116th Infantry Regiment
Mustered in: August 10 to September 5, 1862
Mustered out: June 8, 1865.
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
July 14, 1862, Col. Edward P. Chapin received authority to recruit this regiment in Erie county; it was organized at Buffalo and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years from August 20 to September 5, 1862. The men not to be mustered out with the regiment were transferred, June 3, 1865, to the 90th Infantry.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Angola, Brant, Evans, Hamburgh and Buffalo; B at Newstead, Aurora, Lancaster, Clarence, Elma and Alden; C at Buffalo, Am-herst, Alden and Sardinia; D at Buffalo, Aurora, Golden, Eden and West Seneca; E at Buffalo and Amherst; F at Concord, Collins, Boston, Sardinia and Ashford; G at Buffalo; H at Aurora, Buffalo, Clarence, Hamburgh, Eden, Amherst and West Seneca; I at Buffalo, Holland, Elma, Lancaster, Marilla, Sardinia and Wales; and K at Hamburgh, Brant, Eden, Evans and Marilla.
Nine companies left the State September 5, 1862; Company K joined later in September; the regiment served in the 8th Corps, Middle Department, at Baltimore, Md., from September 7, 1862; arrived at Ship Island, La., December 4, 1862; served in 3d Brigade, 3d Division, Department of the Gulf, from January, 1863; in 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 19th Corps, from February, 1863; in 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Corps, from April, 1863; in 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 19th Corps, from February, 1864; in 1st Brigade, same division and corps, from March, 1864; in 3d Brigade, same division and corps, from May 9, 1864; in 1st Brigade, same division and corps, from June, 1864; with the Army of the Shenandoah, from October, 1864; in the defenses, of Washington, D. C., from April, 1865; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Geo. M. Love, June 8, 1865, at Washington, D. C.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 3 officers, 58 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 36 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 2 officers, 124 enlisted men; total, 7 officers, 218 enlisted mem; aggregate, 225; of whom 4 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
One Hundred and Sixteenth Infantry.—Cols., Edward P. Cha-pin, George M. Love; Lieut-Cols., Robert Cottier, Albert J. Barnard, John Higgins, Hohn Mappa Sizer; Majs., George M. Love, John Higgins, Hohn Mappa Sizer, George W. Carpenter. This regiment was recruited in Erie county, organized at Buffalo, and there mustered into the U. S. service from Aug. 20 to Sept. 5, 1862, for three years. Nine companies left the state the same day, Co. K following later in the month. It was stationed at Baltimore until November, when it sailed for Ship island, Miss., as part of Banks' expedition, arriving at its destination on Dec. 4. During March, 1863, it took part in the operations against Port Hudson, conducted as a diversion to enable Farragut's fleet to run the batteries. In the 1st brigade, 1st (Augur's) division, 19th corps, it fought gallantly at Plains store, losing 56 killed, wounded and missing, and was complimented on the field by Gen. Augur. During the long siege of Port Hudson, the regiment bore a conspicuous and glorious part, suffering in the assaults of May 27 and June 14, a loss of 130 in killed, wounded and missing. Among the killed in the. assault of May 27, was the gallant Col. Chapin and Maj. Love succeeded to the command. It was heavily engaged at Donaldson-yille and Bayou La Fourche, losing 44 killed, wounded and miss-' ing, and then moved with Franklin's expedition to Sabine pass, Tex., where 26 were captured. It was also present at Centerville, Vermillion bayou, and Carrion Crow bayou, La. In Dwight's (1st) brigade, Emory's (1st) division, 19th corps, it started on Banks' Red River expedition in March, 1864, engaging at Sabine cross-roads with a loss of 22; at Pleasant Hill, where the loss was 14, and at Cane river, Alexandria and Mansura. In July, when the corps was ordered to Virginia, it embarked for Washington. Upon its arrival there it marched through Maryland and participated in Sheridan's brilliant campaign in the Shenandoah Valley against Gen. Early. It was heavily engaged at the battle of the Opequan, losing 48 killed and wounded; was present at Fisher's hill, where it sustained a loss of 10 killed and wounded; and at New Market and Cedar creek, it again fought gallantly, losing 59 killed, wounded and missing. Col. Love is said to have captured the first Confederate flag taken during the battle, that of the 2nd S. C., and was awarded a medal of honor. The regiment was mustered out, under Col. Love, at Washington, D. C., June 8, 1865. It lost by death during service, 5 officers and 94 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded; 2 officers, 124 enlisted men by disease and other causes —total deaths 7 officers and 218 enlisted men.
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