118th Infantry Regiment
Nickname: Adirondack Regiment
Mustered in: August 18-20, 1862
Mustered out: June 13, 1865
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.Colonel Samuel T. Richards received, July 7, 1862, authority to recruit this regiment in the counties of Clinton, Essex and Warren; it was organized at Plattsburg and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years August 18 to 20, 1862. The members of the regiment not to be discharged with it were transferred to the 96th Infantry June 13, 1865.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Queensbury and Plattsburg; B at Chazy, Ellenburg and Saranac; C at St. Armand, Jay, Keene, North Elba and Wilmington; D at Horicon, Chester, Johnsburg and Luzerne; E at Crown Point, Moriah, New-comb, North Hudson, Schroon and Ticonderoga; F at Essex, Elizabethtown, Moriah and Westport; G at Luzerne, Bolton, Caldwell, Johnsburg, Stony Creek and Warrensburg; H at Plattsburg; I at Champlain, Chazy, Dannemora and Mooers, and K at Au Sable, Black Brook and Peru.
The regiment left the State September 3, 1862; served in the Middle Department, 8th Corps, from September 4, 1862; in the defenses and Department of Washington, later in Provisional Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22d Corps, from October 24, 1862; in the District of Washington, from February, 1863; at Suffolk, Va., in Reserve Brigade, 7th Corps, Department of Virginia, from April 22, 1863; in 1st Brigade, Getty's Division, 7th Corps, from May, 1863; in Wistar's Brigade, 4th Corps, from June, 1863; in Provisional Brigade, 7th Corps, from July, 1863; at Yorktown, Va., from August, 1863; at Norfolk and Portsmouth, Department of Virginia, from October, 1863; at Norfolk, Va., from November, 1863; at Newport News, Va., from December, 1863; in Wistar's Division, 18th Corps, from January, 1864; in Heckman's Division, 18th Corps, from February, 1864; in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 18th Corps, Army of the James, from April, 1864; in the 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 24th Corps, from December, 1864, and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. George F. Nichols, June 13, 1865, at Richmond, Va.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 5 officers, 55 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 43 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 188 enlisted men; total, 6 officers, 286 enlisted men; aggregate, 292; of whom 45 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
One Hundred and Eighteenth Infantry.—Cols., Samuel T. Richards, Oliver Keese, Jr., George F. Nichols; Lieut-Cols., Oliver Keese, Jr., George F. Nichols, Levi S. Dominey; Majs., George F. Nichols, Charles E. Pruyn, Levi S. Dominey, John S. Cunningham. The 118th, the "Adirondack Regiment," was recruited in the counties of Clinton, Essex and Warren, organized at Plattsburg, and there mustered into the U. S. service Aug. 18-20, 1862, for three years. It was composed of excellent material and left the state, 1,040 strong on Sept. 3. It served in the defenses of Washington until April, 1863, when it was ordered to Suffolk, Va., in the reserve brigade, 7th corps. In the 1st brigade, Getty's division, same corps, it was present at Antioch Church and Baker's cross-roads; in Wistar's brigade, 4th corps, at Franklin; and in the provisional brigade, 7th corps, it was engaged at South Anna bridge, losing II killed, wounded and missing. It then performed garrison and guard duty for several months at Yorktown, Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Newport News, Va. As part of the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 18th corps, it took part in the campaign against Richmond with Gen. Butler's Army of the James, being engaged at Port Walthall Junction, Chester Station, Swift creek. Proctor's creek, and Drewry's bluff. In the last named battle, it lost 199 in killed, wounded and missing. It fought gallantly at Cold Harbor in June, when it lost 32 in killed and wounded. In the first assaults on Petersburg it lost 21 killed and wounded. It was next severely engaged at Fort Harrison, where it lost 67 killed and wounded, and during the advance on Richmond by the Darbytown road in October its ranks were once more fearfully depleted, 111 being killed, wounded and missing. Then attached to the 2nd brigade, 3d division, 24th corps, it was engaged without loss at the fall of Petersburg, April 2, 1865. During the long period it was in the trenches before Petersburg it met with losses amounting to 43 in killed and wounded. It was on the skirmish line of the 3d division when Richmond was finally occupied, and claims to have been the first organized Federal infantry in that city. It was mustered out at Richmond, under Col. Nichols, June 13, 1865, haying lost by death during service, 6 officers and 98 enlisted men, killed and mortally wounded; 188 enlisted men by disease and other causes, a total of 292; of whom 45 died in Confederate prisons.