149th New York Infantry Regiment's Civil War Newspaper Clippings
OUR GRAND MARCH.
The army left Atlanta in two columns. The right passing directly south towards Macon, and the left taking a southeasterly course in the general direction of Augusta.
Neither of the points mentioned, however, were included in the original programme, as it was to be presumed both Macon and Augusta would be occupied and defended, and our facilities for taking care of the wounded were not sufficient to warrant the risk of any encounter that might tend to increase the burdens upon the wagon train.
The right wing therefore left Macon on its right, and passed directly round in the direction of Millen, (where the Union prisoners were confined) and the left wing, under Gen. Slocum, passed through Milledgeville, the Capital of the State, and leaving Augusta on the left also pressed forward towards Millen, where the two wings were to form a junction, and pass together down the peninsula, formed by the Ogeechee and Savannah rivers, to Savannah and the seaboard.
The first few days of our march was over a rolling country not particularly noted for its fertility, but the roads were pretty fair, and we made excellent time, besides supplying ourselves with forage for men and animals.
The roads still continued good, and the country became more fertile, affording adundant [sic] supplies of every kind; and several handsome villages were passed, proving that Middle Georgia is not only a fertile section of country, but the people are enterprising and intelligent. Madison, Ga., is one of the finest villages I hare ever seen, and Eatonton, Social Circle, and other small places on the route gave evidence of taste and enterprise on the part of their inhabitants.
As we approached the southern part of the State the country became more flat and swampy, and our road lay for miles through sandy pine plains, covered with towering pitch-pine trees, without underbrush.
The trees are of a very resinous quality and torches of dry pine blaze like tar-barrels, affording us light and assisting us materially on our night marches through the swamps.
On more than one occasson [sic] our army resembled a prosession [sic] of "Wide Awakes," as the troops marched or lined each side of the road through the swamps, each man having a blazing pine torch, for the purpose of lighting the wagon train on its route.
Notwithstanding the forbidding appearance of the country in the immediate vicinity of the road our foraging parties continued to find abundant supplies of food for men and animals, and when we halted in front of Savannah we had several days' supplies of forage, including sweet potatoes, bacon and fresh meat for the men, and corn and rice straw for the animals.
On our route the Georgia Central railroad leading from Savannah to Macon, and the Charleston and Savannah road, together with the road leading to Augusta, and several branches were effectually destroyed, and years must ....
We passed through Milledgeville, the Capital of Georgia, occupping [sic] the place, and capturing a large quantity of small arms and munitions of war in the Arsenal and Capitol Buildings. The Penitentiary (which was empty—the prisoners having been sent off to defend Macon) was burned, and the Arsenal building was also destroyed, but I understand the State House was left uninjured.
Gen. Slocum and Staff made their quarters in the principal Hotel in the town, which was rather an unpretending affair, for a State Capital, and the troops and wagon trains encamped near the bounderies [sic] of the place.
I had no opportunity of examining the town carefully, but to me it seemed like a small village, of not more than 6,000 inhabitants, and possessing no residences or even public buildings of extraordinary beauty, or interest. Even the State House, where the assembled wisdom of Georgia, meet to hatch treason and foster rebellion, is a very common place affair, and the building dignified with the title of Arsenal, located only a few steps from the Capitol, was an inferior structure, not much better than many of our northern barns.
The Arsenal contained a large number of "Georgia Pikes," a formidable weapon, provided the troops ever approached near enough to use them, but as harmless as an Irishman's Shillalah in an ordinary battle. They consist of a long staff, with a rough spear head, and to be effective the contending armies must be within ten feet of each other.
A large number of roughly made swords, fashioned like large butcher knives, were also found in the Arsenal, together with a quantity of holsters, belts, and other accoutrements, all of which were either distributed to our troops or destroyed with the buildings.
During our brief sojourn in Milledgeville, some of the choice spirits of the army resolved to organize the Georgia Legislature and hold a sham session of that august body. Accordingly a crowd of brass buttoned officers assembled in the Hall of Representatives and organized with all due propriety by the selection of the following officers:
Clerk—Lt. Col. Rodgers.
Sergeant-at-Arms—Capt. W. W. Moseley.
Pages—Maj. E. H. Guindon, Maj. J. S. Crumb,
Lieut. English, and Mr. Davis.
A committee on Federal Relations—consisting of Col. Watkins, of N. Y., Col. Cameron, of N. J., Col. Zulick, of Pa., Col. Thompson, of Ohio, Col. Cogswell, of Mass., and Col. Ewing of Term., was also appointed, and after a brief absence made a decidedly rich and racy report.
I did not obtain a copy, but the Reporter of tthe Herald, who was present, was furnished with the original, and will doubtless incorporate it into his report, where such of your readers as are interested can find it. Speeches were made by Col. Barnum; Col. Robinson, Gen. Kilpatrack, Col. Benedict, and others, whose names I did not ascertain, and witty remarks and laughable burlesques on Georgia manners and southern debates were in … all present enjoyed the momentary relaxation from duty.
I made a brief sketch of the proceedings at the time, but on looking it over I find it too long for incorporation into a letter, and the keenest witticisms lose their force, unless all the attending circumstances and remarks which called them out, are also given.
Our route, as I have before intimated, lay through the insignificant village of Millen, which derives its only notoriety, so far as I can learn, from being the locality selected by the confederate government for confining the union prisoners captured by the rebels.
It was hoped that we might succeed in reaching the place before the rebels became aware of our intentions and the hope was indulged that we might possibly release a portion, if not all the prisoners confined there; but our hopes were not realized. A few days before Gen. Kilpatrick reached Millen the rebels became alarmed and removed all the prisoners to Charleston (where we expect eventually to follow and release them.)
In company with several officers of the 8th Brigade, I visited the pen, or stockade, in which our prisoners were confined, and carefully examined it.
The pen is located about two miles from the village, in the midst of a pine forest, and the ground is well adapted for the purpose intended.
The land gently slopes from each side to the centre, and a large creek, runs through the ground, in which a sluce-way and waste-gate have been erected, to confine the water, and when desired let it out in a flood, to wash away all the filth accumulated in the camp.
A handsome grove of small trees stands upon each side of the creek, and the balance of the ground is bare, but hard and sandy soil.
As near as could be estimated, the amount of land enclosed is between 60 and 80 acres, and the whole is surrounded by a stockade of pine logs about 24 feet high, and nearly as large as a man's body.
The logs are set into the ground, and stand in an upright position, and the work is very uniform, and well done.
The enclosure appears to be a perfect square, and on each side are ten towers for sentinels, approached by ladders both inside and out.
Some twenty feet outside the stockade a row of stands had been erected for watch fires, for which the plentiful supply of pitch pine in that vicinity, furnished abundant excellent material, but these stands had been burned by our men before I reached the ground.
Inside of the stockade a railing extended the whole length of the walls, affording a space of about ten feet for the walk of the sentinels, between the walls and the enclosure intended for the prisoners.
Near one side of the stockade a row of brick ovens were erected, for baking and cooking the food for the prisoners. These structures are ordinary looking ovens, with the addition of a couple of large kettles on one side, for boiling purposes, and were evidently constructed by skilful workmen.
In the vicinity of these ovens a row of huts were erected, covered with sods and earth, in which it is surmised our men were quartered, but there were not more huts than would be required for a regiment or two at the farthest, and although the huts were shabby affairs, I am inclined to believe they were occupied by the rebels who guarded the prisoners or perhaps by the cooks detailed to work at the ovens.
One dead body, evidently that of a union prisoner, was found in one of the huts, and buried by our men. The poor fellow had probably died but a short time previous, as the body was in a good state of preservation, and as he was probably too unwell to leave camp with his fellow prisoners, was left there to die alone. There were no papers found on his body but his clothes were evidently those of a union prisoner.
No tents, or camps of any description were discovered in the stockade, nor were any traces of tents to be seen and I am inclined to the belief that nothing whatever was furnished as a covering for the prisoners, except the garments they wore, or the blankets and overcoats they happened to have in their possession.
Near the main entrance was found stocks, for the head and feet, for the punishment of refractory prisoners, but no other evidences of cruelty was discovered, at least so far as I could ascertain.
In fact justice impels me to say that, all things considered, the whole arrangement of the stockade, and its locality was as favorable as could be desired for a camp, and so far as could be discovered no evidences of inhumanity or cruelty were apparent.
Near the main stockade I have attempted to describe, another stockade, on a smaller scale, probably intended for the confinement of officers, was in process of erection, but operations were interrupted by the arrival of our troops.
This stockade was much smaller, and contained several log houses, and other conveniences, showing it was intended for another class of prisoners. The structure was not more than half completed, and when I left it the whole was a mass of flames, the fire having probably been set by our troops.
While some members of the 149th were in the stockade they found in a locality recently used for hospital, a memorandum containing the name of Michael Rohan, a private of Co. I of that regiment, who was taken prisoner on the night of the 20th of September, and has not been heard from since. Those who found the memorandum infer that it is a record of his death, but I do not discover any such evidence in the document. I will send you the slip of paper, however, and his friends can see all the evidence of his death that has been discovered.
FORAGE AND RATIONS
Were abundant and excellent along the whole route. Regular foraging parties were organizey by the Brigade and Regimental cammanders [sic], and the men lived on the fat of the land during the whole route. Sweet potatoes, turnips, cabbages, sugar cane, beef, pork, poultry, mutton, sorghum syrup, honey, and in fact every necessary and luxury that could be desired. were found in abundance, and converted to our use. Every man who had industry and enterprise enough to look out for himself fared well, and required no government rations to supply his wants.
The supply of corn for animals was also abundant, and easily obtained. Only in few instances was it necessary to leave the road-side to fill our wagons with all the animals required. Coarse fodder was also found in abundance, in the form of corn leaves, bound in small sheaves, and carefully stored in barn or stacked in the fields.
Neither animals nor men were stinted in their rations, but all that could be eaten was supplied, and in addition the teamsters made beds of the corn leaves for both themselves and the animals in their charge.
As we neared our destination and approached the Rice fields near the Savannah River, Rice Straw took the place of corn leaves for long forage, and we are now using immense quantities of straw in our trains.
About eight miles from Savannah Col. Barnum took possession of an extensive Rice Plantation on the bank of the river, and put in operation a large Rice Mill propelled by steam power. A drove of negroes belonging to the plantation were set at work, and food, for men and animals was ground out in the greatest abundance. After running it a few days, and supplying the Brigade with such supplies as the mill afforded, the property was taken possession of by the Corps Commissary, and is now in operation under his direction, for tike benefit of the whole Corps.
A liberal supply of pork, sweet potatoes and poultry was also obtained by Col. Barnum from the same plantation, and some of the turkeys are fattening for Christmas dinners.
MULES AND HORSES
In the greatest abundance, and of a superior quality were obtained in Middle Georgia. We started from Atlanta with a collection of half starved and scrawny animals, and our horses now present a fine an assortment of live stock as can be found in any country. The draft animals are all mules, and large, noble, well-fed stock was found on every plantation, and placed in our trains instead of the "played out" mules we commenced our journey with. Horses were also found in abundance, and some very fine animals were captured, and are now in use. I will not attempt to compute the number of animals obtained on the march, but nothing less than thousands will approximate to the amount.
THOUSANDS OF CONTRABANDS
Flocked to our troops and trains at all points on our line of march. Darkies of all ages, sizes and sexes came pouring in a motley stream, at every step, and accompanied us to our present location, about four miles from Savannah. Some of the most amusing as well as some of the most distressing scenes presented on our route were exhibited by the contraband army that accompanied us. The women were most conspicuous, because the men were nearly all employed in some capacity about the trains. Every white driver had at least one darkey assistant, and in many cases the contraband drove the women and children had no employment, and traveled on foot the whole distance, over sandy plains, and through the swamps, with as mush fortitude as the soldiers. Sometimes the mother of a family would obtain one of our discarded mules, and seating her whole family on the back of the animal and placing her bundle of clothing on her head, she marched forward leading the mule with a rope halter, making a graphic picture for a comic almanac.
Occasionally the fun-loving boys would get a crowd of darkies together and insist on having a concerts, and the darkies seldom refused to humor the audience. Some of these extempore concerts would throw Christy's Minstrels completely into the shade for comic exhibitions. At other points in the same camp perhaps prayer-meetings and preaching was going forward, with all the zeal and devotion that forms a prominent feature in the negro character.
It was also interesting to notice the rough kindness with which the soldiers treated the poor creatures who sought protection on their rugged road to freedom. The boys would use harsh language and insulting epithets, yet they divided their rations with the darkies, paid them liberally for washing and other services, and in every possible manner treated them with generous kindness.
It is proper to say that this movement of contrabands was entirely voluntary on their part. It is probably true that in some instances slaves were forced to tell where their master's mules and hordes were concealed, and in some cases, when more animals were obtained than the foraging party could take care of, black men were required to ride the animals into our camp, but in all such cases, that came to my knowledge, the slave was given the privilege of returning home to his master, or go forward with us, and in nearly every case the darkey chose freedom rather than slavery.
During our march it was often a matter of discussion what disposition could possibly be made of the "Ebony Brigade," that had accumulated so rapidly on our flanks, but the question was soon solved on our arrival here by an order directing us to send all the negroes forward to be employed in making a corduroy road from our present location to the place where our supplies are landed. These dark cloud vanished from us, under the operation of this order, and now no darky can be found, except such as are employed as cooks, teamsters and waiters. We hear that the road is progressing finely, and the arrival of several wagon loads of mail matter over it, affords another convincing proof that communication is opened, and the darkies have done their part towards accomplishing the desirable result.
During the whole of our trip was delightful. We had not more than three or four days of rainy weather, and even now, Dec. 16th, the sun is shining brightly, and the weather is as warm and pleasant as a northern June day. The fine weather we were favored with assisted materially in the success of our enterprise and enables us to move forward rapidly
... few day's soaking rain.
THE HEALTH OF THE MEN
during the campaign thus far, has been excellent. Before we left Atlanta an effort was made to cull out all the ordinary "dead beats" of the army, and every man who was suspected of being unable to stand the fatigue of the campaign was sent to the rear. This effort purged the army pretty effectually of its usual burdens, and our wagons could be used for other purposes than hauling "bummers," who neither possess the capacity or inclination to help themselves.
THE PRESENT SITUATION
of the Third Brigade is on the bank of the Savannah river, about four miles from the city, with two rebel forts in front of our works, and a canal leading to rice fields between us and the rebel forts, the lines are not more than four hundred yards apart, but the canal and rugged character of the ground, as well as the breastworks, forts, and chevaux-de-frieze (sharpened sticks) with which the rebel works are protected, render an attempt to take the forts a rather dangerous undertaking.
Other portions of our line extend southward in front of Savannah, and along the line of a canal which crosses the peninsula from the Savannah to the Ogeechee rivers.
Our communication with the fleet is made in the Ogeechee river, and supplies are landed for our use near Fort McAllister, from whence they are hauled in wagons about sixteen miles to our camp.
Everything, thus far, has progressed as favorably as could be expected, and we have every confidence that we shall soon have possession of Savannah and be prepared to make farther advances through the rebel confederacy. In fact, some of the most sanguine among us begin to talk about taking Richmond on our route, unless the usual "quiet" of the Army of the Potomac is soon disturbed.
THE 149TH REGIMENT
is in good condition, and the men enjoying good health and spirits. The culling process I have already mentioned was applied to the 149th by Dr. Adams, who furnishes me the following list of the men left behind on account of physical disability:
Company A—Charles Williams, Walter Dixon.
Company B—Fred. Bulle, John Strong.
Company C—George Miller.
Company D—Wm. Stranger, John Kiggins, Michael Holihan.
Company E—Alex. Lastaway, Lizidore Parisor.
Company F—George Felt.
Company G—Geo. B. Harwood.
Company K—James L. Landon.
On the route, about the 1st of December, a new recruit, named Louis Snyder, of Co. A, died in one of the ambulances, of typhoid fever.
On the 14th of December, a piece of shell from the rebel forts, struck Ezra Hall, of Co. H. in the right breast, producing a severe, but not fatal wound.
… were detailed to take charge of surplus baggage sent to Nashville, and were consequently sent back to perform that duty.
Michael Holihan, a teamster of the 149th, was shot in a soldiers row a night or two before our departure from Atlanta, and badly wounded. He was also sent to the rear for treatment.
The above are all the items of interest from the 149th.
We are all feeling well and full of confidence and hope for the future.
Yours,for the Union, M. S.
SWORD AND PEN.
SAVANNAH, GEO., Dec. 25, 1864
DEAR STANDARE:—To-day is Christmas, and being a holiday, I have a few moments leisure, —the first I have known since I entered the city.
You have already been informed that the 149th regiment was among the first to enter Savannah. The 3d brigade, discovered the retreating movements of the rebels, and our pickets followed close upon the enemy's heels into the city, and even chased the rebels to the pontoon, which was laid across the river into South Carolina.
Col. Barnum, of course led his own brigade into the city, and Gen. Geary and his Staff, being apprised by Col. Barnum of the movements of the enemy, also accompanied the troops into the city.
Gen. Slocum and Staff followed soon after daylight, and Gen. Williams, commanding 20th Corps, followed close after Gen. Slocum. Other brigades and divisions of the 20th Corps, moved forward, and by noon the whole army had occupied the city, and a systematic arrangement of military districts was made, and each division, brigade and regiment, was assigned to a particular locality.
You have been informed that we had opened communication with the fleet, by the way of the Ogeechee river. But the facilities for landing and transporting goods up the river were not sufficient, and as soon as Savannah surrendered the Ogeechee river route was abandoned.
The Savannah river is supposed to be somewhat obstructed, and our largest class steamers and vessels have not yet approached the docks; but smaller steamers have passed up the river, and supplies for the troops are being landed in abundance.
The rebels left all their artillery behind them including some heavy pieces in Fort Jackson, which was also evacuated, and a large quantity of ammunition is scattered in every direction about the city. We also found a good supply of forage for animals, (of which our 3d brigade obtained its full share) put provisions with the exception of rice, were very scarce.
The inhabitants, with very few exceptions, remain, and most of them pretend to be pleased to see us in town, and already I hear of a project started among the citizens for bringing the State back into Union.
Savannah is a beautiful city, and there are many of the buildings are splendid structures. There are numbers of fine Parks in various localities, and some of the streets are wide and handsomely ornamented with southern shade trees.
The city is surrounded with an immense swamp, which is not drained by the river, but the land is so low that back water actually settles into the swamp at high tide. This marshy land cannot fail to render the surrounding country very unhealthy, and although Savannah itself is located on a bluff overlooking the river, it is understood the yellow fever generally visits the city, and carries off its victims every summer.
The soil is very sandy, without stones, and all the pavements of the city are made of materals [sic] brought from the north. Very few streets are paved, and the rest are almost knee deep of sand, making disagreeable traveling.
Our White Star Division is in command of the city. Gen. Geary is Military Commandant of the Post. Capt. Parker, Division Quartermaster, is Post Quartermaster. Capt. Seymour, of the 149th is Provost Marshal, and with all due modesty, I have the pleasure of announcing that Capt. M. Summers, A. Q. M., is conducting a newspaper called the "Loyal Georgian." Col. Barnum presides over a district of the city, and the 149th regiment is quartered in one of the principal streets, and the boys occupy the best houses they could find unoccupied.
I have no particular intelligence to communicate from the 149th, except several promotions which I have not yet been able to obtain a list of. I learn however, that Hospital Steward Ed Failing, has been commissioned Assistant Surgeon, of the 102d. He is a clever young man and richly deserves promotion.
By order from the Provost Marshal, I have taken possession of the newspaper offices of the city, and commenced the publication of the "Loyal Georgian." The first No. was issued yesterday, and from the rush for copies I should judge it takes well. It is pretty difficult to get up interesting matter for a daily here, as I have no exchanges to scissors from, but we will do the best we can, and make the sheet as interesting as possible.
Already are the citizens moving for the admission of the State into the Union, and a project is on foot for establishing a National Bank, by a couple of Insurance Companies, who are said to have about three millions capital.
So you discover things are moving, and we expect to be moving again soon.
Yours for the Union, M. S.
SWORD AND PEN.
SAVANNAH, Ga., Dec. 29, 1864.
DEAR STANDARD:—We are still in Savannah, but evident preparations are in progress for the commencement of another campaign, and of course the 20th Corps will have another chance in the movement, although some of our officers and men are foolish enough to suppose we may remain here to govern the place.
Savannah was really taken and occupied by the 3d Brigade, 2d Division of the 20th Corps, and guards stationed about the streets before any other Brigade entered the city, but nevertheless, ... place, although we may win it. But we are all in favor of a "vigorous prosecution," and therefore must not whine when the order comes to go forward.
On the establishment of military authority in Savannah, it was found necessary to divide the city into districts, and Col. Barnum was given one district for his supervision as Marshal. Capt. Seymour is general Provost Marshal of the city, and is as full of liveliness as you can imagine.
Everything is going on prosperously here. The port is not yet free from all obstructions in the harbor, but vessels of the lighter class come up to the dock, and supplies are reasonably plenty. The harbor, which is obstructed by pens made of heavy timbers, and sunk to the bottom by paving stones from the streets and sidewalks of the city, will soon be entirely free from all obstacles, and then we may expect an abundance of everything.
However, it is no novelty even now to see crowds of jolly tars in our streets, who come up to the city from the fleet, and enjoy a few hours leisure by looking at the novelties which abound in Savannah.
My business, for the past week especially, has thrown me into contact with the people of Savannah, and I certainly find them very friendly and hospitable. Already have they taken measures for making Savannah a free city, and yielding submission to the laws of the United States; and they also urge upon the Governor of Georgia, and the authorities of other cities in the Confederacy, the propriety of burying their prejudices, and behaving decently in the future. A meeting to consider the subject was held yesterday, at which the Mayor presided, and strong resolutions were adopted, a copy of which I will send you.
For several days past I have been exceedingly busy in printing, publishing and editing the "Loyal Georgian." We found two very fine newspaper offices here, both of which were in order for work, and I took possession of one of the offices, and issued a paper on the third day after our arrival. A small stock of paper was found and seized, and the publication of the paper proved a great success. The novelty of the movement, and the fortunate arrival of late and important news from Gen. Thomas, all combined to create a demand, and the circulation was absolutely unprecedented. In fact, the press—a Hoe cylinder, run by steam—could not print fast enough to supply the customers who crowded about the doors of the office. Of course it was understood that this was only a temporary affair, so far as I was concerned; as my duties would not permit me to devote time to such an enterprise, and as Mr. Hays, a correspondent of the Tribune, was desirous of establishing himself permanently here, I yielded up the establishment to him, and continue to give him all the assistance my time will permit.
The novelty of the paper has not worn off, and the circulation still keeps up, being limited only by the capacity of the press to print copies as fast as they are called for. The stock of paper is nearly exhausted, and a supply must be obtained from the North. Advertisements are rather scarce, as no citizens are doing business, and it will be some time before business will be resumed.
The expense of printing a newspaper in this city will be enormous, when paper and other materials must be paid for. As an illustration I will mention the price of gas, which is furnished at ten dollars per thousand feet, and my gas bill amounted to a trifle over eleven dollars per night. Paper and other things are in proportion, with but little prospect of a reduction for some time to come.
Another paper will be started soon by a couple of gentlemen who have been publishing a paper at Hilton Head, called the Palmetto Herald. Mr. Sawyer, a correspondent of the New York Herald, will have an interest in the new paper. They will occupy the other newspaper office in Savannah, and use the press, but I understand they have type of their own at Hilton Head.
A former resident of Oswego, named George Johnson, is at Hilton Head, engaged in the newspaper business, and I believe he is also interested in a sutler's establishment. He called upon me a day or two since, and we had a pleasant visit, talking over old times.
The weather has been decidedly pleasant for Northern people. The nights are somewhat damp and chilly, but the days are delightfully agreeable. Nothing like snow or ice has appeared, and the accounts of snow storms and skating entertainments in the Northern papers sound strangely to us down here.
Some heavy rain-storms have visited us, however, and I presume we may expect much more of the same sort before the winter is over. But our word is onward, regardless of the elements or any other obstructions.
I regret to record the death of Johnson Burrell, of the 149th, which occured [sic] a day or two since. He was unloading from a wagon some rebel muskets recently captured, and drew one of them toward him by the barrel, when the trigger caught something, and the piece was discharged, the ball passing through his body near the shoulder. He was not supposed to be fatally injured, but he died at the hospital the next day after the accident occurred. I believe he resided in the 5th ward, Syrscuse [sic], and has a family there. Another member of the 149th, McPhillips, a new recruit, was conducting himself badly while under the influence of liquor, and refusing to desist, the sentinel shot him, inflicting a serious but not fatal wound. The same ball that wounded McPhillips also killed an Irish woman named Bridget O'Reily, who was standing near.
Aside from the unfortunate occurrences, the 149th is in good condition, and the men are in fine health and spirits, and ready for another campaign through the land of sweet potatoes, bacon and poultry.
A rather funny incident occurred here night before last, which I think is too good to be lost. A small schooner, which is supposed to have been running the blockade regularly for some time past, arrived outside with a cargo of sugar, coffee and ... of the fact that Savannah was in our hands, the captain brought his vessel cautiously through the Yankee fleet, and arrived safe at the dock in Savannah, congratulating himself on so shrewdly outwitting the Yankees, but on coming on shore he was astonished to find that the city was under federal control, and he had sailed into a trap from which there was no escape. He made a virtue of necessity, and voluntarily turned over his vessel and cargo, to the agent of the Treasury Department.
The obstructions in the river are being removed, and vessels and steamers of the larger class will soon be moored at the wharves. Supplies will then be abundant, and the troops will soon be equipped for another campaign.
We have had several Corps reviews, and our troops, notwithstanding the fatiguing march are looking well. Yesterday the 20th Corps was reviewed, and I venture to say that no troops even on a gala day in the north, could have made a better appearance. Gen. Slocum, compliments the Corps very highly, and it is understood that Gen. Sherman emphatically expressed his admiration. The 149th was fully up to the mark, and its marching, and the soldierly bearing of the men was particularly noticed.
We all understand that these Corps reviews mean something ahead, and the wise ones will not fail to make immediate preparations for another campaign. Before long the boys will all have a new suit of clothes, and with haversacks and wagons filled with hard-tack "we're all of for Charleston, early in the morning."
I notice in some of the papers a disposition to rob Sherman's army of a portion of its well earned laurels, and give Gen. Foster credit for opening the communication for supplies. Now, we protest most emphatically against this attempt to belittle our operations. We claim that Sherman's army not only passed unassisted through the State of Georgia, but opened a communication with the fleet by way of the Ogeechee river, by the capture of Fort McAllister, and the first that was known of the communication being open was the appearance of Gen. Sherman in person on board one of the vessels of the fleet. The General passed down the Ogeechee in a small boat found moored to the shore, and manned by his own soldiers. The taking of Fort McAllister opened the last link in the chain, and established our line of communication.
I have not yet had time to look about the city and admire its beauties, but as I have relinquished the newspaper business, I hope to have a little more leisure to visit the various points of interest, and perhaps give your readers a sketch of my impressions of the city.
I notice there are newspaper correspondents and Artists for Illustrated papers in the city, and I have no doubt the northern papers or pictorials will soon be filled with news from Savannah, and sketches of the most interesting localities and buildings.
Our mail facilities are not very well established, as yet, but an agent of the Post Office Department is here to-day, and I understand the Post Office will be opened in full this afternoon.
SWORD AND PEN.
Savannah, Jan. 9th, 1865.
DEAR STANDARD:—But few matters of local interest have occurred in this region since the date of my last letter. Some "contraband" intelligence is floating about, but you will hear of that in due season, and I will not attempt to anticipate.
Several Syracusians who have settled in the "Department of the South," have called upon me, and we have had very pleasant visits, Dr. E. T. Wright, who is located on a farm plantation at Hilton Head, spent a few days in Savannah, on business and pleasure, and I had a very agreeable visit with him. Mr. J. E. White, formerly clerk in Whitlock's Dry Goods Store, Syracuse, is also at Hilton Head, and is making efforts to obtain a permit to open trade here. He will probably be successful, and will soon offer the Savannah public a variety of goods. Major Salsbury, of Syracuse, Paymaster U. S. Vols. is here now on a visit to Col. Barnum and his clerk, Mr. Hubbel, of Geddes, is with him. All the Syracusians I have seen are enjoying good health, and are pleased with the country and their own prospects.
There seems to be a shade of doubt at present, whether our Division of the 20th corps will remain here or move with the army. I am very confident we will soon be on our "winding way," but many of the officers of the Division are of the impression that Gen. Geary will remain as Military commandant of the city, and his Division will continue to garrison the place. I am inclined to think, however, that the "wish is father to the thought," and you may expect soon to hear from us only through rebel sources, as on our last campaign.
It may not be a pleasant reflection, but it is nevertheless true, that residence in a city, demoralizes troops, and the conduct of some of the officers and men have been rather disgraceful. I do not mean that violence has been offered to citizens—on the contrary the best feeling seems to prevail between soldiers and citizens, but occasional departures from propriety and sobriety, are witnessed that mortify the friends of the parties, and bring disgrace upon the army. Away from cities, where whiskey cannot be obtained such scenes are not enacted.
I am glad to perceive that my valued friend General E. A. Merrit, formerly a fellow campaigner, has been selected to fill the post of Quartermaster General of the State, on the staff of the new Governor. This is an admirable appointment. Gen. Merrit is perfectly familiar with all the duties of the office, and his energy and perseverance never flags. Besides all this he is a companionable gentleman and will put on no unnecessary airs, to frighten verdant Regimental Quartermasters who have business to transact with him. Governor Fenton has shown his appreciation of real merit, in his selection of Q. M. General, and I have no doubt the other members of his staff are equally meritorious.
The second loyal newspaper in Georgia, will be issued in a day or two by Messrs. Mason. & ... gentleman, well qualified to make a live paper. His associate, Mr. Mason, is a practical printer, full of energy and perseverance, and will make the enterprise successful, if industry and economy can accomplish it.
I learn that several of our men arrived here yesterday from Nashville, but I have not seen them. They were probably sick or wounded men who were sent back from the Atlanta campaign. Several of the officers of the 149th are still absent, but are expected here every day.
The 149th Regiment is in good condition, and the boys all enjoying city life. Very little sickness prevails, and all are in good spirits, cheerful and hopeful of the results of the next campaign.
Yours for the Union, M.S.
SWORD AND PEN.
HEADQUARTERS 3D BRIGADE, 2D DIVISION, 20TH A. C.
IN THE FIELD SOUTH CAROLINA,
March 12th, 1865.
DEAR STANDARD:—I learn there is a prospect of our communicating with the civilized world, when we arrive at Fayetteville, N. C., and as we are now travelling [sic] "on the plank" leading to that place, I embrace the opportunity afforded by a few moments delay of the train to write a brief line to the readers of the Standard; more for the purpose of letting them know that we "still live," than for the purpose of attempting to convey any important information.
In brief then, permit me to say, that our march through South Carolina, has thus far been a completely successful one in every respect. We have met but little or no opposition, and encountered no insurmountable obstacle. The weather during a portion of the march was decidedly against us, and we have crossed over six large rivers, (the Savannah, North and South Edisto, Saluda Broad, Wateree and Great Pedee,) and innumerable small streams and swamps, some of which are almost impossible in the best of weather, but by untiring energy and perseverance we have forced our way through over some three hundred miles, without halting a single day or sustaining any losses, either of men, wagons, animals, or munitions of war.
In a strictly military point of view our success has been still more important and decided. We have entered every town and city laid down in the original programme of the campaign, and have met with no opposition worthy of notice. The 3d Brigade with General Barnum at their head, drove the rebel cavalry out of Lexington, and entered the town, while the Seventeenth Corps were making a similar successful demonstration on Columbia. It is the capital if South Carolina, and the city where the first official act of secession was adopted. The city of Columbia was laid in ashes, by the 18th and 17th corps, and I regret to learn that some excesses were committed, but when it is remembered that the men were particularly incensed against the people of South Carolina, as the leaders and originators of the rebellion, it is not surprising that a vindictive feeling should be manifested.
It will be seen by looking at the map, that we ... ary base for supplies at Newbern, N. C., by way of the railroad through Kinston to Goldsboro.
We think we can reasonably claim as the result of our movement, the evacuation of Charleston, and even the occupation of Wilmington by the Union forces, but whether these claims are admitted or not we have at least cleared a space of about 60 miles in width through the heart of the Southern Confederacy, and cut all their important internal communications, and in fact caused them to evacuate all the country from the coast to our line of march.
Among the important towns through which we passed, we may mention Blackville, Lexington, Columbia, Chesterfield, Cheraw, and we are now nearing Fayetteville, which communicates with the coast by the Cape Fear River.
Our campaign has been much rougher and more difficult than the Georgia campaign, but nevertheless the men have lived well and our animals are in good condition. We have found plenty of supplies and forage, and I have at this moment six days rations in the Brigade wagons, which can be made to last three times six days on a pinch.
We have not obtained as many fine animals and negroes on this as on the Georgia campaign, as the slaves and animals were run out of our line of march, whenever it was known, and I presume a large number of both slaves and animals had been impressed or sent into the rebel service.
The health of our men is remarkable. Notwithstanding the fatigue and night and day marches, and labor building corduroy roads, the boys are all fat and hearty, and as black as negroes in consequence of exposure to the dense, pitchy smoke of the fires of pitch-pine logs. You will remember that we are now in the heart of the tar manufacturing regions, and the trees are so full of pitch that a green tree standing in the woods will actually burn down if a match is applied to it.
The 149th Regiment is partially healthy, and I believe no case of death has occurred, except that of Robert Faulkner, who was accidentally killed by the failing of a tree upon him near the banks of the Edisto River, where he was engaged in making a bridge. He was serving in the ranks of our Pioneers, and was a good soldier and clever man. He undertook to obtain his knapsack, which laid under a falling tree, but was not able to get out of the way in time, and was killed instantly.
We are all terribly ragged, and I doubt whether our citizens would own such a set of ragamuffins as we are, but our health is prime, and we expect to obtain new clothes at Goldsboro, some fifty-five miles farther forward on our march.
There are rumors of the enemy being in strong force on the banks of the Cape Fear River, but we pay little attention to such reports, and have no fear of the enemy, no matter on what river he is entrenched.
After fitting up a little at Goldsboro, we expect to start for Richmond, by way of Weldon.
Yours for the Union, M. S.
SWORD AND PEN.
IN THE FIELD, NORTH CAROLINA,
March 14, 1865.
Dear Standard:—Another chance to send a brief line to your readers presents itsself [sic], and I embrace the opportunity.
We entered Fayetteville, N. C., day before yesterday, and left the town last evening. It is a handsome little village of about 5,000 inhabitants and it is understood there are a large number of Union residents in the place. The village was not injured, and only one building was burned, which contained the Secesh Printing office of the Fayetteville Observer. The building and office was destroyed, by order of Gen. Sherman.
An extensive and very fine Artillery Barracks, near the village, was also destroyed by order. This establishment was a very elegant and costly one, and was erected by the United States Government, but has been recently used by the confederates for the manufacture of munitions of war. About sixty acres were enclosed and evidently no expense was spared to make it one of the finest institututions [sic] of the kind.
As I have already remarked, we found considerable Union sentiment in the village of Fayetteville, and many of the citizens are taking the opportunity afforded by the departure of boats down the river to leave for the north by way of Wilmington. You will also recollect that the Standard had formerly some subscribers in this place, but I could not remember the names, and therefore failed to find them. I have no doubt they are still here.
We are expecting to receive some commissary stores here, and in anticipation of their arrival we are now delaying our departure for a day or two, and have encamped about four miles from the village on the other side of Cape Fear River. But we will probably proceed immediately to our destination, whether we receive supplies or not, as we have an ample store to last until we "strike a base."
We receive but little intelligence from the north, and that little comes to us through rebel sources, but I learn that a batch of New York and Philadelphia papers arrived here by the boat last evening. The sight of a New York paper would be the greatest treat we could have.
A rumor reaches us this morning that Petersburg has been evacuated and some even say that Lee has left Richmond.
A Baptist clergyman, with whom I conversed a few days ago, very positively asserted that Lee would evacuate Richmond on our approach, and make his final stand and grand battle at Danville, near the Virginia and North Carolina line. I give you his statement as he told it to me, without comment on its probability.
But the mail leaves in a few minutes and I must close.
We are all in good health, and confident of the result.
Yours for Union, M. S.
At the Front.
Correspondence of the Daily Standard.
RALEIGH, N. C., April 24th, 1865.
Two weeks ago to-day the army of Gen. Sherman broke camp at Goldsboro and marched against Johnston, arriving here with little or no opposition on the following Thursday. It lies here still, a giant in repose, but ready for any movement that circumstances may render expedient or necessary, and fully believing itself able to perform successfully whatever work may be assigned it to accomplish. But the firm belief among officers and men is that they have "fought their last battle," and that the next movement will be to march to Washington or Frederick City, preparatory to being mustered out of service. In view of this prospect, a general feeling of satisfaction pervades the army, which finds expression in various ways. Johnston, it is supposed, still lies in his entrenchments at Greensboro, awaiting the decision of the President upon the terms of peace which were agreed upon between himself and General Sherman, and which went forward to Washington five days since in charge of Major Hitchcock, one of Gen. Sherman's staff officers. The return of this messenger is hourly anticipated.
THE TERMS OF SETTLEMENT.
It is understood that one of the conditions mutually agreed upon between Sherman and Johnston, was the recognition by the President of the rebellious state governments. This policy it is believed will find no favor at Washington. It has few supporters in the army, and none at all among the truly loyal inhabitants of the South. Both the Union papers here—the Progress and the Standard—protest against the policy as unjust and inexpedient. They are very anxious for peace, but not on terms that would leave them again at the mercy of the politicians under whose arbitrary rule they have been suffering every hardship and indignity for the past four years. They insist, and very justly too, that the Government shall afford them protection while they need it; that is, during the process of bringing the rebel states back into the Union. This work once fairly accomplished, they will neither require nor ask for any further military support. In their present defenceless condition they would regard the acceptance by the Government of Johnston's proposition as an abandonment of its duty to them, as well as detrimental to the interests of the country at large.
REVIEW OF THE ARMY.
The various corps of the army having nothing to engage their attention otherwise, the work of reviewing them has been going on since last Thursday. On that day the 23d Corps was brought out. This Corps contains a division of colored troops, numbering five thousand muskets. The appearance of these men was highly favorable to them and to their commanding officers, and extorted flattering compliments on every side, as with firm steps and closed ranks they marched to the music of the Union. It was a spectacle never seen at the North—much less at the South, and must have excited strange sensations in the breasts of the rebels who witnessed it. The next day the 15th Corps was assed under review, and, like the 23d, made a creditable exhibition. On Saturday, the 20th (General Slocum's) made its appearance. This corps did the hardest fighting of any other during the march from Savannah to Goldsboro yet none of the six corps of which this army is composed is in better condition or more buoyant spirits.
An immense number of people witnessed the review, and the universal sentiment was that the palm for soldierly bearing must be awarded to the 20th corps. But one division exhibited any signs of neglect on the part of its commanding officers, and this I forbear mentioning. The 149th regiment attracted much attention, and made good its claim to be regarded as among the crack regiments of the 20th corps. As the character of every military organization depends materially upon its commanding officers, we must consider Gen. Barnum as entitled to much of the credit for this satisfactory state of the 149th. Since Maj. Grumback has been in command, he has not relaxed his exertions to keep up the good name of the regiment, and has proved himself worthy of his position in every respect. By the way, I should not omit to state that the regiment has excellent camping ground in the outskirts of the town, and that the members are with few exceptions in excellent health. Among those in Hospital I regret to mention Lieut. McKinstry, but his case is not regarded with any alarm.
UNION SENTIMENTS IN RALEIGH.
There is a strong Union sentiment in Raleigh, which finds expression though the columns of the journals above mentioned. Many of the leading citizens here have been outspoken in favor of the government all through the rebellion, and are now engaged in promoting every proper measure for restoring the State to its old condition of loyalty to the federal constitution. Vance, the rebel Governor has fled, and is a fugitive from justice; but several of the state officers refuse to follow his example, but remain here to aid in the work of restoration now soon to begin. North Carolina never contained a majority of secessionists, and the state will be among the first to renounce the confederacy and all its wicked acts, and return to its allegiance.
GENERALS GRANT AND MEADE AT THE FRONT.
Word comes that Major Hitchcock, the peace messenger to Washington, reached here during last night, accompanied by Generals Grant and Meade. Of course the Lieut. General has carte blanche in relation to the terms of settlement. The General this morning reviewed the 17th corps, and afterwards held a levee at the quarters of Gen. Blair, which was attended by a large number of officers and others. While passing through the streets after the review, he was loudly cheered by the soldiers and citizens who thronged the sidewalks for a long distance.
REJECTION OF THE TERMS AT WASHINGTON—FORWARD
Orders have been received from Headquarters to prepare for marching early in the morning. This indicates the rejection of the terms agreed upon at the conference, and an immediate "movement upon the enemy's works." Gen. Grant's mission here is of course to take command of the army of the field, and direct its movements. If Johnston surrenders, as it is hoped he will, there will be no fighting. If he persists in holding out, he will have work in hand immediately, and such work, too, as neither he nor his command will be likely to relish. If the army moves I may follow in the wake, and make a note of the progress of events. A.
SWORD AND PEN.
RALEIGH. NORTH CAROLINA,
April 29, 1865.
DEAR STANDARD:—The war is ended, peace is declared from the Mississippi to the ocean, and we are all on our way home, via Richmond and Washington.
Since my last letter, Sherman's grand army made another demonstration on Johnston, and we moved about twelve miles in a south-westerly direction from Raleigh, towards the enemy. But Johnston, like a prudent commander came down at once and surrendered unconditionally.
Every thing is right now, and we are all pleased and gratified at the refusal of our government to ratify the conditions of the first proposition to surrender. Had these terms been acceeded [sic] to, and the former rebel State government been reinstated in power, we should all have felt that our labor had been in vain, and the rebels had really conquered in their hour of defeat. That such rascals as Governor Vance, of North Carolina, and Governor McGraw, of South Carolina, should be placed again in the seats they had dishonored, and be supported by union bayonets and countenanced by union authority, was too great an outrage to be borne with submission, and we all join in thankful praise of the wisdom, firmness and stern sense of justice that presented such a national calamity.
It was quite apparent to every candid observer that the rebels were entirely incapable of offering further resistance after the capitulation of Lee and his army, and no necessity whatever existed for recognizing the shadow of any rebel government, State or national, or offering any terms except unconditional surrender to every rebel in the confederacy.
But it is useless to waste words or breath about the rebel confederacy. The copperhead snake is dead. The tragedy is ended. The force of the rebel government is "played out," and the union public have condemned its authors and actors to everlasting infamy.
So far as we are able to discover the squelching of the rebellion is very satisfactory to the people of this State.
Union sentiments are very prevalent, and although I have no doubt many who now talk Unionism were carried away by the flow of treason that swept over the state, yet they have seen the error of their ways and been convinced of the impropriety of their conduct, and are now thorough and even enthusiastic Union men.
We leave here to-morrow morning on our route for home by way of Richmond, and we anticipate a very pleasant march over our old stamping groung [sic] in Virginia, between Richmond and Alexandria.
It would be decidedly agreeable for us to meet a party of our friends at Richmond, who could spare time for a short summer's campaign with us, and in the name of the 149th Regiment and 3rd Brigade, I hereby invite all our friends who can meet us to be at Richmond about the middle of May, and accompany us to Alexandria or Washington.
I can assure them that every thing in our power will be done to make the campaign pleasant and interesting, and every possible facility afforded for their convenience and comfort. Such an excursion would be a trip worth attentention [sic], and we earnestly hope a party from Onondaga county will be ready to join our triumphal procession as we leave the former rebel capital on our journey over the ground made classic by the battles and marches of the famous Army of the Potomac.
This invitation is given in all serious earnest and is cordially concurred in by Gen. Barnum and the officers of the 149th, and I can even venture to promise that Gen. Slocum, who commands the Army of Georgia, and Gen. Geary, who commands the 2nd Division of the 20th Corps, will be pleased to see our friends, and do all in their power to make the campaign interesting and agreeable.
I must not forget to mention the pleasing intelligence that was received here yesterday of the promotion of Captains Mosely and Tracy of Syracuse, to the rank of Brevet Majors. Their Brevet rank dates from the 19th of March, the date of the battle of Bentonville, in which both of these officers (members of Gen. Slocum's staff) displayed bravery and capacity that well entitle them to commendation, and on all occasions they have shown themselves good officers and courteous gentlemen.
I think Syracuse has abundant reason to be proud of her representatives in the armies of the Potomac and of Georgia, She has furnished her full quota of officers and enlisted men, and among the names of those who stand highest on the roll of fame, will be found those of representatives from Syracuse, and Onondaga county.
Another member of Gen. Slocum's staff, Major Gwindon, is also Brevetted as Lieutenant Colonel. He is not a resident of Syracuse, but is nevertheless well and favorably known to many of our citizens, both in and out of the army, and is one of the best officers and cleverest gentlemen in the service.
Several other Brevets were received the same day, but the recipients are not known to the citizens of Syracuse, and I will merely remark that the officers promoted are worthy gentlemen and excellent officers, and all had richly earned the honors bestowed upon them.
Mr. Agan left here during our absence out of town after Johnston, and I am not informed whether he returned home or intends to make a visit to Washington. He will probably reach home soon, however, if he is not already there. Mr. Agan appeared to enjoy his visit exceedingly, and we should have been pleased to have his company on our coming campaign.
In the 149th Regiment every thing is going off finely, Major Grumback has returned and taken command. During his absence Capt. Burhans, commanded the regiment from Savannah to Goldsboro, and it is due to Capt. B. to say that there is not a more intelligent or popular officer in the army.
Surgeon Kendall has also returned, and, by virtue of his rank, is acting as Brigade Surgeon. He remained behind at Savannah, and returns looking remarkably well.
Capt. E. D. Mursay, of Co. C, has also returned after a long absence, during which I learn he has filled several important staff offices, and although I have not yet met him, I learn that he is quite hearty and has evidently enjoyed himself during his absence.
Several enlisted men who were left behind with our baggage at Chattanooga and Stevenson, and afterwards moved back to Nashville, have returned to their command. They are all well and have evidently had an easy and pleasant time.
Several men who were taken prisoners during foraging excursions on the recent march from Savannah, have been heard from. They are paroled, and will probably get home before the rest of the regiment. Among them I remember only the names of ___ Schafer, Jonathan Emmons and Martin Joy.
I regret to hear of the death of Col. Dwight, of the 122d, and Major Doran, and Lt. Col. Root, of the cavalry. They were all brave and meritorious officers, and I had anticipated great pleasure in a future meeting with them at home. But "man proposes, God disposes."
In our triumph and joy we must not forget the brave and manly spirits that have been sacrificed on the altar of our country. Their memory shall be as lasting as the Union they have shed their blood to defend and perpetuate, and their fame as glorious as the starry emblems that shine on our country's banner.
Yours for the Union, M. S.
SWORD AND PEN.
Camp of the 3d Brigade, 20th Corps,
Near Washington, May 29th, 1865.
Dear Standard:--The past few days have been fruitful of incidents in the history of our star corps, and especially of the 149th regiment.
We have passed before the President and other civil and military dignitaries in grand review, and been greeted with the plaudits of the people and smiles of beauty. Such an ovation as met us has probably never been equaled [sic] in history, and we should certainly feel gratified and satisfied with the brilliant reception and enthusiastic welcome.
Crowds of friends from home met us on every corner, and hundreds have visited our camps and mingled with our men since the grand gala day, and all we have met were not only warm and kindly in their expressions of welcome but enthusiastic in their admiration of the achievements of our army, and afforded the most convincing proofs that our efforts and toils and struggles had been appreciated by a grateful people.
I cannot stop to enumerate the numbers who have called upon us. Their names is legion, and all exhibited pleasure at the meeting. But I cannot forbear mentioning the names of such men as Governor Fenton, Lt. Governor Alvord, Quartermaster Gen. Merrit, and Hon. Thos. T. Davis. These gentlemen visited our Brigade in the midst of a rain storm, but the boys all turned out to meet them, and Gov. Fenton made a brief and happy speech that sent a thrill of pleasure through the hearts of the soldiers, who know and appreciate that Governor F. is emphatically the soldiers friend.
Lt. Governor Alvord and Hon. Hon. Thos. T. Davis, also made brief and eloquent addresses to the 149th regiment, and the boys listened with interest and pleasure to the well remembered accents of these popular gentlemen.
I had the pleasure of a brief interview with them, and found them as hearty and warm-hearted as ever, and came away satisfied that time and absence had not effaced their memories or cooled the ardor of their friendship.
We are now located about four miles north of Washington on the Bladensburg road, and our camp is a pleasant one. Some delay was experienced in getting up our tents, and camp, and garrison equipage, clothing, &c., but everything is now nearly completed, and we are at work as busy as nailors, making out papers, preparatory to being mustered out of the service.
The 149th and 137th regiments terms having nearly expired will be sent home first, and paid off at home. They may be expected soon, but the veteran regiments will be detained longer, although I think all will soon be discharged.
A number of promotions have been made in the 149th, a list of which I intended to give you in this letter, but I must defer it until the next.
By request, I have sent the remains of Lieut. Davis, by Express to his friends in Walton, Mass. I am in haste to-day—will write again soon.
Yours for the restored Union. M. S.
SWORD AND PEN.
WASHINGTON, June 5, 1865.
DEAR STANDARD:—Military matters are lively here in some respects and deuced dull in others. The grand reviews are over, and people are settling down into the quiet of business and social life. The excitement naturally attending the collapse of the rebellion, and the military exhibitions and change following the close of the war, are fast subsiding, and even the trial of the assassinators of the President, and the expected arraignment of Jeff. Davis appear to create no particular sensation.
Spectators and operators of every kind and description are as busy as devils in a gale of wind, and whatever is to be made out of the Government in the purchase of live stock and other property, is pretty certain to be gobbled up without hesitation, even before those who took an active part in the war have an opportunity to take a hand in the game, even if they were disposed to try their luck in speculating,
It is probable some money will be made by capitalists, but I imagine the business of purchasing will not pay very well, as too much property will be thrown into the market to enable speculators to keep prices high enough for large profits.
In military matters just now there is apparently little doing, and military men are really working hard. In Sherman's Army, the returns and muster rolls were greatly in arrears and the line and staff officers are busy bringing their accounts up to data. This is particularly the case with those regiments whose term of service is about to expire, and in our Brigade the 137th and 149th will probably be ready to be mustered out in a few days.
There are over twenty regiments in the 26th Corps that will be discharged under the present order, and the probabilities are that the corps will be entirely broken up, and the remnants perhaps consolidated with other corps of the army.
The Western men of Sherman's army are being sent West by way of the Baltimore and Ohio, as fast as possible, and in a few days the Western troops will be transported away towards sundown, either to be mustered out of the service or sent to garrison the cities and towns of the South-west, with headquarters at Cincinnati or Louisville.
The veteran Eastern troops will be retained for the present, at least, and perhaps distributed about the late strong-holds of secession, but the general impression seems to be that the veterans also will soon be discharged, and the regular army and negro troops be increased sufficiently for all the purposes of the Government.
It is understood that the 6th Corps have arrived at or near Alexandria on the opposite side of the Potomac, and may be expected in Washington in a short time. The 122d regiment is in the 6th Corps, and our men anticipate great pleasure and gratification in meeting the gallant survivors of the 122d.
A project is on foot to arrange matters so that both the 122d and 149th will go home together, and I certainly hope the project will be successful. If our friends at home desire to give a reception, it will save trouble and expense to make it a union affair, and I believe citizens and soldiers will prefer a reception that will prevent even an opportunity for rivalry.
I presume the 180th regiment are already at home, and were joyfully received by the citizens. Their term of service was brief, but glorious, and Onondaga county may well be proud of them.
I notice by the Standard that Messrs. Garrison and Morgan are to cater for the regiments in camp at Syracuse, and I think I can promise these clever and enterprising gentlemen that boys are better prepared to appreciate their efforts to ration them, than they were three years ago. Active out-door exercise has given us all famous appetites, and we will not be likely to find fault with the quality, provided the quantity be sufficient,
A number of promotions have been made in the 149th, and I have obtained a list of the newly commissioned officers, but have as yet been unable to obtain a full list of the non-commissioned officers. I expect, however, to procure such a list, and send you for publication, before we reach home. In the meantime I send you the following:
Major Grumback promoted to Lieut. Colonel,
Captain Burhans " to Major.
Sergt. Ramsey " 2d Lieut. Co, A.
Sergt. Hirsh " " Co. B.
Sergt. Wheeler " " Co. D.
2d Lieut. Deitz " 1st Lieut.
2d " Phillips " 1st Lieut.
Sergt. Miller " 2d Lieut. Co. H.
Sergt. Joseph Jay " 1st Lieut.
1st Lieut. Truair " Captain.
2d Lt.Bele Hitchcock " 1st Lt. and Adj't.
Sergt. Schwartz " 2d Lieut.
1st Lieut. Stevens " Captain.
Elisha George " Sergt. Major.
Private J. Hicks has been commissioned as Lieutenant in the 192d New Fork Volunteers, and is tranferred [sic] to that regiment.
All the above officers are good soldiers and clever gentlemen, and have nobly earned promotion.
Yours for the Union,
P. S.--Brevet Brigadier General Barnum has just received his commission as full Brigadier. Good!
This promotion is well earned. General Barnum is well entitled to more than the mere empty honor of Brevet, and all his friends here are jubilant over the affair. Who says "Republics" are ungrateful? M. S.
WASHINGTON, D. C., JUNE 8, 1865.
DEAR STANDARD:—We are still in Washington, likely to remain here several days longer, notwithstanding the anticipations of most of our men and officers. The truth is the papers of the 149th and 187th regiments were in a serious muddle, and time will be requited to make them up. This is not a matter of reproach to the officers of either of those regiments. They have not been possessed of facilities for keeping up their returns, and even their books of record, and regimental documents of every description were left in the rear long before we reached Atlanta. It was of course impossible to make up returns during the marches we have made, beyond the pale of civilization, and the little time we spent in Atlanta and Savannah was occupied in fitting up the regiment for other and fiercer campaigns. The 149th is quite as well off as other regiments in Sherman's Army, but all are badly in arrears, and time and labor is required to settle up.
The Sixth Corps, to which the 122d regiment is attached, are being reviewed to-day and the exhibition is a very fine one. This corps has done as good service as any in the Army, and on many occasions it has covered itself with glory, and never suffered disgrace. The 122d regiment has a bright record to point to, and its officers and men deserve the highest praise for their bravery and patriotism. I am pleased to discover that the most friendly feeling exists between our two regiments now in the field, and I sincerely hope that not a shadow of rivalry or jealousy will ever be suffered to raise its dark cloud in the future.
A project is on foot to send home the regiments together, but it is at present somewhat doubtful whether the project will succeed. The 122d has but recently arrived here, and of course they cannot be expected to be as forward with their returns as those regiments that arrived some time since. They were not so badly in arrears, however, and I would not be surprised to see them in readiness and on their way home before the 149th.
Gen. Slocum gives a grand soiree to-night to grounds. The affair will be a brilliant one, and all who are invited anticipate much pleasure. No officer in the army is more popular than General SLOCUM, and I may add there is none more modest and unpretending. He is always gentlemanly and courteous, with a cheerful smile and a kind word for all who have occasion to visit him.
We know but little that is transacting here, outside of military matters. The 20th Corps is broken up, and western troops are leaving every day for Louisville. The eastern veteran troops have orders to report to Gen. Augur for assignment to duty, and it is understood they will be retained in this section of the country for the present, at least. Gen. Slocum is without command at present, and Gen. Geary has also been relieved from his Division. Four regiments of the 3d Brigade have been ordered to report to Gen. Augur, but I believe it is understood that Gen. Barnum will retain command of the Brigade.
I send enclosed the Farewell Addresses of Generals Slocum and Geary, for publication.
Yours for the Union, M. S.
FAREWELL ADDRESS OF GEN. SLOCUM.
HEADQUARTERS, ARMY OF GEORGIA,
Washington, D. C., June 6, 1865.
[General Order. No. 15.]
With the separation of the troops composing this army, in compliance with recent orders, the organization known as "the Army of Georgia" will virtually cease to exist. Many of you will at once return to your homes. No one now serving as a volunteer will be probably retained in service against his will but a short time longer. All will soon be permitted to return and receive the reward due them as the gallant, defenders of their country.
While I cannot repress a feeling of sadness at parting with you, I congratulate you upon the grand results achieved by your valor, fidelity and patriotism.
No generation has ever done more for the permanent establishment of a just and liberal form of government—more for the honor of their nation,—than has been done the past four years by the armies of the United States, and the patriotic people at home, who have poured out their wealth in support of these armies, with a liberality never before witnessed in any country.
Do not forget the parting advice of that great Chieftain who led you through your recent brilliant campaigns: "as in war you have been good soldiers, so in peace be good citizens?" Should you ever desire to resume the honorable profession you are now about to leave, do not forget that this profession is honorable only when followed in obedience to the orders of the constituted authority of your Government.
With feelings of deep gratitude to each and all of you for your uniform soldierly conduct—for the patience and fortitude with which you have borne all the hardships it has been necessary to impose upon you,—and for the unflinching resolution with which you have sustained the holy cause in which we have been engaged, I bid you farewell.
Signed, H. W. SLOCUM,
Maj. Gen. Commanding.
FAREWELL ADDRESS OF GEN. GEARY.
HEADQUARTERS, 2D DIVISION, 20TH CORPS,
Near Bladensburg, Md., June 6, 1865.
[General Order, No. 28.]
The time for the dissolution of this Division is now at hand. Before we separate from that organization under whose guiding Star most of us have marched and fought for years, your General feels it right and just to address you a parting word.
It may safely be asserted, that no organization in any Army has a prouder record, or has passed through more arduous, varied and bloody campaigns.
To remind us of this, we have but to enumerate the battles in which all or the most of us have participated:
Rich Mountain, Carricks Ford, Winchester, Port Republic, Bolivar, Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wauhatchie, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Ringgold, Mill Creek Gap, Resaca, New Hope Church, Pine Hill, Muddy Creek, Nois Creek, Kolbs Farm, Kenesaw, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Savannah, and the labor exposures and dangers of the Georgia and Carolina campaign are lettered on your banners, while the part you have so bravely borne in scores of actions small of note in this war, but equal to battles in other days, is attested by hundreds of scars on your own persons and by the remembrance of our heroic dead throughout Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, North and South Carolina.
Veterans, truly all of you,—men of whom your country is proud, and who are now prouder than ever of your country, your children, grand children and great grand children will have passed away long before our heroic deeds shall be forgotten, or the memories of that great struggle through which we have stood shoulder to shoulder and swept from the Atlantic to the Mississippi and back again to the Atlantic shall cease to nerve our descendants to noble deeds and brave actions. Your country has been saved, and yours is no small share in the glorious right to be proud of the results.
A few months or years hence and those of us who survive, will again be citizens of the noblest, freest and proudest nation on the globe. Noble, because her nobility are her common people who saved her in the years of peril; free, because truth, mighty and prevailing by God's national purifier, the sword, has made her free; proud, because unaided and uncountenanced by other nations, she has demonstrated to the world that the people who educate all their youth, and make all their laws, can with the strong arms of their educated youth enforce their laws, maintain their integrity and pay their debts.
Be justly proud of our Common Record, and our Common Country.
Cherish, with the memories of the banner under which you gloriously fought and won the victory, the badge of our Union, the spotless Star,—emblem of hope and glory.
Soldiers, comrades, farewell, may the memories of our fallen heroes, stricken down by thousands at our side,—hallow our parting, and consecrate our devotion to our God, our country and each other.
By Command of,
Brevet Maj. Gen JOHN W. GEARY,
(Signed) W. T. FOSTER,
Assistant Adjutant General.
HOME ITEMS. RETURN HOME OP THE 149TH.—GRAND RECEPTION.—A PERFECT OVATION.—IMMENSE TURN-OUT OF THE PEOPLE.—SPLENDID COLLATION AND DECORATIONS.—Yesterday was a proud day for the county of Onondaga, the city of Syracuse, and for the brave men of the 149th who have returned to their homes. The rain of early morning did not bid fair for an out-door demonstration; but by 7 o'clock the sky was clear, the sun came out warm, and only for being a little too hot a finer day could not have been.
As early as 8 o'clock the streets were more than ordinarily lively, and soon people from the towns began to arrive. The committee of arrangements, and its sub-committees, were busily engaged in decorations, and preparing the tables for the collation. Almost everybody, especially in the centre of the city, seemed to be on the move to contribute to a suitable reception of the "Lookout Mountain Boys," and it was evident that that reception was to be honorable alike to the soldiers and citizens—nor did the indications augur more than the reality proved.
Fayette Park was the centre of attraction. Running along the south side was five hundred feet of improvised tabling, covered with neat white spreads, and the ladies were busy all the forenoon in arranging the dishes, and the good things that came in great abundance. And we may as well say here that a "bill of fare" would have to be pretty extensive to enumerate the variety, for there was ham, corn'd beef, dried meats, biscuit buttered and unbuttered, sandwiches, bread, twenty different kinds of cake, and about as many of pies, cheese, crackers, jells, preserves, strawberries, cherries, ice cream, tea, coffee, lemonade, spruce beer, soda water, pickles, lettuce, young onions—and we have not told the half.
The decorations of the Park, and of the residences around it, were admirable. Over the west entrance of the Park grounds stood out boldly, "We greet with joy our Heros [sic]," and from this was festooned two large National flags, and the posts were finely trimmed with evergreens. The east entrance was similarly trimmed, with a star covered with beautiful white flowers pendant from the centre, and the motto: "We remember the march to the Sea." At the north side was a large circle, with outer and inner evergreen wreaths, and between these the words, "A tear for our Martyrs," and upon the centre, "Ever green in our memories." Opposite this, on the south side, was a similar circle with an open centre; around the circle, "Honor to the Brave," and a Maltese cross, badge of the 5th Corps, suspended in the centre. These were ornamented with flags.
We cannot begin to give all the decorations that were visible upon buildings and in front of residences, but those around the Park may be mentioned, because brought so prominently in view, and we begin with the residence of John Grouse, Esq.—Arch over gateway, of evergreens and flowers, flags projecting above—in the arch, "Chancellorsville."
Mrs. Horace White—Arch over gate, of evergreens, faced with beautiful, large white flowers—in circle, "Gettysburg." At the doorway, rich drapery of National colors. The effect was very fine.
W. C. Ruger, Esq.—Arch over gate, of evergreens, trimmed with flags, with "Rappahannock Station," "Wauhatchie," and flags upon the porch.
Col. Teall—Arch over gate, of evergreens— in the arch, "Lookout Mountain," and boquets and drapery of colors at doorway.
T. B. Fitch, Esq.—Arch of evergreens and flowers, containing the words "Missionary Ridge," and small flags at windows.
Judge Shankland—arch of evergreens with "Ringgold" at top, and national flags tastefully festooned upon the piazza [sic].
… top "Dallas," and surmounted by small flags—around the posts of the porch wreaths, studded with flowers, and a rich festoon suspended from the centre and either side. These were not gaudy, but decidedly fine.
Stiles M. Rust, Esq.—arch of evergreens over gate, on which was "Resaca," and under centre hung a basket of evergreens with beautiful flowers forming a boquet [sic] on top, and still below, a bright star,—upon the uprights and centre were flags.
E. B. Wicks, Esq.—arch of evergreens over gate, double—the lower part a wreath of flowers—the words "New Hope Church,"—in upper part a likeness of Gen. Grant—the whole surmounted with small flags—and back of all a large flag suspended.
Mrs. Col. Walpole—arch, standards covered with red, white and blue material—on top, surrounded with wreath of green, "Peach Tree Creek."
Mrs. Mathews—cords stretched from tree to tree, bearing in letters of evergreen, east "Sherman," west "Slocum," in centre "we greet you." Arch over gate, trimmed with flags and flowers, bearing "Atlanta,"—national flag over door and at corners.
S. C. Hayden, Esq.—large, high arch over gate, trimmed with bows of red, white and blue, and surmounted with flags—in the circle, "Kenesaw Mountain." The porch entrance was richly draped with national colors, and ornaments on side of porch,—and under upper windows festoons of small flags gathered in a round wreath, and faced with colored ribbons in jaunty bows,—the whole looking very pretty.
Hon. D. McCarthy—large arch over gate with triple wreaths swinging beneath, in which were green stars with fancy centres, and below these surrounded by wreaths, "Marietta,"—upon the standards and centre were flags, and within the arch was "Welcome Home." The house also had small flags pendent at different points.
Hon. D. Pratt—arch of evergreens over gate, adorned with flags, and motto "Pine Knob" within the circle.
Around the Jervis House Balcony, in evergreen letters on cloth was "Happy Greeting to the 185 and 149—Now Johnny Comes Marching Home. Hurrah."
The triumphal arch over Salina street bridge looked finely. It was double, not a curve, but direct angles, and was very tastefully arranged and ornamented. Upon south face was "Welcome Home,"—" Atlanta,"—"(149)"—"Pine Knob"—"Fort Mc(185)Allister." On the north face, "Grant"—"Lookout Mountain"—("149") "Ringgold," ("185") "Savannah."
The arch on Warren street bridge was similar in structure and finish—on one side was "149" —"185"—"Honor to our Fallen Heroes"—"Sumner"—"Dwight,"—on the other side "149"—"185"—"Grant"—"Sherman"—"Slocum"—" Meade"—"Peck"—"Joyful Greetings."
The immense stores of McCarthy, Keene & Co., and Price & Wheeler, on Salina street were very elaborately and tastefully decorated in front and in the windows, and there were many that east Genesee, south Salina and a portion of North Salina, Warren, and sevesal [sic] other streets, looked gay and beautiful. About the only house on South Salina as far south as junction with Warren, that was not decorated more or less was that of Gen. J. A. Green, jr. That personage seems determined to hold out—let him hold!
An immense throng had gathered at the Binghamton Road Depot before the City Hall bell began to ring, and then it became a dense mass. The train arrived about noon, and such shouts as went up did one good to hear—cannon firing and bells ringing, but they were scarcely heard on account of the noise. The scene as the "boys" landed from the cars was beyond all description—it was a perfect jam to find relatives and friends—and so great was the crowd on Onondaga street—girls and boys, fathers, mothers, wives and cousins mixed in one general jumble with the soldiers—that Col. Grumbach found it impossible to get his men in proper shape, so started off as best he could, to the music of Ghem's Band playing "Johnny's Come Marching Home," and on Salina, between Jefferson and Fayette streets, halted to straighten out. Martin's Martial Band was also in line to relieve the Band.
In addition to the shreds of the old flag, and the latter flag presented to the regiment, they carried the following trophies, though by some mistake none of them were unfurled:
A United States National flag of the war steamer Water Witch. The steamer was captured by the rebels and used as a blockade runner, but was subsequently recaptured, together with this flag, by our troops.
A rebel storming flag, of large size, captured at Savannah.
The rebel regimental colors captured at Savannah.
Two battle-flags from Bragg's army,—one having a blue ground, white oblong centre, captured at Lookout Mountain by First Sergeant N. F. Potter, of Co. E, in a hand-to-hand fight with the rebel Sergeant who carried it, and who was disarmed and taken prisoner.
A Confederate battle-flag—stars and bars—thirteen stars, eight-pointed, three stars composing an arc of a circle,—captured at Ringgold by private Phillip Goettel, of Co. B.
A battery guidon, captured at Ringgold by private Phillip Goettel, of Co. B.
Behind the regiment came a squad of returned cavalry on foot, raised in the east part of the county, here to be mustered out.
The ladies had prepared boquets [sic], and every officer had his hands full, and each soldier one in the muzzle of his musket. As they moved through Salina, James, Warren and Genesee streets, an immense throng accompanied them, and they were greeted with cheers by the men, and waving of handkerchiers [sic] by the ladies. It was a gay scene on the route, and as they entered Fayette Park—one that the noble boys will remember as long as they remember the march to the Sea.
Arrived at the Park, line was drawn up in front of a platform, and Robt. McCarthy, Esq., greeted them with the following
ADDRESS OF WELCOME,
Soldiers of the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Regiment:
The moment and the hour looked forward to by yourselves with so much of anxious hope and joyous expectation has arrived. The thoughts which ever haunted you as you tread alone at midnight hour the solitary rounds of picket duty, the dream which painted itself upon your imagination as you slept wrapped in your blankets beside the dying embers of your camp-fires, are realized. The earnest prayers and longing desires of your friends at home have been answered, and in their name, and behalf, I proffer you this day a joyous, an earnest, and a deserving welcome. Once, twice, thrice welcome, members of the glorious One Hundred and Forty-ninth Veterans of Sherman and Slocum.
Prompted, we believe, only by the convictions of duty, governed only by motives of patriotism, desireus [sic] only to maintain the Government and crush out the rebellion—without extra pay or extra bounty—you went forth from among this people accompanied by their prayers and with their benedictions. Anxiously have they watched you from the hour of your departure to this, the hour of your return; eagerly have they sought any information respecting you in the public prints; highly have they valued any news from you of a private nature, and proudly have they claimed and publicly maintained, that Onondaga was worthily represented by you, and justly entitled to share in the glory of that march through the heart of rebeldom, which in its conception, in its execution, and in its final results, is unequalled in the history of the past. Why, my friends, if there ever was an hour when I regretted that I too was not a soldier in my country's cause—when above all else, I would that I were one of your number, it is in such an hour as this, when, amid the plaudits of the whole people, the rejoicings of your fellow citizens, and the tears of your personal friends, you come back to share with the blessings of a government and the protection of the laws which you yourselves have been instrumental in sustaining. Why, the proud and commendable satisfaction I should feel, were greater than if by some chance of fortune I might be called to wield a scepter or wear a crown.
Not for the present only, will your deeds be items of history and the themes of fireside conversation; but when you and I have passed away, your children and my children will recount the story of your hardships and your victories—and our children's children will become conversant with your names and your services, and so until the last cycle of time.
My friends as you have been the protectors of the laws, so we expect you will be observers of the laws. As you have been loyal and obedient soldiers of the government, so we expect you will be good and worthy citizens of the government. As you could lay aside the implements of industry and take up successfully the musket and the saber, so you can exchange again the one for the other, and thus prove to the world, their prophecies notwithstanding, that while in peace we are an industrious and law-abiding people, we are irresistible in war.
With you to-day we rejoice at the final triumph of right over wrong, freedom over despotism, hope over doubt, that the angel of destruction no longer lowers oer our land, that war no longer devastates onr [sic] smiling fields, or the soil drink up the blood of our noblest sons, but that peace revisits us, bearing in her train prosperity and happiness to a divided and almost despondent people.
But, heroes of Sherman, your decimated ranks tell me that death has been busy in your midst. Where, tell me, where are those comrades who went forth with you to battle in our country's cause, whose hearts were filled with patriotism, and whose eyes were filled with tears at their departure. Where are the associates ... of your battlefields? Why are ... come we would extend and the gratification you must feel. Alas! their reward precedes yours. They sleep their last sleep upon the field of Gettysburg, beneath the shadows of Lookout Mountain, beside the turbid waters of the Etowah, within the morasses of the Carolinas. No more will they join with us in the ceremonies of this hallowed day. Nor their presence sanctify its exercise, or their hearts beat quick at the recital of their own deeds. Alas! never. They have fought their last battle, they have gained eternal victory; their names shall live in the pages of our country's history, and their deeds upon the enduring monument the citizens of Onondaga shall erect to their memory. May the dews fall lightly upon the sod which covers them, and the night winds sigh a requiem above their honored graves. Once more heroes of the present, to the pleasure of home, the affection of father, the holy kiss of mother, the love of faithful wife and the embrace of fondest sister, the pride of brother, to the gratitude of the citizen, we tearfully, proudly and joyously welcome you back, with immortal honor to the memory of those who have fallen; to those who survive, the profoundest gratitude of the nation they have saved.
The following Poem, written for the occasion by a lady of this city, was read by A. J. Northrup, Esq., by appointment of the committee of arrangements:
Address to the One Hundred and Forty-ninth New York Volunteers, by a lady.
Welcome, brave men!
From the strife realm field where no more may be shed
Loyal blood of your comrades who so nobly have bled:
Where now rests a messmate with his dreamless head
Pillowed where the foe just before him had fled;
Or numbers less heroic smile expressions that besought
An armor of faith from others who have fought.
As they come, and are gone,
To the front, or on guard,
With a cheer for those who have passed through the storm.
Long live America!
To homes where no darkness may tell of a blight.
The woodlands not burned, or the dwellings in sight
Not smoke-brown and crazed with the passion of strtfe [sic],
Where the echo of cannon and the roll of the drum,
Are not mingled with dirge from the camp's distant light
In the gloom of prison, with its moans of to-night.
Welcome, brave men!
The limbs may be crippled, or trembling, or torn,
By the powder and sabres of disloyalty born.
Your feet may be shoeless, and weary and worn;
Your clothing all threadbare, your faces unshorn;
But with all, we do know, boys, you have the hearts warm and true,
That throb for the patriot's "Red, white and blue."
And for none to destroy
The dear liberty bought
With the blood of a nation, for the free to enjoy.
Ever live America!
Welcome, thrice welcome!
Joy tears for their sons flow from mothers to meet you,
And sisters wreath garlands overwhelmed anew;
Holy pride in your fathers is breathing as true
As the love tones that can speak through a silence for now.
Where trees wave in gladness, and the heaven is blue,
Happy thoughts, pleasant dreams, and not sad'ning adieu,
Hurrah for America!
Hurrah for the right!
Hurrah for her sons now come from the fight!
For our Regiment, a THOUSAND hurrahs for to-night!
Then the soldiers gathered around the long tables so bountifully laden, and partook to the full—the ladies doing the honors.
While they were feasting, a company of ladies and gentlemen, upon the balcony of Mrs. Col. Walpole's residence, sang with much spirit "Johnny Comes Marching Home," " Rally Round the Flag," and several other like pieces, to the great enjoyment of soldiers and others.
About half-past two, the regiment being entirely satisfied with their reception, formed in line and marched through Genesee and South Salina streets and Cortland avenue to the Camp ground, and took possession of the tents just vacated by the 111th. A large crowd of friends accompanied them. A guard of thirty men was detailed, and at four o'clock that guard was about all of the 149th there was in camp—they had gone home with and to see their dear ones, having furloughs till Monday morning. This may delay pay day a trifle, but after all it is right.
This noble regiment, standing second to none of the state or country for gallant achievements, discipline and endurance, has been received as was its due by the friends at home. In a few days they will have laid off the military, and then may we be as proud of them as citizens as we have been as soldiers.
We should have said long in the start that the procession was under charge of Col. B. L. Higgins; and that Maj. Gen. Slocum with his family, was in carriage in rear of the regiment, looking even more pleased at its magnificent reception than if it had been for himself.
The people of the county and city responded most nobly to the call of the committee, so that there was enough to have fed three thousand men instead of three hundred. After the soldiers were through, many others were allowed to eat. A portion of what was left has been carried to the Soldiers' Rest, some to the Home, and the balance is to be distributed this morning among the families of soldiers.
Of course there are always some mistakes in such an affair, generally of unintentional omission [sic]. So now—one or two that we regretted exceedingly; if the names of "Randall" and "Lindsay" were among the list of fallen heroes we failed to notice—and some others that would have been peculiarly appropriate at the return home of those beside whom they had fought and fallen.
On the arrival of the Regiment at Binghamton, a pleasant incident occurred, which reflected great credit upon an ever generous hearted citizen of Fayetteville. When the regiment disembarked, after a fatiguing journey, about the first inquiry was for refreshments, and while the inquiry was being anxiously prosecuted, was joined by Clark Snook, Esq., who chanced to be in town. He invited the entire Regiment to dinner at the Lewis House, where it was sumptuously [sic] entertained at the expense of Mr. S.
After this the ladies of the village managing the Soldiers Rest, took great pains to provide both officers and men with an excellent supper, and it seemed as if they could not do enough for our soldier boys. The names of these ladies are Mrs. Morris, Mrs. W. Harris, Mrs. York, Mrs. McNamara, Mrs. Scott, Mrs. Morgan, Mrs. Farnham. And the citizens of Binghamton generally did everything possible for the comfort of the 149th men, for which not only Col. Grumbach desires to express the thanks of himself and command--but the people of Onondaga are under great obligation.
At all the stations along the road between here and Binghamton, crowds were gathered, and gave our boys hearty cheers. Capt. Park Wheeler, and many others, went to Homer to meet and come in with the regiment.
HISTORY OF THE 149TH REGIMENT
N. Y. VOLUNTEERS.
FIELD AND STAFF.
Nicholas Grumbach, Lt. Col.
Henry N. Burhans, Major.
Bela P. Hitchcock, Adj't.
Hamilton D. Borden, Q. M.
James V. Kendall, Surgeon.
Henry F. Adams, Asst. Surg.
Henry A. Barnum, Colonel, appointed Brig. Gen. U. S. V.
John M. Strong, Lieutenant Colonel, resigned.
Charles B. Randall, Lieutenant Colonel, killed in action.
Able G. Cook, Major, discharged for disability.
Robert E. Hopkins, Major, discharged for disability.
Walter M. Dallman, Adj't, discharged by order
War Department, to accept promotion.
Moses Summers, Q. M., promoted to Capt. and A. Q. M. U. S. V.
Albert W. Ahillips, Assistant Surgeon, resigned.
Horace F. Nimms, Assistant Surgeon, resigned.
Arvine C. Bowdish, Chaplain, resigned.
Elisha B. George, Serg't. Major.
Dudley D. N. Marvin, Q. M. Serg't.
Henry L. Purday, Com. Serg't.
Thomas Saile, Chief Mus.
Henry B. Allen, Hosp. Steward.
Jeseph Seymour, Sergeant Major, promoted to 2nd Lieutenant
Mortimer B. Birdsaye, Sergeant Major, discharged by order War Department, to accept promotion.
George H. Deitz, Sergeant Major, promoted to 2nd Lieutenant.
Joseph Jay, Jr., Sergeant Major, promoted to 1st Lieutenant.
Joseph A. Davis, Q. M. Sergeant, promoted to 2nd Lieutenant.
Hamilton D. Borden, Q. M. Sergeant, promoted to R. Q. M.
John H. Patterson, Commissary Sergeant, promoted to 2nd Lieutenant.
Henry F. Adams, Hospital Stewart, promoted to Assistant Surgeon.
Edwin P. Farling, Hospital Stewart, promoted to Assistant Surgeon 102d N. Y. V. V.
Oliver T. May, Captain.
Morris K. Barker, 1st Lieutenant.
John F. Wheeler, 2d Lieutenant.
James H. Hoos,
Wm. H. Cornell,
Philip M. Ostrander,
Walter R. Dixon, Sergeant, sick in Hospital at Madison, Indiana.
Edwin A. Alger, Corporal, sick in Hospital at Jefferson, Indiana.
Bitterly Augest, private, wounded, sick in hospital, Jefferson, Indiana.
Samuel Harrison, private, wounded in hospital Nashville, Tenn.
George C. Jacobs, private, wounded, in hospital Nashville, Tenn.
John F. Knoop, private, sick in hospital Nashville, Tenn.
Moses Lehman, private, sick, in hospital Chattanooga, Tenn.
Charles Miller, private, sick, in hospital Fredricks City, Md.
Lazarus Newman, private, sick, in hospital Nashville, Tenn.
KILLED IN ACTION.
John H. Russell, sergeant, at battle Chancorsville.
Michael Daly, sergeant, at battle Kennesaw Mountain.
James Denning, private, at Pine Knob, Ga.
Moses Rothschild, private, at Lookout Mountain.
Solomon Light, captain, resigned.
Samuel Bromer, 1st lieutenant, resigned.
Mathew Westcott, 1st lieutenant, discharged for wounds received at Gettysburg.
August Simon, private, discharged for disability.
John Barsneider, private, discharged by War Department.
M. V. Carpenter, private, discharged for disability.
Jacob Hayms, private, discharged for disability.
John Hoose, private, discharged for disability.
Chapman A. Harris, private, discharged for disability.
Herman Levi, private, discharged for disability
James Monahan, private, discharged for disability.
Joseph Seymour, 2nd lieutenant, to Co. K, 149 N. Y. V.
James Perfleld, musician, to Veteran Reserve Corps.
John Caplin, private, to Engineer Corps.
Thomas W. Clark, private, to Engineer Corps.
Thomas Frost, private, to Engineer Corps.
Thomas Ferguson, private, to Engineer Corps.
Peter Flick, private, to Engineer Corps.
Alfred Hussay, private, to Engineer Corps.
Alexander Hoppay, private, to Veteran Reserve Corps.
Peter Hoff, private, to Veteran Reserve Corps.
Patrick Kegan, private, Engineer Corps.
Lewis Light, private, to Veteran Reserve Corps.
Herman Liebman, private, to Veteran Reserve Corps.
Harris Lazarus, private, to 4th artillery bat. F. Francis Morrn, private, Veteran Reserve Corps.
William Owens, private, Veteran Reserve Corps.
Joseph Shears, privats [sic], Engineer Corps.
William Thompson, private, to Engineer Corps.
Edwin White, private, to Engineer Corps.
Francis E. Hicks, lst sergeant, died of desease [sic] at Murfreesboro, Tenn.
Daniel Billings, 1st sergeant, died of wounds received at Chattanooga, Tenn.
James A. Close, sergeant, died at Atlanta, Ga., of disease.
James Murry, corporal, died of wounds received at Chattanooga, Tenn.
John Desmond, corporal, died of wounds received at Chattanooga, Tenn.
Michael Lovich, killed by himself (accidental) June, 7, 1863.
Ichabod Chapman, private, died at Savannah, Ga., of disease.
Jacob Dies, private, died of wounds.
Patrick Dunn, private, died of wounds.
Smith Poppleton, private, died of wounds.
Henry Ricks, private, died of disease.
Thomas Lueth, died of disease.
Alvis Sneider, private, died of disease.
Charles Shalnisky, private, died of disease.
William Teal, private, died of disease.
Nathan Wyman, sergeant, at Aquea Creek, Feb. 14, 1863.
James Haynsfoot, corporal, Aug. 4th 1863.
Jacob Simmons, corporal, Dec. 9th 1862.
Lewis Berger, private, May 27, 1863.
William Bowman, private, Sept. 25th 1862.
Barrett Dien, private, Dec. 10th 1862.
John Dougherty, private, Sept. 15th 1863.
Patrick Dearing, private, September 25th 1862.
Theadore Devins, private, Nov. 18th 1864.
Harris Flatto, private, March 12th, 1864.
William Isbell, private, Sept. 25th 1862.
George V. Miller, private, Dec. 10th 1862.
Martin Murry, private, July 4th 1863.
John Mate, private, Jan. 20th 1865.
Isaac Rosenberg, private, Dec. 10th 1862.
Charles Wright, private, Dec. 10th 1862.
Jacob Knapp, Captain.
William Pullen, 1st Lieutenant.
John H. Patterson, 2d Lieutenant.
Francis Decker, Jacob Eckel,
Jacob Schwartz, Geo. Frost.
George Schemel, Philip Goettel,
Charles Warner, Wm. J. Steiger,
Edward Worden, John Burghardt,
Henry N. Warner,
Charles Bausinger, private.
Peter Drum, private.
Jeremiah Hurst, private.
Jacob Oswald, private.
Joseph Shilling, private.
John Staus, private.
Frederick Yehling, private.
MISSED IN ACTION.
John Rente, private, at battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn.
PRISONERS OF WAR.
Joseph Hill, corporal, taken prisoner July 20, 1864.
KILLED IN ACTION.
Michael Andersag, private.
William F. Bentz, private.
Charles Deck, private.
Andrew Gettert, private.
Jacob Grub, private.
John Nichols, private.
Frank Schwartz, private.
Frederick Bohl, private, from disease.
Jacob Frey, private, from wound received in action.
Joseph Forstniggar, private, from wound received in action.
Mathias Feiselbrand, private, from wound received in action.
Charles Jackel, private, from disease.
Henry Knoble, private, from wound received in action.
Charles Klinkhardt, private, from wound received in action.
George Leopold, private, from wound received in action.
Charles Miller, private, from disease.
John Moses, private, from disease.
George Oswald, private, from disease.
John Shane, private, from wound received in action.
Gilbert Mellmer, private, from wound received in action.
Frederick Vetter, private, from disease.
Jacob Walsh, private, from disease.
John B. Leifried, private.
Joseph Heaberley, private.
Andrew Harsh, private.
Jacob J. Jager, private.
Pierce Kirsh, private.
William Schug, private.
Thomas Saile, private, by promotion.
Frank Sreiber, private.
Nicholas Grumbach, captain, by promotion.
Phillip Eckel, 1st lieutenant, on surgeon's certificate of wound received in action.
Phillip Hirsh, 1st sergeant, by promotion.
John Gebhardt, private.
Ronian Gardner, private.
Daniel Harther, private.
Ignatius Pfohl, private.
George Seiler, private.
Charles Seiler, private.
Ottomar Will, private,
Peter Klink, private.
Edward D. Murray, Capt.
George W. Phillips, 1st Lt.
Elisha Houghkirk, 2nd Lt.
Daniel Gere, William Cahill.
Michael Sullivan Jacob Clatts,
Anthony Buckley, August Bloss,
Augustes Cholet, Michael Cullough,
Daniel Cain, James Daley,
James Dunningan, George Ellwood,
Adolphus Fellows, James Gillbraith,
George W. Haiger, Cornelius G. Holliday,
Thomas Kimmit, Cornelius Lyons,
Patrick Murphy, John McGraw,
William O'Rielly, 1st sergeant, promoted from sergeant, Sept. 1st, 1863.
Dennis Hogan, corporal, promoted from corporal, Sept., 1863.
Marcus Balway, private.
Michael Commans, private.
Patrick Doyle, private.
Rogar Deugherty, private.
Charles Furge, private.
James Gere, private.
William Kelly, private.
Aaron, Landers, private.
John Miller, private.
MISSING IN ACTION.
Ward B. Gilbert, 1st sergeant, since May 3d, 1863.
William Hays, private, since May 3d, 1863.
John McGraw, private, since May 3d, 1863.
James Lynch, jr., captain, resigned February 15, 1863.
William Savage, 2d, lieutenant, resigned February 15, 1863.
Michael H. O'Brien, sergeant, promoted to 1st lieutenant 71st N. Y.
Jerome Aikens, musician, commandant Convalescent camp.
Michael Bealty, private, April 30th, 1864, Philadelphia, Pa.
William Bradley, private, by order General Slocum.
Timothy Conlen, General Order War Department.
Michael Doyle, private, General Order War Department.
James Dorhen, private, at Syracuse, N. Y.
Laurence Flood, private, General Order War Department.
Erastus C. Herrick, private, Order of General Slocum.
Augustin King, private, General Order War Department.
Frederick King, corporal. General Order War Department.
Jeremiah Murphy, private, unknown.
Thomas McCormick, General Order War Department.
Thomas O'Shaugnessy, private, Order General Slocum.
Frederick Schuert, private, by Order General Slocum.
John F. Smith, private, General Order War Department.
Patrick Sullivan, private, General Order War Department.
Miles Tobin, private, by Order Gen. Slocum.
James Tallon, private, unknown.
Patrick Garvey, corporal, to Veteran Reserve Corps, General Order War Department.
Thomas Brown, private, to Veteran Reserve Corps, General Grder [sic] War Department.
James Byrnes, private, Veteran Reserve Corps, General Order War Department.
Joseph Harvey, private, Veteran Reserve Corps, General Order War Department.
Edmund Cummins, transferred to 102d N. Y., deserted and returned under the President's Proclamation.
Maurice Leahy, private, to Veteran Reserve Corps General Order War Department.
Patrick Laurence, private, to Veteran Reserve Corps, General Order War Department.
Thomas McCarthy, private, Veteran Reserve Corps General Order War Department.
George Miller, private, Veteran Reserve Corps, General Order War Department.
Michael O'Connell, private, Veteran Reserve Corps, General Order War Department.
John Powers, 2d, private, Veteran Reserve Corps, General Order War Department.
Frank White, private, Veteran Reserve Corps, General Order War Department.
Joseph Scbubel, sergeant, killed November 24, 1863.
Jeremiah McCarthy, sergeant, died of wounds December 5, 1863.
Timothy McCarthy, sergeant, killed July, 20th, 1864.
Martin Meagher, sergeant, drowned March 7th, 1864.
John A. Brooks, private, killed June 15th, 1864.
Timothy Cronin, private, died of wounds May 29th, 1864.
John Cook, private, died of disease October, 1863.
Samuel G. Ellwood, private, killed May 3, 1864.
James Foley, private, killed July 20, 1864.
Robert Faulkner, private, killed accidentally.
Stephen Sanders, private, died of disease March 27th, 1864.
Michael Molloy, private, killed July 3d, 1863.
Jacob F. Race, private, killed May 3d, 1863.
John F. Sherwood, private, died of disease Mch. 2d, 1863.
Edward White, serseant [sic], at Bolivar Heights, Dec. 9th, 1864.
Keeran Ciaffy, corporal, Bolivar Heights, Dec. 9th, 1862.
Barney Boyle, private, Bolivar Heights, Dec. 9, 1862.
Peter Colwell, private, Frederick City, Maryland, October, 1862.
Martin Horan, private, Washington, Sept. 27th, 1862.
John Powers, private, Frederick City, October, 1862.
Michael Redden, private, Bolivar Heights, Dec, 9th, 1862.
Franklin Savenohe, private, from Camp White, October, 1862.
Michael Tunmay, private, Pleasant Valley.
George G. Truair, Captain.
William Wills, 1st Lieut.
Harvey Sivers, 2d Lieut.
James H. Burr,
Marcus N. Gridley,
Duane S. Hurd.
John W. Falvey,
George W. Arnold,
George J. Lloyd,
Weller R. Sperry,
Thomas W. Hunt,
George L. Rice,
William Van Slyke.
James H. Winnie, sergeant.
Christopher Cone, private.
Michael Holehan, private.
John Hogeboome, private.
John Hickson, private.
Peter Jennings, private.
Fanstien Hestler, private.
William Newman, private.
Peter Snell, private.
Heth R. Smith, private.
Roswell Young, private.
MISSING IN ACTION.
Albert Carpenter, private, at Chancellorsville.
Forman Wilkinson, captain, resigned.
Park Wheeler, captain, promoted from 1st lieutenant, resigned.
William W. Mosely, 1st lieutenant, promoted from 2d lieutenant.
Abram H. Spore, 2d lieutenant, promoted from 1st sergeant, resigned.
John F. Wheeler, 1st sergeant, discharged to accept commission.
John Sitter, sergeant, discharged for disability.
Aaron Abbey, private, discharged for disability.
James Burke, private, discharged for disability.
Michael Conlon, private, discharged for disability.
Amos Day, private, discharged for disability.
Stephen Duell, private, discharged for disability.
Hanford Everett, private, discharged for disability.
Barney Fischter, private, discharged for disability.
William P. Foreman, private, discharged for disability.
Alonzo Gruesbock, private, discharged for disability.
William F. Hubbard, private, discharged for disability.
Eli McAllister, private, discharged for disability.
After Root, private, discharged for disability.
Jacob Shealy, private, discharged for disability.
Henry L. Purdy, sergeant, to non-commissioned staff.
William C. Anderson, private, to V. R. C.
Daniel Becker, private, to V. R. C.
Joseph A. Davis, private, to non-commissioned staff.
George B. Green, private, to V. R. C.
Benjamin Haight, private, to engineer corps.
Benny W. Haight, private, to engineer corps.
William Hunter, private, to engineer corps.
Walter Lawrence, private, to engineer corps.
John Nolan, private, to V. R. C.
John H. Patterson, private, to non-commissioned staff.
Joseph Seymour, jr., private, to non-commissioned staff.
Robert Van Valen, private, to engineer corps.
William C. Lilly, sergeant, killed.
Philo S. Nottingham, corporal, disease.
George Whaley, corporal, disease.
John J. Walters, corporal, killed.
Thomas Cassion, private, killed.
Henry Crouse, private, killed.
Loren Eaton, private, killed.
Augustus Fall, private, disease.
Keeran Guinem, private, disease.
Alvin Haynes, private, killed.
Jonas Jarvis, private, killed.
William Potter, private, disease
James A. Scott, sergeant.
Henry A. Aldridge, corporal.
William S. Rawson, corporal.
Arando Carver, private.
Haul Goodrider, private.
Albert Jones, private.
Ferdman Lerush, private.
Edward C. Lewis, private.
Joseph Perkins, private.
Richard Sevenoaks, private,
Thomas Van Valen, private.
Ira B. Seymour, Captain.
George H. Deitz, 1st Lieut.
Milton Miller, 2d Lieut.
Florence Donnohue, John M. Heath
George P. Burch, Willis Griffin,
Oliver Ormsby, Alexander Lashway,
Adelbert F. Gates, Herrick Nichols,
William F. Smith.
Henry C. Allen, Patrick Boland.
Hiram Coats, George W. Delong,
James P. Frost, Wesley J. Hodges,
Augustus R. Holmes, Miles Hennigan,
S. Knickerbocker, James A. Morrison,
Thomas Murphy, James Ponderley,
Joel Rogers, John Smith, jr.
Alonzo Spaulding, Wesley Wright.
John H. Brown, sergeant, wounded July 20th 1864, and sent to hospital.
Oscar J. Bailey, sergeant, wounded at Lookout Mountain, Nov. 24th, 1863.
Harrison Widger, sergeant, sent to hospital April 25th, 1863.
John Geary, corporal, sent to hospital, June 16, 1864.
John R. Pollock, private, sent to hospital, date unknown.
Alonzo Cronk, private, taken prisoner at Black Creek, N. C., Feb. 16th '65, and paroled.
James Gowdy, private, at hospital since May 4th 1865.
Daniel E. Hayden, private, at hospital at Albany, N. Y.
Franklin B. Holbrook, private, wounded May 25th 1865, sent to hospital.
William Jones, private, sent to hospital, April 27th 1863.
Charles J. Jeffries, private, sent to hospital Dec. 15th 1862.
William H. Mercer, sent to hospital, September 13th 1864.
Mortimer Stevens, private, taken prisoner May 8th, 1864, and paroled.
Sylvester Youran, private, wounded May 3rd, 1863.
James F. Yates, private, wounded June 16th, 1864.
MISSING IN ACTION.
Edwin R. Smith, corporal, in battle of Chancellorville, May 3d, 1863.
Edward F. Hopkins, 1st lieutenant, promoted from 2nd to 1st lieutenant, resigned.
Alexander McKinstry, 1st sergeant, to except promotion.
Norman F. Potter, 1st sergeant, wounded at battle Lookout Mountain, Nov. 24th 1863, discharged July 11th, 1864.
George W. Phillips, 1st sergeant, to except promotion, Feb. 11th 1865.
Edward C. Geary, sergeant, to except promotion, Feb. 24th 1864.
Edward C. Fay, sergeant, wounded at battle of Chancellorville, May 3rd 1863, discharge Feb. 1st, 1864.
Henry D. Hays, corporal, to except promotion, April 14th, 1864.
William H. Champlain, private, July 2d, 1864, of wounds received May 3, 1863.
James B. Eustace, private, April 1st, 1864, of wounds received Oct. 28, 1863.
Merrick D. Frost, private, March 10, 1863.
James Furlong, private, April 3, 1863.
Peter Goodrich, private, September 28, 1862.
Peter Graham, private, January 13, 1863.
Lester E. Hotchkis, private, Jan. 22, 1863.
Archibald Hamilton, private, in compliance with general order No. 77, War Department.
David Hollenback, private, September 28, 1862.
John S. Knapp, private, January 15, 1862.
John Keenan, private, March 11, 1863.
Edwin W. Morrison, private, March 14, 1863.
Peter Parslow, private, March 24, 1863.
John Quinn, private, July 13, 1863.
George W. Way, private, Dec. 3, 1863.
Rossiter Wright, private, Jan. 15, 1863.
George R. Warner, private, Jan. 27, 1864.
Nathaniel Jones, corporal, to V. R. C., date unknown.
James Cunningham, private, January 10, 1865, to 102nd N. Y. V. V.
William Wade, private, to V. R. C., Feb. 29, '64, wounds received May 3, 1863.
Charles Mitchell, private, to V. R. C, date unknown, wounds received May 3, 1863.
Alanson Smith, private, to V. R. C., September 2st, 1863.
Alonzo Millen, private, U. S. Engineer Corps, Oct. 12, 1862.
Lozadore Parison, private, to V. R. C, date unknown.
John W. Losey, private, V. R. C., date unknown.
James Hines, corporal, Nov. 24, 1863, Lookout Mountain, killed.
William Tisdale, corporal, July 20, 1864, Peach Tree Creek killed.
Edson Fay, corporal, Dec. 21, 1862.
William Acken, private, Feb. 27, 1863.
Minor D. Bailey, private, June 22, 1863.
Richard Heath, private, Feb. 22, 1863.
Milton C. Frost, private, Dec. 22, 1863, of wounds received Nov. 24, 1863.
John Hart, private, killed July 20, 1863.
Rue Keyon, private, date unknown, of wounds received Jan. 10, 1864.
William D. Orr, private, July, 20, 1864.
Nicholas Palmer, private, June 27, 1864.
George W. Pierce, private, July 19, 1864, of wounds received in action.
Andrew J. Strong, private, Jan. 3, 1863.
Moses Saphire, private October 28, 1863.
Daniel C. Daniel, private, Sept. 24, 1862.
Daniel Hays, private, July 4, 1863, in front of enemy.
Patrick Day, private, July 21, 1864.
James Meehan, private, June 2, 1864.
Abram V. Nash, private, Jan. 10, 1863.
Guilford D. Nash, private, June 3, 1863.
Moses Hills, private, Sept. 24, 1862.
James E. Cunningham, private, since been returned to duty transferred to 102 N. Y. V. V.
Westly M. Dewey,
John S. Hughes,
Charles E. Fisher,
W. A. Robinson,
William A. Snevely,
James R. Walters,
Horace A. Miller,
Theodore S. Root,
John Barragar, sergeant, sick on furlough since Oct. 22, 1864.
William Eaton, sergeant.
James Qooks, musician.
George Felt, private.
Lawrence Plank, private.
MISSING IN ACTION.
Homer H. Reede, private.
George Kipler, private.
Albert Shaffer, private.
Judson H. Graves, captain, resigned.
William Gleason, 1st Lieut. resigned.
Theodore E. Stevens, 1st Lieut., promoted to Captain, Co. " I."
Henry M. Burhans, captain, promoted to Maj. of the regiment.
Bela P. Hichcock, sergeant.
William P. Burdick, sergeant.
Joseph Karker, sergeant.
Calvin H. Wilson, sergeant.
Jefferson R. Kimball, corporal.
Fitz A. Thatcher, musician.
Monroe Carr, wagoner.
David Bushnell, private.
Seth Bartin, private.
George J. Clark, private.
Adelbert C. Clarke, private.
William Cummings, private.
Charles A. Ellis, private.
John Huchings, private.
Samuel C. Potter, private.
William W. Pettit, private.
Henry D. Pratt, private.
Fredrick W. Rice, private.
Seymour H. Sternes, private.
Edwin Smith, private.
Parker J. Snow, private.
Seymour D. Torrey, private.
Nathan Yerden, private.
Joseph Yerden, private.
John H. Upham, sergeant, to veteran reserve corps.
Frederick M. Potter, corporal, to veteran reserve corps.
Asahael Hicthcock, corporal, to veteran reserve corps.
Christian Schwartz, corporal, to veteran reserve corps.
John Garing, private, to veteran reserve corps.
John Seibert, private, to veteran reserve corps.
Perry Stoughtenger private, to veteran reserve corps.
Moses P. Boyington, 1st sergeant, killed in action, May 3, 1863.
Sevmour R. Lewis, corporal, killed in action, July 20, 1864.
Lucius J. Carey, corporal, killed in action, June 17, 1864.
Orlando Miles, private, died in hospital, typhoid fever.
Peter Adolf, private, killed in action, May 8, 1863.
Wallace Balsley, private, killed in action, May 3, 1863.
David Callison, private, killed in action, May 3, 1863.
George N. Havens, private, died in hospital, inflamation [sic] bowels, April 18, 1863.
Thomas Hodgson, private, died in hospital, typhoid pneumonia, April 15, 1863.
William H. Johnson, private, died of wounds received May 3, 1863.
Samuel Lake, private, killed in action, May 3, 1863.
Lorenzo Morse, private, died in hospital, June 6, 1864, typhoid fever.
Joseph Seon, private, killed in action, May 3, 1863.
John Stressnor, private, died in hospital, June 25, 1863, inflamatory [sic] rheumatism.
Michael Snider, private, died of wounds received May 3, 1863.
James F. Shearer, private, died in hospital, February 20, 1864, chronic diarrhoea.
John Umbrack, private, killed in action, July 19, 1864.
Stephen Cook, private.
Oliver L. F. Browne, Captain.
Joseph Jay, 1st Lieut.
Robert B. Battams, William H. Davis,
John Gebhart, William Cross,
Charles H. Nichols.
George B. Harwood, Reuben Evans,
John J. Craig, James Cottle,
George A. Mills, Obadiah Welch,
Isaac H. Foster, Charles Coss.
John Downie. Evert R. Oliver.
Thomas Chapman, Joseph Cullen,
Edmon Durbin, S. R. Edwards,
George Frickert, Christopher Gebhart,
James Gill, Patrick Heenan,
Timothy J. Hill, Edgar A. Marshall,
William Nesbitt, Homer A. Northrop,
Daniel T. Skinner, John A. Snell,
James M. Smith.
Frank M. Irish, private, hospital.
William Gamble, private, hospital.
Avery Ressaguir, private, hospital.
Earl Spaulding, private, hospital.
Michael McManas, private, hospital.
Amos Ward, private, hospital.
Alexander Sawyer, private, invalid detachment.
MISSING IN ACTION.
Daniel Brokan, private, since May 3, 1863, at Chancellorville.
PRISONER OF WAR.
Martin Joy, musician.
Eben G. Townsend, captain, disability.
Willis S. Barnum, 1st lieutenant, disability.
Byron A. Wood, 1st lieutenant, resigned.
Thomas A. Benedict, 2nd lieutenant, resigned.
Bela P. Hitchcock, 2nd lieutenant, to accept commission as Adjutant.
Oliver L. F. Brown, 1st sergeant commission.
George G. Truair, 1st sergeant, commission.
Eddy B. Townsend, sergeant, disability.
James L. Decker, sergeant, to accept commission in U. S. C. T.
William H. H. Crosier, sergeant, disability.
Emmett J. Brown, corporal, disability.
Henry A. Aust, private, wounds received in action.
Fredrick Bryler, private, disability.
Daniel Cole, private, disability.
James H. Craig, private, disability.
William Claxton, private, disability.
Maurice Hefferman, private, wounds in action.
John S. Little, private, disability.
Alonzo C. Lewis, private, disability.
Daniel McCord, private, amputation left thigh,
William H. Whitfield, private, disability,
Alpheus Whitman, private, disability.
Joseph Jay, 1st sergeant, to sergeant Major.
Perry Adams, private, veteran reserve corps.
Timothy Collins, private, Engineer Corps.
John H. Collins, private, Engineer Corps.
John Chawgo, private, Engineer Corps.
George Dayharsh, private, Engineer corps,
John Dayharsh, private, Engineer Corps.
Thomas Morressey, private, Engineer Corps.
James Mallan, private, Engineer Corps.
Dudley D. N. Marvin, private, Q. M. sergeant.
John O. Rourke, private, Engineer Corps.
John O. Riley, private, Veteran Reserve Corps.
Paul Sherman, private, Engineer Corps.
Miles P. Amidon, 1st sergeant, killed.
Joseph Bennett, private, disease.
Seth H. Burgess, private, disease.
Philo E. Boom, private, disease.
Oliver J. Hand, private, killed.
Lewis Huntley, private, killed.
Conrad Jehle, private, killed.
Augustus J. W. Jones, private, died of wounds.
Lewis McGhane, private, disease.
James McElroy, private, killed.
John G. Stevens, private, disease.
John C. Stevens, private, disease,
Edwin Potter, private, disease.
James M Ward, private, killed.
William Barker, private.
Henry C. Calkins, private.
Charles Frank Cook, private.
Z. B. Furman, private.
James Billiard, private.
William C. Withington, private.
Levi Zellers, private.
Thomas Merriam, Captain.
Phillip Hirsh, 1st Lieutenant.
Lucien W. Ramsey, 2d Lieutenant.
Adolph J. Fix, Augustus P. Brown
Wm. L. Klock, Howard B. Sloan,
Joseph F. Thomas, Henry Rodgers,
Louis Kinne, Gabriel Houghlating,
William J. Taylor, Levi Dyer,
Leroy A. Emmens.
Cheney J. Cogden,
Alfred H. Shute,
Henry S. Van Wormer,
Nicholas V. Carpenter,
John P. Kline,
Wm. W. Ostrander,
John L. Stevens, jr.,
Johnathan Emmins, private, wounded and taken prisoner, March 1865, now in convalescent [sic] parol [sic] camp.
Charles Frank, private, wounded sent to hospital May, 25, 1865.
George L. Hines, private, sent to hospital, Dec. William H. Ketchum, private, sent to hospital, Jan. 11, 1865.
Calvin McNeil, private, wounded and sent to hospital, May 25, 1864.
Robert E. Hopkins, captain, to accept commission as Major, Feb. 28, 1864.
Ahio L. Palmer, 1st lieutenant, resigned and honorably discharged, Jan. 25, 1863.
William Fullen, 1st lieutenant, to accept promotion, Dec. 17, 1864.
Milton Miller, 1st sergeant, to accept commission, May 11, 1865.
Levi D. Tarbell, sergeant, for disability, Jan. 10,1863.
James Loomis, sergeant, for disability, Jan. 17, 1863.
Philip Messer, corporal, for disability, March 16, 1863.
Nathan 6. Brown, corporal, March 20, 1863.
Ebben H. Agust, private, for disability, Dec. 16, 1862.
Spencer Boots, private, Jan, 5, 1863.
Sanford Butler, private, on account of wounds received at Chancellorville, Dec. 5: 1863.
Henry Cune, private, in December 11, 1863.
Ephraim Congdon, private, March 4, 1863.
Levi Dunbar, private, April 6, 1863.
Lelah D Hall, private, March 10, 1863.
Ethel Kinne, private, January 5, 1863.
Henry Leiber, private, Dec. 10, 1862.
Harvey Loomis, private, May 17, 1865.
Webster Miller, date unknown.
Francis Manning, private, Jan. 5, 1863.
John S. Ostrander, private. Jan. 17, 1863.
Alfred Shafer, private, June 5, 1863.
David TenEyek, private, of wounds received at Gettysburg, Nov. 15, 1864.
Carnell J. Woods, private, of wounds received at Chancellorville, Nov. 5, 1863.
Orsin Coville, captain, to Co. K, 149, N. Y. V.
Edward V. Carr, sergeant, to V. R.C., March 12, 1865.
Hamilton D. Borden private, to non-commisioned [sic] staff, Jan. 1, 1863.
George Frank, private, to V. R. C., September 3, 1863.
John A. Little, private, to veteran reserve corps, date unknown.
Andrew J. Springer, private, to veteran reserve corps, date unknown.
Albert J. Snow, private to veteran reserve corps, date unknown.
Jeremiah W. Smith, to veteran reserve corps, Oct. 22, 1862.
Charles P. Watson, to 1st U. S. Engineers, Oct. 22, 1865.
John R. Johnson, sergeant, killed Nov. 24, 1863.
Willard H. Sprar, sergeant, killed July 20, 1864.
Henry Coon, corporal, killed at Lookout Mountain, March 24, 1863.
Robert Vincent, corporal, of wounds May 10.
Lorenzo Boynton, private, at hospital, Dec. 22, 1862.
Otto Dyer, private, killed Nov. 24, 1863.
William McRinly, private, February 22, 1863.
Henry Mose, wounded, July 6, died July 31, 1863.
Ferdinand Rodmyer, private, in hospital Feb. 31, 1865.
William W. Southerdon, May 15, 1863, of wounds received May 3, 1863.
Charles Siver, private, June 24, 1864, of wounds received May 25, 1864.
Robert Telford, private, killed July 20, 1864.
Elias VanWermer, private, in hospital, of wounds received July 10, 1864, date unknown.
Simon H. Vroman, private died at Andersonville, about the 25th Sept. 1864.
Abraham Becker, private, from hospital in Md.
Harvey Kinne, private, from camp parol, Md.
Stanton Soyne, private, September 20, 1862.
Leroy A. Shute, private, Sept. 29, 1862.
Paul M. Dimehart, private, Nov. 1, 1862, arrested and court-martialed.
Theodore E. Stevens, Captain.
William G. McClure, John W. Vaugh.
John Keimkampf, Oscar Denwick.
John Greer, jr., Benjamin Mallett.
George H. Quinn. James. R. Noble.
John T. Carmichael, George W. Chase.
James Evringham, James Gordon.
Matthew McBride, Pery Norton.
Jerome Patterson, Warren Patterson.
Abram L. Phillips, Jacob Pollock.
William L. Sanford, George J. Sager.
Harrison Auringer, private, wounded.
Henry W. Crawford, private, sick.
Nelson Gilbert, private, sick.
John W. Hoyt, private, sick.
James N. Heusson, private, sick.
Samuel Ingersoll, private, sick.
Thomas Jewson, private, sick.
John A. McAllister, private, wounded.
Michael McEvoy, private, wounded.
Harrison Miles, private, wounded.
Thomas Gaffney, captain, resigned.
George K. Collins, 1st lieutenant, resigned.
Alexander McKinstry, 1st lieutenant, resigned.
John T. Bon, 2d lieutenant, resigned.
Elias Houghkirk, 1st sergeant, discharged for promotion.
William Bridgford, sergeant, discharged for promotion.
George H. Deitz, sergeant, discharged for promotion.
George Bean, private.
John Bustin, private.
Edgar A. Eddy, private.
George Haight, private.
John Howard, private.
Amos Howard, private.
James Kennedy, private.
James M. Kelsey, private.
Thomas Kittams, private.
John McGraw, private.
Chilian Petty, private.
George W. Phillips, private.
Joseph Turner, private.
Charles Woodford, private.
Albert Wilcox, private.
Mortimer B. Birdseye, 1st sergeant, promoted to sergeant major.
Elisha B. George, sergeant, promoted to sergeant major.
James V. Betts, private, to Invalid Corps.
Samuel B. Ward, private, to Invalid Corps.
David G. Wheeler, private, to Veteran Reserve Corps.
David J. Lindsay, captain, killed in action.
Thomas Chase, corporal, killed in action.
Chester M. Colton, musician, of disease.
James J. Burrell, private, of wounds.
Thomas Cannon, private, killed in action.
Ebenezer B. Cogswell, private, of disease.
Peter Evans, private, of disease.
John W. Fox, private, killed in action.
Robert H. Glassie, private, of disease.
Asa Houghtaling, private, of disease.
Robert Goodfellow, private, killed in action.
Francis Hamlin, private, of wounds.
Samuel B. Harrison, private, of disease.
William Moon, private, killed in action.
Michael Murray, private, killed in action.
James Mills, private, killed in action.
Abner Quinby, private, of disease.
Michael Rohen, private, of disease.
Edward A. Wells, private, of disease.
John E. Bell, private.
Rufus Beckwith, private.
David Patterson, private.
Daniel Rose, private.
John Taylor, private.
Thomas Shanesay, private.
William Sharp, private.
Orsen Coville, Capt.
Jacob Fink, James Howser.
John C. Wilson, George W. Pellet,
Charles Babcock, John Laflair.
Leonard Cornell, William Deacons,
Charles McQueen, William H. Pellett,
Mathew Storr, James L. Sanders,
William R. Topping, James M. Waterman.
Burnett E. Miller, 1st lieutenant, detached service at Savannah, Ga., since January 15th, 1865.
Smith Revilo, sergeant, in hospital Jan. 17th, 1863.
J. Loveridge Smith, corporal, in hospital May 5, 1863.
Michael Clary, private, in hospital April 4, '63.
Vidder Green, private, in hospital Jan. 1, 1864.
Wm. Havens, private, in hospital May 4, 1864.
William H. Hutchins, private, in hospital Feb, 13, 1865.
Willett Lombard, private, in hospital July 3d, 1863.
Woolsey Magee, private, in hospital June 15th, 1864.
James Smith, private, taken prisoner Nov. 19th, 1864, and paroled.
Sanford Spor, private, in hospital May 3d, 1864.
MISSING IN ACTION.
John Hopkins, sergeant, May 3d, 1863, Chancellorsville.
Jewett Pellett, corporal, May 3d, 1863, Chancellorsville.
Foster Chauncey, private, July 2d, 1863, Gettysburg.
James E. Boran, captain, to accept promotion.
John Van Wie, 1st lieutenant, resigned.
Cone Williams, 1st sergeant, Feb. 6th, 1863.
Elliott Dann, sergeant, date unknown.
Sherman Betts, corporal, Jan. 21st, 1863.
Phillip Pelton, corporal, date unknown.
Jothan R. Williamson, corporal, April 3d, 1863.
George B. Baker, corporal, Jan. 17th. 1863.
Frank Banely, corporal, Sept. 20th, 1862.
Deighton Dean, corporal, April 25th, 1863.
James Honnor, corporal March 26th, 1863.
Henry J. Linman, corporal, Feb. 26th, 1863.
Henry Magee, corporal, April 25th, 1863.
James Peliett, corporal, March 4th, 1863.
John Pickard, corporal, April 25th, 1863.
Ammi C. Pool, corporal. Sept. 22d, 1862.
Orry Rowley, corporal. Sept. 22d, 1862.
Jehial Thorn, corporal, March 4th, 1863.
Jacob M. Boran, 1st sergeant Sept. 1st, 1863 veteran reserve corps.
Augustus Baling, private, veteran reserve corps, date unknown.
George W. Mosher, private, veteran reserve corps, date unknown.
George McMillen, private, U. S. Engineers, date unknown.
William H. Tapping, private, veteran reserve corps, Sept. 1st, 1863.
Harmon Vidder, private, veteran reserve corps, date unknown.
Charles Miller, musician, June 15th, 1865, 102d New York veteran volunteers.
Thomas Colehan, private, June 15th, 1865, 102d N. Y. V. V.
Benjamin F. Breed, 1st lieutenant, killed May 3d, 1863.
Joseph A. Davis, 2d lieutenant, killed May 3d, 63.
Harman Carr, corporal, killed May 3d, 1863.
Anthony Brazell, private, died of wounds received June 16th, 1864.
Dorthorell Button, private, died of wounds received May 25th, 1864.
George H. Carley, private, killed may May 3d, 1863.
Frederick G. Doxtater, private, died of wounds received May 15th, 1864.
Charles C. Holmes, private, died of wounds received July 3d, 1863.
Anthony Holenback, private, died of wounds received May 3d, 1863.
James Lawrence, private, died in hospital, date unknown.
Joseph McQueen, private, killed accidentally September 28th, 1863.
James Mackhy, private, killed Nov. 27th, 1863.
George W.Sheppard, private, killed July 3d, '63.
George Toales, private, March 16th, 1863.
Henry Tyler, private, killed July 3d, 1863.
Frank Van Atten, private, killed Nov. 24th, '63.
Amos W. Warner, private, killed May 3d, 1863.
Delos Bugbee, private, Sept. 21st, 1862.
Isiah Cunningham, private, June 18th, 1863.
John Collins, private, Sept. 18th, 1862.
Michael Dick, private, date unknown.
Alonzo Dunbar, private, Sept. 21st, 1862.
William Huffman, private, Sept. 21st, 1862.
Thomas Hamilton, private, Sept. 27th, 1862.
Charles Henderson, private, Oct. 8th, 1862.
Spencer C. Jackson, private, Sept. 26th, 1862.
Richard Lanfare, private, date unknown.
Martin Dennis, private, July 20th, 1864, in front of the enemy.
Horatio Morse, private, date unknown.
James O'Neil, private, Sept. 18th, 1862.
Alexander Sands, private, Sept. 26th, 1862.
Dennis Tookey, private, Sept. 10th, 1862.
The following promotions have been made since the above list was forwarded:
Lient. [sic] Col. N. Grumbach to be Colonel.
Major H. N. Burhans to be Lieut. Col.
Capt. Ira B. Seymour to be Major.
Lieut. Wm. Pullen to be Captain.
Lieut. Morris K. Baker to be Captain.
Lieut. Elisha Hougkirk to be 1st Lieut.
Lieut. John F. Wheeler to be 1st Lieut.
Sergt. John Kohl to be 1st Lieut.
Sergt. Francis Becker to be 2d Lieut.
Sergt. Adolph J. Fix to be 2d Lieut.
Sergt. George Frost to be 2d Lieut.
Sergt. Daniel Geer to be 2d Lieut.
Sergt. Jacob Waling to be 2d Lieut.