8th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment's Civil War Newspaper Clippings
LETTER FROM BALTIMORE.
FORT FEDERAL HILL,
Baltimore, May 1st, 1863.
MR. EDITOR.—May day with us is bright fresh and balmy. Winter's desolation have at last yielded to the genial influence of spring, and the suspended animations of winter, inspired by the breath and smile everywhere gives signs of life. By thousands of soldiers, who have spent the long dreary winter but poorly sheltered from its blasts and storms, the spring is hailed with an unwonted enthusiasm. Poor fellows, many of them are greeting their last May day. This month, mild, genial and balmy as it will be, will ever be remembered as the most bloody in the annals of our nation. Dupont is to renew the attack on Charleston; Hooker with at least sixty thousand men is said to be between Lee's army and Richmond; Grant's whole army are moving toward the foe; Banks is continuing his victorious march; Burnside is about to fight again, and when he fights blood must flow.
It seems that the great decisive battles are to be fought in this month. Who can rise to a conception of the magnitude of the issue suspended in the scales of war. Who can properly estimate the fearfulness of the crisis. Vast armies enured to war, and comparatively well disciplined [sic], armed with most destructive weapons, and moved by desperation are rushing to the shock of battle, to decide finally the question of man's capability of self government.
Every Christian should prostrate himself before God and plead with him to forgive our nation’s sins, and to go before our hosts and give them the victory.
I would that we were in the van. It is exceedingly trying to be kept here far from the scene of glorious strife. Every man in this regiment would greet with vociferous cheers an order to move to the front. But we are here by command of the “powers that be,” and not by our own seeking.
Our duty is important, and we try to faithfully perform it. Four companies, C. D. F. and H., are at Fort McHenry. Company A is here at Fort Marshall.
Three detachments are guarding bridges. One detachment is about to leave for Cincinnati as a guard over convalescents left by Burnside. The regiment will probably not be together soon. There is but little sickness among us, none that is regarded serious.
The Union Mass Meeting, held April 23d, under the auspices of the Union Leagues of Maryland, was the most enthusiastic Union demonstration I ever witnessed. The expressions of Gov. Bradford and Secretary Blair, would have been hissed by a New York audience, but were most heartily cheered by at least five thousand Marylanders. There are no Copperheads here.
The union men of the south are decided. They do not profess to love the union and support the government, and at the same time oppose the administration. No class of men will reap such a bitter harvest of indignation as the copperheads of the north.—The flat-headed, slimy reptiles had better burough [sic] so deep as never again to crawl to the surface, for throughout the army there is a conviction that they have lengthened the war, and multiplied its victims. You will hear from soldiers only expressions of determination to be revenged if ever they return. The 151st regiment is on the B. & O. R. R., most at Harper's Ferry. It is uncertain whether they return. There is but little doubt but that the 8th Artillery will remain here. We have an easy berth,—No privations, no hardships, only separation from home and loved ones there.
Letter from Chaplain De La Matyr.
FORT Federal HILL, BALTIMORE. MD.,
May 21st, 1863.
Eds. AMERICAN: The fact that many of your readers are interested in everything concerning the 8th N. Y. Artillery is my reason for writing. Our sphere of duty is not amid the thrilling scenes upon which all eyes are fixed, and we have no news of general interest to send you. Five companies of this Regt. are at Fort Mc Henry in command of Major Willets. Five companies remain at Fort Federal Hill. Companies A. and C. are at Mc Henry. Detachments are guarding three bridges which cross the Patapsco from three to six miles southwest from Federal Hill. A. detachment is also guarding Patterson Park Hospital.
The health of the regiment is better than at any time since we arrived, and the men are more contented and cheerful. We hold a public religious service,
a conference, a prayer and a bible class meeting each week. We have a flourishing division of the Sons of Temperance which meets weekly. I think the regiment is not degenerating morally [sic]. Last Sabbath several wives of officers attended our public service. They will continue to favor us with their presence which will exert a salutary influence. The probabilities still indicate that we shall remain here. The 151st is in Western Virginia. Captain Halleck is in command of the Camp here which has not been broken up, and it is possible that the regiment will return. Captain Potter remains in Camp in feeble health. It is doubtful whether he will soon be able to perform active service. He would be justified in resigning but his indomitable will does not succumb.
There is a strong and growing Union sentiment among the people of this State. The Union men are decided. I have never heard any of the "if's" and" but's" so common in New York. These border Union men do not support the Government and Union by denouncing the Administration, opposing the war and justifying the rebellion as Vallandigham, Seymour, Wood and company do. We were surprised that so shrewd a politician as Seymour should fully identify himself with Vallandigham as he has in his recent letter. It is well that the lines are being clearly drawn and that would be neutrals are being driven to array themselves for or against the government in this fearful crisis.
It is not surprising that copperheads fear the army, and that Seymour vetoed the bill designed to prevent the disfranchisement of New York soldiers. All opposers [sic] of the government North and South have reason to fear the Union army. Southern rebels will be subdued or annihilated by their arms and Northern sympathizers will be banished from political power by their votes.
The emancipation policy is rapidly gaining adherents among the leading men of this State. The American and Commercial Advertiser, the most able and reliable paper published in Baltimore takes strong ground in its favor.
Gov. Bradford is a decided and earnest emancipationist. The subject is being freely and frankly discussed and there is no doubt that the policy will very soon be adopted.
The patriotism of the North is about to endure its severest test in the execution of the conscription. We are confident that it will prove sufficient for the ordeal. The last hope of rebels is that it will waver before this trial.
Copperheads are doing all in their power to produce a state of public sentiment that will resist the conscription. If they fail and the North stands firm now, the end will begin. May God inspire the people with higher patriotism and firmer determination.
G. DE LA MATYR.
DEMOCRAT & AMERICAN.
THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 28. .
OUR ARMY CORRESPONDENCE.
A Visit to the 8th New York Heavy Artillery, Colonel Porter.
Barnum's Hotel, Baltimore, May 23.
The intimation thrown out by the New York press a few days since, that "every available soldier in and about Washington and Baltimore, would now soon be ordered to the frontier to make good the losses sustained by the Army of the Potomac, in the late battles on the Rappahannock and from other causes," has led many an anxious one to make a flying visit to the Monumental City or the city of Washington, as the case might be, where they chanced to have brothers, sons, or other relatives in the army, before they were ordered forward to the aid of Gen. Hooker.
‘ Twas thus with your correspondent, who had more than one personal friend and acquaintance in Col. Porter's regiment, now stationed at forts Federal Hill and McHenry, near Baltimore. This regiment was raised last August in the 29th Senatorial District of New York, and was then known as the 8th Heavy Artillery of New York, and is commanded by the Hon. Peter A. Porter, of Niagara Falls. He makes a fine appearance in uniform, and exhibits true military taste in all his movements. Every way a gentleman himself, Col. P. has sought to preserve and promote the respectability of every soldier in his command, and right well the boys appreciate the fact that they have a friend and a gentleman as well as a soldier for their commander. Col. Porter is proud of his officers and men, and well he may be, for a finer looking set of troops are not to be found.
Their general good health and entire contentment can best be judged of from the fact that when the regiment was mustered into service last August, it numbered 999 men, all told; to day it has 937, having lost but forty-two from the original number in nine months, and the present appearance of his troops is excellent. Some recruits of course, have joined the regiment to make good the place of some who, in the hurry to organize companies, were hardly fit for soldiers; their places, however, are now filled with well selected troops.
The Lieutenant-Colonel of the regiments is Willard W., son of Captain Bates, a well known farmer in the town of Kendall, Orleans county. Colonel Bates first enlisted as a private in the old 13th in Captain Smith's company, in Rochester, when Col. Quinby had charge of the regiment. This enterprising soldier, however, quick rose to the rank of first lieutenant, and served in that capacity and as Captain in General Martindale's Brigade, until they reached Harrison's Landing, when Colonel B. was wounded in the thigh and borne from the field of battle, when he last saw this brave young general at the head of his gallant brigade, which he had nobly led through all those trying scenes from Hanover Court House, where Gen. McClellan's and Gen. McDowell's pickets were less than seven miles apart, until the Army of the Potomac was ordered home to the defence of Washington. Young Bates is of fighting stock. His father held a captain's commission in the war of 1812, and although relying on his son Willard to manage his farm in his declining years, he freely gave him to his country when the Rebellion first broke out.
Your correspondent will never forget the expression of manly indignation exhibited by this officer at the idea that Gen. Martindale ever showed the white feather, or exhibited a want of firmness, courage or patience, whilst encountering the trials of the Peninsular campaign.
On the contrary, Col. B. speaks with manly pride of the many incidents of daring and skill on the part of his old commander--one in particular, where of the three hundred and eighty Union soldiers lost in one single encounter, three hundred and fifty were from Gen. Martindale's brigade, when that accomplished officer was in command, and by his strategy and the firmness of his troops successfully resisted the shock of a determined and desperate attempt of the enemy to break our line, by massing against it, at a given point, vastly superior numbers. 'Tis thus the faithful officer and true soldier, that acts well his part in the hour of trial, whether at the head of an entire army, or in command of an important division, or in the ranks, will always find among his intelligent companions in arms faithful witnesses of his courage whenever, wherever, or by whomsoever assailed. Col. Bates enlisted for two years, and his time was out last April, but he seems to have taken it for granted that he is to serve during the war, for whilst home on furlough as a wounded soldier he was designated as Lieut. Col. of the new regiment raised by Col. Porter last August, and has never yet thought of inquiring whether his two years were out or not. Here is a witness competent to give a sound opinion as to the courage and fighting qualities of a General under whom he had the honor and the pleasure to serve amid the most trying scenes of this war.
James M. Willet, Esq., of Batavia, and late District Attorney of Genesee county, is Major of this regiment. He is now on detached duty at Fort McHenry, with about one-half of the regiment, and is Judge Advocate of the various Courts Martial held at this time-honored place. There is one in session there now of which Col. Porter is the President. Major Willett is a fine looking officer and is very popular with all who know him. Being a well read lawyer, and having moreover some recent experience in the criminal courts, he is peculiarly qualified for the important position he occupies in these military tribunals. A rebel spy is now under sentence to be hanged on Friday next, and nothing will save his neck but executive clemency. The execution is to take place at Fort McHenry, where there are some regular soldiers, and, as we have before said, about one-half of Col. Porter's regiment, with two or three companies of volunteers from other regiments.
E. L. Blake, Esq., is Adjutant of the regiment and a fine spirited young officer he is. He was a banker in Lockport, but cheerfully volunteered to bear a part in this new regiment, and makes a fine appearance on parade.
About one-half of these troops are at Fort Federal Hill, a new fort within the very city, erected more particularly, as it would seem to a stranger, to keep the peace in Baltimore, as the guns of this fort command every part of that beautiful city. 'Tis on an eminence, and the plot of ground enclosed is perfectly dry and shaded in the center by trees that were in full bloom when this delightful spot was selected for the drilling of troops. A hydrant fount within the square, adds much to the comfort of the soldiers, as an abundant supply of fresh water runs there night and day.
All the defences of Baltimore are more especially under the control of Gen. Morris, a veteran and fine looking soldier, who has held a commission for forty years, and a graduate at West point, who if asked if he had any troops to spare, would probably answer no, as those he has on hand are all now thoroughly organized for the work they have to do at this important point. Still it is easy to see the training of these troops here for the last nine months has prepared this regiment for usefulness elsewhere. They are drilled for infantry as well as artillery service. The troops look hearty and well, cheerful, contented and hopeful.
The personal acquaintance of your correspondent lay more particularly with the young men form the towns of Byron and Bergen, Genessee county, and belonging to Company I, commanded by Capt. Gardner, a fine officer and a member of the court martial in session at that place.
First Lieut. of this company--Mr. M. N. Cook, of South Byron--is a fine looking officer, and has charge of the hospital guard at Patterson park, an important institution where convalescent troops are sent from various hospitals, and drilled according to their returning strength, until they are able to join their several regiments. If a soldier takes a relapse, as is frequently the case, he is placed immediately within one of the wards at this institution, where every care is paid to his comfort--the rooms being neat, whitewashed, ornamented with colored paper and everything which the eye rests upon, pleasant. Every comfort is furnished here in abundance. A dozen of cows belonging to the establishment furnish fresh milk and butter. The Park being situated on the east side of Baltimore, the view from it in every direction is delightful, and the soldier who cannot fully recover his health and spirits here, must be broken down indeed. The hospital at this place is a new institution, but the Park from which it takes its name, is called after the Patterson family, some way connected with the Bonepartes. A cavalry regiment that quartered here during the first few months of the was, spoiled its beauty to some extent, yet the ground is elevated, furnishing a fine view of the bay and the city in one direction, and the adjacent country in the other. Lieut. Cook had about seventy soldiers on guard, several hundred convalescents being constantly on hand--some coming in and others being sent off to their respective regiments, wherever they may be, as soon as they are pronounced fit for fatigue duty. This is a very popular institution, and is in some way connected with the Ladies Relief Society, and acting in concert with it.
The Second Lieutenant, Mr. Stafford, a fine appearing officer, with a kind heart, has charge of Co. I for the time being, as Captain, and the most perfect good will seems to exist between him and the boys in the ranks. Although we had the pleasure of meeting both Capt. Gardner and Lieut. Cook at their quarters at Fort Federal Hill, where Co. I now is, and was pleased to hear them both speak of the general good conduct of their men, we saw more of this company on parade, under Lieut. Stafford, than any other officer, and the pride with which the boys step into line and handle their muskets, show that their officers have not neglected their duty, and proves that men may carry hearts in their bosoms and still be good disciplinarians.
We must be pardoned for dwelling a little in detail here, for we recognize among our personal acquaintances in this company, many a farmer's son who threw down the cradle, the scythe, the rake, or pitchfork, last harvest, and shouldered the musket when the cry for aid was heard throughout the Loyal States. The affection with which these young men cling to each other and the respect they bear toward their officers, from the highest to the lowest, proves that the finer feelings of our nature may be cultivated in camp life. And as nothing but a feeling of the loftiest patriotism, and a sense of duty to his country, could lead a gentleman of wealth, leisure and refinement to place himself at the head of a regiment, to share the common fate of a soldier in a war like this, so nothing but the same patriotic impulses could have inspired those young men who have left their homes to follow their officers to the perils and glories of the field. Somewhat acclimated as these troops now are, accustomed to the diet of a soldier, well and thoroughly drilled and equipped, led by competent and enthusiastic officers, this regiment would soon learn to play a successful part in an active campaign.
The officers and soldiers here are so much absorbed about local matters that they manifest less concern about the affairs of the nation than they did before they left home. I do not mean that they are indifferent as to the fate of the nation, or of the general army. But the true soldier quickly learns to do what he has on hand and to do that well, and the severe drilling both of artillery and infantry, battalion drill, and target practice, keeps them all pretty busy, and as the officers seldom talk politics, so the soldiers soon forget that they belonged to this party or that, but all go in for the Stars and Stripes, and cheer for the red, White and Blue.
A Looker On.
From the 8th Heavy.
BALTIMORE, June, 1863.
Friend H.:—Nothing of importance has transpired since my last letter. The usual daily routine of soldier duties is our portion. We have guard duty to perfom [sic] every other day. Guard duty here is divided into three sections or departments, the interior, exterior, and provost, each department having separate officers. When not on guard we have bayonet exercise before breakfast.—Artillery drill from 10 o'clock til 12 M., and battallion [sic] drill and dress parade in the afternoon; thus you see our time is quite fully occupied. At present Fort McHenry is garrisoned by five companies of the 8th and two companies of the 5th N. Y. Artillery, and one company of the 2d Regular Artillery. There is also here a battery of light artillery from Penn. The remaining four companies of the 8th are still garrisoning Federal Hill.
I frequently hear much dissatisfaction expressed by the "boys" at the fate that compels them to remain here in comparative inactivity while other regiments are sent to the front. They long to become active participants in the struggle that is to decide whether the American government is a rope of sand, or whether it is a consolidaded [sic] confederacy bound together by indissoluble ties capable of withstanding the shock of any storm it may encounter, and impregnable, alike, against the assaults of the foreign invader or the home traitor.
Yesterday I witnessed a soldier's funeral. The exercises appeared to me like solemn mockery. Eight privates with their arms reversed marched at the head of the procession, the band followed playing a dirge, and lastly the corpse placed in a plain coffin, covered with the stars and stripes, borne by four comrades. Arriving at the place of interment, after remarks were made by the Chaplain, three volleys were fired over the grave, and all that was mortal of the soldier deposited in the silent tomb, far away from home and friends. As I stood a silent spectator of the scene, I saw in imagination that soldier's home, the grief and sorrow, and silent tears that trickled down the cheeks of relatives and friends, who while they sorrowed that their once united and happy household should be broken, rejoiced that his life was given in defense of his country's imperilled [sic] honor.
The mail carrier has just arrived and the order to "fall in for letters!" is sounding through the camp. The boys crowd around the office, and it is interesting to watch their countenances as they await the distribution of the mail. Nothing affords the soldier more real pleasure than to receive letters and papers from friends at home. Potent is their influence. Nothing tends more directly to shield the soldier from the thousand temptations that environ him at every step, than to know that he is remembered, his course anxiously watched, and his hardships and self-denial appreciated by his friends at home. Let the friends of soldiers write them often, and long and interesting, cheerful letters. They will by so doing, lighten many burdens, revive pleasant memories, render hope strong amid all the perplexities, dangers and adverse fortunes he may be called to encounter. Very truly yours,
From the 8th N. Y. Artillery.
MARYLAND HEIGHTS, July 22d, 1863.
EDS. AMERICAN:—The 8th N. Y. Artillery left Baltimore the 10th of the present month and came to this place. When we arrived things looked desolate, as our forces had a short time before our arrival, evacuated the post and destroyed the works and munitions of war collected here. We have been very busy since our arrival in dragging Artillery and amunition [sic] up the mountain and placing them in position. At the time of our arrival here it seemed probable that Lee's army would attempt to pass through the valley on either side of us to cross the Potomac. The Rebels also held Harper's Ferry and were very annoying, as they kept up a continual fire on our pickets who were stationed along the river banks. As soon as a few guns could be got in position on the Heights we sent a few shell into the town, which caused them to skedaddle in double quick time. The 50th Engineer Rgt. were on hand and soon had a pontoon bridge across the river, and soon a whole division of Cavalry passed over to harass Lee's army on their retreat. We have had the pleasure of seeing the "grand army of the Potomac," as they encamped in the valley east of us a couple of days. These "heroes of a hundred battles," are not clothed in broadcloth and tinsel, but bear marks of active field service and though not always victorious, their late acts prove that when properly led they are invincible. During their close proximity to us I visited the camps of the different Corps and Divisions, and very often saw faces that were familiar. The 151st Regt. now belongs to the 3d Division 3d Army Corps, and of course we made a call on them. We found them under shelter tents and in camp cooking their supper, all tired, for they had a long march that day and it was very warm. They are browned by the Southern sun and look rather gaunt from long marches and d__ rations but as they have never been under fire we cannot speak of their courage. We have no fears of their finding it, however, when a chance offers, to move on the enemy. All have now gone over the river into Virginia to strike another blow at the rebellion. Our Col. Has been acting Brigadier General since our arrival here, and the command of the Regt. Has devolved on Lieut. Col. Bates who, like Col. Porter is a universal favorite with the men. In fact all our officers “can’t be beat.” We do not live in very grand style up here in our mountain home, as we have to tents but such as the men have provided for themselves out of old pieces of canvass they have picked up round deserted camps. Our living consists chiefly of crackers, bacon and coffee. Each man cooks his rations, and a pint cup is all the furniture many have, some have found old kettles and pans and get along very well, but our cooking utensils have not been brought up here. We have been promised some fresh beef in a day or two and also soft bread, but we have seen none as yet. However no one grumbles, but would suffer much hardship and privation if necessary in behalf of our common country. It is not supposed that our Regt. will remain long in this place as we will be needed in more important posts. The health of the Regt. is good as we have the best water here on the mountains but have to carry it a long distance up the hills. The mails begin to arrive regularly, and letters from home are welcome guests. We are now destined for active service and have cast aside our holiday equipments and should our service be needed in any capacity, we will be ready and willing to do our duty. Should we move, or anything of interest transpire I will inform you. It has been over a month since I have seen a copy of the American and would be happy to receive a copy occasionally. All letters for the Regiment should be directed to Baltimore, as they will be forwarded direct to us.
Yours, &c., A. P. W.
BATAVIA, N. Y.
TUESDAY MORNING, JULY 14, 1863.
BALTIMORE, July, 7, 1863.
FRIEND WAITE:—Yesterday was a lively day in this city, all available troops having been ordered to the front, but I am sorry to say our regiment was not fortunate enough to be among them, as it was found absolutely necessary to detain a small garrison here for each fort, and they have plenty of business on hand just now, in looking after the rebel prisoners captured in the late battles,--over four thousand having arrived at Fort McHenry during the past two days, besides many wagon loads of wounded.
The forts here, at present are garrisoned as follows: Fort Marshall by two companies of the 8th N. Y. Artillery, three companies of the 5th N. Y. Artillery, and two companies of the 69th N. Y. Militia, all under command of Col. Porter, of the 8th. Fort Federal Hill by two companies of the 8th N. Y. Artillery, and eight companies of the 69th Militia, under command of Lieut. Col. Bates of the 8th. Fort McHenry by five companies of the 8th, two companies of the 5th and company L, 2d U. S. Artillery.
A detachment of the 8th N. Y. Artillery, with a field howitzer, was ordered to Frederick yesterday. Company "F" 8th N. Y. Artillery, Capt. HAWKINS, has been for some time past at Harpers Ferry. On evacuating Maryland Heights a few days since, while destroying a quantity of ammunition, an explosion took place, in which Capt. Hawkins was severely injured, and his Orderly Sergeant DAVID TILLAH, and private Plout were instantly killed. This company is now with Gen. French.
You will observe by the above that our regiment is pretty well scattered, but the fact that other regiments, older than ours, doing duty with us are commanded by our officers, speaks well for the discipline and efficiency of our own.
Baltimore, during the past two weeks, has presented quite a lively appearance, hundreds of contrabands having been constantly employed, night and day, in throwing up entrenchments all around the city, and barricading all the principal streets and approaches. The forts, too, have been put in good condition. We mounted four 80 pounder rifled guns in this fort last week, and on the 4th July tested their qualities of firing at a target about one mile distant and succeeded in knocking a hole in it at the second shot.
We are all very anxious to go to the front, and Col. Porter has endeavored to get our regiment off, but the powers that be say no, so we are compelled to remain here for the present.
The regiment is enjoying excellent health at the present time.
LETTER FROM BALTIMORE.
FORT MCHENRY, Dec. 28th, 1863.
It has been some time since I have seen a communication in the columns of the AMERICAN from this regiment. You are aware, probably, that we are still stationed in this city, doing garrison duty. Sixteen months ago to-day, we marched into Fort Federal Hill from Camp Belger and commenced doing garrison duty here. All the companies of our regiment are stationed here at Fort McHenry now except Co.'s D and F, they are at Federal Hill. This entire garrison is composed of ten companies, viz.: Co. I, 2d artillery, U. S, Army; Co. D, 5th Artillery N. Y. Vols., and companies A, B, C, E, G,, H, I and K of the 8th Artillery N. Y. Vols. Col. Porter commands the post and Gen. Morris the brigade.
As a general thing the health of our regiment has been good ever since we came into the service, although we have had several cases of small pox this winter. Nearly all we have to do here is guard duty. We go on regularly once in three days. The other two days we have to ourselves with the exception of dress parade every afternoon at 4 P. M., and weekly and monthly inspection. We have good quarters and plenty of rations. We have three separate guards, each commanded by an officer detailed for that purpose. An officer, usually a Captain, is detailed each day to act as officer of the day. His duty is to give the officers of the guards their instructions and to visit each sentinel at least once after 12 o'clock to see that he is properly posted and instructed. The interior guard is usually commanded by the senior officer besides those who act as officers of the day. The members of the interior guard are posted in the sallyport, on the parapet, and before the quarters of the brigade commander.
There are now three prisoners confined here under sentence of death. One of them was sentenced to be shot and the other two to be hung. The exterior guard is posted around on the sea shore and across the peninsula at the entrance of the garrison. The provost guard has charge of the prisoners. It is usually commanded by a sergeant detailed for that purpose. There are several hundred prisoners here now both rebel and Union. Most of the Confederate prisoners are officers. Religious services are held every Sabbath morning at 11 A. M. at the chapel, the sermon being delivered by Mr. De LaMatyr or the post chaplain. We also have a division of the Sons of Temperance here in good working order.
We were very sorry to hear of the casualties in the 151st N. Y. in the late engagement at "Locust Grove." We cannot but acknowledge that we as a regiment have been peculiarly favored since we came into the service.--
We do not know how long we shall be kept here for the defense of Baltimore, but we are ready at any time to sling our knapsacks and shoulder our muskets and march to the field of carnage. The war news is unimportant just now, but the numerous victories which our armies have achieved during the past season prove to me beyond a doubt that the days of the so-called Confederate government are few.—It may be that they will make a show of resistance several months yet, but it is a self-evident fact that it will only be the last death throes of expiring treason. Our gallant army of the west under the command of Gen. Grant, has done a great deal towards the putting down of the rebellion. In my opinion, Gen. Grant has distinguished himself emphatically as the greatest military chieftain of the present war. He has already captured 90,000 prisoners and nearly 500 pieces of artillery.
It may be that many endearing family ties will have to be sundered and many precious lives sacrificed before we shall again enjoy the blessings of peace, but be that as it may, we know no peace but that which is purchased by the sword, and we shall accept of no compromises except unconditional surrender. As I gaze by the eye of faith into the dim and misty recesses of the future, I think I see a time coming when the Angel of Peace shall again return and spread her maternal wings over the whole of our glorious country from the rocky, mountain cliffs of Oregon to the sunny shores of Florida. The time is coming when the star-spangled banner, will again float in all its original grandeur and beauty over every town and hamlet from one extremity of the Union to the other. That long cherished institution, American Slavery, is destined to an ignominious death on the altar of American liberty before the consummation of this war.
Search the history of mankind from the earliest dawn down through the lapse of ages to the present time, and among all its recorded proofs of inhumanity and barbarism you will fail to find a system of oppression more disgraceful and unworthy the character of a free and civilized people than the institution of American Slavery. The ____ of military necessity is fast wearing the grave clothes which will soon cover the remains of the death doomed institution. Taking a wide range of vision, we cannot but look upon this war as an agent in the hands of the Omnipotent Ruler to purge us of our National sins, and to demonstrate the great and immutable truth that man is eminently capable of governing himself. No more at present.
8th Artillery, N. Y. Vols.
NIAGARA FALLS GAZETTE.
WEDNESDAY MORNING, APR. 27, 1864.
LOCAL AND VICINITY NEWS.
The Baltimore Fair—8th Artillery.
We are indebted to Capt. H. H. Sheldon, 8th N. Y. Artillery, for a copy of the Baltimore American giving an account of the inaugural ceremonies of the Baltimore Fair. As one reads the account, and the speeches delivered on the occasion, he naturally reverts to the scenes there enacted just three years ago. What a change! Then brave Massachusetts soldiers hurrying to the defence of the Capital against armed treason, were mobbed and killed in the streets of Baltimore—now even negro regiments are cheered and praised when marching through these same streets to fight against this same accursed rebellion. Then Prisident [sic] Lincoln's life wouldn't have been worth a straw had he appeared there in public—now he is welcomed with the greatest enthusiasm. The people of Baltimore have seen and have learned a valuable lesson from passing events, and have protfied [sic] therefrom—would to God that the whole South might have as good opportunities and learn to profit as well!
Our own 8th Artillery seems to have taken a conspicuous part in the parade. Col. Porter had command of the 2d Brigade, the 8th being under command of Lieut. Col. Bates. Co. C.—the Engineer Corps of the Regt.—took the lead with the splendid cornet band and drum corps of the Regt. We copy a portion of the American's account:—
Eighth New York Artillery—Col Porter, who raised and commands this noble regiment, being in command of the Brigade, the command devolved upon Lt. Col. Bates. There were eleven companies in line, and they mustered about one thousand muskets. The Eighth was followed by Battery H, of the 3d Pennsylvania, under the command of Capt. Rand, the force consisting of 150 men, and six ten-pounder Parrotts, each drawn by six horses. The left of the column was composed of four platoons of the First Maryland Eastern Shore Veterans, whose appearance on parade elicited many favorable remarks. When the line reached Broadway, with the right resting at the intersection of Monument street, the grand review took place, the General Commanding the Department with his Staff riding up and down the line, after which the several commands passed in review before him, the bands playing, according to an old day custom, "See, the Conquering Hero Comes."
During the entire line of march, which was not less than three miles in length, the troops were not only repeatedly cheered at the intersection of streets, but from the windows of many residences ladies crowded all the available space, waved their handkerchiefs, and displayed the National banters of the Union. When the right of the column reached Broadway, the entire space from Monument street to Eastern avenue was filled with people, and in some instances, the military were absolutely compelled to yield a little to the crowds. This was not in strict accordance with military discipline, yet, considering the circumstances, no one could justly complain, the vast crowds evincing such an intense curiosity to see the various military commands.
After the review, which must have been witnessed by at least thirty thousand persons, the regiments, under the charge of their respective commanders, left Broadway for their headquarters. General Wallace expressed gratification with what he had seen. It was the subject of general remark that the 8th regiment of New York Artillery come up very near to the standard of Regulars. They have been stationed in and near Baltimore nearly one year, and made their first dress parade yesterday.
Letter from Serg't Knowles.
We publish the following extract from a letter written by Sergt, W. Knowles, of Co. A., 8th N. Y., to his wile, now in this village:
IN THE WOODS, ONE MILE FROM
May 20th, 1864.
I must address a few lines to you this afternoon to let you know that I am still alive and well, but some of our poor boys are not so. I will give you some particulars of yesterday's battle. At five o'clock we were drawn up in line of battle, and ordered forward.—Then our trial commenced. We advanced up a hill, and then descended to a piece of woods and commenced on the rebs. For an hour it was hard telling how it would turn; but we advanced still further and entered the woods, and there the lead flew like hail, It was now dark, but we did not stop for that, although we fell back a little. Forming in line again, we charged with a yell, which drove the rebels out of the woods across an open field into their breastworks. It being` now midnight, we fell back to the woods again and laid down to rest. But do not imagine, my dear wife, that all this was done without the loss of life, when such a shower was hurled against us. The saddest part is yet to be told. The first one to fall in our company was John Furner, who was shot through the head and fell dead. Corporal Danforth was wounded in both legs, one of which I think will have to be amputated. Captain Starr and Edgar Miller where also wounded. E. T. Faesel was hit in the head, and carried to the rear, but died soon after. Other companies have lost some. Our regiment performed their part well. I was standing near Captain Starr when he was struck. Lieut. Green then took command of our company. Our officers did well and took things very cool. We are in the 2d battalion, under command of Major Spaulding.
About two in the morning we got re-enforcements, and our regiment moved a little to the right, taking a strong position, as we expected to go in again this morning. We slept a little, but was very cold, having thrown away all unnecessary clothing. Well, we were awakened by a cannon from our side shelling the woods, to see where the enemy were, but none could be found. We threw out skirmishers and found they had crossed the Po river, four miles away. We saw many poor fellows lying dead upon the ground. We took a number of prisoners among which was one wounded Reb, who said that he had shot at Colonel Porter three times; and that he (the Rebel) could have died happy if he had only killed him. He had been a prisoner at Fort McHenry and knew the Colonel.
LATER FROM THE 8th ARTILL'RY
Also from the 164th.
List of Killed, Wounded & Missing.
COLD HARBOR BATTLE-FIELD,
June 4, 1864.
DEAR SIR: It is my duty to inform, through your paper, our many friends in Niagara county of the dreadful slaughter in our regiment.
We reached this place by a "flank movement" from Prospect Hill on the morning of the 2d inst. We took position in a line of rifle-pits about half a mile from the rebel works before us.
Our line of rifle-pits occupied by our forces extended about midway between us and the rebel lines on our right. We lay in our position until 5 o'clock, A. M., when we were ordered to charge the rebel lines. Our brave boys sprang over their breastworks, and at double-quick, with good lines, steadily proceeded over the long space between us and the enemy's lines.
I shall attempt no detailed account of the charge, but suffice it to say that we were repulsed with heavy loss.
Colonel Porter is missing, and reported killed; but as long as there is a doubt there is hope.
Major Willet is wounded in the right shoulder. Capt. Hawkins shot in the right breast; a severe wound.
But I think my company lost most.—Lieut. Low has a flesh wound in right thigh. Lieutenant Nichols slight wound in right arm. *Lieut. Brown received four severe wounds, and owing to the rebel fire, could not be got off the ground till near midnight, when he was just alive. Lieut. Pitcher, light arm badly wounded, and ball through right leg.
Sergt. Robb, dangerously wounded head; do Fellows, severely do, leg; do, Peterson, missing; do Cornell, do; Corp'l Saddleson, do; do Taylor d o ; do Root, do; do Furman, severely wounded, leg; do Fuller, do do; do Harwood, do do; do Jondson, dangerously, breast; do Gifford, severely, arm and leg; do G. H. Fellows, slight, foot; Private Ball, severely, foot; do L. H. Bennett, severely, side; do Billings, slight, leg; do Barnes, dangerous, breast; do Blake, severely, shoulder; do Christigan, severely, 3 wounds; do N Coe, severely, arm; do E Coe, slight, band; do B Coe, severely, leg; do G Drake, dangerous, head; do W Dutton, severely, leg; do W H Gleason, severely, arm; do W Harwood, slight, leg; do J Howell, severe, hip; do H Johnson, severe arm; do F Knenger, severe, head; do A Mahon, dangerous, chest; do A Mehwaldt, slight, leg; do T Meyers, dangerous, side; do A McCoy, do do; do J Nafe, slight, head; do W S Pike, severe, leg; do W Rogers, do do; do R Russell, do do; do C Sherman, do do; do M L Swift, do d o ; do C U Thornton, slight, hand; do W Thompson, do do; do do E Van, severe, leg; do A Warden, slight; do J Walker, severe, l e g ; do S White, do, hip; do H L Weston, dangerous [sic], body; do A Stein, missing; do J Brewer, do; do J Bowman, do; do A Bishop, do; do G W Day, do; do W Elton, do; do D S Howe, do; do W Hall, do; do W Ireland, do; do G W Johnson, dead; do J Jacobs, missing; do A Lapworth, do; do J Layland, do; do F E Morrison, do; do C Mehwaldt, do; do G Maynard, do; do W Praker, do; do L G Pettit, do; do C C Romer, do; do B J Rose, do; do M W. Stiles, do; do J Senn, do; do J Starrow, do; do W Vanduser, do; do W Watson, d o ; do E Wilcox, dead; do J Walden, missing.
All whose names do not appear in the above list are safe.
The field where the most of the men fell is within from one to twenty rods of the rebel lines and covered by their guns, and it was under cover of the night that our men succeeded in getting off any of the wounded, and once on being discovered by the rebels they opened a furious fire of musketry and canister upon us which continued for half an hour. During this fire Capt. Gardner, Co. I, was killed, and Lieut. Cook, wounded.
Some of the missing may be safe, but I greatly fear nearly all are killed.
They were only too brave, and charged into a fire that older regiments could not be forced into. My men melted away around me, till, with the exception of the Adjutant of our battalion [sic], who was wounded, but bravely struggling on, not a man was standing within the length of the lines of my company.
I cannot speak of the other companies, but the loss in killed, wounded and missing is between 500 and 600 in the Regiment.
All night we toiled stealing our wounded from the field. I cannot express the sadness of the few of us who escaped harm, and left to tell the dreadful tale.
J. B. BAKER,
Captain 8th N. Y. V. A.
* Since died.
On the Battle Field at Cold Harbor,
Near Gaines Mill, Va., June 4.
J. R. ST. JOHN:—It is with a sad heart I send you these few lines, to inform you of the battle of yesterday, and to give you the names of the wounded and missing in our company. Our whole line of battle advanced and charged the enemy's works at 4 1/2 o'clock. a. m. We drove in their skirmishers, and advanced on them, in their works, their musketry and Artillery doing fearful work among us all the while. We fought them for three hours. After driving them about a mile we stopped and threw up a new line of works, being under their fire, and supported by our Batteries, sharp-shooters, and skirmishers we continued to work in this manner all day until 9 o'clock p. m., when the enemy made a charge on us in our entrenchments but they were repulsed handsomely, with great loss and suffering no loss on our part. They repeated the charge and were again driven back in confusion. In this charge we captured several prisoners. Everything is quiet along the lines except now and then a little firing between the pickets. We do not know of any of the men of our company being killed, as we have not been able to get our dead off the field yet. I must tell you of a brave act of Corp. John Dunigan, who jumped over the enemy's breast-works and captured 2 prisoners, and took them to headquarters. Surely this is a bold adventure and should be rewarded. Col. McMahon is wounded and in the hands of the enemy. It is supposed Captain Moloney and Lt. Boyle are prisoners. The 8th New York Volunteer Heavy Artillery, under Col. Porter, on our right, suffered severely also. Colonel Porter is killed, Captain Hawkins mortally and Lt. Sully is severely wounded. This is all I can tell you at present. Our Regiment lost 175 men and 11 officers. The men fought splendidly and bravely.
Too much cannot be said in praise of Col. McMahon, who led up his Zouaves in line of battle in a manner that could not be surpassed, Capt. Moroney and Lt. Boyle also deserve the highest praise for their coolness and gallantry on this occasion, I hope they are safe. I got struck in the groin with a piece of Rail Road Iron which knocked me down, but it only stunned me for a little while, as I am all right, thank God.
Please tell my folks and I would like to have the names of the boys published in the Lockport papers so as their friends will know what has happened to them. Excuse writing as I am so fatigued I can hardly write. The following are the names of Co. C, who are wounded and missing:
Wounded—Sergt. M. J. Doolan, slightly, Corpl. D. Casey, in foot, privates, J. Ellard, both arms, J. Elliott, abdomen, P. Hyland, shoulder, D. McGrath, leg, J. Steele, in arm.
Missing—Capt. Moroney, Lt. Boyle, Sergt's Buckley and McGrath, Corpl's Williams, Connolly and Tracy, Privates, Bradley, Burnes, Byrne, Fox, Finnegan, Haggerty, Hart, Hickey, Kane, Gesmonaghaw, J. Meagher, T. Meagher, Madigan, McGee, McGuigan, McGrath, O'Neil, Roche, Roridan, Shine.
Farewell for the present, the enemy are coming upon us, we have got to go to work.
2d Lt. Co. B, 164th Regiment.
From the Times' lists of killed, wounded and died in hospitals, we take the following names, which have a local interest, being from Western New York Regiments:
CASUALTIES JUNE 3D.
8th New York Artillery—Andrew Vusber, D, abdomen; N Mobee, E, leg; A Hathaway, A, head; Lieut Baldwin, D, shoulder; E H Rich, L, head; G Metzlor, C, abdomen; A Salt, F, arm, E Bates, F, finger; C A Green, D, foot; A Gryan, L, head; G L Culp; W E Watson, B, thigh; B F McHenry, I, neck; G Cochrane, G, wrist; J Souerbbeck, A, foot; R E Benton, A, face; A G Green, B, wrist; J Dickson, F, hand; E H Noble, G, leg; N J Eaton, B, elbow; N Graham,B, hip; J D Birdsell, F, thigh; A C Tuttle, A, head; S Davis, A, shoulder; G S Ricks, A, chin; A K Dawson, I, leg; J Aglee, B, back; M Local, M, hand; W Kealer, M, shoulder; C M Goodman, I, toes; J Clark, G, shoulder; J S Flandrum, A, breast; D McMartin, I, toes; P Clarson, G, hip; C Miller, L, leg; G Rose, L, mouth; A McCormick, K, leg; E Owen, E, mouth; J Ryan, foot; R B Robinson, M, head; A Green, B, foot; A B Tompkins, C, side; C A Howland, I, back; D C Wickham, A, arm; Sergt C D Bean, thigh; Lt M S Totten, L, shoulder; M B Stevens, L, abdomen; Jas Donahue, E, head; Lieut R Glaco, F, head; F Barnes, F, leg; W Reagles, E, shoulder; P Meisig, B, back; J B Temple, A, leg; G Mann, A, mouth; A Gayland, C, Breast; G W Herrick, C, thigh; Sergt L Williams, arm; Columbus Bailey, B, leg; Geo Stewart, D, hand; A R Rect, hand; J French, K, leg; J R Perry, I, head; I R Hardwick, F, thigh.
108th—E Haywood, arm; G Lischer, A, arm.
111th—L Sherman, I, Shoulder.
104th J Quinlin, G, back; D Boyle, F, elbow: F Johnson, C, side and arm; Adjt Beatty, head; D Sullivan, H, foot; E Devine, F, breast.
86th—L Burgess, C, chest.
154th N. Y.—J Berrigen, F, knee.
21st N. Y. Cavalry.—C. Hart, mouth; M E Meyers, A, forearm.
4th N. Y. Artillery.—H Erchart, H, thighs; J Fleming, B, leg.
The following names from local regiments are included in the deaths in hospital, June 22d and 23d.
8th N. Y. Artillery.—Lt Col W W Bates, abdomen; J C Labin, C; J Carpenter, L; A Kendall, I, finger; Lieut Vandake, L, shoulder; Lieut M L Totten, L, shoulder; A Herstberg, E; Lieut G W Rector, F, side; C Geohner, L, leg; E Reed, L, back; D O Conner, L, groin; J F Bocker, C, hand; Sergt C C Richardson, F, thigh, Edward Peckham, F, thigh; C H Quade, F, foot; O
Drinkwalt, F, toe.
104th.—J Crimmins, H; J Croom, F, abdomen.
4th Heavy Artillery.—E S Pease, H, thumb; Dan Edwards, E, foot.
111th.—A P Colum, G; Capt J M Gottin, knee; H C Crocker, K, neck; G H Remington, B, back; S A Perkins, A, leg; C Perkins, C, arm; D Covett, hand; G F Reynolds, B, arm, stomach; Lieut Fred Parestall, back; S E Hope, B, hand.
126th—Geo Rose, D, leg; L Weaver, B, knee; S C Lott, B, foot; J P Yakey, I, shoulder; P Blaisdell, H, toe; Corp W Demorest, G, hip; Sergt Maj M H Hopper, thigh.
We publish the above list of deaths as it is given in the Times, though we hope and believe that there is a mistake in the Times' list, and many if not most of those published as died in hospital are merely casualties, especially where the nature of the wound is stated. It will be noticed that in the list of reported deaths mentioned above, is the name of Lieut. Col. W. W. Bates, of the 8th artillery, wounded in the abdomen. Col. Bates was from Kendall, Orleans county, and was one of the members of the old 13th. The regiment was recruited mainly from Orleans and Niagara counties. It has suffered heavily thus far in all the hard fighting during the spring and summer campaign. [ EDS. EXP.]
List of Casualties to June 3d.
The Herald publishes a long list of casualties in t h e various army corps up to June 3d. We find a large number from local regiments and parts of regiments which we copy below:
8TH HEAVY ARTILLERY.
Adison Kimball, arm; Chas Miller, C, abdomen; L Spender, C, abdomen; A Case. C, thigh; W Stoppliff, D, foot; Jesse A Olmstead, I, thigh; Frank Fellows, B, leg; E Coles, B, leg; Lieut. Jas. Low, B, thigh; O White, B, groin; M P Randall, I, arm; W Thompson, B, groin; F W Barnns, B, breast; J Hicks, H, breast; P Dodge, G, foot; Lieut T Mayberry, C, arm; L C Harwood, H, leg; W J Bennett, F, hand; W H Stanley, C, foot; W Wambold, C, head; F Boyd, E, neck; G Gordonier, M, foot; W H Joselyn, H, hand; A Ward, M, foot; S H Brown, H, thigh; C G Allen, G, shoulder; Lt F S Brown, killed;____ Thomas, H, shoulder; C E Hathaway, M, ankle; J Copp, M, forearm; W Burrows, D, shoulder; T Greenman, D, foot; W Brown, G, foot; James Carroll, M, leg; Sylvester Hoyt, I, thigh; W Hardy, A, eye; A Drinkwater, F, hand; J Crouth, M, forearm; Sergt P Weeks, E, hand; S Wells, C, side; H Rappalgc, E, leg; B E Cole, B, hand; H Clapp, M, hip; J Higgins, D, arm; C Sherman, B, forearm; N Noye, I, shoulder; H F Church, I, leg; O Blake, A, shoulder; B Burrows, B, shoulder; J H Moore, D, leg; Jas Leighbody, H, side, G Crampton, D, wrist; H Blood, I, hip; J Theodare, M, back; P H Shapt, E, heel; A Mahneit, B, thigh; H Billings, B, thigh; A Mabel, B, breast; James Hall, H, leg; W R Curtis, K, leg; Eugene C Fuller, H, thigh; T Krober, H, foot; W H Downing, D, foot; Corp G Chase, D, head; Chas Schetts, M, shoulder; E Tibbetts, H, arm; J P Cummings, E, head; J A Olmstead, F, thigh; F Brahma, K, forearm; W Perkins, I, head; T Topliff, I, foot; M Murphy, D, shoulder; George Follett, Company K, wrist; Lieut S Webster, D, face; C Delloe, K, thigh; Lieut A Chase, D, thigh; Lieut A Weiner, H, thigh; D Mills, E, shoulder; Lieut J N Robinson, H, arm; R Priest, C, head; Lieut D S Pitcher, B, forearm; J Warner, H, leg; P A Flaherty, A, shoulder; Lieut M N Cook, I, head; J E Young, I, groin; A. J. Halleck, K, thigh; E M Kline, I, hip; T Anthony, H, leg; N Canfield, F, foot; Daniel Fenner, H, ankle; E Vann, B, forearm; H Fordham, I, thigh; W Shaw, K, leg; G C Thompson, B, hand; W Torpy, A, arm; H Harding, C, arm; A Olds, F, hip; Lt A S Sully, F, knee; Stephen Judd, M, foot; D M Jones, M, foot; John Caselton, B, foot; E W Henderson, I, thigh; J H Curtis, I, thigh; A G McCoy, B, forearm and side ; N F Bowen, G, foot; D Lapphear, H, leg; W H Day, M, jaw; E F Smith, E, arm; John Davis, A, hip; Corp A W Hoag, K, forearm; R Aggas, K, thigh; C K Gilford, B, forearm; E Wilcox, B, abdomen; L N Blanchard, K, shoulder; W Strasburg, F, leg; Joseph Merritt, F, breast; H P Sterns, E, hip; S Gordon, F, heel; M Sutphen, F, leg; H Weeks, C, thumb; R Corcoran, C, head; A Reigle, F, finger; W Stringher, C, shoulder; Serg't H D Lathrop, F, arm; D Fenner, H, arm; J Vanaster, K, thigh; John Lesson, D, shoulder; M Gregory, D, breast; W Nichols, M, foot; R A Cochran, C, hand; P McCumber, C, forearm; W H Luther, C, l e g ; A M Travers, M, arm; S G Ridgeway, C, leg.
FOURTEENTH HEAVY ARTILLERY.
Lieut Bently, mortally, (since dead); Miron Bryan, I, left leg; Chas Brummell, I, left leg; Ant Frick, C, right thigh; Corp E Harlings, F, left arm; A Siegearst, C, left arm; Geo Hill, D, right arm; Serg't P Blake, L, left leg; F Laney, C, right thigh; F Delosh, C, left lung; J Cobert, L, right eye, slightly; Corp'l P O'Brien, C, left thigh; S Barney, I, right leg; Serg't Major M Sullivan, body; D P Barbour, K, left arm; D Barr, K, scalp; P Munch, F, right forearm; A Grant, A, left lung; Corp D Wardell, A, left leg; J H Green, E, right thigh; R F Talman, K, right arm; Serg't C H Lovell, D, right arm; W H Jones, C, left thigh; G W Elmore, A, right hand; A J Dupee, I, right foot; A Scovill, K, right elbow; J P Seasport, J, arm and thigh; A Brintwell, B, left arm; A Clark, K, head; Lorin Taintor, L, left leg; M B Collins, C, left hand; P L Dallas, I, left foot; A B Lewis, I, left hand; M Cunningham, I, left arm; C D Miller, I, right thigh; Wm Golden, H, foot; T P Grafford, I, wrist and thigh; Benj Chapman, L, body; Serg't Horace Bailey, D, body.
ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTH.
F Raubodon, K, hip; J Plunkett, G, arm; J Shepler, B, arm; Serg't Geo. Rice, I, face; J K P Taylor, A, shoulder; S J Robbins, A, arm Serg't C Frangott, I, buttocks.
140th—J Clark, I, wound not stated; Charles Alexander, E, C Sckuffoneher, K, mouth; J Roby, C.
104th—C. Brown, K, arm; D Bailey, F, arm; J Gassoy, F, foot; J Harlacher, C, thigh; P. Corcoran, H, foot; J Gallagher, G, arm; H Conrad, A, foot; R Gile, H, thigh.
4th Heavy Artillery.—H Marsden, G, hand; T Beatty, I, ankle.
148th.—Serg't M Sloughtenburg, C, arm; Thomas Rapaljc, B, fingers; John Parks, A, side.
94th—J H Burns, H, head; W H Davis, I, face; M Coughlin; H, knee; W Salisbury, A, hip.
9th Heavy Artillery.—A S Jones, E, back.
1st Artillery.—J O'Hara, arm.
Casualties in the 8th N. Y. Artillery.
We chronicle with a sad heart the casualities [sic] in the gallant 8th N. Y., copied from the Herald and from other sourses [sic]. L. C. Harwood, Co. B, reported wounded, was for a long time in the Journal office, and was there esteemed as a first rate compositor and a very worthy young man. We trust that "Lyman" may soon recover.
A. C. McCoy of the same company reported wounded in the fore arm and side, has since died. He is the only brother of W. H. McCoy of this village. Less than a year since Mr. McCoy followed his younger brother to the grave, who was a member of the 19th N. Y. Battery, and died in the hospital at Washington. Mr. McCoy received a telegram yesterday that his brother's body was at Alexander.
From the Herald's correspondence we take the following names of killed and wounded in the battles in Virginia:
8TH NEW YORK ARTILLERY.
W R Curtis, K, leg; Geo C Fuller, B, thigh; Fred Kerobe, B, foot; W H Denning, D, foot; Geo Chase, D, head; Chas Shefts, M, shoulder; Ed Tibbetts, H, arm; J R Biddleman, D, groin; D S Wisner, D, Head; Jesse A Olmsted, I, thigh; Addison Kimball, — arm; Charles Miller, C, abdomen; L Spencer, C, ____; Jas Hall, H, leg; C W Rodgers, F, leg; H L Smith, D, leg; A Sann, __, hand; A F Coleman, F, face; R E Storer, K, back; James Wrish, F, side; Andrew F Stamp, F, ankle; D Stewart, C, back; P. Cornell, K, groin; Benj, Myers, F, arm; F Hummell, C, side; Wm Hodge, C, foot; M A Coe, B, arm; L S Shaeffer, D, leg; E Sanderson, C, thigh; C Brut, C, hip; Wm Porh, F, leg; Wm Bonett, C, head, H L Weston, B, shoulder; T Boyd, E, ankle; W H Smith, ___, hand; Joseph Wilcox, D, both legs; Charles Jackson, B, arm; A Case, C, thigh; E Penoyer, D, foot; W H Jacobs, E, elbow; Frank Fellows, B, leg; E Coles, B, leg; Lieut Jas Lowe, B, thigh; O White, B, side; N P Randall, I, arm; W Thompson, B, groin; F W Barnes, B, breast; J. Hicks, H, breast; P Hodge, G, foot; T Mayberry, C, arm; L C Harwood, B, leg; W J Bender, F, hand; W H Stanley, C, foot; W Wambold, C, head; F Boyd, E, neck; G Gordonier, M, foot; W D Josleyn, H, hand; A Ward, M, foot; S H Brown, H, thigh; C G Allen, C, shoulder; C G Seymour, A, arm; And Long, B, hand; S M Berry, A, foot: Jas W Wood, H, ankle; Geo Thomas, H, shoulder; Lieut F S Brown, __, killed; Chas E Hathaway, M, killed; __ Thomas, H, shoulder; W Burroughs, D, shoulder; W Binn, G, foot; Theo Greenman, D, foot; Jas Carroll, N, leg; C E Wood, M, thigh; A Drinkwater, F, hand; W Hardy, A, Eye; J Crouth, M, arm; J M Bailey, F, arm; Serg P Week, E, hand; L Snell, C, side; H Rappleyea, E, Leg; E B Cole, B, Finger; H Clapp, M, hip; J Higgins, D, arm; C Sherman, B, forearm; M Noye, I, shoulder; H F Church, I, leg; C Blake, B, shoulder; B Burrows, B, shoulder; J H Moore, D, leg; Jas Leighbody, H, side; G Crampton, D, wrist; H Blond, I, hip; __ Theodore, M, back; P H Shaft, E, heel; A Mahwalt, H, thigh; H M Billings, B, thigh; A Mabor, B, breast; Jas Heal, H, leg; W R Curtis, K, thigh; T Krober, B, foot; W H Downing, D, foot; Corp D Chase, D, head; C. Schelts, M, shoulder; Edward Tibbett, H, arm; F Bahma, K, forearm; W Perkins, I, hand; T Topliff, I, foot; M Murphy, D, shoulder; G Follet, K, wrist; Lieut S Webster, D, face; C Delloe, K, thigh; Lieut A Chase, D, thigh; Lieut A Weiner, H, thigh; D Mills, E, shoulder; Lieut D S Pitcher, B, forearm; J Warner, H, leg; P A Flaherty, A, shoulder; Lieut M N Cook, I, head; J E Young, I, groin; A J Halleck, K thigh; E M Kline, I, hip; T Anthony, H, leg; N Carfield, F, foot; Dan Fenner, H, ankle; E Bann, B, forearm; H Fordham, I, thigh; W Shaw, K, leg; C Thornton, B, hand; W Torpy, A, leg; A Olds, F, hip; H Harding, C, arm; A S Sully, F, knee; Stephen Judd, M, foot; D M Jones, M, foot; John Castleton, B, foot; E W Henderson, I, thigh; J Curtis, I, thigh; A C McCoy, B, forearm and side; D. Jones, M, foot; D Lamphear, H, leg; W H Day, M, jaw; E F Smith, E, arm; John Davis, A, hip; J T Cummings, E, thigh; Corp. A W Hoag, K, forearm; R Agges, K, thigh; C K Gifford, B, forearm; E Wilcox, B, abdomen; L M Blanchard, K, shoulder; W Strasburg, F, leg; James Merritt, F, breast; H P Stevens, E, hip; S Gordon, F, heel; M Sutton, H, leg; H Weeks, C, thumb; R Corcoran, C, head; A Reighe, F, finger; W Shingler, C, shoulder; Serg’t H D Lathrop, F, arm; J VanAsten, K, thigh; John Leason, B, shoulder; M Gregory, D, breast; W Nichols, M, foot; R A Cochrane, C, head; T McCumber, C, forearm; W H Luther, C, leg; A M Travers, M, arm.
Second New York Mounted Rifles.
Thos. Avery, H, right arm; Geo B Weber, C, left arm; D F Cline, E, right sholder [sic]; J Horner, E, right arm and side; P McNemay, K, left sholder [sic]; Aarnn Seres, I, right arm; J Bunchell, F, left sholder [sic]; F Bbrooks, I, left side neck; T Howard, C, left hand; R Chichester, K, right sholder [sic]; Sergt Geo Woods, I, neck; Corpl C B Sullivan, I, left thigh; Lieut C W Flagler, C, left thigh; A A Preston, C, right knee; F P Humbert, D, (since dead); N L Knox, C, ankle; Daniel O'Connel, C, body; Patrick Drauh, C, thigh; David C, groin; J Fladd, C, scalp; J A Johnson, B, left elbow; A A Simmons, C, left thigh; Thos Haley, C, left arm; Corp C F Bates, C, left arm; Corp S Williams, C, left hand;— A Whitehead, F, thigh; J P Gibson, I, abdomen, J H Sieger, I, knee; Jas Cran___, L, right thigh; N J Campell, E, right hand; Geo Wart, G, body; W O Sprague, A left shoulder; Adjt. R L Hill, right forearm; Jas Whaley, D, right hip; Sergt J H Oswald, M, left hip; Nelson Cutterbach, L, hand; L Crowley, H, right leg; Corp __ Cummings, H, right leg; F J Brown, A, thigh; S Snow, M, right hand; F Beebe, L, left hand.
CASUALTIES IN THE LATE BATTLES.—The Union gives the following as the casualties in our Regiments of the 2d division 2d corps before Petersburg on June 21st, 22d and 23d.
108TH N. Y. —Lt. W. F. Dutton, D, back; J. Cadurey, G, leg; P. Haywood, arm; J. Lischer, A, arm.
8TH N. Y. ARTILLERY.--A. J. Drak, L, foot; E. F. Ives, L, foot; Geo. Stewart, D, head; A. D. Keet, D, hand; T. R. Hardwick, E, thigh; D. C. Wickham, D, arm; Serg't C. D. Beam, E, thigh; F. Gleesor, G, hip; A. Mc- Cormick, G, leg; Geo. Rose, L, side; W. M. Cones, H, shoulder; A. B. Tompkins, C, side; C. O. Howland, L, back; C. Miller, L; leg; Lt. Van Dake, L, shoulder; Lt. Totten, L; E. Reed, K, back; D. O'Connor, L, groin; W. Kaler, M, shoulder; M. Logan, M, hand; E. Owen, (colored) E, face; I. Ryan, C, foot; P. B. Robinson, M, head; A. Green, B, foot; I. Clark, G, shoulder; I. S. Flandrew, A, breast; D. McMartin, I, toes; I. Cochrane, G, wrist; I. Squirbock, A, foot; E. E. Burton, A, face; I. B. Temple, A, leg; J. Dickinson, F, hand; E. H. Noble, G, leg; N. J. Eaton, H, elbow; C. Graham; H, hip; I. D. Birdsell, F, thigh; H. C. Tuttle, A, head; Q. Davis, A, shoulder; C. S. Ricks, A, chin; A. Gayland, B, breast; I. Agle, B, back; Serg't L. Williams, G, arm;
Lt. G. W. Rector, F, leg; A. Hathaway, A, head; Lt. Baldwin, E, shoulder; S. Metzler, G, abdomen; D. McDermott, G, leg; A. Taft, G, arm; E. Bates, F, finger; C. A. Green, D, foot; Jas. Donaghue, E, head; Lt. I. R. Glass, F, head; F. Barnes, E, leg; A. Gryan, I, head; G. S. Kulp, K, hand; W. E. Watson, B, thigh; P. Mersey, A, back.
4TH N. Y. ARTILLERY.—H. Erchart, K, thigh; J. Fleming, B, leg.
21ST CAVALRY.—M. E. Meyers, A, forearm.
104TH N. Y.—I. Quinlan, G.
Some of these names may have been already published in the DEMOCRAT,
CASUALTIES IN THE LATE BATTLES.—The following are the casualties in our Regiments of the 2d division 2d corps before Petersburg on
June 21st, 22d, and 23.
8TH N. Y. ARTILLERY.—A. J. Drak, L, foot; E. F. Ives, L, foot; Geo. Stewart, D, head; A. D. Reet, D, hand; T. R. Hardwick, E, thigh; D. C. Wickham, D, arm; Serg't. C. D. Beam, E, thigh;F. Gleesor, G, hip; A. McCormick, G, leg; Geo. Rose, L, side; W. M. Cones, H, shoulder; A. B. Tompkins, C, side; C. O. Howland, L, back; C. Miller, L, leg; Lt. Van Dyke, L, shoulder; Lt. Totten, L; E. Reed, K, back; D. O'Connor, L, groin; W. Kaler, M, shoulder; M. Logan, M, hand; E. Owen, (colored) E, face; I. Ryan, C, foot: P. B. Robinson, M, head; A. Green, B, foot; I. Clark, G. shoulder; I. S. Flandrew, A, breast; D. McMartin, I, toes; I. Cochrane, G, wrist; I. Squirbock, A, foot; R. E. Burton, A, face; I. B. Temple, A, leg; J Dickinson, F, hand; E. H. Noble, G, leg; N. J. Eaton, H, elbow; C. Graham, H, hip; I. D. Birdsell, F, thigh; H. C. Tuttle, A, head; Q. Davis, A, shoulder; C. S. Ricks, A, chin; A. Gayland, B, breast; I, Agle, B, back; Serg't L. Williams, G, arm; Lt. G. W. Rector, F, leg; A. Hathaway, A, head; Lt. Baldwin, E, shoulder; S. Metzler, G, abdomen; D. McDermott, G, leg; A. Taft, G, arm; E. Bates, F, finger; C. A. Green, D, foot; Jas. Donaghue, E, head; Lt. L. E. Glass, F, head; F. Barnes, E, leg; A. Gryan, I, head; G. S. Kulp, K, hand; W. E. Watson, B, thigh; P. Mersey, A, back.
FROM THE 8th N. Y. ARTILLERY.
Correspondence of the Republican Advocate.
HEAD QUARTERS 8th N. Y. Art.,
Before Petersburg, Va., June 23, 1864.
FRIEND WAITE:--Knowing how anxious the friends of this Regiment at home are to learn of our casualties, I have prepared a list, which is nearly complete, from June 16th to June 23d. Quite a large per cent. of the wounded have since died, owing to the intense heat we are now suffering here, which not only operates badly upon the wounded, but men fall in the ranks every day and die from sheer exhaustion. We marched about five miles yesterday during the heat of the day, the dust flying so thick you could scarcely recognize the next man to you, and it is reported this morning that six of our men died from sunstroke. Thus we are rapidly dwindling away; out of the 1600 men we reported present six weeks ago, only 604 are reported for duty this morning. Of this number only 18 officers are left of the 65 that left Baltimore with us on the 15th of May. Several Companies have no officers at all.
Commissions for Col. W. W. Bates, Lt. Col. James M. Willett, and Major J. B. Baker were received here yesterday. Alas, Col. Bates commission did came too late; he did not live to see it. His loss to the Regiment is most severely felt. He was beloved by every man in the Regiment. A braver soldier never died for his country. He was too brave. No matter how great the danger he was always foremost, and his commands were always "come on boys, follow me," and not "go on."
The 2d Corps has been reorganized. The 2d Brigade was disbanded, and the 4th changed to the 2d.
As a great many letters are sent here that never reach the person intended for, I would suggest that friends writing to us address as follows:
Be particular to put on the Letter of the Company.
W. S. _____,
Co. ___ 82th N. Y. Art’y,
2d Brig., 2d Div., 2d Corps,
List of casualties of the 8th N. Y. Art'y before Petersburg, Va., from June 10t to June 23d, 1864:
Lieut. Col. W. W. Bates.
Maj. E L. Blake.
Lieut. W. P. Wright, C. G.
W. H. Taylor, S. Ashby, jr.
T. M. Nye, W. McGregor.
G. Sincel, D. Lacy,
M. V. Hudnot, C. Doring.
Serg't H. Duffey, G. W. Hlll,
Corp'l S. G. Barker, H. W. Morgan,
Corp'l H. A. Baker, W. Carooll,
M. Hemiston, L. Worden,
H. Fraldlng, H. Kolby.
C. Wearth, J. Sutherland.
J. Adams, C. Milzler.
J. Wise, H. L Van Dresser.
Corp'l L. A. Clark, L. Bevvins.
R. Ridgway, J. Deniston,
D. Caton, H. Allen.
H. Dunham, D. K. Austin,
R. Ingalsbe, Robert Catterson,
J. S. Carpenter, C. A. Rowland.
R. Wiley, E. D. Walker.
Capt. G. A. Hoyt, Company C, since dead.
Capt. S Conner, Company H.
1st Lieut. G. Wiard, Company H.
1st Lieut. G. W. Rector, Company F.
2d Lieut. R. Glass, Company F.
1st Lieut. J. Thomas, Company A.
1st Lieut. R. Baldwin, Company R.
1st Lieut. H. H. Van Dake, Company L.
2d Lieut. W. L. Totten, Company L.
2d Lieut. S. B. Densmore, Company A.
Capt. S. D. Ludden, missing, supposed to be prisoner.
Serg't D. C. Wickham, Corp'l G.H. Stone.
G. G. Thayer, Corp'l G. M. Wheeler,
J. Millne, Corp'l C. Pippany,
G. Mann, J. Flandue,
G. Rix, C. H. Clark,
O. D. Angle, J. Temple,
C. Bowers, E. Burton,
J. Lasher, A. Hathaway,
H. Tuthill, J. D. Spurbeck,
Perry Grovenor, missing.
Corp I J Nagle, W. Matson,
H. Mehwaldt, P. Messig,
A. Doolittle, Corp'l R. C. Harmon,
C. S. Wright, A. Wolstead.
1st Serg't W. Moore, J. Ryan,
Corp'l A. R. Holt, J. Sheehan,
Corp'l J. T. McNiel, L. Terrill,
R. Black, W. Thompson,
J. Burt, C. O. Whitney,
W. C. Elliot, A. B. Tompkins,
J. Morrison, J. Booher,
J McGern, J. Hawkins,
J. O'Brien, G. Myers.
Serg't W. P. Spaulding, S. Butlter,
Corp'l D. D. Moorehouse, E. B. Goodwin,
F. Hinchey, A. Green,
F. Hagadine, T. Burns,
O. Hall, C. A. Green,
R. McDonald, F. E. Smith,
J. Miller, G. Stewart.
Serg't C. T. Behan,
Corp'l T. Rardwick,
CorpM. I. Hertsberg,
Corp'l J Farley,
W. H. Regles,
B. F. Mosier,
S. S. Skinner,
E. M. Townsend,
J. P. Watson,
J. D. Birdsall,
M. Causley, (missing.)
Serg't C. C. Richardson,
Serg't E M.Peckham,
Corp'l J. Divon,
Corp'l C. H. Quate,
Serg't L. Williams, F. Gleason,
W. H. Smith,
J. W. Amlong,
L. Van Dyke,
J. G. Foster,
E. H. Noble,
J. L. Babcock,
P. Metler, (missing.)
Serg't L. Mather,
Corp'l W. Jones,
C. F. Foster,
Corp'l N. J. Eaton,
J. H. Weaver,
A. B. Brooks,
J. K. Brown,
Corp'l S. J. F. Folger,
Corp'l M. Wilcox,
Corp'l O. R. Bannister,
Corp I. Perry,
Serg't M. Van Antwerp,
W. H Gordon,
A. H.Van Antwerp,
E. W. Herrick,
E. S. Clark.
W. L. Farr,
F. G. Olmstead,
A. K. Damon,
B. F. McHenry.
M. H. Serk,
S. I. Stebens,
M. La Mont,
G. I. Gulp.
1st Serg't D. L. Fellows,
Corp'l H. Ferguson
Serg't E. H. Ewell,
Serg't.C. A. Whipple,
Corp'l J. A. Clark,
W. H. Walker,
G. W. Gould,
G. H. Goodnow,
E. H. Rich,
Corp'l G. W. Candall,
Corp'l E. Plumley,
B. P. Pierce,
M. B. Stevens.
H. C. Warner,
Serg't W. Fisk,
Corp'l A. P. Post,
M. Bathe, (missing,)
Yours, &c., "JACK."
COL. BENJAMIN F. DAVIS.
Col. Davis, who was killed in the gallant cavalry engagement on Monday, was a native of Mississippi, and was appointed a cadet at West Point from the state of Alabama in the year 1850. He graduated on the 30th of June, 1854. On the 1st of July, 1854, he was appointed brevet second lieutenant of 5th infantry, and on the 3d of March, 1855, was transferred to the 1st Dragoons, with the full rank.—He became distinguished in the conflict with Coyotero and Mogollon Apaches in New Mexico on the 27th of June, 1857, in which engagement he was wounded. On the 9th of January, 1860, he was promoted to a first lieutenancy, and, having remained loyal when his state went into rebellion, was, on the 30th of July, 1861 further promoted to a captaincy in the 1st dragoons, now 1st cavalry.
During the battle of Williamsburg, May 5, 1862, he was in command of a squadron of the 1st regular cavalry, and so distinguished himself that he was nominated for a brevet of lieutenant colonel for "distinguished services." This brevet was not confirmed. On the 6th of June, 1862, he was placed in command by General McClellan of the 8th regiment New York cavalry, and on the 15th of Sept. was breveted major (appointment confirmed) for his gallant withdrawal of the cavalry from Harper's Ferry on the surrender of that place on that day. During the last cavalry engagement he commanded a brigade under General Buford.
It is to be ardently hoped that the report of Colonel PETER A. PORTER being still alive may prove true. His death would be a heavy loss to the country, while it would carry personal grief to thousands of hearts.
EIGHTH ARTILLERY.—The 8th N. Y. Artillery, Col. Peter A. Porter, commanding, have left Fort Marshall, Baltimore, to which fort they were transferred from Fort Federal Hill on the arrival of the 7th N. Y. Regiment, for Harpers Ferry. The regiment is reported to be in fine condition, and very anxious for service in the field. The 8th Heavy Artillery.—A telegraphic dispatch in the Democrat says that the 8th N. Y. Heavy Artillery, Col. Ronten, commanding, passed through Washington on its way to the front yesterday. The men were in fine spirits. The 8th is from Niagara County.
PERSONAL.—Lieut. Col. Bates, Adjutant Blake and Lieut. Starr, of the 8th Artillery, Col. Porter's regiment, were in town last evening en route to Buffalo, on detailed service connected with the draft.
Lieut. Dobie, of the 89th N. Y. Volunteers (Col. Fairchild's regiment), is in the city. He is one of the three commissioned officers sent home from that regiment to take charge of drafted men. Lieut. D. says that Col. Fairchild is in excellent health and spirits.
CAPT. SHELDON.—The friends of Captain H. H. Sheldon, 8th N. Y. Artillery, will be glad to know, as we learn from an eye-witness, that he acted like a veteran hero in the terrible battle of the 3d inst., and came off with only a single wound in the hand—not sufficient to disable him.
THANKS.—Our thanks are due to Captain J. H. Holmes, 8th N. Y. Artillery for an official list of killed and wounded in his company. Several names occur not found in the previously reported lists, and we know the same may be said of the other companies—the reports in the newspapers have not been reliable. We would gladly publish a full official list if we had it. With the exception of Capt. Holmes' Company, the names we give elsewhere, are those we find in the newspaper reports.
Chaplain Delamatyr, of the 8th Art'y, reached home on Friday last, having been granted a brief furlough to enable him to attend the probate of Col. Porter's will to which he was a subscribing witness.
On Monday evening, by request, he spoke in Bordwell's Hall, to an audience which filled every inch of space, giving the history of the 8th from the time it left Baltimore, May 15th, to July 4th, the day he left.—Not having been in attendance, we are unable to give a resume of the address, and can only present the following statement of the losses of the regiment, which he has kindly furnished us:
Killed—13 officers; 160 men.
Wounded—25 officers; 584 men.
Missing—1 officer; 65 men.
Total casualties, 848; present for duty July 4th, 650 men.
DEATH OF LT. SWAN.—It was with regret that we heard of the death of Lt. Henry R. Swan, eldest son of the late General L. B. Swan. He was a lieutenant in the 8th Artillery, acting as Adjutant. On Friday last he died at Charles City Court House, and very suddenly, of congestion of the lungs. His regiment was making a forced march and Lt. Swan had been with it all the time. He felt a difficulty in breathing and spoke to the Surgeon of the Regiment who at once ordered him into an ambulance. He had barely entered the vehicle when he expired. The particulars of the case have been received by his brother-in-law Geo. H. Humphrey, Esq.
Lt. Swan was less than 20 years old when he died. He had performed his duty admirably ever since he entered the service, and though he did not fall in battle he died with the harness of the soldier on. He was an estimable young man, and had shown those qualifications which promised to give him distinction had he survived. He was military tutor at De Veaux College when the war commenced and took the place of private Secretary to Col. Porter when the 8th Artillery was organized.
CASUALTIES IN CO. E, COL. PORTER'S REGIMENT.—We are indebted to private Joseph Deuel for the following list of casualties in Co E, 8th N. Y. Artillery, Col. Porter's Regiment, at Ream's Station, Va., Aug. 25th. The men belonging to Co E are mostly from this county:
Private Henry Bouch, killed.
2d Lieut. A. P. Hawkins, wounded severely in the left arm.
Capt. Osborn Edwards, wounded slightly in left leg.
Private Robert Turner, wounded severely in both legs, and missing.
Missing.—Corps. W. Stimpson, R. Faulkner, John Roberts, Otto Hertsburgh; Privates Frank Armsty, John Alexander, E. M. Bailey, Thomas Barnes, Abner Bust, Wm. H. Evans, Jefferson White, John Deveraux, Jacob Suter, M. A. Drake, James Baker, Thomas Grogan, James Driscoll, F. Fitzgerald, Wilber Ford, Jas. Hannan, Franklin Lewis, Theodore Mueller, Henry Mussay, Wilber Mitchell, James Pearson, W. H. Peck, Henry Reafasall, S. S. Skinner, Geo. Dawson; Musician James Mayne.
WOUNDED.—We regret to learn that Capt. H. H. Sheldon, of the 8th Heavy Artillery, a gentleman well and favorably known here was seriously wounded in the battle on Friday June 3d. He is a resident of Niagara Falls.
LIEUT. COL. BATES.—This gallant officer, who was reported to have been killed in the same engagement that Col. Porter was, is now stated to be alive and not even wounded. He was within grasp of the rebel earthworks when his regiment fell back, and his only hope of saving his life was in hugging the heaped up "sacred soil" until night favored his escape, when he made his way to our lines unobserved by the rebels. The 8th Heavy Artillery suffered severely in the engagement of Friday, June 3d, having lost, it is said, in killed, wounded, and missing, 600 men; one-third of the whole regiment.
MARCHED HIMSELF TO DEATH.—A letter from Joseph Deuel, dated June 14th, to his father in this city, says that Lieut. H. R. Swan of the 8th Heavy Artillery, marched himself to death, and that Lieut. Col. W. Bates had been kicked by his horse.
Col. Peter A. Porter.
NEW YORK, JUNE 10.—A Washington special says:
The friends of Col. Peter A. Porter, in western New York will be interested to know that he was killed by a minnie ball through the neck on Friday morning, at the head of his regiment, when he fell he was fired over by the sharpshooters Friday and Saturday, and it was only on the evening of the latter day that his body; was recovered.
The following order has been issued from these Headquarters:
HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, Nov. 7.
1st. The 8th New York Heavy Artillery, the 104th New York Volunteers, and the 36th Wisconsin Volunteers, having been reported to the Major General commanding as having behaved with distinguished bravery during the engagement of October 27, 1864, on Thatcher's Run, he takes pleasure in restoring to those gallant regiments the right to carry the colors, of which they were deprived by his General Order No. 37 of Sept. 13d, 1864.
2d. It having been reported to the Major General Commanding that the colors of the following mentioned regiments recently lost in battle, were lost under circumstances that reflect no dishonor upon those regiments, they are hereby permitted to carry other colors, viz: the 7th New Hampshire Vols., 38th Massachusetts Vols., 31st New York Vols., 45th Pennsylvania Vols., and 105th Pennsylvania Vols.
By command of Maj.-Gen. MEADE.
S. WILLIAMS, Asst. Adjt. Genl.
W. D. McGEGOR.
The Orleans and American.
Thursday Morning, Nov. 24, 1864.
The 8th N. Y. Artillery, which was so unfortunate as to lose colors in the engagement at Ream's Station, south of Petersburg on the 25th of August, through the bad generalship of someone high in command, and was prohibited from carrying colors in future, (as a punishment for its valor on that occasion) have had them restored, for gallant conduct at Hatches' Run, on the 27th of October. The facts are set forth in a General Order from the corps commander, Gen. Hancock, covered by another by Gen. Meade.
The 8th went into the fight at Ream's Station with thirteen officers and three hundred and eighty men, and came out with five officers and one hundred and thirty-two men, which does not argue very great cowardice on the part of the regiment. To those who understood the facts there was no disgrace attaching to the 8th for losing its colors.
Military History of the Eighth New York Heavy Artillery.
This regiment was raised in the counties of Niagara, Orleans and Genesee, in August, 1862. It was organized as the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth New York Volunteer infantry, mustered into the United States service August 22, l862, at Lockport, N. Y., and on the 23d of that month left Lockport, under orders to report at Washington. On reaching Baltimore on the 25th it received orders to report to Brevet Brigadier General W. W. Morris; commanding defences of Baltimore, and by him ordered to garrison Fort Federal Hill.
On the 17th of December, 1862, by order of the War Department, the regiment was changed from infantry to heavy artillery, and designated as the Eighth regiment New York heavy artillery. The regiment remained in Baltimore, garrisoning Forts Federal Hill, McHenry and Marshall, until May 15, 1864, with the exception of being ordered to Maryland Heights, on the 10th of July, 1863, at which place it remained until August 3, 1863, and being again ordered to Green Spring Run and Romney during February, 1864, remaining there, however, but a few weeks. During this time it had raised recruits sufficiently to bring the regimental number to nineteen hundred and twenty-three men.
On May 15, 1864, the regiment left Baltimore to join the Second division of the Second Army corps, Army of the Potomac, by way of Aquia creek, the army then being at Spottsylvania, arriving there on May 18, 1864. On the 19th it fought its first battle, charging and driving the rebels three successive times. It has participated in all the battles, marches, and other duties which this army has performed during the great campaign of 1864 and '65. The regiment is to be mustered out immediately. (June 5, 1865)
Death and Burial of a Soldier.
HEAD QUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC.
Coal Harbor, Va. June 11, 1864.
My Dear Friends at Home:—I have visited Chaplain Delamater of cousin Fayette's regiment, and to day went out on the line where rebel bullets were whirring in close proximity over my head, to see Capt. of his company, and will now write for yourself and friends, all I am able to gather that I think will interest you all in relation to his death, burial, &c.
I went with my horse to carry a sick Dansville soldier,—Mr. T. Walker of the same regiment with Fayette, and whom I found at the house where I was stopping, to his hospital, and so happened to hear somewhat vaguely that Fayette was shot and killed. That I wrote you, and to believe it was a mistake, as my own duties would not allow me to search farther that day. But I could not dispel anxieties as to his fate, and hastened early next morning to the hospital of his division to find the vague report alas, too true, though not literallry [sic] so. He was shot through the body, both legs, and one arm, about five o'clock on the morning of Friday, June 3d, while making a line of rebel works. He lay on the ground about fourteen or fifteen hours, as the charge was repulsed and the ground left again between the lines. As soon as darkness favored, he was brought off and taken to hospital where he died in about twenty-four hours after being shot. The Chaplain is a very courteous and obliging gentleman, and a faithful and devoted christian, and I am satisfied gave Fayette every attention possible in the circumstances, but he says he could not, in the multitude of similar cases, give him as much time as he desired to do. He says he was concious [sic] to the last, and fully aware of his situation, and the near approach of death, though not having strength for much conversation. He asked often for water, and when told that he could not have so much, replied he had not long to stay in this world, and wanted what comfort he could have in that time. When I reached the hospital I found his pulseless form waiting for a grave which was being dug, and I at once secured a little delay in the burial to enable me to try to have his body removed to White House, as I could there have it embalmed [sic]. The distance is about fifteen miles. I only met, at every place I thought as at all worth while to apply the kind but discouraging reply, "We would gladly help you, but the living must have all the facilities of exit, rather than the dead." With a heavy heart I returned to the sad duty of alone burying a friend in a strange land. Half a dozen from his Division had already been buried, and his grave was made near them, and adjoining a lone tree in a large open field. The land is dry and the spot as favorable as could be selected. We buried him in true soldier style, "No useless coffin enclosed his breast," no group of weeping mourners gathered around, no crowd of sympathizing [sic] neighbors to witness the last sad duties to the departed, no ceremony, but lonely and quietly we laid him away in his narrow bivouac. Hiding his own grief the rough soldier in attendance spread his rubber peruche over his uncoffined form, and dropped lightly the earth that was to cover him from my sight.
I should have said, that up to this time I had been unable to find any one who had any knowledge of him except the who was with him the last two hours of his life. His valuables had been removed, and as I afterwards learned properly cared for. I took a small plain ring from his finger and some buttons from his vest to cherish as mementoes of the friend and the peculiar occasion. These I shall forward at the earliest safe opportunity. I carved his initials and my own on the tree, in addition to the penciling on the headboard; and to-day as our army was leaving this locality entirely, I paid a last visit to the spot, and failing to find a stone—there are none here of any kind,—to make a future discovery as sure as possible, I took the only imperishable article I could procure, a tin fruit-can and with my pocket knife cut on it his name and my own in full, and buried it at the head of the grave, just inside of the head board. I also had a boy living on the farm, visit the grave with me and in every way I could to get him interested in remembering the spot. If desired, and it shall become practicable to remove the remains I feel confident there will be no trouble whatever after these precautions in identifying the spot, especially if I can be along. As I cannot write to as many as I would like please copy and send to as many of his friends as you deem proper. Yours, T.
Lieut. F. S. Brown belonged to the 8th N. Y. H. Artillery, Hancock's Corps, and as this regiment was recruited in Western N. Y., it maybe interesting to people of this vicinity to learn something of its doings and sufferings on the memorable 2d of June. On the previous night rain fell heavily, and the morning was chilly, cloudy and dark. At four o'clock in the morning the order came to charge, and the 8th--twelve hundred, instantly, bravely and freely mounted, and were over the works with arms at a trial, bayonets fixed, and on the double quick step. Braver hearts never rushed to battle, and never was a charge more deadly, or of so little avail. The moment they mounted our works a deadly, sweeping fire was opened upon them from thousands of muskets, as well as a few batteries. The men began to fall before they got twenty feet from our works, and there were two hundred rods to pass over before the enemies works were reached. The double quick turned into a run, and this was kept up till the men were too exhausted to go faster than a brisk step, for the distance was so great and the ground so uneven and muddy that they were soon tired out. Of all that started not more than one third reached the rebel parapet. And what could they do? Nothing but die, and those who had not fallen took refuge in rifle pits. Dead and wounded lay from the pits they left to the rebel works, but at the works they were almost heaped in places. They lay under cover of the pits until the middle of the afternoon, when the order came from Capt. Baker to start back again one by one for the works occupied in the morning. Of the number who went forward in this charge, one half were either killed or wounded, the company to which Lieut. Brown belonged suffering more than any other. Of this Co. one hundred men and five officers went into the fight, and when it came out seventy-five men were either killed or wounded, three officers wounded and one, (Brown) mortally. About forty of the men lie buried on the field of battle. Of the sergeants who went into the fight all but one were either killed or wounded and the same of the corporals. Colonel Porter was killed, and several officers of the line were either killed or wounded.
The regiment has again suffered severely in the recent battles before Petersburg.
COL. PORTER APPOINTED TO THE COMMAND OF FORT MCHENRY--COL. P. A. Porter of the 8th N. Y. Artillery, raised in Niagara county, has been placed in command of Fort McHenry, formerly under the immediate charge of General Morris. Col. Porter was the Republican nominee for Secretary of State who declined to run.
Sword Presentation to Col. P. A. Porter
8th N. Y. Art.
Mr. Editor: The generous contribution of fathers, brothers, husbands, lovers and self-sacrificing labor by the people of Niagara, Genesee and Orleans Counties, towards raising and organizing the 129th Regiment of N. Y. V. Infantry, gave assurance of a depth of friendly interest in the Regiment which we are convinced is still cherished in the 8th N. Y. Artillery by their equally generous liberality in like contributions towards filling its Ranks and perfecting that new organization.
While that interest lives it cannot fail to be a pleasure to those people to know whatever it is the pleasure of the Regiment to do and therefore to know what was done on Christmas Eve at Regimental Head Quarters taking advantage of a brief absence of Colonel Porter from his quarters in the evening, the Commissioned Officers of the Regiment, thirty-five or more in number according to a plan previously agreed upon quietly assembled and without encountering any serious resistance possessed themselves of his Room, and posting a sentinel to watch his approach awaited his return. The trusty sentinel was none too vigillant [sic] to secure the happy execution of their plot, for the Colonel whose presence is ever most apt to be where the sleepy guards-man least desires it, by approaching at the only unwatched point, drove him in at "double quick" to announce with a countenance more in delight than in affright, "He is upon us." All quickly "formed square" and as the Colonel entered, without giving him time to assume the character of either host or guest, to determine whether he was captured or capturing, Major Willett addressed him as follows:
" Colonel Porter: We have come here this evening to make you a friendly call, and are not on an official visit. Indeed in view of our numbers I might with propriety say that it is a friendly "reconnoisance in force."
We have no hostile intentions, but on Christmas eve, we have thought that we might properly lay off the soldier to some extent, and pay our respects to our Regimental Chief, in a manner consonant with our feelings and in keeping with the Rules and Regulations.
Disclaiming therefore any purpose of convening ought of praise or censure, of approval or disapproval, I have the honor in accordance with the wishes of these gentlemen, in their names and on their behalf to present to you this modest token of their individual and personal regard."
At this point one side of the square gave way and opening, discovered lying open upon his table a rosewood case containing a sword, belt, sash and pair of spurs each article of which was a model of richness and beauty. For the character of the sword, "Vide" a few lines past. The scabbard was two. One of gold elaborately wrought and bearing the inscription: "Presented to P. A. Porter, Colonel, 8th N. Y. V. Artillery, by thee Commissioned Officers of his Regiment." The other of steel, silver mounted, inscribed simply with the name, "P. A. Porter:" Taking the sword and presenting it to Col. Porter, the Major added:
" May their friendship prove to be, like this Damascus blade, of the real 'stub and twist." that shall never break nor crack, through all the thrusts and parry's of life, and in corning years, when this 'cruel war is over,' and the flower of peace fresh and fragrant, shall have been plucked from the thorny bush, may the trusty sword remind you how we clung harmoniously together, in the service of our country, on those days when, on the dark wave of rebellion, a great republic went driving before the storm.—Accept these gifts, Sir, and with them our united and sincere wishes that you may live to enjoy many years of health and prosperity, and that you may have a 'Merry Christmas' tomorrow."
Col. Porter replied briefly saying that it was usual to express surprise on occasions of this kind, but that all would bear him witness that his was genuine, and their secret had been well kept in the true spirit of a "military surprise." He begged to express his sincere pleasure and gratification at the gift itself, the manner of its presentation, and all that it implied of good will and kindly fealing [sic] on the part of the officers of the regiment. The relations existing between all of us had been of the most harmonious nature, and the harmony was due to the character of the officers and the standard of duty that existed among us.—We might not have been able to make ourselves a model of what would be done in the bloody service of the field, be we were a model of unanimity and good will among ourselves as a regiment. Whatever duty had been assigned to us, although not as active as we could wish, had been conscientiously performed and he believed successfully. The new year opening upon us would probably be the beginning of a more varied and a more stormy experience, and he did not doubt that the officers would do in future what they had done in the past, and that was, their duty. For himself he could only hope that he should continue to possess their confidence, and thanking them again for their very beautiful present, hoped he should so wear it, with their support, that his career as their commanding officer would do no dishonor to those who had done so much honor to him.
Thus passed what will be long remembered by each one present as one of the most pleasant incidents of his life.
S. P. WEBSTER.
Kendall, Jany. 7th, 1864.
Col. Porter Seriously Wounded.
New York, June 7.--Col. Peter A. Porter, of the 8th N. Y. Heavy Artillery, officially published as killed, is said to be only severely wounded.—Hon. Hollis White has gone to the front to devote himself to the care of the Colonel, if yet alive, and to bring home his remains if dead.
Col. Porter's Death.
New York, June 13.—The Tribune special says Col. Peter A. Porter's body, when recovered, was found to have sixteen bullet holes in it. One of them was right through the heart. He was at the head of a brigade and of course was a distinct mark for the sharpshooters.
Three men in his regiment were killed in their endeavors to recover his body. A fourth man made approaches to it with a spade, and fastened a rope to it. Drawn on in this way the brave man's remains reached his regiment, and were transmitted to his family.
Death of Colonel Peter A. Porter.
A dispatch from Secretary Stanton, states that Col. Porter was killed in the battle of Friday in front of Richmond. This announcement will sadden many hearts. Col. Porter raised a regiment in the Niagara district in the summer of '62, and has since been actively in the service. Last fall the Republican Convention nominated him for Secretary of State, but he declined the candidacy in a manly letter. He was in the prime of life, and the possessor of large wealth. His first appearance in public life was in the capacity of member of Assembly in 1862.
Death of Colonel Porter.
Extract from a letter received by a gentleman of this city, from an officer of the 8th regt. N. Y. Artillery—dated Cold Harbor, Va., June 6, 1864:
" Colonel Porter was killed about 4 o'clock in the morning on the 3d inst., while the regiment was making a charge upon an earthwork of the enemy. He fell nobly leading his men on. We all feel his loss very deeply. Our losses in the charge, besides the Colonel, were twenty-two officers killed and wounded, and about four hundred men killed, wounded and missing. It was one of the most severe affairs of the war, and old regiments that were expected to support us refused to go forward. Not a man in the whole line flinched or looked back; but all went forward with almost the certainty of death before them. We are having more or less fighting here every day, and we have some men each day killed or wounded by the enemy's sharpshooters, but, as we are behind breastworks our losses cannot be very large."
THE LATE COL. PETER A. PORTER.—The Rochester Union says: The body servant of the late Col. Peter A. Porter, accompanied his remaines [sic] from the battle field to Niagara Falls. The Colonel was killed early on Friday morning June 3d, within a few yards of the enemy's breast-works. His body was riddled with balls and his death is supposed to have been instantaneous. The ground on which he was lying not being in possession of either army, it was with extreme difficulty the body was recovered. It was reached by digging a trench to within a few feet of it, several men then crawling on their hands and knees, when a rope was attached to his feet and the body thus secured. Four men then transported it on their shoulders to White House, where it was encoffined and forwarded to the Falls. It was much decomposed, having lain on the ground for nearly forty-eight hours under a blazing sun. Col. Porter had just assumed command of the brigade in which was his regiment, when he gave the command to charge and in the assault lost his life. Like Wadsworth, his remembrance will be held ever dear in the hearts of his countrymen. No pecuniary gain could have induced him to have left his home of affluence and ease to partake of the dangers of war. But his country called him and he was too patriotic to disobey the call.
It is reported that when he fell his brigade was engaged in a deadly conflict with a portion of Breckenridge's command. Breckenridge is a relative of Col. Porter.
FUNERAL OF THE LATE COL. PORTER.—We understand that the Rev. J. M. Clarke, of St. James' Church, has been summoned to attend the funeral services of the late Col. Peter A. Porter, which are to take place at Niagara Falls to-morrow.—Col. Porter was a former parishioner of Mr. Clarke's, and he will officiate at the funeral by request of the family of the deceased.
The Standard falls into an error in stating that Rev. Mr. May is to take part in the funeral obsequies. Mr. May is at home and will conduct the services at the Unitarian Church to-morrow at the usual hours.
THE FUNERAL OF COL. PETER B. PORTER.—The funeral of this noble patriot and gallant soldier took place at Niagara Falls, yesterday. There was a large attendance from the town and surrounding country, where Col. Porter had been so long known and loved for years, and the National Guards at the Falls furnished the military escort. The funeral services were conducted by the Rev. Dr. Shelton of this City, the Rev. Dr. Clark of Syracuse, and the Rev. Dr. Starkie, at the Episcopal Church. The remarks of Dr. Shelton are spoken of by those present as having been exceedingly eloquent anf affecting.
Particulars of his Death.
As announced, the funeral of this gallant officer and beloved citizen, took place from St. Peter's Church, at Niagara Falls, on Saturday morning, at 11 o'clock. Owing to a mistaken impression that the obsequies would be deferred till yesterday, many were absent who deeply desired to pay the last tribute of respect to their defender and friend. The attendance was, however, very large, numbers from this city, Tonawanda, Lockport, Lewiston, and the surrounding country being present, and the deep sadness stamped even upon the faces of those who new Col. Porter least, was the most impressive announcement of the great loss the community had suffered in his death. There was no actual military display. The members of Co. B, 90th Regiment N. Y. N. G., of which Col. Porter was formerly a member, acted as an escort, in citizens dress, but beyond this, there was no organized demonstration.
The body was carried to the Church, which the unostentatious liberality of the departed soul had aided so much in erecting, on Friday afternoon, and the stores and business places were generally closed on its arrival.
Rev. Mr. Shelton of this city, Rev. Mr. Starkie, Rector of the St. Peters, and Rev. Mr. Clark of Syracuse, officiated at the services, and Doctor Carey, and Porter Thompson, Edward Fiske and Carlton Sprague, Esq's, of this city, and Messrs. Pettibone, Piper, Jerrauld, and Minturn, of the Falls, acted as pall-bearers. The church was crowded to overflowing, and hundreds were unable to gain admission. After the impressive burial service of the Episcopal Church had been read, Dr. Shelton delivered a very brief address, in which the character of Col. Porter was reviewed with the touching pathos and broken voice of a deeply grieved friend. He concluded by quoting the admirably appropriate lines of Collins, commencing:
"How sleep the brave who sink to rest,
By all their country's wishes blessed!"
At the conclusion of the Doctor's remarks there was scarcely a dry eye in the assemblage, and we question if ever a more feeling tribute was paid by a soldier of the Lord to a soldier of the Union. After the ceremonies at the Church, the sad procession moved slowly to Oakwood Cemetery where the body was placed in the vault till the grave could be prepared. It would have been deposited in the family plot at once, but for the unexpected meeting with a stratum of rock in digging the grave, which rendered resort to blasting necessary.
From John Haney, Colonel Porter's faithful servant, we learn the correct particulars of his death. On Friday morning, General Terry, in command of the Brigade, was wounded in the leg, and sent word to Col. Porter, requesting him to assume command in the charge on the enemy's works, about to be made. Col. Porter called the officers together, and firmly and calmly informed them that the task was one of almost certain death, but that orders must be obeyed. He then sprang to the top of the earthworks, and waving his sword cried, "Boys, follow me, I will lead you!" Every man in the Brigade rushed over the intrenchments at the word, and swept down on the rebel works, from end to end of which a torrent of death flame was pouring. Scarce half of the horrid intervening space was passed, before a minie ball struck the Colonel in the side of the neck, and he fell. Struggling to his feet, he again cheered on his men, and again dauntlessly faced the tempest of iron and lead. The next instant a ball passed through his heart, and he fell on his hands and knees, undoubtedly killed instantly, as his body was in that position when recovered. He was struck with seven rifle balls; two through the neck, one through the heart, one in the side, one in the abdomen, and one through each leg.
Beaten back by the fiery tempest his command was compelled to retire, and for nearly two days his body lay on the field, his only requiem being the death shrieks of the shell and the sharp sigh of the bullet.
On Saturday night five of his men took advantage of the darkness and rain to successfully attempt gaining possession of their Commander's body. Through mud and water they silently dug a trench, which brought them within about five rods of where he lay, and then one of them with his life in his hand crawled forth, fastened a cord to the now useless sword-belt, and over the damp and bloody clay of that fearful Virginia battle field, the hero clay was drawn till it reposed in the Union line; and thus by the devoted bravery of those who learned to love him in war, were we, his mourning friends at home, who knew him in peace, permitted to deposit his remains in the quiet of the churchyard, where the mighty Niagara will till the end of time thunder his dirge.
Funeral of the late Col. Porter.
It was impossible to obtain any particulars in regard to the death of Col. Porter, till Friday last. The account given by Swinton, in his graphic description of the battle, was necessarily too vague to satisfy the anxious desire to know all that could be known of his last hours, his death, and the recovery of his body.
He fell, as we know, bravely leading his men to the attack, rose to his feet and gallantly struggled on, but fell again, and died, it is confidently believed, without a groan. This was about five o'clock on Friday morning. His body lay where it fell till Saturday night. John Haney (who had been many years in the Col.'s service, and had been with him constantly since he left home), unwilling to believe him really dead, searched the hospitals, hoping to find him among the wounded, and received the sad confirmation of the report of his death from a wounded man of Col. Porter's regiment, who saw the Col.'s body at the time he himself was wounded, and satisfied himself that he was really dead. Lieut. Col. Bates finally discerned the body through his glass, and sent the necessary order to Captain Baker, who detailed three men, under a Sergeant, to bring it, if possible within our lines. They went forward under cover of night, discovered it, and with much difficulty succeeded in eluding observation and bringing it away. It was then given to the care of Haney, who now, although nearly overcome by the fatigue and terrible excitement of the preceding thirty-six hours, undertook the sad duty of bringing his master's body to the friends so anxiously awaiting him.
He succeeded in getting it safely to White House, where it was newly coffined and prepared for its last journey, by the embalmer, Dr. Bunnel. He then brought it on to Washington, where it was met by Mr. Symonds.
On Friday afternoon, a week from the day Col. Porter was killed, his body arrived here. All places of business were closed, and the funeral was announced to take place the next morning, at eleven o'clock, from St. Peter's church. In accordance with the wishes of the friends of the deceased, and his own well known dislike of all ostentatious display, the preparations were for a quiet village funeral. The coffin, beautifully draped with flags and decorated with a profusion of exquisite flowers, was placed in the vestibule.
The services were conducted by the Rev. Dr. Shelton, of Buffalo; assisted by the Rev. Mr. Clarke of Syracuse, and the Rev. Mr. Starkey, the rector of the parish. Company B, under Capt. Sahlenou, obtained permission to attend in a body, dressed in citizens clothes, to pay the last possible mark of respect to the remains of their deceased comrade.
It was most affecting to see among the mourning household, the old blind man, who had been cared for by Gen. Porter, and left by him to the care of his children, supported by the young man who had been so faithful to the last in his young master's service.
Dr. Shelton made a few touching remarks relative to the sad occasion; and when, after adverting to his long intimacy of over forty years with the family of the deceased, he would have spoken of the sad office he was now called upon to perform, his emotion overpowered him, tears choaked [sic] his utterance; and many a one to whose eyes tears were strange, indeed, wept with him. It was an assemblage of sincere mourners; and each, as he went his way, seemed then first to realize that this was the last among us of the gallant officer who, in the flush of his strong manhood, went from us but two short years ago.
And so—blessed by the prayers of the church, hallowed by the tears of affection, and honored by the manifestations of universal love and respect—he was quietly laid to rest.
Tribute to the Late Col. Peter A. Porter.
BY REV. JAMES M. CLARKE.
From the Gospel Messenger.
" I did not know," said friend of his, "that Col. Porter could die." As man sees, there was every reason he should live. Few lives were more full of promise. Earth had given him all earth's advantages—a father eminent in his country's history, a mother gifted beyond the common lot, a mind and a person worthy of such parentage, all opportunities of education and of culture, all surroundings of affluence and refinement, the happiness of home and family, the friendship of many of earth's chosen souls. He had furnished himself with "every noble sentiment, every manly accomplishment." He was so full of life. He touched life at so many points. He was a poet, an artist, an orator, a statesman, lastly a soldier. The noble river that flows before his home, and its scenes of beauty and of majesty, to our hearts take on sadness and complain of loss, wanting him. The friends that were drawn round Niagara as a home, felt his attraction as the life of its society, through the opulence of an intellect highly cultured, a memory superb and matchless, a wit prodigal and exhaustless as nature's fountains, and a genial, social nature, fitted to give enjoyment and to enjoy.
He was singularly free from prejudice. As he was generous in his dealings with his neighbors, so he was candid and fair in discussing all religious, political, sectional or national questions and controversies. So impartial was he in his judgments that his endorsement of any cause was felt as an independent and weighty evidence in its favor. He was such a one as the country most needs. By position and temper lifted above the calculations of selfish interest, by culture and mental habit above the fury of party spirit, guiltless in the past of his country's blood, he was fitted to have exercised an elevating influence on our national policy and character, to have carried the spirit of a pure, lofty, and Christian patriotism into the future of our national life. Though educated in Puritan New England and in Rationalist Germany, though a graduate of Cambridge and a student in Berlin, he became from conviction, both Christian and Churchman. He was confirmed in 1859, making a special journey to the Bishop's house in Geneva for that purpose, and he continued thenceforth "Christ's faithful soldier and servant unto his life's end." His religious profession had been taken deliberately, and it is the testimony of all that it was carried out steadily and consistently; that he was a servant of God, a man of prayer.
In 1862, he served for a term in the State Legislature. In the summer of that year, it forced itself upon him as a duty to give himself to his country in this her hour of trial. It was a stern duty and a grievous sacrifice. He was not a born soldier, as some are; he was made for the arts of peace. He was statesman rather than soldier, fitted to shine in the senate-house rather than in the field. He had all that the heart holds dear at home. He gave up all for duty, as the martyrs "forsook all" for Christ. In 1863, his friends nominated him for New York Secretary of State on the ticket which was afterwards successful, but he declined the nomination. In a noble and touching letter, he said, (in substance,) "I have taken my neighbors' sons into the war, and I will share their dangers till I bring them home." He was two winters stationed in Baltimore. He had long been impatient for more active service, and in May, 1864, he was at length ordered to the field. In three weeks from the day he received the order, he was killed in his second battle. On the fatal 3d, the General of his brigade was wounded in a desperate charge The enemy's breastworks crowned the hill above them.
The officers all knew the attack was hopeless at their part of the line. Still he was second in command, and he rushed forward, calling to his men. The bullet struck him and he fell. He rose, ran on, and fell to rise no more. It was thirty-six hours before his body was recovered. When obtained, six bullet holes pierced it, One of which was through the heart. Six hundred of his regiment were stretched with him on the field of death. The troops whose position he attacked were commanded by his cousin, Gen. Breckenridge of Kentucky.
On the 14th, he was buried at his boyhood's and his manhood's home. No pomp of war decked the scene. Here, in the beauty of nature, was the stillness of peace. Simply the old flag he died for was wrapped round his coffin. Three of his successive pastors attended the rite. His old pastor and friend, warm-hearted Dr. Shelton, said a few broken and touching words before we laid him to his rest; ending with those lines of Collins's:
"How sleep the brave who sink to rest,
With all their country's wishes blest, &c.”
One word more. This man, whose life was a training for noble action, has not yet closed his spirit's high career. And the country for which such heroic lives are given, is not destined to fall from the roll of nations, with the hopes and promise of her youth all unfulfilled. The red deluge must be also a regeneration. And what, the blood of the martyrs was to the infant Church, that must also the blood of her Christian heroes be to the dear Fatherland.
THE LATE COL. PORTER.—At a meeting of the Trustees of Hobart College, Geneva, held on the 12th of last July, the following preamble and resolutions were adopted:
Whereas, In the providence of God, our associate and honored friend, Col. Peter A. Porter, has been deprived of life while in the army of the United States:
Resolved, That in his death we feel the loss of a liberal and generous patron and an efficient officer of this Board.
Resolved, That we will cherish the remembrance of his manly excellence,
matchless self-denial in directing his talents and periling his life in the cause of his country.
Resolved, That we feel in the loss of our distinguished associate, that we are deprived of the influence of one of the highest intellects, and one of the most distinguished spirits, and that the cause of learning and general improvement has sustained an afflicting loss.
Resolved, That we transmit to his family a copy of these resolutions.
THE LATE COL. PETER A. PORTER—ACTION OF DEVEAUX COLLEGE.—At a regular meeting of the Trustees of the Deveaux College for Orphan and Destitute Children, held at the College edifice, on the 21st day of July, 1864, Gov. Hunt announced the recent death of Col. Peter A. Porter, one of the Trustees of the College, and offered the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That the members of this Board have received with profound and heartfelt grief the tidings of the death of their late associate Col. Peter A. Porter, who has nobly fallen in the service of his country, while gallantly leading his regiment into action.
Resolved, That we will hold in grateful remembrance not only his valuable services and zealous co-operation in the affairs of the College, from its inception until he was called away by the summons of his country, but the high endowments, the disinterested patriotism, the Christian example, and all the manly virtues which adorned his life and character.
Resolved, That his untimely fall is an afflictive bereavement which takes from us an honored and loved friend and colleague; while it deprives the country of one of its brightest ornaments and most useful and devoted sons. His brief career, so suddenly cut short by this dispensation of an all-wise Providence, was sufficiently prolonged to crown his name with undying renown and to furnish an illustrious example to his survivors.
Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be transmitted to the family of Col Porter, with an assurance of our sincerest sympathy and condolence.
ELIJAH FORD, Secretary.
(For the Courier.)
DIRGE ON THE DEATH OF COL. PETER A. PORTER.
BY W. H. C. HOSMER.
Dead and gone, his sword is drawn
In freedom's cause no more;
In this sad strife he offered life,
And slumbers steeped in gore.
Half-mast our Starry flag is hung,
But Porter shall not die unsung.
Brave to a fault he met the foe,—
Received a mortal wound;
The burial spot where he lies low
Henceforth is holy ground:—
His father fought for truth and God,
His son the soil a warrior trod.
Then let the muffled drum be beat,
With crape our banner drest;
Around his coffin let us meet,
While courage fires each breast;
He was a soldier true and tried,
And hearts were broken when he died.
His father in our former wars
Fought for his country well;
And with his person, marked by scars.
He heard the heavy knell
Of gallant men whose course is o'er,
The brave who will combat no more.
Fight as your fathers fought of old
At famous Bunker Hill;
The flag above our sires unrolled
Is bravely fluttering still;
Deprive proud Richmond of a name,
Give her to faggot, and the flame.
Mourn for Niagara's gallant son
Brave Porter who hath died;
A crowning victory was won,
And he his country's pride;
In triumph over death—the grave,
Fell first, and foremost of the brave.
June 4th, 1864.
BY THE LATE COL. PETER A. PORTER.
I met our friends upon a foreign shore,
And asked of thee; they told me thou wert dead.
My lips repeat—"He is no more—no more."
'T was all I said.
Yet sank my spirit in me, and there went
A strange confusion or my saddened brow,
I could not pierce God's infinite intent;
I cannot now.
I only know that He who in thy birth
Had shadow'd forth Himself, though faint and dim,
Decreed how long thou should'st remain on earth;
How long with Him.
And now there comes that Phantom of the Past,
Rousing my soul with its elastic prime;
I see thee still as I saw thee last,
In that glad time.
Radient [sic] in beauty of the form and mind,
And young renown of Academic strife,
Joy lay around; a stainless life behind;
A high priest standing in the temple space
E'er yet the sacrificial rites begin,
A giant waiting for the glorious race
He is to win.
We thought eternal tablets would record
The name with theirs who, since the world began,
With an immortal strength, and toil and word,
Have wrought for man.
We thought—alas! what thought we not of good,
Or all that hope or promise e'er begat;
Of all save early doom—oh, friend! how could
We think of that!
We could not see the shadows close thee round;
We could not know prophetic cypress shed
Funereal perfume for the wreath that bound
" So dear a head."
We could not think the light that from afar
We deemed prelusive of the coming sun,
Was but the parting radiance of his car,
When day is done.
But now I know too well a light's withdrawn,
That made this gloomy earth for me more fair,
A perfume's fled and gentle influence gone
That soothed my care.
And yet not wholly gone; through life's sad vale
Thy soul—now prompting to resemble thee
And now in sad monition when I fail—
Shall walk with me.
With me? oh, yes! but not with me alone,
For in the fair companionship of youth
Others than I have loudly felt and known
Thy love and truth:
Have drunk at learning's font with thee, and seen
How Doubt's dark depths and Thought's wild
Thy mild-eyed faith, so pure and so serene,
Soared like a dove.
Enough: what might have been is not: no more
Shall I return thy grasp, and seek thy glance:
Perchance we meet on heaven's eternal shore: