver, have no hesitation in saying that Dr. Gray is one of the most expert operators we have ever seen. His knowledge of anatomy, coolness, precision with the knife, and a certain suavitur towards the patient, qualify him for the highest position in his profession, while his management of hospital and sanitary arrangements entitles him to the gratitude of the Fire Zouaves for their remarkably healthy condition.
While we regret the probability of losing him, we cannot help hoping that the Board of Examiners may have the good judgment to place in the highly responsible position of Brigade Surgeon a gentleman who can be made so useful to his own as well as to the other regiments composing the Brigade.
A gross injustice has been done to our Regiment by the circulation of a report in New York to the effect that several houses in Washington had been burned by the Zouaves, and that they would not permit the Washington firemen to extinguish the flames. The truth is, not one of our men was in any way concerned in the incendiarism. It is well known here that the fire was the work of some of the members of a New Jersey Regiment, and that the few members of our Regiment in town at the time worked with a will, aiding the Washington people to subdue it.
The Washington folks know this, and it is too bad that at home we should be so maligned. Is it not enough that the Herald should belie us? Truly has it been said, "a prophet, seldom finds honor in his own country."
The following item has been sent us, which we have pleasure in including in our weekly letter. First Lieut. R. N. Bowerman (formerly of the seventh company, Seventh Regiment) of Company E (Captain J. B. Leverich) Fire Zouaves, was the recipient of a splendid line sword and fixings on the evening of July 3. It was presented by his co-employees of Messrs. A. & G. A. Arnoux, of 521 Broadway, and was suitably inscribed. Lieut. Bowerman arrived here on the fifth, and now fills the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Lieut. W. R. W. Chambers.
Mr. John Slowey, Superintendent of Markets, paid a flying visit to the camp and to Cloud's Mill, on Tuesday last, and left without even stopping to say how d'ye do to the subscriber. The future will tell whether we shall recollect this piece of gallantry on the part of the ex-foreman of No. 19 or not.
The regiment is pulling up stakes, the tents are being struck, all hands are preparing for a start—we have received warning that we must be in camp to attend to our troops, and the consequence is that we must conclude without mentioning several little matters of interest. When next we write, for which privilege we fervently hope, we opine we shall have something to communicate worth reading. "En avant mes enfants!"
From a High Private in the Zouaves.
UNDER A TREE,
CAMP ELLSWORTH, July 7, 1861.
EDITOR LEADER:—I would have written to you some time ago, but for the fact that I could not procure any paper. However, I will now undertake the penning of a regular double-breasted letter, in order to make up for all former deficiencies, though I am not going to bore you with a chronicle of all the current events that have transpired since we left Washington; such as how we annihilated an entire railway depot; how we dazzled with fascinating glances the vinegar-complexioned daughters of the F. F. V.'s; how we circumvented an immense forest; how we destroyed an extensive secession hotel; how we blew up a powder magazine; how we were reprimanded for working too hard in the trenches; how we gutted a flour mill, and how we luxuriated upon slapjacks afterwards; how we, like Nebuchadnezzar in his desolation, went on all fours into strawberry-beds and sumptuously feasted upon their dainty products; how we disembowelled a vast distillery; how many of our men were particularly addicted to meandering their courses through aromatic onion beds, cabbage nurseries, radish plantations, and fruit groves, in search of "Secession pickets," or articles "contraband of war," and such other "petty eccentricities," as being anxious to stand sentry and examine and search people for concealed "weapons," or inspect milk-wagons and tell the driver you are very thirsty; how many of them diurnally saunter through barn-yards and gratuitously assume the guardianship of youthful tenants of the sty, fatherless goslings, and parentless chickens, and with what sagacious instinct they can explore the inmost recess of a hay-loft for a colony of hen-fruit; how on the Fourth we revelled over many a brimming tancred of lager; how we improvised a tallow candle procession and marched around the Colonel's tent; how we made the night hideous with our howls, and how we were obliged to look on with impunity at the luminous drapery in which the Capital was clothed, and satisfy ourselves with the inward consolation that we, too, would be in the midst of "blazes" before long.
All these, and many other little episodes of camp life, which might be interesting to you, will have to be consigned to the historical storerooms of my cranium for the present, until I have time and space to cater them out to you in detail.
Geographically speaking, our camp is bounded on the north by a heterogeneous population of "sogers," niggers, Secessionists, and other benighted bipeds; on the south by a defunct distillery (before alluded to), a sinuous creek, in the chaotic waters of which the catfish and pollywog gambol promiscuously, and a reservoir. Previous to that period in the world's history when the "sacred soil" of Virginia was "desecrated" by the Gothic hordes of the North, the latter institution was supposed to have contained a few fish, but the carnivorous appetites of those "hirelings" were too great for such dainty allurements to remain unmolested, and they are now all extinct. On the east we are favored with the presence of a slaughter-house, which "wastes its sweetness on the desert air," and a bird's-eye view of Alexandria, which resembles its ancient predecessor in the possession of a large Ethiopian population and a few immense pyramids—of offal and manure. On the west we have Fort Ellsworth and a magnificent swamp. We sometimes make peregrinations through the liquid mud of the latter, in search of sage frogs, the hind quarters of which make tempting baits for the most fastidious epicure, when stewed. But a voyage through this realm of reptiles is repaid with the involuntary exportation of clay enough on each boot of the explorer to comprise the foundation of a small German principality.
Our bill of fare, when coupled with the "perquisites" of scouting, is everything that can be desired, with one exception only—that is, the crackers, which are rather too tenacious for ordinary molart, and mine have been decimated materially. I will, however, use the most strenuous exertions to preserve one of my front teeth as a monument to commemorate the departure of the rest.
Water is not very scarce in this neighborhood, but all facilities for bathing lying outside of our line of sentinels, we are obliged to forego all such luxuries as an ablution in the aforesaid fluid, and have been reduced down to sand-papering ourselves once every two weeks.
Guerrillaism has given us very little annoyance since three of the fraternity were polished off by the same number of Pennsylvania sentinels, and the" Minnesotians" hard by express an earnest desire to "camp on the trail" of some of these nocturnal visitors. This regiment embraces in its ranks some of the tallest looking orphans I have yet seen turned out, and the regiment that is preceded in an engagement by such a stockade of bone and muscle as they possess need not have much apprehension about a big list of killed and wounded, unless the enemy they face are a battalion of baboons.
The usual rumors of "forced marches," "Manassas Junction," "Richmond," "Right of the line," "Advance Post," &c., are going the rounds, but it is doubtful when the perpetual battle of The Herald is going to come off, though one thing is settled, and that is that every one of us is prepared for it, as a little excitement would be a great relief to our present inactivity.
I never enjoyed better health in my life than I do at present and am very well satisfied with the substitution of the "shooting iron" for the "composing stick." I am very thankful to you for sending me so many papers, as they are worth their weight in gold out here. Yours, sincerely, W. N.
Brilliant Charge and Victory of the Fire Zouaves.(July 20, 1861)
Just before going to press, we learn that the Fire Zouaves charged upon a battery of four guns at Bull's Run, and with a loss of fifteen men killed and wounded, routed the Rebels at the point of the bayonet.
It is said that their rallying cry, "Remember Ellsworth!" was one of the most fearful demonstrations ever heard or known. They mowed the gunners down right and left, and in the space of eight minutes were in complete command of the whole battery.
Further particulars are anxiously expected.
THE NEW-YORK FIRE ZOUAVES IN BATTLE.
TAKEN FROM NOTES FURNISHED BY JOHN JOHNSON, OF
ENGINE 40, AND MARION OF ENGINE 9, BOTH PRIVATES
IN COMPANY B, CAPTAIN EDWARD BURNS.
July 23, 1861.
To the Editors of the New York LEADER:
On Wednesday, July 17, we were ordered to march to Fairfax station. Our regiment being in advance on the left, Companies A and B acting as skirmishers, who soon made an attack upon the intrenchment occupied by a squad of the Rebels, and drove them out and through four other camps—Johnson, of Engine 40, taking their colors, on which was inscribed "Tenn. S. Rifles," being an abbreviation for Tennessee Rifles. On a double quick we sped on to Fairfax. Four miles beyond here we met the Garibaldi Regiment as an advance of the other division, whom we took for the enemy, though after firing a few shots, discovered our mistake.
Orders now came to retire back to Fairfax, which we did until Friday night, when we marched to Centreville in double quick. Here we remained until Sunday morning at 2 A. M., when we were ordered to Manassas, on the left of the brigade (the right of Bull's Run), Colonel Wilcox of the Michigan Regiment, in command. We soon heard the sounds of cannon and musketry, which started us off on double quick again, and we did not hold until we had come within a mile of the battery, having come fourteen miles. Cregier now told us that there was no time for food or rest, and that we must prepare for battle at once. So with a cheer we welcomed the news, and commenced to lighten ourselves of our overcoats, haversacks, &c.; then took up our line of march over an open plain, under fire from the enemy's batteries.
We were ordered by Gen. McDowell to support Arnold's Battery while it was being planted, and from which the Sixty-ninth and Seventy-ninth had been repulsed. We had got within fifty rods of the battery in an elevation, and were in companies and about to form in line of battle, when the celebrated Black Horse Cavalry made a charge upon us out of a skirt of wood on our right. As they came out in couples on the open plain they would exclaim, "Friends! Friends!" making us think they were such, and we were about to continue to form in line, when they formed, drew up to within twenty feet, and fired their pistols at us. In an instant we returned the fire, and men and horses fell like ten-pins. Their first volley wounded two of Company B—one in the ear, the other in the arm, while Lieut. Derers, of Company G, received three shots.
The road that the Rebels came out of led between Companies G and B, and as we got hard at work, the Black Horse Cavalry made a rush through them in order to reach our rear and regain the woods. While doing so our men deployed to the right, and took them as they came up, and very few got back to tell the news. We rushed upon them with our sabre bayonets, and dragged them from their horses, and in one instance a Zouave shot a Rebel with his own weapon. George Amey, of Company B, was shot in the thigh by a grape from the battery, which was playing away all this time upon us; but he got even, as he shot five of the cavalry, driving his musket almost to the lock through one of them.
" Ellsworth!—remember Ellsworth!" was the chorused battle-cry with us all, and at each shout horsemen would fall from their horses, victims upon our altar of vengeance. As they retreated we counted seventeen dead horses, while dozens of them were running around riderless. Soon the remnant of them returned, reinforced by another large troop of cavalry in gray uniform, who came to the edge of the woods, but no farther, for we opened a volley from our Minies upon them, and they soon retreated pell-mell, without firing a shot.
Col. Farnham, who had just risen from a sick bed to come with us, was at our head, early and bravely giving orders the whole time—although he had lost command, for each man was fighting on his own hook, and did not wait for our captain's orders. Gen. McDowell now made his appearance, with Col. Wilcox and Heintzelman, and Farnham ordered us in line again. We then marched in companies to support Arnold while planting his battery, which he succeeded in doing, and the artillerymen commenced at once to use them on a battery in front, and. in one half hour, so well did they handle their guns, they silenced it. The two batteries in the rear, commanding the first one, then commenced to throw shell and grape on us. Farnham, seeing how destructive to us was this rain of iron, ordered us to lie down, for it was certain death to stand up. The gunners stood bravely to their guns, until nearly all were killed, as were nearly all their horses. Those that were left, seeing how fatal it was to continue, determined to save their guns if they could, and commenced to retreat with them, in their hurry running over our men. This broke our line. We could see four rifle regiments, which proved to belong to Louisiana, supporting the batteries, which at once maneuvered to flank us right and left, under cover of the smoke from the batteries. In time we saw a Secession flag waving and running towards us. Col. Farnham seeing it, ordered us to rise and fire at the approaching columns, who had accomplished their purpose, and got us on the right and left. We went at those on our left with a will, and soon repulsed them, while the dead they left behind them told how true had been our aim—a prisoner said not fifty escaped. (Oh, the Minie is a terrible avenger!) The enemy on the right retreated back to the woods again. Meanwhile the batteries were working a way upon us. Up to this time we had lost about one hundred of our men, and they were dropping fast beneath the constant stream of lead which the batteries poured upon us. Farnham now gave the order to retire, which we executed in good order, turning and firing upon the riflemen as we did so.
P-Now, the Fourteenth of Brooklyn came up to take our place, but after firing one volley, had to retire also. We were pretty well scattered about this time. As the Fourteenth followed us, the Michigan First came up to the post of danger, but as soon as they showed the battery opened again, and the same fate awaited them as did ourselves, the Sixty-ninth, Seventy-first, and Fourteenth. We had now got together again, and formed in companies, when we saw the Sixty-ninth returning to attack or charge their batteries, with bold, firm step. We saluted them with cheers as they passed us. We saw the Sixty-ninth go over the rise of the hill, when we heard the battery at work again, and it cut them down fearfully, so that they were forced to retreat again, which they did in good order. The riflemen whom we had repulsed attacked the Sixty-ninth, killed their color-guard, and got possession of the green standard. We had at this time gained a hill, and commenced to fire upon a body of cavalry who were anxious to make a charge upon the Sixty-ninth as they were drawing away, when Captain Jack Wildey, of Company I, saw the riflemen in the act of retreating with the flag in their possession, he at once called on the boys to the rescue, which was seconded at once by all who heard him, and this, too, in the face of the fire from a battery. On we sped, Jack in advance, and with his own hand he shot the Rebel who had the flag, got possession of it, and returned it to the Sixty-ninth, who, at this time, were not aware their color-guard had been shot down.
Major Lozier saw a troop of cavalry in a clearing of the woods forming, and about to take the road that would bring them out where we made such slaughter among the Black Horse gentlemen of Virginia. He gave word for the Zouaves to charge upon them, which was no sooner said than done, and we raked them with our Minies terribly. They gave us a hot fire, and many a boy dropped from among us. Lozier's horse was shot from under him, but almost in an instant one of those belonging to the enemy was caught, and he was mounted again, and said that he thought he had not lost by the exchange. Hardly had he spoken before that horse lay dead upon the field; but as horses without riders were very plenty, he was soon in a saddle again, and we were in full pursuit of this fresh body of cavalry. They made for the woods as usual, and we after them, chock up to a masked battery, which we knew not of until we were on it. It had not opened its' fire, as it was trying to cover the retreat of the troop of horse, and we were so close upon it that it did not dare fire, fearing to cut up its own men.
We were surrounded by a large body of infantry, whom we had to turn upon and fight our way out. Our colors were in the hands of good men, who were waving them upon the top of the intrenchments, but both were shot and the enemy got our flags. As soon as this was known we rallied again and got possession of them, tore them from the staffs, and they soon covered the breasts of two of our men. It was a sickening sight to see our boys cut down, and could we have been supported at this time we would have held this battery, but, to make matters still worse, our own friends outside were sending in volley after volley at us, which done us great harm. We gained the plain and saw an officer of rank, who we were told was McDowell, endeavoring to rally up a regiment to our support; but it was no use, although he exclaimed, "They have got a battery, and cannot bold it without assistance." He rode close to us and said, "Go it, boys, we will lick them yet!"
Our ranks were thin, and then every one that was left could mourn his partner. We could gather but few, when the order of retreat was sounded; but it was with sad hearts we obeyed the order, and joined the retreating column. A battery fired upon us that had not fired a gun before, and the cavalry how came out quite boldly and annoyed us very much, when Farnham, Gregier and Lozier, Knox of Company A, and Lieutenant Fitzgerald of Company C (the only officers then able to be in their places), after a few words together ordered a rally, when we turned and gave the horsemen another volley from our guns, and compelled them, for the fifth time, to retire with great loss. We could see them now bringing field pieces, and placing them upon the hills behind us, and they also had possession of Arnold's battery, which they opened upon us with. This did us no great harm, and seeing that, they soon ceased to fire, and turned to cut off our retreat across the bridge at Bull Run, that being the only way we could retreat; but our own artillery had this in charge, and kept them at bay and covered the retreat.
We could see our hospital in flames with the yellow and white flags still flying, but this excited no sympathy from the Rebels, as they had shelled it and put it in flames. They also fired at the ambulance and took the wounded back as prisoners. This would not have been the case, had not the large wagon cavalry, the baggage men and baggage of the officers blocked up the road, and prevented them from going towards Centreville in safety. As we crossed the Bull Run bridge, the battery there opened upon us, and knocked spots out of the officers' traps, for around the road lay loose cigars, tobacco, pickled meats, liquors, &c., with which we regaled ourselves most heartily.
We arrived without any further loss at Centreville, when Colonel McDowell asked Farnham to send his men back to help guard the bridge at Bull Run. Oar Colonel said he knew the boys would obey the order, but it would be inhuman to ask it. He was about to give it, however, when a fresh regiment of the reserve came up, and they were ordered there.
On Monday morning we were ordered to Washington, and when we arrived we took possession of the barracks that were formerly occupied by Butterfield's Twelfth Regiment.
Our killed and wounded we cannot report, as the muster-roll has not been called, but we are all satisfied with our day's work, and feel that we are more than even with the enemy, and are anxious for the field again once more to shout—"Remember Ellsworth!"
Our foes will not forget us.
BY A FIRE ZOUZVE.
Oh, it's all very well for you fellers
That don't know a fire from the sun
To curl your mustaches and tell us
Just how the thing oughter been done;
But when twenty wake up ninety thousand,
There's nothin' can follow but rout.
We didn't give in till we had to;
And what are yer coughin' about?
The crowd that was with them ere Rebels
Had ten to our every man;
But a fireman's a fireman, me covey,
And he'll put out a fire if he can;
So we run the masheen at a gallop,
As easy as open and shut,
And as fast as one feller went under,
Another kept takin' der butt.
You oughter seen Farnham that mornin'
In spite of the shot and the shell,
His orders kept ringin' around us
As clear as the City hall bell;
He said all he could to encourage
And lighten the hearts of his men,
Until he was bleeding and wounded,
And nary dried up on it then.
While two rifle regiments fought us
And batteries tumbled us down,
Then cursed Black Horse fellers charged us
Like all the Dead Rabbits in town;
And that's just the way with them Rebels,
It’s ten upon one, or no fair;
But we emptied a few of their saddles
You may bet all your soap on that air!
" Double up," says our colonel, quite coolly,
When he saw them come riding like mad;
And we did double up in a hurry,
And let 'em have all that we had.
They came at us counting a hundred,
And scarcely two dozen went back;
So you see, if they bluffed us on aces,
We made a big thing with the Jack.
We fought till red shirts were as plenty
As blackberries, strewing the grass,
And then we fell back for a breathing,
To let the Sixty-nine's fellers pass.
Perhaps Sixty-nine didn't peg 'em,
And give 'em uncommon cheroots?
Well, I've just got to say if they didn't,
You fellers can smell of my boots!
The Brooklyn Fourteenth was another,
And them Minnesota chaps, too;
But the odds were too heavy against us,
And but one thing was left to do;
We had to make tracks for our quarters,
And finished it up pretty rough;
But if any chap says they can lick us,
I'd just like to polish him off!
The N. Y. Fire Zouaves. (July 27, 1861)
The New York Fire Department, as a body, has cause to be justly proud of those of its members who were so severely tried on the field of battle on Sunday last. Their conduct was noble, brave, and fearfully heroic. Old soldiers, men who have seen the veteran troops of Europe on fields requiring not only great courage, but the utmost skill and judgment, witnessed the attack and defence of our red-shirted heroes, and pronounce them without a superior. They contended against continual odds, and were seemingly picked out by the Rebels for signal slaughter; their finest cavalry troop, and the most desperate infantry in their service, were pitted against them. The former they cut to pieces in a hand-to-hand conflict, leaving most of them dead upon the field; and the latter they repelled three several times. It was not until the cowardly Confederates, in overwhelming numbers, fell upon the brave corps, and drove them back when they were exhausted with eight hours' incessant fighting. So merciless were their foes, that the officers commanded the barbarian troops to bayonet every wounded man wearing a red shirt!
Firemen of New York and of the United States, everywhere, rally to the revenge of your brave brothers! Make these inhuman, heartless wretches repent this "most foul and unnatural murder" in sackcloth and ashes!
The blood of your brethren by the wayside cries for revenge. Wait until the hour of vengeance comes. Then let these murderers prepare for a terrible execution! Red-Shirts, remember the cry, "Blood for blood! Ellsworth, Downey, and Victory!" The Pay of the Fire Zouaves.
The State authorities have been blamed for the delay which has arisen in paying the gallant Fire Zouaves for the time they were in the service of the State. Our inquiries lead us to the opinion that this is unjust. As is known, the Zouaves left without being mustered into the service of the United States, and without any rolls being filed at Albany. It was the duty of the paymaster of the Regiment to prepare his pay-rolls, and to submit them with a bond bearing the names of two sureties. All regiments are required to do this, for obvious reasons. Doubtless, from the peculiar circumstances under which the Fire Zouaves were mustered, and under which they left, their paymaster was unable to submit his rolls and bond over till about ten days since. The bond reached Albany but a day or two before Governor Morgan left that city for Washington to examine personally into the condition of the troops. The proper inquiries were at once instituted to ascertain as to the responsibility of the sureties, but the requisite information was not obtained until Governor Morgan had left. Immediately on his return to this city, a few days since, he telegraphed to Albany to have the bond treated as approved, and to have the money sent here. These orders were complied with, and to-day the specie is on its way to Washington, so that the gallant Zouaves will get their pay on Monday. First Regiment Fire Zouaves. (Aug. 3, 1861)
A report is current, but generally discredited, that the Eleventh Regiment N. Y. State Volunteers, Col. Farnham, is about to be disbanded. We cannot trace the rumor to any reliable source, and believe it has no foundation in fact. There are one or two officers desirous of resigning, and as it is necessary to bring the regiment up to its original strength again, recruiting is to be resorted to. Some few men came away to visit New York, while the missing were coming into camp, and arrangements were being made to pay the troops off; but all are now anxious to go back, if we except two or three deserters whose room is preferable to their company.
The Fire Zouaves. (Aug 3, 1861)
Our private letters and advices from the Fire Zouaves, represent that great want of discipline still exists in the regiment, the disaster at Bull Run having shaken the confidence of the men in their commanding generals, and made them more difficult to manage. Complaint is made that great numbers of the Zouaves are now absent without leave in this city, and it is said that unless they promptly report in camp, vigorous measures are likely to be adopted towards compelling a return to their duties. So far as our own knowledge extends, however, we can assure the authorities at Washington, that of the Zouaves who have come back to New York, with or without leave, the great majority did so because either wounded or otherwise disabled from the effects of the late battle, and not being willing to trust themselves to the care of hospital surgeons and nurses. These men are now recovering rapidly, and will doubtless hasten back as soon as possible.
It should be said, however, that the regiment has been badly—scandalously—treated since its arrival at the seat of war,—ignored by the State Government, and but partially recognized by the Federal. This must be their apology for anything that has been amiss in the past; while for the future we have brighter and surer hopes.
Yesterday evening Messrs. Kelly and Watkins, two true and tried friends of the regiment, went on to Washington for the purpose of seeing personally what has been amiss in camp and hospital among the gallant fellows who fought so bravely in the field. We are glad also to be able to announce that Henry A. Burr, with characteristic generosity, has offered to advance $10,000 to supply the Zouaves with whatever they may need until other arrangements can be made.
We hear from a variety of quarters that Wm. Dayton, of 322 Pennsylvania avenue, Washington, both was and continues to be very kind to all the boys,—playing the part of good Samaritan with a heartiness which proves it to be hia natural character. We also hear from every side loud and earnest praises of the gallantry exhibited at Bull Run by Col. Farnham, who is happily recovering his health, Lieut. Colonel Cregier and Major Losier. These officers answered the highest expectations that had been formed of their efficiency,—Col. Farnham's resolve to be upon the field in spite of bodily ailment commanding universal admiration.
Subjoined is a list of the wounded now in the hospitals of Alexandria and Washington. Many are well and tenderly cared for, the Washington Infirmary being under charge of those ministering angels the Sisters of Charity, and having in Dr. Goulay a most skillful and attentive director:
IN ALEXANDRIA HOSPITAL.
Daniel Casback, Co. I. A. W. Penson, Co. E.
Anthony Burke, Co. F. Patrick McGuire, Co. D.
John H. Green, Co. D. D. McCauley, Co. F.
F. J. Gregory, Co. I. Samuel Langdon, Co. F.
Wolf Morrison, Co. G. Egbert Post, Co. E.
Henry Falkner, Co. B. Dan'l McCullough, Co. F.
G. H. Norton, Co. I. S. S. Walnhouse, Co. E.
John Richmond. Lewis Meeks.
James McGowen. Thomas Goodwin.
George Avery. Charles Wilson, Co. E
Frank Mullony. Captain Lang, of 79th.
The fate of our correspondent, W. Alcock, becomes involved in darker hopelessness day by day, though we do not yet utterly give him up as lost.
When last seen, he was in company with John Pertin, gallantly discharging a duty of humanity by loading an ambulance with the wounded of the regiment, utterly regardless of the iron hail which rained around them while in the performance of their task. Just at the moment when last seen, two squadrons of the Black Horse Cavalry were charging down towards the spot where Perrin and Alcock were at work; and from that moment to the present, nothing has been either seen or heard of them. They may be prisoners, wounded or unwounded, at Manassas Junction; but the ominous silence as to their names leaves little hope of this.
If they fell, however, it was in the discharge of a labor of humanity, making atonement for many shortcomings in the more careless hours of life;—but we shall still not abandon hope that our correspondent, who was in the front of the fight all day, and yet escaped unhurt up to the moment when last seen,—may yet prove to be among the many unrecorded prisoners made captive in the last charge of the Black Horse Cavalry. A letter has been sent through a sure channel to Richmond, with inquiries as to the fate of many of our brave fellows. We hope to hear, when the answer is received, that Mr. Alcock still lives to pursue a career of usefulness when released from that bondage to which his fidelity to wounded, comrades alone consigned him.
LATER FROM THE ZOUAVES.
From advices received just as we go to press a very melancholy picture is presented of the present condition of this once noble regiment. Col. Farnham is laid up in hospital, though steadily recovering; Lieut. Col. Cregier has returned with broken health to this city, having nobly discharged all his duties so long as he was able to keep his feet; and there are to-day but three captains and three companies of the Fire Zouaves to be found at the seat of war;—Capt. John B. Leverich with about forty-five or fifty men; Capt. Wildey with forty, and Capt. Curtill with about the same. Capt. Leverich has resumed his old duty of guarding the Government store-houses in Alexandria, his men apparently clinging to him better than to any other officer,—as may be judged from the fact that on Thursday last of the two other companies but forty men could be found to muster on parade in camp, and of these not more than ten or a dozen expressed themselves willing to mount guard.
As is quite natural, the officers and men left behind bitterly regret and deplore the conduct of those comrades, commissioned, and in the ranks, through whose malefasance and lack of fortitude this noble regiment is now threatened with destruction. The illness of Col. Farnham has been greatly aggravated by the shame he feels for the demoralization of his command,—his only present hope of saving the regiment consisting in a resolve to make all those officers who have proved themselves unfit for their positions resign. To Captains Wildey, Curtill and Leverich, too much credit cannot be given for the devoted energy they have displayed in attempting to gave the name of our New York Firemen, from the slur and brand of military disgrace. They still hope that a majority of the rank and file may be induced to return when assured of more competent officers and better treatment than they have heretofore been given. Had there been more such officers in the regiment, or more men like the noble Captain Downey whose quartered and unburied remains still cry to heaven for vengeance from the bloody battleground of Bull Run—we are confident that no spectacle of disorganization, such as we are at present reluctantly compelled to witness, could have occurred.
Nothing, we regret to learn, has yet been heard of our correspondent, Mr. Alcock, nor of the Rev. Mr. Dodge,—although Harry Perrin, who was with Alcock when the Black Horse Cavalry charged down on them, has been heard of through an old woman who travelled up from Fairfax Court House to bring the news. Perrin and Lieut. Underhill are held prisoners in an old barn at Fairfax, and are acting as hospital-stewards to their wounded and mangled comrades. Perrin being heard from, it is still possible, of course, that Alcock may have shared his fate, and be still alive; James Leary, Orderly Sergeant of Company E, is at Manassas Junction, wounded, but doing well. Also A. P. Muller, of the same company, not wounded, who desires to be remembered to all friends. Sergeant Major Tom Goodwin is fast recovering his health and spirits in the Washington Infirmary, and Sergeant Lewis Meeks the same. It would now seem certain that all stories about the butchery of prisoners and the wounded by the Secession forces, are either pure inventions or exceptional cases of barbarity displayed by Southern fanatics.
Subjoined is a list of the killed and wounded in this regiment--not complete, however, and not completeable until next week, when we shall give it in full with all particulars:
LIST OF KILLED, WOUNDED AND MISSING,
NUMBERING 129, IN THE N. Y. FIRE ZOUAVES.
Corporal Ebling. Private Gilbrath,
Private Eagan, " Devlin.
Thomas Thompson. Malarkey.
Corporal R. Brown, Private J. Gorman.
R. Bowman, H. Falkner,
B. Reynolds, O. Walford,
John Harrington, H. Shields,
T. Delany, J. Steward.
A. F. Carmody, L. Vanhusen.
A. J. Lennon, Ira Wilson,
D. H. Taylor, Jos. Taylor.
Patrick Finn, J. Richmond.
James Heeny, Geo. W. Smith,
Sergeant Sandell, Private C. Moor,
" Keregan, " J. Monteith,
Corporal Vandine, " Wm. Stevenson,
" Whiting, (prisoner),
Private John Broder, " E. H. Slocum,
" W. G. Bishop, " J. H. Stevens,
" J. Curren, " A. Tewelger,
" Wm. Davis, (prisoner.)
" Daniel Doyle, " H. J. Weston,
" J. E. Drummond, " J. C. Weatherh'd,
" David Eberly, " H. Elleaw,
" J. Finan, " John Wilkenson,
" E. Ferris, " P. Lee,
" T. Johnson, " G. C. Woods,
" J. V. Jackson, " H. B. West.
Captain Downey. Private G. Fosdeck.
Private W. Noll. " John Farlew.
" G. Smith. " J. Greenleaf.
" P. Coyle. " E. Rowe.
" G. Warburgh. " John McGrath.
" T. McGeehan. " T. R. Tappen.
" G. R. Taylor.
Private R. Diver. Private J. H. Grene.
" John Finn. " John Remson.
" P. McGovern. " W. H. Kollman.
Private John Payton. Private John Vitty.
Corporal McCauly. Private Dan McColough.
Private A. Burk. " Jerry McCarthy.
" M. Conolen. " Edward Sweeny.
" John Cary. " Peter Wood.
" Wm. Langdon. " Robert Dyer.
Sergeant J. W. Campbell. Private W. H. Girven.
Corporal Wm. F. Wilson. " J. Hopkins.
Private Wm. Frankfort. " J. Rogers.
" A. Flosbroy. " J. J. Weir.
Lieut. Divveri. Private D. McGlin.
Corporal J. Shaw. Private T. Blany.
" M. Trainor. " J. Cromer.
Private H. P. Hale. " T. Pender.
" C.Wilson. " T. Snider.
" W. Morrison. " E.Fisher.
Lieut. Underhill. Private M. Riddam.
Private C. Kelly. " M. Regan.
" John Maher. " M. Dwyer.
" M. Percell.
Private Ernest Heslin. Private John Mosgan.
Private J. Comesky Private John Long.
" E. Cal.... " Wm. B. Smith.
Private J. Sullivan. Private T. Carroll.
" G. W. H. Weidem- " Wm. R. Logan.
THE FIRE ZOUAVES.
WE were favored last night with a visit from twelve of the true and gallant members Company E, New York Fire Zouaves, who came on to this city last Wednesday evening, and return to their command by to-morrow afternoon's train. They were introduced by Ex-Lieutenant W. R. W. Chambers, and seemed under the immediate guidance of Corporal Sam Hutton, whose rosy cheeks and plump figure are suggestive that he has been suffering comfort for his country. Of the whole Company twenty-six are now ascertained to be either killed or prisoners; and of the twelve we had the pleasure of seeing last night, no less than four are still suffering from their wounds.
Sam T. Waterhouse, a thoroughly soldier-like Zouave, had his waist in splints and his side in bandages. A. W. Penson had a crippled hand. Harry Holiday had daylight shot through his arm in two places by two musket balls, and Harry Clifford had been severely injured in the groin. The twelve had taken the precaution of bringing with them high private Wm. H. Mills, the soldier-orator of Company E, and famous wherever known as the People's Advocate. It was a delightful visit, and we thank Captain Jack Leverich for suggesting that we would be glad to see them, and thank the men for coming. We were glad to see them—fine, honest, courageous fellows, with a sense of duty, who have come back with honor to the city which sent them forth, and who will return to the seat of war to-morrow evening, refreshed by the consciousness that New York is proud of them.
We are glad to learn from private advices that Col. Farnham is rapidly recovering under the care of the attentive Chief Surgeon of the Washington Infirmary. He is now able to walk about, and will soon be fit for duty. His regiment is to be reorganized, ninety per cent, of its surviving and uncaptured rank and file being eager to return; but in order to get rid more easily of certain undesirable company officers, it will be mustered out of the service first, and then mustered in again, with a new deal in the captaincies and lieutenancies.
By the way, we learn that when some Zouaves belonging to Hose Company No. 41 returned to the city about a week after Bull Run, and sought admission to their hose house, the assistant foreman stopped them at the door and asked them, "Are you home on furlough?" "No," replied the leader, "we got sick of it and took French leave." Then you can't come in here," replied the assistant, blocking the passage. Forty-one won't have any skulkers who leave their companions and the honor of the New York Fire Department in danger behind them. So mote it be all round! All honor to that assistant foreman. (Aug. 10, 1861)
Since the great Bull Run stampede, we hear of regiments of Fire Zouaves springing up all over—in Philadelphia, Boston, and elsewhere; and a battalion to be formed of firemen throughout the State of New York is talked of, with its headquarters at Albany. There is no question but the material is good, as was proved by the bravery of the New York boys in the face of great odds; and if properly-trained under competent U. S. Army officers, o better fighting men can be found anywhere. Let us, however, caution the organizers of these new regiments from falling into some of the errors of the original corps. Commence discipline in its strictest sense, and instruct every man to carry and use his weapon, and conduct himself at all times and under all circumstances, with the air and martial bearing of a true soldier. All silly slang talk, all lounging disposition, all restlessness, should be left off when the uniform goes on. To acquire the dashing abandon, the light foot and quick hand of the true Zouave—in short, to become a model light infantry soldier—requires untiring agility, unflinching courage, inflexible obstinacy.
Nothing can more aptly illustrate the chasseur a pied than a cat; easy, graceful, light, frolicsome, always watchful; startled into action, fierce, vindictive and calculating, assuming to defend only the more readily to spring forward and secure a victory when least looked for.
Our First Regiment of Fire Zouaves were indulged in many instances by their kind-hearted officers, and spoiled and petted to death by outsiders. An error was committed in not commissioning the officers and transmitting rolls to the Adjutant General's office, at Albany, and again in leaving the city without proper orders. After reaching Washington, the men were allowed a license impossible to obtain in any regular army, and much delay was experienced in getting them into proper quarters. The unfortunate death of Ellsworth was a severe drawback to the regiment's thriving existence; the men stood in fear of and at the same time loved the young hero. When he fell, and Farnham and Cregier came in command, the boys felt less restraint; they looked upon the ex-Assistant Engineer with an eye of familiarity, and tried to push their old times' friendship to account. To the credit of every officer, be it said, the strictest possible discipline was maintained in the regiment; but men would and did steal off without leave, and others urged all sorts of excuse to throw off the confinement of camp life, and take a peep at old New York once more. A misunderstanding came up about changing the uniform—no pay was forthcoming—and the rations were not what they should be. At this stage of affair came the order to advance to battle. The men forgot their troubles, and made such sad havoc in the ranks of the enemy that it is not likely they desire to meet another regiment of Fire Zouaves.
Taking advantage of the confusion, many escaped to New York to relate their numerous exploits,—forgetting that, in so doing, they became deserters, and were amenable to the United States Army regulations, which provide for the arrest and punishment of all such persons. Several lieutenants and captains gave the men permission to come to New York, for which they are to blame. Probably some of the men really intended to run away; they thought the regiment was temporarily disorganized and broken up, and now all, or nearly all, intend to return. The arrival in town, however, of several officers has led many to suppose the organization is all scattered and broken up. We understand, however, that it is the intention of the officers still in command to recruit the regiment up to its full strength, fill up all vacancies created by officers resigning, and to allow the absentees time to return.
In case they will not consent to do so, they are to be dealt with as the law directs. We are glad to hear this, and feel assured that with care and determination, the original Fire Zouaves may yet become as noted for strict discipline as they are in actual conflict. Those officers and men who are yet to be found at the post of duty deserve a medal to mark the appreciation in which they are held.
Let the five thousand Fire Zouaves who are now organizing and arming here and elsewhere—especially our own Second Regiment, under command of Fairman--avoid the obstacles which beset the path of their predecessors, and they will triumph, even subduing the fire of rebellion as often as they have conquered the flames that threatened their homes.
his command, which will be remembered as one of the first to respond to the call of the Government, is stationed with its head-quarters at Port Charleston, consisting of four companies under the command of Col. Maidhoff, with one company (K) and two pieces of artillery at Port Summit Point, under the command of Captain Seebuch, and three companies, with a detachment of the First Maryland, at Port Wadesville, under the command of Major Henry Lux. The entire command, though detailed by detachments, is quartered in the midst of Secesh, yet, by the gentlemanly ability of Col. Maidhoff and his officers, every thing is tranquil. The Eleventh has been posted as distant as any militia regiment from our city, and has also proved to be as efficient. By a coarse of stern and courteous action they have allayed that bitter hatred existing in the Valley, and proved to those who are hostile to the Government that New York citizens can be warriors without being fiends. The regiment returns to their homes about the first, when it will be the pride of New York to welcome back her citizen troops. The first campaign of the Eleventh, under Col. Maidhoff, has been as successful as his most ardent admirers could wish. His men and officers have always been ready for duty, and they return with the proud satisfaction that they are no more holiday soldiers. (Aug. 23, 1862)
FIRST FIRE ZOUAVES. (Aug. 24, 1861)
The several companies of this regiment, upon counting up last Monday, showed an aggregate of 31 discharged, 24 killed, 103 wounded, 164 absent and 606 present; total, 928. The number of Fire Zouaves in hospital at Washington, August 17th, was 9; at the two hospitals in Georgetown, 4; at the General Hospital, Alexandria, 7; total, 20. There are still some unaccounted for. The prisoners, uninjured and wounded, at Richmond, number 43, while there are some 17 at Centreville.
By adding these altogether in one grand total, we have 1,008 officers and privates, which was more than the full number going into battle at Bull Run. It is probable some of the wounded and prisoners may be counted twice over, in certain cases.
No new quarters are assigned the command as yet. It is likely that Major Lozier will remain as a field officer. Captains Leverich and Wildey are to be promoted to the staff. More care is to be exercised in taking in officers and men for the future, and a rigid code of discipline is to be inforced.
FURTHER LOSSES AT BULL RUN.
Several members of the Fire Zouaves lost their badges at Bull Run and neighborhood. In order to procure new ones, it is necessary that they should pay for the same, or the Commissioners must do so for them.
We hope if the Fire Zouaves are reorganized and recruited, and go in again, that they will leave their badges either with the Commissioners or the Companies to which they may belong, as the wearing of them caused trouble before, and may do so again. These badges can be of no use outside of New York City.
REORGANIZATION OF THE FIRE ZOUAVES – A LITTLE PLAIN TALK.
Our leaders are all aware, we presume, that the First Regiment of Fire Zouaves assembled at the City Assembly Rooms on Monday morning last; that they were counted up, and found to number some 600; that they again met on Tuesday morning at the same place, and had about 100 less than on the preceding day; and that when they were mustered in the afternoon, for the purpose of proceeding to the Battery, some 200 more were non est. However, they proceeded to the appointed rendezvous, and they are now there, or what is left of them. We took occasion to stroll down to the camp on Wednesday noon, and our observations were anything but satisfactory. There appeared to be no effective discipline. The sentry at the gate was smoking a cigar; the guard next posted on his right was sitting down on a stool; and another one, not a great way off, was enjoying himself with cakes and lemonade.
This is all wrong. When soldiers are on duty, they are supposed to look like such. Smoking, sitting down, and eating and drinking are not in the U. S. tactics, and camps occupied by U. S. soldiers are not so easily entered, at will, by parties who have very little or no business there. If the Fire Zouaves intend to acquire distinction, as a body, they must commence anew, begin at the beginning and persevere unto the end. All swaggering, lounging about, slang talk, is unbecoming and ridiculous in a soldier. It is bad enough to witness men, while in the garb of firemen, indulge in such antics; but when supposed to be a model of trim and upright bearing, moving with exactitude and regularity, and seldom or never speaking, and then only in a respectful and serious manner, the appearance of actions directly opposite is absurd.
We noticed some fine-looking fellows at the camp, just the right build to make strong soldiers; but one glance convinced the most casual observer they had not been "set up" in the position of a soldier. To say that it is impossible to get firemen out of a certain rolling walk and half Syksey gait, is all nonsense. There are lots of firemen in other regiments who make up admirably, even in the hastily constructed uniforms now given out to our troops. Why do not they get a sort of shambling, shuffling, sailor swagger?
Because they have been taught the proper position, and are kept in it by the force of example.
Attention and steadiness are the two grand points on which rests effectual discipline. Without an observance of these points, no true fireman can become a good soldier; but if he once masters them, he is the most capable man who can be uniformed and sent upon a field, most especially when equipped as a light infantry soldier or skirmisher. His quickness of eye and foot, his endurance, nerve and determination, naturally adapt him therefor. Take a body of firemen, in solid column, and lead them up like wooden figures, to stand inactive before entrenched earthworks containing rifled cannon, and they are good for nothing; but sound the charge for them upon the flanks of an enemy, or allow them to manoeuvre themselves into positions, by file or squad or company, and they will do immense mischief.
Our Fire Zouaves must bear in mind many little facts, and not run away, declaring this, that, and the other thing is all wrong, whereas it is as much or more the fault of themselves as that of the Government. When the First Regiment was organized, no muster-rolls of the men were sent up to Albany, and no officers were commissioned. This was a grand mistake. It was impossible to make out proper pay rolls, and as difficult to tell who had been discharged killed, wounded, or taken prisoner, unless some officer or private was by to furnish information. This trouble followed the regiment all along. After getting to Washington, and creating considerable notoriety (in reality damaging the good name arid fame of the regiment), continually asking for passes and furlough, and running to and from New York, refusing to take such uniforms as were at first proffered them, and finally, breaking themselves up, as a regiment,—In all these things, they have acted like everything but soldiers.
It remains to be seen if this regiment shall not come out of all its troubles, better organized and more thoroughly disciplined than it has ever been. There are a few good officers who deserve the positions they occupy, and the number of reliable and true men yet remaining is sufficient to form the nucleus of a substantial regiment. As for the "rounders" and "camp idlers" who have dragged about the organization, the sooner they are put to the "right about," at the point of the bayonet, stripped of their uniforms and equipments, and punished as they richly deserve, the quicker will the regiment revive and thrive. (Aug. 24, 1861)
FIRE ZOUAVES. (Sept. 7, 1861)
We have talked with a good many persons in reference to the condition of the First Zouave Regiment, and what is its future prospect. The general impression is that a regiment of firemen, officered by firemen, cannot succeed. We feel constrained, but most reluctantly, to coincide with this impression. There is either a want of ability in the officers or a want of discipline in the men. The obligatory principle which makes soldiers seems to be lost sight of by many; they do not regard the fact of their enlistment, and are as indifferent to the cause which impels them to be mustered in as if it was a mere chowder party or target excursion. It is all "Hurrah, boys! let's raise a row!" Such men are not fit to be In an army, they are too wild, uncontrollable—in fact, unprincipled. They care for nothing but their food and pay, and when they get clothes, do not know how to take care of the same. Many such men were in the First Fire Zouaves, and some are now in the Second.
We must, however, discriminate in our observations concerning such organizations. While the runaways may pass as unworthy of notice, there are still good men left--such as must make valuable soldiers if taken care of or drilled. The question is, what shall be done with them? Attempt to recruit in Tom, Dick and Harry, who may prove as bad or to be worse in fact than those of whom they have but just rid themselves? Would it not be better to take the good men of both fire regiments and mingle them into one organization, appoint instructed army officers to command them, and at once begin to assume formidable shape? Now either or both are in an ineffective condition, so far as can be ascertained.
There are some few firemen connected with the New York Department who are competent to command a company. Of these not over half-a-dozen have assumed positions in either of the so-called Fire Zouave Regiments. Until those who are really posted up in military knowledge, so far as the school of the soldier and of the company is concerned, consent to take positions as line officers, it is useless to look for discipline. Again, every officer cannot command obedience and enforce a severity in drill. He may possess the knowledge which is requisite, but at the same time may be unable to impart that knowledge to others. It is one thing to know yourself, but quite another to let others know what you know.
In this state of things it is far better and more necessary that officers who were never firemen, or who have been in the army, or who were well instructed in the militia service, should assume command. The material is good, there can be no better for fighting purposes than firemen (throwing out, of course, the bummers, rowdies, and diseased vagabonds who would rush into any organization for the smallest kind of a chance), and we feel satisfied, if picked out and energetically drilled under the proper instructor, they would achieve greater fame than has ever yet fell to one regiment.
The onerous duty of guarding some three hundred prisoners of war, is now keeping the First Fire Zouaves busy. How long they are to be so employed, or whether moved to Scarsdale, can make no possible difference in the condition of the command. If the organization can be kept up, we shall be happy to chronicle its successes; but rather than read of any more unfortunate ruptures in connection with it, we should prefer to see the regiment honorably dismissed as such, and the men transferred into any other corps they might select. The First Fire Zouaves gone from Garrison to Camp.
On Tuesday morning, after a few hours' fun in guarding the miserable, sneak dog prisoners from Hatteras Inlet, the First Fire Zouaves were removed from Bedloe's Island to the Camp of Instruction at Scarsdale, Westchester County. There were nearly three hundred men left the garrison in command of Major Loeser. After embarking at the island on a steamboat, which subsequently landed them at the foot of Twenty-third street, they were marched to the Harlem Railroad Depot and took the cars for their new quarters. (Sept. 7, 1861)
FROM THE ELEVENTH REGIMENT.
We give place to the subjoined letter, and feel gratified at the statements made by Mr. Cameron:
CAMP LYON, HEADQUARTERS ELEVENTH REGIMENT, N. Y. V., Sept. 13, 1861.
EDITORS LEADER: All the outrages claimed to have been perpetrated in this vicinity, of which the papers teem, are committed by scoundrels attached to the other regiments quartered here, who claim to be Fire Zouaves. The Zouaves are now guarding the houses of residents in the vicinity, against expected attack. I can give you proof of this in a day or two. You will serve the regiment by making this statement in THE LEADER. Yours truly, JAS. CAMERON.
FIRST REGIMENT FORE ZOUAVES.
We fear that this regiment has become so thoroughly demoralized that any attempt to reorganize it will prove useless. The fact of a change in the command and the transition from camp to camp has effectually predisposed the members of the regiment against restraint of any character. The good material seems to have lost its influence, and we can only regret that the regiment has become reduced to its present unfortunate condition.
Every effort has been and is making to strengthen and recover its lost laurels, but thus far no visible good effects can be seen in the morale or discipline of the men. We trust, however, that things will mend, and that a last and vigorous effort will be made to reorganize and perfect the regiment to its original number of men. There is an opportunity to retrieve its fame, and we are anxious to gee the First Fire Zouaves once more in the field, fully equipped, disciplined and officered by competent men. Shall it be done. (Sept. 14, 1861)
THE FIRST FIRE ZOUAVES.
This organization has not yet seen the end of its troubles and annoyances. During the week Captain Wildey has been shipping off the good men yet remaining, who were willing to go to Fortress Monroe. There are now upwards of 300 there.
Within the past few days, a letter has been received from Alexandria stating that the flags presented to the regiment were found in a pile of rubbish on the outskirts of that place, and inquiries were made as to what should be done with them. They are to be forwarded to Mayor Wood for safe keeping for the present. It seems there were nine colors given to the regiment; they brought home but two—the Fire Department banner and the Stars and Stripes. These were carried into the field. The others were stored away. Where are those the regiment captured from the Louisiana Zouaves ? Are they in "a pile of rubbish" also? We think, if the truth be known, many an unjust suspicion and evil act has been placed against the Fire Zouaves, and the matter ought to be exposed. (Sept. 28, 1861)
FIRST REGIMENT FIRE ZOUAVES.
We have been favored with the perusal of a letter from Lieut. W. L. Watkins, of the First Zouaves, now in Fortress Monroe. Lieut. Watkins represents the members of the regiment in good health and fast recovering their former discipline and esprit de corps. They are comfortably situated, and in a few days will receive a new uniform, and be provided with an admirable fire-arm recently introduced into the service. Col. Loeser and Major Moriarty are untiring in their efforts to bring the regiment to a thorough proficiency in drill and other military requiements.
In addition, we learn from Captain John Wildey, who has been detailed in the city to forward the members of the regiment who remained in the city, that the prospects of a complete reorganization are very flattering. Colonel Loeser took with him 197 men, and Captain Wildey, since his departure, has forwarded nearly 850 to resume their places in the ranks. Captain Wildey is confident that the regiment, within a few weeks, will muster 800 active men. Captain Wildey is stationed at the Essex House, corner of Grand and Essex streets, where members of the regiment can report to him, with the assurance that they will be treated as though they had gone on with the regiment. (Sept. 28, 1861)
We trust that a vigorous effort will be made to place the First Fire Zouaves on a war footing, and thus give them an opportunity to recover any laurels they may have lost since the Bull Run disaster. Every encouragement should be given to the regiment, and we hope Captain Wildey will be successful in his patriotic efforts.
A. O. ALCOCK (Oct. 12, 1861)
We alluded in a previous number to the necessitous condition of the family of this gentleman, who was taken prisoner at the battle of Bull Run, while nobly attending the wounded and dying of the Fire Zouaves. He followed the fortunes of that regiment with no position but that of expectancy, and amid the faithless of it, he looms out and beyond them all in the fidelity with which he served it. We are now gratified to state that the following gentlemen have consented to act as a committee to receive subscriptions to alleviate the wants of his family: Henry Wilson, President Board Fire Commissioners, Thos. Lawrence and Henry M. Graham.
FROM THE FIRST FIRE ZOUAVES.
Captain John Wildey, of the First Fire Zouaves, informs us that the U. S. Paymaster is in this city, on his way to Fortress Monroe, for the purpose of paying off the First Regiment of Fire Zouaves. They will receive their pay on Friday next; and if any of the regiment desire to go on, they can do so by reporting themselves to Captain Wildey, on or before Wednesday of next week. The regiment is now in fine condition, and was recently complimented by Gen. Wool. We hope all the members of the command will report themselves to Captain Wildey, and thus restore the original prestige of the regiment.
FIRST FIRE ZOUAVES.
The story about twelve of these men being taken prisoners near Fortress Monroe, as detailed in the dailies, is all moonshine. The Secessionists (that is, the Old Dominion Cavalry) surprised some twenty-eight men sent out for fuel. They captured a wagon, four mules, and three (not twelve) Zouaves. If the officer in charge had been good for anything, the Fire Boys would have had the fifteen rebel cavalry and their horses "as snug as a rug." This is the true state of the case. (Oct. 19, 1861)
COLORS OF THE ORIGINAL FIRE ZOUAVES.
The colors presented to the Fire Zouaves, which left New York under command of the lamented Ellsworth, and were subsequently led to the field by his worthy successor, Noah L. Farnham, have been sent on to Fortress Monroe, and are now in the keeping of the remnant of that unfortunate battalion. These colors comprise, we believe, all but those given by the Corporation of New York and the Fire Department. The latter, which were carried into the field at Bull Run, were brought home with the regiment and have remained here, in good keeping, ever since.
In the last issue of THE LEADER a paragraph headed "Can it be True?" and reflecting severely upon Mr. A. O. Alcock, now a prisoner at Columbia, S. C., appeared without our knowledge. The subjoined letter from Mrs. Alcock we present as our apology for the insertion of the paragraph in question. It is not our habit to make charges, either in the absence of parties from the city or without reliable proof of their correctness. The letter of Mrs. Alcock, we trust, will set the matter straight:
TRUTH AGAINST THE WORLD.
To the Editor of the LEADER:
In the fire columns of THE LEADER of Saturday last I find an article which, although it mentioned no name, was intended for the readers of that paper to understand as referring to my husband, Mr. Arthur O. Alcock, and which article accuses him of being disloyal to the Union. Such accusation I declare to be FALSE, as we find nothing in his public or private letters to show that he is anything but what he always has been, true and loyal to the Union. I have a better opportunity to judge of his loyalty than others, and when those who charge him with disloyalty find they have been misled, I have no doubt they will, as gentlemen, give redress for the injury done a fellow-prisoner, and one as loyal to the Union as themselves.
It was neither through carelessness nor accident that Mr. Arthur O. Alcock was taken a prisoner of war, but through his humanity in not deserting the dead and dying brother firemen and soldiers. It was a sad day for his family that he was taken prisoner. Believe us, we would rather, for all that he and us have suffered, for him to be a prisoner of war, and have the knowledge and satisfaction that he did his duty to the last, than to have it said of him, as it is of other men (if we can call them men), that were at the battle of Bull Run, and are at present in New York City.
God grant that Mr. A. O. Alcock may soon return to us, and to defend himself from malicious persons, who would not have penned the article above referred to if he had been in the city!
By giving this a place in the fire columns of THE LEADER, the editor will do justice to an injured man, and oblige his wife. ANNE ALCOCK.
THE FIRE ZOUAVES.
From a letter we have received from the camp of the Fire Zouaves at Newport News, we learn that the remnant of the regiment are still in their tents, with little hopes of again doing service as a regiment. Recruiting for the regiment is next to impossible, for, notwithstanding Governor Morgan is endeavoring to fill up its ranks, they remain at the low number of less than 400. Several of the members of this unfortunate regiment who were taken prisoners at Bull Run, have been returned. Among them Sergeant James Leary, who was badly wounded, and several times reported dead. He looks as if he would again see service, although yet unable to walk without assistance. It has been proposed to have the regiment filled up by companies from other parts of this State, and to that end several of the offices have been left vacant. This course might bring it up to the minimum number of a regiment; but we have but little hope in it. We should well like to see them succeed, but the loss of Col. Farnham was the death of the regiment, and nothing can resuscitate it.
The Second Regiment, by the way, have been more fortunate, and they bid fair to be the first of the New York volunteer regiments, notwithstanding the troubles at their commencement of service.
(Leader, Jan 25, 1862)
THE FIRST FIRE ZOUAVES.
A recruiting party from the Eleventh Regiment, N. Y. V. (First Fire Zouaves) arrived in this city yesterday. The party consists of one commissioned and non-commissioned officer from each company. They come authorized by the War Department to recruit the regiment to its full standard, and to induce those of the original members of the regiment who did not return with them full amnesty for all past offences in the way of alleged desertion, and the payment of back dues. This will relieve many who have been hesitating about rejoining their old regiment, and be an inducement to those who kept away believing their pay forfeited. The money due to them is about $100, which amount will likely call back many to their old regiment. The regiment is stationed at Newport News, and is well situated as to quarters and rations. There are about three hundred of them, and their discipline is pronounced to be superior to any regiment in the service. Col. Loeser has worked energetically for the regiment, clinging to them even when it seemed impossible to resuscitate them, and he now calls upon the members to come back, offering them all in his power. For the sake of the Department and the City of New York, we feel that many of those who left when the regiment looked hopeless will go back. They are now well officered, and, after one or two changes that are to be made, will be much better. Colonel Loeser has changed nearly all his Captains. In fact, but three remain—Capt. Downey, who is a prisoner of war; Capt. Wildey, who has been elected Coroner, but who still holds his position, and Capt. Purtell, who has had a furlough on account of sickness. The other Captains resigned, on or about Oct. 4th, 1861. We have concluded, from an interview with some of the officers of the recruiting party, that as it now stands it is the best regiment that offers for young men to join. The Colonel has the experience and energy to take care of his men, being a West Point man and of superior intelligence. Capt. Mc-Farland, one of the recruiting party, left for Albany yesterday to see the Governor in regard to the regiment. By the first of the week the business of recruiting for the regiment will be commenced in earnest, and we will cheerfully give our aid in so good a cause.
(N. Y. Leader, Feb. 22, 1862)
FIRST FIRE ZOUAVES.
(N. Y. Leader, Mar. 1, 1862)
The recruiting party from this regiment held a meeting on Thursday evening, for the purpose of bringing together the members of the regiment who are in the city, and to adopt some means to recruit the regiment to its full standard. The meeting was held in a hall in Grand street, near Forsyth, and was attended by some three hundred persons, one-half of whom were or had been members of the regiment. Messrs. Owen W. Brennan and Albert J. Delatour of the original committee were present, Mr. Brennan acting as Chairman of the meeting. Gen. Wetmore was also present, and appealed to those present who had belonged to the regiment to return to it. He stated that the recruiting party had come to the city prepared to offer the members who had been left behind their back pay and fall pardon for past offences. He asked them to go back, not that the Government wanted men, but that the whole city felt a just pride in the regiment, and unless it was soon recruited to its full number, it would lose its position. The General appealed strongly to the patriotism of those present, and created quite an impression, both from the well known interest he has taken in the regiment since its organization and the confidence the men felt in his statements.
At the close of the meeting, Sergeants Leary (now Lieutenant) and Fosdick, who have been confined in the hospital at Richmond since the Bull Run fight, were called upon, and gave a reminiscence of their captivity. Both of these men will return to the regiment as soon as their health will permit. Lieut. Leary was, on Washington's Birthday, presented with a regulation sword, sash and belts by his friends.
The recruiting party will open an office at Lafayette Hall, Broadway, to-day, and every day some of the officers will be in attendance to receive new men and to explain to the old members the terms on which they will be received. There is no doubt but that every man who is worth having will now go back with the regiment. Some are not wanted. We allude to the cowardly crew who, fearing that they might be again called upon to fight, created dissension among the members, and left in the trouble for this city. These men had better stay away, as they were worth nothing in the army, and the charge of rations would be wasted. The officers of the regiment are well worthy of notice. With a very few exceptions, they are gentlemen and soldiers, and no man who returns to the regiment will regret it. Col. Loeser is one of the best officers in the service, and has brought the men under his command to a perfection in drill that is not equalled by any in the army. The remnant of the regiment is in good repute with their commanding General, and everything in the way of clothing and rations is furnished liberally.
THE FIRST FIRE ZOUAVES.
The recruiting party sent from this regiment has been quite successful. They have already sent to the regiment enough men to form another company, and the chances are that enough will be sent during the month to fill the regiment. The late changes made in the regiment will promote the welfare of every one attached to it. They now rank among the best drilled of our army, and their good conduct since arriving at Newport News, has brought out the merited encomiums of the general officers. Every man who belonged to the regiment at its organization, should at once go to it, and by his presence lend his aid in bringing it to its full standard of men. There are some who perhaps would be better away from it, yet there are enough good men to fill it up. The changes made in its officers are of the best. They are good soldiers, and what is equally as good, look to the requirements of their men. Every man who formerly belonged to the regiment, is by an order from the War Department placed on the same footing as he was before he left it—back pay and bounty included.
This order was given as an especial favor to the friends of the Fire Zouave Regiment in this city. We are willing to admit the regiment has been badly used, as the men claim and give as a reason for not joining again. But we also know why they were thus treated. From the time they left New York they were in charge of incompetent officers. Not one man, from the colonel down to the lowest officer, had ever been in service. They went away in a hurry and against orders, and were kept in a hurry until they landed in Alexandria. Here they commenced organizing, but the utter incompetency of the line officers—who seemed to think that their whole duty was to look out for themselves, and to array their commands against companies and officers whom they deemed officers—soon rendered the whole regiment more like a bear-garden than a camp of United States soldiers. Some of the officers were apparently on the "make," while others amused themselves by getting drunk and carousing; and had it not been for Colonel Farnham they, and the regiment with them, would have been disgraced before they left Alexandria. The writer of this article was there, and held a captaincy. To save a good company, he was compelled to apply to be detailed on special service, and the success he met with is known to every man in the regiment. His men had everything that rightfully belonged to them, and they acted as welt as men could act.
This could have been the case with every company in the regiment had a majority of the officers acted in harmony, respected themselves and their fellows, and looked more to the wants of their men than to their own pleasures. One of the principal causes of complaint of the men of this regiment was the delay in securing their pay. This can be easily explained.
The department at Washington was as anxious to pay them as they were to receive it. Time after time they sent for the payrolls and muster rolls, but were unable to obtain them, and when at last they were sent in, they were so full of errors that no officer of the Government would risk paying them. One company was correct, but by the advice of Colonel Farnham the captain refused to receive the pay for his company until all were ready, to avoid the trouble and jealousy that would naturally follow from one company being paid before another. Then the writer took charge of the whole business, and prepared the pay rolls of the regiment.
Before they were ready, however, the regiment went into the fight, and after that came the trouble consequent on so general a repulse and loss of good officers. The Colonel was killed—the Lieut.-Colonel sent home sick with fever; and the Major, who was a young man, seemed so thoroughly disgusted and disheartened that he knew not what to do. The captains advised their men to leave, and but one company, that of the writer, performed duty. The curses of the men on their officers will ever be remembered. They had lost all confidence in them, and with the exception of one company were in a state of mutiny. And why this one company? Not that the men were any better. Not that they had any better chance of getting along. For they were looked upon with distrust by nearly all. But simply because they had confidence in their officers, who they saw kept faith with them and who they in return supported in time of trouble. There was not a company in the regiment that would not have acted in the same manner, had they been properly treated. But they were allowed to run wild, and the greatest vagabond was looked upon as the best man. Good conduct was not rewarded, and the consequence was that nearly all became demoralized. This is a very unpleasant subject for us, but it is necessary that those of the men who have enough pride left for themselves and the regiment may understand the difference between how things were and how they are at present.
The regiment is now in comfortable quarters at Newport News, and they number a little over four hundred men. Their Colonel, Charles McK. Leoser, is an able officer and devoted to the work of raising the regiment. He is satisfied that the men were good enough soldiers, and would sooner have them than new men. The officers have nearly all been changed. Every company has a different captain, who is retained on his merits alone (some changes have taken place this week). They have an abundance of clothing and good rations. Their discipline is excellent, and their drill unsurpassed. They are prompt and obedient, and their cleanliness is noted in headquarters.
They look like regular soldiers, and their officers are held responsible for inattention to the wants of their men, or neglect of their own duty.
In fact, it is one of the best managed regiments in the service, and when they are sent forward, as they desire to be, they will do the fighting of a full regiment. Now we appeal to every man who desires to serve his country and preserve the name of the Fire Department to answer the call. While under the command of the present officers, the Department and the people of New York may rest assured that they will not be disgraced, even though there were but half the number of men; yet we should be more than happy to see at least eight hundred men in the next fight. If there are a hundred men in New York City who wish good to the country and honor to the city, we appeal to them to come forward now, and aid in filling our ranks (we are with them again), and all who come will be insured good treatment, and what is equally as pleasing, as much active service as will be permitted. The recruiting office is at Lafayette Hall, Broadway, where will be found at all times an officer to answer, all questions, and the roll of the new company under the command of the old officers of Company E. (N. Y. Leader, Mar. 15, '62)
THE FIRST FIRE ZOUAVES.
The success of this regiment in gaining the respect and good will of the general officers under whom they serve, is a gratification to every fireman of the regiment and the Fire Department. In the recent fight at Newport News they were complimented by General Mansfield for their coolness under fire, and for their assistance in working the batteries. Even on board the "Cumberland," two of the Fire Zouaves, privates Bracken and McManus, who were visiting the ship, fought with the last gun and brought away the fighting colors of the ship after she went down. In every reconnoisance or other duty they have acted with the coolness of brave soldiers, and their conduct has been such that encomiums were bestowed upon them by their generals. There are now in this city one commissioned officer and one sergeant from each company, sent on recruiting service. They are anxious to fill the regiment to its full standard, and call upon the old members of the regiment to come again to their colors. They are authorized by the War Department to restore delinquent members to their former places without trial for desertion, and to guarantee their back pay. To new men they can guarantee good quarters, rations and clothing, and service in a regiment which will come out of the war with as much credit as any regiment in the service.
They are now under officers who appreciate their services and who will attend to their wants. The companies are each under good officers, and are as well taken care of as the men can wish. Col. Leoser is rated as one of the best young officers in the service—an excellent drill officer, a strict disciplinarian, and a brave soldier. The 500 men he has with him can stand the test of drill and general deportment with any in the service, as all who have seen them during the past winter testify. We are anxious to see this regiment again filled, that it may take the field with an equal chance.
The Committee who had charge of the regiment on the start are again at work, and if hard labor will recruit the regiment it will be done. The office of the regiment is at Lafayette Hall, Broadway, where a commissioned officer will always be found to give information to old members or to those wishing to join the regiment. (LEADERR, March 22, 1862)
RETURN OF THE ZOUAVE PRISONERS.
Nearly all of the prisoners of the First Fire Zouaves, captured at Bull Run, have arrived in this city. None of the officers, however, have been returned.
We hoped to have had the pleasure of seeing our old friend Captain Downey come home with the boys, but his stay in the sunny South cannot be much longer protracted. Mr. A. O. Alcock, the correspondent of the Atlas, called upon us yesterday, and appears in good health and spirits. Confinement does not seem to have left many unpleasant traces in his physical condition, and he will ere long publish a journal of his imprisonment. (May 24, 1862)
PAYMENR OF THE FIRST FIRE ZOUAVES.
This regiment is now mustered out of service, and will be paid off on Monday. Two paymasters have been appointed for the work. Major Stuart, U. S. Paymaster, will pay Companies B, D, G, and H, at No. 6 State street, on Monday, commencing with Company B, who are to assemble at 11 o'clock, and the other companies in rotation an hour after the other. Paymaster Teneyck will pay the other companies, and will probably be ready at the same time, although no order has been issued as yet. This last payment closes the career of this ill-managed regiment. No body of men left the city with such flattering opinions and so many friends; but now, after one year's service, they come back almost unnoticed. It is unnecessary for us at this time to speak of the causes of their disbandment, or to charge the troubled in the regiment upon those who have had the command, as they commenced from the day they left the city and continued until they returned, with the single exception of the Colonelcy of. Noah L. Farnham.
The men will all, or nearly all, go at once in other regiments, and will, we know, do credit to themselves and to any regiment to which they may be attached. It has been understood that the late lieutenant-colonel commanding the regiment has had authority to reorganize the Eleventh Regiment. We doubt, however, if he can succeed, although ably fitted to command a regiment. (N. Y. Leader, June 7 '62)
Alluding to our notice of the reception at the Bureau of Military Statistics of the gun with which Jackson killed Ellsworth, the Troy Times says that there has been a general misapprehension, ever since the death of Ellsworth, as to the time when Brownell struck the musket of the murderer. It has been commonly believed that he made no move, until the murderer had executed his purpose thereby implying an unreadiness on Brownell's part in defending his superior officer. The true facts of the case are that while Jackson was raising his musket, Brownell struck it away, and would have prevented any injury to his commander had not the two weapons struck against the bannisters, when Jackson discharged his gun, and suddenly raising its muzzle, fired in the direction of Ellsworth. Lieut. Brownell's promptness would have frustrated the design of the murderer, if others had seized the gun when the Troy soldier so skillfully parried.
NEW YORK AND THE VICINITY.
A curious surgical case occurred on Wednesday, at Mount St. Vincent Hospital. Robert Brown joined the Ellsworth Zouaves upon their first organization, and was by Col. Ellsworth appointed a Sergeant at the first battle of Bull Run. While charging a rebel battery his company was broken up by a body of Union Artillery in rapid manoeuvering, and while rallying his men, Brown was shot in the back of his head. He fell, and when he recovered consciousness, he was groping about in perfect darkness, as he was stone blind. Some rebels found him and asked him what regiment he belonged to. Knowing the intense hatred felt for the Zouaves, he replied that he belonged to the 114th New York. "Why your regiment," was the reply, “crossed the river yesterday afternoon." He had supposed that the battle was still going on, as he was not conscious of the twenty-four hours that had elapsed after his injury, and again overwhelmed with the intelligence he sunk senseless upon the ground. When next he recovered consciousness, it was the third day after the battle, and he was roused by finding persons cutting a belt from around his body and searching his pockets. He was finally taken to Richmond and placed in a hospital, where a large piece was taken out of his skull, but without giving much relief. Supposing that he was going to die, he made known the fact that he was by birth, a Virginian, sent for his father. The latter offered to take him home and nurse him carefully if he would swear allegiance to the Confederate Government. This he refused, and his father, cursing him, left him to die. To punish him as a Union Virginian, he was sent to the Libby prison and kept there for five months. Three times he was set down for exchange, and then it was countermanded.
Finally he was exchanged, but had to go into the hospital at Baltimore. Getting better he rejoined his regiment at Newport News, but was again taken sick and was discharged. Since then he has been under medical treatment, as his head still occasionally gave him trouble, but although his doctors were men of ability, they did not cure him. A few months ago he became connected with the police, and did duty, of course, faithfully, but exposure brought on another attack of illness, and yesterday at St. Vincent Hospital, he submitted to a surgical operation, which resulted in the extraction of a large flattened leaden ball from within the skull, near the spinal cord. He is now doing well.
— Dr. Charles Gray, Surgeon of the Fire Zouaves, served with distinction in the Crimean war and the Sepoy and Chinese rebellions, and was the recipient of six medals and five buckles from the English and French governments. Dr. Gray, although an Englishman, was among the first to espouse the cause of his adopted country, leaving a practice of some five thousand dollars per annum, and attaching himself to the medical staff of the New York Fire Zouaves.
BULL'S RUN.--During one of the charges of the Fire Zouaves upon the Mississippi Rifles, a Fire Zouaves and a Mississippian came in contact, with discharged rifles. Each drew his revolver. "Blaze away, Mississippi; I'll take the last shot," said the Fire Zouave. The Mississippian did blaze away and missed, when the Fire Zouave fired, the shot going through the heart of the Mississippian.
— An escaped prisoner says that the greatest consternation prevailed among the secessionists lest the retreat of our troops was a feint ordered by General Scott, to induce them to advance toward Centerville and thus be cut off; and further, that they fairly believed that the veteran commander was himself at Centerville, and had entrenched that place, which could have been rendered impregnable with a very little labor.
Col. Ellsworth's firemen Zouaves are, for the present, stationed at Fort Hamilton, New York Harbor. (April 23, 1861)
THE ELEVENTH REGIMENT NEW YORK STATE VOLUNTEERS.
Colonel James C. Burke is progressing in the organization of the Eleventh regiment New-York State Volunteers. His headquarters are at Tammany Hall.
— A New York Zouave recently took a horse belonging to a rebel and ever since has been much elated with his capture. A day or two since the owner of the animal presented himself to the Zouave and demanded the horse. "I have taken the oath of allegiance," said he, "and the horse is mine." "You may have taken the oath, answered the New Yorker, "but the horse has not, and I shall keep him till he does!"
THE ELEVENTH REGIMENT.
The armory of the 11th Regiment, at the Eagle drill rooms, corner of Delancy and Chrystie streets, did not present during the forenoon of yesterday a very animated appearance, it being understood at an early hour that it would be impossible for them to depart before to-day. The rooms of several companies were open for recruiting purposes, and quite a number of recruits were received. The following order was promulgated:
HEADQUARTERS ELEVENTH REGIMENT, N. Y. N. G.,
NEW-YORK, Wednesday, June 17, 1863.
REGIMENTAL ORDER, No. 10.—Pursuant to the above General Orders, No. 4, from Division Headquarters, this Regiment will assemble in fatigue uniform, fully armed and equipped, on Thursday, the 18th inst., at 2 o'clock precisely, at the Regimental Armory, to proceed as above directed.
Commandants of Companies will forthwith make requisitions upon the Regimental Quartermaster, Lieut. Lindenstruth, for all necessary supplies of clothing, equipments, ammunition, &c. Issues upon such requisitions will be made without delay.
Regimental Line will be formed in Second avenue, right on Fourth street, at 4 o'clock precisely.
Each officer will be allowed a small valise, which must be marked distinctly and left at the Armory before 1 o'clock.
By order of J. MAIDHOF, Col. 11th Regt.
L. L. LAIDLAW, Adjutant.
COL. JAMES C. BURKE, who was formerly engaged in organizing the 11th Regiment New York Volunteers, and who has the reputation of being a brave fighter, having been indicted by the Grand Jury of New York, under the charge of uttering a forged check for $526.26, with intent to defraud the United States, was arrested there on Tuesday, just as he was starting for this city, and committed until bail could be procured.
— It has been decided that the uniform of Col. Ellsworth's firemen Zouaves should consist of a grey felt hat, skull fatigue cap, red fire shirt, grey jacket, grey flowing pants, Zouave gaiters and blue overcoat. A firm of merchant tailors have contracted to have the requisite number of these uniforms ready by Wednesday night.
AlexAndria, Va., Aug. 12.
The Fire Zouaves struck their tents and left for New York this afternoon, where they will be disbanded, preparatory to the reorganization the regiment.
A prominent resident of White House Point, named Burke, was arrested to day by our pickets, about six miles from Alexandria. He is charged with being a spy and acting as a rebel messenger. He is at present confined in jail waiting orders from Washington.
From the Federal Camps in Virginia.
Alexandria, June 28.
Information has been received from the Zouave camp this morning, announcing the safe arrival of Lieut. Harrison and the Captain of the Zouaves, whose absence last night gave rise to fears for their safety.
Lieut. Sweet's company returned at midnight, without meeting with the secession cavalry.
Private Murphy is still missing.
The affair at Cloud's Mills seems only to have been another attempt of the enemy to harass our pickets, who are at present the only victims of their warfare, and to notify us of their presence. They made two captures, neither of whom was prepared for resistance when pounced upon by about fifteen cavalry from the road side.—Murphy, of the United States Cavalry, was for the moment off of his horse; the other, a Zouave, was engaged picking cherries, without his arms. Another portion of the rebel cavalry, about forty strong, drove in the pickets to within a mile of Cloud's Mills, and then retired without succeeding in making any further captures.
The compliment paid to the Pennsylvania troops, by the Inspector General, yesterday, was to the 14th Regiment, Col. Hartrauft; and not to the 5th, as stated in a previous dispatch.
A private of the South Carolina volunteers was arrested at Camp Tyler, to-day, having tumbled over our pickets, which now extends two miles beyond Falls Church. Information was derived from this source, that there were only 2000 rebel troops at Fairfax Court House.—The prisoner was taken to Washington.
The residents of Falls Church, who are now included within Gen. Tyler's lines, are mostly from the Eastern States--many from Connecticut—and the Federal troops are on very good terms with them.
Since the Cloud's Mills affair, two companies of the Fire Zouaves and a detachment of cavalry, have been sent out to scout. The Zouaves feel very indignant at the frequent loss of their men by surprise and capture.
Col. Farnham, of the Fire Zouaves, is gradually improving. He is to take the position of Lieutenant-Colonel of the People's Ellsworth Regiment.
PAYMENT OF THE FIRE ZOUAVES.
Companies B, C, D, G, and H, of this regiment were yesterday paid by Paymaster Stuart, at No. 6 State street. Those members who have been with the regiment since its organization were paid in full; but those who participated in the retreat from Bull Run and came to this city, as well as those who were some months since formally mustered out of service and have since rejoined other regiments, were offered pay for only the latter term of service. This they refused to accept at present, claiming that they were promised and are entitled to be paid from the date of the original muster-rolls. They claim that the War Department issued such an order, but are unable to produce it. The matter will be referred to the Secretary of War. The total amount to be paid to the regiment is about $45,000.
ADJOURNED MEETING IN AID OF THE "FIRE ZOUAVES.—There was a very slim attendance at Firemen's Hall on Wednesday evening last, and not much money subscribed.
Upon the calling of the roll, the following new subscriptions were announced: Engine Co. 5, $50; Engine Co. 42, $50 additional (making $250 in all); Engine Co. 46, $100. Hose Co. 19, $150. John B. Miller (Hook & Ladder Co. 10), $50. Zophar Mills, $50. Hose Co. 60, reported as having raised seven recruits, and now looking around for more. Board of Fire Commissioners, $100.
The Chairman said he thought the work did not go on fast enough. He should like to hear some one devise a plan by which the recruits could be got quicker.
A proposition was made to raise the bounty of the first hundred men from $35 to $50.
Mr. O'Brien, of Hook & Ladder No. 9, objected to this. He thought the Fire Zouaves were now paying a larger bounty than any other regiment. He would therefore, for the present, let it stand as it is.
Mr. Curtis, of Hook & Ladder No. 4, stated that the Ironsides Regiment was paying $50 bounty. That organization paid this amount to-day.
Mr. Thomas, of Hose No. 19, moved an amendment, that the bounty be made $55. The amendment being accepted by the mover of the original proposition, it was subsequently acted upon, and carried unanimously.
It was next proposed that the fact of the offering of this handsome bonus of $55, as well as the $200 said to be offered by the city, be advertised in the daily papers and 1,000 large posters distributed about town for a like purpose, so as to call general attention to the matter.
Mr. Thomas asked if any fireman who should be drafted on Monday next, could be allowed to receive any benefit from the fund, or if persons were to be allowed to draw the regiment they would go with?
Chief Engineer Decker said he would make his return to General Anthon on Saturday. He thought there were some sixty members enrolled. Capt. Downey had got twenty-nine of his men.
It was stated that General Anthon would count every man now enrolled in the Second Fire Zouaves as belonging originally to the Department.
After some desultory remarks the meeting adjourned to reassemble on Wednesday evening next, 12th instant.
— The first general muster of the original New York Fire Zouaves since they were stationed at the Battery encampment took place on Wednesday morning, in pursuance of an order issued Tuesday by Col. Loeser, for the purpose of going into permanent quarters in New York Harbor. Probably 300 of them assembled.—The order was interpreted in various ways, some believing that New York Harbor meant a well known island on the coast of Florida, and said they "wouldn't be fooled as Billy Wilson's chaps had been". Not more than one hundred went to Bedloe's Island. Those who remained had all sorts of complaints, but declared if the Government would pay them they would enter immediately upon the discharge of their bills. The Poughkeepsie Eagle of the 22d says, the Eleventh N. Y. S. V., composed of a detachment of the First New York Fire Zouaves, under command of Captain Sage, and three or four companies other regiments, the whole command of Major Frazer, comprising hundred men, passed up on Hudson River Railroad last evening on 6:12 P. M. train. This regiment is composed of two years troops, and have been prominent in quelling the recent riots in New York city and Staten Island. It was this regiment that Col. O'Brien was in command of when he was killed by the mob. Captain Sage, of the Fire Zouaves, informed us that had Col. O'Brien remained with his regiment instead of going into the crowd all would have been well.
The same paper says that seven hundred more Mormans will pass up on the Hudson River Railroad to-day, in addition to those of yesterday, making 1500 in this shipment.
On the train which went up yesterday, there was one death and one birth.
A train of one thousand wagons will meet the whole party at Florence, Nebraska, to transport them across the Plains.
ELLSWORTH’S LAST SPEECH.--Col. Ellsworth, on receiving notice of the movement on Alexandria, addressed his Regiment as follows:
Boys, no doubt you felt surprised on hearing my orders to be in readiness at a moment's notice, but I will explain all as far as I am allowed. Yesterday forenoon I understood that a movement was to be made against Alexandria. Of course I was on the qui vive. I went to see Gen. Mansfield, the Commander at Washington, and told him that I would consider it as a personal affront if he would not allow us to have the right of the line, which is our due, as the first volunteer Regiment sworn in for the war. All that I can tell you is to prepare yourselves for a nice little sail, and at the end of it a skirmish. Go to your tents, lie down, and take your rest till 2 o'clock, when the boat will arrive, and we go forward to victory or death. When we reach the place of destination, act as men; do nothing to shame the regiment, show the enemy that you are men as well as solders, and that you will treat them with kindness until they force you to use violence. I want to kill them with kindness. Go to your tents and do as I tell you.
THE NEW YORK ZOUAVES.
THEIR DEPARTURE FROM CASTLE GARDEN AND ENCAMPMENT AT RIKER'S ISLAND.
Yesterday morning, at half-past nine o'clock, witnessed the departure of one of the finest regiments that has been organized in this State under the proclamation of the President of the United States after the evacuation of Fort Sumter. The New York Zouaves were organized on the stimulus of the furore attendant upon the visit of the Chicago Zouaves to the metropolis last summer.
The organization consisted of about forty members, some of whom were members of the Ellsworth command. The drill and equipment were strictly according to Hardee, and in the short space of six months the corps attained a proficiency in the light infantry tactics equalled only by their Western brethren, who were received by our citizens with so much enthusiasm. When the call for volunteers was issued the New York Zouaves offered their services to the State, with the promise that in place of a company it should be a whole regiment. They were accepted, and in one week the requisite number of a regiment—seven hundred and eighty men—were enrolled. On the 4th instant Captain Heyman, of the United States Army, inspected the regiment and mustered them into service.
Immediately after inspection the regiment was assigned quarters at Castle Garden, which they continued to occupy until their departure yesterday morning for Riker's Island. The Commissioners of Emigration, when they assigned their premises to the State, authorities to be occupied as a military rendezvous, reserved a portion of the same for the accommodation of newly arrived emigrants. As only a rope divided the troops from the emigrants, various skirmishes took place between them and the troops, which however were always put a stop to by the interference of the officers. Independent, however, of this annoyance, the accommodations for sleeping were insufficient, and not a little dissatisfaction existed among the men in regard to their limited quarters. In view of these disadvantages, and also the constant presence of friends crowding the embrasures of the Battery, Colonel Hawkins used every endeavor to secure quarters out of the city. Captain Dodge, commanding Bedloe's Island, was applied to allow the rendezvous to be occupied by the regiment, but owing to the force of United States troops stationed there, they could not be accommodated. A like application to the Commandant of Fort Hamilton resulted in a similar manner.
At last Quartermaster Elliot procured Ricker's Island which was accepted by Quartermaster General Arthur, and immediately fitted up with barracks, &c., which were to have been ready for occupancy on Monday last, but were not completed until last evening. At this place the regiment will be kept in the best state of discipline until their active services are needed at the seat of war.
The departure of the regiment having been announced through the HERALD, an immense crowd gathered around the Battery to witness the display on the occasion of their departure; but the spectators were in a measure disappointed, as the regiment mustered inside of Castle Garden and embarked on board the steamtug at the pier of the depot. The order to be ready and in marching order was designated as nine o'clock, which order was strictly adhered to and observed. At ten o'clock precisely the steamtug Young America, having the barge Irene in tow, both of which were occupied by the departing troops, slipped her hawser and left the pier. The drum corps of the regiment beat the salute, and the most deafening cheers went up from the assembled multitude on the outside of the Battery. Those on board the tug and barge were not idle, and returned the parting salute of their friends with double interest.
As the tug rounded to and took her course eastward, the members of the Second regiment, encamped on the Battery, where they were drawn up in line on the water's edge, cheered the Zouaves in a very enthusiastic manner. The drum corps of the Second also saluted the departing troops. Finally, Captain T. P. Mott's efficient howitzer corps, of Col. Tompkins' regiment, thundered forth a deafening salute of eleven rounds, from two twelve pound howitzers. The scenes on the shore were very animating, men cheering, ladies waving their handkerchiefs, vessels dipping their colors and steamboat bells ringing. The Zouaves, in the meantime kept up a continued cheering. This scene of enthusiasm did not cease until the regiment was pretty well up to the East river. Every vessel passing the troops gave some token of applause, either by cheers or dipping of colors.
When above Blackwell's Island the revenue steamer Vixen, coming down the river, was greeted by the troops, which was duly returned by the gallant tars, the officers on both vessels doffing their hats as a mark of respect. The spectacle presented by the Zouaves, mounted on the hurricane deck and formed into groups, was grand, numerous American flags being in their ranks, forming a pleasing contrast to their dark blue uniform.
At twelve o'clock the troops arrived at their destination, when the disembarkation was effected in a very orderly and soldier-like manner, creditable alike to the officers and men.
The accommodations at the new camp ground are of the most complete kind. The barracks are somewhat similar to those in the City Hall Park. Riker's Island, now called Camp Hawkins, in honor of the efficient commandant of the regiment, is situated on the East river, about ten miles from this city. Surrounded by water on all sides, it offers a magnificent site for the purpose it is devoted to. The barracks are built in the shape of a parallelogram, open on one side. The south and north sides are five hundred feet in length by twenty feet wide. The former is fitted up with bunks for the accommodation of the men, while the latter is arrayed for the mess--a long row of tables being stretched the entire length of the room. Adjoining this is the culinary department, superintended by Mr. W. B. Davis, one of the contractors for supplying the regiment with rations. Four French cooks are engaged in the department. At the east end of the general mess room, partitioned off, are the officers' quarters and mess rooms.
A separate building, for the habitation of the field officers, is erected on the south side of the barracks. The ground, admirably adapted for the purpose it is intended for; the only difficulty experienced is that the regimental drills will not be as convenient as those at the Battery, on account of the ground being uneven; otherwise every comfort is experienced, the troops being enabled to indulge in the luxuries of a bath in the salt water.
The bunks for the men are arranged in three tiers; between every tier there is a window for the admission of pure air. The roof is also made perfectly watertight, and no fear need be entertained of being drenched by the rain.
Immediately on arriving at the camp the guard was posted, and the barracks formally taken possession of.
The quarters of each company are separated by partitions, in order to keep the men separate. On the whole, the entire arrangements, planned and laid out by Colonel Hawkins and his ...., Quartermaster Elliott, reflect great credit upon these gentlemen.
The annexed is a complete list of the field, staff and line officers:--
Colonel, Rush C. Hawkins; Lieutenant Colonel, George Betts; Major, Edgar A. Kimball; Adjutant, James W. Evans; Quartermaster, Henry H. Elliott, Jr.; Surgeon, .... George H. Humphrey; Chaplain, Rev. T. W. Conway; Quartermaster's Sergeant, Edward C. Cooper; Drum Major, Charles T. Smith.
Company A.—Captain, Andrew S. Graham; First Lieutenant, C. Childs; Ensign. T. Klingsohr.
Company B.--Captain, Wm. B. Barnett; First Lieutenant, G. A. C. Barnett; Ensign, T. L. Bartholomew.
Company C.—Captain, Otto W. Parisen; First Lieutenant, W. H. Ennis; Ensign, J. D. Mitchell.
Company D.—Captain, Henry Wright; First Lieutenant, J. S. Harrison; Ensign, J. K. Perley.
Company E.--Captain, Adolph Lebalre; First Lieutenant, J. H. Bartlett; Ensign, W. A Bartlett.
Company F.—Captain, Wm. H. Hammell; First Lieutenant, H. C. Perley; Ensign C. W. Prescott.
Company G—Captain, Edward Jardine; First Lieutenant, A. P. Webster; Ensign, T. P. McElrath.
Company H.—Captain, James C. Rodriguez; First Lieutenant, L. Leahy; Ensign, V. F. Lefon.
Company I.—Captain, Henry W. Copcutt; First Lieutenant, J. Burke; Ensign, J. H. Fleming.
Company K.—Captain, Joseph N. Stiner; First Lieutenant, Francis A. Silva; Ensign, G. F. Doughty.
Communication with Camp Hawkins will be kept up daily by the steaming Young America plying between the city and the camp for the accommodation of the contractors. Messrs. Davis , Elijah & Graham, and Mr. James Steele.
RECRUITING IN BROOKLYN FOR CO. C 11th N. Y. S. VOLS., OLD FIRE ZOUAVES.—Capt. James L. Duncan, of 37th N. Y. S. Volunteers, has opened a recruiting office on the corner of Myrtle avenue and Fulton street, and offers superior inducements to the Fire Laddies of this city to fill up the ranks of the Coler Company. All those who desire to enlist in "Co. C," are invited to call at his office and see two of the old boys. Uniform, a la Hawkins.
THE MURDER OF COL. O'BRIEN.
The New York Herald gives the following account of the murder of Col. O'Brien by the mob in New York. The Colonel had just previously suppressed a violent demonstration by ordering the men under his command to fire into the crowd, and it is also said that he fired a pistol himself--the ball from which killed a woman and child. He afterward went into a drug store, and this is what followed:
Col. O'Brien stayed in the drug store for some few minutes; it is thought that he went in to get some refreshments. The crowd were around the door at this time. There was scarcely a word spoken, but the towering glances of one thousand men looked down in their vengeful spirit upon him as he stood in the door. He then drew his sword and with a revolver in the other hand walked out on the sidewalk in the very centre of the crowd. He was immediately surrounded, and one of the men came behind and striking him a heavy blow on the back of the head, staggered him. The crowd them immediately surrounded and beat him in a most shocking manner.
HE IS HUNG UP TO A LAMP POST.
After having been terribly beaten his almost inanimate body was taken up in the strong arms of the crowd and hurried to the first lamp post, where it was strung up by a rope. After a few minutes the body was taken down, he being still alive, and thrown like so much rubbish in the street.
THE BODY IN THE STREET--APPALLING SCENES.
The body lay in the middle of street, with- in a few yards of the corner of Thirty-fourth street. Nature shudders at the appalling scenes which here took place. The body was mutilated such a manner that it was utterly impossible to recognize it. The head was nearly one mass of gore, while the clothes were also saturated with the crimson fluid of life. A crowd of some three hundred persons wounded the prostrate figure. These men looked upon the terrible sight with the greatest coolness, and some even smiled at the gory object. Our reporter walked leisurely among the crowd which surrounded the body, and in company with the rest gazed upon the extended mass of flesh which was once the corpulent form of Colonel H. F. O'Brien. Notwithstanding the fearful process which the soldier had gone through, he was yet breathing with evident strength. The eyes were closed, but there was a very apparent twitching of the eyelids, which were now and then convulsed, as if in the most intense agony.
THE BODY DRAGGED AROUND THE STREET.
After lying for somewhat of an hour in this position several of the crowd took hold of the body by the legs, and dragged it from side to side of the street. The operation was gone through with several times, when the crowd again left the body lying in its original position.
LIFE STILL EXISTING.
Had Col. O'Brien been a man of weak constitution, he would certainly have ceased to exist long before this time. He was, however, thro' life, a man of great natural strength, and this fact probably kept him breathing longer than would any other common person. The crowd remarked this, and watched his every slightest movement with the most intense anxiety. Now and then the head would be raised from the ground, while an application of a foot from one of the crowd would dash the already mangled mass again on the earth. This conduct was carried on for some time , and when our reporter left the body was still lying in the street, the last spark of existence evidently having taken its flight.
Colonel O'Brien, who was so brutally butchered by the New York mob on Tuesday, had but a few hours previously magnanimously spared the lives of the rioters by causing his men to fire blank cartridges instead of balls. Nothing illustrates the cowardly character of the ruffians more powerfully than this. The destruction and pillage of an orphan asylum is another deed which stamps the rioters with undying infamy.
THE MURDER OF COL. O'BRIEN.
From the New York Herald.
COLONEL O'BRIEN AMON THE CROWD.
The action of Colonel O'Brien, as described by several who were within a hearing distance of him during the whole time, is thus described from the commencement of the conflict. He urged on the soldiers to fire into and attack the people in all manner of ways. How true this is cannot be accurately determined with any degree of actual certainty; but the fate which he met with, as will shortly appear, is one of the most horrible that either history tells of, or the present generation ever witnessed.
Colonel O'Brien, as has already been stated, was on horseback, and had the entire command of the military. It was by his orders that they fired, and also by his instrumentality, whether he be right or wrong in the matter, that the heart's blood of many an able youth was stopped in its flowings.
HORRIBLE OCCURRENCE—A WOMAN AND CHILD KILLED.
Probably the most heartrending occurrence which one could imagine took place during this fight. Col. O'Brien held a revolver in his hand, and was riding up and down between either line of the crowd. He, as it is stated, fired his revolver into their midst, the ball killing a woman and child, which she held in her arms. After several rounds had been fired the people began to disperse, and the police proceeded to another part of the city. Col. O'Brien and his command, however, remained. The Colonel dismounted from his horse and walked into a drug store.
THE CROWD ATTACK COL. O'BRIEN.
Had the commander of this military force taken his departure at this time there is little doubt that his life would have been saved. But fatality had destined him for its victim and he was a doomed man. Col. O'Brien stayed in the drug store for some few minutes; it is thought that he went in to get some refreshments. The crowd were around the door at this time. There was scarcely a word spoken, but the towering glances of one thousand men looked down in their vengeful spirit upon him as he stood in the door. He then drew his sword and with a revolver in the other hand walked out on the sidewalk in the very centre of the crowd. He was immediately surrounded, and one of the men came behind and striking him a heavy blow on the back of the head, staggered him. The crowd then immediately surrounded and beat him in a most shocking manner.
HE IS HUNG UP TO A LAMP POST.
After having been terribly beaten his almost inanimate body was taken up in the strong arms of the crowd and hurried to the first lamp post, where it was strung up by a rope. After a few minutes the body was taken down, he being still alive, and thrown like so much rubbish in the street.
THE BODY IN THE STRET - APPALLING SCENES.
The body lay in the middle of the street, within a few yards of the corner of Thirty-fourth street. Nature shudders at the appalling scenes which here took place. The body was mutilated in such a manner that it was utterly impossible to recognize it. The head was nearly one mass of gore, while the clothes were also saturated with the crimson fluid of life. A crowd of some three hundred persons wounded the prostrate figure. These men looked upon the terrible sight with the greatest coolness, and some even smiled at the gory object. Our reporter walked leisurely among the crowd which surrounded the body, and in company with the rest gazed upon the extended mass of flesh which was once the corpulent form of Col. H. F. O'Brien. Notwithstanding the fearful process which the soldier had gone through, he was yet breathing with evident strength. The eyes were closed, but there was a very apparent twitching of the eyelids, which were now and again convulsed, as if in the most intense agony.
THE BODY DRAGGED AROUND THE STREET.
After lying for somewhat of an hour in this position several of the crowd took hold of the body by the legs, and dragged it from side to side of the street. The operation was gone through with several times, when the crowd again left the body lying in its original position.
LIFE STILL EXISTING.
Had Colonel O'Brien been a man of weak constitution, he would certainly have ceased to exist long before this time. He was, however, through life, a man of great natural strength, and this fact probably kept him breathing longer than would any other common person. The crowd remarked this, and watched his every slightest movement with the most intense anxiety. Now and then the head would be raised from the ground, while an application of a foot from one of the crowd would dash the already mangled mass again to the earth. This conduct was carried on for some time, and when our reporter left the body was still laying in the street, the last spark of existence evidently having taken its flight.
THE KILLING OF COL. O'BRIEN.
This scene has before been reported by telegraph, but the New York papers furnish some additional particulars of the fiendish cruelty of the mob to the dying man, as given by the Rev. Mr. Clowry, an Irish Roman Catholic Clergyman, who was a witness from first to last of the scenes of which he speaks, and who, in his capacity of priest, administered the last sacraments of the Church to his dying countryman:
The mob made a rush at him, and in an instant he was knocked down, trampled under foot, and the heartless, cruel mob were upon him. His revolver was taken from him; hid sword was broken into fragments, and every fist that could get within reach, every club that could be brought to bear; every brick or stone that could be thrown with true aim; every heel that could hit the head of the unfortunate man, was put into requisition. In a moment he was beaten insensible, which fact is the only consolation left to his friends, for the cruelties and indignities offered afterwards to his body, had they been endured by a being capable of feeling, would have been too horrible for belief.
Having been struck to the earth, he was seized by a hundred hands and dragged into an alleyway, out of sight of his wife and children, and also almost within sight of his troops, who of course, had no idea of the atrocities being perpetrated on their commander, and there he was beaten and kicked and clubbed for hours. The first blow was struck this officer about 2 p. m.
— he did not die till 8 p. m. All the intervening time he was surrounded by the crowd, who refused to permit any one to render him any assistance, and when a humane druggist went to him and gave him a drink of water, the mob entered his store and gutted it from end to end.
For all these hours this man lay there, watched over by some of the mob, and whenever a groan, or a sigh, or a heavy labored breath would give token of life, there was always a ready foot to kick his bleeding head, or a ready hand to dash his head against the paving stones. And this where his wife and children could almost see him and hear his groans.
At about 6 p. m., or perhaps before, Father Clowry, endeavoring to prevent the deed of violence, entreated permission of the mob to administer to the dying man the Sacrament of Extreme Unction. He argued to them, "The man is already dying; he can never recover; you have done your worst; now pray let me remove his body, and render to him the last offices of our church." The answer was, "You can do your office here, and will protect you in it, but no one shall remove the man from where he lies."
Finding all further remonstrance useless, the Rev. Father gave to the dying man the consolation of the Church as he lay. He remained with him till he died, which was at 8 o'clock. Even then, the mob would not permit him to be removed, but threatened with vengeance any one who should approach the bleeding body.
At about 9 o'clock p. m. a new riot in another direction attracted the attention of the crowd, and, taking advantage of the lull in the excitement, Fathers Clowry and McNulty obtained possession of the body, procured a cart from the street, placed the corpse upon it, and with the help of some bystanders conveyed it to the Dead House of Bellevue Hospital.
The Murder of Col. O'Brien.
The N. Y. Herald gives the following account of the murder of Col. O'Brien by the mob in New York:
The action of Col. O'Brien, as described by several who were within hearing distance of him the whole time, is thus described from the commencement of the conflict. He urged on the soldiers to fire into and attack the people in all manner of ways. How true this is cannot be accurately determined with any degree of actual certainty; but the fate which he met with, as will shortly appear, is probably one of the most horrible that either history tells of or the present generation ever witnessed.
Col. O'Brien, as has already been stated, was on horseback and had the entire command of the military. It was by his orders that they fired, and also by his instrumentality, whether he be right or wrong in the matter, that the heart's blood of many a youth was stopped in its flowings.
Probably the most heartrending occurrence which one could image took place during his fight. Col. O'Brien held a revolver in his hand, and was riding up and down between either line of the crowd. He, as it is stated, fired his revolver into their midst, the ball killing a woman and child, which she held in her arms. After several rounds had been fired the people began to disperse, and the police proceeded to another part of the city. Col. O'Brien and his command, however, remained. The Colonel dismounted from his horse and walked into a drug store.
Had the commander of this military force taken his departure at this time there is little doubt but that his life would have been saved. But fatality had destined him for its victim and he was a doomed man. Col. O'Brien stayed in the drug store for some few minutes; it is thought that be went in to get some refreshments. The crowd were around the door at this time. There was scarcely a word spoken, but the lowering glances of one thousand men looked down in their vengeful spirit upon him as he stood in the door. He then drew his sword and with a revolver in the other hand walked out on the sidewalk in the very centre of the crowd. He was immediately surrounded, and one of the men came behind and striking him a heavy blow on the back of the head, staggered him. The crowd then immediately surrounded and beat him in a most shocking manner.
After having been terribly beaten his almost inanimate body was taken up in the strong arms of the crowd and hurried to the first lamp post, where it was strung up by a rope. After a few minutes the body was taken down, he being still alive, and thrown like so much rubbish in the street.
The body lay in the middle of the street within a few yards of the corner of Thirty-Fourth street. Nature shudders at the appalling scenes which here took place. The body was mutilated in such manner that it was utterly impossible to recognize it. The head was nearly one mass of gore, while the clothes were also saturated with the crimson fluid of life. A crowd of some three hundred persons surrounded the prostrate figure. These men looked upon the terrible sight with the greatest coolness, and some even smiled at the gory object. Our reporter walked leisurely among the crowd which surrounded the body, and in company with the rest gazed upon the extended mass of flesh which was once the corpulent form of Col. H. F. O'Brien. Notwithstanding the fearful process which the soldier had gone through, he was yet breathing with evident strength. The eyes were closed, but there was a very apparent twitching of the eyelids, while the lips were now and again convulsed, as if in the most intense agony.
After lying for somewhat more than an hour in this position several of the crowd took hold of the body by the legs and dragged it from side to side of the street. This operation was gone through with several times when the crowd again left the body lying in its original position.
Had Col. O'Brien been a man of weak constitution he would certainly have ceased to exist long before this time. He was, however, through life, a man of great natural strength, and this fact probably kept him breathing longer then would any common person. The crowd remarked this, and watched his every slightest movement with the most intense anxiety. Now and then the head would be raised from the ground, while an application of a foot from one of the crowd would dash the already mangled mass again to the earth. This conduct was carried on for some time, and when our reporter left the body was still lying in the street, the last spark of existence evidently having taken flight.
It is stated by the police and other authorities, that during the troubles of yesterday and Monday, over two hundred people must have been among the killed and wounded.-- One hundred and fifty negroes are known to have been either killed or so badly wounded that their recovery is doubtful. The other sufferers are either the white people engaged in resisting: the draft, or the police and military, many of whom have been killed or wounded. It is utterly impossible to obtain anything like a true list of the casualties during the frightful confusion which at present exists.
The Poughkeepsie Eagle of the 22d says, the Eleventh N. Y. S. V., composed of a detachment of the First New York Fire Zouaves, under command of Captain Sage, and three or four companies of other regiments, the whole under command of Major Frazer, comprising four hundred men, passed up on the Hudson River Railroad last evening on the 6:12 P. M. train. This regiment is composed of two years troops, and have been prominent in quelling the recent riots in New York city and Staten island. It was this regiment that Col. O'Brien was in command of when he was killed by the mob. Captain Sage, of the Fire Zouaves, informed us that had Col. O'Brien remained with his regiment instead of going into the crowd all would have been well.
The same paper says that seven hundred more Mormons will pass up on the Hudson River Railroad to-day, in addition to those of yesterday, making 1500 in this shipment.
On the train which went up yesterday there was one death and one birth.
A train of one thousand wagons will meet the whole party at Florence, Nebraska, to transport them across the Plains.
MILITARY. — The Eleventh N. Y. S. Y., composed of a detachment of the First New York Fire Zouaves, under command of Captain Sage, and three or four companies of other regiments, the whole under command of Major Fraser, comprising four hundred men, passed up on the Hudson River Railroad last evening on the 6:12 P. M. train. This regiment is composed of two years troops and have been prominent in quelling the recent riots in New York city and Staten Island. It was this regiment that Colonel O'Brien was in command of when he was killed by the mob. Captain Sage, of the Fire Zouaves, informed us that had Colonel O'Brien remained with his regiment instead of going into the crowd all would have been well.
PERSONAL.—Major James H. Hinman, of the 11th regiment, N. Y. V., was in town yesterday, looking the very picture of health and vigor. Major Hinman was formerly attached to the 16th N. Y. V., a two years regiment, the term of service of which expired recently. He has just returned from New Orleans, where the 75th was stationed, and is now on his way to join the 111th in the army of the Potomac.—[Syracuse Standard.
THE ORIGINAL ZOUAVES.
[From the Chicago Post.]
The following is a list of the members of Col. Ellsworth's original Zouaves who have received commissions in the volunteer service since the commencement of the present civil war:
Elmer E. Ellsworth, Colonel New York Fire Zouaves.
____ McChesney, Colonel Brooklyn Zouaves.
J. B. Taylor, Colonel Eleventh Massachusetts regiment.
Joseph R. Scott, Lieutenant Colonel Nineteenth Illinois regiment.
E. Frank Yates, Lieutenant Colonel Eleventh Massachusetts regiment.
D. W. Lafflin, Lieutenant Colonel ____ New York regiment.
Charles De Villiers, Lieutenant Colonel Cleveland, Ohio, regiment.
Chauncey Miller, Adjutant Nineteenth Illinois regimet.
Robert W. Wetherell, Quartermaster Nineteenth Illiuois regiment.
R. E. Haverty, Assistant Quartermaster Nineteenth Illinois regiment.
J. R. Hayden, Captain in the Nineteenth Illinois.
J. V. Guthrie, Captain in the Nineteenth Illinois.
J. H. Clybourne, Captain in the Nineteenth Illinois.
B. Frank Rogers, Captain in a Massachusetts regiment.
____ Fullwood, Captain in Pittsburg Zouaves.
Robert Inness, First Lieutenant Nineteenth Illinois.
Clifton Wharton, First Lieutenant Nineteenth Illinois.
P. N. Guthrie, First Lieutenant Nineteenth Illinois.
Freeman Connor, First Lieutenant New York Fire Zouaves.
S. W. Stryker, First Lieutenant New York Fire Zouaves.
James Dewill, First Lieutenant New York Fire Zouaves.
L. S. Larrabee, First Lieutenant New York Fire Zouaves.
____ Coates, First Lieutenant New York Fire Zouaves.
George Fergus, First Lieutenant New York Fire Zouaves.
E. B. Roy, First Lieutenant New York Fire Zouaves.
G. A. Bussee, First Lieutenant Hecker regiment.
Louis James, First Lieutenant United States Army.
John Long, Second Lieutenant Nineteenth Illinois.
C. H. Shepley, Second Lieutenant Nineteenth Illinois.
Robert Ross, Second Lieutenant Fifth Wisconsin.
P-One of the original Zouaves, C. Suttendyf, holds a second lieutenancy in the New Orleans Zouaves, being the only ....
DEPARTURE OF THE FIREMEN ZOUAVES.
Colonel Ellsworth's regiment off for the War.
Colonel Ellsworth's regiment of Firemen Zouaves, which was to have left the city yesterday, started from their headquarters in Canal street, near Broadway, at a quarter to three o'clock this afternoon.
The officers of the regiment are as follows: Colonel, E. Emer Ellsworth; Lieutenant Colonel, Noah L Farnham; Major, John A. Creiger.
Companies and captains: A, John Coyle; B, Edward Burns; C, Michael C. Murphy; D, John Downing; E, John B. Leverick; F, William H. Burns; G, Michael A. Tagen; H, William Hackett; I, John Wildey; J, Andrew D. Purtell.
The time appointed for forming was 11 o'clock, and a great crowd above and below the headquarters, composed on considerable part of ladies, attested the interest which was felt in their departure. Hundreds of women were present who desired to see and speak with their husbands, brothers, or cousins, previous to their departure, but their great number compelled the police to refuse permission to pass to or near the quarters of the regiment.
The headquarters, previous to the departure, presented a scene of extraordinary activity and excitement. The men were marched by companies into the basement of the building to receive their arms. The lively enthusiasm of the great majority, and the uniform cheerfulness and gentlemanly behavior of the whole, were especially worthy of remark.
Their arms will consist of Sharp's rifles and knives--a sort of bowie knife about sixteen inches long, sometimes called an "Arkansas toothpick," which fit the rifles and may be used as bayonets--and revolvers. The two latter arms will be furnished them on the steamer.
Two stands of colors were presented to the regiment--one by Mr. W. H. Wickham, on behalf of the New York Fire Department—and the other; by Mrs. John Jacob Astor, Jr., accompanied by a letter.
The following are General Dix's remarks and Mrs. Astor's letter:
REMARKS OF GENERAL DIX.
Colonel Ellsworth: I have been requested by the donor of the colors about to be presented to you to read to you her letter of presentation. I have accepted the service with the greatest of pleasure; and I regard it as an honor second only to that of commanding such a regiment as I see before me, and of marshalling it under a flag presented by so graceful and patriotic a donor.
MRS. ASTOR'S LETTER.
Colonel Ellsworth—Sir: I have the honor of presenting the accompanying colors to the First Regiment New York Zouaves. In delivering the ensign of our nation into the charge of the brave men under your command, I am happy in the confidence that I entrust it to men whose heads are moved by a generous patriotism to defend it, and whose hearts feel now more deeply than they have ever done that the honor of their country's flag is sacred and precious to them as their own.
Accustomed as we are to think of them in the discharge of their ordinary duties with grateful sympathy and a well-founded pride, these feelings grow stronger the solemn moment when they are going from us to engage in a new and still more perillous service. I pray, sir, that Heaven's gracious protection may be over you and over these, to preserve and bring you back in safety to those whose hearts will follow you each day with prayer, and with a hopeful expectation of being gladdened through your success. Believe me yours,
With much respect and true, regard,
THE FIRE ZOUAVES ORDERED TO FORTRESS MONROE.
Special order No. 396. General Headquarters, State of New York,
Adjutant General's Office, Albany, Sept. 17, 1861.
The Eleventh regiment New York State Volunteers, known as the Fire Zouaves, Colonel Lozier commanding, will proceed forthwith to Fortress Monroe, and report for duty to Major General Wool.
Colonel Lozier will make requisition on Colonel D. D. Tomkins for transportation, and on Major D. B. Eaton for subsistence for the route.
Brigadier General Yates is charges with the execution of this order.
THE DEATH OF COL. ELLSWORTH.
Full Particulars of the Assassination by an Eye-Witness—The Zouaves Swear that they will be Revenged—Singular Coincidences.
From Our Special Correspondent.
Washington, Friday, May 26. (1861)
I had become utterly tired of inaction, and was about returning to New-York, when, on Thursday afternoon, Col. ELLSWORTH sent for me and expressed a wish that I should remain in camp, as his regiment had been placed under marching orders, and he was confident that the Government would pursue aggressive measures within a few hours. Of course I postponed my journey, and on repairing to the encampment found every indication of immediate action. Vast quantities of ammunition, rifle cases, cartridge boxes, belts, bands, and all things else making up a soldier's equipment, had just been landed from a steamboat, and were piled up near the Colonel's tent. Squads of men were employed in unpacking and distributing these articles, under the supervision of the Colonel, who, notwithstanding all the bustle and confusion, did not allow the slightest detail to escape his oversight—his mind grasped the whole minutiae, and he infused his activity and spirit into his men, who worked with a will.
By 6 o'clock every preparation for marching had been completed, and the regiment awaited orders from head-quarters, the men meantime employing themselves in writing letters by the moonlight. The picturesque effect of this scene can hardly be described.
About 9 o'clock the Colonel received a dispatch, from Gen. Mansfield, commander of the forces in the district, informing him that his command would march at 2 A. M., on boats which would be furnished by Capt. Dahlgren, commander of the navy yard, and proceed to Alexandria, where they must land after daybreak, simultaneously with the entrance of the First Michigan Regiment, who were to enter the city by way of Long Bridge.
The orders also stated that if an attack should be precipitated by the rebels on the Michigan Regiment, the Zouaves must land directly at Alexandria, march through the town, and attack the enemy in the rear. The orders left much to the discretion of Col. E., who appreciated the compliment, coming as it did from head-quarters.
The steamers Mt. Vernon, Baltimore and James Guy were selected to carry us to the rebellious city. These vessels lay anchored in the stream, and we embarked partly by barges and by means of a bridge of boats. At 2 o'clock A. M., while the moon was shining its brightest, and so light that you could see to read, and the Potomac as placid as a mill-pond, smooth as glass, the embarkation took place. Not a whisper was heard, everything was conducted with the utmost order. A distinguished Surgeon of the army, who had been through the Crimean and Sepoy wars, and who was present, remarked that it was the finest embarkation he had ever seen. Half an hour's steaming, with a long trail of launches and barges, brought the steamers opposite Alexandria, which, in the morning twilight, was invested with an unnatural quite. It was found that all our men (900 in number) could be accommodated on the Mt. Vernon and Baltimore; but the James Guy accompanied us, nevertheless, and was used to convey orders from one steamer to the other.
As we neared the town, a line of secession sentinels could be observed, stretched as far as our eyes could reach; dressed in blue overcoats, they could be easily distinguished in the morning light, but as we approached the shore they discharged their pieces in the air, and ran helter-skelter up the hill, to join the main body of the rebel army. Just as we neared the dock, a small boat filled with secessionists, shot in ahead of us. They said they had just returned from the Pawnee under a flag of truce, having obtained from Commodore Rowan, of the Pawnee, an hour's grace, in which to remove the women and children, previous to the occupation of the city by the Federal forces. Notwithstanding this, to us, inexplicable move on the part of Commodore Rowan, Col. E. decided to disembark his men, and this part of the work was done as orderly as the embarkation, and in an exceedingly short space of time. The regiment proceeded to disembark by companies Company E having the honor to be the first one ashore, Company A following immediately after them. Col. Ellsworth, being at the head of his men. I landed with Company A, and immediately ran forward and offered my services to Col. Ells- worth as his aid, which were accepted. I was sent to find the Adjutant and he was ordered to form the regiment into line, which he accomplished. Capt. Leverich, with his company (E), was dispatched to the depot, to tear up the tracks, leading south, which was done as only Zouaves could do it. Col. Ellsworth then started post haste for the telegraph, to stop the communication with Richmond by that way. I volunteered to accompany him, and off we started, accompanied by our Chaplain, G. W. Dodge, in uniform, and E. H. House, of the Tribune, (who acted in a noble manner, as I shall show presently.) Col. Ellsworth then called for a file of men from Company A, to follow him in double quick time, and the whole party started up the street toward the telegraph office. On our way, we had occasion to pass the Marshall House, kept by one J. W. Jackson, who had flaunted out a secession flag upon our arrival in town. Col. E. spied this, and remarked to me that he must have that flag. We entered the hotel; in the front room we found one white man, (the proprietor,) and a negro. Col. E. asked him who raised that flag. He replied that he was one of the borders, and did not know. He then went up stairs, and reaching the skylight, Col. E. ascended the ladder, myself after him. Handing me his revolver, I handed him my knife, with which he cut the halliards, and hauled the flag down. We now proceeded to descend, private Francis E. Brownell being first, Col. E. next, House next, with his hands on Ellsworth's shoulder, myself being last. As we rounded a turn in the hall to go down stairs, the proprietor, (the pretended boarder) stood at the foot of the stairs, with a double-barreled gun in his hands and aimed at our party, and more particularly at the one in advance. Brownell threw up his piece to ward off the gun which Jackson aimed at him. Jackson, however, discharged his piece, the contents lodging in the heart of the Colonel, who fell forward on his face, his life's blood perfectly saturating the secession flag, which the Colonel was carelessly rolling up as he descended the stairs. Quick as lightning Brownell discharged his piece, killing Jackson immediately, hitting him between the eyes and finished the job by thrusting his sword bayonet into his breast. The sudden shock only for an instant paralyzed us; recovering, we turned the Colonel on his back, washed his face with water, and endeavored to revive him, but to no effect. I immediately stationed guards about the house, forbidding any one to leave it, threatening myself to shoot the first man of the rebels that dared to move.
Our perilous situation can easily be imagined; there we were separated from our company and regiment, only seven of us in the heart of a hostile town, surrounded by we did not know whom. At this critical juncture Mr. House, snatching up the pistol of the Colonel, for he was unarmed, rushed to the telegraph office and so deranged the working of the wires that they will be of no use to the rebels in this emergency. This was an act of bravery on the part of Mr. House, which is deserving of mention, as to derange the telegraph was an important part of the business. The balance of Company A, wondering at our long absence, had started to look for us, and came to our rescue just in the nick of time. The Surgeon, Dr. Gray, was then sent for, but he could be of no use, as the spirit of the brave and beloved Colonel had taken its flight, never more to be disturbed by traitors and murderers.
Having occasion to pass through the streets of the city with the Adjutant of the Michigan Regiment, I discovered that all the rebels had not yet left the city, as I was hissed frequently by the inhabitants, and made to feel that I was in a perilous situation.
We endeavored to keep the melancholy death of our leader from the ears of his men, who had learned to love him as dearly as their rough natures could. Those, however, who heard of his fate, vowed to avenge his murder. How harrowing was the scene! Strong men came and looked upon the pallid features of him whom they had seen a moment before full of health and vigor, and as they gazed a convulsive sob and unbidden tear told how sincerely the gallant spirit that had so lately tenanted that mortal frame was mourned.
Preparations were at once made under direction of Surgeon Gray for the removal of the body to Washington. It was neatly inclosed in blankets and then placed on a litter, borne by four of his men, supported upon muskets, and so was transported to the boat, followed by a guard for its protection.
Col. Ellsworth, in making his toilet before starting on the expedition had decorated his breast with several military medals, and also
..... honorary member of No. 14, Engine Company. While pinning this to his coat, a bystander had jestingly remarked that it would turn off a ball, and possibly be the means of saving his life. The Colonel laughingly assented to the remark, and it is a singular circumstance that a portion of the charge which killed him struck upon the badge, leaving scarcely a perceptible indentation, and still another portion smashed a large-sized button upon his coat, and shot away one of his decorations—a splendid Maltese cross—presented by the Quartermaster of the Independence Guard, Baltimore, in 1860, when the Chicago Zouaves were the guests of that corps. H. J. W.
HOW COL. ELLSWORTH'S DEATH IS NOTICED.
CANANDAIGUA, N. Y., Saturday, May 25.
The flags are at half mast, and the bell tolling, expressive of the general regret of our citizens at the death of the gallant Col. Ellsworth.
Philadelphia, Saturday, May 25.
The news of Col. Ellsworth's assassination occasions the most intense feeling here. The flags are all at half-mast, and a public meeting of young men has been called to give expressions to their sentiment in regard to the lamentable occurrence.
Boston, Saturday, May 25.
In Boston, Portland, Concord and many towns throughout New England, flags have been at half-mast as a testimony of public mourning for Col. Ellsworth.
OBSEQUIES OF COL. ELLSWORTH.
PROGRAMME OF ARRANGEMENTS.
The remains will arrive by an early train from Philadelphia on Sunday morning. Gen. Hall will detail a military escort. The Chief-Engineer of the Fire Department will direct an escort of firemen, which, together with the Fund Committee of the Firemen's Zouave Regiment, will receive the body at the railroad depot in Jersey City. They will then proceed to the Astor House, where the remains will be given into the charge of the family of deceased, who will hold them till 10 o'clock A. M. There will be a private funeral service during the interval.
At 10 o'clock the Joint Committee of the Common Council and the Fund Committee will take charge of the body and proceed with it to the Governor's Room at the City Hall, where the citizens will have an opportunity of viewing it from 11 o'clock A. M. to 1 o'clock P. M.
ORDER OF PROCESSION
Military, under command of Brig.-Gen. Hall.
New York Fire Department.
Hon. Hamilton Fish, Union Defence Com.
John Jacob Astor, Jr., “
Theodore Dehan “
Gen. Prosper W. Wetmore, “
Col. Edward Hincken. Col. F. A. Townsend.
Col. William H. Allen. Col. Asboth.
Robt. T. Haws, Comptroller of the City of New-York.
Wm. H. Wickham, President of the Fire Department.
Henry A. Burr, President of the Board of Trustees.
John Decker, Chief-Engineer of the Fire Department.
Wm. M. Tweed, Commissioner of the Fire Department.
George F. Nesbitt, Zouave Firemen Committee.
Zophar Mills, “
James Kelly, “
Family of deceased, in carriages.
Gen. John A. Dix and Officers of the First Division of Volunteers.
Zouave Firemen's Committee.
Union Defence Committee.
Mayors of New-York and adjacent cities.
Heads of Departments.
Members of the Bar.
Home Guard of the Eighth Regiment, Washington Grays.
The Union Defence Committee meet in the Mayor's Office.
Officers of Gen. Dix's Division meet in the room of the Board of Councilmen.
The Home Guards, Eighth Regiment, form on Warren street, the right on Broadway.
LINE OF MARCH.
The line of march will be up Chatham street, Bowery down Fourth avenue to Fourteenth-down Fourteenth street to Broadway to Cortlandt street, down Cortlandt street, to the “General Francis Skiddy”.
Acting Major-General Hall will act as Grand Marshall.
A. J. DELATOUR.
Chairman Committee pro tem, Geo. F. Nesbitt, Secretary.
MILITARY ORDERS. General Orders No. 4.
Head Quarters, New York, May 25, 1861.
The Major-General Commanding, with feelings of heartfelt sorrow, announces to his Division the death of Col. Elmer C. Ellsworth, of the Eleventh Regiment N. Y. Volunteers, the Firemen's Zouaves. Three weeks ago, strong in health and in hope, he led his command through our streets to the place of embarkation, followed by five thousand of the gallant and self-sacrificing firemen of the City to greet the departure of their associates with their good wishes and prayers. To-morrow his lifeless remains will be borne through the same streets, followed by a hundred thousand of his sorrowing countrymen and friends. Had he met his fate in battle, in the face of honorable adversaries, no feeling of bitterness would mingle with the tears which will be shed for him. But it has pleased God, for purposes inscrutable to us that he should be the victim of a double perfidy; that he should be struck down by the hand of an assassin and a conspirator against the Government of his country —illustrating the painful truth that the career of secession, which began in public treachery, is to be carried out in a spirit of bloodthirstiness and private revenge.
In the absence of the greater portion of the regiments of the Division, which have gone to the theatre of war to bear their part in upholding the authority of the Government, Brig.-Gen. William Hall, in conjuction with the Firemen of the City, takes charge of the funeral ceremonies; and the remaining regiments of the Division in this City and its vicinity will, under his direction, take the places that may be assigned to them.
The officers of the Division will wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days in memory of their youthful and gallant campanion in arms, who in the last act of his life signalized the fearlessness and generosity of his character by courting danger himself instead of casting it on his subordinates.
This order will be read to the several regiments of the Division.
By order, Major-General Dix.
L. B. Holabird, Division Inspector.
MEETING OF THE BOARD OF ENGINEERS AND FOREMEN.
A special meeting of the Board of Engineers and Foremen of the New-York Fire Department, for the purpose of taking suitable action in reference to the death of Col. Ellsworth, was held, last evening, at Firemen's Hall, Mercer-street, Engineer Baulch presiding. It was decided that each company should appoint one delegate, to be at the Astor House at 5 o'clock this morning, and escort the remains of Col. Ellsworth to the City Hall. At 1 o'clock, the Fire Department will form in procession on Broadway, with the right resting on Murray street. The large banner belonging to the Department will be in charge of Hose Co. No. 42. The following resolutions were unanimously adopted:
Whereas, The calamity that has befallen the regiment recruited from the New-York Fire Department, in the untimely death of their commanding officer, Col. E. E. Ellsworth, demand from this body a hearty expression of sorrow at the loss that the community as well as the volunteer service have sustained, and,
Whereas, A public expression of regret from this Board is eminently just, feeling as we do that the decease of Col. Ellsworth is no ordinary calamity, therefore;
Resolved, That this Board feel deeply their inability properly to express their deep feeling of sorrow at the untimely end of Col. E. E. Ellsworth. His abili- ties as an officer promised for the regiment under his command distinction in the field. The affectionate regard for him by his men, promised that unanimity of feeling and action so essential for success, and that at the opening of his career as a soldier of our country to be suddenly removed from the sphere of his usefulness in connection with the unfortunate circumstances attending his decease, compel us to reluctantly acknowledge our inability to express in befitting language our sorrow at the loss sustained by our associates in arms.
Resolved, That to those who, by the decease of Col. Ellsworth, are called upon to mourn the loss of an affectionate son, an esteemed friend, and a beloved commander, we tender our heartfelt sympathies in their bereavement - consolation is beyond our ability to offer. May the knowledge of the fact that his life was sacrificed on the altar of our common country, and in defence of her laws, assuage the grief of those who now mourn his untimely end. To his parents, his friends and his regiment we tender our earnest wishes, that the knowledge that he died at the post of duty, may be some little amelioration of their sorrow in this the hour of their affliction.
P-Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be forwarded to the family of Col. Ellsworth, and to the regiment of Fire Zouaves, and entered in full on the minutes.
DELEGATION OF ALBANY FIREMEN.
Albany, Saturday, May 25.
A Delegation of three from each Fire Company here left on the New World to-night to receive and escort the remains of Col. Ellsworth to this city.
THE SUCCESSOR OF COL. ELLSWORTH.
The name of Lieut.-Col. Farnham, who succeeds the late Col. Ellsworth in the command of the Fire men's Brigade, had been erroneously confounded in some of the City papers with that of Capt. Farnham, formerly in the Mexican was. Col. Noah L. Farnham, who now commands the regiment, is a merchant doing business on Broadway. He is son of Geo. W. Farnham, of this City, and has long been identified with the Fire Department, having several times elected Assistant Engineer. He is personally known to almost every member of the Department, and is universally popular. He was for some time a member of the Seventh Regiment, has a thorough knowledge of military tactics, and is possessed of every requisite foe a good and efficient officer. Like his predecessor, Col. Ellsworth, he is somewhat diminutive in stature, from which fact he has long borne the soubriquet among the foremen of "Pony Farnham." In lamenting the sad loss sustained by the regiment in the fall of Col. Ellsworth, it is some consolation to know that it will continue to be commanded by one every way worthy to be his successor.
ANOTHER ZOUAVE DEAD.
Chief Engineer Decker received a telegram last night from Alexandria, stating that John Butterworth, of No. 11 Engine, had been shot dead by a sentry -- he having refused to give the countersign when approaching the lines. The sentry of course, only did his duty. His body will reach this City this morning with Col. Ellsworth's, and will be suitably received and disposed of by the Fire Department.
HAVELOCKS FOR THE FIRST REGIMENT, FIRE ZOUAVES.
The above regiment, it seems, have, since their arrival at the seat of war, been suffering for the want of havelocks. Colonel Farnham has written to several of his friends in this city to try and if possible secure the aid of the ladies in their behalf. We are happy to state that there is an effort being made to procure the article; but it will cost about $300 for the required number. The Ladies Army Aid Society, Astor Library, intend furnishing them; and they will be immediately forwarded to Washington. All money sent to the above society, with names of donors for the Firemen Zouaves, will be duly acknowledged and the thanks of the regiment returned.
Personal--Lieut. Frank E. Brownell, the avenger of Col. Ellsworth, who has been spending the Summer with Mr. Brownell, in Ellery, Cattaraugus Co., has been ordered to report at St. Louis, Mo.
— Mr. Fell, manager of the Buffalo and Lake Huron Railway, retires, we believe, about the 22d of this month. Since his appointment that gentleman has enjoyed the respect of his employers, the esteem of those under his control, and we believe, the confidence of the business public generally.
We trust that he will elsewhere find a field of usefulness equal to his acknowledged business capabilities.--Huron Signal.
The Cleveland Plain Dealer has the following:--
We were this morning favored with a call from Thomas R. Clinton, Esq., of Buffalo, who is about to assume the agency of the American Express Company, in this city. Mr. Clinton has, for many years, been officially connected with the city government of Buffalo, and brings to the discharge
of his new duties great energy, a thorough knowledge of business, and integrity of character which is above question. He is a genial, whole-souled gentleman, and we feel assured that the administration of affairs in the Cleveland office will be entirely satisfactory to our citizens, under the able management of Mr. Clinton.
Mr. Clinton is now in this city. P-Madame Jerome Bonaparte is at Niagara Falls.
PRESENTATION OF A TELESCOPE TO COLONEL FARNHAM, OF THE FIRE ZOUAVES
The Colonel of the gallant regiment of New York Fire Zouaves has been the recipient of a splendid present from the Christ Church Sunday school of this city, in the shape of a large field telescope. The following correspondence passed on the occasion:--
New York, June 10, 1861.
Col. Noah L. Farnham, Washington, D. C.:-- Dear Sir--The Sunday school of Christ church, York, in remembrance of your pleasant associations with them, desire your acceptance of the field glass, assuring you their lively sympathy your labors in the noble cause in which you We hope that the glass may prove of practical you, besides serving to call back memory days that have passed, and ever to remind forward to the haven of peace. Very truly and affectionately yours,
Frederick S. Wiley, Rector
James Hall, Superintendent
Alex. Walker, Asst. Sup'dent.
D. A. Smith, Committee.
H. C. Platt, “
T. H. Nicholson, “
C. M. Black, “
DEPARTURE OF ANOTHER DETACHMENT OF FIRST FIRE ZOUAVES. (Sep. 25, 1861)
Another portion of the First Fire Zouaves, numbering about one hundred and fifty, were put on board a transport at a late hour on Monday night, in order to be transferred to Fortress Monroe, where a number of their comrades are at present located. It is hoped that when the regiment gets properly organized at the Fort they will arrive at that degree of military proficiency which will reflect credit upon themselves and the department to which they belong.
PRESENTATION.— At a meeting of Co. F, 10th Regiment, held at their Armory, Monday evening last, the Company presented their Captain (Harris)....
PRACTICAL JOKE Of A Chicago Fire Zouave—A member of the new York Fire Zouaves, who went from this city to join Col. Ellsworth in April, and who until then, had been an industrious type in the Chicago Tribune office, was out on picket duty one day last month, when the following incident occurred:
An F. F. V., with rather more than the usual superciliousness of his race rode up in a carriage from the direction of Alexandria, driven of course by his "servant." Zoo-zoo stepped into the road, holding his bayonet in such a way as to threaten horse, negro, and white man, at one charge, and roared out: "Tickets." Mr. V. turned up his lip, set down his brows, and by other gestures indicated his contempt for such mud-sills as the soldier before him, ending by handing his pass over to the darkey, and motioning him to get out and show it to Zoo-zoo.
" All right," said the latter, glancing at it "move on," accompanying the remark with a jerk at the coat-collar of the colored person which sent him spinning several paces down the road. "Now, sir, what do you want?" addressing the astonished white man.
White man had by this time recovered his tongue, "Want? I want to go on, of course. That was my pass." "Can't help that," replied Zoo; "it says pass the bearer, and the bearer is already passed. You can't get two men through this picket on one man's pass.
Mr. V. reflected a moment, glanced at the bayonet in front of him, and then called out to his black man to come back. Sambo approached cautiously, but fell back in confusion, when the "shooting-stick" was brandished toward his own breast.
" Where's your pass, sirrah ?" asked Zoo zoo.
" Here, massa," said the chattel, presenting the same one he had received from the gent in the carriage.
" Won't do," replied the holder of the bayonet. "That passes you to Fairfax. Can't let any one come from Fairfax on that ticket. Move on." A stamp of the foot sent Sambo down the road at a hard gallop.
" Now, sir, if you stay here any longer, I shall take you under arrest to head-quarters," he continued.
Mr. V. grabbed up his lines, wheeled around, and went off at the best trot his horses could manage over the "sacred soil." Whether Sambo ever hunted up his master is not known.—Chicago Tribune.
THE TROOPS IN AND AROUND THE CAPTIOL.
THE ARMY OF THE UNION IN SPLENDID CONDITION AND EAGER FOR THE FRAY.
Washington, June 2, 1861.
On visiting several of the camps in the vicinity of Washington to day, I find everything quiet. They are all waiting with great anxiety for marching orders. They will probably be gratified before long.
General Scott will soon have matters in condition for an advance movement into the very heart of the enemies' country.
At Alexandria everything was quiet and orderly. The troops were suffering considerably from the intense heat. This is one of the hottest places in the State. The soldiers hope to be, before long, in a healthier portion of the Old Dominion.
The government is considering the matter of sending down to Aquia Creek a sufficient force to hold that position as soon as the batteries are silenced. The commanding officer says it is entirely useless to dislodge those batteries unless we hold them; for the moment that our guns are withdrawn the secessionists commence immediately to reconstruct them again.
It is reported this evening that the Zouaves will go down to Aquia Creek, for the purpose of holding that position, provided the government determines to take such a step.
The First Connecticut regiment went into Virginia last night, to relieve the New York Twelfth, which returned to Camp Anderson in this city to-day, at two P. M. The latter regiment has been encamped at Roache's Mills, on the four mile run, nine miles distant from Washington and several miles southwest of Alexandria, since they left here, where they have been actively engaged in skirmish, drill and scouting. They were pleased with their trip, which they said they would not willingly have exchanged for the dull routine of barrack life.
A number of the National Rifles of this city, commanded by Captain Smead, together with a party from the Twelfth New York regiment, and several officers of the Marine Corps, rendered efficient service to-night in the extinguishment of an incendiary fire, and saved other adjacent tenements from destruction.
The War Department to-day despatched two special messengers with instructions to Generals McClernand and ...
METROPOLITAN MILITARY MATTERS.
Obsequies of Col. Farnham of the Fire Zouaves, and Removal of his Remains to New Haven for Interment—Seizure of the Steamer Marion by the United States Marshal-Blowing Up Fort Columbus a Herald Canard Arrival of Another Massachusetts Regiment on Route for the Seat of War—Opening of Bids for Army Tents—Unwonted Activity at Recruiting Offices—Condition of Regiments in and about the City, etc.
The new proclamation by the president is having a wholesome effect, and suits plain people well. It is now seen that the Administration is in earnest. The bold action of our city banks in responding to the call for $150,000,000, has also inspired confidence, and left not a loop on which to hang a doubt, of determined persistent pushing of the war to victorious issue. Our men are to have arms, equipments, and food, in abundance; and there will be no lack of artillery, of cavalry, and of ships of war. It is clear that a new leaf has been turned over, that a more vigorous policy is about to be inaugurated; that there is to be a grand concert of Union strength; that the back bone of this mighty rebellion is to be broken, and that the spirit and daring of the rebels is to be so completely crushed to earth, that it never can by any possibility rise again.
All this gives impetus to recruiting. The effect was perceptible, yesterday, everywhere throughout the city. No regiments arrived here or left the city yesterday. The funeral of Colonel Farnham, late commander of the Fire Zouaves, was the leading event of the day. At recruiting offices there was unusual activity.
A gentleman arriving last night from Washington, who paid us a visit, would seem to have brought the Bull-Run panic with him. He declares that the Cabinet Ministers and others are hastening to send their wives and families from the city, in anticipation of its attack, and possible conquest, by the rebels. The defences of the Capital, he declares, are insufficient; and Tuesday next, he is positive that the attack will be made. "Release Faulkner" is the war-cry of the enemy; and neither Davis, Lee, nor Beauregard, can withstand the fury. The Government, he insists, is too weak to withstand; the demoralizing contracts which Cabinet and confidential officers have dealt in have disgraced the service and disheartened the people. Maryland is bristling with secessionists; and they are a mighty power here in the city of New York. But fortunately, despite this alarm, there are 105,000 soldiers at and near Washington, who will probably greet their Southern visitors as is becoming to a civil war. The arrest of the traitor Faulkner has disheartened the secessionists at Washington, toward whom the Government has been and is unwisely lenient. The rebel troops have actually fallen back from Washington several miles. Maryland is about to elect a Legislature of Union sentiment. General McClellan is confident and equal to the emergency. In spite of three or four secession newspapers, a traitor Congressman, and their sympathies, New York is still loyal to the Union.
Our readers may therefore drink their coffee this morning with calm composure, and read our column of war news in the cheering conviction, that what is doing is well, what will be done will be well done, and quickly.
OBSEQUIES OF COL. FARNHAM.
Four colonels of New York regiments, one after another, in the full flush of their manhood’s prime, have been called by death from their posts of duty at the seat of war. Two of these have met death through injuries received at the hands of traitors to the country, whose nefarious designs they were aiding to frustrate, while the others were struck down by disease, in the midst of their patriotic labors. First, we mourned Colonel Ellsworth, the brave and chivalric young officer, the first leader of our gallant Fire Zouaves; next, Colonel Vosburgh, the courteous commandant of the Seventy-first Regiment; third, Colonel Kennedy, the honest and patriotic politician of endearing memory; and lastly, Colonel Noah L. Farnham, upon whose shoulders fell the mantle of Ellsworth. It is not necessary here to give a biographical sketch of the recent commandant of the New York Fire Zouaves. There was no man in the Fire Department better known than he was, none more highly esteemed, and none whose death would be more sincerely lamented. Only thirty-two years of age, he has erected for himself a monument more lasting than brass, and in future histories his name will have a place of honor.
The funeral of Col. Farnham took place yesterday. At nine o'clock, the friends of the deceased, together with his companions in arms, assembled at the residence of his father, Gen. W. Farnham No. 123 West Thirty-eighth street. A detachment of police was also in attendance. There were no religious exercises in the house, but the whole time till 10 o'clock was for arrangements for the funeral. The coffin in which the body lay was placed in the parlor. It was a metallic coffin, with a half glass cover. The remains were habited in the uniform worn by the Colonel on the battle-field at Bull Run. On the top of the coffin rested the American flag, the cap of the deceased, and two wreaths of white flowers. The silver plate bore the following inscription:
NOAH L. FARNHAM,
Aged 32 years, 4 months, 8 days.
A large number looked upon the features they had known so well in life. The face was very much emaciated—the result of a long sickness.
At ten o'clock the coffin was placed in the hearse in waiting, after which the funeral procession was formed. The procession moved to Christ Church, corner of Fifth avenue and Thirty-fifth street, in the following order:
Section of Police.
Carriage containing the officiating clergymen, Rev. Mr, Dennison, and Rev. Mr. Wiley.
The hearse, with the following pall-bearers, formed on each side:
Col. Lefferts. Chief Engineer Decker,
Lieut. Col. Shaler, Major Loesier,
Capt. Clark (N. Y.), Capt. Wiley (F. Z.),
James Kelly, Mr. Delatour.
A private of the Fire Zouaves in the rear.
Two carriages, containing the immediate relatives of the deceased.
Commissioned officers of the Fire Zouaves and United States Chasseurs, in fatigue uniform.
Commissioned officers of the Seventh Regiment, N. G., in fatigue uniform.
Ten members of Second Company, N. G., in charge of Corporal James. They were in full dress, and marched two abreast. The deceased formerly belonged to this company of the Seventh.
Several carriages containing relatives and friends, and citizens generally.
As the procession entered the church, the choir sang a requiem. The coffin having been laid in front of the chancel, the impressive form of burial service of the Episcopal church was gone through by Rev. Mr. Wiley. Rev. Mr. Dennison read the Lesson from the 15th Chapter of 1st Corinthians, when a hymn was sung by the choir. Rev. Dr. Wiley followed with an effective and impressive eulogy upon the deceased, praising his character and commending his military career.
At the conclusion of his remarks, prayers were read, after which the audience were permitted to pass the coffin and look upon the deceased.
Leaving the church, the procession was again formed, and the remains escorted to the New Haven Railroad depot, whence the remains were sent by the 12:15 train to New Haven, for interment.
Acting as an escort to the remains to New Haven were Captain Wiley, Captain Partell, and Lieutenant Byrne, of the First Regiment Fire Zouaves, and Corporal James, and privates Mix, Quillard, Gordon, Brower, Oakley, Hall, Ames, and Milney, of the second company National Guard, of which Colonel Farnham was formerly a member.
The Fire Zouaves--This body, or rather the remains ...... Doubtless our numerous leaders have been partly amused but even more vexed to read and note the dirty ... contained in the daily papers in reference to these men.
It needs no small amount of patience to curb one's temper after perusing these editorial attacks in papers which were mainly instrumental in bringing on the hasty conflict at Bull Run, and whose editors and correspondents prove themselves to be about the most in the way, and some of the fleetest-footed cowards in Virginia.
Until Col. S P. Heintzelmann, of the Seventeenth Infantry, rendered his official report of the operations of the Third Division of the Department of N. E. Virginia, great praise was accorded to the Fire Zouaves, and not only the columns of the Times (which now so roundly abuses them) contained flaming announcements about their great courage, but the whole Cock Sparrow Legion, and "On to Richmond Brigade, hallooed moat mightily over the deeds of those brave men.
Now, we happen to have seen and conversed with dozens of soldiers who were closer to the enemies' works than some of the generals in command, and who saw the positions of the different regiments, and witnessed the work they did. They cannot all be mistaken. If they are not, it is certain that the Battle of Ball Run was a blander from beginning to end, and the generals in command stand convicted, according to their own official reports, of want of necessary knowledge.
We are not disposed to go over the detailed reports of Brigadier General McDowell, commanding the five Divisions, or of all the officers at the heads of the several Brigades. It is sufficient for our purpose to examine the report of Col. Heintzelmann, wherein he speaks of the Zouaves. He says:
" At a little more than a mile from the ford we came upon the battle-field. Rickett's battery was posted on a hill to the right of Hunter's division and to the right of the road. After firing some twenty minutes at a battery of the enemy, placed just beyond the crest of a hill, on their entrance left, the distance being considered too great, it was moved forward to within about 1,000 feet of the enemy's battery. Here the battery was exposed to a heavy fire of musketry, which soon disabled it. Franklin's brigade was posted on the right of a wood, near the centre of our line, and on ground rising toward the enemy's position. In the meantime, I sent orders for the Zouaves to move forward to support Rickett's battery on its right. As soon as they came up I led them forward against an Alabama regiment, partly concealed in a clump of small pines in an old field. At the first fire they broke, and the greater portion of them fled to the rear, keeping up a desultory firing over the heads of their comrades in front; at the same moment they were charged by a company of secession cavalry on their rear, who came by a road through two strips of woods on our extreme right. The fire of the Zouaves killed four and wounded one, dispersing them. The discomfiture of this cavalry was completed by a fire from Captain Collum's company of United States cavalry, which killed and wounded several men. Colonel Farnham, with some of his officers and men, behaved gallantly, but the regiment of Zouaves, as a regiment, did not appear again on the field. Many of the men joined other regiments and did good service as skirmishers.
This above shows that Col. Heintzelmann ordered the Zouaves to support a battery which had been disabled by "a heavy fire of musketry." He then "led them forward against an Alabama regiment," but "at the first fire they broke, and the greater portion of them fled to the rear." Col. H. did nothing of the sort! He led them up to a fence some two hundred yards from where three regiments of riflemen were posted, who fired upon them to the right and left oblique! The artillery played upon them in front! After the second fire, the Zouaves, while retreating, were broken into disorder by the charge of Black Horse Cavalry coming upon their rear! "The fire of the Zouaves killed four and wounded one, dispersing them." Indeed! Why, one Zouave private killed one with his musket, and afterward dispatched another one with a knife; and an officer killed one more, and wounded a second with his revolver. Out of some seventy or eighty of these picked troopers, not a dozen got off with their lives! As for the United States Cavalry, Col. Heintzelmann speaks of, they may have aided in punishing or dispersing some of them but it is a question if these United States troopers were not making "confusion worse confounded," for it is alleged that a squad of them rode in the rear of one of our city volunteer regiments, hampering their movements and almost breaking through their lines, as did the cannoneers of a certain battery who rode with caissons helter skelter through the ranks of the Seventy-first Regiment! We admit that the Fire Zouaves did not charge in a body after the attack made upon them by the Cavalry, but that they could be found foremost in the fight, in the ranks of other regiments, or in picking off rebel stragglers wherever they saw them, there is overwhelming testimony to prove.
Much stress is laid by some of the generals in command about the wonderful services performed by the artillery. There were, at no one time, over twenty-six guns in service, and two of the batteries were completely silenced and partly captured by the enemy. And yet, despite such disadvantages, columns of infantry, comprising regiments worn down with a fatiguing march, parched with thirst, and about half-…ed, were led on to intrenched works mounted with rifled cannon, skirted on either side by masked batteries and concealing the men. If this is the generalship to be displayed in leading the Union troops, the sooner we give up the fight the better for it must end in ultimate defeat.
As for the sweeping accusations made against the Fire Zouaves by the Times, it is of a character with their impudent and false statements, pronounced time and time again, by that journal, and others of its kind against the Fire Department of New York. It is powerless to do harm. If such papers whose cock-a-doodle editors ride out to see battles, and fancy themselves Napoleons out of uniform, expect men drilled in light-infantry tactics, and equipped as Zouaves, should approach earth-works in solid lines like British Grenadiers, they do not know what they are talking about any more than those who might command such troops knew how to handle them. We should just like to ask General McDowell, Col. Heintzelmann, or any of their "elbows of the Mincio" friends, if the Fire Zouaves were in proper position at the Battle of Bull Bun, until forced into their own mode of fighting by circumstances; and also, if—setting aside the poor and unfortunate dead and wounded—the whole programme of operations, published like a Fourth of July procession, was not farcial in the extreme?
What would Napoleon, Wellington, or Marshal Saxe have thought of advertising an army before any proper reconnoissance of the field of its operations had been made, and then marched on in utter ignorance of the country it had to traverse. For says Col. Heintzelmann himself, we went on "with directions to stop at a road which turned into the left to a ford across Bull Bun, about half way where we turned off from the turnpike and Sudley's Springs, at which latter point Col. Hunter's division was to cross.
No such road was found to exist, and about 11, A.M., we found ourselves at Sudley's Springs!
Here is a general commanding a division marching about for several hours, apparently looking for a road which a hunter could not find, and then coming back again to where he started from! We fancy the generals were as much mixed up as the men. It looks like another .... of the Mincio's affair.
We are happy to hear none of the Fire Zouaves have died, in consequence of the Times' terrible charge! Death of Col. Farnham: The Fire Zouaves again called upon to mourn the loss of their commanding officer. Ellsworth's form is hardly interred, his full, rich voice yet lingers in the ear, and his memory is but just avenged, when lo! the successor .... whom he chose as his brother in the field, lies upon the edge of the tomb, awaiting the last ceremonials and honors which humanity can offer. Brave, beloved Farnham is no more! Scarcely entered upon manhood years, just ripening toward the prime of life, as was his predecessor in arms, he has fallen asleep in death, everywhere regarded with admiration and pride. Not only does the New York Fire Department lose one of its brightest ornaments, an officer ever faithful at the call of duty, and distinguished as sincerely for kind and cheering words, as well as modesty and uprightness of character—but the military world acknowledges the decease of one of its most valorous sons; the country, one of its bravest defenders.
Col. Noah Lane Farnham (or "Pony Farnham," as he was more familiarly called, was born in New Haven, Conn., June 6, 1829. He served his time out as a fireman in Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1, joining the company in the fall of 1851, and being elected foreman thereof in 1854. He was chosen an Assistant Engineer twice, once under Carson, and once under Howard. We believe the first time to fill a vacancy. In consequence of his employers (Clapp, Kent & Beckley), in whose establishment he grew up, desiring him to give up either the Fire Department or military duty, he sacrificed the former, and, therefore, remained with the Seventh Regiment, which he joined as a private, but had at that time been advanced to the rank of sergeant. He was soon promoted to second lieutenancy, and thence to be first lieutenant. While occupying this position, Ellsworth came to New York for the purpose of raising a regiment of firemen for the war. He solicited from one of the editors of this paper the names of such persons as were likely to make good officers. Among these names was that of Farnham, with whom Ellsworth had formed an acquaintance when he brought on his Chicago Cadets. The young lieutenant cheerfully took hold of the new organization, but most reluctantly allowed his name to be used as that of a field-officer. His own words were: "I don't like long jumping. It is time enough to be a colonel after you know the duties of a captain and major."
However, Farnham was overpowered, and being thoroughly in love with the Zouaves drill and tactics, (for he had partially organized a company of gymnasts to camp out and make a tour of the Northern and Eastern States), he took the command when Ellsworth fell. Colonel Farnham was an excellent scholar, and had acquired knowledge of the French language within the past few years, mainly by self-teaching. He was one of the best fencers and most expert gymnasts in the city. In private life his strictly moral and conscientious character won for him hosts of admiring friends; an imprudent word or deed never found expression in the life of young Farnham.
The father of the deceased is George W. Farnham, the well-known tailor of Broadway. The remains are to be conveyed to the grave from his residence, No. 123 West Thirty-eighth street. A brother of his belongs to the Seventh Regiment. Noah was never married.
The funeral ceremonies were without much display. The remains will be taken to New Haven on Saturday noon.
An account of these matters will appear in our Sunday edition.
JEFFERSON BRICK ON THE FIRE ZOUAVES.
We observe that Jefferson Brick has been furiously attacking the Fire Zouaves for running away at Bull Run, although many of them ran back again immediately afterward. He has exhausted the language in expressing his abhorrence of their conduct, and is determined to give them no quarter. We have no doubt there are some bad timbers in that regiment, as in every other, but that is no reason why the whole should be condemned. Where two hundred men were lost, there must have been some bravery, but what most amuses us is, to hear Jefferson Brick lecturing people about running away, for which he professes the utmost aversion , when he himself ran fourteen miles before the enemy at Solferino, and on the first alarm at Bull Run, fled precipitately, breaking his carriage, cutting the horse free from the harness, and making the best of his way on the bare-backed steed to Washington, and, after all, refused to pay for the damage done. A fine thing indeed for Jefferson Brick to preach about running away. We doubt not if there are runaways among the Zouaves they would be very useful in Brick's running brigade.--Herald, Aug. 16.
Present to Lieut. Frank Brownell.-- The avenger of Ellsworth's death has been the recipient of a handsome present from some friends at Boston in the shape of a dagger. The handle of the dagger is of ivory, carved by Wm. Lantz. At top is the American eagle, in the act of killing a rattlesnake, symbol of the Southern Confederacy. On one side of the handle is executed in bas relief a likeness of Governor Andrew; on the other, the head of the Goddess of Liberty. Between these are introduced on one side the coat arms of Massachusetts, and on the other, that of the United States.
The Fire Zouaves and Their Food.--We have been requested to publish the following letter from the well-known philanthropist of Ludlow street, which we commend to the intention the Times people, and the rest of the Zouaves defamers. Washington, August 10th, 1861.
" To the Editors Sunday Mercury:
" I am now visiting the seat of war for the purpose of seeing for myself how our brave men are cared for; and am sorry to say, that as far as I have gone, on all sides, complaints arise on account of the shameful treatment they receive from the commissary officers. And I am satisfied that half their sufferings have not been told. I have visited among others the encampment of the Fire Zouaves, poor, ill-treated but noble fellows. There are about two hundred and fifty of them here who are firm, tried, and true, and, after all they have suffered, are anxious to have their regiment again in the field, filled up to its original number. If they are supplied with good officers, fit to lead such men, and are properly cared for, they will perform deeds that will astonish the world. If I was a military man, I would seek no greater honor than to lead such a noble set of fellows to the battle-field to vindicate our right to life, liberty, and happiness, against the rebels and traitors who would crush out the last spark of liberty and give us in its stead a military despotism. I am not surprised at so many taking French leave; but I am satisfied that nearly all will return when they become convinced that they will be treated like men, and not like dogs.
" The men are satisfied the Government have furnished money enough to provide the best provisions in abundance for every man in the field; but those devils of commissaries, quartermasters, and sutlers, are grinding the dollars out of the stomachs and off the backs of our noble men who have left home and all that is near and dear to them on earth, to battle for the maintenance of our glorious Union, the only place on the earth where a man can be a man if he choose. God bless my country, and deliver us from the dangers by which we are now surrounded.
" The story told by the Fire Zouaves is repeated by every regiment I have visited. In one of the Maine regiments the Commissary is a stripling of a boy, a son of a judge of that State. I doubt if he knows the difference between beef and mutton. Politics are not the only qualities necessary in a man to fill an office on which the health and comfort, and, in a great degree, the efficiency of our army depends. I hope a change will soon take place in these officers, or God help our country! Through the ill-treatment of these men, our soldiers were beaten before the battle of Bull Run; they were supplied with a few wormy biscuits and a small quantity of what they called corned beef. I saw a sample of it, and tried to tear a piece off with my teeth; it was so salt that it made my tongue smart again. The water they had to use, you can see a sample of running in the gutters of the streets. Only think of men being thus provisioned, marching such a distance, and without rest, and attacking an enemy of at least four times their number, not worn out by long marches, and with plenty to eat, strongly intrenched, and entirely surrounded with masked batteries, and coming off with the loss of but a few hundred. It is truly wonderful that the brave fellows were not all cut to pieces. Truly, these commissaries are doing good service to, and fighting the battles of the rebels better than they can do it themselves. The men all say, if the Government could not afford it, they would not complain but endure it as long as life lasted; but to have a lot of politicians plundering them to enrich themselves is more than they can endure. Yours, etc., John W. Farmer."
MILITARY MATTERS DIFFERENCES IN REGARD TO RATIONS.--Every officer and private in this city and elsewhere, who has seen service, whether for a month or three months, cannot understand why there is such a discrepancy in regard to the estimated ..... rations. We are unable to fathom the probable difficulty. All we know is, that the State of New York has paid from 35c. to 45c. per day for each man's rations; and that the allowance "for the ration of a soldier stationed in a city, with no opportunity for messing, will be commuted at 40c. per day." According to the master (or pay) rolls made out for our several returned regiments, they allow 25c. for forage and ration, or 12 1-2c. for either. Why, and how this difference? Until troops are mustered out of service, we believe they are entitled to receive rations. If commuting for the same, they certainly do not deduct some thirty-seven cents, simply because the Government happens to delay in mustering out. In order that our volunteers may know what the Army Regulations say upon the subject, we copy that portion referring to the
" COMMUTATIONS OF RATIONS.
" 1,091....When a soldier is detached on duty, and it is impracticable to carry his subsistence with him, it will be commuted at 75c. a day, to be paid by the Commissary when due, or in advance, on the order of the commanding officer. The officer detaching the soldier will certify, on the voucher, that it is impracticable for him to carry his rations, and the voucher will show on its face the nature and extent of the duty the soldier was ordered to perform.
" 1,092....The expenses of a soldier placed temporarily in a private hospital, on the advice of the senior surgeon of the post or detachment, sanctioned by the commanding officer, will be paid by the Subsistence Department, not to exceed 75c. a day.
" 1,093....The ration of a soldier stationed in a city, with no opportunity of messing, will be commuted at 40c. The rations of the non-commissioned regimental staff and ordnance sergeants, when they have no opportunity of messing—and of soldiers on furlough, or stationed where rations cannot be issued in kind, may be commuted at the cost or value of the ration at the post.
" 1,094....When a soldier on duty has unnecessarily paid for his own subsistence, he may be refunded at the cost of the ration. When more than the cost of the ration is claimed, the account must be submitted to the Commissary General."
According to the estimate of the Army Regulations, the hospital return is 9 cents and 5 mills per ration; or $9 55 for 100 rations. Of course, allowance must be made for the advanced price of food and other necessaries, which would increase the amount of the above very considerably.
We understand, however, on the authority of officers who know the fact, that the Subsistence Department receives rations according to a new scale, published, we believe, in pamphlet form, whereby the troops are defrauded in this manner. The Commissariat draws from the Government say 15 pounds of sugar for 100 men, according to the new scale, while but 12 pounds is dealt out according to the old schedule! In the same manner, 12 pounds of rice is received, and only ten pounds is given out! If this is true— and we have no reason "to doubt it yet—it can be seen, at a glance, how the soldiers are robbed, and why the position of an officer in the Commissary Department is at a premium!
No wonder some gentlemen—who do none of the fighting, but who deal out provisions and groceries--are getting immensely rich over this war. No wonder the troops threaten to shoot their colonels and quartermasters who never investigate or look into these things. The fault does not lie with the Government. It provides the best mess pork, rated as A No. 1, and pays the price therefor; but no such food is dealt out to the soldiers: it is resold and exchanged for meat of an inferior quality. The best brand of bread, flour, and biscuit is purchased by the Government for its troops: they receive stale, worm eaten stuff instead!
P-The Seventh Regiment had to expend some thousands of dollars to procure decent rations (outside of their little luxuries), during the short time they were in service. Others, less fortunate, had to go to sleep supperless, many a night, for the reason that they could not eat the dirty, nasty stuff.
There is apparently no regularity in regard to either the quantity or quality of the rations issued, in the first place; and in the second, the estimate of its value differs as greatly as its character. Its rate is equally fluctuating; according to the printed muster rolls of the Government, it is set down at 25c. for ration and forage; by allowance, the single ration is claimed at 30c.; by contract of the State authorities it varies from 23c. to 45c.—the latter price being allowed for supplies at Fort Schuyler, and distant camps.
We pronounce the whole thing a complete humbug, and unworthy of existence in an intelligent nation like ours. So long aa it exists, men cannot be found ready to re-enlist; and their honest exposition of the evils which are tolerated, deters even raw recruits from joining. Until an alteration is made, in this respect, defeat after defeat may be looked for.
FIRST REGIMENT FIRE ZOUAVES. (1861)
General Wetmore has been assigned the charge of the returned Zouaves, until the authorities have arrived at some conclusions in relation to their future course. They are ordered to report at the City Assembly Rooms, in Broadway tomorrow morning.
Return of the First Regiment of New York Fire Zouaves.
They are to be mustered out of the service.
In our evening edition yesterday an announcement appeared to the effect that the United States transport Blackstone had arrived at this port with the New York Fire Zouaves on board. The statement caused quite a sensation here, as the return of this splendid fighting corps was wholly unlooked for and unexpected. The surprise became all the greater when it was known that the Zouaves were to be mustered out of the service with as little delay as possible. The Blackstone arrived in the morning, and the officer in command, Lieutenant Colonel McFarland, immediately repaired to Quartermaster Tompkins to arrange for temporary quarters for the regiment pending the necessary arrangements preliminary to the disbandment. Colonel Tompkins ordered the regiment to be quartered on Governor's Island, and the transport immediately proceeded thither and landed the men. The Zouaves appear to be in excellent health, but somewhat dejected, owing to what they consider bad treatment by the government. The cause of the disbandment is said to be the neglect of the Secretary of War to send the regiment in the advance with General McClellan. They complain that they have been compelled to perform an unfair proportion of the drudgery at Newport's News, digging graves, acting as nurses, &c., the greater portion of the time of their encampment in that region. Many of the Zouaves eluded the sentinels yesterday, and came up to the city in small boats, to see their friends. They will be paid off in a few days, and mustered out of the service.
(May 20, 1862)
RETURN OF THE FIRE ZOUAVES.--On Wednesday afternoon, the remnant of that gallant band which passed up Broadway 1,000 strong but a few weeks ago, headed by the courageous Ellsworth, returned to the City of New York, whence they were gathered together and departed at ten days' notice. What a strange contrast did their return present to their departure! Instead of moving along, with twenty platoons of twenty-one front, all trim and shining, in new uniforms, of gray and black—their jaunty red caps sitting snugly upon each head—they tramped up Broadway, through Bond street, and down the Bowery, by the flank, a little over 300 strong, with red-skull caps and dirty red shirts, more like a lot of boatmen than a regiment of soldiers. The Fire Department banner in their centre, tinged with smoke, cut by sabres and pierced with balls, and the American flag stained by blood, told the story of their deeds. Despite all the official records, in the face of all blackguardism at the bidding of a venal, political sheet, we honestly believe that the Fire Zouaves killed more rebels, two to one, than any other regiment which was brought into action at the Battle of Bull Run.
The reception of this regiment, notwithstanding the short and unexpected notice given of their coming, was more enthusiastic than that tendered to any other which has returned home.
In consequence of Major Loeser being lame, from a wound in the foot, the command was given over to Lieutenant G. A. Bernard, of Co. I (late of the Second Company National Guard). A large escort of the Fire Department in uniform, turned out to receive the gallant fellows; and took them to the Park Barracks, where they partook of a lunch, and subsequently to the City Assembly Rooms. Here they are temporarily quartered, being dismissed until 8, A M., on Monday morning.
In the evening, a meeting of the returned members of this regiment was held at Humboldt Hall. James L. Ferris was called to the chair, and John H. Schnedwin appointed secretary. The following preamble and resolution was adopted, which we publish with much pleasure, knowing the truth of the statements made therein:
Whereas, Several of the journals of the city have grossly misrepresented the members of this regiment, now in this city, as vagabonds and demoralized deserters, thereby leading the public to suppose that we are not men of character or public pride; and, whereas, some of the field-officers, who were in command at the battle of Bull Run, in making up their report of the doings of the several regiments under their charge, have credited other regiments with duty which was performed by us alone, and falsely charged us with a dereliction of duty and cowardice, which, if true, would be sufficient to call down the condemnation of the entire republic; therefore, in justice to ourselves,
Resolved, That a statement of our grievances, since we left New York, should be laid before the public, as follows:
We left our respective families, occupations, and fire companies within eight days of the time that the first call was made for the organization of a regiment of Fire Zouaves; and in that call, during the eight days preceding our departure from the city, we were the recipients of numerous promises of clothing and food, few if any of which were fulfilled. For instance, we were promised Sharp's breech-loading rifles, with sabre-bayonets, and a Colt's revolver and bowie-knife. This promise was but partially fulfilled in the shape of eight hundred Sharpe's rifles and two hundred carbines, but the promised saber bayonets, revolvers, and bowie-knives we did not receive.
We understood, on receiving the rifles, that they were to be our own personal property, to be carried at our sides during the war; but on reaching Camp Lincoln they were taking away from us, and in lieu of them we received two hundred Minie rifles, with sabre-bayonets, and eight hundred Minie muskets, with the ordinary bayonets, but on reaching Alexandria after that (on our part at least) hard-fought battle of Bull Run, these were taken from us, and we were left without arms with which to defend our flag or ourselves in case of an unexpected attack. In addition to the above, which might be deemed by some small inconveniencies, but which were not so considered by ourselves, we suffered more than almost any other regiment in the service, through want of a regular supply of provisions, water, baggage-wagons, and innumerable other necessities. The charge that we deserted is utterly false. Our officers, after the Battle of Bull Run, not only came to New York, but some of them ordered us to follow them if we could. These are facts which can be substantiated by indubitable proof. We are not deserters. No; far from that, we are extremely anxious to march again against the traitors to the best Government in the world, which has conferred so many
blessings on us, and which is the hope of the oppressed of all lands, and to the defence of the glorious Stars and Stripes—that flag we all love so dearly.
It was quite humorous to notice the eats and coons which some of the men carried upon their knapsacks, on Wednesday. They brought with them one contraband, "Bob," who can be found at the house of Hose Co. No. 22. There were fourteen more anxious to come, but the Government officers prevented them from doing so.
Four carriages in the rear of the ranks contained wounded members of the regiment. Their names are: F.J Gregory, E Maloney, G. H. W. Norton, Patrick McGovern, James McCurran, D. McGanley, John McCarthy, Charles Wilson, James Heeney, A. W. Pensall, John Richardson, W. Morrison, John Johnston, William Dwyer, Sergeant Langdon, and Sergeant-Major Thomas F. Goodwin.
The remarks made by Gen. Prosper M. Wetmore were as follows: He commenced by saying that they had been received nobly and with great enthusiasm. He said also that they came back with some stories told against them, but he did not believe them; he would not believe them. (Applause.) He studied out all those written by officers commanding at the battle in which we lost national credit and honor, and he could make out a case for them. He believed they did, as well as the others did. The officers in command that day did not know them as Ellsworth knew them; that was the trouble. This is not a regiment to be placed in line to be shot at by masked batteries. (Applause.) It was their province to have been upon the flank and to fight according to Zouave tactics. The speaker then detailed the circumstances under which they were sent home. He was in Washington a week ago last Monday, and saw the regiment. He found them everywhere, and a good many of them where they ought not to have been. (Applause). He said to himself, these are the men that Ellsworth led; they must not be thrown away. He went to the Secretary of the State, who acceded to the justice of what he said, and told the general in command to make an order to send them back to New York, provided he (Gen. Wetmore) would give an assurance that, to the best of his belief, they would reorganize, and a regiment of seven hundred men, First Fire Zouaves, should return to the seat of war. (Great enthusiasm.) He gave his word, and he was not afraid but they would enable him to make it good. If 699 were organized, and one more necessary, he would take a musket himself. (Cheers.) He felt bound to see the regiment right, and see it do right. He believed that Ellsworth looked down to see if they would make good their pledges to him. (Cries of "We will.") We had put our pride upon the regiment, and they must make good what they had promised. He wished that their present commander might so arrange the duties he owes to his country as that he might stay with them. (Continued cheers.) He saw what they wanted; it was a man who understands them. He had taken the responsibility to advise their commanding officer to give them a short leave of absence; to let them stack their arms there, and then go home and see their friends, and tell their stories of the past and their intentions for the future, and he would take their words to be there at eight o'clock on Monday morning. (Cheers.) If there was one who would not keep that word good, let him step out and he would be excused. (Cries of "No, no.") When they go back, he believed that the officers in high command over them will know better how to manage such troops as they are. When their major had them under command he would put them through the double quick, and twice double-quick, and all sorts of ways, until they would be the best regiment that writes its name—United States Infantry. He would remind them, too, that they came back with only a third of their number, some of whom are beneath the sod, some wounded and in the hospital, and some prisoners with the enemy; but many others were neither killed, wounded, prisoners, nor are they present. During the three days' leave which their colonel would give them, they must hunt up those to whom he referred, and bring them on Monday morning at eight o'clock. That terrible and perilous word that begins with a d had not yet been written opposite any soldier's name of the First Fire Zouaves, and would not be until after Monday morning, after which he could not promise them that it should not be. Let them be here on Monday morning, and they are still soldiers of the Fire Zouaves. They are not men who have enlisted for the pay, but the pay should be theirs if they keep their promise on Monday morning. Everyman that returns at that time with his name on the roll will receive it at the regular time.
THE ELLSWORTH ZOUAVES.
Corporal Francis A. Brownell, the gallant avenger of the assassination of Col. Ellsworth, left the city yester- day to join his regiment. During his stay in New York he has been the guest of Councilman Barney, who took an active part in conducting the obsequies of the late Col. Ellsworth. Previous to his departure he paid a visit to the Board of Brokers, by whom he was presented with a magnificent silver mounted pistol. It will be remembered that the weapon used to avenge Col. Ellsworth was a pistol, and this testimonial is a similar weapon. (May 31, 1861)
COLONEL ELLSWORTH'S ZOUAVES.
All communications and packages for the United States National Guard, First regiment, New York Zouaves (Colonel Ellsworth's), will be received at David W. Lewis' office, 35 Water street, new York. By order of the Commissary. (May 1861)
FUNERAL OF HENRY S. CORNELL. (June 1, 1861)
The funeral of Henry S. Cornell, amember of Company G, New York Fire Zouaves, who was shot near Alexandria on the night of the 31st ult. by a party of secessionists, took place yesterday afternoon, at four o'clock, from the residence of his brother-in-law, 115 Chrystie street.
At an early hour the house was crowded with the friends of the young man, who went to have a last glimpse of their old comrade.
The funeral should have taken place at one o'clock, but it did not take place until nearly four, owing to many detentions. The members of the Donovan Guard and No. 13 Engine Company having arrived, the Rev. Mr. Snyder, of Forsyth street, proceeded to hold the usual exercises over the body. He said, speaking of the young man and his career, that, although it was short it was none the less patriotic, and that although one might fall in defence of his country there were many ready to follow. He concluded by a prayer for the safety of the Union, and the hope that it would soon be brought out of its present difficulties.
The coffin containing the body of deceased lay in the front parlor. It was decorated with a beautiful American flag, a gift from the late Colonel Ellsworth to Mr. Cornell.
On the coffin was a plate bearing the following inscription:
HENRY S. CORNELL.
AGED 21 YEARS AND 6 MONTHS.
DIED MAY 31, 1861.
The funeral procession was headed by Shelton's brass band, and was followed by the members of Thirteen Engine and the Donovan Guard, of which he was a member. The hearse came next, after which came the family and friends, in carriages. The route taken was through Chrystie to Grand, Grand to Broadway, and down Broad- way to the South ferry, whence the funeral cortege proceeded...
The Fire Zouaves and the State Government.
The following correspondence between Mr. H M. Graham and Governor Morgan, in relation to the Fire Zouaves of this city, corrects the statements which have gained currency:
" New York, June 31, 1861.
" To His Excellency Edwin D. Morgan: "Dear Sir: I desire to call your attention to the... ...ments have been drawn, and... excitement, greatly aggravated by the conviction that whatever formalities may have been lacking, the regiment which bore itself as the Zouaves did at Bull Run ought to be kindly treated instead of being made the subject of any indignities from their fellow citizens or state authorities. Believing you to be a friend of the firemen of this city, and above all a friend of justice, I respectfully solicit from you such a letter for publication as shall effectually set at rest the reports referred to, or else give them such definite shape as shall leave no doubt as to the position and prospects of the Zouaves. I am, dear sir, very truly yours,
" H. M. GRAHAM."
"STATE OF NEW YORK, EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,
Albany, August 2, 1861.
" Dear Sir: I am directed by Governor Morgan to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 31st ultimo, and to inform you in reply, that the Eleventh regiment New York Volunteers (Fire Zouaves,) were paid the amount due them from the state some days ago.
" It would be a useless task to even attempt the correction of all the erroneous rumors afloat, and least of all is it necessary to seek to set right the false stories in circulation respecting these brave men. Time will accomplish all in this direction; in the meantime the number is small who give any heed to the reckless gossip about the Fire Zouaves and others of our heroic soldiers in the field.
" I am, with much respect, your obedient servant,
L. S. DOTY, Private Secretary.
" H. M. GRAHAM, Esq., New York city."
To Editors of the Sunday Mercury:
A short time since, all the newspapers in this city were very prolific with their praises of the gallant Fire Zouaves"; but suddenly a change has taken place among some of them, since they find that there is no more dirty work to perform. That contemptible sheet, the New York Times, has lately seen fit to traduce and belie the Zouaves, because one Col. Heintzleman (whose word is no sooner to be believed than the humblest fireman in the regiment) made a statement in regard to the action of the Fire Zouaves at the battle of Bull Run. I have conversed with several who have returned with other regiments from the seat of war, and who were in the above engagement, and they all agree that, for bravery and fighting, no regiment on the field could surpass the "boys"; and I, with a host of others, believe that it was so, the statement of Col. H. the "little villain" to contrary. The Times has always been the sneaking enemy of our firemen; and it is to be hoped that the time will yet come when its editors will have to apologise for the filthy slurs and abuse it has heaped upon our noble firemen. Now that the regiment is at home again, let some statement be published that will throw the lie back into the teeth of the base slanderer. Respectfully yours, G. A. W.
Jersey City, Aug. 15, 1861.
To the Editors of the Sunday Mercury:
Will you please inform me in your next issue, if the detachment of Fire Zouaves who came on here some two months ago with Col. Ellsworth's body are still living? I have heard they were all killed.
Yours, respectfully, J. S.
Two Fire Zouaves of this City Captured by the Rebels.
A letter received in this city to-day from a member of the regiment of Fire Zouaves, at Alexandria, dated on the 30th of June, reports the capture of two soldiers of that regiment by the rebels. Their names are Murphy and Kelly; the latter formerly a compositor in the office of the EVENING POST. The letter states that a small party of the Zouaves were engaged in guarding a road near the Morton House, in the vicinity of Alexandria, when they were approached by a body of rebel cavalry, whose superiority was so evident that the Zouaves fell back, except the two men who were captured. Murphy had been mounted, but was at the moment out of the saddle, and before he could regain it was taken. Kelly stood his ground, and with his rifle took deliberate aim at the head of the foremost horseman, firing and killing him instantly, and without leaving his post, he proceeded to load again, but before he could fire was captured.
An Indigant Fire Zouave Prisoner.
The Richmond correspondent of one of the Charleston papers relates the following: "Among the prisoners is a noble looking and intelligent Zouave. I saw him on the field just after he was taken. While passing a group of our men, one of the latter called him some hard name. "Sir," said the Fire Zouave, turning on his heel, and looking the Virginian full in the eye, "I have heard that yours was a nation of gentlemen, but your insult comes from a coward and a knave. I am prisoner, but you have no right to fling your curses upon me because I am unfortunate. Of the two, sir, I consider myself the gentleman." I need not add, that the Virginian slunk away under the merited rebuke, or that a dozen soldiers generously gathered around the prisoner and assured him of protection from further insult.
THE ELLSWORTH REGIMENT.
To the Editor of The N. Y. Tribune.
SIR: I wish, in justice to my regiment, to correct a statement which appeared in your paper of the 11th inst., saying "the Ellsworth Regiment was to be mustered out of the service, having only 400 men for duty." My Morning Report shows 752 men for duty. We were temporarily detached for special duty, and are now under orders to join our division as soon as relieved. By inserting the above in your paper you will oblige
S. W. STRYKER, Colonel 44th Regt., N. Y. State Volunteers.
Headquarters 44th Regiment N. Y. Volunteers, Yorktown,
Va., May 15, 1862.
LOCAL MILITARY MOVEMENTS.
THE ELLSWORTH FIRE ZOUAVES TO BE MUSTERED OUT OP THE SERVICE.
The Eleventh regiment New York Volunteers, better known as the Ellsworth Fire Zouaves, will be mustered I out of the service of the general government this morning. The regiment returned from the seat of war at the beginning of last week, and have been quartered since that time on Governor's Island, where the work of mustering them out of the service will be performed.
LOCAL MILITARY MATTERS.
Ellsworth Fire Zouaves Mustered Out of the Service.
The First regiment New York Fire Zouaves, or Eleventh regiment of Volunteers, assembled at Governor's Island (yesterday morning, and were mustered out of the service of the United States government. Only about thirty were absent. The members did not get their pay but were given to understand that they would be fully paid in the course of a few days. Many have already volunteered in other regiments.
FUNERAL OF A NEW YORK ZOUAVE.
Alexandria, June 2, 1861.
Henry S. Cornell, the Zouave who was shot on Friday night at Cloud's Mills, was buried at the Zouave camp this morning with military honors. The chaplain of the regiment read the Episcopal burial service. The exercises were very interesting and affecting. Joseph Cushman, Cornell's comrade, who was wounded at the same time is doing well.
CELEBRATION BY THE FIRE ZOUAVES.
The New York Fire Zouaves will celebrate the Fourth in grand style to-morrow. The eighteen guns mounted at Fort Ellsworth will belch forth a national salute at sunrise and sunset, and the astonished natives of Alexandria will witness what has probably never been seen there before, a brilliant display of fireworks.
Death of A Fire Zouave Captain.--We regret to announce the death of Capt. Manuel Silva, in command of Co. F, Second Regiment Fire Zouaves, and late assistant foreman of Peterson Engine Co. No. 31. The deceased was sun-struck a few days ago. An attack of brain fever followed, and ended his career.
The Eleventh Regiment.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEW YORK HERALD.
Harper’s Ferry, June 2, 1862.
The correspondent of the New York Times stated a falsehood about the Eleventh regiment, New York State Militia. The companies of Captains Roth, Kubin, Sollsman and Fisher refused to be sworn in except in Washington. They were disgraced and sent back. The other six full companies were sworn in by Gen. Sexton, and as one man gave three hearty cheers for the Union, and went immediately on the battle field, although they had been on the march for fifty hours without rest and returned only to their first camp at half-past one o'clock at night in a terrible thunder storm.
Colonel Eleventh regiment, N. Y. S. M.
CANADIAN RESPECT FOR COL. ELLSWORTH.
The Detroit Free Press of May 28 says: -- On the Queen's birthday the several fire companies of Chatham, C. W., left on the steamer Canadian for Port Huron and Sarnia. Upon arriving at Port Huron, Assistant Engineer David Walker, having just heard of the death of the gallant Col. Ellsworth, proposed, as a token of respect to the departed, that all present should raise their hats three times in solemn silence, which was done in a truly impressive manner.
The Fire Zouaves.--Agreeably to orders, the New-York Fire Zouaves assembled on Governor's Island yesterday, when the pay and muster-out rolls were made out. As soon as the rolls are examined by the U. S. Assistant Paymaster, the men will be paid and mustered out of the service. The majority of the men express their determination to unite with other regiments, and are therefore anxious that there should be no delay in disbanding the old organization.
LIEUT. FRANK BROWNELL.—We see it stated that Lieut. FRANK BROWNELL, of the 11th Regular Infantry, has been ordered to report to the Army Retiring Board, on account of the partial loss of his voice. He has been on duty in Illinois.
INCENDIARY FIRES IN WASHINGTON.
THE FIRE ZOUAVES CALLED INTO SERVICE.
THEIR HEROIC CONDUCT.
PREPARATIONS FOR WAR BY THE REBELS.
Special Dispatch to the New York Tribune.
WASHINGTON, Thursday, May 9.
Let New York honor yet more her gallant firemen. They are the first conquerors in the unholy war, and have just defeated the plans of our adversaries. They deserve the thanks of all good men. At 2 o'clock this morning most unearthly and long continued yells announced to the startled citizens that fire was at its mischief, and had attacked a liquor establishment next door but one to Willard's immense hotel. Immediately Gen. Mansfield, Col. McDowell, and others were in attendance, while the guests of the hotel, in varied wardrobes, filled the corridors and avenues thereof. In a short time the fire was extinguished, and all was pronounced safe.
At 4 o'clock another fire announcement was made, and this time fierce flames were seen rushing from the lower part of the building that had been on fire before. The bells rang for aid, but no aid appeared, and meanwhile the flames spread with fearful rapidity towards the hotel, which was filled with dense volumes of smoke. After seemingly interminable delay, one or two inefficient fire companies appeared, against whose feeble efforts the fire made continued progress.
HEROIC CONDUCT OF THE FIRE ZOUAVES.
At this juncture Gen. Mansfield bethought him of our gallant fire laddies, and dispatched an Aid to Col. Ellsworth, asking for a detachment. "Fire! fire!" rang through the quarters, and in the twinkling of an eye ten men from each company were running swiftly and in order down the broad avenue, headed by their Colonel. Reaching the engine house, they found it barricaded, and—evidently with intention—so fastened as for a long time to defy their entrance; but they broke in the door, and rushed the engine to the fire.
Here they were joined by several hundreds of their companions who would not brook the idea of confinement or idle slumber while their enemy was in the field. With trumpet in hand, they came and accomplished wonders, some of which were frightful to behold, such as this: Two of them held each a leg of the third, they standing on the roof enveloped in flames, while he, head downward, was suspended over the burning building until he succeeded in reaching a hose-pipe which was extended from the end of a short ladder.
Col. Ellsworth seized the trumpet from a fireman, who remonstrated, insisting upon his right to command. "Well," said the Colonel, "if you have more men here than I have, you can take it."
After two hours' hard and perfect work, they subdued the fire, confining it to the original building and the one next to it. In complete order they were marshalled, when Col. Ellsworth led them up the hill, where Gen. Mansfield, bare-headed, addressed them, thanking and praising them, and repeating several times, "I am proud of you, very proud of you."
After a short congratulatory speech from Col. Ellsworth, and accepting an invitation from Mr. Willard to breakfast, they gave three immense cheers, sang "Dixie," and contentedly marched in perfect order to their quarters.
The building was fired by Secessionists in four places. The matter will be thoroughly investigated by the Fire Marshal to-day. It is without doubt one of a series of movements to destroy the city by fire, to which allusion has been made before. It is needless to expatiate upon the intense excitement caused here, or upon the pride felt by New Yorkers in their fellow-citizens. Among others, Simeon Draper, F. B. Cutting, Abraham Wakeman, Thurlow Weed and Farmer Abell congratulated the boys, who were delsious with joy, and stood metaphorically on their heads with delight.
The interior of Willard's Hotel is uninjured, and the guests are entertained as usual. A fine stand of colors is to be presented to the regiment as a testimonial of the respect and gratitude of the House, for which the Willards subscribed $100. To-day the Zouaves have been all the rage. Nothing is too good for them, and they are the admiration of everybody.
ENCAMPMENT OF THE FIRE ZOUAVES.
Col. Ellsworth has received orders to encamp on Arlington Heights. His men are at once to erect tents and prepare for out-door life. At this prospect they are delighted, and all agree that, having now a fair start, they will prove that they are gentlemen as well as firemen, and soldiers as well as gentlemen. It seems understood that the First Regiment of New York Zouaves are at once to change their present arms, Sharp's carbines, which are far better suited for cavalry service than for such as their, for Minie rifles with sabre bayonets.