13th Artillery Regiment (Heavy)

Mustered in by companies: August 4,1863 to June 11,1864.
Men whose service would expire before October 1, 1865, mustered out: June 28, 1865. 
Remaining men transferred to the 6th regiment of artillery.

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

Colonel Wm. A. Howard received authority, May 11, 1863, to organize this regiment in New York city. July 29, 1863, men enlisted for the 11th Artillery (and not assigned to companies) were transferred to this; and October 14, 1863, the men enlisted for the 29th Infantry Volunteers, reorganizing, and the 36th Battery, not completed, were also assigned to this regiment, January 22, 1864, the men enlisted by Jesse B. Lamb for the 14th Artillery were assigned to this regiment. The companies were mustered in the service of the United States for three years: at Staten Island A, B and C August 12 and 29 and September 11, 1863, respectively; at Elmira D August 4, 1863; at Fort Schuyler E March 10, 1864, F in February, 1864, G and H March 14 and 18, 1864, respectively; at New York city I November 10, 1863; at Riker's island K February 21, 1864; at Norfolk, Va., L June 11, 1864, and M in December, 1863. There were, however, quite a number of one year's men in the regiment.

The companies were recruited principally: A at New York city, Albany, Buffalo and Watertown; B at New York city, Buffalo, Salamanca, Seneca and Watertown; C at New York city, Albany, Ellicottsville, Farmersville, Perrysburg and Watertown; D at Wells-ville, Cuba, Rushford, Candor, Elmira, Belfast and Greenwood; E at Schenectady, Ephratah, Providence, Clifton Park, Galway, Oppenheim, Amsterdam, Saratoga, Ballston, Johnstown, New Albion, Glenville, Waterford,, Randolph, Albany and Tompkins; F at Ballston, Charlton, Florida, Charleston, Broadalbin, Stillwater, Milton, Clifton Park, Palatine, Root, Malta, Johnstown, Cherry Creek, Waterford, Halfmoon, Providence and Duanesburgh; G and H at Caledonia, Pamelia, Paris, Starkey, Utica, Johnstown, Potsdam, Chateaugay, Malone, Mayfield, Belmont, Pinckney, Fairfield, Danube, Mexico, Con-stantia, Mooers and Syracuse; (Company H was originally intended for the 14th N. Y. Volunteer Artillery); I at New York city, Albany, Buffalo, Mamaroneck and Watertown; K at New York city; L at New York city and Buffalo; and M at New York city, Brook-lyn, Buffalo, Ballston, Broadalbin, Goshen, Halfmoon, Hanover, Johnstown, Pittstown, Plainfield and Waterford.

The regiment left the State in detachments, the 1st Battalion, Companies A, B, C and D, leaving October 5, 1863; it served as infantry and heavy artillery in the Departments of the East, until it left the State; and of Virginia and North Carolina; the 1st and 2d Battalions in the defenses of Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va., and Newbern, N. C.; the 3d Battalion as a coastguard on board vessels of war along the Atlantic coast. Company C served at Fort Hamilton, New York harbor, from September 12, 1863, to October 5, 1863; Companies A and H as siege artillery in the 3d Division, 18th Corps, Army of the James, from May, 1864, at, and in the forces for the defense of, Bermuda Hundred, Va., from January; 1865; Companies I, K, L and M in the Naval Brigade, Army of the James, from July, 1864.

June 28, 1865, Companies I, K, L and M, and the men of the other companies, whose term of service would expire before October I, 1865, were, under the command of Colonel Howard, honorably discharged and mustered out, the companies named at Norfolk, Va.; the men remaining in service were transferred, June 27, 1865, those of Company E to Companies B, C and G; of F to Companies A, C and D; and of H to Companies A and B, leaving in existence five companies, A, B, C, D and G, which were, July 18, 1865, transferred to the 6th N. Y. Volunteer Artillery, second organization, as Companies H, I, K, L and M, respectively.

The regiment lost in the service by death, killed in action, 1 officer, 2 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 3 officers, 144 enlisted men; total, 4 officer, 148 enlisted men; aggregate, 152.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 -- records of the regiments in the Union army -- cyclopedia of battles -- memoirs of commanders and soldiers, Volume II: New York, Maryland, West Virginia and Ohio. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908.

Thirteenth Artillery (Heavy).—Col., William A. Howard; Lieut.-Col., James J. Walsh; Majs., Oliver Wetmore, Jr., Ferdinand R. Hassler, Robert W. McLaughlin. This regiment was recruited from the state at large and organized at New York city, the various companies being mustered into the U. S. service for three years as follows: A, B and C at Staten island on Aug. 12 and 29, and Sept. 11, 1863; D at Elmira on Aug. 4, 1863; E, F, G and H at Fort Schuyler in Feb. and March, 1864; I at New York city, Nov. 10, 1863; K at Riker's island, Feb. 21, 1864; L at Norfolk, Va., June 11, 1864; and M in Dec. 1863. The men enlisted by Maj. H. B. Williams for the nth N. Y. artillery were transferred to this regiment on July 29, 1863, as were also the men enlisted for the 29th N. Y. veteran infantry, and the members of the incomplete 36th independent N. Y. battery, in October. The regiment left the state by detachments, the 1st battalion, Cos. A, B, C and D, leaving on Oct. 5, 1863, and with the 2nd battalion garrisoned the defenses of Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va., and New Berne, N. C. From May, 1864, Cos. A and H served as siege artillery in the 3d division, i8th corps, Army of the James, forming part of the forces for the defense of Bermuda Hundred. The 3d battalion of the regiment, under command of Maj. Robert W. McLaughlin, consisting of Cos. I, K, L and M, and numbering about 500 men, after serving as a coast-guard on board vessels of war along the Atlantic coast, formed the celebrated naval brigade. Army of the James, from July, 1864. The battalion was made up of sailors enlisted for service on the light-draft gunboats built by Norman Wiard to penetrate otherwise inaccessible places. Portions of the regiment took part in engagements in the operations against Petersburg and Richmond; Swift creek, N. C; Day's Point, Va.; Fort Fisher, N. C; and the fall of Petersburg. Its losses during service were 3 killed and 12 wounded, 2 of the latter mortally; 3 officers and 144 men died of disease and other causes; total, 152. The only officer killed was Capt. John A. Gordon, who lost his life in the action at Swift creek. Cos. I, K, L and M, and the men of the other companies whose terms would expire Oct. i, 1865, were mustered out, under Col. Howard, June 28, 1865; those remaining in service were consolidated into a battalion of five companies and transferred to the 6th N. Y. artillery. Lieut. J. L. De Peyster raised the first flag over Richmond when the city surrendered in 1865.

NYSMM Online Resources

Battles and Casualties from Phisterer (pdf)
Battles and Casualties from Phisterer (spreadsheet)

Muster Roll

Unit Roster

Search the Museum catalog for this unit

Click Here

Other Resources

Further Reading

This is meant to be a comprehensive list. If, however, you know of a resource that is not listed below, please send an email to ng.ny.nyarng.list.historians@army.mil with the name of the resource and where it is located. This can include photographs, letters, articles and other non-book materials. Also, if you have any materials in your possession that you would like to donate, the museum is always looking for items specific to New York's military heritage. Thank you.

Dawson, Henry Barton. The colors of the United States first raised over the Capitol of the Confederate states, April 3, 1865. Morrisania, 1866.

Howell, David. The David Howell collection, 1861-1865.
Abstract: Contains the following type of materials: correspondence. 
Contains information pertaining to the following military units: 14th Indiana Infantry Regiment, 13th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment, 1st New York Engineer Regiment, 90th New York Infantry Regiment.
General description of the collection: David Howell collection includes typescript letters of four Civil War soldiers, each collection fairly small.
1 Box
Located at the US Army Military Heritage Institute in Carlisle, PA.

Ryder, Richard H. The village color-bearer, together with a story of a U.S. life-saving service keeper, by Capt. Richard H. Ryder. Brooklyn: George S. Patton, 1891.
" Names of those who enlisted from Canarsie," 81— 5. Mustered in 87th infantry, October 15, 1861; transferred to 40th infantry, September 6, 1862; mustered out, June 5, 1863; mustered in 13th artillery, July 16, 1863; transferred to 6th artillery, July 18, 1865; mustered out, August 24, 1865.

Wallace, William Miller. "The battle of Shiloh." Journal of the Military Service Instituition of the United States XXVI (1900) 14-25.

Watkins, Frederick H. III (editor). Civil War Letters and 1863 Diary of Major Frederick W. Watkins, et.al. 2014. 193 pages.


Items the museum holds are in bold.