94th Infantry Regiment

Nickname: Bell Rifles; Bell Jefferson Rifles; Sackett's Harbor Regiment

Mustered in: March 10, 1862
Mustered out: July 18, 1865

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

W. B. Camp received authority in October, 1861, as Colonel, to recruit a regiment of infantry. He was succeeded, November 4, 1861, by Gen. John J. Viele. This regiment was organized at Sackett's Harbor January 6, 1862, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years, March 10, 1862, with Henry K. Viele as Colonel. March17, 1863, the regiment was consolidated into five companies, A, B, C, D and E, and received the 105th Infantry as its Companies F, G, H, I and K. August 10, 1864, about 100 men of the 97th Infantry were transferred to it. At the expiration of its term of enlistment the men entitled thereto were discharged, and the regiment retained in service.
The companies were recruited in Jefferson county, and the regiment left the State March 18, 1862; it served in General Wadsworth's command, Military District of Washington, from March, 1862; in 1st Brigade, 2d Division, Department of Rappahannock, from May, 1862; in same brigade and division, 3d Corps, Army of Virginia, from June 26, 1862; in same brigade and division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, from September 12, 1862; in 1st Brigade, same division and corps, from December, 1862; as Provost Guard, Army of the Potomac, from May, 1863; in 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 1st Corps, Army of the Potomac, again from June, 1863; in the District of Annapolis, Md., 8th Corps, from December, 1863; in the 3d Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from May 26, 1864; in the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 5th Corps, from May 30, 1864; in the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 5th Corps, from June, 1864; in the 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 5th Corps, from June 11, 1864; in the 3d Brigade, same division and corps, from November, 1864; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, commanded by Col. Adrian R. Root, July 18, 1865, near Washington, D. C.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 3 officers, 72 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 39 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, I officer, 138 enlisted men; total, 5 officers, 249 enlisted men; aggregate, 254; of whom 37 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II. 

Ninety-fourth Infantry.—Cols., Henry K. Viele, Adrian R. Root; Lieut.-Cols., Colvin Littlefield, John A. Kress, Samuel Moffatt; Majs., William R. Hanford, John A. Kress, D. C. Tomlinson, Sam-uel S. Moffatt, John A. McMahon, Henry P. Fish, Byron Parsons. The 94th, the "Bell Rifles." recruited in Jefferson county, was mustered into the U. S. service at Sacket's Harbor, March 10, 1862, and left the state for Washington on the 18th. It served in the defenses of Washington under Gen. Wadsworth, was assigned to the 1st brigade, 2nd division, Department of the Rappahannock in May, and to the 3d corps, Army of Virginia, June 26, with which it participated in Gen. Pope's Virginia campaign, losing 147 in killed, wounded and missing. On Sept. 12, with the same brigade, and division, the regiment was attached to the 1st corps, was active at South mountain and Antietam, and in December at Fredericksburg. The winter was passed in camp near Falmouth and in March, 1863; the regiment was consolidated into a battalion of five companies, to which were added five companies of the l05th N. Y. infantry. The regiment served for a month as provost guard and in June, 1863, returned to the 1st corps with its old brigade and division, and suffered the heaviest loss of its service at Gettysburg-245 killed, wounded or missing. It shared in the Mine Run fiasco and in December was ordered to Annapolis, where it became a part of the 8th corps. During the winter a large number of its members reenlisted and the regiment continued in service as a veteran organization. In the Wilderness campaign it served with the 5th corps, being engaged at Cold Harbor, Totopotomy and White Oak swamp. It moved with the Army of the Potomac to Petersburg and was closely engaged at the Weldon railroad, losing 178 killed, wounded or missing. On Aug. 10, 1864, the regiment was joined by the veterans and recruits of the 97th N. Y. infantry and remained on duty before Petersburg until the end of the siege, after which it was active at Five Forks, and was present at Lee's surrender. The 94th was mustered out at Washington, July 18; 1865, having lost 116 by death from wounds and 138 from other causes, of whom 37 died in imprisonment. Maj. Fish was killed in action at Five Forks.


94th Regiment NY Volunteer Infantry | Camp Colors | Civil War

Printed wool camp colors in the US national pattern as prescribed in General Order No. 4, Headquarters of the U.S. Army, dated 18 January 1862. Theseā€¦

NYSMM Online Resources

Battles and Casualties from Phisterer (pdf)
Battles and Casualties from Phisterer (spreadsheet)

Muster Roll

Unit Roster

Historical Sketch

Civil War Newspaper Clippings
This is also available in PDF format. 
Pages 1 - 10
Pages 11-20
Pages 21 - 30 
Pages 31 - 38

Monument at Gettysburg

Search the Museum catalog for this unit

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Other Resources

This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

21st Regiment Veteran Association (Buffalo, N.Y.) . Records, 1885-1929.
Description:    2 volumes + 2 folders (approximately 40 items) (0. 3 linear ft.)
Abstract:    Includes meeting minutes, 4 May 1885-12 June 1914, and an account book, 19 May 1897-3 Dec. 1926. Account book contains a membership list updated to 30 Dec. 1923, and minutes, 16 May 1917-11 May 1920. Also, 2 folders of loose material, including a list of members of the 21st Regiment New York Volunteers buried in national cemeteries, Sept. 1888; letters regarding the deaths of veterans; a letter soliciting support of a monument in tribute to Philos G. Cook of the 94th Regiment; issue of The calendar (Buffalo Central High School), commemorating the 50th anniversary of the presentation of the battle flag to the 21st Regiment, 1911; some newsclippings; and other materials, 1888-1929.
Held by the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society.

Bishop, Steven E. Three generations of Jefferson County: Jewett family secured, preserved freedoms 2021.

Colman, Winfield Jesse. Two for the Union. New York: Marion Colman, MRS Printing, 2004. 63 p. : ill., map, ports., ; 22 cm.

Cook, Philos G. Military records, New York Infantry Regiment, 94th (1862-1865).
34 items. (0.1 linear ft.). Includes monthly attendance reports, requests for leave, death certificate, and widow's pension application.
Located at the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society.

Gombieski, Laura Jane. "Oliver Pendleton Clarke (1843-1917), 94th New York Veteran, Andersonville survivor, first caretaker of Grant Cottage." The proceedings of the 1988 New York State Military History Symposium : sponsored by Institute of American Military History, Gansevoort, New Yorkheld at the New York State Museum auditorium, Albany, New York, February 21, 1988. Gansevoort, NY: Institute of American Military History, [1988].

Haddock, John. Growth of a century: as illustrated in the History of Jefferson County. Philadelphia: Sherman & co., 1894.

Heath, H. The Lord's prayer. Petersburg, Virginia: s.n., 1864.
A commemorative card with the Lord's Prayer printed in miniature type within a circle with floral border; "H. Heath, artist" below circle. Additional decorations of an eagle and a fish. 
Located at the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society.

Hulbert, Charles E.  Charles E. Hulbert letters, 1862-1864.
Description:    1 : folder (6 items)
Abstract:    Six letters to his family members discussing the movements of his regiment in Virginia and family matters.
Held by The New-York Historical Society.

Huntington, Cyrus Thompson. Huntington family papers, 1845-1886.
Description:    88 items.
Abstract:    The Huntington family papers are a collection of letters from the children of Cyrus Huntington of Watertown, New York, between 1845 and 1886. The collection contains 7 Civil War era letters, written by Hiram Huntington of Co. G of the 94th New York Regiment, in which he discussed his experiences in Washington and Virginia and expressed his opinions on the state of the war.
Held by the William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan.

Lane, David F. "Col. Camp and the 94th." Bulletin of the Jefferson county Historical Society. V4 N13.

Moffett, S. A. Letter: Danville Military Prison, To Col. A.R. Root, Annapolis, 1863 Jan. 25. 1863.
1 item.
Discusses prisoner exchanges and prison conditions.
Located at the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society.

Murray, R.L. New Yorkers in the Civil War. Wolcott, N.Y. Benedum Books, v. 3 c2004.

The proceedings of the 1988 New York State Military History Symposium : sponsored by Institute of American Military History, Gansevoort, New York held at the New York State Museum auditorium, Albany, New York, February 21, 1988. Gansevoort, NY: Institute of American Military History, [1988]

Parsons, Byron, 1836-1935. Byron Parsons diary and lists of soldiers, 1864-1865.
Description:    3 items.
Abstract:    Two volume diary (1864 January 1-1865 October 14) kept by Parsons while serving with the 94th New York Infantry Regiment, Union army, concerning the movement of troops from New York to Virginia; the Siege of Petersburg; life as a prisoner of war at Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia, and at Salisbury, North Carolina, and Danville, Virginia; and the exchange of prisoners. Also includes a list of federal soldiers captured at Reams' Station, Virginia; a partial list of officers confined at Libby Prison in 1864; and a list of noncommissioned officers and privates in the 94th New York Infantry Regiment.
Held by the Library of Congress.

Root, Adrian R. Letters : to his mother, 1860 Oct. 4-1871 July 26.
16 folders (164 items) (0.5 linear ft.).
Letters describe camp life, marches, battles, and his increasing dissatisfaction with the conduct of the war. Also, letters written while on a trip to California, Apr.-July 1871, with stops in Utah, Nevada, and Wyoming. 
Located at the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society.

Root, Adrian. General Order (May 21, 1863).
1 item.
Collection Call Number: 12183.
A photocopy of Colonel Root's farewell address to his troops while encamped near White Oak Chapel, Virginia. This document was issued as General Order No. 36. 
Located at the New York State Library Manuscripts and Special Collections.

Sanderson, Harold I. Whispers from the past : a source book of Civil War veterans' personal histories. Watertown, N.Y. Minuteman Press, 1992.

Taber, Lemuel Moore. Letter, 2 May 1864.
2 pages.
Letter, 2 May 1864, from Lemuel M. Taber (b. 1844) of Company A, 94th New York Infantry Regiment, to James discussing his return to his company after being gone because of wounds received. Taber discusses problems he is having with his leg.
Accession 50667. Located at the Library of Virginia in Richmond, Virginia.
Thank you to Ed Worman for pointing out this resource.

Watertown Times. David Cobb's Story: A Florence Man's suffering during the War.
Transcription provided by Heather Jordan.
Includes images of Cobb.

Webb, William. Letter, 11 August 1864.
4 pages.
Letter, 11 August 1864, from William Webb of Company C, 94th New York Infantry, in front of Petersburg, Virginia, to his friend James, detailing picket duty and camp life in the trenches of Petersburg, discussing his plans to leave the army when his enlistment is up and the number of soldiers left in his company, and asking for news.
Accession 50672. Located at the Library of Virginia in Richmond, Virginia.
Thank you to Ed Worman for pointing out this resource.

Wilkeson, Samuel, et al. Civil War collection. 1861-1865.
5 boxes. (2.5 linear ft.). 
Muster rolls, histories, diaries and other official and personal papers concerning various New York regiments and naval operations, including the 3d, 20th, 21st, 49th, 94th, 100th, 116th and 179th Infantry; 11th and 12th Cavalry; 1st Light Artillery (Wiedrich's Battery), 12th Light Artillery, 27th Light Artillery (Eaton's Battery), and 16th Heavy Artillery, as well as some non-New York military units. Also included are passes used by Samuel Wilkeson for reporting for the New York Tribune, 1861; personal letters, 1840-1882; Confederate muster rolls and other records; documentation of war dead, particularly from Orleans County, N.Y.; muster and descriptive rolls of Erie County; W.T. Anderson collection of Civil War autographs, communications and maps; reminiscences by Madison Buell and W.W. Potter, M.D.; and other materials, including autographs, emblems, soldiers' ballots and excerpts from diaries and letters of Elizabeth Knowles. 
Located at the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society.

Williams, Watkin. Prisoner of war record of Watkin Williams, 1865.
Description:    1 ; item (4 pages)
Abstract:    Form filled in for Watkin Williams, Company D, 94th New York Volunteers, who was captured at Weldon Railroad, near Petersburg, Va. on Aug. 19th, 1864, and imprisoned at Libby, Belle Isle and Salisbury Confederate prisons.
Held by the New-York Historical Society.

Worman, Edward. 94th NY Infantry casualties at Weldon Rail Road, Virginia, on August 19, 1864. 2015.
22 pages


Unit bibliography from the Army Heritage Center

Items in the museum collection are in bold.