79th New York Infantry Regiment's Civil War Newspaper Clippings

Colonel McKenzie, of the Highland regiment, has received the following despatch from the War Department, accepting the regiment, on condition of their serving for three years or during the war:—
Colonel S. McKenzie, No. 7 Astor place, New York:-- 
Your regiment, the Seventy-ninth, is accepted, if mustered into service for three years or during the war, and will proceed immediately, if armed and equipped, to this city, either by rail over the New Jersey Central, by Harrisburg, York and Baltimore, or by sea.
SIMON CAMERON, Secretary of War.

Expedition of the Highlanders to St. Helena Island—Flight of All the White Residents Except Thieves and Negro Stealers—Capture of One of the Bandits and Delight of the Negroes—The Advance Upon Charleston—Capture of a British Schooner—The Naval Expedition to the Southward, &c., &c. 
Last Sunday, happening into Colonel Nobles' (of the Seventy-ninth New York Highlanders) headquarters, he stated that it was his intention to occupy St. Helena Island with a part of his regiment. Captain More, being present, invited me to accompany his command. We did not leave camp until Tuesday, when we commenced to cut a road through the island so as to transport the necessary supplies; but we found that it was a harder task than we anticipated, for the farther we advanced the deeper we went, until we found ourselves up to our middles in mud and water. Gladly did we receive the order from Maj. Morrison to retrace our steps, and go around the island, where he would have boats to transport us to him, as he had landed during the afternoon and had taken possession of the island. As it was, some of the command did not arrive until the following morning between two and three o'clock, worn down with fatigue and hunger; but they soon had spread before them turkey and chickens, sweet potatoes, &c, which the negroes brought in by the cartload. The negroes received us kindly. They could not do too much for us, particularly as we paid for everything they brought in; not even an orange was taken without an equivalent was given.
Here I must digress from my subject. It is a poor policy to pursue, to have to spend millions to occupy the enemy's country, and as soon as we are landed to pay for every necessary thing that is needed, thus giving them the means to carry on this war against us. Napoleon's idea was that the enemy should support his army while in their country; and why not in our case? They commenced the war, and they should be made to pay for it. But I leave that to wiser heads than mine to determine.
The plantation where we landed belonged to Dr. Jenkins. He has a fine large house, beautifully furnished, and a large, tastefully laid out garden, which entirely surrounds the house. Wednesday morning Major Morrison, with a party of five of us, mounted, set out for a scout. We visited some five or six plantations, all deserted except by the negroes. On inquiring of them if any white people were on the island, they answered that all had gone to the main, except some fourteen or fifteen on the other end of the island, who laid about the woods in the day, and at night they visited the different plantations, robbing and pilfering everything they could lay hands on; also that others would land in small boats at night to capture and carry the negroes off, and if the slaves resisted them they would shoot them down in their tracks. When night came the negroes would take to the woods. We found plenty of corn, sweet potatoes, poultry, also a good deal of cotton in the gin houses—some all ready for market, but the most just as it was gathered and stored.
The following morning Colonel Nobles arrived. After breakfast he took Captain John A. Falconer's company and advanced them some five miles to act as pickets. The same night the negroes came in with the news that a party had landed to carry on their old game of stealing and shooting negroes. Captain Falconer in the morning took nine of his company, with a negro as a guide, to try and capture them. He went about six miles further on, and after procuring a couple of horses, he mounted two of his men to go around by the beach to destroy the boat and prevent the enemy's retreat, while he advanced through the woods. The party arrived on the beach at the point designated by the negro, where they espied a robber about three hundred yards off, in a boat, trying to make his escape. They immediately levelled their muskets and ordered him to land, which he did. He proved to be Benjamin Chaplain, a resident of St. Helena Island. He is a captain of a mounted rifle company, and a terror to all the negroes on the island. 
When Captain Falconer brought him in the negroes laughed and danced, and flocked around Captain Falconer, embracing his legs, kissing his hands, and seemed to be perfectly wild with joy at the capture of their dreaded enemy. Chaplain said that, according to Lincoln's proclamation, any person living quietly at home and pursuing their regular business would not be molested, and that he was then looking after his property. He also attempted to bribe Captain Falconer by telling him if he would let him go any sum he would demand he could have. As soon as he was taken before General Stevens a polite note was despatched to the United States steamer Vixen for the captain to come on shore, as he was well acquainted with the prisoner and all of his antecedents. 
This is the first capture that has been made by any of Gen. Stevens' brigade. Captain Falconer stated that he could have captured the whole of them, but a peremptory order came for him to return at once. Yesterday the whole of the Seventy-ninth returned to their old camp on Bay Point.
Colonel Nobles tells me that this expedition will work its way through the inside passage towards Charleston, and that reinforcements will be sent on as fast as possible. The Irish brigade, he expects, will be the first lot of troops sent. They, with the Seventy-ninth in the advance, would soon make short work of it, supported by the gunboats and those who are here already.
There is a village on St. Helena Island called by the same name. One white man remained there—a true Unionist. I have been unable to find out his name. A man by the name of Coffin has several fine plantations on the island. He had to fly, as the planters around threatened to tar and feather, then hang him. He has a Northern lady for a wife, who fed the negroes as if they were human beings, not brutes. Most of the planters deal out to the negroes one peck of corn a week, which is all that is allowed them. If they raise a hog or chicken it must be kept up and fed from the negroes' allowance.
An English schooner was captured off this port yesterday afternoon, trying to run the blockade, supposed to have come from the British provinces. She is now under the guns of the Wabash.
The steamship Vanderbilt hauled into the Baltic's berth this morning, to commence discharging her enormous cargo, which is larger than any two other ships in the (whole expedition. One fact in regard to this expedition is worth noticing. The Vanderbilt and Ocean Queen alone carried one fourth of the troops sent out on this expedition besides the immense quantity of rations and cargo, consisting of commissary, quartermaster's and ordnance stores, camp equipage, &c. The Vanderbilt, with her powerful condensers, has supplied one-half of the fleet with fresh water since their arrival at this port. 
The steamships Ariel, Daniel Webster an Roanoke, together with other light draught steamers, are fitting out here to go on another expedition, destination unknown. The Chief Quartermaster of this expedition, Captain R. Saxton, had an interview on board the Vanderbilt with Captain Lefevre yesterday, and made arrangements with Captain L. to take all the boats belonging to the Ocean Queen and Vanderbilt to accompany the new expedition. Some of these boats will contain about two hundred persons each. The importance of the Vanderbilt fleet in this expedition is beyond imagination, unless to an eye witness—the steamship Vanderbilt, supplying the whole fleet with fresh water from her condenser; Captain Lefevre supplying the new expedition with all his boats, some twenty in number; Chief Engineer, Mr. Germaine, supplying the Quartermaster with an enormous spare crank pin to drive piles to build a wharf, and the chief steward, Mr. McHenry, accommodating the army officers on board until their quarters are fixed on shore. These are a few of the many acts of accommodation this fleet has rendered on this expedition. 
In my last I furnished you with the names of the different islands between Hilton Head and Charleston, and the fortifications and number of guns on each, and also spoke of the necessity of forwarding large reinforcements to this place, and at once, so as to make this point the base of operations in carrying this war into Africa; also the necessity of contradicting such abolition journals as the New York Tribune, which is leading the public astray by printing, day after day, that the South cannot hold out long, as they are in want of the necessities of life. I say here, as I wrote in my last, that the sooner that idea is erased from the public mind the better it will be for us and for our causes; for instead of want they have even the luxuries of life. One thing I will except—shoes. The planters this year, in this section of the country have planted double the quantities of the cereals they have hitherto done, and have enough for themselves and more to spare to the would-be Confederate government.

The army was retreating from Centreville. The battle was fought against a Rebel force that had penetrated five miles nearer Washington than our rear, and was moving to strike upon the flank. Gen. Stevens' division, the advance of Reno's corps, was on the left of the road taken by the trains, and intercepted the enemy. He saw that the rebels must be beaten back at once, or during the night they would stampede the wagons, and probably so disconcern our retreat that the last division would fall a prey to their main force. He decided to attack immediately, at the same time sending back for support. 
Having made his dispositions, he led the attack on foot at the head of the 79th (Highlanders). Soon meeting a withering fire, and the Color Sergeant, Sandy Campbell, a grizzled old Scotchman, being wounded, they faltered.
One of the color guard took up the flag, when the general snatched it from him. The wounded Highlander at his feet cried, "For God's sake, General, don't you take the colors; they'll shoot you if you do!" The answer was, "Give me the colors! If they don't follow now, they never will;" and he sprang forward crying, "We are still Highlanders; follow Highlanders; forward my Highlanders!" The Highlanders did follow their Scottish chief, but while sweeping forward a ball struck him on his right temple. He dies instantly. An hour afterward, when taken up, his hands were still clenched around the flag staff. 
A moment after seizing the colors, his son, Capt. Hazzard Stevens, fell wounded, and cried to his father that he was hurt. With but a glance back, that Roman father said, "I can't attend to you now, Hazzard. Corporal Thompson, see to my boy."
The language I have given as Gen. Stevens was taken down upon the field by a member of his Staff. He had often remarked that if it were his fate to fall in battle, he hoped he should be shot through the temple and die instantly.

The Highland Regiment.
The Seventy-ninth (Highland) regiment recently returned home, the term of enlistment of a majority of its members having expired. The men who yet owe service to the government, and numbering one hundred and fifty of the three hundred and twenty-five who came home, have recently been directed to assemble on Hart's Island, and have been organized as the "Seventy-ninth battalion." Under this designation they are to take the field.
The batallion has been ordered to march to-day but it is likely it will be detained until next week! It is to be under the command of Captain Andrew Baird, who it is probable will be made a Major. Thee name of the Seventy-ninth is thus, it is understood, to be preserved in the field. 
The Seventy-Ninth regiment however, is one of our militia organizations and will soon resume its position in General Sandford's division.

Extract of a letter from the Major of the 79th to Mrs. KINNEAR:—
JAMES ISLAND, June 24, 1862.
Mrs. James Kinnear:
MADAM—I am sorry to inform you that your husband, Lieut. JAMES KINNEAR, of this Regiment, died on or about the 19th inst. He was wounded under the right arm in the fight on the 16th, from which he never recovered. The second day he partially rallied, but on the third he sank rapidly, and died early in the morning of the 19th or 20th, I am not certain which. 
He was interred with the honors of his station, near our late camp. Some of his things are here, and the remainder in Beaufort. I shall send on what are here, and direct that those in Beaufort be sent to your address.
Let me here express my mind by saying, that his loss to the Regiment was second only to the loss to his wife. As he was my Lieutenant when I was Captain of Company E, I had the most favorable opportunities of judging his character, and a more worthy, trusty, high-minded man could not be found in the service.
If there is anything I can do for you, command my services without restraint.
I am, Madam, yours respectfully, 
W. W. G. ELLIOTT, Major 76th Reg't.

The following letter is addressed to GEORGE GEARY, of this city:— (Albany)
HILTON HEAD, S. C , July 8, 1862.
FRIEND GEORGE—Before our troops evacuated James Island, I had the remains of our old and much lamented friend KINNEAR, disinterred, and placed in a strong box. I brought them with me, and buried them on this Island. I did this, because I felt that the many personal friends of the gallant deceased, as well as his family, would desire to have him buried among them. I have carefully, though plainly, marked his grave.
My headquarters will be hereafter on St. Helena Island. Should any party come after our friend's remains, they can rely upon my assistance. Do me the kindness to communicate with me on the subject by next mail.
Major ELLIOTT, of my regiment, has charge of the personal effects of the deceased, and by my direction will forward them by next express to his widow.
KINNEAR, at the time of his death, had nearly four months pay due him. This his widow can obtain by making application at the proper Department at Washington, either personally or through an attorney. His indebtedness
here—amounting to fifty or sixty dollars —I will see cancelled. 
My regards to all.
Yours, truly, A. FARNSWORTH,
Colonel Commanding 79th Highlanders.


Personal.—CRAMMOND KENNEDY, late chaplain of the gallant 79th Highlanders, formerly known as the Baptist boy preacher and revivalist, is announced to deliver his lecture entitled, "Two weeks under Burnside in East Tennessee," on Tuesday evening at Clayville, Wednesday at Winfield, and Friday at Waterville. He rejoins his class (which will then be the senior) at Madison University next October.
— As we anticipated, Lieut. Matthewson arrived home last Wednesday night, on a thirty days leave of absence—after having remained sixteen days in the New Hallowell hospital at Alexandria. We find him in the most buoyant spirits, and suffering less from the effects of his wound than we apprehended. He is able to get about his room by the aid of crutches, and like a true soldier seems anxious for the moment to arrive, when he may again be able to return to his post of duty. On the same night of his return, he received the intelligence—unexpected as it was gratifying—of his promotion to a captaincy in his regiment. For one who has been hotly engaged in over twenty general battles, and we know not how many skirmishes, this voluntary promotion is most certainly deserved and fitly bestowed.—Fort Plain Register.

Lieutenant Colonel Elliott having resigned his position in this regiment (he having received a commission from the Unites States War Department to raise and command another), the recruiting will be carried on as before, at the Mercer House.

Members of this regiment now in the city desirous of joining it at the seat of war, are requested to report themselves to Assistant Quartermaster Elliott, at room No. 7 Clinton Hall, Eighth street. Persons in possession of uniforms belonging to the regiment are also requested to leave them at the above mentioned place.

A statement appeared in this paper a few weeks ago to the effect that Second Lieutenant Samuel Douglas, of Company H, Seventy-ninth regiment, taken prisoner at Bull run, had been transferred to Charleston, with several other Union prisoners. Mr. Douglas was brought down from Richmond to Fortress Monroe, under a flag of truce, on the 10th of October, and therefore never was taken to Charleston, as previously stated. He now holds the rank of Second Lieutenant in Hawkins' Zouaves.

PROMOTED.—Col. Addison Farnsworth, late of the 79th (Highlanders) Regiment, who was wounded during the campaign of the Army of Virginia, and made a Major in the Invalid Corps, has been promoted to a Colonelcy in the same Corps. Col. F. is one of our oldest and most faithful volunteer officers, having gone through the Mexican war, and was one of the first to take his place again under the old flag on the outbreak of the Rebellion.

If the meeting held at 814 Broadway last night be an index of this Highland regiment, it points it out as one of the finest that would traverse the plains of the battle field. The very fact of its having assumed the name of one of Old Scotia's noblest and bravest battalions cannot but stamp indelible fame and renown upon its escutcheon, not to speak at all of the undaunted bravery that will, undoubtedly, at no distant day, be displayed by every member connected with the regiment when it is called upon to take its share in those valiant exploits that await it in defence of the constitutional freedom of this great country.
If there be any inspiration in the regimental uniform of the Seventy-ninth, not to speak of the warlike ardor which pervades the breast of every soldier in the corps, it will urge them forward and onward to feats of martial glory and triumphant victory. 
The meeting was called by the non-commissioned officers and privates of the regiment; and a spirit of enthusiasm appeared to animate all present, more particularly when the subject of the way was introduced. The hundreds of brave fellows present appeared to have only one object in view, the defence of the Union of the United States, and an earnest desire to support that flag which now waves triumphant.
At eight o'clock precisely the meeting was constituted by Sergeant Beattie being called on to preside, and who called the assemblage to order. Its object was to endorse the resolutions passed unanimously by the officers at a previous meeting, which appeared in our advertising columns. Mr. Wm. McKim was unanimously elected secretary to the meeting. The chairman having explained the objects of the meeting, it was moved, seconded and carried unanimously, that a member from each company be appointed a committee to prepare resolutions in support of those passed by the officers at a previous meeting. The following were then appointed:--First company, Mr. Calderwood; Second, Mr. Heywood; Third, Mr. Simpson; Fourth, Mr. Skillen; Sixth, Mr. Montgomery; Seventh, Mr. Mackenzie; Eighth, Mr. Stewart; Tenth, Mr. Orr. The Fifth and Ninth Companies were not represented. 
The committee then retired, after which Mr. Metcalf was called on from all parts to address the soldiers present. That gentleman did so in a spirit-stirring and patriotic address.
Captain John Mason, of the Seventy-ninth, being loudly called on, next presented himself, and addressed the meeting. The gallant officer concluded his address amidst reiterated cheers.
Several of the speakers addressed the soldiers in patriotic speeches.
The committee having returned to the meeting, the following resolutions were proposed and carried with a single dissentient.
Whereas, the Seventy-ninth regiment, Highland Guard being among the first in this city who volunteered their services through the Governor of this State to the president of the United States in support of the Union, the constitution and the laws; and whereas the officers of this regiment received orders on the 23d day of April, signed by major General Sandford to hold their several commands in readiness to embark for Washington within sixty hours; and whereas, the officers and privates of the several companies on the receipt of the above orders, resigned and relinquished our occupations and employments, to the great injury of ourselves, our families and in many instances to the injury of our employers; and whereas, we have read a series of resolutions adopted by the Board of Officers of this regiment, setting forth the unwarrantable and unjustifiable course pursued by Major General Sandford against this regiment in using the influence of his high position to back up misrepresentations and falsehoods; and whereas, a decent respect for the opinions of our fellow citizens compel us to publicly express our feelings; therefore, be it 
Resolved, That the course of Major General Sandford is, in our opinion, without precedent, impertinent and malicious, and meets with, as it justly deserves, the condemnation and contempt of every member of this regiment.
Resolved, That we reaffirm the statement made by the Board of Officers that the Seventy-ninth regiment, Highland Guard, was ready and eager to embark for Washington as per order, the despatch of Major General Sandford to Governor Morgan not withstanding.
Resolved, That our thanks are due to Brigadier General Ewen for his uniform kindness to the officers of this regiment, and for his untiring exertions to obtain in behalf of this regiment that acknowledgment to which we claim we are entitled . 
Resolved, That the last official act of the Colonel of this regiment meets with our special approbation: viz: his resignation.
Resolved, That the perseverance and untiring exertions of the Board of Officers to place the Seventy-ninth regiment on a proper war footing has been completely successful, and commands our respect and admiration.
Resolved, That to our fellow citizens who came forward so nobly to aid the regiment in procuring supplies, and support our wives and little ones during our expected absence, we tender our sincere and heartfelt thanks.
Resolved, That the ungenerous treatment this regiment has received at the hands of a few worthless officers has not dampened our love for the Union and the constitution, and we are still ready to defend and protect those noble and beloved institutions built by our Washington, our Jefferson and our Jackson. 
Signed by Robert Calderwood, John Haywood, W. Simpson, John Skillin, Bervie B. McKenzie, Thos. A. Stewart, David Orr, Wm. Montgomery. 
The meeting shortly afterwards broke up, but not before giving three fearful groans for general Sandford and Colonel McClay.
A special meeting of the Tenth company, Captain John Mason, was held at the Mercer House, on Thursday evening. First Lieutenant Cornwall presided. The following resolutions were presented and adopted:—
Resolved, That having been recruited and attached ourselves to the Seventy-ninth Highland Guard, we hereby determine to remain permanent members of the regiment, under our respected commander, Captain John Mason.
Resolved, That we place the most implicit confidence in the energy and devotedness of our commanding officer; that we do not individually take any transfer or furlough from him to pass into any other command, and that should he volunteer into active service we resolve to go with him in a body into any corps he may judge proper to attach himself.
The spirit displayed by the men speaks most commandingly of the untiring commander. He seems to have infused the ardor of the true soldier into the breast of every man under his control. The company are, with few exceptions, young men, mechanics, hardy and intelligent. In numerical strength they muster one hundred men, and cannot be excelled by any corps for the work of war. To-day they will attach themselves to any volunteer regiment, and go to the seat of war in defence of their country.

Owing to the resignation of Colonel McLeay of the Seventy-ninth regiment, the office of command devolves upon Lieutenant Colonel Elliott. The regiment being ready to march, do not desire to leave without having first filled this important post. They have therefore invited Lieutenant M. Coggswell, of the Eighth Infantry, U. S. A., recruiting officer of the Chatham street rendezvous, to take command.
Leave has been asked from the Secretary of War to allow Lieutenant Coggswell to accept of the position, and if the same is granted, the tender of the Colonelcy will be accepted. This officer has been in active service both in Mexico and New Mexico, the regiment to which he is attached being at present stationed at the Department of California.
A special meeting of the Board of Officers of the Seventy-ninth regiment (Highland Guard), was held yesterday afternoon at the Mercer House, when Lieut. Col. Elliott reported the result of negotiations with Gen. Wool and the Defence Committee. The following resolution was then presented and adopted:—
Whereas, the volunteer corps, according to general orders from headquarters, are intended to be moved before the militia corps:
Resolved, That the captains of this regiment report the same to the men under their command, and afford to those desirous of joining volunteer corps an opportunity of doing so. The regiment have also resolved upon a dress parade, and the men remaining in the corps under the several commands will therefore each be supplied with a uniform. Though delayed for the present the regiment may be ordered into headquarters at any moment. The treatment of the men by those in authority has caused great dissatisfaction and has occasioned great embarrassment, as a great number left their situations and discontinued their business with the expectation of being mustered into active service. The regiment, we understand, will present eight hundred uniformed men at their dress parade, which is to take place in the early part of next week It. is to be hoped that the government will not overlook our valuable militia corps, and afford the men who have manifested so much enthusiasm an opportunity of distinguishing themselves in the service of their country.

In common with the remaining New York regiments, feel deeply aggrieved at the action of the Military Board in countermanding the orders for their departure to Washington, The members have been taken from their employment, and no pecuniary remuneration given them in the meantime—thus causing great inconvenience to themselves and families. Night and day they have devoted their time to drilling and disciplining themselves for active service, and were highly enthusiastic to proceed to the scene of action; but the recent order has thrown cold water on their ardor, and rendered them very, very indignant. A meeting of the Board of Officers of the Seventy-ninth regiment was held yesterday, at which resolutions were adopted expressive of their sentiments in regard to the matter, and recommending application to the Secretary of War, by the regiments remaining in the city, for the acceptance of their services, in case the Governor does not deem it expedient to order out any more of the militia for the service of the general government.

For a long period General Sandford has been charged with incompetency as a commanding officer. If no foundation existed for this indictment during the reign of public tranquillity, the responsibilities of a state of war would promptly dispel such an impeachment. 
Let me then refer to his conduct to the Seventy-ninth, Second and other regiments of the regular militia corps. The general orders which directed that all the militia regiments should fill up their ranks and hold themselves ready for marching orders, is construed by the Major General to mean that such orders did not apply to the militia, especially the division under his command. Are then our fine military corps, who have stood sentinels at the gates of the constitution for the last fifty years, to be denied the right to signalize themselves in its defence on the field of action. Such an act of injustice—such a course of impolicy—such a culpable and criminal abuse of military authority, if persisted in, would destroy the morale of our State forces in the future history of our country.
To give precedence to volunteer corps in the great impending crisis of national danger is fraught with the most disastrous consequences to the permanent force of the State. A State militia which is denied the right to participate in the glories and sacrifices of actual warfare when such a calamity has eventuated, is stripped of the only means by which martial ardor is inspired and military prestige is preserved to secure a popular respect in the era of peaceful military display.
I have recruited one hundred men under my command in the Seventy-ninth, most of whom having left good situations as workmen in the city. Many of them have closed up their businesses, patriotically resolved to serve their country. The conduct of General Sandford leaves me in a most difficult position. I presume all the officers in command of the respective companies, are placed in the same situation. The bone and muscle of the mechanic—and the hard headed energy of the rising tradesmen thus organized, demand respect for their sacrifices, and I trust justice will yet be done, equally for their noble conduct, and for the safety of this great country.
Of the Seventy-ninth Highland Guard.

Sword Presentation and Supper to Capt. Laing.
A complimentary supper was given last evening to Captain Laing, of the Seventy-ninth New York Volunteers, who was wounded in six places at the battle of Bull run, and who purposes leaving the city during the present week to join his regiment, now at Port Royal. During the proceedings Captain Smith, the President of the meeting, on behalf of the donors, presented Captain Laing with a handsome claymore, and in reply the recipient gave a very graphic account of his experience before, at and after the battle at which he received his wounds. Several military gentlemen were present on the occasion.

It has been definitely settled that the Highland Guard will not leave this city until tomorrow evening, as it has been intimated to Lieutenant Colonel Elliott, commanding the regiment, that the firearms now in possession of the regiment, the old flint lock muskets, altered to percussion caps, will be exchanged for the Enfield rifles. It is, therefore, owing to this circumstance that the Seventy-ninth regiment is delayed. Otherwise they are fully equipped.
Since the above was in type the following official orders have been issued:—
NEW YORK, May 31, 1861.
Brigadier General John Ewen is hereby directed to order Lieutentant Colonel Elliott, commanding the Seventy-ninth regiment N. Y. S. M., to assemble his command on Sunday, June 2, at Palace Garden, at four P. M., to proceed to Washington. The regiment will take the Philadelphia cars, leaving foot of Cortlandt street, and report to the Commander-in-Chief on their arrival at Washington. 
By order, William Hall, Brigadier General Commanding
First Division N. Y. S. M.
Brigadier Inspector, Acting Division Inspector.

NEW YORK, May 31, 1861.
The foregoing special order, No 3, from Division Headquarters, are hereby promulgated. Lieutenant Colonel Elliott, will conform thereto.
By order of John Ewen, Brigadier General Commanding. 
NEW YORK, May 31, 1861.
Pursuant to the foregoing division and brigade orders, this regiment will be in readiness to leave their quarters, Palace Garden, fully uniformed and equipped, on Sunday, the 2d day of June, at four o'clock P. M., to proceed to
Washington. Captains of companies will have their commands in readiness to fall into line by half-past two o'clock P. M.
By order of Lieutenant Colonel L. M. Elliott.

The Seventy-ninth Highland Guard proceeds to Washington this evening, leaving Palace Garden at five o'clock, passing by the General's quarter in Twentieth street to receive a flag from Mrs. Ewen. General Ewen will accompany the regiment to Washington.
It was confidently expected that the regiment would be enabled to start for Washington yesterday morning, but Lieutenant Colonel Elliott did not feel himself justified to take out his regiment but partially equipped and without arms. The weapons received on Tuesday night, of which a notice appeared in yesterday's Herald, consisted of only one hundred Enfield rifles, which was all the state could afford to give to a first class regiment to start on a campaign. Since the order was issued on Monday by the Union Defence Committee for the regiment to get into marching order additional recruits have been taken in the ranks and considerable work done. Still the Seventy-ninth was so deficient in everything that it was a moral impossibility to start the same day as the order called for. 
Uniforms have been distributed to the men, as well as haversacks, blankets and under clothing. Still the most important items, knapsacks and muskets, were kept back, and only late last night the requisite number of knapsacks were delivered to the regiment. Captain Shillinglaw, of the Ninth company, Secretary to the Board of Officers, has been indefatigable to get the regiment in proper order. Late last evening he received a requisition from Captain Hayman, United States Army, on Commissary General Welch for the requisite number of muskets and ten thousand rounds of cartridges, which will be at the rendezvous at eight o'clock this morning, and the regiment fully equipped. Captain Shillinglaw, when he found that his regiment was not among those accepted by the State, when the others of the New York State Militia were sent to the scene of action, he took his command into the ranks of a volunteer regiment, and spent considerable time and money to go into service. But as soon as he heard of the Seventy-ninth regiment being under marching orders, he immediately returned, and now forms the Ninth company of the Highland Guard. The regiment will leave their quarters about two o'clock, and proceed to the residence of Mr. Cameron, No. 64 Fifth avenue, where a regimental flag will be presented to them by Mrs. Cameron. From here the march will be continued to No. 33 West Twentieth street, where the lady of the Brigadier General will also present the Highlanders with a stand of colors. Yesterday afternoon a dress parade was had in the Washington Parade Ground.
NEW YORK, May 29, 1861.
Pursuant to General and Division orders, the Seventy-ninth regiment will proceed to Washington, under command of Lieutenant Colonel McKenzie Elliott, on Thursday evening, the 30th instant. Lieutenant Colonel Elliott will direct the regiment to leave their quarters at Palace Garden, at 5 o'clock P. M., and take the train of cars at Jersey City, at 7 o'clock P. M. By order of JOHN EWEN, Brigadier General Commanding.

After many vexatious delays, and no less than six feint starts, the Seventy-ninth regiment Highland Guard, Lieutenant Colonel Elliott, commanding, made out to start at last, for the seat of war, last evening, via Philadelphia and Baltimore. The regiment mustered at their headquarters, Palace Garden, at two o'clock, and from thence marched through Twentieth street, paying Brigadier General John Ewen a marching salute, and to receive the General who accompanies them to Washington. From there they proceeded to the residence of Mr. Cameron, No. 54 Fifth avenue, where the regiment received an elegant silk banner.
The route of march was then continued to the Jersey City ferry, where the regiment embarked on the John P. Jackson and was transported to the railroad depot. At this place the scene beggared description. As many people as the immense building could accommodate were packed in, and it required the exertions of the police to enforce order. His Honor Mayor Van Vorst, Chier Marinas and his efficient aid, Mr. Ayres, were present, directing the police arrangements. Owing to an accident happening to the baggage, by a wagon upsetting on the New York side, the regiment did not leave the depot until near ten o'clock. As the cars moved out of the depot the cheering was tremendous.
The members of the Highland Guard were glad to get off, and did scarcely credit the order to leave until the locomotive finally started. They were escorted to the train by the Caledonian Club, in full costume, and also by Brigadier General Hall. The following is a list of their officers:—
Field and Staff Officers.—Lieutenant Colonel, S. M. Elliott, commanding; Major, David McClelland; Adjutant, David Ireland; Quartermaster, Patrick Home; Surgeon, James Norval, M. D.; Paymaster, John R. Watson; Engineer, John J. Shaw.
Company A—Captain, Wm. Manson; First Lieutenant, Wm. Morrison; Second Lieutenant, John A. McPherson.
Company B—Captain, James Farrish; First Lieutenant, John White; Second Lieutenant, David Falconer.
Company C—Captain, Thomas Barclay; First Lieutenant, Kenneth Madison; Second Lieutenant, W. A. L. Ostrander.
Company D—Captain, David Brown; First Lieutenant, John Moore; Second Lieutenant, Wm. Falconer.
Company E—Captain, David Morrison; First Lieutenant, J. B. Ayres; Second Lieutenant, A. Sinclair.
Company F—Captain, James Christie; First Lieutenant, Robert McNie; Second Lieutenant, vacant.
Company G—Captain, Joseph Laing; First Lieutenant, L. Dick; Second Lieutenant, W. B. Ives.
Company H—Captain, J. C. Coulter; First Lieutenant, Robert Campbell; Second Lieutenant, Wm. B Drake.
Company I— Captain, R. T. Shillinglaw; First Lieutenant, Wm. Elliot; Second Lieutenant, G. W. Pier.
Company K—Captain, H. A. Ellis; First Lieutenant, S. R. Elliott.

WASHINGTON, June 6, 1861.
Mr. Cameron, brother of the Secretary of War, and of Scotch origin, has been appointed Colonel of the Seventy-ninth (Scotch) regiment, of New York.
The officers of this regiment appeared in full costume at Secretary Seward's levee tonight, which was one of the most brilliant yet given by that gentlemen.
The commissioned officers of the Maine and Ohio regiments were also guests of the Secretary of State.

— The mutiny of a majority of this Regiment when ordered to march into the encampment of Gen. SICKLES'S Brigade, was summarily put down, and the ringleaders will be properly punished. The mutiny afforded General Mc-CLELLAN an opportunity to exhibit his energy; and the mode by which he did so will increase the confidence already felt in him as the man for the place. He took away their colors, to be restored only when they shall prove themselves worthy of them. If the opportunity is given them to meet the enemy, they will not be long without their colors; for no regiment exhibited greater courage and daring at Bull's Run than the 79th

[Special Correspondence of the Sunday Mercury.]
via Washington, October 15, 1861.
To the Editors of the Sunday Mercury:
I had no doubt but you are surprised at not hearing from me lately, but a small explanation will, no doubt, satisfy you that I ought to be excused. In returning from home, after recovering from my wounds, I found myself rather unpleasantly situated with regard to the company to which I belong. That is now happily arranged to the satisfaction of all concerned, and I am doing my duty-at least, with satisfaction to myself.
Now about how we are getting along. Well, we have been into four successful skirmishes lately, and helped to build two first-rate fortifications, and several bridges. (But you must excuse the further knowledge of them, as it might give aid and comfort to the enemy.) All has been done under the able direction of General I. J. Stevens, our late colonel, but who has, with the consent of the proper authority, retained us in his brigade, as well as with the unanimous consent of the regiment, who have the utmost confidence in his abilities as a commander. Our pickets are now within two thousand yards of the enemy's, and we have several exchanges almost every day. Yesterday, the Forty-ninth Regiment, N. Y. V., were on picket, and sent out a skirmishing party, by orders of General Stevens who also sent three of the Seventy-ninth to act as guides. Your friend happened to be one of those selected, and by their-the Forty-ninth's-own knowledge of the ground, and that of Colonel Cross, who commanded the expedition, and ours combined, we arrived within three hundred yards of their pickets before they perceived us, when they opened fire upon us They advanced their reserve to strengthen their pickets, and our officers advanced ours to strengthen our skirmishers, and a steady fire was kept up for about an hour. Only one of our men--of the Forty-ninth--was wounded. How many of the enemy, we know not, but we saw several of them fall, when the shades of evening notified us that it was time for us to return, we having obtained the necessary information, namely, the true position of the enemy. And one thing I must say of the Forty-ninth Regiment and their officers, that they engaged the enemy, and stood the fire, as well as any veterans. I was very much surprised when told that this was the first time they had been under fire, and they knowing that five times their number was in front of them. They returned in as good order as from parade. Nor did we return far until we found that the Seventy-ninth were out to a man to our assistance, should it have been required, when we—the guides—joined our own regiment—the Seventy-ninth—and we all returned to camp together, which was only about two miles distant from where we encountered their pickets.
In the Seventy-ninth, there has been many changes since Bull Run, especially among the officers. There are three captains and three lieutenants prisoners; one captain was killed; one took French leave; one resigned [and one has not yet so far recovered from his wounds as to take command; two are on furlough, and only one of the original captains who left New York with the regiment is with it in camp at present. There has been two elections for captains held—one in the Fourth Company (of which David Brown was captain, and was killed at Bull Run while leading on his company.) First Lieutenant John Moore (who was also severely wounded at the same time) has been elected captain, to fill that vacancy, he having returned to duty; and First Lieutenant Robert McNie has been elected Captain of the Sixth Company, in place of Captain Crissie, who has retired from the service. Orderly Sergeant A. Graham has been elected Second Lieutenant of the Eighth Company, and Orderly Sergeant Keith Gilmore Second Lieutenant of the Seventh Company. Several other officers are filled pro. tem., until the prisoners, or wounded, or furloughed return. Yet, with all its difficulties, no regiment in the service has better line officers, nor is there one that has done more service for the country; nor is there one that there is less said about in the service that the Seventy-ninth.
As to our field officers, we have neither yet elected colonel, lieutenant-colonel, nor major, all of which offices are now vacant. The first is vacant on account of Colonel I. J. Stevens being appointed a brigadier general; the second on account of Lieutenant-Colonel Elliott having resigned, and the third on account of Major McLelland having re-signed. It is supposed that at least the two last will he filled from the present line officers of the regiment. Several have been spoken of for colonel, but most prominent amongst the number is Captain Willard, United States Army, and Brigade-Major Robert Taylor, of the Fourth Brigade, N. Y. S. M. Both are excellent officers, and the only difficulty is to ascertain whether either one will accept, which, I believe, will be settled in a few days.
I will now give you an account of the duty of last week. We had eight hours rest in our bed in camp. We got wet through all our clothing three times, with the privilege of letting them dry on our backs. One of the rain and hail storms lasted for eight hours. I picked up one piece of hail as large as a hen's egg, it being the largest hail ever seen by the natives in this part. The balance of the time we were skirmishing or on picket duty, or taking a nap on the roadside or field when relieved from duty. And for all its being the hardest week we have had in the service, every one seemed satisfied, and made no complaint. 
Our camp is now advanced, and we are again snug in our tents except when an alarm happens, or our turn of picket duty, every fifth day. The strictest discipline is enforced with all now, and has made us what we really think ourselves at the present time—good soldiers. 
I must now say a little about our arms. We have six different kinds of muskets in our regiment; the most of them are the common Harper's Ferry or Springfield smooth bore, the balance are a few Enfield rifled-muskets, best arm in the service, some Springfield and Harper's Ferry rifles, and Minie rifles—the three last described were picked up by the men at Bull Run. Now, I must tell our friends, and those having control of the arms of our State, that this regiment has agreed upon one thing; that is, that they are entitled to Enfield-rifled muskets, and ought to have them, as we know that we have earned them. Just fancy a regiment, on skirmishing duty, meeting face-to-face with the enemy; at five hundred yards they open fire on us, their balls wounding our men, and going as far beyond us. We return the fire with the common musket; our shot fall short, or take no effect; they roar out and laugh at us; their outer pickets, and skirmishers, and reserves are armed with the Harper's Ferry and Springfield rifle, which are equal to the Enfield, only a little heavier.
Now, this has actually happened under my own observation, and in which I have been a party, who, at least, tried to do my duty under the said circumstances. Several of our friends promised and tried in vain to obtain the Enfield musket for us; and now the only chance we think that is left is, to appeal to our friends in the Old Country, whom we at least know have some regard for their children. 
Why not give those common muskets to companies forming, until they are fit to take the front in the field? Or are we denied them because we claim this as our adopted country? We should like to have these questions answered, as our minds are made up to have them in some way or other.
We have just (at 6 A. M., Oct. 16) returned from hunting up the cause of another false alarm—the long-roll beat at 1 A. M.—cause was, putting green soldiers on picket.
OCT. 16th, 3 P. M. —We have just now received the serious intelligence that our general, I, J. Stevens, is ordered to another command by the War Department—to what place or for what cause we know not, but we think it is on some secret engineering expedition. He has just received a dispatch, and packed up his things, and taken a farewell with us in less time than it took to feed his horse; and I can assure you it brought the big tears to the eye of many a brave man. He was much affected himself at the same time. The Board of Officers met immediately after, and passed resolutions commendatory of his conduct, knowledge, and bravery while in command of the Seventy-ninth Regiment, a copy of which I will forward you as soon as I can procure it.
I understand that all officers and non-commissioned officers and privates now on furlough or detailed on recruiting service are to be ordered to report themselves for duty at the camp immediately—their places to be filled by wounded members who are now able to perform that duty. I think that is a very good move, and will be very satisfactory to the regiment. Hoping that you will excuse the length of this letter, also the imperfections in it, I remain,
Yours, respectfully,

Returning Veterans.
The Seventy-ninth Regiment New-York Volunteers, Highlanders, left Washington last evening, and will be received by the Caledonian Club at Pier No. 2 North River, this morning, at 10 o'clock. On Wednesday, escorted by the Twenty-second, Fifty-fifth and Sixty-ninth Regiments, they will be reviewed by the Mayor and Common Council, after which a grand dinner will be given them by the authorities. 
This is one of the three militia regiments which left this State for two years; but finding, at the expiration of their term of enlistment, that the Government was unwilling to part with them, they nobly remained another year. They were in the battles of First Bull Run, James Island, Antietam and Fredericksburgh, after which they went to Kentucky—from there to Mississippi, taking part in the siege of Vicksburgh; thence to Jackson, thence back again to Kentucky, taking part in the East Tennessee expedition under Burnside, after which they joined the Army of the Potomac, and were in the battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Courthouse.
In every battle they have behaved with the utmost bravery and they now return to us crowned with glory. It is to be hoped their reception will be worthy of one of the bravest and most gallant regiments that ever left this City.
(N. Y. Times, Mar. 17)

The Seventy-ninth regiment (Highland Guard) reached New York yesterday, having served out its full three years. It went out a thousand strong, and comes back with less than one hundred of its original members, although it now has three hundred and twenty-four men in its ranks—two hundred and twenty-four being new recruits. These will probably return to the field, either in the same regiment recruited up, or in some new organization.
The Seventy-ninth has been in most of the battles of the war—commencing with the first Bull Run. Col. CAMERON, its first Colonel, was killed at Bull Run. Gen. STEVENS, of Oregon, was also Colonel, before his promotion and death. He was succeded by Col. FARNSWORTH, who was disabled by wounds when leading them in battle. Lieut. Col. MORRISON was then given command.

C i t y M i l i t a r y.
On Friday evening next this regiment is ordered to assemble at the Centre Market Armory for the purpose or receiving pay for their services in the recent riots.
The following address, issued by friends of the above regiment, will explain itself:—
The New York Seventy-ninth regiment (Highlanders) has gained for itself an honorable reputation for courage, good conduct and discipline wherever it has served, and the citizens of New York may well feel proud of its achievements. It was mustered into service at the beginning of the war, and was engaged in the first eventful struggle at Manassas, and it afterwards served with credit in South Carolina. From this department it was again transferred to the Army of the Potomac, and at Chantilly its brave colonel (General Stevens) fell, with its colors in his hand, in the front of the battle, and not far distant from the place where its former colonel (James Cameron) also fell. It was afterwards engaged at Cedar Mountain and at Antietam, where it received the thanks of its commander on the field for its coolness and stubborn courage After the struggle at Fredericksburg, it was transferred to the Department of the West, and was with General Grant at the capture of Vicksburg, and after this it pursued General Johnston to Jackson; and it is now serving in East Tennessee. Its Colonel--David Morrison, of New York—is now acting as brigade commander, and in all the struggles in which it has participated it has gained the praise of its commanders, and in some cases has won the admiration of its foes. Its friends, who desire to contribute in furnishing bonnets, are respectfully requested to do so by handing their subscriptions to any of the members of the Executive Committee. 
The Treasurer is Mr. F. H. Bartholomew, No. 84 Marion street. A meeting to arrange matters relative to the above was held on the 18th of last month, at the house of Mr. Bartholomew, when routine matters were attended to as before stated. The New-York Times.

Arrival of the Seventy-ninth Regiment.
The Seventy-ninth Regiment New-York State Volunteers, after three years of faithful service, returned to this City yesterday morning, their term of enlistment having expired. They were received by the members of the Caledonian Club, and escorted up Broadway amidst the cheering of numerous spectators. The gallant Col. MORRISON, though suffering from a wound received in the battle at Spottsylvania Court-house, rode at the head of his regiment. The Seventy-ninth was reviewed about noon, in front of the City Hall, by Mayor GUNTHER and the Common Council, after which it was escorted by the Sixty-ninth Regiment to the Jefferson Market drill rooms, where the officers and men sat down to a sumptuous dinner. In deference to the wishes of the returning veterans, who were anxious, after so long an absence, to greet their families and their friends, but few speeches—and those short and fitting—were made during the dinner.
The utmost harmony and good feeling prevailed, and every utterance of patriotic sentiment was greeted with enthusiastic applause.
The hard service which the Seventy-ninth has seen during the past three years, is strikingly illustrated by the fact that in May, 1861, it went out 1,000 strong, and returned yesterday with about 250 men in the ranks, and of these, only 120 or 130 were original members of the regiment. Yet there is probably not a man among the survivors who would not willingly shoulder his musket again, should his services be required, and march to the defence of his country as cheerfully and courageously as in the first year of the war.

Its Return to the City—Its Brilliant History and Heroic Service.
As the sun was going down, one Sunday evening, three years since, the Seventy-ninth New-York (Highland) Regiment, clad in the ancient and picturesque costume of the Scottish Highlanders, passed down Broadway amid the plaudits and farewells of a loyal multitude. They were over a thousand bayonets strong; and there never marched to the field a thousand men braver, prouder, more intelligent and patriotic. Since that 2d of June, 1861, the Seventy-ninth Regiment have done an amount of soldierly service in varied and distant fields and campaigns that seem almost incredible. In Virginia, in South Carolina, in Maryland, in Mississippi, in Tennessee, in Kentucky, and again in Virginia, it has campaigned. It has served under MCDOWELL, MCCLELLAN, POPE and HUNTER; under BURNSIDE in Virginia, and under BURNSIDE in Tennessee. It has served under Brig.-Gen. GRANT, while he commanded at Vicksburgh; under Major-Gen. GRANT while he commanded in Tennessee: and under Lieut.-Gen. GRANT in his late operations in Virginia. It fought at the first Bull Run, at the second Bull Run, at the bloody battles of James Island, at South Mountain and Antietam, at Fredericksburgh, at Vicksburgh and Jackson, at Knoxville and at the Wilderness. These are the great actions in which it has taken part, but the minor though no less perilous fights in which it has been engaged are numerous as the men who at first filled its populous ranks.
It has met with every variety of fortune, and seen every kind of warfare—open field fights, attacks upon fortifications, charges upon artillery, collisions with cavalry, bushwhacking and Indian fighting. It has besieged rebel strongholds, and has in turn withstood a rebel siege. It has been in brave victories, East and West, and has, on frequent fields, seen the tide of battle turn against itself, and against the armies of the Union.
The exact number of men with which the Seventy-ninth left New-York was 1,012. It was an old Scottish militia regiment of this City, and was one of the two or three City militia regiments, which, as an organized body, volunteered for the war under the first impulse of patriotic enthusiasm produced by the rebel assault on Fort Sumter. Their term of enlistment was for two years; but, as there was a dispute with the authorities on this point, the regiment, with true soldierly spirit, agreed to serve out, and fight on for another year. Col. JAMES CAMERON (brother of the then Secretary of War) a gentlemen or large fortune and of American birth, though of strong Scottish feelings and character, was appointed Colonel of the regiment immediately after it reached Washington, and, as will be remembered, fell at the battle of Manassas while heroically leading his men. The distinguished Col. ISAAC I. STEVENS, who fell at the battle of Chantllly, was successor to Col. CAMERON, but he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier. Col. FARNSWORTH next assumed command, while the regiment was at Hilton Head, immediately after the capture of Port Royal. This officer left his position on account of ill health, and the command of it was assumed pro tem. by Lieut.-Col. MORRISON. From Port Royal, they returned to the Army of the Potomac, and were with Gen. POPE through his whole campaign. Here Col. FARNSWORTH was wounded and disabled, and the former Colonel (then Brigadier-General) STEVENS, as already mentioned, was killed at Chantilly. It was after several color sergeants had been shot that STEVENS seized the flag, and fell while bearing it aloft. From March, 1862, until the present time, the former Lieutenant-Colonel of the regiment (MORRISON) an able, accomplished, and lion-hearted officer, has been at its head in all its engagements, and has on every occasion acquitted himself with the highest honor. He was wounded in the head at the battle of James Island, in which engagement the regiment lost 117 men, and was again wounded in the Wilderness on the 9th inst. The services of the Seventy-ninth [in Mc-CLELLAN'S campaign in Maryland, and in BURNSIDE'S campaign on the Rappadan neck, need not here be recapitulated, nor will we more than mention its labors on the Mississippi. Its magnificent defence of Fort Saunders, during LONGSTREET'S desperate assault on the works around Knoxville at the close of last year, in which assault, aided by BENJAMIN'S Battery, it repelled five regiments of rebels, must be fresh in the memories of all. After the raising of the siege of Knoxville, the regiment marched northward through Kentucky and reached Virginia in season to participate in the late battles of the Wilderness.
What remains of this heroic regiment will arrive in this City to-day. The programme is that it will be received at 7 o'clock in the morning by the Caledonian Club, by the Sixty-ninth Regiment, Col. BAG- LEY the Fifty-fifth, Col. LE GAL, and Twenty- second Col. ASPINWALL. At 11 o'clock it will be reviewed by the Common Council, and then escorted to dinner at Jefferson Market Drill-room. No honors could be too great for a regiment with such a record as this one.

MAY 24, 1864.--WITH SUP...
Welcome to the Seventy-ninth (Highlanders).
Reception and Banquet at the City Assembly Rooms.
The reception given last evening to the gallant survivors of the Seventh-ninth regiment (Highlanders) who have returned from the glorious field of war, after three years hard service, is an evidence of how fully their fellow countrymen and fellow citizens acknowledge their patriotic services in defence of the institutions of their adopted country. The immortal Wallace and his Spartan band of brave Highlanders who followed his victorious lead through the various and bloody contests which for a time baffled the power of the proud King Edward, were not more cordially received by their fellow Scotsmen after the glorious victory of Bannockburn, than were the stalwart veterans of the Seventy-ninth by their clansmen of the Caledonia Club at the City Assembly Rooms last evening. The room was decorated in the most artistic manner with the battle flags of the regiment--the national ensign occupying a prominent position in the well arranged ornamentation of the banquet hall.
At half-past seven o'clock the doors were thrown open and the veteran soldiers, preceded by their officers, marched into the room with the measured step of well trained cavaliers, to the music of the Highland pipes, the sound of which brings a thrill of patriotic ardor to the heart of every true Scot, who remembers the beloved Highlands of his ancestors in the ....
... in the bloody days when they battled for the independence of their native land.
The most exciting epicure could not have desired a more plentiful nor choice selection if viands of every description than was spread out on this festive occasion, and at eight o'clock, after prayer by the chaplain of the regiment, that party sat down to supper. 
After discussing the merits of the more substantial part of the repast, and when the health of the returned heroes had been toasted in full, flowing bumpers by the guests, the intellectual portion of the entertainment was commenced.
The first regular toast was "Welcome to the Seventy-ninth Highlanders." Which was responded to by Mr. Henry G. Stevenson, who delivered a very eloquent address, in which he referred with just pride to the valor displayed by his countrymen on the field of battle.
At the conclusion of Mr. Stevenson's remarks the band played "Sweet Home" in exquisite style, after which Mr. Henry Woodroof responded to the toast of the "President of the United States."
He commenced by referring to the peculiar position in which the Chief magistrate was placed when he assumed the responsibility of discharging the duties which devolved upon him; the country had suddenly been transformed from a state of profound peace into a state of intestine war, and the constitution, which made no provision for such an emergency, left Mr. Lincoln with no other alternative than to either call upon the people to suppress the rebellion or acknowledge to the Powers of Europe that republicanism on this continent was a failure. He chose the former, and the brave Highlanders, who were the recipients of this banquet, were among the first who responded to the call. (Cheers.) Their deeds of valor were not forgotten by their fellow citizens, and when the rebellion will be suppressed they will have the proud satisfaction of knowing that they have nobly contributed to that glorious result.
Mr. George Mitchell, the Chief of the Caledonian Club, who presided on the occasion, then read the following letter from Hon. Simon Cameron:--
Harrisburg, Pa, may 22, 1864.
DEAR SIR--I am pained to be compelled to make an apology for not responding in person to your invitation to meet the gallant Seventy-ninth on its return from its long, brilliant and honored service in the war for the defence of the republic. They have presented to the world a glorious spectacle of independent valor--every one of them independent, because he relied on his own character and his own exertions for his support. Leaving his comfortable home for the hardships of a soldier's life, to save the country which had given them an asylum, they were not mercenary soldiers, for they volunteered without any bounty, and in three years service have been in all the important battles fought in the States of Virginia, South Carolina, Maryland, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Georgia, everywhere, by accident or design, this regiment has been put into the front of the battles. More than once it seemed to me that they were made the forlorn hope; that in no case has ever an individual soldier been known to waver in the hottest of the fight; to such men all honor is due, and I trust this country will be forever grateful to them. For some weeks I have expected the arrival of the regiment and anticipated the pleasure of taking the returned Highlanders by the hand, for every one of them has endeared himself to me by associations which time cannot obliterate from my memory; and every one of them has made me proud of his acquaintance by the heroism, the patriotism, the cool courage and the uncomplaining endurance with which the whole regiment has borne all the hardships incident to a soldier's life. I beg that you will greet the Seventy-ninth Highlanders for me. Say to them, under my directions, and proud of my common descent with them from the "men of the hills" who have always been true to their government and their country, and who have never turned their backs upon a friend or a foe. Repeating my regret at not being able to meet you, I beg you, sir, to believe me, very sincerely, your friend. 
To Geo. Mitchell, Esq., Chief of Caledonian Club.
The next regular toast was "the Army and Navy of the United States."
Colonel F. A. Concklin responded in a very happy style, after which Craman Kennedy, the Baptist boy preacher who has shared the glories and fatigues of the Seventy-ninth in the field of fame, where he administered spiritual consolation to many a brave fellow whose bones lie buried in the land of the enemy, was called upon, and delivered a most eloquent address, at the conclusion of which he bade them an affectionate farewell. He was listened to with marked attention, and when he concluded, he received several rounds of hearty applause. 
Mr. George Simson sang "Sweet Jessie, the Flower of Dumbiaine," in a style which called forth most rapturous applause. When our reporter left at a late hour the festivities were still going on.

The Seventy-ninth New-York Volunteers, familiarly known as the "Highlanders," arrived last night, and, after their arms and equipments were deposited at the State Agency, the regiment dispersed until this morning, first eating supper at the tables spread for them. The Highlanders were originally taken into the field by Lieut.-Col. Samuel McKenzie Elliott, under whose auspices the Seventy-ninth was organized in April, 1861, entering the United States service on the 23d of that month, leaving New-York on the 2d of June, under the command of Lieut.-Col. Elliott. On their arrival at Washington on the 4th of June, the regiment numbered over 1,000. The first battle of the Seventy-ninth was that of the first Bull Run, in 1861, fighting in W. T. Sherman's brigade, and the regiment was commanded by Col. Cameron, (brother of the then Secretary of War,) who was killed during the engagement.
The Seventy-ninth, under command of Col. Stevens, afterward General, was assigned to the expedition, under general Sherman, to port Royal, and the regiment remained at that place some six or eight months, participating in the battle of James Island, June 16, 1862, and the battle of Coosaw on the 1st of January of the same year. Joining the Ninth Corps, under Burnside, at Newport News, they continued with that corps through the campaigns of Pope and McClellan, of 1862. They went with the Ninth Corps to Fredericksburgh, and left with the corps for Tennessee, fighting all through that terrific campaign with gallentry. The Seventy-ninth also returned to Virginia with gen. Burnside, to participate with the Army of the Potomac in the grand campaigns of Gen. Grant against Richmond.
Since their entrance into the United States service in 1861, the regiment has had 3,000 enlisted men, with a full complement of officers. They now return with 256 enlisted men and 16 officers. 
In May 1864, about 250 men with a majority of the officers were mustered out of the service in new-York; the veterans returning to the field.
Their loss as a veteran regiment has been from various causes, over 500 enlisted men and 3 officers. 
The regiment has, during the war participated in twenty-six engagements, and has served under Gens. Grant, Sherman, Burnside, Hooker, McClellan,
Meade, &c. 
The following battles form the record of the Seventy-ninth New-York.
1861—Bull Run, Va., July 21.
1862 —Coosaw, N. C. Jan. 1; James Island, S. C., June 16; Manassas Plains, Va., Aug. 30; Chantilly, Va., Sept. 1; South Mountain, Md., Sept. 14; Antietam, Md., Sept. 17; Fredericksburgh, Va., Dec. 13.
1863—Blue Spring, Tenn. Oct. 10; Campbell's Station, Tenn., Nov. 16; Siege of Knoxville, Tenn., Nov. 17—Dec. 5.
1864--Wilderness, Va., May 5-6; Spottsylvania, Va., May 7-8; Tolopotomy, Va., May 20; North Anna, Va., May 22; Cold Harbor Va., June 1; Bethesda Church, Va., June 7; Siege of Petersburgh, Va., Cemetery Hill, Va., July 30; Poplar Grove Church, Va., Sept. 29-30; First Hatcher's Run, Va., Oct. 27.
1865—Siege of Petersburgh, Va., January to April; Second Hatcher's Run, Feb. 4; assault upon the enemy ' s works, (usually known as Fort Stedman,) March 25; grand assault on Petersburgh, Va., April 1; Capture of Petersburgh, Va., April 3; surrender of LEE, April 9.
The following is a list of the officers:
Field and Staff--Henry G. Heffron, Lieutenant-Colonel; Andrew D. Baird, Major; David J . Mallon, Adjutant; John M. Fiannelly, Quartermaster.
Captains—Francis W. Judge, Co. A; James McLean, Co. B; Alexander L. Baird, Co. C; James L. King, Co. D; James Innes, Co. E; Alfred Douglas, Co. F. 
First Lieutenants—Francis Gallagher, Nathan E. Arnold, Charles Lowen.
Second Lieutenants—John P. Turner, Samuel Aldeyne. 
Capt. Judge is generally known as the "Hero of Fort Saunders," one of the forts in the defences of Knoxville, Tenn., for his gallant action in seizing a rebel color planted on the ramparts. Capt. Judge was at that time a Sergeant and was recommended for a medal of honor.

It is the intention of the many friends of the Highland Regiment to give them a formal, yet hearty reception to-day, and with this praiseworthy end in view, great preparations have for some time been in active progress. Besides the Second Company of the Seventh Regiment, all the ex-members and officers of the Seventy-ninth will turn out, as well as those of the original militia organization, which gave birth to the gallant command that has so well sustained the Scottish name during the war. The route of march will be as follows: From Centre Market up Grand street to Bowery and Fourth avenue, round Union square to Broadway, and so on up to the Fifth Avenue Hotel. The route of march will then retrace its steps to Centre Market, by the Fifth avenue to Fourteenth street, and down Broadway.
ROBERTSON'S full band will be present to escort the Seventy-ninth Regiment, their old command. The following order explains itself:
New-York, July 17, 1865.
COMPANY ORDER, NO. 5.—Pursuant to special regimental order of this date, this company will parade on Tuesday, 18th instant, at 2 1/2 o'clock P. M., in full fatigue, (gray pants,) for the purpose of receiving and escorting the Seventy-ninth Regiment, New-York Veteran Volunteers, Brev. Col. Heffron, on its return to this city after four year's service in the field. 
By order of PETER PALMER, Captain.