107th Infantry Regiment
Nickname: Campbell Guards
Mustered in: August 13,1862
Mustered out: June 5,1865
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
July 18, 1862, Gen. Robert B. Van Valkenburgh was authorized, as Colonel, to recruit this regiment in the counties of Chemung, Schuyler and Steuben; it was organized at Elmira, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years August 13, 1862. On December 9, 1863, Companies B, C, I and K of the 145th Infantry were transferred to the regiment. The men not entitled to be mustered out with the regiment were, June 5, 1865, transferred to the 60th Infantry.
The companies were recruited principally: A, B, C, D and E at Elmira; F at Addison, Cameron and Campbell; G at Elmira, Bath and Hammondsport; H at Havana and Elmira; I at Corning, Wayland and West Union; and K at Hornellsville, Howard, Elmira and Canisteo.
The regiment left the State August 13, 1862; served in Whipple's Division, Defenses of Washington, D. C., from August, 1862; in 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September 12, 1862; in 2d Brigade, same division and corps, from August, 1863; in same brigade and division, 20th Corps, Army of the Cumberland, from April, 1864; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Nirom M. Crane, June 5, 1865, near Washington, D. C.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 2 officers, 50 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 36 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 131 enlisted men; total, 4 officers, 217 enlisted men; aggregate, 221; of whom 3 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
One Hundred and Seventh Infantry.—Cols., Robert B. Van Val-kenburgh, Alexander S. Diven, Nirom M. Crane; Lieut.-Cols., Alexander S. Diven, Gabriel L. Smith, Newton T. Colby, William F. Fox, Lathrop Baldwin, Allen S. Sill; Majs., Gabriel L. Smith, Newton T. Colby, William F. Fox, Lathrop Baldwin, Allen S. Sill, Charles J. Fox. This regiment, known as the Campbell Guards, was recruited in the counties of Chemung, Schuyler and Steuben, rendezvoused at Elmira, and was there mustered into the U. S. service for three years, Aug. 13, 1862. It was a fine regiment, noted for its efficiency and discipline, the first regiment from the North organized under the second call, and the first to arrive at Washington, in acknowledgment of which it received a banner from the state and a personal visit from the president. It was raised by two patriotic Members' of the legislature, Robert: B. Van Valkenburg, and Alexander S. Diven, who became colonel and lieutenant-colonel, respectively. It left the state on Aug. 13, 1862; was stationed in the defenses of Washington for a month; was then assigned to the 1st division (Williams), 12th corps (Mansfield), and fought its first battle at Antietam, where it was heavily engaged, losing 63 in killed, wounded and missing. The veteran Gen. Mansfield fell, mortally wounded at Antietam, and Gen. Henry W. Slocum succeeded to the command of the corps. The regiment was again heavily engaged at the disastrous battle of Chancellorsville, where the brunt of the fighting fell on the 3d and 12th corps, and lost in this action 83 killed, wounded and missing, among the killed being Capt. Nathaniel E. Rutter. The regiment was only slightly en-gaged at Gettysburg, and after the battle joined with its corps in pursuit of Lee into Virginia, engaging without loss at Jones' cross-roads and near Williamsport, Md. In September it was ordered with the corps to Tennessee to reinforce Rosecrans, and was stationed along the railroad from Murfreesboro to Bridgeport. In April, 1864, the 12th corps was changed to the 20th, but Williams' division retained its red star. On Dec. 9, 1863, four cos. of the 145th were transferred to the 107th, and in May the regiment moved on the Atlanta campaign. It fought at Resaca, Cassville, and Dallas, and lost 26 killed and 141 wounded at New Hope Church. From June 9 to July 2 it was engaged about Kennesaw mountain; fought at Peachtree creek and took part in the siege of Atlanta; moved in November on Sherman's march to the sea; then took part in the final campaign of the. Carolinas, being engaged at Rock-ingham, Fayetteville, Averasborp (where it lost 46 killed, wounded and missing), Bentonville, .Raleigh and Bennett's house. It was mustered out near Washington, D. C., under Col. Crane, June 5, 1865, having lost during its term of service 4 officers and 87 enlisted men, killed and died of wounds; 131 enlisted men died of disease, accidents, in prison, etc., total deaths, 222.