95th Infantry Regiment

Nickname: Warren Rifles; Third Regiment, Eagle Brigade

Mustered in: November 1861 to March 1862
Mustered out: July 16, 1865

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912. 

This regiment, Col. George H. Biddle, was organized at New York City March 6, 1862, by forming eight companies of the men enlisted, under Colonel Biddle, for the Warren Rifles, and two companies, I and K, of those enlisted under Col. J. P. Jenkins, for the 3d Regiment, Eagle Brigade (A, D and E—I; B, C and H — K). The men were mustered in the service of the United States for three years between November, 1861, and March, 1862. Company F was mustered out November 6, 1864. At the expiration of its term of enlistment, about March 25, 1865, the men entitled thereto were mustered out and the regiment retained in service, but consolidated into five companies, A, D, E, H and I, Companies B, C, G and K being transferred to the others.
The companies were recruited principally: A, B, C, D, G and H in New York city; E in Brooklyn and New York city; F at Haverstraw; I at Sing Sing; and K at Carmel, Peekskill, Sing Sing and White Plains.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.

Ninety-fifth Infantry.—Cols., George H. Biddle, Edward Pye, James Creney; Lieut.-Cols., James B. Post, James Creney, Robert W. Bard; Majs., Edward Pye, Robert W. Bard, Abram S. Gurnee, Henry M. Jennings, Samuel C. Timpson, George D. Knight. The 95th, the "Warren Rifles," recruited mainly in New York city and vicinity, was mustered into the U. S. service at New York, from Nov., 1861, to March, 1862, for three years. It left for Washington, March 18, was attached to Gen. Wadsworth's forces in the defenses there and later to the Department of the Rappahannock at Acquia creek. With the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 3d corps, it participated in the Virginia campaign, suffering a loss of 113 at Manassas and the engagements leading up to it. In September, the division was transferred to the 1st corps; was active at South mountain and Antietam, and during the autumn took part in the operations at Philomont, Union and Upperville, Va. At Fredericksburg it was not placed in an exposed position, and at Chancellorsville and during the remainder of the war it served with the 5th corps, which was hotly engaged at Gettysburg, the 95th losing 115 in killed, wounded and missing. It was present at Rappahannock Station in October and shared in the Mine Run campaign. At Brandy Station, the winter quarters of the division, most of the members of the 95th reenlisted, securing its continuance as a veteran regiment. It was constantly engaged during the campaign under Gen. Grant in the spring and summer of 1864, lost 174 men at the Wilderness, and day by day thereafter suffered depletion of its ranks. Col; Pye was mortally wounded at Cold Harbor. The regiment was active in different stations before Petersburg, at the Weldon railroad, Poplar Spring Church, Hatcher's run, in the Hicksford raid, and in the Appomattox campaign. It was mustered out at Washington, July 16, 1865, having lost 119 by death from wounds and 136 from other causes, of whom 80 died in imprisonment.

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Other Resources

This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Beauregard, G. T., et al. The Civil War Papers, 1836-1913 
14 v. 121 items.
Abstract: Letters (chiefly 1861-1865, some in German) of Union soldiers William Fieldhouse, 95th New York Infantry, George Müller, 33rd New Jersey Infantry, Charles Ried, 3rd New Jersey Infantry, and Benjamin R. Serven, Company K, 25th New Jersey Infantry; diaries of Isaac P. Brokaw, Company K, 30th New Jersey Infantry (1862-1865), D. Judson Cook, Company C, 27th New Jersey Infantry (1862-1863), John D. Polhemus (1837-1923), Company K, 30th New Jersey Infantry (1862-1863), Lewis C. Rappleyea, Company I, 1st New Jersey Cavalry (1864-1865), and Edward Sill, New York officer imprisoned at Macon, Ga., and Charleston, S.C. (1864-1865); reminiscences of Rev. Josiah J. Brown (completed 1885) and of Charles Crowell, both serving with New Jersey and New York regiments in Virginia campaigns; scrapbook (1911-1913) of Civil War remembrances, kept by James Madison Drake, historian of Army and Navy Medal of Honor Legion of the United States of America; miscellaneous papers of William D. Harned, 20th Pennsylvania Infantry (1865-1912), Theodore Pierson, Springfield enrollment officer for New Jersey militia in 1863 (1856-1882), and Jacob J. Van Riper, 6th New Jersey Infantry (1836-1863); and verse (1865) composed at Camp Parole, Annapolis, Md., by a New Hampshire poet. Also includes transcripts of letters and narratives (1861) concerning 1st Battle of Bull Run by Pierre G.T. Beauregard, James Chesnut, Jr., and Jefferson Davis; receipt books (1864) listing volunteers mustered from Newark, N.J., by Army recruiting agent David Collins; discharge certificates (1863-1865) issued by 9th New Jersey Infantry, commanded by Col. Gilliam Van Houten; clothing account book (1863-1864) of Veteran Reserve Corps; and record book (1885-1887) kept by Gen John Charles Black, U.S. commissioner of pensions, of applications of New Jersey Civil War veterans or their widows for pensions.
Located at the New Jersey Historical Society (Newark, N.J.).

Freitag, Conrad. Capture of a Rebel Brigade at Gettysburg July 1st 1863 by the 6th Wis, 95th N.Y. and 14th N.Y.S.M.
Drawing on tan paper : brown ink, watercolor, and Chinese white ; 61.6 x 47.6 cm. (sheet).
Located at the Library of Congress. 
Online version is at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3g08110 [link opens new window].

Herdegen, Lance J. "For the Truth of History: July 1, 1863: the charge on the railroad cut." The Gettysburg Magazine 20 (1998), 81-88.

Hofmann, John William, 1824-1902. Remarks on the battle of Gettysburg : Operations on the right of the First corps, Army of the Potomac. First day of the fight. Philadelphia: A.W. Auner, printer, 1880.

McCowan, Archibald. The prisoners of war, a reminiscence of the rebellion. New York: Abbey press [1901].

McLean, James L. Cutler's Brigade at Gettysburg. Baltimore, Md. Butternut and Blue, 1987.

Post, James B. Civil War Miscellaneous Collection 
(Enlisted man's letters, Apr 19, 1862-Feb 25, 1863) 
Located at the Military History Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Rice, James Clay, Erastus Corning and Horatio Seymour. James Clay Rice papers, 1862-1863.
Description:    2 items : Autograph letter signed
Abstract:    Letter, from Headquarters, 44th New York Volunteers, Centerville, to Honorable E. Corning: after 15 days march, weary, exhausted, hungry and barefoot, our corps reached the army of Pope, in this state we were put into a terrific battle in the extreme front, fought desperately- one half of our men and officers killed and wounded, battle badly managed by our generals, it was Bull Run no. 2 (1862 August 31, Autograph letter signed, 1 page); Letter, from Bealeton Station, Virginia, to His Excellency, Governor Horatio Seymour recommending Major Edward Pye for position of Colonel of the 95th N.Y. State Vols., the Reg't. belongs to the Brigade (1863 October 28, Autograph letter signed, 1 page).
Held by the Chicago History Museum.

Scheuer, Jeffrey. "'Blue Ghost' : The Civil War Letters of Alvah Kirk." New York History. 73 :2 April 1992. 169-192.

Sword, Wiley. "Pye's Sword at the Railroad Cut." Gettysburg: Historical Articles of Lasting Interest. 6 (January 1, 1992) pp 29-32.

Waud, Alfred R. Old R.R. cutting where Archers Brigade of A.P. Hills Division was captured by the 14th Brooklyn 6th Wisconsin and 95th N.Y.
Drawing on olive paper : pencil and Chinese white ; 12.7 x 30.6 cm. (sheet).
Located at the Library of Congress. 
Online version is at http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3g02917


Unit bibliography from the Army Heritage Center

Items in the museum collection are in bold.