157th Infantry Regiment
Nickname: Madison And Cortland Regiment
Mustered in: September 19, 1862
Mustered out: July 10, 1865
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
Colonel Philip P. Brown, Jr., received authority, August 13, 1862, to recruit this regiment in the then 23d Senatorial District of the State. It was organized at Hamilton, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years September 19, 1862. June 22, 1865, the men not to be mustered out with the regiment were transferred to the 54th Infantry.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Hamilton, Madison, Sherburne and Georgetown; B at Oneida; C at Hamilton, Cincinnatus, Marathon, Cuyler, Taylor, Willet, Solon, Freetown and Pitcher; D at Scott, Preble and Homer; E at Cortland, Virgil, Harford and Cortlandville; F at Smyrna, Smithfield, Lebanon, Georgetown, Hamilton, Eaton and Madison; G at Canastota, Lennox, Clockville, Wampsville, Oneida and Hamilton; H at Homer, Truxton and Cortlandville; I at Sullivan, Smithfield and Hamilton; and K at Cortlandville, Marathon, Harford, Freetown and Virgil.
The regiment left the State September 25, 1862; it Served in the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 11th Corps, from October, 1862; in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, nth Corps, from July 13, 1863; in the 2d Brigade, Gordon's Division, 10th Corps, on Folly and Morris Islands, S. C., from August, 1863; in Schimmelpfenning's Division, 10th Corps, from January, 1864; in the 1st Brigade, Ames' Division, 10th Corps, from February, 1864; in the District of Florida, from February, 1864; at Beaufort, S. C., from June 15, 1864; on Morris Island, S. C, from September 5, 1864; at Fort Pulaski, Ga., from October 22 to November 28, 1864; in the 1st, Potter's, Brigade, Coast Division, Department of the Gulf, from November, 1864; at Georgetown, S. C., from February, 1865; and, commanded by Col. James C. Carmichael, it was honorably discharged and mustered out July 10, 1865, at Charleston, S. C.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 5 officers, 50 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 40 enlisted men; of disease and other cause's, 2 officers, 104 enlisted men; total, 9 officers, 194 enlisted men; aggregate, 203; of whom 1 officer, 4 enlisted men, died in the hands of the enemy.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
One Hundred and Fifty-seventh Infantry.—Cols., Philip P. Brown, Jr., James C. Carmichael; Lieut.-Cols., George Arrowsmith, James C. Carmichael, Frank Place; Majs., James C. Carmichael, Frank Place, Leonard F. Briggs. This regiment, recruited in the counties, of Madison and Cortland, was organized at Hamilton, and there mustered into the U. S. service for three years on Sept. 19, 1862. It left the state on the 25th and on reaching Washington was assigned to the 1st brigade, 3d (Schurz's) division, nth corps, with which it went into winter quarters at Stafford, Va. Its first battle was the disastrous one of Chancellorsville, where it lost 98 in killed, wounded and missing. The regiment sustained a fearful loss at Gettysburg, where it was heavily engaged on the first two days of the battle and was highly praised for its gallantry. Lieut.-Col. Arrowsmith was killed on the first day. The casualties of the 157th amounted to 6 officers and 46 men killed and mortally wounded; 6 officers and 137 men wounded; 6 officers and 106 men, missing, a total of 307. Soon after the battle it was assigned to the 1st brigade of Schimmelfennig's (1st) division, same corps. This division was detached in August and ordered to Charleston harbor, where it became a part of the 10th corps, and during the remainder of 1863, the regiment, in the 2nd brigade, Gordon's division, 10th corps, was stationed on Folly and Morris islands, S. C. It participated in the siege of Fort Wagner and the various operations about Charleston harbor; was engaged at Seabrook and John's Islands in Feb., 1864, meeting with some losses, and was then ordered to Florida, where it remained until June, when it returned to Beaufort. During the remainder of its service it took part in the engagements at Honey Hill (loss, 32 killed and wounded), Boyd's point, Coosawhatchie, Deveaux neck (loss, 24), Tillafinny Station (loss, 20), all in 1864; in 1865 it fought at Manningsville, Dingle's mill (loss. 28), Singleton's plantation, Big Rafting creek and Statesburg. On July 10, 1865, it was mustered out at Charleston, S. C., under Col. Carmichael. It lost by death during service, 7 officers and 90 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded; 2 officers and 104 men died of disease and other causes; total deaths, 203; total casualties, killed, wounded and missing, 533.