142nd Infantry Regiment
Nickname: St. Lawrence County Regiment
Mustered in: September 29, 1862
Mustered out: June 7, 1865
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
Colonel Roscius W. Judson received authority to recruit this regiment in the then 17th Senatorial District of this State; it was organized at Ogdensburg, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years September 29, 1862. June 7, 1865, the men not to be mustered out with the regiment were transferred to the 169th Infantry.
Colonel N. Martin Curtis of this regiment, commanding brigade, led the assault on Fort Fisher, N. C, January 15, 1865; having obtained possession of part of the works and while in the act of directing approaching reinforcements, he was, what was thought to be mortally, wounded; in recognition of his services on this occasion the Secretary of War issued then and there a commission to him as a Brigadier-General of U. S. Volunteers, and later he received the thanks of the people of the State in a concurrent resolution of the Legislature.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Macomb, DeKalb, Oswegatchie, Gou-verneur, Hermon, Canton, Colton and Fine; B at Rossie, Gouverneur, Morristown, Hammond, Macomb and Fowler; C at Waddington, Ogdensburg, Lisbon, Louisville and Madrid; D at Macomb, Bangor, Franklin, Westville, Constable, Burke and Bellmont; E at Oswegatchie, DePeyster, Lisbon and Hammond; F at Dickinson, Bangor, Moira, Brandon and Lawrence; G at Oswegatchie, Fort Covington, Bombay, Canton, Lisbon and Westville; H at Macomb, Burke, Bellmont, Constable and Brandon; I at Massena, Waddington, Potsdam, Pierrepont, Hammond, Madrid and Louisville; and K at Russell, Canton, Pierrepont, Ogdensburg and Lisbon.
The regiment left the State October 6, 1862; it served in the defenses of Washington . from October, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22d Corps, from February, 1863; in the 3d, Hughston's, Brigade, Gurney's Division, Department of Virginia, at Suffolk, Va., from April, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, Gordon's Division, 7th Corps, from May, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 4th Corps, from June, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 11th Corps, from July, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, Gordon's Division, 10th Corps, at Hilton Head, Folly and John's Islands, S. C., from August, 1863; in Schimmelpfenning's Division, 10th Corps, from January, 1864; in 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 10th Corps, from April, 1864; in 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 18th Corps, from May 30, 1864; in 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 10th Corps, from June 15, 1864; in same brigade and division of 24th Corps, from December, 1864; of the Provisional Corps, from March, 1865; of the 10th Corps, from April 2, 1865; and, commanded by Col. Albert M. Barney, it was honorably discharged and mustered out June 7, 1865, at Raleigh, N. C.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 2 officers, 68 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 59 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 2 officers, 160 enlisted men; total, 6 officers, 287 enlisted men; aggregate, 293; of whom 14 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
One Hundred and Forty-second Infantry.—Cols., Roscius W. Jud-son, Newton M. Curtis, Albert M. Barney; Lieut.-Cols., Newton M. Curtis, Albert M. Barney, William A. Jones; Majs., Nathan G. Axtell, William A. Jones, William S. P. Garvin. This regiment, recruited in the counties of St. Lawrence and Franklin, rendezvoused at Ogdens-burg, and was there mustered into the U. S. service on Sept. 29, 1862, for three years. The regiment left for Washington on Oct. 6, where it was stationed until April of the. following year, when it was ordered to Suffolk, Va. During its long period of active service the 142nd gloriously earned its reputation as a fighting regiment. Col. Fox in his account of this organization, says: "It participated in the campaign of Gordon's division, up the Peninsula in June (1863), and in the Maryland march, soon after Gettysburg. From Warrenton, Va., the regiment went to Morris island, S. C., arriving there on Aug. 17, 1863. In the following May, the 142nd returned to Virginia and joined Butler's Army of the James, having been assigned to the 1st brigade, 2nd division (Turner's), l0th corps. While at Cold Harbor the division was attached for a short time to the 18th corps. The losses in the regiment at Drewry's bluff and Bermuda Hundred were 19 killed, 78 wounded and 22 missing; at Fort Harrison, 6 killed, 51 wounded and 10 missing; and at the Darbytown road, 8 killed, 90 wounded and 5 missing. In Dec., 1864, the l0th corps was merged in the newly-formed 24th corps, the regiment being placed in Curtis' (1st) brigade, Ames' (2nd) division. In the same month this division, including the 142nd, sailed with Butler on the first expedition against Fort Fisher, N. C. It landed there and when the brigade was recalled from its advance the regiment had secured a position near to and in rear of the fort—so near that Lieut. Walling had captured a battleflag which had been shot down from the parapets. A battalion of the enemy were captured by the 117th New York, and the whole opposition of the Confederates was so weak that the officers believed that the fort could have been taken then with small loss. The statements of Gen. Curtis and other officers were so positive on this point, that Gen. Grant was largely influenced by them in his decision to order a second attempt. In this second affair, which was successful, Gen. Curtis led the assault and fell seriously wounded, but survived to enjoy his honors as the 'Hero of Fort Fisher." In recognition of his services on this occasion he was commissioned by the secretary of war a brigadier-general of U. S. volunteers, and was later thanked by the people of his state in a joint resolution of the legislature. In the engagement at Fort Fisher in Dec. 1864, the 142nd lost 20 killed and wounded; in the. second attack, in Jan., 1865, it lost 79 killed and wounded. The regiment sustained no further losses in battle after Fort Fisher, but was present at the actions of Fort Anderson and Wilmington, N. C., and took part in the campaign of the Carolinas from March 1 to April 26. Under the command of Col. Barney, it was mustered out June 17, 1865, at Raleigh, N. C., and on the 27th the veterans and recruits were transferred to the 169th N. Y. Out of a total enrollment of 1,370 the 142nd lost during service 3 officers and 126 men killed and died of wounds; 2 officers and 161 men died of disease and other causes; total deaths, 292.