33rd Infantry Regiment
Nickname: Ontario Regiment
Mustered in: July 3, 1861
Mustered out: June 2, 1863
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
This regiment, Col. Robert F. Taylor, was accepted by the State May 22, 1861; organized at Elmira, and there mustered in the United States service for two years July 3, 1861, to date from May 22, 1861. In October, 1862, Company D was disbanded, and a new company formed in its place of recruits joined at that time. May 14, 1863, the three years' men of the regiment were attached to the 49th Infantry, and October 1, 1863, trans-ferred to the companies of the same.
The companies were recruited principally: A and K at Seneca Falls; B at Palmyra; C — Waterloo Wright Guards — at Waterloo; D at Canandaigua; E at Geneseo; F at Nunda; G — Richmond Guards — at Buffalo; H at Geneva, and I—Keuka Rifles — at Penn Yan.
The regiment left the State July 8, 1861; served at and near Washington, D. C.,. from July 9, 1861; in W. F. Smith's Brigade, Army of Northeastern Virginia, from. August 4, 1861; in Stevens' Brigade, Smith's Division, Army of the Potomac, from September 25, 1861; in Davidson's, 3d, Brigade, Smith's Division, 4th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March 13, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, 2d Division, 6th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May, 1862, and was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Colonel Taylor June 2, 1863, at Geneva, N. Y.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 1 officer, 29 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 15 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 105 enlisted men; total, 3 officers, 149 enlisted men; aggregate, 152; of whom 1 officer and 1 enlisted man died in the hands of the enemy.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Thirty-third Infantry.—Col., Robert F. Taylor; Lieut.-Cols., Calvin Walker, Joseph W. Corning; Majs., Robert J. Mann, John S. Platner. The 33d, the "Ontario Regiment," was composed of "com-panies from the northwestern part of the state and was mustered into the U. S. service at Elmira, July 3, 1861, for two years, to date from May 22, 1861. It left the state for Washington on July 8; was located at Camp Granger on 7th street until Aug. 6; then moved to Camp Lyon near Chain bridge on the Potomac; was there assigned to Smith's brigade and was employed in construction work on Forts Ethan Allen and Marcy during September. At Camp Ethan Allen, Sept. 25, the regiment became a part of the brigade commanded by Col. Stevens in Gen. Smith's division. Four days later it was in a skirmish with the enemy near Lewinsville, and on; Oct.11 , went into winter quarters at Camp Griffin near Lewins-ville. The 3d brigade, under command of Gen. Davidson, Smith's division, 4th corps, Army of the Potomac, left camp March 10, 1862, and moved to Manassas; then returned to Cloud's mills, where it embarked for the Peninsula on March 25. In the siege of Yorktown the regiment was active. It encountered the enemy at Lee's mill; participated in the battles of Williamsburg, Mechanics-ville, and the Seven Days' fighting from Gaines' mill to Malvern hill; encamped at Harrison's landing from July 2 to Aug. 16, and then left camp for Newport News. With Lieut.-Col. Corning temporarily in command of the brigade, the command moved to Hampton on Aug. 21, then returned to Alexandria and took part in the Maryland campaign in September. At Crampton's gap and Antietam the regiment displayed its gallantry and lost in the latter battle 47 in killed, wounded and missing. In October it was stationed along the Potomac near Hagerstown; passed the first two weeks of November in camp at White Plains and the remainder of the month at Stafford Court House; moved toward Fredericksburg on Dec. 3; fought there with the 3d brigade, 2nd division, 6th corps, to which it had been assigned in May, 1862; camped at White Oak Church until it joined the "Mud March" in Jan., 1863, and returned to winter quarters at White Oak Church. In the battle of Chancellors-ville the regiment belonged to the light brigade and lost at Marye's heights 221 killed, wounded and missing. It returned to the old camp at White Oak Church, where on May 14 the three years' men were transferred to the 49th N. Y. infantry and the two years' men were mustered out at Geneva, June 2, 1863. The total enrollment of the regiment was 1,220 members, of whom 47 were killed or died of wounds during the term of service and 105 died from accident, imprisonment or disease.
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