110th Infantry Regiment

Nickname: Oswego County Regiment

Mustered in: August 25, 1862
Mustered out: August 28, 1865

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

The Hon. Cheney Ames received, May 23, 1862, authority to recruit this regiment in the county of Oswego; he was succeeded, July 29, 1862, by Col. DeWitt C. Littlejohn; it was organized at Oswego and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years August 25, 1862.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Volney; B at Richland, Albion and Williamstown; C at Orwell, Sandy Creek, Boylston and Redfield; D at Hastings and Schroeppel; E at Mexico, New Haven and Palermo; F at Hannibal; G at Oswego, Scriba, Amboy and West Monroe; H at Oswego; I at Oswego, Schroeppel and Volney; K at Constantia, Parish, West Monroe and Amboy.
The regiment left the State August 29, 1862; served in the Middle Department, 8th Corps, 1st Brigade, 1st Division, at Baltimore, Md., from August 30, 1862; in Sherman's Division in Louisiana, from December, 1862; in the 3d Brigade, 1st, Emory's, Division, Department of the Gulf, from January, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 19th Corps, from February, 1863; at Fort Jefferson, Fla., from February 9, 1864; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Charles Hamilton, August 28, 1865, at Albany.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 1 officer, 5 enlisted men; died of wounds received in action, I officer, 9 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 3 officers, 192 enlisted men; total, 5 officers, 206 enlisted men; aggregate, 211 whom 1 enlisted man died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II. 

One Hundred and Tenth Infantry.—Cols., DeWitt C. Littlejohn, Clinton H. Sage, Charles Hamilton; Lieut.-Cols., Clinton H. Sage, Warren D. Smith; Majs., Charles Hamilton, Henry C. Devendorf. This was an Oswego county regiment, organized at Oswego, and there mustered into the U. S. service for three years, Aug. 25, 1862. It left the state on the 29th, proceeding to Baltimore, where it was stationed until Nov., 1862, when it was ordered to New Orleans, and early in 1863 was assigned to Emory's division of the 19th corps. Its first experience under fire was at Fort Bisland, and at Franklin it had 12 killed and wounded. It took part in the long siege of Port Hudson and shared in the grand assault of June 14. The total loss of the regiment during the siege was 37 killed, wounded and missing. Its last battle was at Vermillion bayou, La., in Nov. 1863, where it lost 6 killed and wounded. In Feb., 1864, it was ordered to Fort Jefferson, Fla. The regiment was mustered out at Albany, under Col. Hamilton, Aug. 28, 1865. It lost during service 2 officers and 14 men killed and mortally wounded; 3 officers and 192 men died of disease and other causes—total deaths, 211. The high percentage of loss by disease was due to the long service of the regiment in the extreme South.

NYSMM Online Resources

Battles and Casualties from Phisterer (pdf)
Battles and Casualties from Phisterer (spreadsheet)

Muster Roll

Unit Roster

Three Oswego County Brothers in the Civil War and After: A Review of the Scriber Family and the 24th, 110th, and 184th NYSV Infantries by Kent Scriber

Search the Museum catalog for this unit

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Other Resources

This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Archambault, Alan and Anthony Gero. "110th New York Volunteer Infantry, 1862-1865." Military Collector and Historian 47:2 (Summer 1995) 86-87.

Bass, Samuel J. and Philo Judson. Bass family Civil War letters, 1861-1863.
Description:    .2 cubic feet.
Abstract:    112 letters from two cousins, Philo Judson and Samuel Jay Bass, from Orwell, New York (Oswego County) who fought for the Union in the Civil War. 112 letters from two cousins, Philo Judson and Samuel Jay Bass, from Orwell, New York (Oswego County) who fought for the Union in the Civil War.
Held at Cornell University.

Bradley, William Smith. William Smith Bradley papers, 1862-1867 and 1890-1898.
Papers concerning clothing supplies for the 110th; also muster rolls, orders, circulars and miscellanea; and correspondence, 1890-1898, concerning pensions claims for soldiers in his command. 1 linear ft. 
Located at Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan.

Byington, Charles M. Charles M. Byington diary, 1863.
Description:    1 volume.
Abstract:    The Charles M. Byington diary records the Civil War service of the quartermaster-sergeant of the 110th New York Infantry, including the battles of Fort Bisland and Port Hudson.
Held at the University of Michigan William L. Clements Library

Case, Samuel F. Correspondence, 1861-1865
Personal and financial correspondence of Case and his wife. Most of the letters came to Case as president and cashier of the Citizen's National Bank of Fulton; however, they reflect many of the events of the Civil War and contain information on the 110th, 147th, and 184th New York regiments. 29 items.
Located at Duke University.

Churchill, John Charles, 1821-1905. "Oswego County in the War of the Rebellion." Landmarks of Oswego county, New York. Salem, MA: Higginson Book Co. 1994, 1895.

Civil War Collection, 1850-1901.
Description:    1.3 cubic ft.
Abstract:    Diaries of Joel A. Baker, 1864-65; Lansing Bristol (transcribed), 1862-64; and Leander Tull (transcribed), 1864-65. Transcribed and original letters of William Davies, Oswego, 1862-63; Gleason Wellington, Oswego, 1862-64, with one letter describing a review of Black troops in Norfalk [sic]; and of Myron Wood, Sheds Corners, Madison County, 1862-63. Muster, enlistment, and casualty records, quartermasters' abstracts, orders, and other military records of 110th, 124th, and 147th New York Volunteers and 81st and 24th Cavalry, c.1850-64. Essays, addresses, and correspondence of Col. Henry Harrison Lyman (1841-1901) on the 147th Regiment at Gettysburg, placement of a monument at the Gettysburg battlefield, and Oswego County contributions to the Civil War, 1886-99.
Held at the  Oswego County Historical Society, 135 East 3rd Street, Oswego, New York 13126.

Erskine, Lucius A. Civil War Miscellaneous Collection
(Enlisted man's letter, May 14, 1863)
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Frye family. Frey family papers, 1793-1917 (bulk 1825-1890).
Description: 10.5 linear ft. (25 boxes)
Abstract: Correspondence, diaries, accounts, financial and legal documents, writings, sketches, genealogies, poetry, clippings, printed ephemera, gold mine documents, and miscellaneous materials, 1799-1917 (bulk 1825-1890), of various members of the Frey and related Ludlow and Van Schaack families of Palatine Bridge, Kinderhook, Oswego, and New York City, New York and elsewhere. The correspondence series comprises the bulk of the family papers and details family news, health matters, and deaths; opinions on religion, politics, and the Civil War; financial, legal, and property issues and troubles; and family history and genealogy. Letters from Caroline Frey Winne, written from various army postings in the northeastern and western United States during the 1870s and 1880s, including Fort Wadsworth (N.Y.), Fort McPherson (Neb.), Fort Sidney (Neb.), Fort Washakie (Wyo.), and Benicia Barracks (Calif.) describe local Native Americans, a meeting with Sitting Bull, violent incidents on the frontier, health and small pox, complaints about army life and servants, the death of Crazy Horse, and a Shoshone Sundance witnessed in 1879. Letters and diaries of Samuel Ludlow Frey, 1850-1917, concern the family farm, finances, deaths, land sales, the Civil War, health, and family and local news and history. Letters and a travel diary of John Frey, 1825-1886, principally concern familial, financial, legal, and property matters, as well as his schooling, legal studies, his religious conversion at the age of twenty, an 1829 journey to St. Augustine, Florida, the farm and farming, family strife, the Civil War, his job at the Custom House in New York City, grandchildren, and health. Letters from Henry A. Frey, 1854-1884, detail his ongoing financial, familial, and marital difficulties, including debts to family members, accusations of adultery and impropriety, the dissolution of his marriage, and his emotional troubles. Letters from Henry Frey of Darien, Wisconsin, promote Wisconsin and describe local life in Darien, particularly farming, the railraid, health, weather, disease and death, religion, and politics. Various members of the Ludlow family are also represented by letters recording their opinions on religion, politics, and current events. Letters of Rev. Henry Gilbert Ludlow, 1824-1865, concern his activities as minister of the Spring Street Presbyterian Church in New York and the Presbyterian Church of Poughkeepsie and discuss the state of religion and religious instruction in New York City, New Haven, and Poughkeepsie. The letters of Samuel Baldwin Ludlow, 1825-1881, mostly written from Oswego, New York, discuss family news, health, local politics, local business (particularly the insurance business), and current events. Ludlow family correspondence additionally includes letters of Anna and Helen Ludlow, two teachers of of African-American children in the South in the 1870s; also included are Ellen Ludlow's letters concerning religion, women and religion, and the Beecher scandal; as well as a few letters of the writer and poet FitzHugh Ludlow. In addition to the principal correspondents of the Frey and Ludlow families, correspondence is included from members of the related Ball family of Canada, the Conklings of New York, and the Beekman and Baldwin families. Additional materials include account books, reciepts, bonds, printed financial reports and statements, etc., 1799-1865, of the Frey family; including two volumes recording sales of alcohol, food, and cigars to Union troops. Legal materials, 1799-1865, and property records, 1806-1875, include indentures, bonds, court papers, drafts of wills, estate inventories, contracts, surveys, house plans, records of patent lots, and accounts of land sales. Examples of printed ephemera include invitations, death notices, advertisements, circulars, calling cards, auction catalogs, and programs for various events. Manuscripts authored or transcribed by Frey and Ludlow family members include drafts for articles, essays and addresses in the hand of John Frey on topics ranging from politics, slavery, and religion to homeopathy, insurance, and agriculture. Drafts are also present for Samuel Ludlow Frey's "The story of our river" and The Colonel and the Major." Also included are numerous newspaper clippings of articles by Samuel Ludlow Frey, articles pertaining to local historical topics of interest to him, and manuscript and printed poems, including an original manuscript of a poem by FitzHugh Ludlow for his cousin Samuel Ludlow Frey entitled "Epistle from a brave of the Ludlow tribe to a distinguished Mohawk." Frey family papers additionally contain series of genealogical materials for the Van Schaack, Ludlow, and Herkimer families; school report cards and notebooks; and two boxes of notes and memoranda by Samuel Ludlow Frey and others.
Located at the New York Historical Society, New York, NY.

Hall, Thomas. Thomas Hall diary, 1862-1863.
Description:    1 volume.
Abstract:    The Thomas Hall diary documents Hall's Civil War service with the 110th New York Infantry in 1862-1863, including camp life, encounters with African American vendors, health concerns, and his participation in the Siege of Port Hudson.
Held at the University of Michigan William L. Clements Library

Herrick, Harrison. Harrison Herrick diary, 1861-1865
Transcription of the diary of Harrison Herrick, who served in the 51st New York Infantry and the 110th New York Volunteers during the Civil War. 1 folder. 
Located at the Onondaga Historical Association Research Center, 321 Montgomery Street, Syracuse, NY 13202.

Johnson, Crisfield. ... History of Oswego County, New York. : With illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers. Philadelphia: L.H. Everts & co, 1877, 1991.

Morgan, John Hunt.    The Squire & Chester Tuttle papers, 1861-1864
Contains the following types of materials: correspondence, diary, casualty list, research papers. Contains information pertaining to the following war and time period: Civil War -- Eastern Theater, -- Gulf. Contains information pertaining to the following military units and organizations: 81st New York Infantry Regiment, Chicago Mercantile Battery, Illinois Light Artillery, 110th New York Infantry Regiment, 189th New York Infantry Regiment, 146th New York Infantry Regiment, 15th New York Engineer Regiment, 14th U.S. Veteran Reserve Regiment. General description of the collection: The Squire and Chester Tuttle papers include 1864 diary and letters of Squire N. Tuttle, 81st New York Infantry; letters of Chester Tuttle, 81st New York Infantry; Phineas H. Castle and Seymour Smith, both 189th New York Infantry; George Perry, Chicago Mercantile Battery; Makendree E. Rowley, 110th New York Infantry; William P. Faulkner, 146th New York Infantry; college research papers on John Hunt Morgan and Battle of Gettysburg.
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Pennfield, Joseph E.  Papers, 1862-1864
Contents include two diaries, 1862 and 1863; that provides brief summaries of events, activities, and weather for each day. These items are especially valuable for chronicling the movements and positions of Company E which was involved in the seige of Port Hudson, Lousiana. Also included is a letter addressed to Mrs. D.A. Doolittle of Oswego, NY from William Burr, who served in the 12th New York Cavalry Regiment. Dated 29 August 1864, from Camp Palmer, North Carolina. This letter mentions campaigns in North Carolina as well as personal and family matters. Other items include a muster roll of Company E of 110th New York Regiment of Infantry, 25 August 1862; and a photograph of Joseph E. Pennfield. 1 box. 
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

Parsons, David K. Bugles echo across the valley : Oswego County, N.Y. and the Civil War. Sandy Creek, N.Y. Write to Print, c1994.

R. M. Y.; Doyle, James. "Letter from the 110th." Oswego Commercial Advertiser. 10 April 1865.

Randall, Valorus. Diary, 1862 Jul. 22-1863 Apr. 30
Diary, 1862 Jul. 22-1863 Apr. 30, kept by Lieutenant Valorus Randall of the 110th Regiment, New York State Volunteers. Diary commences with his departure from Oswego Falls, New York, where he had been principal of the public school, and describe travel to Albany and New York City, time in camp near Washington, D.C.; experiences as an officer in the N.Y.S.V.; traveling to the Mississippi aboard the steamer Ericsson; camping along the Mississippi; and stopping at New Orleans on the way to Carrollton, Louisiana. He writes of his personal experiences and observations, army life, life aboard the transport, his comrades (mostly fellow residents of Northern New York), etc. 1 v. (128 p.). 
Located at the New York Historical Society, New York, NY.

Rider, Claudius W.  Diaries, 1862 Aug.-1865 Nov
Diaries, 1862 Aug.-1865 Nov., kept by Claudius W. Rider and recording his personal activities as a fifer in Company "C," 110th New York State Volunteers in Baltimore, Louisiana during the siege of Port Hudson, and at Fort Jefferson, Dry Tortugas, Florida, guarding Federal prisoners. The brief daily entries refer to life in camp, weather, military and other music, practicing and rehearsing, socializing with fellow soldiers, marches, disease, fatalities, voyages, the presidential election of 1864, the assassination of Lincoln and ceremonies held in his honor at Port Jefferson, daily occurences at the prison, and the arrival of the four conspirators. 4 v. (432 p.) 
Located at the New York Historical Society, New York, NY.

Rowley, Makendree. TuttleColl 
(Sgt's letter, Apr 16, 1865)
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Sawyer, John. John Sawyer papers relating to the 110th New York Infantry Regiment, 1862-1883.
Description:    .1 linear foot (1 folder)
Abstract:    Papers relating to the service and responsibility of Captain John Sawyer of the 110th New York Volunteers (New York Infantry Regiment), Company E. Includes Sawyer's commission certificate, general orders, correspondence, muster rolls and enrollment lists, requisitions and returns, and material relating to his honorable discharge for illness and subsequent pension request.
Held at the New York Public Library.

Seymour Smith, both 189th New York Infantry; George Perry, Chicago Mercantile Battery; Makendree E. Rowley, 110th New York Infantry; William P. Faulkner, 146th New York Infantry; college research papers on John Hunt Morgan and Battle of Gettysburg. 1 box. 
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Scriber, Kent. Three Oswego County Brothers in the Civil War and After: A Review of the Scriber Family and the 24th, 110th, and 184th NYSV Infantries. Ithaca, NY: Danby Press, 2008. Updated May 2013.

Seelinger, Matthew J. "Fort Jefferson Florida." On Point: The Journal of Army History. 15 :3 Winter 2010. 44-47.

Slosek, Anthony M. Oswego County, New York, in the Civil War Oswego, N.Y. Oswego County Civil War Centennial Committee, 1964.

Snyder, Charles M. "Oswego County's Response to the Civil War." New York History. 42 (January 1961) 71-92.

Snyder, Charles McCool. Oswego County, New York, in the Civil War Oswego, NY: Oswego County Historical Society, 1962.

Union soldier Henry Civil War letters, 1862-1865.
Abstract: Letters by a Union officer who enlisted in the 110th New York Infantry Regiment in 1862, then later served in the 96th U. S. Infantry, Corps d'Afrique. Written to his mother, letters recount a march to Port Hudson, Louisiana (March 18, 1863), detailing the confiscation and destruction of livestock and property by soldiers, and skirmishes with Confederate troops. Letters also describes an attack on Union boats near Port Hudson in which the "Mississippi" was set aflame by the enemy and exploded (Mar. 18, 1863); the siege of Port Hudson (June 30,1863); and occupation of a home in New Orleans by Union officers (Feb. 1865).
Located at Louisiana State University.

United United States Army. 110th New York Infantry, Co. C. Regiment Records (1862-1865)
Records related primarily to matters of personnel administration, such as enlistment, enrollment, discharges, transfers, promotions, desertions, and casualties. 1 box
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

Van Gelder family and Winifred W. Fiero. Van Gelder-Pine-Wardle-Fiero family papers, 1756-1984.
Description:    3.5 cubic ft., 6 v.
Abstract:    Deeds, letters, clippings, brochures, receipts, certificates, military papers, account books, diaries, and other items. Includes letters and diaries of Rebecca P. Van Gelder concerning trips to Chicago and Kansas, 1883, and a stereopticon lecture tour with her husband, 1890-1891; papers of James Harvey Van Gelder consisting of docket books, 1875-1908, family and personal letters, 1855-1904, letters, brochures, and clippings on his lecture tour, 1890-1891, and letters and reports on the Catskill water works, 1897-1905; family and personal letters to Carrie Van Gelder Wardle, including those from Bertha Johnston, 1870-1915; programs and photographs concerning the music career of Constance Wardle, 1914-1955; letters by Charles A. Wardle concerning water works projects and family business affairs, 1905-1922; letters from Francis A. and Isabel Wardle concerning gold mining in Oregon, 1898, experiences in Japan and China, 1900-1902, and life in San Francisco, 1902-1906; account books of Peter Fiero, 1836, John Fiero, 1837-1878, and Frederick G. Fiero, 1907-1917; guest register of Cherry Hill House, Catskill, 1895-1898; and a paper by Winifred Wardle Fiero on the family history, 1984. Collection also includes the Civil War letters of Augustus Pelham, Jr. of the 110th Regiment from Oswego.
Held at the  Greene County Historical Society. Jessie Van Vechten Vedder Memorial Library, Coxsackie, NY.

Whiting, Harriet A. Harriet Whiting letters, 1854-1902.
Abstract: The collection contains correspondence from various family members in teh states of New York and Wisconsin from 1854 to 1902. The letters from her husband and nephew, both of whom served in the Civil War for Oswego County infantry regiments, represent the attitudes and tragedies caused by the conflict. The collection also includes letters describing farm life in Wisconsin during the middle and late 19th century.
Located at State University of New York at Oswego.

Whitney, Henry B. Diary, 1862-1865
Whitney's Civil War diary concerns camp life; religion in the army; the participation of the 110th Regiment in the siege of Port Hudson, La., in 1863; and Whitney's service as a guard at Fort Jefferson, a prison for Confederates in the Dry Tortugas, Fla., 1864, including a description of the arrival of four civilian prisoners convicted of conspiring to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln: Samuel Arnold, Dr. Samuel Mudd, Michael O'Laughlin, and Edward Spangler. 3 v. 
Located at Duke University.

Woodall, Natalie Joy, Ph. D. Men of the 110th Regiment : Oswego's Own. Denver, Colorado: Outskirts Press, 2016.


Unit bibliography from the Army Heritage Center

Items in the museum collection are in bold.