89th Infantry Regiment (Veteran)
Nickname: Dickinson Guard
Mustered in: December 4, 1861
Mustered out: August 3, 1865
The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
The Hon. J. S. Dickinson received authority, August 29, 1861, to recruit a regiment of infantry; this regiment was organized, under Col. Harrison S. Fairchild and Lieut-Col. J. C. Robie, at Elmira November 26, 1861, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years December 4, 5 and 6, 1861. At the expiration of its term of enlistment those entitled thereto were mustered out, and the regiment retained in service.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Havana; B and H at Binghamton; C at Mount Morris; D at Rochester; E at Norwich and Oxford; F at Whitney's Point; G at Windsor; I at Delhi; and K at Corbettsville.
The regiment left the State December 6, 1861; served in the Provisional Brigade, Casey's Division, Army of the Potomac, from December, 1861; with General Burnside's Expeditionary Corps in North Carolina from January, 1862; in 4th Brigade, at Roanoke, N. C., from May, 1862; in 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 9th Corps, from July, 1862; in Suffolk, Department of Virginia, from April, 1863; in Alford's Brigade, Getty's Division, 7th Corps, Department of Virginia, from May, 1863; in same brigade, 2d Division, 18th Corps, in North Carolina, from July, 1863.; in same brigade, Vogdes' Division, 10th Corps, on Folly and Little Folly Islands, S. C., from October, 1863; in 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 10th Corps, Army of the James, from April, 1864; in the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 18th Corps, from May 30, 1864; in the 3d Brigade, 2d Division, 18th Corps, from: June 24, 1864; in the 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 24th Corps, from December, 1864; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 24th Corps, from May, 1865; in the 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 24th Corps, from June, 1865; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, August 3, 1865, commanded by Capt. Henry H. Epps, at Richmond, Va.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 4 officers, 49 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 52 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 158 enlisted men; total, 7 officers, 259 enlisted men; aggregate, 266; of whom 13 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.
The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.
Eighty-ninth Infantry.—Col., Harrison S. Fairchild; Lieut.-Cpls., Jacob C. Robie, Nathan Coryell, Theophilus L. England, Wellington M. Lewis, Henry C. Roome; Majs., Daniel T. Everts, Wellington M. Lewis, Henry C. Roome, Frank ; W. Tremain, Jeremiah Remington. The 89th, called the Dickinson Guard, and composed of companies from Havana, Binghamton, Mount Morris, Rochester, Norwich, Oxford, Whitney's Point, Delhi and Corbettsville, was mustered into the U. S. service at Elmira, Dec. 4 to 6, 1861, for three years. It left the state for Washington, Dec. 6, was stationed for a few weeks in the defenses of the capital in the provisional brigade, Casey's division, and in Jan., 1862, became a part of Burnside's expeditionary corps, with which it embarked for Roan-oke, N. C. In July, 1862, the regiment returned from Roanoke and with the 1st brigade, 3d division, 9th corps, participated in the Maryland campaign. It was active at South mountain, and at An-tietam lost 103 in killed, wounded and missing. It participated in the battle of Fredericksburg, went into winter quarters near Fal-mouth, and in April, 1863, was transferred to the Department of Virginia at Suffolk, where it was attached in May, to Alford's brigade, Getty's division, 7th corps. It was active during the siege of Suffolk and remained in that vicinity until July, when it was transferred to the 18th corps, proceeded to North Carolina, where it was assigned to the l0th corps and stationed at Folly island, S. C. The regiment was present at the siege of Fort Wagner and the following operations in Charleston harbor and returned to Virginia early in 1864. A large number of the men reenlisted and the veteran regiment became a part of the l0th corps, which was present . during May, 1864, at Swift creek, Proctor's creek, Drewry's bluff and Bermuda Hundred. At the end of that month the 89th was assigned to the 1st brigade, 2nd division, 18th corps and served in that corps until December. It lost heavily in the opening assault on Petersburg, where Lieut.-Col. England was killed, and also lost 139 in killed, wounded and missing at Fair Oaks in October. In December, the command was transferred to the 2nd division, 24th corps, with which it remained until the end of the war, sharing in the final assault on Petersburg and the pursuit of Lee's army to Appomattox. Maj. Tremain was mortally wounded April 2, 1865, in the assault on Petersburg. The 89th was mustered put at Richmond, Aug. 3, 1865, having lost during its term of service, 107 by death from wounds and 159 from other causes.