Civil War Newspaper Clippings
THIRD REGIMENT (CAVALRY) NEW YORK STATE MILITIA.
A company of one hundred men, volunteers from the Third regiment (cavalry) New York State Militia, were to have left this city-yesterday afternoon for Washington, but owing to the detention caused by the mustering into the United States service, they were not able to go, but will no doubt leave this morning.
At an early hour the men gathered together at the Arsenal, corner of Thirty-fifth street and Seventh avenue, where they were drilled in the most careful manner by the officers in field movements and the saber exercise. It must be recollected that these men are not fresh hands at the business, but are men who thoroughly understand their duties, or as much as any militia regiment can that has not seen active service or faced the dangers of a real war. In the large drill room of the Arsenal were gathered the friends and relatives of the soldiers, and many affecting scenes took place. Such things, however, are not for the eye of the public, and we will pass them over. As soon as all the little preliminaries had been gone through with, the men marched out and mounted their horses, falling at once into line, when they awaited the arrival of the mustering and appraising officers. Some time elapsed ere they appeared on the ground, the company in the meantime sitting patiently in their saddles. At about five o'clock the mustering and appraising began, and was conducted in the following manner:—Captain Haymen, of the United States Army, had each man brought before him, mounted and an examination took place, the man's name, age, &c., being compared with the muster roll, and if they properly tallied the man was declared all right. Then followed an appraisal of the horse and its equipments, the value being entered in its proper place on the muster roll. The valuation was conducted by other parties than the mustering officer, who merely took down the value of the animal as the appraisers named it. Much dissatisfaction prevailed among the men at the price set upon their horses, it in many cases not being within $50 or $60 dollars of the price actually paid the day before by the owners. The appraisers argued that they had nothing to do with what was paid for the horse, they judged by what they could purchase them themselves for. The average value of the animals was about $110 the highest price being $160, and the lowest $60. In each case $25 and upwards was allowed for the equipments, independent of the value of the horse. The valuation is made on the part of the government for the purpose of knowing what to pay these men in case they should lose their horse by being killed or captured, the horse in all cases being the property of the rider. The inspection was not finished until late in the afternoon, and the consequence was that the men were not able to go, as they had yet to get all their necessaries, such as blankets, pails, currycombs and forage for their horses, those things not being furnished until the mustering in has taken place.
An immense crowd was collected in the vicinity, and was with the greatest difficulty that the police, assisted by some of the troopers, could keep the people back. There was no disturbance, however, everybody being in the greatest good humor. Lager bier was in immense demand, and from the length of time the men were kept waiting, they imbibed rather too much, many of them sitting rather uneasily in their saddles, and the horses were often blamed, when the fault actually lay with the riders. An escort was in waiting to accompany them to the boat, but they were not wanted, and they returned to their homes. The company numbers one hundred men and is officered as follows:—
Captain, G. W. Sauer; Lieutenant, M. Baust; Acting Quartermaster, S. Rosenblatt; Veterinary Surgeon, S. Born; Quartermaster Sergeant, M. Coppo; Orderly Sergeant, Joseph Smith.
CAMP RANKER RUN, NEWBERN, N. C.,
July 8th, 1863.
Dear Brother—I will give you an account of our 4th of July ride. We started from the camp on the 3d at 4 A. M. We went to Newbern and marched past Jim Foster's dwelling and he came out to see us start. At 8 o'clock we started across the Trent river. We followed the river up and stopped at Pollosville and fed. Then on to Trenton; there we found the rebel picket; we came down on them and captured three of them. We staid there all night and started off at 5 A. M. of the 4th and took the direction of Warsaw on the Wilmington and Welden Railroad. We marched sixty miles on the 4th; at dark we came to a small town called Hallville; there were seven cavalry and a company of home guards. They gave us one volley and run; we took all of their arms and clothing but there was no stopping here so we pressed on and at about two o'clock on the morning of the 5th, we came to Kenyonville at about 2 A. M. There we found a company of cavalry which we sent flying out into the swamps. They left everything behind them, such as clothing and rations; we used all we wanted and destroyed the rest. We stayed there until daylight of the 6th and then went on to the railroad. The rebels heard we were coming but thought we were going to another place farther down. There they had some troops ready for us but we smelled a mice and went on a road where there was not one soldier. We went to the railroad, cut the telegraph wire and tore up a mile or so of track, burned the depot and several storehouses and cars. Some of the boys who are over fond of the "critter" came out very "blue" having discovered a large quantity of what we call apple-jack, but they came out all square. The rebels made their appearance on both sides of us but did not come near enough to draw our shot or give any. We started back at about 3 P. M. We marched about 20 miles and then camped down for a short sleep. The rebels were not asleep all this time; they got all the troops together and tried to cut off our retreat by throwing them in our rear at Trenton, but they found that the 3d New York Cavalry, had friends, for they had but just got there when they were surprised by the old 7th N. J. Infantry who sent them off at a double-quick and soon after we came in to hear the deafening cheers of the old 7th. They supposed we were all gobbled but the 3d came out all sound with lots of rebel trophies, such as sabres, guns, pistols, bowie knives, lances, confederate money, one large red flag, and several small ones and other articles to numerous to mention. To sum it up we marched two hundred miles, took thirty prisoners, two hundred horses and mules, destroyed one storehouse and a machine shop, where they made
sabers with five hundred sabers in, which we burned and did all the damage we could do, to their government property. We returned without the loss of a man. We lost several horses by hard riding and heat; we returned to camp at noon on the 7th, having come around, in four days and a half. At the place where we found the rebel cavalry, I had the pleasure of opening the captains trunk, with a big iron stool for a key. I found his company pay rolls, and other company papers, also, a few other articles, but none of value. One of the boys got the captains wife likeness. Some of the boys got revolvers, sabers, etc. We are already for another raid and I do not think we will have to wait long,
Yours in haste, DELAMETER, Bugler,
3d N. Y. Cavalry, Newbern, N. C.
Successful Raid of the Third N. Y. Cavalry.
WASHINGTON, J u ly 9.
The following has been received at the headquarters of the army here:
NEWBERN, N. C. July 7,
via Fortress Monroe, July 8.
Major-General H. W. Hallack, General- in- Chief, Washington:
I have the honor to report that the cavalry sent from here July 3, under Colonel Lewis, of the Third New-York cavalry, have safely returned, having successfully accomplished their mission and without loss. They destroyed (twisting rails, etc., by General Haupt's plan) two miles of the railroad at Warsaw; also destroying for five miles more all the culverts, as well as the telegraph. At Kenansville an armory was destroyed; large quantities of small arms and quantities of commissary and quartermaster stores were burnt. About one hundred and fifty animals and thirty prisoners were captured by them, and some one hundred men and about three hundred women and children, negroes, followed them in.
J. G. FOSTER,
FROM NORTH CAROLINA.
Mix's Cavalry on a Scout.
Correspondence of The N. Y. Tribune.
NEWBERN, June 3, 1862.
A squad of fifteen men, under Lieut. Allis, of Company I, Mix's 3d N. Y. Cavalry, while scouting at daylight on Saturday, 31st, ult., on the Greenvrlle [sic] road, near Tranter's Creek, eight miles above Washington, on Pamlico River, fell in with a superior force of Rebel cavalry, and a sharp fight ensued. The Rebels were beaten off, with a loss of three men killed, six wounded, and two unhurt taken prisoners. None of Mix's men were killed, and but one, Ogden Harrison of Syracuse, N. Y, was wounded. The New-York boys had two horses killed under them but remounted themselves with the horses of the killed Rebels. While returning to Washington with the prisoners captured, Lieut. Allis and his little band were suddenly surprised and surrounded by a large body of Rebel infantry, who rushed upon them from the woods by the roadside. He gallantly cut his way through them without losing a man or horse, but was compelled to abandon his prisoners to save his own men. Private Ogden, though badly wounded, will probably recover.
Two men of Mix's Cavalry while on picket duty on the Trent road, twelve miles from Newbern, were fired upon on Saturday last from an ambush. One of them, private Charles Nicholson, Company G, from Lewis County, N. Y., received a bad wound by buckshot in the left arm, but is doing well, and will not be disabled from continuing in service. NEWBERN, N. C. June 7, 1862.
Sergeant Colton, Corporal Lawson, and privates Green, Platt, Cyphers, Flagler, and Reed of Co. I, while scouting near Tranter's Creek, about 8 miles above Washington, on the 2d inst., were surprised and surrounded by Rebel infantry rushing in upon them from the woods which skirt the Greenville road at that point, entirely, as the Rebels thought, cutting them off from escape, as our men were outnumbered ten to one. The cavalry charged the Rebels, and four of the seven succeeded in cutting their way through them. Sergeant Colton, and Flagler, and Reed had their horses killed under them—the two latter being made prisoners. Sergeant Colton received two gun-shot wounds in the face and shoulder, but succeeded in escaping by getting up behind another trooper and riding off. These men are from Syracuse, N. Y.
This body of infantry had been sent down from Tarboro—supposed to be 600 to 800 in number—for the purpose of retaking Washington, which is occupied by a small force of Union troops. They have been discovered, however, in good time, and their plan will be signally thwarted, as reinforcements have gone from Newbern in that direction.
Ogden Harrison of Syracuse, private, Company I, Mix's Cavalry, who was wounded in a previous skirmish by a musket ball which passed through both hips, it is thought will recover. All others of the wounded men of this regiment are able to leave their beds, and will soon be fit again for duty. The Rebels have been well chastized [sic] by this cavalry.
NEWBERN, N. C., July 23, 1863.
To the Editor of the Utica Morning Herald:
When I left your quiet city on the 13th inst., I expected to have been in Newbern a week ago; but upon my arrival in New York city, I found a drunken, thieving mob running rampant, and as the services of every military man were needed to crush the horrid monster, I volunteered my own, and I think the hardest service I have yet given my country was performed during the four days of last week that the disgraceful riot raged in New York. On Sabbath morning last, I bid adieu to the blood-stained streets of the Empire city, and our steamer, the Alliance, passed through the Narrows, en route for Newbern, just as the last chimes of Old Trinity were pealing for morning worship. Not one on board but whose cheek tinged with a glow of shame as he thought of the black stories that during the past week had darkened the hitherto unsullied fame of the Old Empire State. Assiduous indeed must be the efforts of our patriots of New York to again brighten her fair cutcheon. It can be done. The blackened stories must be washed away in blood. Let the fox eye of Javert pry into the mysterious elements that gave rise to this turbulent outbreak. Hang the leaders! Hang every one who took part in the dastardly proceedings of the mob! Enforce the draft with all rigor. Let our authorities assiduously purge the State of every discordant element that may at any time be brought to bear against our once proud, happy and beneficent government. Only this will cleanse their skirts of the death marks now upon them. The rebels are chuckling over the terrible proceedings of last week in New York. They are driven from their strongholds, but what care they when in the very heart of the North their cause is progressing even better than they could expect!
We had a most delightful passage from New York and arrived at Newbern on Tuesday evening, 21st inst. I found the city of Newbern quiet and pleasant as ever, although
AN EXPEDITION INTO THE INTERIOR OF THE STATE
had gone out early Saturday morning, under the command of that most efficient and gallant officer, Brigadier General Potter, Chief of Staff to General Foster. The troops for the expedition comprised two battalions of the 3d N. Y. cavalry, commanded by Majors Cole and Jacobs; one company of the 1st N. C. cavalry, Lieut. Graham, and one battalion of the 12th N. Y. cavalry, Major Clarkston; two sections of 12 pound howitzers, Lieut. Allis, and one section of flying artillery from the 3d N. Y. regiment, commanded by Lieut. Clark. The cavalry was all under the command of Lieut. Col. Lewis, of the 3d N. Y. cavalry.
CROSSING THE NEUSE.
The force crossed the Neuse River on flats, and quickly proceeded via Swift Creek to Greenville, a small village distant about fifty miles from Newbern. At Swift Creek a brace of Rebs were picked up and the force arrived at Greenville about 3 P. M. Sunday. They found Greenville and all the surrounding fortifications deserted, and after burning a valuable bridge spanning Tar River at this place, the expedition proceeded about fifteen miles further up the Tar River to Sparta, where the troops bivouacked for a few hours during the night, and then Majs. Cole and Clarkston's Battalions of Cavalry, with Lieut. Clark's Section of Flying Artillery moved quickly toward Tarboro, while Maj. Jacobs with the rest of the troops proceeded toward Rock Mount.
THE CHARGE INTO TARBORO.
The force arrived at Tarboro about 11 A. M. Monday, and the first notification the snuff-dipping denizens of the village had of the approach of Federal troops was their furious charge into the town. Our brave boys immediately took possession of the bridge across Tar River at this place, and after penetrating into the country about three miles beyond Tarboro, returned and destroyed it. A rebel Captain and several rebel pickets were also picked up here. Two gunboats building here and two small steamers were quickly made into ashes, together with the works and material for naval building, and the large railroad depot, besides a very large-amount of commissary stores congregated at Tarboro; were also burned. After paying this flying visit to Tarboro, Maj. Clarkston, with Cos. G and B, 3d New York Cavalry, and one piece of Lieut. Clark's Section, went down the road towards Kinston. About three miles from Tarboro a large force of rebels was encountered, and
A CHARGE FOR TWO MILES
was made upon them through the woods. Quite a skirmish ensued, and several men were killed on both sides. Two of Lieut. Clark's 3d artillerymen were lost here, and Lieut. Clark only saved himself by dodging into the swamp, where, after wandering about for several hours in water waist deep, among "varmints" and mosquitos, he finally succeeded in joining the main column of our troops, but not until he had drawn the fire of both rebel and our own pickets in passing their lines. Lieut. Clark had dismounted to establish his piece in battery, when the rebels fired from ambush upon him. His coolness and forethought, however, saved his piece, and after wards his discretion and endurance saved himself. In fact, the safe escape of this brave Lieutenant was almost a miracle.
THE EXPEDITION TO ROCK MOUNT.
Maj. Jacobs had in the meanwhile left Sparta for Rock Mount at 3 o'clock Monday morning. Rock Mount is a station on the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, a place of considerable importance in a military point of view. Before arriving at this village a large train of cars was just moving out of town. The cars were loaded with ammunition just brought from Tarboro for safe keeping. The conductor heard the approach of our charging squadron, and the engineer was ordered to move off with all possible speed; but he had hardly commenced opening his steam valves when the bullets from our dragoon's carbines began to batter his engine thick and fast, so thickly that he dare not rise up to put on more steam, at last he jumped off his engine, when one of our cavalrymen quick as flash, dismounted his horse, mounted the engine, reversed the locomotive, and brought the train back again to the depot. Eight rebel officers fleeing into the interior, and several privates were found on board the train, and immediately taken in charge. The train of cars, with ammunition and all, was then fired. The railroad bridge at this place was also destroyed. A large number of contrabands were made willing prisoners at Rock Mount, and then after destroying even a larger quantity of commissary stores than at Tarboro, the detachment returned and joined the main column between Tarboro and Sparta.
The expedition now returned home, by a long and circuitous route, to avoid interceptions from the Rebs., who by this time were thoroughly aroused in their lair. However, they did not quite succeed in avoiding hostile meetings with the angry grey coats. On Tuesday night their route was intercepted near Greenville, and several times before they arrived at Newbern they were compelled to cut their way through vastly superior numbers. Besides, their rear was harassed by a swarm of the rebel hornets who were now thoroughly stirred up in their nest, and they only saved themselves from much annoyance by burning the bridges as they passed over them.
RECRUITS FOLLOWING IN THEIR WAKE.
Wherever the expedition passed the contrabands joined them. Some of them on "Massa's mules," some on "Massa's horses," others in “Massa’s wagons and carts,” others still on foot. Everywhere the Federal troops passed they were hailed by these persecuted people as their deliverers, and hundreds of them followed the expedition into the city. Here they will soon join the negro organizations, and a terrible retribution to be meted out by them is in store for their masters. It was very unfortunate that in one instance the rebels forces were so close upon us that we were compelled to burn a bridge before
all the contrabands who were following had come up and thereby a large number fell again prisoners into the hands of their former masters, doomed now certainly to a slavery worse than death itself.
The appearance of the poor creatures as their column entered Newbern was grotesxue [sic] and amusing. Mounted on animals so poor that their "traps" might have been suspended from the protruding bones, these wandering children, fleeing from captivity, appeared as happy as they only can appear when to them the great Millenium [sic], the total abrogation of slavery shall come: "Running 'way from de Rebs," "gwine to fight 'dem now," were their replies to the interrogations of wondering ones from whence they came.
Although everything is quiet in Newbern, our commanders are by no means asleep. An attack is not unexpected, and every precaution has been taken to guard against a surprise, and to repel any attack the rebels, now thoroughly stirred up, should presume to attempt. This evening word was brought that our pickets at "Red House," distant about eight miles, had been driven in. A squadron of cavalry and some artillery were immediately sent to that point, but soon returned, pronouncing the rumor a "false alarm."
SANITARY CONDITION OF THE ARMY.
No pains have been spared to preserve the good health of our army, and the sanitary condition of the troops in this department was never better. The weather is quite hot, but we have a strong sea breeze, and all in all it is much pleasanter here than in New York city, and although in the South, a military man is not here compelled to doff his uniform to save himself from the halter or stiletto.
Part of Virginia has been added to Gen. Foster's command, and you may soon expect to hear of renewed activity in his enlarged district.
More anon. Yours, in the war for the Union,
J. H. H.
OUR ARMY CORRESPONDENCE.
From the Third Cavalry.
CAVALRY POST, NEWBERN, July 24, 1863.
Enclosed are two late papers from the interior, which I got while on a late march toward the center of the State. We were gone five days—Col. Lewis, of the 3d Cavalry, commanding a force of seventeen companies of cavalry and four mountain howitzers. We marched 300 miles, captured 100 prisoner and 300 mules and horses, destroyed the railroad bridge across the Tar river at Rocky Mount, between Weldon and Goldsborough, captured a train of cars having on board 2,000 rounds of artillery ammunition and 50,000 rounds of small ammunition, $100,000 worth of Quartermaster's stores, two railroad depots at Tarboro and Rocky Mount, captured and destroyed a train of 16 baggage wagons, and raised the d—l generally. We were cut off several times on our return, which made us march 100 miles out of our way.
At Hookerstown we were attacked both in front and rear, but the rebels were quickly dispersed with canister. They had several pieces of artillery at different points, and used them with pretty good effect. They followed us to within eight miles of Newbern, and while we were waiting for transportation across the river they attacked us. We had a "right smart" skirmish here for two hours, the enemy bringing into action three pieces of artillery, while we used but one.
We lost a few prisoners here, and had several wounded--no Rochester boys, I believe. Their cavalry made a charge on one of our guns, but after receiving a well directed canister, returned with considerable loss. The next morning eleven dead horses were found at the point of their repulse.
We lost about thirty men, most of them prisoners, on the march. Addison Henry, of Rochester, of Co. A, is one of the prisoners. We marched three days without food or sleep—not halting over six hours in the whole time. Many of the men fell asleep on their horses, and falling from the ranks, were captured by the enemy, who kept close on our rear.
The boys all enjoyed the march, and in a few days will be ready for another. It is considered a big thing here. Clark, of Co. A, was slightly wounded by a piece of shell.
P. S. Our boys say they would like to make a raid into New York city for a week or two, and fight the damned scoundrels who are trying to sneak out of the draft.
CAMP ROCKY RUN, N. C., CO. G.
3d N. Y. CAVALRY, July 24th, 1863.
Although much fatigued and worn out with our late expedition under command of Gen. Potter, from which we returned safely into camp yesterday afternoon; I will briefly as possible give you a history of some of its incidents and results.
The 3d N. Y. Cavalry, of which Co. G. is a component part, left this camp on the morning of the 18th inst., light mounted, each man taking three days rations in his haversack and twelve quarts of oats for his horse, and marched to Newbern, were joined by other Cavalry and Artillery forces to the number of nearly 800. We crossed the Neuse river on Ferry boats, (all as yet, conjecture as to our destination.) and proceeded by rapid marches to Swifts Creek, Johnsons Mills and Green Ville, the county seat of Pitt county, where we charged into town about noon. Our coming was a perfect surprise and created great alarm and consternation.—We found no enemy in force, but unoccupied earth works, forts, and rifle pits, extending around the town a distance of four or five miles. We bivouacked two or three hours at the corners of the streets, in the yards and vacant places in town and fed our hungry and jaded horses, from the barns and granaries of the place. The authorities nolens volens gave us a carte blanche and the freedom of the town, which we freely used, making ourselves intimate with the interior arrangements of stores, public buildings, dwelling houses, iron safes, money drawers and every other place where a single article contraband of war could possibly be secreted. The result was the capture of a large quantity of fire arms and equipage, some $50,000 in secesh and North Carolina money, besides a few thousand dollars in gold and silver, and a few green backs and any quantity of other property.
Recollecting a little scripture we once read, about opening the prison doors and letting the oppressed go free, we broke open the jail and proclaimed a "general jail delivery," set at liberty 25 negroes; some of whom had been confined over two years for the outrageous Crime of aiding some slaves to obtain their liberty and freedom from a life long bondage. On reaching the outside of the prison door, the flag of the Union floating over their heads, their joy and expressions of gratitude were unbounded: and O, dear reader it would have done your soul good to have seen and heard the congratulations and thankfulness manifested by their sable brethren as they met and embraced each other in the wildest manifestations of joy. A few miles before reaching this place the videttes of Co. G captured a Rebel Army Pay-Master with $60,000 mostly in North Carolina notes worth about 25 cents on the dollar. The company also surprised a picket station, capturing 17 secesh prisoners with their arms &c.
We left the beautiful village of Green Ville and its citizens about 3 o'clock p. m. to meditate on the vicisitudes of war and the penalties of treason, and marched rapidly through Falkland and Sparta to Rocky Mount, a Rail-road station on the Wilmington Rail-road about half way between Goldsboro and Weldon, at the junction of the Tarboro branch Rail-road.—Our charge into town about 8 o'clock a. m., was as sudden and unexpected to its inhabitants as would have been a clap of thunder under a cloudless sky at noon day, and found the citizens as wild and terrified as if the final day of judgment had actually come upon them.
A few gray back officers and pickets were taken prisoners and the work of retribution commenced. Telegraph wires were cut, a train of cars with steam up and just moving off was captured and burned, the Rail-road bridge over a branch of the Tar river, 1000 feet long and 60 ft. above the water, a factory 3 stories high and 200 feet long, employing 200 hands, mostly females, engaged in the manufacture of army cloths and clothing, an armory and machine shop containing shells, guns, powder &c., a flouring mill and bakery containing large amounts of grain flour and hard bread, a large depot station and store houses, well filled with Rebel property; all was burned and destroyed and soon became smoldering heaps of ruin. In the cars was 60,000 pounds of bacon, besides other army provision and a large amount of shells, shrapnel [sic], powder cartridges &c., the explosion of which at short intervals as the tire reached them was grand and terrific, carrying despair and destruction to buildings in the vicinity also burning a train of 12 or 14 army wagons well filled with various contraband of war. "King Cotton," too was here imolated [sic] on the burning alter of the Union, and 500 bales of the imperial staple brought here in store for future exportation was sacrifised [sic] "so as by fire."
The main object of the expedition here, the destruction of Rail-road and Army property being accomplished, we commenced under a hot sun at noon day, a counter march for Newbern—a task of perilous necessity. The enemy was on the alert, and amassed his forces at different points so as to intercept us or fall upon our rear and cut us up, but such was the military skill displayed by Gen. Potter in the management of his command, together with the celerity of our movements, that he was completely foiled and baffled at every point, and after severe skirmishing and a fight at Streets Ferry over the Neuse, we returned safely to camp in triumph, having with a loss of not to exceed 20 men killed, wounded and missing; made an incursion into a hostitle [sic] country and within the military lines of the enemy 250 miles in 6 days; destroyed millions of property, broke and destroyed important Railroad communication of the enemy, captured hundreds of horses, mules, wagons, &c. Siezed [sic]not less than $200,000 secesh and North Carolina money with a "right smart heap" of gold and silver and a few green backs, brought off 150 contrabands, and better than all, taught the Rebs. a Sam Patch lesson that "some things can be done as well as others."
Indeed, this raid or expedition, taking into consideration the inadequate force employed, the rapidity of its marches by night and under a burning sun by day, the amount of injury inflicted, the very salutary lesson taught the enemy, the dash and daring of its character and the most trumphant [sic] and successful results accomplished, stands without a parallel in the history of the war. I regret having to add that Penbroke Dunham and Henry Eager of Co. G, are among the missing and were probably taken prisoners at Rocky Mount, also that Joseph Massett was slightly wounded in the thigh by a musket ball, which were all the casulties [sic] to Co. G.
And now, let me say, friend Carpenter, we think we know a little about Cavalry War! O, how exhilarating to the spirits and how romantic the thought to be almost constantly in the saddle for 48 hours at a time, without sleep, to ride all day under a burning sun the heat at 90 or 100 degrees and by the aid of foraging and jayhawking make three days rations answer for six, and be shot at in the bargain! And this is our experience during this march and gives me entirely new ideas of the amount of fatigue and hardship the human system is capable of enduring without sinking under it.
The Country through which we passed has good natural facilities and possesses all of the elements of being a good agricultural country and yet the fact is everywhere apparent of the want of thrift and prosperity occasioned by the miserable and ruinous system of slave labor. When will it be superceded by the more beneficient [sic] system of voluntary paid labor, and this beautiful country assume the high rank and station as an integral portion of our happy Union that nature seems intended for it.
All branches of the army here are loud in their manifestation of joy over the news of our late victories over the armies of the rebellion, and quite as loud and intensely bitter in the denunciations of the copperheads of the North and the "aid and comfort" they furnish our "mistaken Southern brethren" as Gov. Seymour would say. Don't fear, they are watched and will be remembered by the army when its members return to their homes. They are known and the remark is often made by the soldier that he would like to volunteer with arms in his hands to enforce the draft against certain persons in his neighborhood, always naming them with a feeling and disgust felt for the most abandoned criminals. Excuse the prolixity of this letter and believe me,
P. S. Privates Dunham and Eager were last seen at Rocky Run, and the presumption [sic] is that over come by fatigue and the want of sleep, they had laid down to rest and were thus left behind and consequently taken prisoners. W.
The Great Cavalry Raid in North Carolina.
A correspondent at Newbern sends us the following report of the recent great cavalry raid into North Carolina, under command of Lieut. Col. Lewis of this city. With it we have, a handsome map of the route taken by the party, made by John Bisgood, Civil Engineer, a member of the 3d Cavalry. As so many of our citizens in the 3d participated in this dashing exploit into the rebel country, the report will be read with much satisfaction:
NEWBERN, N. C, July 27, 1863.
EDS. UNION AND ADVERTISER: The cavalry forces of this department made another raid in this State last week, an account of which I send you.
On the morning of Saturday, 18th inst., Lieut. Col. Geo. W. Lewis (who has command of all the cavalry in this department), embarked his command, consisting of the 3d N. Y. C. (Companies A, B and F), 12th N. Y. C. (A and B), Mix's new regiment (Co. L), 1st N. C. U. Vols., and two sections of mountain howitzers. Landing at Fort Anderson, the column moved forward about 11 1-2 a. m. to Swift Creek, 17 miles, where we encamped. At an early hour the following morning we proceeded towards Greenville on the Tar River, capturing several prisoners on the way. Reaching Greenville about 2 p. m., we halted two hours to feed our horses, &c., then proceeded to Sparta, which place we reached at 2 o'clock a. m. of the 20th, and bivouacked till 6 o'clock a. m. At this point Major Jacobs, with his detachment, Cos. A, E, G. D. I and L and one howitzer, was sent to Rocky Mount, on the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad, where they arrived without opposition or incident.
At 8:30 a. m. of the 20th, the advance captured a train of cars in motion, upon which were five officers, viz., one captain, two 1st lieutenants, two 2d lieutenants and ten privates. The capture of the train is due more particularly to the coolness and bravery of private White, Co. A, 3d N. Y. C., who sprang from his horse, and jumping upon the train in motion eight miles per hour, placed his revolver at the head of engineer, reversed engine, and brought back the train. This train of cars, together with depot, railroad and telegraph offices, county bridge (350 feet long), railroad bridge and trestle work attached (750 feet long), cotton mills, built of stone and six stories high, government flouring mill, 1,000 barrels flour, immense quantities hard tack already manufactured, staple cotton and manufactured goods filling the store room of the cotton factory, a machine shop filled with war munitions, three trains of government wagons, numbering 37 wagons, loaded with all manner of stores and supplies, were all burst and destroyed. At 11 o'clock a. m. the detachment left Rocky Mount to rejoin main column at Tarboro, burning large quantities of cotton and a five wagons on the way. The cotton destroyed exceeded 800 bales. During the absence Major Jacobs with his command, the main column, leaving Sparta at 6 o'clock m., marched to Tarboro, into which place they charged at 9 o'clock a. m., capturing lieutenant sergeant.
Learning that the enemy were in force about five miles, on road to Hamilton, Major Clarkson was sent with three companies this regiment, (12th N. Y. Cavalry) to feel the enemy. Moving forward a mile his videttes were fired upon by six mounted men a short distance down the road. The advance charged with other two companies following. After a charge of half a mile, the advaned [sic] received a volley from enemy in woods on each side of the road, wounding several. The command having been rallied, they were ordered to charge back, firing their pistols as they went at the enemy. On joining the column it was found that loss was three commissioned officers missing, enlisted men killed, 12 wounded and 10 missing. A strong skirmishing force of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry having been sent out on the same skirmishing was kept up for some time, the balance of command were destroying all government property in and about the place, among which were two steamboats, "Gen. Hill" and "Gov. Morehead," a formidable ram, in course of construction, ordinance and ordinance stores, railroad depot, railroad cars, a large quantity of cotton, &c., &c. About 5 o'clock P. M., Major Jacobs, having arrived from Rocky Run, column took up line of march for Sparta, not however, without first burning the bridge across the Tar River. Passing through Sparta we moved on Greenville, but were prevented crossing Fyson's Creek, the enemy having taken up the bridge, had piece of artillery planted on the other side, forcing us to make a flank movement around Greenville, which we did by marching all night. On morning the 21st column halted, in order to feed our horses , at a farm house about 15 miles from Snow Hill. After a halt of three hours we continued the march, the rear being continually annoyed by a force of the enemy's cavalry, about dark we arrived at Scupperton, where we learned a large force of infantry were awaiting us on the side of the road. Nothing daunted, we marched on all night without incident, arriving the next morning, the 22d, at Swift Creek, where we again found the bridge destroyed, compelling us to march to Street's Ferry, where we bivouacked and threw out our pickets. A messenger was also sent across the river in a "dug out," swiming [sic] his horse by his side with a telegram for Newberne, to be sent from Batchelor's Creek, ordering up a gunboat and flats. Lieuts. Burke and Kromer, with five men, had been sent also from Swift Creek with a similar message, but as they had 17 miles to travel and there being a chance of the enemy cutting them off, the second message was sent. Our pickets had been out but a short time when skirmishing was heard. The company on picket not being armed with carbines, Co. "K" was sent to relieve them. One of the howitzers was also sent to protect our skirmishers. Shortly after Co. "K" had relieved Co. "L," a message was sent to Col. Lewis that the enemy were preparing to charge on the howitzer.. The whole carbine force was immediately sent out, when very lively skirmishing was kept up until 1 o'clock A. M., when the enemy retreated, so that at daylight there were none to be seen. During the evening they charged four times on the howitzer, but were repulsed each time. At 8 o'clock A. M., the 23d, the command crossed the Neuse at the Ferry, on pontoon bridges, and marched by the Washington road to their respective camps, with the exception of those companies quartered in the city, (Cos. B, C, D and I,) who were towed down the river by the gun-boat. Thus ended our second raid through this State. Our casualties are: Killed 2, wounded 19, missing 43; total 64. I am, Mr. Editor, yours,
P. S.--We took over 100 prisoners; 300 mules and horses, some 500 negroes following us into Newbern.
.... ammunition and shells which made a splendid cannonading. There was, also, a large amount of government stores and cotton burned. We burned a covered railroad bridge over 400 feet long, and the engine we run into the water.--We burned the telegraph office, also, and cut the wires. From thence we went to Tarborough and joined the regiment. We captured and destroyed, at Tarborough, a train of ten wagons loaded with baled hay. The remainder of the expedition had destroyed two steamers and a flat-bottomed iron-clad gunboat which were in process of building. In addition, they destroyed an arsenal, a new fort by Gen. Haup's plan, about two miles of railroad track, and burned a large amount of cotton and government stores.
Tarborough looks the most like our northern cities of any place I have seen since I have been in the Sunny South.
The rebels spiked three 32 pound siege guns and retreated across Tar river, tearing up the bridge after them, and planted some artillery and shelled the town all the time our forces were in it. We left there at 4:30 p. m. on our return home, by the same road we went there; and when about ten miles south of Sparta, the rebels cut us off by destroying a bridge and planting artillery. This was late in the evening, and quite dark, and we supposed we were in a pickle. But Gen. Potter is not a man to be fooled every day. We took a lane and forded the stream above them, and managed to get in the rear of them with our whole column. The rear guard charged upon them, and lost three or four men. They had infantry in the woods lying in ambush for us if we charged.
FOURTH DAY'S ADVANCE.
In the lanes, roads and by-paths through which we passed until 4 o'clock A. M., we, occasionally received a volley from a cornfield or from the bushes. We traveled at double quick and were so tired and sleepy that half the regiment lost their hats while sleeping on their horses' necks. Our battalion, Maj. Jacobs, marched 95 miles that day. You would have laughed if you could have seen us. But none of us were so tired that we could not destroy over a hundred dollars worth of melons and peaches. Who wouldn’t be a soldier?
After a short rest we once more resumed our march, and went as far as Hookerstown, a small village about forty miles from Newberne. We charged into town after dark. It was very wet and rainy. Here we met with another halt. The rebels had destroyed the bridge across a creek, )I did not learn its name,) and when we came to it a dozen shots or so were fired at us from the opposite bank of the stream, and then they left. We were more than an hour getting the bridge so we could cross; but before we could get the whole train across the rebels attacked our rear with cavalry and artillery, and we had to leave a train of about 500 darkies, with mules and wagons, in order to burn the bridge to cut off the rebels. Again we marched almost all night, and it seemed as though we marched round and round, from the distance we went through the dark and mud; but we were obliged to keep on the tramp or lose our ducks. We arrived at Swift Creek the next morning at about 9 o’clock, and took and destroyed a camp of Whitworth guerrillas.
FIFTH DAY'S ADVANCE.
From Swift Creek we marched to Street's Ferry, ten miles from Newberne, where we encamped. Gen. Potter sent a squad of cavalry to Newberne as messengers. The rebels again attacked us before we had hardly got our dinners. They were reported to have a brigade of cavalry, artillery, and infantry. They charged down upon one of our regimental howitzers, commanded by Lieut. Alice, and when in good range he gave them a dose—a double charge of grape and canister—keeling over 42 of the grey jackets at one lick. About 100 of us were immediately sent to support the piece and to act as skirmishers. They shelled us "right smart," but did no hurt. In the evening the steamers Port Royal and Allison, and the gunboat Bombshell, came up and brought some flats and built a pontoon bridge. I suppose the rebels did not like the looks of the gunboat, for they left during the night. Everything was crossed in good order next morning, all arrived in Newberne about noon, and each man went to his quarters, thankful to take up even with a bachelor's fare, after having made a march of about 250 miles inside of five days. After having had one good night's sleep we are up and ready for another move. Only let the ball keep rolling on.
C. N. D. MEAD, Co. I
From North Carolina.
Newbern, Aug. 7.
The month that is passed has wrought a marked and decided change in the state of affairs here; the few remaining troops of this command have been culling their bigness in this rebellion of late, thereby convincing the inhabitants of this portion of the Confederacy that they are not engaged in the most safe or profitable enterprise possible, as a rehearsal of our doings for the past month will, I believe, abundantly corroborate.
I have had occasion in my correspondence heretofore to refer to that important line of railway known as the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, which traverses the entire breadth of this State, and, together with its continuations, forms the most direct route between the two rebel strongholds, Richmond and Charleston. Now, as the partial success of Gen. Lee to repel the advances of our army into Virginia is largely attributed to the rapidity with which he is enabled to receive reinforcements, mostly from the army of Beauregard, it will be observed at once that this road is a most indispensable auxiliary to the rebel military authorities for the purpose of conveying troops, provisions, etc. to and from the rebel main military depots, and headquarters of the two grand divisions of the rebel army. To keep a certain portion of this road in a condition that would be considered rather detrimental to safe locomotion seems to be one of Gen. Foster's favorite duties, but as the track is usually well guarded at all points accessible to artillery, to successfully accomplish this often requires not a little skill and hard fighting. With the two-fold purpose of learning the enemy's strength in this quarter, and to destroy a considerable portion of this road, in order if possible to prevent Beauregard from immediately reinforcing Lee, and since the attack on Charleston vice versa, three separate reconnoisances [sic] have been made from this point, since I last wrote you, with what results the following will briefly indicate:
RECONNOISANCE NO. 1.
Left Newbern early on the morning of the 7th of July last. The whole force consisted of six regiments of infantry, 1200 cavalry and two light batteries. Taking a southwesterly course and nearly parallel with the river Trent, the line of march was continued in the direction of Trenton. Her the greater part of the force remained, while the cavalry and one battery of mountain howitzers made a forced march to Warsaw, a station on the Wilmington and Weldon railroad. The advance cavalry succeeded in surprising and capturing all the rebel pickets on the road, they found no rebel force in the town, and in a few hours had succeeded in turning over two miles of the track, burning the ties, and otherwise destroying the road. They also burned an armory well stocked with unfinished muskets, sabres, revolvers, &c., and several cotton, flouring and saw mills. They also surprised a stage coach containing important mail mutter, a Confederate staff officer and $15,000 in specie.—Nearly 300 mules and horses were captured on the route, and an equal number of contrabands followed the expedition to Newbern.
RECONNOISANCE NO. 2.
Was composed of cavalry, mounted infantry, and artillery, and had for its object the destruction of the bridge and trestle work at Rocky Mount, a station on the same railroad between Goldsboro and Weldon. Our forces encountered considerable resistance at various points on the road, but succeeded in reaching their destination and fully accomplishing their mission. The bridge was nearly 700 feet long and the trestle work 600 feet more; both were completely destroyed. A flouring mill containing 1,000 bbls. of flour and large quantities of hard bread, an arsenal well stocked with shells, gunpowder and various munitions of war, together with vast quantities of cotton were also destroyed. Our forces held Tarboro for eight hours, destroying while there several gun boats, more mills, and immense quantities of subsistence and ordnance stores. Our troops had almost continual fighting throughout the entire route. They were followed and several times surrounded by the rebels on their return march, but gallantly succeeded in cutting their way throngh [sic]. A detachment of cavalry emptied 25 rebel saddles at one volley. Our total loss in killed was 30. Brig.
Gen. Elwood, Potter's chief of staff, commanded our forces.
NORTH CAROLINA AND THE UNION.
It is a rumor here, and one to which considerable credence is given, that Gen. Foster with the concurrence of the President is entering into negotiations with Gov. Vance for the return of this State to the Union.
Lieut. J. D. Clark and Sergt. J. J. Castle of Rigg's Battery are now at home on detached service, to conduct a few of Oneida's conscripts to "Dixie's Land.'' Lieut. Clark has performed a great deal of active duty since his return to the battery in October last. He has been with the battery in various engagements through which it has passed, and has proved himself equal to every emergency. The Romans will do well to honor the brave. The weather still continues to be very warm.
D. J. Evans.
The Army in North Carolina.
Newbern, N. C., Aug. 16, 1863.
To the Editor of the Utica Morning herald:
Since I wrote you last nothing has transpired to mar the usual tranquillity [sic] of this department. Every one seems perfectly determined to keep cool during this hot weather. A steamer has just arrived, bringing us New York dates 6th inst. We are all awaiting patiently the progress of the draft in the North, which will fill up our organizations and again place up upon an active basis. Some of these conscripts from different States are already arriving. The last steamer brought five hundred drafted men and substitutes for the 5th Rhode Island artillery, now garrisoning the forts at this place, formerly occupied by the heavy artillery of Gen. Ledlie's command.
has been excessively hot thus far this month—hotter than usual the natives tell us. The burning sand that fills the air seems a Sirocco's blast. Crops, however, are doing very well, and fruit—figs, melons, &c.—are quite plenty, though they command a very high price. The sanitary condition of the department is good. We have had but little rain. However, yesterday we had quite a shower, which "laid" the dust and made the roads fair for equestrians; and to-day there are indications that we will have another rain shower. It takes but a few, moments to blow up a storm in this part of the South, and even now the distant mutterings of thunder that have sounded all the morning upon our ears as the echoes of cannonading, grow nearer and more frequent. The tree frogs have also perched themselves upon our trees, and keep up a continual croaking—a sure indication of a storm, the negroes say. A slight breeze, too, from the North has come down upon us, as if to remind us, in the dust and heat of the camp, of the cool, delightful, shady homes that we have left. How gaily it has caught up our emblazoned banners that have been all the morning quietly wrapping around the mast heads, as if to bear them on to the more distant South, where they are going. How beautifully they flutter now, stretching their starry folds after the Northern wind, pointing their shadows toward the land they once shaded and guarded in peace and prosperity, until, disowed and dishonored, its starry folds trampled ignobly in the dust, it threw its guardian protection over those only who arose in their might to vindicate its spotless purity. A curse fell upon the South when the shadow of the American flag cease to hang over it.
has come. The swift, loud tempest is rushing upon us. The heavy, thick clouds chase the wind, till, bursting, they fall upon us. How the fierce lightning dazzles and hisses as it glances from one dark pillar of clouds to another. How the deep thunder peals and crashes above us, then rolls, tolling, muttering away. And now we experience some of the pleasantness of camp life. The water seems to perforate every pore of the tent, soaking bed, blankets, and everything within. We hastily put away our papers, books, et cetera, and shut our desk. We then proceeded to doff our white camp suit for a uniform more congenial with the surrounding elements—for the atmosphere has suddenly become excessively cool. But ere we have donned our ..... the water is streaming upon us, and we stoically resign ourselves sans white linen, sans boots, sans everything, to the pleasing and heartfelt employment of taking a shower bath. But this is not equal to being aroused from a good, sound snooze to spend the rest of the night as ridge poles to a wet wall tent, as my friend Ritchie may remember two young soakers being compelled to do about a year ago, while upon the Peninsula.
The only item of military news is the arrival of Major General Peck at this place to relieve Brigadier General Palmer. Gen. Peck has not yet assumed command, but will probably do so soon. His headquarters will be at Newbern, while Gen. Foster has removed to Fortress Monroe.
Everything is quiet at Washington, Plymouth, and throughout the department. More anon.
Yours in the war for the Union,
J. H. H.
NEWPORT NEWS, VA.,
Nov. 20th, 1863.
In consequence of the total inactivity that has all along existed throughout the entire department of North Carolina, it has been actually impossible for me to carry on a regular correspondence with the Citizen, much as I would have liked so to do. But as the phazes [sic] of war have resulted in the transfer of your humble correspondent to that ever illustrious state, where the most important and fearfully contested battles of the rebellion have been fought; and where in all probability, the battles that are forever to decide the fate of our Republic are to be enacted, he believes that in the future he will have no cause to complain on inactivity, and consequently will be a more punctual contributor to your excellent paper. And as a condensed account of our journey from Newbern to this point, through the heart of an enemy's country, and of the incidents which annex them.
Many of your readers are doubtless aware that for several months past Gen. Foster has been assiduously engaged in transferring his tried and veteran troops from the department of North Carolina to his department of Virginia; and in obedience to his instructions "to immediately report at Fortress Monroe," the following regiments and light batteries, which formed part of the command at Newbern, have reached here to wit: the 81st and 98th New York, the 25th , 27th and 22d Mass., the 9th New Jersey, the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, two batteries of the 3d N. Y. artillery (Riggs and Howell's) and Belger's R. I. Battery, the whole comprising one brigade under the command of General Heckman.
For several weeks previous to our departure from North Carolina, Capt. Riggs had been an inmate of the hospital at Newbern, in consequence of a very severe attack of fever. On being informed that his battery was to go to Virginia, the Captain made known his intention to rejoin his command, which caused considerable enthusiasm among the boys. Orderly Sergant [sic] De Lester proposed three cheers for our worthy captain, which were given with a will. Three more were given for our Lieutenants. In acknowledgement the Captain said:
" Gentleman, sickness has made for me to be absent from you short time; but to-day I again resume command of battery H. Gentlemen, we are about to go to Va. I need not ask you to do your duty as soldiers in every emergency that may result from this change of departments, for your valorous conduct in the battles through which you have already passed and the warm reception you have given me this day, plainly indicates what I may expect from you in the future."
The battery then embarked on board the U. S. transports, and at sunset the 31st day of October, we bid a reluctant adieu to Newbern and the scenes of two years' experience as soldiers. A short run brought us in view of the spot where the battle of Newbern was fought, and won by the troops under Burnside nearly two years ago. The morning of the first found us nearly out of sight of land, steaming lustily in a Northernly [sic] direction upon the boistrous [sic] waters of Pamlico sound.
It was full moon when Roanoke Island loomed up in the distance. Formidable forts and land batteries line the entire shore, which command an excellent range of the whole breadth of the sound. Burnside spoke an important truth when he said, that "with Roanoke Island ours, we had the key to all the waters of North Carolina." It is ours, and the Neuse, the Tar, the Roanoke and Pasquotank upon the banks and in the valleys of which the cities and riches of the state are centered, are by reason of this important capture within our grasp.
The distance up the Albermarle was made during the latter part of the day, and as the sun was receding out of sight behind a huge grove of pines, we cast anchor in the harbor of Elizabeth City. It occupied the whole of the following day to effect a landing, so we bivoucked [sic] for the night upon the banks of the Pasquptank, within three miles of the town. The distance from this place to Portsmouth, Va., forty-five miles, was to be made by land, and early on the morning of the 3d the line of march was begun. Our whole force now consisted of the 3d New York cavalry and Rigg's and Belger's batteries. Nothing transpired to mar our progress during the earlier part of the day, the columns passing in the meantime through the richest farming region that we had ever beheld. Much land, however, remained untilled, the evident result of the exit of the negroes. No forraging [sic] was indulged in, and scarcely a penny's worth was taken from the inhabitants along the route, who appeared to be a peaceable and well to do class of planters. But the murderous and cowardly conduct of their confederates, the guerrillas, who we soon after encountered, utterly forbade their being possessed of the former quality, which their seeming civility won for them at first, in passing through a wooded and ruined portion of the country, these citizens in arms harrassed [sic] us not a little, by firing upon us from secreted positions behind trees, logs, &c., with no serious results, however, made as they had a wholesome dread of our artillery, which occasionally opened upon them, which had the effect to send them "skedadling" through the woods, and to frighten with its thunder all the women and children within hearing.
Their last attempt to spill "Yankee blood" was to fire a tremendous volley into our rear guard, but in their haste they aimed too high, and the bullets whistled harmlessly over our heads. A few shots were fired by Rigg's battery, which effectually put a period to their proceedings, for we saw them no more. Late in the day we passed over the spot where Gen. Reno fought the battle of South Mills. The spot were very many of the Hawkin's Zouaves so gallantly met their death while taking a masked battery of the enemy's, is painfully visable [sic] in an opening on the left of the main battle ground.
The trees still bear marks of the conflict which raged there more than a year and a half ago. An hour's further march brought us to the village of South Mills, and in view of the dismal swamp canal, along which our march was to be continued.
The shades of night had enveloped us in an inky darkness ere we entered the confines of the "Great Dismal Swamp." And silent as the march of death, did horse and troop wend their weary way, through this vast wilderness of gnarles old oaks, huge pines and tangled underbrush. As we passed on with a stillness broken only by the muffled sound of many feet, and the mournful boohoo of a solitary owl, I could but reflect upon the sad fate of many an unfortunate slave who to avoid a master's lash had, in these dreary wilds passed many a long year, "hunting the possum and the coon." A more hospitable asylum is afforded them now within the Union.
The night was far advanced when we halted, which we finally did at the terminus of the canal near Deep Creek, after a tramp of 40 miles, which I may boldly state is the greatest artillery march on record. Here we passed a night of sweet repose, upon the broad lap of mother earth. Early the following morning we started for Portsmouth, where we arrived at noon. From this town we embarked for Fortress Monroe, and from this latter place to our present encampment at Newport News.
Those having friends in any of the regiments or batteries which compose this brigade, and are desirous to correspond with them will direct their communications to Newport News, Va., via Fortress Monroe.
I have extended this letter to a great length already, and as I would not intrude upon your space I come abruptly to the period, reserving for my next a further account of this post and its military bearing and surroundings.
Very respectfully yours, &c., D. J. Evans.
DAILY UNION & ADVERTISER
FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 10, 1864.
From up the James River—The Third Cavalry--Warrier [sic] Horses—Cannonading and Storms.
A Rochester man, an officer in the army at Bermuda Hundreds, has written to a friend here a couple of letters, from which we have been permitted to make extracts of such matters as have a local interest. Writing, under date of May 31st, he says:
On the 29th about half of this army was sent around to York River to reinforce Grant. This the Rebs knew, and so yesterday they thought to try our works. The works are chiefly in charge of dismounted cavalry, acting as infantry, and artillery. I was at the front, and went to the left to call on Lieutenant Colonel N. P. Pond of the 2d United States colored Cavalry. While there our fort on the Appotomax [sic] opened fire on a rebel fort, some two miles distant toward Petersburg. We could look into the rebel fort see the flag at half-mast, and see their lines of rifle pits. I passed over to the headquarters of General Kautz, and went in to see him on business. I had a social chat with the gallant soldier who has so recently led a successful cavalry expedition nearly all around Richmond, in which our Third Cavalry Regiment took a leading part. The General is a man about 35 or 40 years of age, a graduate of West Point from Ohio. He looks like a tough knot of a soldier, is affable, and shows some of his German characteristics.
Going over to the right wing, half a mile further, I came to the headquarters of Col. Mix of the Third Cavalry. I saw Lieutenant Colonel Lewis, Captain Stearns, Lieutenants Putnam and Gregg, and a host of others from Rochester, and was accepting their hospitalities, (as all Rochester men must,) when the rebel batteries opened upon us. Every one rushed out, and soon our batteries replied. Everything was hurly-burly. Officers were flying around, horses were instantly mounted, men fell into line, filed into the rifle pits, all armed with carbines of Sharpe's, Spencer's, Burnside's and Henry's patents—a very effective arm. The firing was very rapid, the shells bursting right over the rebels everywhere. I had a position within fifty rods of our batteries, but could not see any particular damage done on either side.
This fight I was pleased to witness. It was gratifying to see how orderly every man went to his work. Not one showed signs of fear, yet there was anxiety manifested as every one looked over the parapets while the line of cannon were belching fire. This turned out to be only an artillery duel. The Rebs did not care to come within range of our grape, canister, and schrapnel [sic], much less those wicked little Spencer carbines, which can be fired so fast and with such deadly effect. Some of the prisoners speak of this arm as the most deadly they have had to deal with. It can be fired seven times to one of the Springfield rifle and then may be reloaded in half the time.
From a letter dated Bermuda Hundreds June 5th, we make further extracts:
Although unable to give you any of the startling incidents that so often embellish the reports for the press, from the battle fields of Virginia, yet there are little waifs or curious incidents that I find interesting to me which I will relate.
The horse is the most common companion of the soldier and most useful on the field. He displays his warlike character and military training in such a manner as to astonish us reasoning mortals. When General Sheridan made his celebrated cavalry raid from Grant's army, which has been so graphically described in the northern press, the horse took the burthen of that great movement. Was it strange that under such a severe ordeal that many horses caved in and when the General found a resting place of the James River opposite our forces here, many of the animals had to be handed over to the horses protector the Quarter Master? Several hundred were so turned over and went into the pen of four or five acres to allow them to rest and recuperate under proper treatment. Many showed that their power of endurance had been subjected to the utmost test, yet they stood upon their feet. They were content to make no more effort than was necessary to eat and drink, for many days. Gradually they began to show signs of improvement. An opportunity soon presented itself to show the training of horses in cavalry science. The Rebels attacked one corps on the left wing toward Petersburg, about 2 in the morning. The firing was plainly heard at the corral but did not alarm the uninitiated animals therein, but the cavalry horses were excited. The firing was rapid and lasted half an hour. After a few minutes the guards found that the horses were becoming frantic, and it was evident they wanted a hand in the scrimmage. They ran around the yard as though something was the matter. The “intelligent contrabands” acting as guards of these horses, making their nightly rounds could not imagine the cause of this commotion among the horses. They notified the white men employed as keepers of the corral, who were lodging in tents nearby. On coming out the keepers saw the cavalry horses formed in line on one side of the corrall [sic]—then as the word of command was given they dashed forward, in a charge, on a gallop, with nostrils distended, noses pointed forward and ears laid back—to the dismay of the team horses and mules, which gave them the field by getting out of the was as fast as possible. Unfortunately some could not get out of the way in time to clear the avalanche, and were rode over and killed. This was repeated two or three times until at last the high stake and ridered rail fence was pressed on in one of these charges and gave way, let the animals into the thousand acre clover and wheat fields, which had been stripped of fences to build this and other corralls [sic], as well as to furnish fuel for cooking. The battle at the front soon ceased and these worthy old chargers settled down into the peaceful occupation of feeding on clover until the keepers could bring them back again to the enclosure after damages had been repaired. Peace and quietness prevailed among these horses until the next battle opened on the night of the 1st inst., when the same restless spirit was manifested again and they again formed in squadrons and charged over and over again, while the roar of cannon could be heard three or four miles distant. The keepers were powerless to control the ardor of the horses. They had to remain idle spectators and rely upon the fences to keep the animals within bounds.
Another incident was told me yesterday of a horse in a fight that occurred the day before with Gen. Hinks' division of cavalry over the Appotomox [sic] river. During the cannonading a horse was shot through the neck by a cannon shot, while in ranks. The rider dismounted, expecting the horse would fall and die. The horse dashed up without his rider, and went into line to take part in the second charge, and fell in line. It is hard to end the existence of such faithful animals by shooting them, as we do by fifties at a time.
On Friday, the 3d inst., I was over on the left flank that rests on Appotomox [sic], and visited a short time with our Rochester friends; then went along the line a mile or over, and came to the 3d N. Y. cavalry, and saw hosts of friends there. The 3d has perhaps as exposed a position as there is on the line of earthworks, and I don't think it could be confided to safer hands. It was my fortune three days before to be with them when the Rebels opened fire on them, and in less than a minute they showed that they were at home and ready to receive company. A blaze of fire lined the front of the works, and a score of cannon belched forth iron hail. Men and officers went promptly to their work, and defended the ditch before them as though it were “the last ditch,” in which they would die rather than be conquered.
The way cavalry are now armed they answer wherever they are needed as cavalry, infantry or artillery.
On Friday evening we could hear the great guns playing rapidly for an hour, some ten miles off toward Richmond. These we know were the guns of the great, grand army under the hero of the age, the uncompromising, stubborn Gen. U. S. Grant. We could see Grant’s left wing from a high signal station on our right. But we have no connection and the news has to come by Fortress Monroe, so that you get the news in Rochester before we have it here. We hear many reports too good to be believed. It is now 36 hours and we have not heard the results of the fight, the guns of which we heard. It really seems that the Espy theory of storms is correct. Cannonading is followed by rain storms. Yesterday it rained at intervals, and it now rains. It does not look as though it were common here in Virginia to have so much rain. These rains are almost a complete embargo on travelling [sic] in this clay soil. No trains but ambulances are fit for transportation unless drawn by four horses or mules, and with the large number in use the roads seem to have become impassible, and then the engineer corps comes in with blacks and whites to corduroy. This whole tract of land is stripped of fences and wood. The wood land is mostly poor pine.
Third N. Y. Cavalry.
The following is a list of casualties in the Third Cavalry at Reams Station. 10 miles from Richmond, June 29th: (1864)
Corp. William H. Connell, missing; Privates Henry A. Vanzile, Henry C. McMullen, Edward M. Gifford, Eldridge M. Estes, Byron A, Everham, Christopher Whitmore, do.
Second Lieut. James H. Bailey, killed; Sergt. Abram Roarick, missing; Corporal Edward H. Crayton, do; Privates Christopher Butterly, Solomon Delome, John Gray, Wm. B. Madge, Christopher Ray, Lewis D. Reynolds, Andrew J. Thompson, John Tyrell, do.
Sergt. James A. Coleman, missing; Corporal George Rogers, do; Saddler Seth Taft, do; Privates Michael Burns, Joseph Finnegan, William Flanders, Dwight M. Hall, Henry Hume, James Rawley, George Stanley, Carroll Shatt, Wm. F. A1exander, do.
Privates Jerry P. Barnes, David S. Elliott, Samuel A. Stott, James Thompson, William H. Gordon, Nelson Lewis—missing.
Sergt. Howard A. Gregory, missing; Corp. Holland Borden, wounded and missing; Privates Edward Anthony, Otis Brewster, Jerry M. Donuaw, Wm. S. Gordon, Richard P. Halcott, Benj. F. More, Andrew L. Stickle, Benjamin Tewksbury—missing; Peter Weber, wounded and missing.
Sergt. John McCarrol, missing; Corp. Wm. H. Atkins, do; Privates Wm. A. Buck, Wm. Forbes, Timothy Conelly, Samuel Gauley, David Hicks, Simeon Oakley, Philip Penfold, Edward Waldman—missing.
Private John Maloney, wounded; Privates Harrison H. Barnard, Chas. H. Helmer, Edward Bremen, Charles Nicholson—missing.
Private Sylvester Pike, killed; Privates John Sutphin, Andrew Collins, Nicholas Tool—missing.
Sergt. Wallace Steadman, missing; Sergeant Charles Woolsey, do; Private Theo. F. Noble, do.
Capt. Samuel C. Pierce, missing; Sergt. Jas. Gimton, do; Privates Wm. H. Moore, Samuel Hance, Michael Nellis—missing.
Sergt. Josiah Kaylor, privates Wm. A. Bituen, James Bibee, Wm. H. Davis, Francis M. Halemissing.
Corp. Charles H. Barker, missing; Privates Edward Ebler, wounded and missing; David Woodmauer, missing ; Peter Lawler, do; John E. Gascoigne, wounded and missing; Albert M. Barker, do.
In addition to the above the following casualties occurred at Stanton Bridge: Wm, Hill, Co. K, killed; Lt. Beecher, Co. A, Lt. Starr, Co. M, slightly wounded.
Letter from Co. C, Third Cavalry.
We are permitted to make the following extract from a letter received this morning by the brother of the officer commanding Co. C, 3d N. Y. Cavalry on the late raid. The portion of the command in which he was connected was supposed to have been cut off and captured:
CAMP NEAR BERMUDA HUNDRED,
July 3d, 1864.
I have just returned from a fourteen days' raid along the Danville and Richmond Railroad, which was totally destroyed. Two divisions of cavalry left here, General Wilson in command of one and Gen. Kautz in command of the other.—We had plenty of fighting on our return, and I lost a great many men, and came very near being all "gobbled up," just before we got to our lines. Kautz cut his way through after destroying his wagons and artillery. He saved a part of his division. The squadron to which my company was attached was left behind to see that the wagons were destroyed. We were cut off from Kautz, and after quite a fight in which we lost a number of men, we joined Wilson's division and marched around the enemy, striking the James River at Cobin Point, and reached the camp yesterday totally used up--both men and horses.
We were bringing in a whole army of negroes, which the rebels re-captured. I don't know what the loss is in the whole command, but it must have been quite large. It will take the rebels all summer to repair the damages to the railroad.
From the Third Cavalry.
The wife of a member of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry has favored us with the following extract from a letter received this morning, giving an account of the late raid by Willson and Kautz:
" When I last wrote, I told you that our Division had gone on another extensive raid. You have probably read in the newspapers a full account of their operations upon the Danville & Lynchburg Railroad. Their success in the destruction of the track was complete, but upon their return, they ran into the Rebel Gen. Ewell's Corps of about 20,000 men, when they were completely surrounded near the Weldon Railroad. Gen. Kautz, however, succeeded in cutting his way through, losing all of his artillery—12 pieces,—losing his supply train, ambulances, &c. The wounded were all captured. He managed to save about two-thirds of his command. There are left in my (Major Hall's) battallion [sic] about sixty men. The following officers and men with whom you are acquainted, were taken prisoners from the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, 1st brigade:
Major N. Hall, believed to be wounded; Capt. Hall, Capt. Pierce, Lieutenant Sherman Gregg, Co. H; Lieutenant Smith, Co. C; Lieutenant Gibbs, Co. E; one officer from Co. M; all the officers of Co. G; Lieutenant O'Brien, Co. I.
But three men left of Co. E. Sergeant Woolsey, Steadman, Foster, Dempsey, Kellogg, Platt, all of Co. I. Bailey of same company, killed, --a shell cutting him in two. Capt. Jocknick of Co I, was sick and did not go. Our Brigade is completely used up for a month. Three hundred men and fourteen officers lost out of the 3d N. Y. Two hundred lost from the 5th Pennsylvania; three hundred from the 11th Pennsylvania; one hundred and fifty from the 1st District of Columbia, all forming the 1st brigade. Major Hall's battallion [sic] had 230 men on the march, but 50 or 60 returned.
P. S. News has just arrived that Gen. Wilson with his command had reached Fort Powhattan, about twenty miles down the Janes [sic] river, Gen. Sheridan opening the way for him. Good-news."
FROM BEFORE PETERSBURG.
Desperate Assault Upon the Rebel Works—The Death of Col. Mix—Chesapeake Hospital—A South Carolina Regiment Trapped and Taken.
CHESAPEAKE HOSPITAL, VA., June 25. (1864)
ISAAC BUTTS, ESQ.—SIR:—Having been an inmate of this Hospital for the past five days from the effects of a contusion of the hip by a shell received on the 15th inst., I thought a few lines might not be uninteresting. On the southeast side of Petersburg our cavalry division, composed of the 5th and 11th Penn., the 1st District of Columbia and the 3d N. Y. cavalry, under the command of Gen. Kautz, composed the advance of our force on that day, supported by Gen. Hincks' division of colored troops and a portion of the 18th army corps. After several spirited skirmishes with the rebel cavalry and driving them within the line of their first works, we were ordered to make a demonstration further on the left. Coming down on the line of the Petersburg and Norfolk RR., we encountered their outer line of works, distant a full mile. Our artillery (two pieces only) was immediately placed in position on the edge of a wood and opened fire, while a detatchment [sic] of carbiners from the 3d N. Y. and 5th Pa., under command of Col. S. H. Mix, of the 3d, was ordered to charge the work. Our whole force numbered less then 200 men, and with this handful as it were, we were ordered to charge a regular constructed earth work, mounting six guns, and defended by 300 to 500 infantry. It was a desperate move, yet our boys marched boldly out, across an open field, when every man stood out in bold relief. We reached at one time to within a few hundred yards of their works, but what could such a force do against such odds? Their guns swept every portion of the field. I never saw or experienced a more terrific fire, and yet we were kept in this position, swaying back and forth, for nearly two hours, and the only wonder is that a single man escaped. It was under such a fire that our lamented Colonel fell, nobly and bravely standing by his men, and setting them an example worthy of emulation. Col. Mix was not instantly killed on the field, as has been reported, but after being taken prisoner was conveyed to Petersburg and there died.
This Hospital is only for the reception of officers, and was formerly used as a Female Seminary, situated about midway between Fortress Monroe and Hampton. It is capable of accommodating about 300 patients, and is now filled to overflowing. This Hospital as well as others in this immediate vicinity is under the superintendence of Dr. McClellan, U. S. A., who, I believe, is a relative of "little Mac's;" at any rate he has a family resemblance. The rates of board this institution are one dollar a day; the bill of fare does not come quite up to the Fifth Avenue Hotel, yet it is clean and wholesome, interspersed with a good supply of vegetables, which are obtained fresh from the large and ample vegetable gardens attached to the Hospital. Cleanliness and neatness are the order of the day, and no pains are spared by the managers of this institution to further this very essential object, and especially in an institution of this kind. The sick and wounded are well supplied with medical attendance, good dressers and faithful nurses.
There was attempt made yesterday on our rifle pits, near the centre, by 414 picked "Johnnies" from the South Carolina regiments; our boys gave way and retired from the first line merely as a ruse to draw them on; they took the bait, and came on yelling like so many fiends, as they neared the second line of pits, our men opened such a scathing fire as killed and wounded over one-half; when, charging on the rest, they captured the entire party and not a man escaped. I have this from one of the rebel prisoners, who are at this moment marching past our Hospital.
Your obedient servant,
JAS. R. CHAMBERLIN,
Captain Co. A, 3d N. Y. Cavalry.
From the Third Cavalry.
Correspondence of the Democrat and American.
CAMP PECK, 3D N. Y. CAVALRY,
February 24th, 1864.
Here we are again in the land of turpentine, cotton and the home of the snuff dippers. It seems that the 3d Cavalry is fated to the Old North State. The regiment upon receiving the order at Newport News to break up camp, labored under many disadvantages, there being nearly two-thirds of the regiment home on reenlisting furloughs. A large number of horses and regimental property had to be removed and taken care of by few men. But glad enough to leave the cold bleak banks of the James river for the salubrious clime of North Carolina, they worked with a will to load our horses, &c., on transports. The regiment has arrived safely, and all day yesterday the old "vets" came into camp from their thirty days' journey home, feeling highly elated with their visit among their friends. By the next steamer they will all have returned, for, as the "vets" say, "in for three years or sooner shot."
It will be an encouraging fact for the friends of the old 3d to know, that within the thirty days furlough at home, the regiment has received some 700 new recruits, mainly by the exertions of the enlisted men, and in a very short time you can see the 3d on parade, drill or fight 1,000 strong. The 3d has already been held in high esteem by the different commanders of this department, and especially with Gen. Foster, as many of his complimentary orders show. It has equally a bad reputation among the rebels. A deserter from the enemy remarked that he had often came in contact with the 3d, and at one time they were acting as infantry (dismounted skirmishers), at another as artillery; (monntain [sic] howitzers), and still at another as cavalry, when Major Cole made his famous charge at the battle of Kinston. And by this great efficiency the 3d has made the reputation which it so richly deserves.
We have not heard of the enemy but in small force since their abortive attempt to recapture Newbern. But there are many rumors that they intend making another attack. Gen. Peck, however, holds himself in readiness, and at any time they feel disposed to renew their operations he will be ready for them.
The regiment is under command of Lieut. Col. Geo. W. Lewis, of Rochester, in the absence of Col. S. H. Mix, now home on recruiting service. The Colonel is anxious to get his new recruits to the regiment for the purpose of properly drilling them for the spring campaign, and we hope the military authorities of the State of New York will facilitate the matter as much as possible, as the men are needed now.
The spring has opened here, and planters are planting cotton. A great many plantations in the possession of the Government, have been leased to parties, and they are busy putting in the seed.
Does that small element of politicians in the State of New York called the Copperheads know that North Carolina has two large regiments of Union troops in the field, and is about raising another, which will be filled in three months? A member of Gen. Weasel's staff, now at Plymouth, has received permission from the Secretary of War to raise a cavalry regiment (not black, but white men), and when this is filled we can raise still another—and all this without one cent of State bounties. TYPO.
Recruiting for the 3d Cavalry.-- Captains S. C. Pierce, Stearns, Chamberlain, and Lieut. I. H. Putnam, of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, who returned home last week on recruiting service, have opened a recruiting office at No. 8 Arcade Hall. The 3d Cavalry has gained an enviable reputation during its term of service, having participated in many important raids and skirmishes in North Carolina, where the regiment has been stationed. This regiment is commanded by Col. Mix, and has an excellent corps of officers, many of whom are well known in this city. To any one wishing to enter the cavalry service, we think no regiment offers better inducements than the 3d N. Y. Cavalry.
We are indebted to Sergt. M. L. Scoville, of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, at Newbern, for a copy of the Richmond Daily Examiner, of May 7th. It is poorly printed, on a half sheet off coarse, brown paper. The leading article is on the Fredericksburg fight. We copy the following paragraphs:
The depravity of Northern sentiment could not be more forcibly exhibited than in the expectations which that people had formed from such a mountebank and braggart as the now beaten and disgraced Joseph Hooker. That he is a man without faith, truth, honor or any of the distinguishing qualities of a gentleman, is established by the fact that in the old army he was held in contempt by his fellow officers who refused to tolerate his society, and that when he was appointed to the supreme director of the forces at Fredericksburg, men of respectability, like Sumner and Franklin, retired in disgust from their commands.
Griffin & Co., of this city, sold yesterday at auction, Georgia and South Carolina flour at $32 to $45 per barrel; new rice 11 to 11 ½ cts. per pound; old rice, 10c. a pound; salt, 27 to 37c. a pound.
CASUALTIES IN THE THIRD CAVALRY.—We learn by the list of casualties in this Cavalry regiment, that of the Company from this county,—
Co. B,—Capt. John Ebbs and Corporal W. A. Marshall were severely wounded, and Private Boyington, slightly, in Kautz's recent raids.
We publish the following order issued from Headquarters, 18th Army Corps, Newbern, April 29th. Gen. Foster notices in very flattering terms the efficiency and daring bravery of Co.’s A and E, to the former of which Sergt. M. S. Scoville and Corp’l S. McNeilly of this village, are attached:—
The General commanding desires to express to the officers and men of the 3d Regiment N. Y. V. Cavalry, his approbation of their gallant conduct and efficiency in the various actions and skirmishes in which they have been engaged with the enemy during the year's service in the Department of North Carolina.
The Regiment will inscribe upon its standard and the several Companies upon their Guidons the names of battles and skirmishes as previously directed in orders.
The battle flag of the 7th Confederate (Clayburn) Cavalry, which was captured from the enemy in the gallant charge by a detachment of Companies A and E, against superior numbers near Little Washington, on the 18th day of April inst., is presented to the Regiment as a distinguished mark of the favor and appreciation in which the gallant services of this command are held. By command of Maj. Gen. J. G. Foster.
MORE HONORS FOR DELAWARE BOYS.
During the recent Union raid in North Carolina, Major Ferris Jacobs, of this village, had command of a detachment of the 3d New York Cavalry which was sent by an untried route to Rocky Mount. Major Jacobs destroyed the railroad bridge over Tar River, on the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad, one of the most important bridges in the whole South. This structure was over four hundred feet long.
The finest cotton mill in the State, employing over 200 hands, was also destroyed. This mill was used for the manufacture of rebel army cloth. When the factory was destroyed, Major Jacobs said to the girls who had been employed in it, "Girls, I am sorry to throw you out of work, but," pointing to a rich store of rebel provisions, "go there and help yourselves."—They improved upon the suggestion. A railroad train of thirty cars, containing ammunition and a quartermaster's train were also destroyed and a paymaster, with $50,000 in North Carolina and South Carolina notes was captured.—Major Jacobs then returned to the main body, having marched 90 miles and accomplished all this destruction in 24 hours.
This is, perhaps, the most brilliant of any of the affairs in which our Delaware county volunteers have borne a conspicuous part, and the results of the whole expedition, and especially of this part of which Major Jacobs was in charge, will doubtless greatly embarrass the rebels, and may even exercise an important influence upon army operations on a larger scale.—Del. Rep.
THE THIRD CAVALRY.—Lieut. Maurice Leyden, Co. B, Third N. Y. Cavalry, who reached home last week, desires to take back with him fifteen or twenty recruits for that company, and those desiring to join one of the best cavalry commands in the service, may find him at the store of Messrs. Stone & Ball, every day this week, between the hours of nine and three o'clock. The company is commanded by Capt. Ebbs, of the regular army, who has served under Gens. Sumner, Cook, Harney and Pleasanton.
Lieut. Edson D. Gardner, of the same regiment, reached home on Saturday evening on a short leave of absence.
THE THIRD CAVALRY.—Lt. John Gregory, of the 3d New York Cavalry at Newbern, will leave next Tuesday to join his regiment. He went into the service over two years ago as a corporal and was promoted to a lieutenancy. A short time since he was mustered out among other supernumerary officers and came home. He has since received a commission as second lieutenant and is prepared to take along with him to the regiment any young men who desire to join an excellent regiment of cavalry. Applications may be made to him at the Arcade House.
We learn by a letter from Geo. Gregg, one of the cavalry company enlisted in this village last fall, to his wife, that an expedition went from Newbern a few days since, about 90 miles inland. They had several battles; and the Fulton company last 14 in killed, wounded and missing. He says that Stephen Lashlie is wounded, but is recovering; Abiel Laws, wounded in the arm; Henry Rood, David Wilson, Mr. Thompson, Simeon Church, E. Moshier and Mr. Hubbard, killed; Henry Breed, missing. Mr. Gregg is unable to give other names.
Another letter, received in town, leaves a doubt as to the death of Mr. Church.
Mr. Gregg says they passed through great hardships and severe battles, but the victory in every case was on the side of the Union forces.
THIRD N. Y. CAVALRY.--Capt. Aberdine's company is rapidly filling up to the maximum number. Quite a large number of the "Old Twelfth" have re-enlisted in this Battery. There is still room for a few more men, and recruits desiring to enlist in an easy arm of the service had better improve this opportunity. (Jan. 1, 1864)
The Third Cavalry.--This regiment accompanied Gen. Wilson's recent disastrous expedition and lost heavily in killed, wounded and prisoners. Co. I, (Capt. Jocknick's) from this county, suffered severely. Lieut. O'Brien was wounded and captured; Sergeant Woolsey, and privates Steadman, Foster, Dempsey, Kellogg and Platt were taken prisoners.
THE THIRD CAVALRY.—A private letter from Lieutenant Post, Adjutant of this regiment, dated Bermuda Hundreds, July 14th, contains matter which will be read with pleasure by the friends of the 3d Cavalry. He states that the losses of the regiment in the battle at Reams' Station, June 29th, have been greatly exaggerated. There are now but two officers missing, viz: Captain Samuel Pierce of Company K, Rochester, and Lieutenant Bailey of Company B, who it is feared were killed, as nothing definite was known of them. Of 75 enlisted men now reported missing, three or four are supposed to be killed, and about the same number wounded. The regiment has done nothing since it returned from the raid. The men and horses required rest and are now taking it. It will not remain idle much longer. The weather is very warm and rain is much needed.
The time of some portions of the regiment expires very soon. Company A was to have been mustered out last Sunday. Some of the men would return to Rochester.
THE THIRD CAVALRY.—This Regiment was out on the last raid through Virginia under Kautz. The Tribune correspondent writing on Saturday at headquarters of the Army of the Potomac says:
The Cavalry of the 3d, with whom I have just conversed, present a sorry picture, weary, dusty and almost worn out men, by twelve days' incessant marching, fighting and vigils, during which time they have marched 350 miles or perhaps 400 miles.
The loss on this expedition was 1,000 men and the 3d no doubt sustained its share, but we have no details.
ANOTHER EXPEDITION BX THE THIRD N. Y. CAVALRY.—General Kautz has been on another raid with a picked command including the 3d New York Cavalry. This expedition cut the Railroad leading from Richmond to Danville, and did a great deal of mischief. The 3d N. Y. and 11th Pennsylvania had a fight with rebel infantry and a few were wounded on both sides. A history of the movement is given in the Philadelphia Enquirer, with a list of casualties. In the Third N. Y. are the following:
Wounded--Sergt. Vansken, co. D; sergt. Goring, co. I; corp. Rumble, co. H; corp. Smith, co E; corp. Bye, co. K; corp. Garson, co. K; corp. Kinney, L; (I?) private Young, A; Bennig, B; Casart, C; Statt, C; McIntyre, E; Boyce, I;
Cane, E; Berrac, F; Forbes, F; Thomas, H; Cannon, H; Hance, K; Delcher, C; Cooper, M; and Lieut. Stahler.
We think the name first given in this list is probably intended for Chas. Van Schuyver, a printer of this city, who is a lieutenant in company D.
THIRD NEW YORK CAVALRY.—A large number of the officers and men of this veteran regiment have just returned from Newport News and are now in this State. About 280 men have re-enlisted and taken furloughs for thirty days. The officers will engage at once in their several localities recruiting for the regiment.
The regiment is in command of Col. Mix, who is expected here to-day. Lieut. Colonel Lewis remains at Newport News in command of so much of the regiment as remains there.
The Third Cavalry was recruited in the summer of 1861, with companies added in 1862. Co. A. was recruited by Capt. Fitz Simmons here. It is now under command of Captain Chamberlain, who is in Albany and will be here soon.
Co. C is under command of Capt. Stearns, who is now at Elmira. A considerable number of the men have returned, as well as those of Co. A.
Co. H was recruited here by Capt. Willson, who has arrived with such of his men as have re-enlisted.
Co. F was raised in Orleans Co. by Captain Downs, who resigned, and Capt. Richardson is in command. He has returned with a portion of his men.
Lieut. Beecher, of Medina, Co. A, has returned. Lieut. May, of Co. H., remains at Newport News. Lieut. Henry S. Joy is here. He holds a commission in Capt. Pond's company, which has been 18 months in the service. He will attend to recruiting with other officers of the regiment.
Lieutenant Sherman Greig, who went out in the 13th Regiment at the commencement of the war, and Lieutenant John Gregory of Captain Willson's Company, have also arrived here after an absence of some two years.
Major Jacobs of Delaware county also came home with the regiment.
The 3d Cavalry has made a record of which New York State may be proud. It has done its best service in North Carolina, making Newbern the base of operations. The papers have been filled from time to time with accounts of the expeditions of this regiment in raids upon the rebels in the interior of North Carolina. It is a true and valiant corps, and will find plenty of brave men ready to fill up its ranks and share with its members whatever may be in store for the coming campaigns.
SICK AND WOUNDED.—The U. S. Hospital steamer George Leary arrived at Washington on Saturday with a number of sick and wounded soldiers from the front. Among them are the following from this vicinity:
James Larall, 3d N. Y. Cav., Co. H.
E. McHone, 3d N. Y. Cav., Co. E.
J. Hubbard, Co. A, 8th N. Y. Cav.
W. Hibb, Co. L, 22d N. Y. Cav.
Jacob Kueler, Co. G, 22d N. Y. Cav.
A. Peachery, Co. C, 22d N. Y. Cav.
— John Suffern, of Sweden, a member of the Third Cavalry accompanied Captain Pond on his return.
WHAT A ROCHESTER SOLDIER SAYS ABOUT THE DRAFT.—A Rochester Boy in the 3d Cavalry at Newbern, N. C., writes thus pointedly to his father, one of our leading citizens. "I am glad to learn that the riots have been all quelled, and I, for one, would like to see the Common Council of Rochester, or any other set of men who would deprive us of men, be obliged themselves to go into the ranks. We need men, not money just now. That will come all right after we have put down this rebellion. There is one thing you may depend upon, we have got to have a great many more men in Virginia, or else there will be trouble for us there. Lee will have most of his troops then, and will lose no opportunity to use them when he can do so to advantage.
— The writer of the above is a staunch democrat, but of that sort who love their country better than their party.
Death of Mascus L. Reynolds.
We are pained to hear of the death of another of our kinsmen in the army of the Union; but one by one they are falling, giving life, the noblest gift of God, to their country. Of our friend just gone we have known little since boyhood, but all we have known speaks in his favor. He was a son of the late Charles Reynolds of Meredith, but has resided some years in Sandford, Broome County. His age was about thirty years. We give below a brief letter from his Chaplain:
NEWBERN, N. C., July 13th, 1863.
Dear Sir:—Your cousin, Marcus L. Reynolds, of Company E. 3rd N. Y. Cavalry, died on the 11th inst., in the Regimental Hospital in Newborn, of congestion of the brain.—He entered the hospital on the 8th. He was, according to the testimony of his officers, a faithful and efficient soldier. Among his fellow soldiers he was esteemed for his kind heartedness, which showed itself in good deeds when any of them were sick.
It was impossible to send the body home, as there is no one hero who can embalm the remains of those who die.—He is buried in the Cemetery of the Regiment, with an appropriate tablet marking his resting place.
With great respect, I remain, yours,
EDWARD WALL, Chaplain 3d N. Y. Cav.
To Capt. G. W. REYNOLDS.
MONDAY EVENING, JUNE 1, 1863.
DIRECT FROM NORTH CAROLINA.—Edward McNish, of Van Allen's cavalry, reached this city direct from Newborn, N. C., on Saturday evening. He has been away from his home and family twenty-two months. Mr. McN. was well known by many of our citizens, having been, before the rebellion broke out, in the employ of Mr. E. J. Foster some nine years. He informs us that the boys from this county (Captains Moschells, Cole's and Ball's companies,) are generally well, as is the army generally under Gen. Foster, the popular and brave commander in that department.—A somewhat singular incident occurred as Mr. McN. stepped from the cars on his arrival here. His little son, not dreaming of meeting his father, seeing a man in military dress, inquired of him, what part of the army he was from? The father, without recognizing his son, replied, North Carolina. The son then asked if he knew his father there? At this stage, they mutually recognized each other, and the son was in his father's arms instanter, and soon after was seen leading his father homeward to greet the wife and other members of the family, they not anticipating any such happy event. Mr. McN. returns next week, and will be happy, no doubt, to take any small packages or letters from friends here to comrades at Newbern and vicinity. He can be found at No. 56 East Washington street.
Captain Nathan Pond, of the Third New York Cavalry, arrived in town last evening, direct from Newbern, on leave of absence for a short time. Captain Pond has done some efficient service with his Cavalry in North Carolina since its arrival. He reports everything progressing favorably in that quarter.
PERSONAL.—Col. George W. Lewis, of the 3d Cavalry, arrived home from Newbern yesterday morning, looking none the “worse for wear” for his late distinguished services in North Carolina. He remains but a few days.
Leiut. Byron W. Gates, of the 3d cavalry, also arrived in town yesterday. He remained but a few hours, and took the train for Ontario, where his parents reside.
Capt. Stearns, Quartermaster Joy and Sergt. Bent, all of the same Regiment, arrived yasterday.
The above named officers have orders to report to take charge of conscripts.
Lieuts. Wm. H. Crennell, Quartermaster of the 140th Regiment, has resigned, upon account of continued ill health. His resignation has been accepted. He came home Saturday.
Captain Nathan P. Pond, of the Third New York Cavalry, also arrived home last week, direct from Newbern, on a leave of absence for a short time. Capt. Pond has done some efficient service with his Cavalry in North Carolina since its arrival. He reports everything progressing favorably in that quarter.
John Suffern, of Sweden, a member, of the Third Cavalry accompanied Capt Pond on his return.
PAINFUL ACCIDENT TO A SON OF GENERAL WILLIAMS.—The Newbern correspondence of the Herald, published elsewhere, states that on Tuesday of last week "Adjutant George D. Williams of the 3d New York Cavalry, had his left leg broken just above the ankle joint by his horse slipping on a plank crossing. Adjutant Williams is a son of Brigadier General John Williams of this city, and a young man of fine promise, whose untoward accident will cause deep regret among his large circle of friends here. General W. learns by private letter this morning that the fracture is a bad one, and that the recovery of the use of the limb will involve a delay of several months.
Personal.--Our former townsman, Thomas Granniss, the oyster king, was in the city today. He is on his way west.
Capt. N. P. Pond, of the 3d Cavalry, arrived last evening from Newbern, where his regiment is stationed, on a short leave of absence.
Lieut. Wickes, of the l08th Regiment, wounded at Gettysburg, arrived at his home in Brockport yesterday.
Lieut. Chamberlain, of the 3d Cavalry, arrived in town a day or two since, direct from North Carolina.
FUNERAL OF LIEUT. NOURSE.--The funeral of Lieut. Nourse, 3d N. Y. Cavalry, will take place this (Thursday) forenoon, at 11 o'clock from the house of Dr. George Lewis, corner of South Clinton and Court streets.
Capt. J. B. Estes, of the American Express line, of Steamers, has a letter from his son of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, stating that he is a prisoner at Richmond. He was captured on the Wilson Raid, after he had crawled as far as he could toward the Union lines, laboring under a severe attack of rheumatism. He is now better.
HONOR THE BRAVE.—Monroe county has sent many gallant men to the field, but few whose exploits have been more deservedly applauded then the Veterans who were lately assigned to the 2d U. S. Colored cavalry from the 3d N. Y. cavalry. We particularly refer to Col. Cole and Lieut. Col. Pond. The frequent and honorable mention which marked their career in the 3d cavalry has been characteristic of their more recent services. The dispatches of yesterday refer to an advance by the 2d Colored cavalry under the officers named, against the enemy at Suffolk, "where a severe fight of an hour's duration took place." The loss of the enemy nearly quadrupled our own.
Personal.--Gen. Butler has appointed Major George W. Cole of the 3d New York (.....) Cavalry, Inspector of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. Major Cole is from Syracuse, having gone from that place as Captain of Co. K in the Third.
ANOTHER SOLDIER ROBBED.—Yesterday Elisha Roberts of Alabama, Gen. Co., a discharged soldier of the 3d N. Y. cavalry, was robbed of $100. The matter was reported to Policemen Van Slyck and McLean who arrested Michael McCarty and Henry Haley as the authors of the crime, and proceeded to investigate the affair. They found the belt in which Roberts carried his money, in an outhouse on the premises of one Maher, on Exchange street. He was in company with the two men under arrest and says he took but one drink which made him wholly oblivious to all that subsequently transpired. It is presumed that he was drugged.
McCarty and Haley are well dressed young fellows who have no legitimate avocation, and are supposed to lie in wait for what may turn up to afford them a chance to plunder. They belong to a class quite too numerous in this community. Returned soldiers who have money are the special objects of consideration with these chaps.
Personal.—Capt. Chamberlin, of the 3d Cavalry, arrived here from Newbern last night on thirty day's leave. He left Newbern last Sunday and has been in North Carolina over a year. He brings a favorable report of the condition of his regiment, and speaks favorably of the Union cause in North Carolina. He was with Lieut. Col. Lewis in the great raid made by a detachment of six hundred men and saw considerable of the interior of the old North State. Lieut. Col. Lewis is to come home by the next steamer and may be expected daily.
Lieut. Frost, of the 8th Cavalry, arrived here day or two since on a short furlough. He has been absent almost a year, and comes home rather ill but hopes to speedily recover and return to his regiment, which has had abundant opportunity in the past few months to display its ability in the conflict.
Col. Emmerson, of the 151st, Niagara, regiment is in town. He is detailed for duty at Elmira in connection with the drafted men.
MORE GALLANT OFFICERS SLAIN.—Among the gallant officers reported slain in the recent assault upon Petersburg are Col. Mix and Maj. Hedges, The loss of these men will cause much sorrow in a large circle of warm friends, as well as among the near relatives who are thus bereaved.
Col. Mix was a resident of Scoharie [sic] County, and when the Third Cavalry was organized he went in a battalion and acted as Lt. Col. He was promoted to the Colonelcy and had commanded the regiment for a year or more,—our townsman, George W. Lewis, being Lt. Colonel. As the Third cavalry is regarded as a Rochester regiment, Colonel Mix has often been here and made many acquaintances. The Petersburg Express, a rebel paper, refers to the death of Col. Mix, after describing an assault made on the rebel works which was repulsed with great lose to both sides. It says:
" Among the dead left on the field in front of this battery (Macon Artillery) was Col. Mix, of New York, who seemed to have been instantly killed by a cannon shot in the breast."
Col. S. H. Mix in a Fight.
The Tribune correspondent with Butler, under date of May 10 says: The 1st Cavalry Brigade, commanded by Col. Mix of the 3d New York Cavalry, opened the fight at Stony Creek. The whole Rebel force there--the Holcomb
Legion, commanded by Major Ziegler of South Carolina--was captured by the 3d, after a sharp fight of a few hours. Lieut. Mayes and about a dozen of the 3d were killed. The enemy lost heavily.
Death of Col. Mix.--We are pained to learn that Col. S. H. Mix, of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, fell as the head of his Brigade while charging the Rebel works at Petersburg, on the 15th. He was hit in the head. He would not permit his men to carry him off the field at the time, and his body was therefore left in the hands of the Rebels. He was a brave and competent officer, and willingly gave up his life in defence of his Country.
Col. S. H. Mix.
Our friend, Col. Simon H. Mix, of the Third New-York Cavalry, was among the killed in front of the Rebel entrenchments at Petersburg on the 15th inst. We hoped, when we first heard of the death, that it was another Col. Mix, but there seems no longer room for doubt.
Col. Mix was a native, we believe, of Johnstown, Montgomery (now Fulton) County, and there learned the printing trade under his father, Peter Mix, now and for many years editor of The Schoharie Patriot. Both father and son were among the earliest and firmest Republicans, and the latter was in 1860 the Republican candidate for Congress in that (Mohawk valley) district, but was beaten a few votes by Chauncey Vibbard, Superintendent of the Central Railroad, which wielded an immense patronage therein.
At the first reverberation of the cannon around Fort Sumter, young Mix dedicated himself to the military service of his country. He was largely if not mainly instrumental in raising the 3d Cavalry, one of the best regiments that ever left our State, whereof he became at first Major, and rose at length to be Colonel. It was a regiment of farmers' sons, twelve hundred strong; and Col. Mix assured us with pride, after it had been many months in service, that no member of it had ever deserted. He died at its head, charging gallantly the cohorts of Treason, leaving a wife and son to deplore their great loss, and to cherish the patriotic virtue that will long enshrine him in the hearts of thousands of his admiring countrymen.
Death of Col. Mix.
Col. Simon H. Mix, of the Third-New York, who was engaged in Kautz' attack upon Petersburg, on Tuesday the 15th, fell at the head of his brigade, immediately in front of the enemy. He was struck in the head by a small piece of shell or canister. When he fell the fire was exceedingly hot, and, feeling satisfied that nothing could be accomplished there by cavalry, Gen. KAUTZ had just ordered a retreat to prevent further sacrifice of life. The men attempted to carry Col. Mix off the field, but he insisted that they should take care of themselves and leave him.
As soon as the troops had fallen back to the line of the woods, and were no longer exposed to the enemy's fire an attempt was made by Dr. Palmer, Surgeon of the Third New York and Dr. BENNETT, Surgeon of the First New mounted rifles, to recover the body of Col. Mix. But they were compelled eventually to give up the enterprise as entirely too hazardous.
Col. Mix was a native of Schoharie county. Like his father, he was a printor [sic], and was for some time one of the conductors of the Schoharie Patriot. The Republicans of his District nominated him for Congress in 1860, but he was defeated by Hon. CHAUNCEY VIBBARD.
Colonel Mix Killed.
The report yesterday proved too true. Col. S. H. Mix, of the Third New York Cavalry, was killed on the 15th instant, while gallantly leading his men against the Rebel works in front of Petersburg. His body is said to be in the hands of the enemy.
The death of Col. Mix is a severe loss to the service. He was a skillful officer, a good disciplinarian, and a stranger to fear. His whole heart was in the work. He entered the army at the outbreak of the Rebellion, and remained constantly in it until the time of his death. He saw much service, was conspicuous in the cavalry operations in Virginia, in the earlier portion of the war; served with great distinction under Gen. Burnside, and subsequently under Gen. Foster in North Carolina; was engaged in some of the most brilliant cavalry raids of the war; and was more than once commended for his gallantry in a special order from headquarters.
Col. Mix was a native of Schoharie county. Like his father; he was a printer, and was for some time one of the conductors of the Schoharie Patriot. He was a forcible writer, and from an early age took a lively interest in politics. So high was the estimation in which he was held, that the Republicans of his District nominated him for Congress in 1860. He made a good run, but his competitor, Hon. CHAUNCEY VIBBARD, was elected by a small majority.
Col. Mix was a gentleman of fine social qualities. The fascination of his manner was irresistible. It was impossible to come in contact with him without loving him. There are thousands of men all over the State upon whom the news of his death will fall as a personal bereavement. It was his prayer that if he fell, it might be at the head of his noble regiment, charging upon the foe. His prayer has been answered. He died gloriously in defence of that flag he loved so well. And Fame, in awarding her prizes to the Heroes of the war, will bestow no stinted favor upon Col. Mix.
From the Third Cavalry.
A letter has been received by H. H. Craig, from Sergt. Major O. C. Spoor, of this regiment giving the particulars of the death of Col. Mix, together with a list of casualties of the regiment.
In the charge made by the Third and other regiments upon the rebel works, Col. Mix, commanding the brigade fell mortally wounded. He fell leading his men, swinging his hat, and crying "come on men!" The fire of the rebel batteries was so severe, that it was impossible to remove the Col. after we had withdrawn from the field. Many appeals were made to him to be taken from the field, to all of which he strongly protested, say, "take care of yourselves, and I will have an ambulance sent for me."
Mr. S. says in addition to the loss of the Colonel, the loss was singularly slight. The casualties were as follows:
Capt. Chamberlin, Co A, slightly wounded; Private James Metlab, Co. E, killed.
Privates James Larkin, Co. D, Sergt. L. Moshier, Co. E, private Thos. Cook, Co. K, Alfred Van Buskirk and Alexander Froman, all slightly wounded.
Corp. Ellis and Sergt. Geo. Cummings, missing.
Mortimer Odell, Co. G, accidently [sic] shot himself through the heart.
The letter was written on the 18th, near Bermuda Hundreds.
The writer says the Charlotte boys are "full blood," and stand the battles bravely.
Col. Simon H. Mix.
HEADQUARTERS 3D N. Y. CAVALRY.
IN THE FIELD,
PETERSBURG, Va., June 18.
Whereas, Col. Simon H. Mix, of the Third New York Cavalry, commanding first brigade of Gen. Kautz's division, was killed on the 15th inst., while leading his brigade in a charge on the enemy's earthworks at Petersburg:
Resolved, That in the death of Colonel Mix the nation has lost the services of a man of distinguishment in civil life, as well as of high position in the army. He was one of the first of that great multitude of influential citizens who at the beginning of this Rebellion exchanged the luxuries of home for the privations and dangers of the field. It was to his instrumentality that the formation of the Third New York Cavalry was chiefly due; and at the time of his death he had commanded it over two years.
Resolved, That while the Nation has lost an eminent citizen and a brave soldier, this regiment has lost a friend, as well as a commander. Very few among those great men who during this war have become a memory and a name, carried with them into the army the affection of a larger number, or made more friends while in it. He was a man of such kindness of heart, of such geniality of disposition, so highly gifted with all the qualities which give a charm to social intercourse, that he brought cheerfulness into every circle which he entered.
Resolved, That while lamenting the death of Col. Mix, we recognize the truth that many of the circumstances of his death were such as a soldier would choose. He fell in the final charge, at the head of his brigade, at the close of a day during which he had always been where the fire was hottest; and when that wave formed of brave men that had rolled up to the Rebel entrenchments fell back on the utmost limit reached by its ensanguined crest, he was found by the enemy dead, thus, with so many others, contributing his blood as the cement of our national institutions.
Resolved, That we offer our tender and respectful sympathy to his relatives and friends, and especially to his aged parents, who, having watched by his cradle, are called in God's providence to stand by his grave, and also we offer our sympathy to his only son.
Resolved, That a copy of the above preamble and resolutions be published in the New York Tribune, the Albany and Rochester papers, the Schoharie Union, and the Johnstown Independent.
In behalf of the regiment.
Geo. W. Lewis, Lieut. Col. Com'g.
ISREAL H. PUTNAM, Lieut. and Acting Adjt.
THE SCHOHARIE UNION.
Schoharie, Thursday, June 23, 1864.
Col. Simon H. Mix.
On Monday morning of the present week our village was thrown into the most painful excitement by the startling announcement in the New York papers, that Colonel S. H. Mix, of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, was killed on Wednesday the 15th instant, while gallantly leading his brigade against the rebel works before Petersburg. A subsequent report, however, somewhat relieved our apprehensions for his fate, for it was stated by a correspondent of the N. Y. Herald that the Col. was supposed to be severely but not mortally wounded in the head, and had fallen into the hands of the enemy. Upon this rested all our hopes for his safety; but to-day our worst fears are realized. Col. Simon Hosack Mix is dead! We feel ourselves totally incompetent to pronounce an appropriate eulogy of the character of so noble a man, and do wish, therefore, that the duty could devolve upon one better fitted for the solomn [sic] office.
It is unnecessary to rehearse elaborately the history of the organization of the Regiment which it was Col. Mix's pride and honor indeed, to command, for the 3rd New York Cavalry is so intimately associated with this community that all know its origin and illustrious career.
On the breaking out of the rebellion, Col. Mix conceived it to be his duty, alike with other patriots who have given their efforts and lives for the preservation of the Union, to take part in the great struggle still being waged for the cause of American Liberty. He entered the army as major of the above named regiment, in the beginning of the war, but in a short time afterwards was promoted to the rank of Colonel, in which position he remained up to the time of his death. He took a high stand in the service, and having early discovered a skill and courage that commended him conspicuously to the notice and confidence of his corps and Department commanders, he was frequently intrusted [sic] with important military missions, in which he always distinguished himself. After having seen much service in the early Virginia campaigns, his regiment was transferred to the Department of North Carolina, where it led for a long time, all the cavalry operations. Subsequently, when Gen. Peck was assigned to that Department, Col. Mix was selected as Chief of Cavalry on his Staff, which post he continued to hold until ordered back to Virginia, when he was placed in command of a brigade under Gen. Kautz. In speaking of his military standing and success, the Albany Evening Journal thus remarks:
" The death of Col. Mix is a severe loss to the service. He was a skillful officer, a good disciplinarian, and a stranger to fear. His whole heart was in the work. He entered the army at the outbreak of the Rebellion, and remained constantly in it until the time of his death. He saw much service; was conspicuous in the cavalry operations in Virginia, in the earlier portion of the war; served with great distinction under General Burnside, and subsequently under General Foster in North Carolina; was engaged in some of the most brilliant cavalry raids of the war; and was more than once commended for his gallantry in a special order from headquarters.
An incident connected with his fall on the battle field, faithfully illustrates the heroic spirit and self sacrificing devotion by which he was animated.
The Herald's correspondent writes:
" The men attempted to carry Colonel Mix off the field, but he insisted that they should take care of themselves and leave him."
Col. Simon H. Mix, was born on the 24th day of February 1825, in the village of Johnstown, Montgomery (now Fulton) county, where his father, Peter Mix, was publishing the Montgomery Republican. On the 1st day of February 1838, Mr. Mix came to this village and established the Schoharie Patriot, the first number of which was published on the 13th of that month. His son Simon H. then thirteen years of age, proved himself so apt and proficient at type setting, that his services became indespensable [sic] in prosecuting the new enterprise. It was here the young lad imbibed the spirit of journalism, and it was also here his career as an editor had its youthful beginning; but it afterwards extended over a larger field of influence. Some years later, after a temporary absence from Schoharie, during which he was employed on the N. Y. Tribune, he returned to this village and succeeded his father, Peter Mix Esq., who survives his lamented son, in the editorial charge of the Schoharie Patriot, which he conducted for several years with signal ability. He was a versatile and ready writer, and possessed a talent, whose fertility and force introduced him favorably everywhere, to the profession which he adorned. The circumstances of the times in which he operated in this capacity, necessarily gave his mind a political direction, and so highly were his qualities estimated by his political associates, that he was nominated for Congress in 1860. His competitor was Hon. Chauncey Vibbard of Schenectady, by whom he was defeated by a small majority. Taking into consideration the elements of opposition with which he had to contend the canvass was flattering indeed; and it was no fault of the qualifications and merit of Col. Mix, that he was not made the honored representative of this district in Congress. The patriotism and loyalty that have since distinguished him, and the crowning glory of his death at the post of danger and duty; invest his memory with greater honor than can be bestowed by a government or people.
Socially, Col. Mix was a gentleman of the highest order. It was not necessary to know him long or intimately to appreciate him. The acquaintance of a day knew him as well as the friend of years. There was nothing repulsive in his composition; nothing affected; but it was the commanding influence of his nature and manners to inspire respect and love, sentiments which went out of his own heart toward his fellowmen. In this connection we again quote the Evening Journal:
Col. Mix was a gentleman of fine social qualities. The fascination of his manners was irresistible. It was impossible to come in contact with him without loving him. There are thousands of men all over the State upon whom the news of his death will fall as a personal bereavement. It was his prayer that if he fell, it might be at the head of his noble regiment, charging upon the foe. His prayer has been answered. He died gloriously in defence of that flag he loved so well. And Fame, in awarding her prize to the Heroes of the war, will bestow no stinted favor upon Col. Mix.
We have thus feebly attempted to pay just tribute to the character of one so dearly beloved. But words are inadequate to express the depth of sorrow and gloom the sad intelligence of Col. Mix's death has cast upon Schoharie county, or the exalted admiration and affection in which his virtues and name are cherished.
His remains rest in the soil of Virginia whereon he poured out his lifeblood, an eloquent sacrifice to the cause of Human Freedom. He died as the hero dies—"With his back to the field and his feet to the foe."
And to his memory need be erected no marble shaft nor monumented urn, for he will live forever in the hearts of his countrymen.
Attention Cavalry.--Captain George M. Elliott, late Lieut. 28th N. Y. Vol. and Lieut. Fred. J. Maxwell, of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry, have received authorization papers to recruit a company of Cavalry for Mix's new regiment to be brigaded with the celebrated 3d N. Y. Cavalry, stationed at Newbern, N. C.; the brigade to be commanded by Col. Simon H. Mix, of the 3d N. Y. Cavalry.—There are four companies of this Regiment at Newbern, N. C. All of the two year's men who are mustered out of the service, and re-enlist will receive furlough for thirty days. Pay, clothing and rations commence from the date of enlistment or will be forwarded to Newbern, N. C., or to the camp of Instruction, just as they choose. Two hundred and fifty dollars bounty will be paid to all old men, and one hundred and seventy-five dollars bounty to all new men who have never been in the service.
Lieut. Maxwell is a townsman of ours and enlisted as a private soldier in Co. A, 3d cavalry, two years ago, and by his good conduct and strict attention to duty, was promoted through the different grades to the rank of 2d Lieut. He is an experienced cavalry officer, having been fighting the guerillas and bushwackers of North Carolina, for the last fifteen months. Lieut. Maxwell will have charge of recruiting for this regiment in this section of the country, and now is the time to join in the highest and best branch of the service. An office will be opened here this week.
THE GREAT CAVALRY RAID IN N. CAROLINA.
Correspondence of the Republican Advocate.
NEWBERNE, N. C., July 29, 1863.
Mr. Editor: Having a few leisure moments to spare, I thought I would address you a few lines in regard to the Old Third New York Cavalry, thinking you would, perhaps, like to know what we have been doing down here.—However, I dare say you have heard all the particulars, ere this, of what I am about to write you.
The Old Third is to-day what she always has been--up and awake. She has proved herself to be one of the first in the service, and has, probably, made one of the largest raids of late, of its length of time and for the amount of destruction of property, that has been made by any cavalry in the service—of which I will give you a brief description:
On the morning of the 18th inst., an expedition of cavalry was fitted out of eighteen companies—the Third commanded by Lieut. Col. Lewis, Majors Coles and Jacobs—and two companies of Mix's new cavalry, three companies of the 13th N. Y. cavalry, and the North Carolina company; also, two pieces of the 3d cavalry regimental howitzers; two pieces of the 3d N. Y. artillery; and Captain Wilson, of the Pioneer Corps, with some fifty colored soldiers armed with axes, spades, and irons, prepared for destroying railroad track.
FIRST DAY'S ADVANCE.
We started under the command of Brig. Gen. Potter, for a raid up the country, in the direction of the Wilmington & Weldon railroad, with six days' cooked rations—three of them on our saddles, and the other three carried upon pack horses and mules fitted for the purpose.
We were all ready and formed in battalion line, in front of Fort Totten, by 6 o'clock a. m. The sun was shining hot; but before we were all embarked across the river, (Neuse,) which took the whole forenoon, we got a good, thorough sprinkling, which wet to the hide. We marched only eighteen miles that afternoon—as far as Swift Creek bridge—most of the way nothing but swamp. We encamped there for the night, in the woods and thick bushes, and it was so dark that all the fiends of the Southern Confederacy could not have found us, even if they had tried. Here numerous fired were built, and each man made his own coffee, and ate his own hard case with a relish, too. We laid down on the ground with nothing but a poncheo, and got a few hours of sleep which was sweet to be remembered.
SECOND DAY'S ADVANCE.
We were up, our horses saddled and fed, as well as ourselves, and all ready for a start by daylight. We were again on the move for Greenville, frequently capturing horses and mules, also rebel pickets. About 10 o'clock A. M. we captured a confederate paymaster with $20,000 in confederate scrip; and at about 1 o'clock p. m. we charged on a rebel camp six miles from Greenville, and captured 17 out of 20 of Whitworth's guerillas, killing one. We charged into Greenville about 3 o'clock p. m., but met with no opposition, there being only six cavalry pickets there, which we captured. The place was fortified by a line of breastworks all around the town, which was built since the first of June last. Greenville is a very nice looking and pleasantly situated little village.—Its chief and about the only productions are some very pretty ladies, who were much admired by us all. Ladies are somewhat of a rarity down here; but secession was stamped on every feature of the birds, especially when we demanded the keys to the smokehouses and took out the many nice hams, honey, &c., and the numerous stores which were opened and the contents destroyed as we liked. All this led them to feel delightful towards the Yankees; but it couldn't be helped.
From Greenville we marched till midnight, and stopped at Sparta till about 3 o'clock A. M. of next day, when we were divided.
THIRD DAY'S ADVANCE.
Six companies of us, under Maj. Jacobs, went to Rocky Mount, about twenty miles from Sparta. The remainder of the expedition went to Tarborough, a distance of eight miles. We arrived at Rocky Mount at 9 o'clock A. M., and charged into town, capturing a train of cars, a Major, Captain, a Lieutenant, and a Paymaster with $25,000 in confederate scrip. We burned the cars and depot, containing a large amount of ....
THE NORTH CAROLINA RAID.
The Great Rail Road Bridge over the Tar River at Rocky Mount Burned. (1863)
FORTRESS MONROE, July 23.
The Richmond Whig says:—
" The Federal cavalry raid from Newbern, N. C., reached Rocky Mount, on the line of the Wilmington and Weldon rail road, on the 20th, and destroyed two miles of the track. The bridge over the Tar river, one thousand feet long, was burned, thereby cutting off communication for some weeks.''
The following is from the Petersburg Express of July 24th:—
" From passengers who reached here yesterday morning on the train from Weldon, we gather some particulars of the raid on Rocky Mount, N. C., briefly reported by us in yesterday's Express. The gang numbered between 400 and 600, and came up from Washington, N. C. This is the route supposed to have been taken for Rocky Mount, though about the same distance from Plymouth as Washington. The roads from the latter point are much the best, though either road would bring them to Tarboro, about eighteen miles from Rocky Mount, and where, until recently, the Government has had immense supplies of bacon, corn, &c. The raiders reached Rocky Mount about 12 o'clock, meeting with no resistance. The small squad of fifteen or twenty men guarding the bridge over, the Tar river, near Rocky Mount, of course, did not risk an engagement with such odds, but, we presume, retired in good order. The Federals immediately proceeded to burn the depot, destroy the water tanks, and commit acts of Vandalism.
In this vicinity they also burned 5,000 bales of cotton, belonging mostly to private individuals, and which had accumulated at Rocky Mount, and a squad repaired to the large cotton factory near by, where they applied the torch, and the building, with its valuable machinery, was quickly reduced to ashes. This is really a serious loss to all that portion of the State, as well as the south side of Virginia.
The regular mail train for Wilmington passed 20 minutes before the arrival of the raiders, and thus narrowly escaped capture.
The train on the Tarboro branch of the Wilmington road was not as fortunate, as it was captured by the raiders, and two car loads of ammunition and over 30,000 pounds of bacon were destroyed. They also attempted to destroy the cars and locomotive, but we understand they only partially succeeded.
The train from Weldon which reached here yesterday afternoon, brought no news later than the above.
Travel and telegraphic communication between Weldon and Wilmington are now interrupted, and we can find no one able to inform us when it will be resumed.
A military force sufficiently large to prevent a repetition of the destruction effected on Monday is now at hand on the road, but unfortunately they are just in time to be too late.
LATER.—We learn by telegraph from Wilmington that the bridge destroyed by the raiders spanned Tar river, near Rocky Mount, and was a most substantial structure, some 300 yards long. The track for a mile or two was torn up and other damage done, which will take a week or more to repair.
It is understood the raiders have only fallen back to Tarboro. If they are allowed to remain at Tarboro it will be time thrown away to repair the rail road, for they will be able to reach it again in a few hours time whenever they feel disposed. We hope, however, that Gen. Robert Ransom, who is now in that direction, will quickly clear the invaders out.
Colonel James H. Van Alen, of Van Alen and Mix's cavalry, arrived in Washington this morning and will take command of his regiment to-morrow. Lieutenant Colonel Mix, who has been in sole charge of the regiment thus far, will take command of that portion which has been detached to join General Bank's column. Capt. George D. Bayard, instructor of cavalry tactics at West Point, has obtained a leave of absence from the regular army to take the senior majority in this regiment. Lieutenant John Mix, Second cavalry, has also been detached and is now adjutant of the regiment.
A portion of Colonel Berdan's regiment of Sharpshooters have arrived, and will form a part of General Lander's brigade, which will be composed of picked men. Those who know General Lander can judge what the compositions of his brigade will be, when it is known that the formation of it is left entirely to his own selection. (Sept. 1, 1861)