23rd Cavalry Regiment

Nickname: Mix Cavalry, Second Regiment

Left the State: May 1863
Mustered out: July 22, 1865

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

October 27, 1862, Col. J. H. Mix received authority from the War Department to raise, with the consent of the State government, a regiment of cavalry in this State. The organization of the regiment was, however, not completed, and but two companies were recruited. These were mustered in the service of the United States for three years between January and May, 1863, and were recruited principally: A at Lancaster, Tonawanda, Aurora, LeRoy, Golden, Pavilion, Bethany, Newstead and Cheektowaga; and B at New York city.

These companies left the State in May, 1863; served in the Department of North Carolina (18th Corps), mostly attached to the I2th N. Y. Volunteer Cavalry, and were mustered out and honorably discharged, July 22, 1865, at Raleigh, N. C.

They lost in the service by death, of disease and other causes, fourteen enlisted men; of whom five enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume II: New York, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908.

Twenty-third Cavalry.—This organization was never completed. Two companies were recruited from New York city, Lancaster, Tonawanda, Aurora, Leroy, Colden, Pavilion, Bethany, Newstead, and Chicktawauga [sic: Cheektowaga]. Under command of Capts. Emory Cummings and Alfred Spann respectively, they were mustered into the U. S. service between January and May, 1863. for three years, and left for the Department of North Carolina, 22nd corps, where they were attached to the 12th N. Y. cavalry, and were mustered out at Raleigh, N. C, July 22, 1865. They lost 14 enlisted by disease, accident and other causes. The organization was known as the "Mix Cavalry."

NYSMM Online Resources

Battles and Casualties from Phisterer (pdf)
Battles and Casualties from Phisterer (spreadsheet)

Unit Roster

Other Resources

This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.


Items the museum holds are in bold.